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Comparison of Chicken Feed Effects on Development

Comparison of Chicken Feed Effects on Development. All six significant domesticated agricultural animals today chicken, cow, goat, horse, pig and sheep had been domesticated in Eurasia by 5000 BP. (Thompson, 2002) The earliest evidence of domestication of chickens relies on interpretation of archaeological discoveries of bones and artefacts. (Crawford, 2003) Archaeological discoveries in China indicate that chickens had been domesticated by 5400 B.C. (Crawford, 2003) People of Cishan Culture (Neolithic Yellow River culture in northern China) had chickens then, but it is not known whether these birds made much contribution to modern domestic fowl. (Crawford, 2003) The jungle fowl (G. gallus), has without a doubt been a major contributor to domestic fowl (Crawford, 2003). The chicken (Gallus, gallus or Gallus domesticus) is generally considered to have evolved from the jungle fowl (G. gallus). (KennthComparison of Chicken Feed Effects on Development
During my clinical in psychiatric ward I was asked by one of the registered nurse to accompany that nurse in patients room who was just admitted in the ward. When we entered the room the nurse directly asked the patient to go and change her home clothes and wear hospital clothes. The patient become very aggressive and violent, while the nurse forcefully took the patient in washroom and threatened the patient to change her clothes otherwise she would call her husband and a male staff, after this comment by the nurse, the patient tried to hit the nurse and in result the nurse pushed the patient. I was observing all this, and was forced to stop the nurse and I asked her to be gentle rather than being so rude with the patient. In her response, she said “let me do whatever I am doing. She comes to psychiatric ward every second day to get admitted, I know better how to treat her”. This unpleasant incident was the eye-opener for me and urged me to write on the topic of therapeutic communication as a health promoting practice and how this practice helps in dealing with the aggressive and violent patients. It is one of the most important skills which a nurse can develop is therapeutic relationship with their clients. Although it is important in every nursing specialty but therapeutic communication is especially essential with the patients requiring psychiatric care, in order to apply nursing process effectively and perform successful intervention. In my paper ahead I will discuss about aggression among psychiatric patients, using of verbal and non-verbal communication techniques as a mental health promoting practice. Moreover, I will discuss nursing process and at last I will be giving some recommendations. Aggression is defined by the American Psychological Association as ”behavior performed by one person (the aggressor) with the intent of harming another person (the victim) who is believed by the aggressor to be motivated to avoid that harm”. A Swiss study reports that 47% (n = 114) experience threats and that 37% had been attacked one or more times in psychiatric nursing settings (Abderhalden et al., 2002) as cited in Nau, Dassen, Halfens, Needham 2007. Violence result in frustration and stress among psychiatric nurses and thus they leave the job or may behave and communicate rude with patents. According to Zernike and Sharpe, 1998 as cited in Nau, Dassen, Halfens, Needham 2007 it is known that relating to verbal and physical aggression staff experiences feelings such as frustration, anger, feeling hurt, fear, resentment, helplessness, anxiety and irritation. In order to bring a change in any practice it is essential to apply nursing process. Though, in the situation mentioned above I was not directly involved to apply nursing process. However, there are things possible which could have done to control over that situation which I will discuss further. Nursing assessment is important step to predict patient’s behavior. Although, one cannot accurately predict the upcoming situation stuart (2009) has given the hierarchy of aggressive and violent patient’s behavior added as (Appendix A) which can be a helpful tool in assessing aggressive patient. Moreover, staurt (2009) talked about early behavioral signs including motor agitation sings such as pacing, inability to sit still, clenching fists, Increased respiration and catatonia, along with this, verbal clues may be present like verbal threats, intrusive demands, loud speech and paranoia. Assessment of affect is also important which includes anger, irritability, extreme anxiety and euphoria. There may be the change in level of consciousness like confusion, disorientation, and memory impairment. However in my case nurse was unable to assess these behaviors. After assessment planning is a critical step in which nurse plans for interventions according to the situation and next comes the intervention phase. There are several theories on aggression which includes psychoanalytical, behavioral, and cognitive theories. In accordance with the scenario mentioned above I will discuss one of the cognitive theories. Beck 1976 as cited in