Boyz N’ The Hood- 1991 John SingletonConsidering that this is the final writing assignment, you will want to review all previous class materials, including all chapters read and discussion board responses. You are encouraged to incorporate writing from your Week 2 and Week 3 assignments only after you have reflected on your instructor’s feedback and revised the relevant parts of the essays accordingly. Refer back to the outline template in the Week 4 Learning Activity. However, you must also consider the broader requirements and context of this assignment when integrating previous work; you cannot simply cut and paste material in but may use it as a building block to make a new comprehensive whole.Throughout this course, you have written essays and participated in discussion forums in an effort to analyze various elements of film, using different theoretical lenses. This Final Film Analysis is your opportunity to combine those elements into a comprehensive analysis of one movie.Your paper should be organized around a thesis statement that clarifies what you will attempt to accomplish in your paper, and how you will proceed. Review the Final Film Critique sample, which provides an example of a well-developed analysis as well as insight on composition.In your paper,Identify your selected film, including writer, director, year of release, and genre.Briefly summarize the film in which you apply your knowledge of the difference between the film’s story and its plot.Describe one of the broad theories you have learned about in class (auteur theory, genre theory, formalist theory) and analyze your selected film through that lens.Evaluate the use of three specific techniques and design elements employed in the film as they contribute to the overarching narrative and theme of the film. This can include elements of mise-en-scène (e.g., lighting, sound, composition of frame, costuming, etc.) and editing (e.g., cuts and transitions, shots used, angles, etc.).Describe the connection between this film and society (i.e., politically or culturally, positive or negative) and draw conclusions about its impact.The Final Film Analysis paperMust be five to six double-spaced pages (1500 to 1800 words) in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.) resource.Must include a separate title page with the following:Title of Your Essay (in bold)Your First and Last NameAshford UniversityCourse Code: Name of Course (e.g., ENG 225: Introduction to Film)Instructor’s nameDue DateMust utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance.Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.Must use at least three scholarly sources in addition to the course text.The Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.To assist you in completing the research required for this assignment, view this Ashford University Library Quick ‘n’ Dirty (Links to an external site.) tutorial, which introduces the Ashford University Library and the research process, and provides some library search tips.
ENG 225 Ashford University Week 5 Boyz N The Hood Film Critique Paper
The Devil Makes Work by Clarke and Critcher | Review
The Devil Makes Work by Clarke and Critcher | Review. In this essay I shall review The devil makes work by Clarke and Critcher. Using wider information I shall evaluate the books strengths and weaknesses and suggest implications for the sociology of leisure. The book deals with the historical development of what we now call leisure. The change from older forms of economic markets to capitalist industrialisation forced a schism in the work/leisure relationship. “The identification of leisure as the sphere in which needs are satisfied and pleasure found simultaneously makes work less susceptible to criticism as unsatisfactory and more salient as that which has to be tolerated to ‘earn’ the freedom of leisure.” This demarcation is seen as the principle victory, in a stream of relatively uncontested battles, of capitalism in regards to leisure. The alienation of labour is made more tolerable by leisure activities and pursuits. Work became a means to an end, leisure. The sphere of leisure offered the ruling classes the opportunity to restrict and control workers lives further, in insidious ways, permeating what was supposed to be ‘free’ time. “If the working class wants alcohol and music, it shall have them – but only to be consumed under certain conditions.” Under the guise of caring for workers needs, and by setting up institutions of leisure, the dominant ruling classes could ensure that time away from work was spent in activities deemed appropriate. The point of this control was to ensure their productivity thus perpetuating the capitalist market. “The establishment of leisure as consumption…has also been of considerable significance.” This was capitalism’s second great victory. The capitalist process, at its most fundamental, is consumption. By turning leisure into a commodity, to be bought, sold and used, revenue could be exploited. The irony and hypocrisy of the sphere of leisure, supposedly free of capitalist ideology, feeding that ideology with new avenues of revenue, production and reproduction, is shown by Clarke and Critcher. The book points out the fallacy of the ‘freedom’ of leisure. “The much vaunted democracy of the market-place rests on the rather less