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Climate Change and Renewable Energy Options Essay

Introduction There is a lack of access to energy in most of the world states. This has for quite a long time been the problem to economic development in these world countries. Statistics show that only 31 percent of the Sub-Saharan countries use electricity, with only 10 percent in the rural areas. Besides the energy access challenges, the “traditional biomass” only supplies 85percent of the energy and only 80percent is used in some Asian countries1. With lack of energy access becoming a major concern in the world, there has been concern for the development of required energy security and coming up with ways to supply the energy. The need to adapt to change in climate has been another challenge for sustainable development in the world. Research shows that Asia contributes about 5percent of the “global GHG emissions” but this is however tampered by variations in climate change such as food security, water supply, biodiversity, and diseases brought about by climate2. These challenges of energy and climate change are related and therefore there is concern on the methods which society uses to produce energy, distribute and consume it. Policies related to attain the energy goals through “sustainable” means and through methods that do not consume more carbon are important. Coming up with renewable energy policies and implementing them can be of great help in access to “clean” energy3. Methods of energy production such as coal and fossil emit more carbon other methods such as hydro, bio-energy, wind, PV technology, and solar thermal offer the most available options. The energy and climate policy makers should put more emphasis on doing away with the challenges to renewable energy development through methods such as the ones above. Other methods such as “net metering”, “feed-in tariff”, and “renewable energy portfolio” are put forward to promote less carbon energy consumption ways4. Therefore with more concern in the world on sustainable development, there is need to develop the energy sector and putting more emphasis on renewable energy. Moreover, the policy makers need to know that the relationship between energy security and climate change and methods that are aimed at producing less carbon vital. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Key Drivers of Climate Change Most of the problems experienced in climate change are largely as a result of what happens outside the “sector”5. Factors such as the increase in population, the increase in the human beings’ purchasing power and increase in international trade are putting more pressure on forests. The rise on road networking development has acted as a way to attract more investors in agricultural development and bringing into place new trends in the rural area economic developments. The high demand of forest products and the need for investment in new species of plants have changed the natural sceneries in the rural areas and the general landscape. The rise in deforestation has been accelerated by low wages among the world population, rich soils that encourage other forms of agriculture, and the rise in agricultural prices that encourage people to do away with forests in favour of crops. There is however a need for good governance and clear policies regarding land tenure as these has eased the problem of climate change. However, research shows that even in areas where there is good governance and good policies regarding forestation, the problem of tree cutting in favour of other forms of agriculture has been on the rise. The existence of various classes of world economies in the rural setting and the rise of the middle class economies has put more pressure on environmental services that are highly demanded and the use of forests. In curbing the current trends, the institutions that are concerned with development are playing important roles in such climate change situations. Since policies are often led by “hidden hands” that have seen the rise on the call “economic and social” justice proper allocation of land and creating other forms of employment that can remove the pressure on forests that are as a result of the low income of the world population6. This kind of effect can be helpful than the direct efforts to deal with such problem. The culture of a society also affects the way forests are treated by its people. Changes in the culture of the societies have been beneficial in the rural developments and brought more changes in forestry. They have been interacting with other communities such as the organizations, environmental NGO’s, the governments and other private sectors in encouraging environmental awareness. We will write a custom Essay on Climate Change and Renewable Energy Options specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Demographic Changes There is an increase in the rate of rural to urban migration in recent years due to high level of socioeconomic development, and this has brought about industrialization. However, more people are now employed in the urban towns that make them more Stable and avoid a lot of tree cutting in the rural areas. The rate of population growth in urban areas is expected to rise and this will put more pressure on forests. Rural depopulation is likely to affect climate change in various ways because of the increase in economic “downturn”. Even though most of the people are leaving for the urban centres, there are those that have remained and are low income earners that may be forced to cut down the resources. Moreover, lack