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COCC National Consortium on Leadership and Disability for Youth Essay

COCC National Consortium on Leadership and Disability for Youth Essay.

Read the timeline found at (Links to an external site.) .  You may need to read more from the internet on these topics to have the information you need for your response.  Provide a 1-2 page written response (double-spaced, Times New Roman, 12 pt font, 1-inch margins) in which you provide a summary on 3 or 4 of the most interesting events and/or people who helped shape the Disability Rights Movement.  The summary should provide details about (1) how each event and/or person was influential and (2) why you thought it was interesting. Please cite your references using APA style

COCC National Consortium on Leadership and Disability for Youth Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Causes of Youth Violence Effects of Youth Violence Conclusion Reference List Introduction Youth violence is not only a widespread social phenomenon but also a significant health problem. Homicide is the fourth most common cause of death among people aged 10-29 (Golshiri et al., 2018). Apart from this, the experience of violence may lead to other severe mental and physical disorders. Young people can also be involved in the process of violence as perpetrators, which raises the question of their psychological health as well. Youth violence may be viewed as a cruel and harmful behavior “exerted by, or against, children and young people” (Seal and Harris, 2018, p. 23). However, it seems that similar reasons underlie the two sides of youth violence, and thus, their causes and effects may be examined together. This paper attempts to identify the main reasons behind the abuse among young people and its potential consequences for youth and society. Causes of Youth Violence The Background It seems evident that young people are heavily influenced by the community where they have grown up and live. People obtain their values and foundations of the worldview in childhood and adolescence. That is why youth violence can be caused by the background of those who perpetrate or experience abuse. The family has the most substantial impact on the behavior of young people, among other institutions. The family directly relates to youth violence considered as experience. Child abuse is one of the most popular forms of violence against youth. However, it is also clear that family life can lead to acts of violence committed by young people. Bushman et al. (2016) argue that “interparental violence, chaotic family life,” and “inconsistent discipline” are among crucial risk factors of youth violence (p. 21). In other words, young people who were poorly treated in their family or witnessed some cruelty have a higher chance of becoming perpetrators. The neighborhood plays a similar role in the expansion of violence among people. Youth who live in poor areas with high levels of criminality face cruelty and abuse very often, and thus, may be severely influenced by them. Personal Characteristics Although the awareness of a person’s surroundings can help in predicting his or her violent behavior, there are still some other factors that may contribute to youth abuse. It is impossible to omit the fact that the social surrounding does not influence some features of personality. These traits are shared among the perpetrators and include “psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism” (Bushman et al., 2018). All of them are similar in the sense that people who possess them do not think about the feelings of others, and therefore, can sometimes be very violent. Finally, some people may have a mental disorder or congenital propensity for violence. Access to Guns and the Influence of the Media Shooting is one of the most common forms of youth violence, and guns are the primary weapons of perpetrators. Arms allow committing crimes, even those people who are not able to do it in any other way. Thus, even physically weak adolescents have access to a murder weapon. This happens partly due to broad coverage of violence in media. Young people hear about numerous acts of violence daily, and this news may serve as an inspiration for them. This news covers not only particular acts of violence committed by youth but also wars and armed