democratic foundations of the profoundly unequal distribution of wealth.” Instead of resistance to the fact that choice is limited, nay controlled, by the market, we, the consumer, value what choices we do have all the more. Choice in leisure is curtailed by social division and unequal distribution. Clarke and Critcher indicate a direct link between the alienation of work, to an alienation of leisure, precisely because they conceptualise leisure as being a by product of what we term as work. Leisure is defined by work, caused by work and needed because of work. Resistance to leisure models is ultimately futile. The market can not completely control how leisure products are used, the young especially tend to use them in ways never envisioned. This would be seen as resistance except, “Such strategies may modify but cannot challenge the market/consumer model. Before we can modify the meaning and use of any commodity, we must first enter the market as consumers to acquire it.” “The major forms and definitions of leisure seem to be changing under the diverse pressures of economic recession and the transition to a post-industrial society.” The piece ends with some predictions. The current (1985) change to a post industrial society would cause mass unemployment. This unemployment would greatly impact leisure, not least because in the capitalist model leisure time is a reward for work, when a person isn’t working they receive fewer rewards. Clarke and Critcher’s work has its place in a continuum of Marxist thought. Simmel stated, “In this context then, the history of forms of leisure is the history of labour … The exhaustion of our mental and physical energies in work lead us to require …leisure.’” These notions support the work of Clarke and Critcher, that leisure is a reward for time spent working. The real purpose of leisure is to repair and relax the worker ready to once more be a useful member of the industrial complex. The ruling Bourgeois idea of leisure, for Veblen, was conspicuous consumption, the ostentatious display of wealth through the purchase of commodities. For Freud, it was, “ Just this ‘objectivity’ which…viewing the individual as…consumer…regarded pleasure as the consequence of possessing valued objects.” Freud depicted the Bourgeois ego as deriving its pleasure from owning commodities. This pleasure was leisure and inexorably, both implicitly and explicitly, the subordinate classes were compelled to adopt this view because, “the ideas of the bourgeois class are the ruling ideas in society.” These notions support Clarke and Critcher’s assumptions. Clarke and Critcher state that their work, “Does not attempt to lay to rest all those complex definitional questions about what is or is not leisure.” Moorhouse raises the very salient point that one could consider it blithely ignorant to conduct research without first defining what it is one is researching. Clarke and Critcher rely on the ‘self evident’ truth of what leisure is. ‘Self evident’ truths are, quite often, less than self evident. They rely on common sense notions, but in this case sense is not necessarily common. For Moorhouse, their treatment of work is crude and their definition of leisure spurious. They refuse “To allow that paid labour can be, for most, a source of satisfaction, purpose, creativity, qualitative experience, and so on.” Classical assumptions of the nature of work and leisure may no longer be sufficient. Clarke and Critcher themselves state that they are writing during a time of transition to ‘post-industrial’ society. If one takes this claim seriously then it has important implications. “The introduction of flexi-time and the development of human relations techniques in management have made the workplace less oppressive and monotonous for many workers…Moreover, technical progress enables paid employment to be conducted from the home.” Technology, in particular that most wide of world webs, has magnified the possibilities of working from home further blurring the lines of what constitutes work and leisure. The dualistic and simplistic account as found in Clarke and Critcher may no longer serve. Their account seems isolated in a very specific moment, a moment of change. As noted above, they attempted predictions. Mass and continued unemployment never occurred and one can question how much this fact weakens the conclusions they derived. Some sociologists see leisure as a site for developing essential social networks, places that maintain and improve cohesion and interaction. If one considers Simmel’s conception that sociability is leisure in its, “Pure form,’ then one might conclude that the development of leisure networks are a ‘morally’ good occurrence that let actors enjoy true or ‘pure’ leisure, pleasure and fun. “Social structure may also be manipulated by the intentional activities of actors.” The Marxist based argument is one sided. The bourgeois are the active oppressors, the working class the submissive victims and there is no room for any real dialogue between worker’s and capitalist ideology.  