of efficient land-tenure systems in the rural areas may motivate the people to cut down the forests. Changes in agriculture due to increase in technology that have paved way for large scale commercial agriculture may lead to clearance of forests and increase of population around the agricultural areas may imply that there would be more clearing of forests. The consequences of climate change as a result of the rural population growth will be dependent on the rural development policy and the form of governance in existence. In cases where there are no proper policies and poor governance, there is the possibility that there will be more clearance of the forest resources. However, there have been cases where high populations have been motivated to invest in forest resources. Nevertheless, factors such as population growth, local migration and the rise of urbanization, and “out migration” have eased rural development changes. These factors have acted in a way that it is easy to manage forests in the rural areas since the pressure on land is reduced being used for agriculture is reduced. Strategies Climate change has become a serious problem in the world today. Even though most countries shall focus on reducing emissions and putting more emphasis on mitigation efforts, there have been more climate change scenarios that are as a result of human beings. There have been concerns in reducing the “greenhouse” gas emissions, and several strategies are in place to help in dealing with the problem of climate change. Addressing the problem of Conversion of forests to other land uses Most countries are now dealing with the problem of conversion of most of their land to other agricultural uses. Most people have for long been forced to clear forests in favour of agricultural use because of the economic crisis. Not sure if you can write a paper on Climate Change and Renewable Energy Options by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There have been measures in place to control this problem and the countries have emphasized and encouraged her citizens that even though achieving food and energy security might be a major concern for most of the people, it is important for the people to know that investing in forests is as important too. This has however, forced many countries to adopt an “integrated” landscape approach in expecting their policies. This ensure that the use of land should not only be for agricultural purposes but considering other values such as the value of other goods and services that come as a result of forest and tree conservation. Clearly, one of the main reasons for forest conversion to agricultural use is for “bio-fuels”. Some governments provide incentives that are adequate to the farmers and this has reduced the problem of conversion of land forests into agricultural purposes. Various National Forest Monitoring Systems The Food Agricultural Organization has put in place a system that monitors, collects, analyses and gives a comprehensive report on the uses of forests in the member countries. This is aimed at managing forests in the most efficient manner. This system is important since it can assess the status of the forests over a period of time so that the organization can know on the way forward regarding the sustainable management of the forests. The statistics provided by this system is vital in knowing how important the forests are to the particular country and their contribution to the countries in achieving their goals and coming up with the required “climate change adoption strategies”7. Alleviating Poverty as proposed by REDD This organization emphasizes on the need to reduce poverty in the world states, improving the leadership in regard to forest conservation, conserving “biodiversity” and the need to provide other services related to the environment. The rate of clearing trees has been on the rise because of the poor economy where people are aiming at using the forest land for agricultural purposes instead of investing in trees for future use which do not seem to come. The organization has encouraged governments that should they control poverty, then the rate of tree clearance shall be minimal. The organization moreover, delivers low emission costs for products at a short time. Therefore in sustainable development the organization has encouraged the countries to be aware that this should start from controlling the way people are living in terms of their economic status. Stressing on the Importance of Forests Forests are important just like investing in the agricultural sector. Some countries are involved in monitoring and care for the forests, have come up with policies that are aimed at rewarding the conservation bodies. There are organizations in various countries that monitor the forests to ensure that are in good health and to see if there is any harm by pets and other diseases. Moreover, countries have ways to implement fire control measures. This ensure that the forests are not tampered with at any point. Several measures related to forest can be understood through “SFM” and the measures insist on the importance of curbing climate change. The measures that are also provided by REDD help in monitoring the forests. Monitoring of forests ensures that the required “interventions” are put in place for the safety of the forests. Low Carbon Growth Increased pressure in the Atmosphere The issue of carbon dioxide cut makes it a problem for the upper atmosphere to “absorb” the greenhouse gases. This is a problem since it cannot be possible to absorb the greenhouse gases without tampering with the ecosystem. The