conflicts. It seems that even aggressive sports may be a reason for young people’s vicious behavior. The ideas of dominance and brute force are rather popular with the media these days (Bushman et al., 2018). In this context, the media is also an essential boost to youth violence. Effects of Youth Violence Extension of Violence It is an undeniable fact that violence only leads to more violence. According to Lovegrove and Cornell (2016), those young people who were involved in some act of violence “have a higher likelihood of engaging in other forms of problem behavior” (p. 6). This means that if some person committed a crime during his or her adolescence, there is a probability that they will be involved in more severe crimes in the future. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the experience of violence in adolescence can also be a reason for delinquent behavior in adulthood. Those who have been bullied or rejected in their schoolyears have a high chance of becoming perpetrators of abuse when they grow up (Bushman et al., 2016). Thus, both perpetrators and victims disseminate violence across society. Health Problems It was already mentioned above that youth violence is a significant health problem. It is clear that those people who experienced abuse suffer most of all. For instance, if a person was bullied in school, it can result in him or her experiencing psychological trauma for the rest of their life. Victimization may cause addiction to tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs (Lovegrove and Cornell, 2016). Thus, victimized people might become ill both mentally and physically. This example shows the consequences of non-fatal youth violence. The effects of abuse, which leads to someone’s death, are somewhat visible and even worse than in the case of non-fatal victimization. On the other hand, it seems that young people who acted as perpetrators may also have health and mental problems due to their experience of violence. Some people may never regret harming others, but those who will repent their violent behavior are likely to suffer from it as well. This burden can be especially hard if they committed some severe crime, and nobody knew about it. One can imagine a person who participated in bullying, which resulted in the death of the victim. If nobody revealed that this person was guilty of this crime, he or she would have to keep it to themselves to the end of days. If this person starts feeling sorry for this crime one day, he or she can, therefore, experience some serious psychological problems. The same as in the previous case, this person might become addicted to alcohol and drugs. Overall, it can be seen that the mental and physical health of both perpetrators and victims can be damaged by youth violence. Conclusion Even though youth violence can be viewed differently – as perpetration and as an experience of being victimized – some fundamental causes and effects of this phenomenon still exist. Young people who commit acts of violence are strongly influenced by their background, personal traits, access to guns, and the coverage of abuse in the media. At the same time, these reasons also apply to the youth who experienced violence. The two main effects of youth violence are the dissemination of abuse across social and health problems of perpetrators and victims. As can be seen, youth violence is a serious health and social issue which affects the whole society. Reference List Bushman, B.J. et al. (2016) ‘Youth violence: what we know and what we need to know’, American Psychologist, 71(1), pp. 17-39. Golshiri, P. et al. (2018) ‘Youth violence and related risk factors: a cross-sectional study in 2800 adolescents’, Advanced Biomedical Research 7(138), pp. 1-8, doi: 10.4103/abr.abr_137_18 We will write a custom Essay on The Main Causes and Effects of Youth Violence specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lovegrove, P.J. and Cornell, D.G. (2016) ‘Patterns of bullying and victimization associated with other problem behaviors among high school students: a conditional latent class approach’, in Taylor, T. (ed.) Youth violence prevention. London: Routledge, pp. 5-22. Seal, M. and Harris, P. (2016) Responding to youth violence through youth work. Bristol: Policy Press.
Valhalla High School Items That Describe Me Speech Paper.