Also it assumes that capitalist ideology is uniform and coherent. The ideological structure is rarely that simple. Feminist theorists such as Wearing raise the issues of the problem of women’s experiences of leisure. Though raised in Clarke and Crichter’s work, their account does not, perhaps, delve deeply enough into the feminist sociological perspective. The structural and pervasive ideology of Marxism is, in many ways, present in feminist accounts, however particular attention should be paid to the fact that this ideology is exclusively the preserve of men, and is not exclusively economic. Theorists such as Butler indicate the problem of explaining women’s position in society while being forced to use the only language available, the language of masculinity. Still further Collins critiques feminism as the preserve of white women only.. “If one ‘is’ a woman then that is surely not all that one is…gender intersects with racial, class, ethnic, sexual and regional discursively constituted identities.” In conclusion, Critcher and Clarke’s work fits very neatly within Marxist theoretical framework. As such it has the strengths, and indeed weaknesses, of much Marxist and neo-Marxist theory. Using any one methodology can leave a study exposed to accusations of one dimensionalism. This is a charge that can be levelled, probably fairly, at their thesis. Not only this, but the book, timed during a change in leisure practices, is dated and some of its conclusions are clearly inaccurate. Nonetheless that is not to say that the text is of no use as it does represent many of the dominant ideas that course throughout the study of leisure. The best way to proceed is to use all of the implications noted here, and yet others, when investigating the sociology of leisure. Bibliography Leisure for leisure edited by Chris Rojek. Published by Macmillan press 1989 The devil makes work: Leisure in capitalist Britain by J Clarke and C Critcher. Published by Macmillan 1985 Leisure in society, A network structural perspective by Patricia A Stokoswki. Published by Mansell 1994 Ways of Escape by Chris Rojek. Published by Macmillan Press 1993 Leisure and Feminist Theory by B Wearing. Published by Sage 1998 Gender trouble by Judith Butler. Published by Routledge 1999 Black feminist thought by P H Collins. Published by Routledge 1990 The theory of the leisure class by Thorstein Veblen. Published by The new American library 1959 Footnotes  The devil makes work: Leisure in capitalist Britain by J Clarke and C Critcher. Published by Macmillan 1985 p94-95  Ibid p95  Ibid p95  Ibid p96  Ibid p201  Ibid p200  Leisure for leisure edited by Chris Rojek. Published by Macmillan press 1989 p83  The theory of the leisure class by Thorstein Veblen. Published by The new American library 1959  Leisure for leisure edited by Chris Rojek. Published by Macmillan press 1989 p69  Ibid p101  The devil makes work: Leisure in capitalist Britain by J Clarke and C Critcher. Published by Macmillan 1985 pxiii  Leisure for leisure edited by Chris Rojek. Published by Macmillan press 1989  Ibid p25  Ibid p108  Leisure in society, A network structural perspective by Patricia A Stokoswki. Published by Mansell 1994  Leisure for leisure edited by Chris Rojek. Published by Macmillan press 1989 p87  Leisure in society, A network structural perspective by Patricia A Stokoswki. Published by Mansell 1994 p112  At least not in any meaningful way as we have seen in the above example, from Clarke and Critcher, the very entry into the market process taints any action with is ideological stigma.  Leisure and Feminist Theory by B Wearing. Published by Sage 1998  Gender trouble by Judith Butler. Published by Routledge 1999  Black feminist thought by P H Collins. Published by Routledge 1990  Gender trouble by Judith Butler. Published by Routledge 1999 p6 The Devil Makes Work by Clarke and Critcher | Review
Anthropology Asia Is Not One Article Summary
essay writer free Anthropology Asia Is Not One Article Summary.
I’m working on a anthropology report and need a sample draft to help me learn.
Choose an article that you have a personal interest in from a peer reviewed journal such as The Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, The Journal of Asian Studies, The Journal of Contemporary Asia or another journal with my approval. The article must be about a Southeast Asian topic and a minimum of 9-pages of text (this means the 9-pages does not include the title page or the Bibliography pages).Read the article, then summarize and critique it for our class. Did you like the article why or why not? Is it an article that would go well with our course content and if so, what section of the course do you think it would fit the best with?Write 10 True/False or Multiple-choice questions about the article that fairly represents the content of the article. Indicate the correct answer for each question by bolding or highlighting the text, or by including an answer key.You must include in-text citations and a bibliographic reference at the end of your paper. Since your paper only refers to the single article you have chosen to read, the in-text citations may only include page numbers. Remember that ALL information must be referenced with citations, not just direct quotes. In fact, my preference is for you to paraphrase the information in your summary and stay clear of direct quotes. Use Chicago Manual of Style for reference formatting.This is your main written paper for our class, as such it must must be a total of 1,300 words in length and no longer than 1,700 words. The word count includes your questions.