Boyd 2005 proposed that cognitive schema such as judgments, self-esteem, and expectations influence angry responses. If aggressive patient perceived any situation as intentional, unprovoked, dangerous, and perceived offender as undesirable the recipient’s reaction will be exaggerated. Similarly, in that particular case nurse was threatening the patient due to which patient’s aggression was intensified and results in physical violence. There are varieties of interventions which can be implemented to manage aggressive behavior in psychiatric settings in order to promote mental wellbeing of patients.. Stuart (2009) has given the continuum of nursing interventions in managing aggressive behavior added as (Appendix B). These interventions can be divided in preventive, anticipatory and containment strategies. Preventive strategy includes patient education, self awareness and assertive training. Anticipatory strategy includes verbal and nonverbal communication, medications and behavioral changes. Milieu strategies include environmental changes. Moreover, crisis management techniques and containment strategies for instance restrain and seclusions are used as last resort if despite all strategies aggressive behavior persists. In addition, these interventions can also divide as biological, social and psychological domain given by Boyd (2005) added as (Appendix C). However, in my paper due to word count limit and according to my scenario, I will only talk about verbal and non verbal communication techniques which fall under psychological domain and anticipatory strategy. Psychological interventions help patients to achieve control over their aggressive behaviors. In addition, these interventions also eradicate the need for chemical or mechanical restrains and communication strategies are significant intervention which can prevent crisis situation. According to Gerloff and Shannon as cited by boyd 2005 in recent years, interest has arisen in developing communication techniques that promote the expression of anger in non-destructive ways. According to study done by Chen, Hwu, and Williams (2005) the nurses indicated that their most frequent methods of management of aggression were use of the isolation room, medications, and physical restraints. However, I will discuss some of the therapeutic communication skills in managing aggressive behavior. Aggressive patients often speak loudly and use bad language therefore, it is important that nurse speak in a calm and low voice and do not raise their voice in response because this may perceive as competition and further shoot up impulsive circumstances. Moreover, nurse should avoid inappropriate smiling and laughing and should use simple, short and easy sentences. However, the case mentioned above clearly states that nurses shouted on patient and in result physical violence occurs. Secondly, acknowledging and validating patient’s feelings and reassuring them that staff is there to help them is one the good strategy which can reduce the level of agitation, because this gives permission to patients to communicate their feelings and concerns without interruption. Moreover, this can also reduce patient’s feelings of isolation. Though, in the above mentioned case nurse did not allow patient to express her feelings nor acknowledge her will. Thirdly, nurse should communicate patients in such a way that encourages them to have control on their violent impulses. It helps in facilitating self control because patients may be willing to remove themselves from over stimulating environment. Conversely, in above mentioned case nurse threatened the patient which destructed the whole situation. Nonverbal communication techniques of the nurse are also important in managing patient’s aggressive behaviors. Staurt (2009) suggested some non verbal communication techniques, which include calm and relaxed posture with nurse’s head lower than the patient’s head. It is less threatening to patient and this communicates that nurse is willing to help patient. Conversely, hands on hips and nurses impend over the patients and arms across the chest are the posture which communicates reluctance to help and emotional distance. Furthermore, nurses should avoid frightening, nervous and impulsive gestures. Therefore, nurse’s hands should be kept open and out of pockets. Nurse’s should also keep their eyes at the same level as those of patients or lower in order to allow patients to communicate from an equal level and patient would not feel inferior. Aggressive patients need four times more personal space than non-aggressive prone people. Interruption into personal space can be perceived as a danger and aggravate aggression. Hence, staurt (2009) suggested that nurses should remain at an angle to the patient so as to respect patient’s need for personal space. Therefore, it is importance for the nurse to observes patient’s behaviors for instance clenched fists, tightening of facial muscles and moving away from the nurse which give clues that patient is feeling threatened and may get aggressive so that to perform early interventions. However, in the above mentioned case rather giving space to patient the nurse was