I have chosen the gold glitter because: 
– I love making people I know/friends/family/strangers feel better about themselves.
– I always make sure that I am very warm and kind to every person I meet because I never know what is going on in their life.
– The worst days I have had have always been brightened by an act of kindness from someone
– I am the type of friend that would help you at 4 am if you needed advice or a shoulder to cry on
– I also love to encourage my friends and brighten their day by complimenting them from the heart and spreading positivity 
– I love making people feel more confident and comfortable about themselves and I do this through affirmations, words of encouragement, advice
– I will always help a friend out even if it gets repetitive, I love to make people feel like brighter and shine just like glitter
(If you need any more information about this like personal anecdotes, please let me know!)
I have chosen the toy car because (the car symbolizes being driven):
– I have always been very driven to go after whatever it is that I want
– I am very persistent
– One time I ran for ASB president and did not get to be one, and then I ran as a class representative and got the spot
– ^Things like this have happened a lot over high school, interviewing and running to be something and not getting it, but then going for another chance and getting the spot of what fit me even more
– I am driven towards making a difference in myself, my community, etc. I am driven to make people feel better about themselves and get to know who they are from the inside
– I am driven to improve myself every single day such as: getting personal records on workouts, improving my self care, improving the way I speak to others with love and kindness, putting more effort into my plans for a career like (shadowing, asking questions, etc.)
– I am driven in that no matter what struggles may come my way, I always make sure to keep my head up, smile, and keep going.
(If you need any more information about this like personal anecdotes, please let me know!)