Anthropology Asia Is Not One Article Summary
Privacy in Small and Large Business Essay
Introduction This document tries to look at the issue of privacy in e-business. It looks at both insecure open environment and overly secure environment in doing e-business. Of importance in the discussion are the advantages and disadvantages of the two that will help in weighing and comparing; hence, selecting the best alternative. The whole discussion is about two key areas in doing business; Privacy and security. Sometimes we have invasions to privacy as well as insecurity issues in business. This calls for wise decision in selection. On the other hand, customers complain especially when they have no access to information about the company that they have invested in due to restrictions in the business. This compromises the level of customer service and satisfaction. “Internet users including businesses are apprehensive about privacy and security” (Drumheller, 2008). Although the choice of either insecure open environment or overly secure environment is not simple due to associated advantages and disadvantages of each, businesses must decide to implement an e-commerce platform (Drumheller, 2008). Insecure open environment An insecure open environment ensures availability of services to customers without denial of any kind while paying little attention to security risks. According to Will (2011), insecure open environment allows customers to access information with ease. It does not need one to login first before accessing the information. Strengths and weaknesses Pondent (1999) says that, “businesses that have an online presence, can choose to operate in a secure and open environment, or in an insecure environment”. This means that any decision taken has both its strengths and weaknesses. Insecure open environment has a number of strengths. It gives quality customer service hence, there is satisfaction among them. Corr (1999) compares overly secure environment to shuttering of a shop when customers wants to buy. This implies that an insecure open environment is more customers oriented than the latter. Open environment helps customers in getting services at their own convenient time. Will (2011) supports insecure open environment due to its low implementation costs. In other words, this means minimizing operational expenses hence, more profit to the business; however, insecure open environment posses a lot of risks to the business. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Will (2011), the information can be breached by hackers or even crackers. Corr (1999), emphasizes on the inability for businesses, which operate day and night, to openly deal with security matters. This creates an avenue for fraud. Overly secure environment This kind of environment is restricted to access, whereby transactions are conducted in a secure manner. Data access is confidential and free from outside interception or misuse (Corr, 1999). Strengths and weaknesses It is secure. Corr (1999) talks of security in terms of digital certificates like of authority like ATM cards that verifies the identity of the certificate holder. One must login to access his/her account through the PIN number. Most of these contain owner’s name, key, and expiry date depending on the business. It is disadvantageous in that customers need to establish a login account to access information (Will, 2011). Also the cost of implementing it is higher as compared to insecure open environment. The ethical issues that must be addressed in the selection process are; security. This protects the customers and the business information from misuse. Also privacy is important. Customer’s identification should be a secret. It should remain confidential. Trust is also very important. Customers need to trust their company in the way they conduct their business, and the lastly is the legal requirements (Byron, 2001). Conclusion An overly secure environment is the best. According to Drumheller (2008), “the secure site offers secure communication with its users via encryption, and protects their data via firewalls”. If the only options available are the two discussed above, the secured environment is the better alternative, because of the trust factor with customers, and the obvious security it provides. However, assurances and precautions must be in place when disseminating information between parties in the business to protect them from loss, misuse and/or alterations at all times (Liu
Research Outline for Children of Domestic Violence
Research Outline for Children of Domestic Violence. Paper details Create an outline of the areas of research related to children of domestic violence. For this specific population, you will need to assign an age range to help you analyze their development. The age range of 6-11 years old has been selected for this outline. Find specific information related to the developmental milestones of someone in this stage of life, keeping in mind both the age range of the chosen population and the type of challenge they face. Remember to include physical, cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of development. This research should be presented in an outline format consisting of a minimum of 1 full page. Include any references used to conduct the research in APA format.Research Outline for Children of Domestic Violence