holding patient’s hand and pushing her in the bathroom to change her clothes. Moreover, nurse’s expressions were threatening to the patient which was showing unwillingness to help. Finally comes evaluation phase, it is important that nurse must evaluate that patient has maintained control over aggressive feeling, thoughts, behavior and actions. Lastly, before discontinuing the intervention let patient know that which behavior is acceptable and how to control over there aggression. Along with the above mentioned interventions one of the important strategies is that nurse should behave in an assertive manner. The midpoint of the continuum which runs from passive behavior to aggression is assertive behavior. According to Stuart (2009) “assertive behavior conveys a sense of self-awareness but also communicates respect for other person.” (p.574). Moreover, assertive people always speak clearly and conspicuously. There gestures are non-threatening and they maintain appropriate eye-contact and respects personal space. Furthermore, assertiveness helps people in refusing an irrational request. However, they always give justification for particular action. If I reflect back that situation the nurse was continuously asking patient to wear hospital clothes without providing sound rationale. Rather being assertive nurse was behaving rude to patient. There was one research study done in Pakistan in year 2006 by Iqbal, Naqvi, and Siddiqui which aimed to study the inpatient violence in psychiatric patients and its management. The study concluded that out of 393 patients, in most of the cases (14%) physical restraints and seclusions are used to control aggressive situation or sometimes it is done with the combination of chemical restrains like heloperidole and benzodiazepines which estimated (44%). Though, there is a high risk of abuse attached with physical restraints. However, authors have not given other methods to control aggressive and violent patients like communication skills. Therefore, more researches are needed in Pakistan to apply proper management of aggression in order to enhance patients mental well being. This Scholarly paper proved to be a good learning journey for me; because there were few perceptions which were attached with psychiatric patients, and especially those who are aggressive and violent. This were mostly build when I heard harsh comments in the morning over from nurses that XYZ patient is violent so avoid going in there rooms, they are dramatic, they are attention seekers, do not talk to them etc. However, this is not the fact. There must be some bio-psycho-social factors attached behind that aggression. Therefore it is vital for nurse to understand them and intervene accordingly. Moreover I explored new scope of therapeutic communication specifically with aggressive patients as a health promoting practice. Although I was not able to apply nursing process mentioned above but this would defiantly help me whenever I will deal with aggressive patients. In addition, for the first time I learned about the psychiatric advance directive which was previously not known to me. This is one of the strategies which could assist the patient when they are unable to participate in their treatment decision. In recommendation, I would like to highlight that nurses working in the psychiatric ward should be competent in dealing with psychiatric patients. Nau, Dassen, Halfens, Needham 2007 suggested that psychiatric ward nurses should be able to detect and remove causes of aggression, to interpret aggressive situations correctly, to de-escalate and to cope with their own perceived stress. This can be only done If there are proper training programs arranged which increases awareness, enhance self confidence in dealing with aggressive patients rather ignoring or blaming them, strategies to cope in appropriate manner via communication skills like assertiveness and empathy. Moreover, there should be a safety policy in hospital for patients and staff who deal with aggressive clients and proper ordinance guidelines, unfortunately mental health ordinance for Pakistan 2001given by president muhammad rafiq tarar does not addressed the issue of managing aggressive clients without using physical and chemical restraints. In conclusion, I would like to say that the nurses are in best position to bring about a transition in traditional forms of practices. To conclude the scenario of above mentioned patient, I think it was a nurse responsibility to oblige by patient’s will. Therefore, nurse should not have forced the patient to change her clothes or threat her because this act of the nurse increased patient’s aggression. Rather, behaving in calm, soft, non-judgmental manner. Nurse should also have heard the patient concerns and given space to patient so as to avoid physical violence. However, communication is building block for the therapeutic relationship. Therefore, in order to intervene effectively in controlling patient’s aggression the nurse should use proper verbal and non-verbal communication techniques.
advantages and disadvantages of its exchange rate regime. I don’t understand this Economics question and need help to study.

