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Comedy in Don Quixote college essay help online free US History

The story Don Quixote is a burlesque, mock epic of the romances of chivalry, in which Cervantes teaches the reader the truth by creating laughter that ridicules. Through the protagonist, he succeeds in satirizing Spain’s obsession with the noble knights as being absurdly old fashioned. The dynamics of the comedy in this story are simple, Don Quixote believes the romances he has read and strives to live them out, and it is his actions and the situations that he finds himself in during his adventures that make the reader laugh.

We can define comedy as something that entertains the reader and that makes us want to laugh out loud and Cervantes succeeds in doing this through his use of parody and satire and burlesque, slapstick and simple self-reflexive comedy. To keep the reader entertained, he also uses the shock of the unexpected and creates intervals of lucidity interspersed with insanity in Don Quixote’s character. Cervantes places particular emphasis on the comedy of appearance, comedy of situation and the comedy of action during Don Quixote’s adventures and it is the use of these devices that makes the story so humorous from beginning to end.

The theme of appearance has a very important role from the onset of this story as Cervantes uses it to create a burlesque of chivalry, while also entertaining the reader. The physical appearances of Don Quixote and his horse Rocinante, along with Don Quixote’s outlook on the banal places he encounters during his adventures continuously create grounds for laughter. The description of Don Quixote’s armor makes us laugh – he has altered his helmet by using cardboard as a visor “de cartones hizo un modo de media celada”

This makeshift helmet, which is held together by green ribbons, is ridiculed by Cervantes when Don Quixote refuses to take it off all night at the inn in order to keep it intact “la mas graciosa y estrana figura que se pudiera pensar” The companionship of Don Quixote tells us a great deal about the protagonist. Usually respectful admirers of chivalry accompany a knight-errant, however, Don Quixote has chosen a squire that is garrulous, ignorant, unhappily married and greedy. He rides a horse that is broken down and described not only as old, but also as “parecia de leno”.

Don Quixote is foolish in trying to mirror the heroic figures from the novels he has read. The reader imagines these figures as young, strong and handsome with an air of chivalry about them, however, in contrast, Don Quixote is described as old and physically unattractive in appearance, and at times he appears indecently dressed which all culminates in a very comical persona. He continuously sees black as white, to him, the banal places and objects of the countryside always seem much more interesting and adventurous than they actually are.

This is best exemplified when he mistakes the windmills for giants and on his arrival at the inn when he convinces himself that he has arrived at a castle “que era un Castillo con sus cuatro torres y…con todos aquellos adherentes que semejantes castillos se pintan. ” The two prostitutes at the door appear to him as beautiful damsels, the innkeeper as a Chatelain, and when offered truchela for dinner by the innkeeper, Don Quixote, thinks he is receiving little trout –food only fit for a knight.

The simple, dynamic comedy in this chapter is very entertaining as we realize how far removed the protagonist is from reality. His active self-delusion is directly linked to his desire to dodge any inconvenient evidence; we see this at the beginning when he convinces himself “sin querer hacer nueva experienca” that the second makeshift helmet he has made will be full and sufficient. It also gives us a split perspective of events, one sane and the other deluded and this serves to highlight his insanity, which in turn intensifies the comicality of his character.

Also, in view of the fact that Cervantes aimed this story to a society obsessed with noble knights, the reader is shocked when we recognize Don Quixote’s deluded state of mind and this, along with his hilarious appearance just serves to further reinforce the humor of the situations that he finds himself in. Consequently, most of the situations that Don Quixote is placed in during his ridiculous quest are excellent examples of slapstick comedy.

The reader is highly entertained by Don Quixote on his adventures during which he implicitly believes that he is like the knights in the novels he has read and so; he logically believes his own fiction. The reader is embarrassed when Don Quixote decides that by choosing a new name for himself, his horse, his lady and his friends that this will suffice in making him a knight. Just like he shaped his own appearance, he chooses his name as “Don Quixote de La Mancha” and this becomes one of the most prominent jokes of the book.

It is a name that is undignified and pretentious but simultaneously amusing because La Mancha is a dry, sparsely populated region of Spain, which is exactly what a knight should avoid. The suffix –ote was considered derogatory at that time and it is even funny sounding. We are skeptical from the very beginning as to whether or not Don Quixote is worthy of the title “Don” and our suspicions are confirmed when he fails to assist people in distress like any good knight should.