I have attached all of the documents needed like instructions and rubrics. Please let me know if you need any other information. Also, this outline cannot be in bullet points. This outline that you make will essentially be a script of what I will be saying. Thank you so much, good luck!
Valhalla High School Items That Describe Me Speech Paper

The Importance Of Reward System Business Essay

An essential part of the process of management is that proper attention be given to the efficient use of resources. In Particular, human resources management is one of the most important parts of management strategies because it plays a significant role in organizations in improving organization performance. In the business area, there are many ways in which employers and managers have sought methods to influence and motivate their employees and it is true to say that in terms of all the techniques and methods available, the remuneration and proper reward payment system, have been widely used in contemporary society. Salaries and wages have been a main concern for every person and they can dominate great part of an individual’s business life. As stated by Hegewisch (as cited in Breadwell and Holden, 1997): “The payment package is one of the most obvious and visible expressions of the employment relationship.” this means that reward is the most efficient way to encourage an employee’s best behaviour and this can be linked to the achievement of an organization’s objectives. In this way, employee motivation is therefore crucial to the success of an organization. From the point of view of employees, they can feel how fairly they are being treated by their company and their feeling is directly related to the effort they put into their work. According to Bowey and Thorpe(1986): “Since employees came to work to earn money, they would work better if they were given more money for better work.” With this theory, money provides the motivation to work. That is the reason why a reward system should be effectively and carefully implemented. This essay will first examine the methods and strategies of reward systems and then evaluate the importance and implications of reward management. – Aims of reward management Historically, the aims of rewards are to motivate and retain people. While basic annual salaries play a role in attracting people to companies, rewards in the form of financial and non-financial payment keep them there. The aims of reward management can be divided into two distinctive parts; one is “participation of organization” and another is “performance in organization” (Steers and Forter, 1991). Firstly, the notion of “participation” means to make employees getting a sense of belonging and becoming a member of organization, by feeling of part of community, they can not only develop a desire to stay for a long time as a member of an organization but also devote great effort to their work. Thus, rewards can attract people to join an organization and encourage behaviour that contributes to the achievement of an organization’s objectives. Therefore, one of aims of the reward management is to give employees a sense of belonging and motivate their attendance. Secondly, the notion of “performance” means that reward systems are generally designed to fit for an employee’s performance. To be general, employers seek to use rewards to dominate an employee’s behaviour and to increase productivity. In this sense, employers have minimal expectations for each employee. Thus, when employees reach an expected level of job performance, an organization will pay attention to them and give them proper reward. Furthermore, if a reward system is set up fairly and equitably, most individuals in the organization will make greater efforts for companies. â…¡. Types of reward management Rewards provide a special payment for a special activities or results. This is distinct from the general meaning of payment such as wage or salary which fixed payment based on a regular basis. On the other hand, the term of ‘reward’ is used to identify the additional payment related to performance or job skill. This concept of reward can be generally classified as intrinsic and extrinsic according to the aspects. Intrinsic rewards are provided by oneself as a result of performing tasks (Beardwell and Holden, 1997). Examples of such factors are a sense of accomplishment, increased responsibility and autonomy, a belief of individuals that they are a valuable member of team and so on. However, extrinsic rewards are provided for individuals by someone else. These extrinsic rewards including financial and non-financial payment can be composed of some elements from those shown in Figure 1. All of these rewards are designed to motivate employees to achieve a higher level of performance. Financial Bonus Rewards for successful performance which are related to the results obtained Incentive Payments linked to the achievement of previously setting targets Commission A special form of incentive in which payments to sales representatives are made on the basis of a percentage of the sales value they generated Non-financial Promotion An advancement of an employee’s rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system. Promotion may be an employee’s reward for good performance Praise It includes autonomy in decision making and competency of authorize. Figure 1. The elements of extrinsic rewards Source: Armstrong(2001), A handbook of human resource management practice – Example of financial reward: Case of AVIVA Aviva is one of the leading insurance companies in the world. Furthermore, they have a well equipped reward system. Recently, Aviva start a new reward system which is called the “peer recognition scheme”. In this system, staff can nominate colleagues for additional bonuses to praise their efforts. According to report, this system will be run through a website enabling the company’s 22,000 UK-based staff to send e-cards to colleagues and put forward individuals and teams for rewards. Nominations will then be submitted to line managers who can then decide what level of reward the employee deserves. They will then award an appropriate number of points to the staff member, who can select his or her own rewards. (Source : www., Woods. 