Select a country of your choice and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of its exchange rate regime. Did the country have another regime prior to its present regime? If so, which one had better success? If not, what could the country do to improve the regime? Explain your reasoning.

Embed course material concepts, principles, and theories, which require supporting citations along with at least one scholarly, peer-reviewed reference in supporting your answer unless the discussion calls for more. Keep in mind that these scholarly references can be found in the Saudi Digital Library by conducting an advanced search specific to scholarly references.
You are required to reply to at least two peer discussion question post answers to this weekly discussion question and/or your instructor’s response to your posting. These post replies need to be substantial and constructive in nature. They should add to the content of the post and evaluate/analyze that post answer. Normal course dialogue doesn’t fulfill these two peer replies but is expected throughout the course. Answering all course questions is also required.

advantages and disadvantages of its exchange rate regime

Early attachment relationships affect on young children

Early attachment relationships affect on young children. The study of child development is a complex undertaking. As with any study of human interaction, the examination of how children form intimate relationships in their formative years raises concerted argument and debate. In sociological terms it has long been accepted that the social relationships which one forges from an early age directly serve to affect development in adolescence and adulthood (Berk, 2008). However, given that young children are often unable to accurately describe or explain their feelings and sentiments’, then proffering supportable assumptions regarding childhood relationships is a relatively irksome task. Nonetheless, although the study of childhood development engenders considerable protraction, numerous theories have been offered. One such theory established and developed by John Bowlby centres on the idea of attachment. Indeed, Bowlby’s attachment theory now serves as a central thesis in the ongoing debate over childhood development (Mercer, 2006). Given the above, the purpose of this work is to critically assess the degree to which early attachment affects children’s later outcomes in terms of engendering positive ideas about themselves and those around them. Such assessment will require a detailed analysis of Bowlby’s attachment theory and the extent to which this theoretical prescription allows one to offer effective practical judgements. It will be shown that attachment can be utilised as a very effective way of conceptualising relationship formation in children. As such, it can be argued that attachment relationships directly serve to affect children capacity to develop positive ideas in later life. In addition to Bowlby’s assessment, other similar outlooks will also be addressed including those offered by Freud and Eriskson. However, a degree of comparative assessment is clearly required. As such, this work will also offer reference to other theoretical outlooks on child development such as those proffered by Plaget and Bruner. The primary tenet of attachment theory is that young children need to develop a close attachment with at least one adult in order for effective personal development to occur (Brooker, 2008). Generally this attachment occurs with one or both parents; however parental attachment is not exclusively necessary. Indeed, Bowlby (1969, p. 12) adopts the term “caregiver’ as a means of defining the role of the adult in the attachment and development process. Bowlby suggests that children in infantile years seek proximity with a caregiver. This proximity is particularly prevalent during times of stress and generally occurs between the ages of six months and two years. Towards the end of this period children develop close attachment ties with the caregiver on the basis of the proximity and closeness that has been present during times of difficulty (Bowlby, 1969). From this foundation, models of development can be derived which directly serve to impact upon the assumptions, opinions and feelings of the child. As such, although Bowlby’s analysis does involve a strong element of psychoanalytical assessment, the central emphasis is placed on early social relationships with adults in a close proximity. Furthermore, attachment theory also relies heavily on concepts relating to evolutionary biology, leading Bowlby to argue that childhood behaviour in the early stages of development could in some measure be attributed to evolution within a specific social setting (GrossmanEarly attachment relationships affect on young children

HSA 315 SU Wk 5 Information Technology Plan and Implementation Discussion

assignment writing services HSA 315 SU Wk 5 Information Technology Plan and Implementation Discussion.

Discussion 1:“Three key components of the strategic IT plan”When planning for implementation of a health IT system or change, what are three (3) key components of the strategic IT plan?What are the roles of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Chief Information Officer (CIO), and data analyst?How does the health care administrator budget for IT projects?What factors should be considered during the budgeting process?How should resources be allocated to support the project?How would the health care administrator collaborate with the CFO to properly fund the project? Discussion 2:“The Use of Technology and improving health care.”How does the use of technology improve the overall quality, safety, and efficiency of health care delivery?How does technology and health IT contribute to data monitoring, predictive analytics, and performance improvement (decreased errors, better clinical and organizational outcomes, and better information quality)?What are some of the ways that health care administrators can facilitate/support/improve data and information quality, and decrease data and information errors? Provide two (2) specific examples.Discussion 3:”Health care Administrator functions within system implementation. “a) A health care administrator is a leader and manager. When implementing a health care information system, what are two (2) management functions of the health care administrator?What are two (2) leadership functions of the health care administrator?Explain the functions that you choose and their importance to the success of the implementation.b) In your opinion, what are the two (2) worst things that can happen to negatively impact a system implementation process?Provide a rationale for your choices.Suggest how you would mitigate those risks.How does the health care administrator plan ahead to ensure that a facility or department maintains effective operation during a systems implementation/update?Support your responses with reputable sources.
HSA 315 SU Wk 5 Information Technology Plan and Implementation Discussion