It is highly entertaining when Andres specifically asks Don Quixote not to complicate his life with any more of his help “No me socorra ni ayude, sino dejeme con mi desgracia, que no sera tanta, que no sea mayor la que me vendra de su ayuda de vuestra merced” Contrastingly, when Don Quixote is actually needed to help to prevent the innkeeper from being attacked by guests, he does nothing, claiming that he requires permission from the princess before he engages in any adventures.

In this case, Cervantes is deliberately dramatizing the situation to make it seem more humorous and the dubbing of Don Quixote as a knight is a perfect example of comedy through Cervantes’ use of overblown style. Instead of a king or an emperor, it is the innkeeper who arms Don Quixote as a knight and it is not a virgin, but a prostitute, who places the sword on him in the inn. In Spanish lore, inns were renowned as places of ludicrous mishap and thus Cervantes has again created a complete parody of Spanish chivalry considering that all of the circumstances under which he has been dubbed utterly disqualify him as a knight.

The situation is so ridiculous that it is inevitably comic, not only for the reader but also for the women who are in attendance “no fue menester poco para no reventar de risa a cada punto de las ceremonias” These women act similarly to those who are left behind after Andres leaves, who also “tuviesen mucha cuenta con no reirse”. Therefore, in describing the reactions of those who interact with Don Quixote, Cervantes manages to even further enhance the comedy of the situation being described.

In addition to the comedy of appearance and situation in Don Quixote, comedy of the action is also paramount in considering what makes the reader laugh out loud while reading this text. The misadventures of Don Quixote as a burlesque knight-errant provide the reader with several sources of battering-ram comedy throughout the story. When Don Quixote encounters the windmills, his imagination is so vivid that they all appear as evil giants to him.

Even though Sancho tries to dissuade him that they are in fact windmills, it is to no avail and, hilariously, he charges at them in an attempt to kill them “Bien parece que no estas cursado en esto de las aventuras:ellos son gigantes…y voy a entrar con ellos en fiera y desigual batalla” Similarly, in the inn when Don Quixote slays the wineskins while asleep and dressed in a scanty nightshirt, he convinces himself that he has just killed a giant.

Dorotea – Velazquez who takes one look before averting her gaze, enhances the scene’s comicality for us “Dorotea…. no quiso entrar a ver la batalla de su ayudador y de su contrario” The reader finds it funny as we watch Don Quixote trying to live out the chivalric romances that he has read about and it is this simple, dynamic comedy that gives his actions such comic value.

However, just like his appearance, his actions are never truly reflective of a knights’ behavior as they endeavor to perform useful deeds such as helping kings repel invaders and restoring queens to their thrones. In fact, the burlas which form the backbone of the story lead the reader to believe that Don Quixote is in no way deserving of his title as a “Don” because all he does is set prisoners free, attack armies of sheep and bother merchants who are peacefully going out their business with the latter resulting in him getting beaten and left face down in the road.

This burlesque mock epic is dominant in the parody of chivalry and in conveying Don Quixote as an idiotic fool. His foolish nature is also depicted through his relationships with women, which are utterly amusing. He has chosen to love Dulcinea, a peasant girl from Toboso, to whom he has never spoken to but yet he idolizes her as one of the noblest princesses on earth.

Sancho’s view of her is completely contrasting to that of Don Quixote’s and the burlesque comedy is evident in this scene as he praises her for having traits that are not usually associated with Princesses “Se decir que tira tan bien una barra como el mas forzudo zagal de todo el pueblo” This excerpt is quite entertaining because Don Quixote switches from acting like a madman to having lucid intervals and this is mirrored in the word “loco” which seems to change meaning throughout his conversation with Sancho. He wants to use insanity to impress Dulcinea, however, his logic interrupts his ctions and he realizes that he is just pretending to be mad “que volverse loco un caballero….. si en seco hago esto, ? que hiciera en mojado? ”

This is not the first time we have seen Don Quixote speak in a pure, correct and lucid language. When the goatherds can make no sense of his nonsense, Don Quixote’s educated monologue on the charms of the Golden Age fascinate them and. These lucid intervals certainly add a further aspect of comedy to the story as his alternating perspectives on life make the reader laugh.

When we come to the end of the story, we cannot help but feel that Don Quixote has accomplished nothing from his adventures. On the other hand, however, Cervantes has achieved his aim in portraying the foolishness of chivalric traditions in the Middle Ages through his use of several different forms of comedy. Most incidences of comedy in this story are unmistakable in the descriptions of Don Quixote’s appearance, the situations he finds himself in and his actions in his attempt to revive the glory of knighthood.