2009) – Importance of balance with two types of rewards When behavior is intrinsically motivated, an individual’s perceived locus of causality is thought to be internal; that is, individuals feel that task accomplishment is under their own control….when individuals receive extrinsic rewards for task behavior, they will perceive their locus of causality to be external and will engage in those activities only when they believe that extrinsic rewards will be forthcoming As can be seen the states of Steers and Porter(1991), when individuals are motivated by internal factors, they can obtain self-satisfaction and the fact that they can complete the missions and tasks gives them self-confidence. However, this is insufficient to motivate employees because this kind of intrinsic satisfaction leads to a shift from internal to external rewards. Because, the results or outcomes make employees believe in and this leads to reasonable rewards for their performance. Thus, the balance of rewards is crucial in reward management. This is the reason why companies or employers focus primarily on extrinsic rewards. If these two intrinsic and extrinsic rewards are combined well, it can be useful tool in managing an individual’s job performance. â…¢. Designing the reward systems and strategies – Payment by results This is directly related to performance which is the second aim of reward. This strategy begins with the simple concept that all rewards are based on individual’s performance results. Beardwell and Holden(1994) state that the system of payment by result is based on the principle of scientific management and tasks which could be measured by standard assessment. In this same context, employees also have a belief that if they produce an average rate of outcomes they will expect to receive their normal payment while if their outcomes are above the average level they believe that they will receive a bonus or other kinds of rewards. Because they produce more result than other colleagues or an employer’s expectations. According to Steers and Porter(1991), an individual’s motivation to behave in a certain way is greatest when he or she believes that their behaviour will lead to certain rewards. In this way, the method of payment by result is the most prompt and efficient way to motivate employees. – Focus on enhancing employees job skills This strategy related on intrinsic motivation. Rewards systems can be used as tools to employees not just only to motivate them to achieve for better results but also so that they can develop their job skills. Thus, this could be another significant strategy in setting up a rewards system. Reward systems are often designed so that pay higher at challenging tasks than normal tasks. In this sense, individuals make considerable efforts to achieve more bonuses. Torrington and Hall(1987) claim that, “Employees who see the incentive scheme as an opportunity to wrest control of their personal activities which provide little intrinsic satisfaction.” These days, many companies have designed reward system targets for an employee’s skill-development. However, this reward system may not always bring positive effects in organizations for example, when employees pursue only their own interests the organization’s objectives would be a low priority for them. – Importance of consultation in reward system Lawler and Bullock 1978 (as cited in Steers and Porte, 1991) following research into remuneration systems in the USA remarked that ‘Most approaches to changing pay systems are top-down; they assume that people above those on the pay scheme should make the decision. What about letting the people who will be affected by the plan be a fundamental part of the decision?’ When creating a reward system or changing the design of reward system, the first thing to consider is cooperation between employer and employees. Historically, reward system has functioned as on an employer’s behaviour management side, but actually this is for employees. Vroom and Yetton (as cited in Breadwell and Holden, 1997) suggested that participation and cooperation in the design of payment systems leads to a greater understanding of their workings and the need for their introduction. There are some considerations when making the reward system. – Equity and Comparability Employees want to be financially rewarded for producing a certain outcome and they want to be fairly treated. Furthermore, they want to receive proper rewards for their inputs which include effort, job skills and so on. If they do not receive suitable treatments or rewards, the individual will take actions for instance they may ask for promotion or attempt to reduce their effort for their duties. Beardwell and Holden(1994) make a distinction in terms of equity. They divide it as two types of criteria. • Internal criteria is the assessment of pay within an organization which relies on the relationship between colleagues or employee-employer • External criteria is the assessment of pay by comparison with the incomes of outside of the company’s individuals or other organizations Therefore, there are many possibilities which can generate conflicts in the reward system and these conflicts can be directly related to outcomes and an organization’s productivity. Thus it is necessary to adopt a careful approach whenever evaluating job performance. â…£. Example of reward strategy – Case of SAMSUNG The two principle factors of management system in SAMSUNG are ‘competitiveness’ and ‘reward’. SAMSUNG adopted a result-based reward system, which has differences in promotion and other benefits for their employees according to performance results. However, the majority of employees in SAMSUNG do not have any complaints about distinctions which are created by the result from an individual’s effort on tasks. Because, they believe that these distinctions can stimulate job performance such as a wish to achieve a task, encourage of challenging and lead to improve of productivity. Moreover, clear goals and the opportunities to achieve these goals are given to employees. These features together with reasonable reward system raise a company’s competitiveness in the world market. – Structure of reward system • The basic annual salary in SAMSUNG accounts for about 50 to 60 percents of total annual salary • A large range of incentives and other rewards represent important part of an individual’s total wage. – Features of rewards • Annual salary: This is decided by the present year’s result of assessment regardless of the previous year’s salary • PI (Productive incentive): This is given when departments or individuals achieve their goals, up to 300% of the monthly wage; • PS (Profit sharing): Redistribution of excess profits, this is given when departments or individuals exceed their goals, up to 50% of total salary; • Non- Financial incentive: Promotion and other benefit programmes (source: Ga, J. S.(2007), The monthly Rodong bubryul) â…¤. Conclusion This essay has evaluated the reward systems and highlighted the importance of reward management. As discussed above, payment including reward and other benefits does not mean simply encourage minimal expectation of employees. This can be basic in organization to attract and retain people. Effective reward management can not only be applied to dominate an individual’s behaviour but also improve an organization’s productivity. Although only few kinds of strategies have been examined in this work, other significant role of reward strategies have also been existed in the business area. There is no perfect system of reward. However, well-designed strategies and appropriate management skill can work in improving the organization’s competitiveness. â…¥. Bibliography Armstrong, M. (2001). A handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page. Bowey, A. M.