Art, Music, and Creative Writing homework help

Art, Music, and Creative Writing homework help. C‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌reate an evidence-based, patient-centered concept map that illustrates an individualized approach to patient care, based on a patient case file of your choice. Apply evidence-based  practice a key skill in the toolkit of the master’s-prepared nurse., Apply evidence-based practice to plan patient-centered care,C‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌reate an evidence-based, patient-centered concept map that illustrates an individualized approach to patient care, based on a patient case file of your choice.,Evidence-based practice is a key skill in the toolkit of the master’s-prepared nurse. Its goal is to ensure that health care practitioners are using the best available evidence to ensure that patients are receiving the best care possible (Godshall, M., 2015.). In essence, evidence-based practice is all about ensuring quality care. Show Less?,In this assessment, you have an opportunity to apply evidence-based practice and personalized care concepts to ensure quality care and improve the health of a single patient. Apply evidence-based practice.,By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your ,proficiency, in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:,Competency,1: Apply evidence-based practice to plan patient-centered care. ?,Analyze the needs of a patient, and those of their family, with regard to how they will influence a patient-centered concept map. ?2.Design an individualized, patient-centered concept map.,Based upon the best available evidence for treating a patient’s specific health, economic, and cultural needs. •Competency,3: Evaluate outcomes of evidence-based interventions. ?,Propose relevant and measurable criteria for evaluating the outcomes of a patient-centered concept map. •Competency,4: Evaluate the value and relative weight of available evidence upon which to make a clinical decision. ?,Justify the value and relevance of evidence used as the basis of a patient-centered concept map. •Competency,5: Synthesize evidence-based practice and academic research to communicate effective solutions. ?,Develop a strategy for communicating with patients and their families in an ethical, culturally sensitive, and inclusive way. ?,Integrate relevant and credible sources of evidence to support assertions, correctly formatting citations and references using APA style. Reference Godshall, M. (2015).,Fast facts for evidence-based practice in nursing: Implementing EBP in a nutshell (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company As you prepare to complete this assessment, you may want to think about other related issues to deepen your understanding or broaden your viewpoint.,Address any health concerns other than those for which the patient was seeking care? ?,Consider the patient’s economic and daily environmental circumstances? ?,Consider any ethical issues inherent in working with the patient?,Firstly, What might you have done differently, if you could revisit that patient’s case?,Secondly, What evidence supported your original course of action?,Thirdly, What evidence would you present to support an alternative course of action, if you could revisit that patient’s case?,In addition, Preparation You have been presented with a number of patient case files in the Evidence-Based Patient-Centered Care media piece.,You reviewed each case, selected one case for further research, and created draft evidence-based concept map to illustrate an approach to individualized care for the patient.,In this assessment, you will build upon and refine your draft concept map and develop a supporting narrative. Create your concept map and narrative as separate documents.,Be sure to note the areas where you need to include your evidence-based support and where you need to make clear your strategies for communicating information to the patient and the patient’s family.,Note: Many organizations use the spider style of concept maps (see the Taylor & Littleton-Kearney article for an example).,Also, if a specific style of concept map is used in your current care setting, you may use it in this assessment.,Create your concept‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌ map and narrative as separate documents.,Be sure to note the areas where you need to include your evidence-based support and where you need to make clear your strategies for communicating information to the patient and the patient’s family.,Requirements Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide, so be sure to address each point.,In addition, you may want to review the performance level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.,Supporting Evidence and APA Style Integrate relevant evidence from 3–5 current scholarly or professional sources to support your assertions.,Referencing,Firstly, apply correct APA formatting to all in-text citations and references.,Also, attach a reference list to your narrative. Concept Map,In addition, develop a concept map for the individual patient, based upon the best available evidence for treating your patient’s health, economic, and cultural needs. Narrative Develop a narrative (2–4 pages) for your concept map.,Analyze the needs of your patient and their family, and determine how those needs will influence a patient-centered concept map. ?Consider how your patient’s economic situation and relevant environmental factors may have contributed to your patient’s current condition or affect their future health ?,Consider how your patient’s culture or family should influence your concept map.,Justify the value and relevance of the evidence you used as the basis of your concept map. ?,Explain why your evidence is valuable and relevant to your patient’s case?,Firstly, Propose relevant and measurable criteria for evaluating the degree to which the desired outcomes of your concept map were achieved ?,Secondly, Expound why your proposed criteria are appropriate and useful measures of success.,Thirdly, Explain how you will communicate specific aspects of the concept map to your patient.,In addition, Their family in an ethical, culturally sensitive, and inclusive way. Ensure that your strategies: ?,Also, Promote honest communications. ?,In conclusion, Facilitate sharing only the information you are required and permitted to share. ?Are mindful of your patient’s culture. ?,Consequently, Enable you to make complex medical terms and concepts understandable to your patient and their family.,Regardless of language, disabilities, or level of education. Additional Requirements,•Be sure to include both documents when you submit your assessment https://media.capella.edu/CourseMedia/MSN6011/evidenceBasedPatientCenteredCare/media.asp Required Resources The following resources are required to complete the assessment., ,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Art, Music, and Creative Writing homework help