It is particularly amusing to consider that in this quest, his actions are never actually reflective of a true knight and it is primarily his mishaps, which are sometimes interspersed with moments of lucidity, that enrich Cervantes’ parody on the romances of chivalry. It is the employment of so many different forms of comedy, using simple dynamics, and the way in which this comedy is portrayed that makes this story so humorous.

Leadership, Exam 2 November 11, 2016 Page1 of 3 Please write your

Leadership, Exam 2

November 11, 2016 Page1 of 3

Please write your name on the first sheet & initialize all others:Student Name: ________________________

This is an individual assignment.

Answer all questions succinctly, comprehensively, andlegibly.

Be creative, and present in-depth and clear reasoning. Good Luck, and Have Fun!

Question 1,Jerry Harvey’s Definition of Cheating 5 points

In your own words, explain Jerry Harvey’s Definition of Cheating as it relates to leadership, including the main concepts he mentions. What moral lessons can current and future leaders learn from this article to apply in practice in their organizations? How?

Jack Harvey defines cheating in an unorthodox term that seems to go against the common understanding of the term he sentiments of cheating suggests that cheating is when someone refuses to conform, to a request from a colleague who requires the input of the said person. His reasoning suggests that if someone refuses to give required advice especially in an exam to a colleague in need, which is termed as cheating. To an extent, modern managers should to an extent practice a bit of cheating to help and overcome some of the workplace challenges that may not be overcome in any other way. This is because however ethical being honest may be made to sound; some situations require more creative ways of handling than just telling the absolute truth. It helps prevent a crisis rather than deal with one.


Jerry Harvey’s Definition of Cheating:

Question 2, Dixon’s Theory of Leadership 5 points

Having read Dixon’s chapter 3, The Crimean War, explain what Norman Dixon found in regards to leadership of this military campaign. What lessons can modern leaders draw from this leadership case study?

Dixon theory of leadership argues that there is a pattern to inept generalship, a pattern he locates within the act of creating armies in the first place. In his view this produces a leveling down in human capabilities that encourages the mediocre and limits the gifted. A classic study of military leadership and incompetence which is both a original exploration of infamous modern battles and an essential guide for the next generation of military leadership.

Modern military leaders should understand the importance of flexibility, initiative and feedback. This is vital especially where communications are unreliable and information is of questionable accuracy. There is importance of innovation, technology and ability to adapt to rapidly changing situations.

Dixon – 3 (large font):

Question 3, Deming’s Theory of Leadership 5 points

Having read Deming’s chapters 1-6, explain Deming’s theory of leadership. What practical ideas could modern leaders apply and use in their organizations? Why?

Edward Deming for his theory of management as exemplified in his 14 points which define how to develop a healthier environment in work place. According to Dr. Deming the best way to view an organization is to view it as a system. The purpose of the system should be to bring profit to each and every individual in the organization such as shareholders, suppliers, employers, community, customers and the environment. Implementing the system approach would enable the management to view its organization in terms of many internal and external connections and interactions for the business to achieve a positive result.

According to Deming’s theory on leadership, modern leaders should create a constancy of purpose to continue improving the product and service, adopt new philosophies, cease dependence on mass inspection, build quality along with price and improve constantly every process planning, instituting modern methods of training on-the-job, including management. Adopting and instituting leadership aimed to help people to do better, drive out fear and encourage an effective two way communication. This is for breaking down the barriers between departments and staff areas, eliminating the exhortations for the work force.

Extra Credit Only. Management, Leadership, and Authority: discretionary points

The CEO is both a manager and a leader. However, his or her leadership skills should be applied more since his main job is to oversee operations from all the departments as reported by the company managers. The leadership role is to ensure that he gives proper directions to the team as well as initiate activities that help in promoting the human resource in order to affect productivity positively. His authority should be to issue advice and directives as well as counsel the junior staff on different matters in regard to work. A leader should always be accountable and trustworthy. This is to mean that the people he leads should be able to trust him from their experiences dealing with him in the past. The other managers as well should embrace both leadership traits as well as management capabilities. This is t ensure that there is balance between ideas.

Explicate Stanley Milgram’s findings. Explain and articulate this leadership study and its discoveries (read chapters 1 – 6). What conclusions can you draw of the relationship between Milgram’s findings and the modern organization?

Obedience to Authority book:

Due Monday, December 12, 2016.

Late submissions will not be accepted (University policy).

Copyright © Sergey Ivanov, 2016, [email protected]