HSC 3231 Keiser University Education in Health Care Discussion

nursing essay writing service HSC 3231 Keiser University Education in Health Care Discussion.

Part 1 Discuss and Analyze Summarize the historical foundations for the teaching role of health professionals. For example, what did early healers do? What factors influenced the growth of patient education from the mid-1800s to the 20th century? When was the emphasis placed on education of individual patients rather than general public health information? What does the AHA’s A Patient’s Bill of Rights have to do with patient education? What is the role of the JC in patient education?What is the role of the health professional as an educator? For example, what is their primary role? What skills are needed for a health professional to be a successful educator?To reply to a fellow participantPart 2This week, work together as professionals to discuss and find ways to teach patients and help them find ways to change behaviors in favor of better health. Based on the learning theories discussed in Chapter 3, answer and discuss the following questions:What theories of learning would you use to help patients choose behaviors such as non-smoking and living an active lifestyle?What techniques would you use to help patients remember information?To reply to a fellow participant
HSC 3231 Keiser University Education in Health Care Discussion

2 page body with title and reference page, Article critique for BHR 3301 columbia southern university

2 page body with title and reference page, Article critique for BHR 3301 columbia southern university. I’m studying and need help with a Management question to help me learn.

Use the following link to access the article you will use to conduct an article critique.
Beller, M. D. (2014). Mandated benefits, good or bad? At N.Y. hearing, reviews are mixed. Insurance Advocate, 125(19), 42–43. Retrieved from
After reading the article, compose your critique by addressing the items listed below.
Explain the main topic/question of the article.
Explain and identify mandatory indirect benefits addressed in the article.
Discuss factors to consider in determining how to offer and select benefits according to the article.
Take what you have learned from the unit and article, and apply the concepts to your life by explaining whether you support mandatory indirect benefits and describing how they can affect you.
Your critique should be at least two pages in length, not counting the title page and the references page. The critique should include at least two sources—one being the article and one being another credible source. Be sure that any citations or references are in proper APA format.
Beller, M. D. (2014). Mandated benefits, good or bad? At N.Y. hearing, reviews are mixed. Insurance Advocate, (19). Retrieved from
2 page body with title and reference page, Article critique for BHR 3301 columbia southern university

Auburn University Impact of Global Climate Change in Biology Conservation Questions

Auburn University Impact of Global Climate Change in Biology Conservation Questions.

The Question RubricsIt is absolutely okay to highlight published background remarks (including our textbook information) in your answers. It makes your research more compelling. But, you should also provide your critical thinking as an answer to this assignment. I will thoughtfully look for your critical thinking. Let me give you some thoughts; the excellent way to do this answer is to bridge the secondary readings and references to support your critical arguments and thinking rather than put them alone by themselves. Each short answer is required to have 100-125 words. If you write more than that, I wouldn’t mind reading, but that doesn’t change the point scale.Questions 4.2 and 4.4 are exceptional concerning word count.Insert the question in front of every answer (MUST)Employ both 1) pieces of knowledge of your thoughts and 2) background reading data with proper citation.Each answer worth 5 points (5X5=25)The main title page is required (MUST)Citations & References: You are required to provide at least one reference to each answer in MLA Style.Please don’t send me the complete website address. You got covert the website into MLA. Study the MLA format on the web. If you quote, it should be cited correctly in the main text and provide the reference under every answer, which gives me a clear understanding of your researchAnswer Format:Answer four questions (4X25=100)Font: Times New RomanFont Size: 12Images are welcomeMargin: 1 inch all sidesThe page number is required (MUST)Upload the ONLY word document because I need to provide comments and suggestions. If I receive a PDF, 10 points will be reduced. Late submission: will lose 10 points each day.If plagiarism is found more than 20 percent, in any answer(s), point reduction will take place. This is the instructor’s subjective decision. Question-1: (5X5=25 points)1.1 Global Climate Change and Biology Conservation1.2 Chlorofluorocarbons and Climate Change1.3 Arctic Sea Ice Disappearing and Ecosystem Change1.4 Global Annual Mean Temperature Rises and Terrestrial Biodiversity Impact1.5 Populations, Species, and Ecosystems Association and Climatic ConditionsQuestion-2: (5X5=25 points)2.1 Conservation Challenges of Endangered Species2.2 The Status Quo of Bengal Tiger and Conservation Measures 2.3 Primary forests are irreplaceable vs. sustaining tropical biodiversity2.4 Illegal wildlife trade and Mitigation Measures2.5 Biodiversity HotspotsQuestion-3: (5X5=25 points)3.1 Superfund Site and Terrestrial Life3.2 Geographic Information Systems and Impact of Conservation of Biology3.3 Ecological Restoration3.4 Habitat Fragmentation and Amazon3.5 Environmental Impacts and Deep-Water Oil and Gas DrillQuestion-4: (5X5=25 points) 4.1 Extinctions and Prevention Methods4.2 Using Figure 13.3, Provide 5 Countries Names for the 5 Different Map LegendsUnder the 10% Target10% – 25%25% – 50%50% – 100%Not considered forested (Under 0.1% forest cover4.3 Miss-Managed Development Programs and Habitat Destruction4.4 Using Figure 11.1, Write 5 Common Statements of Global Geographic Regions concerning Biodiversity Conservation4.5 Identify 5 Constructive Current Biodiversity Conservation Challenges and 5 Future Directions / Strategies.
Auburn University Impact of Global Climate Change in Biology Conservation Questions