Themes In The Novel Pride And Prejudice English Literature Essay

The essay is an in depth analysis of themes in the novel Pride and Prejudice. Themes are generally the central ideas of a piece or art be it a book, drawing, film or poems. Usually themes are developed through various ways among them through characters. The novel Pride and Prejudice was written by Austen Jane back in 1813. Generally, the story is told of a Bennet Elizabeth going through a number of issues in life for instance education, marriage among others. The major style used by the author is narrative technique of free indirect speech. Through the various ways of presenting her ideas, readers are able to identify several themes including love reputation, class, and environment playing a part in child upbringing, marriage to mention but a few (Pat 121). Theme of love Austen Jane has been hailed to have written the most cherish literature in regards to love; this can be seen in the courtship of Elizabeth and Darcy. For the two to realize their love, there were numerous things that blocked such desires. The theme of love is depicted to be hand in hand with marriage. It is worth noting that at the opening of the novel, the author says, “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife” (Austen Chapter 1). It is worth noting that during the times of the author marriage was an issue in the society and it is deemed this is what influenced her to write it up in this novel. It is evident that one of the stumbling block was characters’ own qualities, for instance, Elizabeth was proud making her misjudge Darcy as being unfriendly while the later misjudges the former for coming from a poor background. Apparently, the author makes the reader understand that for individuals to realize and capture love, then there is need for both partners to come out of the wrapping effect of social class (Tanvir par. 4). Austen through Elizabeth and Darcy as well as other characters make it evident that true love is what dictates the separation of individuals and the society conquering all the predominant barriers. Additionally, readers also become aware of fake love. This is where characters engage in a marriage relationship for the sake of wealth. This is exemplified by what Lucas Charlotte said of their marriage with Mr. Collin, “I am not romantic you know, I never was, I ask only a comfortable home, and considering Mr. Collin’ character, connections and situation in life, I am convinced that my chance of happiness with him is as fair…” (Austen Chapter 22) Theme of class and economic inequality In the novel, the line between those who have and those who have not are clearly drawn. This is a clear reflection of what was happening in England at the time. Although the Bennet middle class family, they possibly mingled with their counter-parts in upper class. Nonetheless, it is evident that they felt inferior and were indeed treated as such. The issue of class consciousness is shown when Mr. Collins takes most of his time bootlicking those in the upper class- Lady Catherine. Similarly, Darcy is of the opinion that his lineage of dignity to him, on the same line Miss Bingley hates those that are not socially acceptable to her (Pat 45). Individuals also strive to climb the social ladder as shown by Wickham who is ready to go in doing extra ordinary things to acquire social class. However, the novel in a succinct manner proves that through marriage, love as well as happiness brought about by it breaks the chains of social class. There are clear evidences that economic inequality facing women at the time forced them to marry partners that were undesirable so to speak so that they could gain financial security. A typical example of such marriage was between Collin and Lucas Charlotte who was ready to even mess with her own life but be with a rich man who could fulfill her financial needs. This is condemned by the author. It is also financial inequality that makes Mrs. Bennet to arrange suitors to her daughters and one of her daughters, Elizabeth says of her sister Jane, “If Jane should die, it would be comfort to know that it was all in pursuit of Mr. Bingley” (Austen Chapter 7). Theme of morality and reputation In the novel the authors makes it very clear that the reputation especially of a woman count a lot. There are certain ways women are to carry themselves and if they go astray then they are bound to ostracism/exclusion. This is summarized Mary, “Loss of virtue in a female is irretrievable; that one false step involves her in endless ruin; that her reputation is no less brittle than it is beautiful; and that she cannot be too much guarded in her behavior towards the undeserving of the other sex” (Austen Chapter 47) This is exemplified by various female characters. For instance, when Mrs. Bennet behaved in an ill-manner towards Darcy and Bingleys, similarly, the scenario where Elizabeth went to Netherfield and meet Miss Bingley and her friend in a dirty skirt tarnished her reputation. The step taken by Lydia to elope with Wickham then walks away without getting married places her in an ill position in the society (Lombardi par. 2). This might also negatively impact on her sisters as it threatens their quest of finding husbands and might remain unmarried for the rest of their lives. Theme of intellectual pride The book revolves around pride as the characters of the [people is built along this. This is so pronounced in the novel where Darcy alienates himself from other people due to pride. This is seen where he acted so snobbishly with lot f superiority when they encountered for the first time on the ball with Benet leading to them being turned off. In his loving of Elizabeth, Darcy acted so proudly to a point whereby, Elizabeth was disgusted due to his behavior leading her to despise him so much. We see him debasing Elizabeth family so much even after proposing to her for marriage. Nevertheless, to ensure that he wins her love back and marry her, Darcy had to look at her life once again and change her intense pride to ensure that he makes her happy (Catherine, 2005). In addition, there is the intellectual pride that is portrayed by Mr. Benet to Mary who is the sister that he likes mocking around. In the novel Benet makes mockery of Mary by talking to her and saying, “what say you Mary? For you are a young lady of deep reflection I know, and read great books, and makes extracts.” At this point, Mary felt that that was a mockery and felt that she should say something but held her breath knowing that it was not the right time to say it. Out of his pride, he never let Mary to adjust her ideas to respond to him, but suggested that they should go back to Mr. Bigley. Catherine De Bough is seen to be so proud of her elf due to the social status that she is in. she is seen to base her pride in the wealth and the privileges that the wealth bring along with making her overestimate her ability. Her pride show that she is capable of d0oing anything. According to the novel, her pride is shown through the statement that she makes. She says, “There are few people in England, I suppose, who have more true enjoyment of music than me, or a better natural taste. If I had ever learnt, I should have been a great proficient.” That mere pride is not supported by any aspect of her life. Otherwise, no matter the wealth that she has and privileges that the wealth bring along her way, it does not mean that she is capable of doing everything. Her pride is able to drift her to think that her feelings are the only important one. She talks rudely with little or no conscious that she is doing so. She said that, “I have told Miss Bennet several times, that she will never play really well, unless she practices more; and though Mrs. Collins has no instrument, she is very welcome, as I have often told her, to come to Rosings every day, and play on the piano forte in Mrs. Jenison’s room. She would be in nobody’s way, you know, in that part of the house,” (Austen, chapter 35). This showa the level that the Mrs. Catherine had due to the status she had to an extent of the pride being so rooted in her that even by making insensible statement she does not realize she is rude. Theme of prejudice Prejudice has also been very rampant in this book where several people undermine others mostly due to their education and economic status. According to the novel, Elizabeth had some prejudice issues to deal with. Darcy who economically was stable but was constantly hurt by the issue of his prejudice by undermining her family loved her. It took time for Elizabeth to overcome her lover’s prejudices that were always followed with arrogance and snobbery. Elizabeth is portrayed to be very caring and she was hated the things that Darcy said about her family that seemed to be so belittling (Catherine, 2005). The following conversation show the level at which prejudice has been heighted by especially Darcy in the way he gives his regards towards Jane Bennet according to Austen chapter 8, he says; “”I have an excessive regard for Jane Bennet, she is really a very sweet girl, and I wish with all my heart she were well settled. But with such a father and mother, and such low connections, I am afraid there is no chance of it.” “I think I have heard you say, that their uncle is an attorney in Meryton.” “Yes; and they have another, who lives somewhere near Cheapside.” “That is capital,” added her sister, and they both laughed heartily. “If they had uncles enough to fill all Cheapside,” cried Bingley, “it would not make them one jot less agreeable.” “But it must very materially lessen their chance of marrying men of any consideration in the world,” replied Darcy. This conversation shows the level of the prejudice that Darcy had for the lower class people. According to him, the idea of living in Cheapside and Meryton was because of inferiority of the economic status. They really hold them with very low regard. Conclusion The novel has various themes according to the way various readers are able to disseminate the idea that the writer had in mind. Depending with the way the plot has been developed and the conversation that the characters have involved in, the above themes, which are love and marriage, pride, prejudice, social class, and economic inequality and reputation are the most conspicuous through the novel. They may be intertwined but excerpt have been critically examined to get the different meaning, thus diverse themes developed.