ecosystem is essential for the health of all the human beings and their “welfare”8. Even though the use of technology has enabled human beings to get the resources in the most efficient manner, through the emissions from the greenhouses into the atmosphere but the same technology has not provided the best way to clean up such gases in the atmosphere. The use of natural resources is becoming a major problem in the world and more over the increase of the greenhouse gases because of low carbon dioxide emissions has affected the ecosystem greatly and puts the human life in danger. Energy Conservation Options and Renewable Energy Changing to the renewable energy as an alternative to more efficient energy use is vital. This increases energy efficiency for most industries. Nevertheless, the concept of “source conversion” is important. This concept involves using other sources of fossil fuel consumption that do not pollute the environment and are more cost effective. Moreover, the idea of bio-mass that uses the “agricultural” waste products and wood chips is becoming important and tries to protect the environment9. Energy conservation is an expensive task and therefore encouraging human beings to use electricity in the most efficient manner is important. The concept of turning off lighting systems when they are not needed helps conserve energy. Technology has been on the forefront in addressing the problem of energy conservation and help to deliver the most cost effective energy. The wood chips that come from the process of making timber can be used as a source of energy. Other sources such as cow manure can be important in replacing the fossil fuel. Using local resources such as wind, sun, and river flow most organizations can turn away from the use of fossil fuel that is more costly and adds the problem of environmental pollution. To conserve energy, there are a variety of bio-fuels such as corn, soy diesel, dairy methane, wood chips that have taken the place of gasoline and diesel fuel and are being used in operating vehicles and “heating oil” that is fundament to the vehicle’s equipment operation. Clearly, bio-fuels have an added advantage of not only polluting the environment but also consume less energy. These give the farmers and the foresters an advantage of using a cost-effective product for their routine jobs while being assured of a profit for their daily operation. Through this, they help in improving their lifestyle that further improves the national economy and eradicating the problem of climate change. Renewable energy cannot be exhausted at any point in the process of the human development cycle. These resources further are long lasting and can be “regenerated” through agricultural practices. Moreover, they are environmental friendly, and help in controlling climate change by reducing carbon emissions into the environment. Emissions Trading Scheme The emissions trading scheme is not working at the moment because this is not a real market scenario. The system failed in the first phase because the member states had to allocate the “auctioning” rights free of charge to companies10. Most of the companies that took more permits than they needed sold them for a profit instead. However, this system can be made to work as the objective of this system is to “impose” a given amount of cost on those companies that emit carbon that is enough to invest in new technologies. A stronger commission is needed for the system to work because of the need for low pollution and this should be shown by giving permits to only a small number of companies. This system is still the most widely renowned system that is considered cost-effective by economists and the best way to do away with greenhouse emissions. Since many companies have objected to the trading schemes is a demonstration that this is the best way to achieve the low carbon economy. The current problems associated with this system are such they can be “reformed” and the problems that are coming up make the system to realize its flaws. Reformations The current system is made in a way that there are no “auctioning”. If the permits are given to companies and not auctioned then the system cannot be of any importance. The system needs to be reformed in a way that all the permits are auctioned in the process. Nevertheless, at the moment there are “small installations” in the system. This show that the cost of including such installations could be more costly and make the benefits less. The system needs to be reformed by increasing the “threshold” of such installations11. It is vital for the policy makers to get the exact price allocation since the current economic situation is dynamic. Therefore making several assumptions about the future economic growth would be vital, the future price changes, and the ever dynamic technology over several years would make the system realize its goals. At the moment, the trading system does not cover the big industries involved in the production of chemicals, aluminium and minerals, coal, natural gas leaks and the system need to be reformed to cover all the economies that it does not cover at the moment. Some sections of the economy such as the household sector, the transportation sector, agriculture are not all covered by the system and this makes it not realize its goals. Unlike some of the alternative policies in reducing emissions, the system would be in a serious problem if the price of carbon was traded at a certain level. This is because most companies can opt to trade outside the EU and in the process avoid the system and this would make the system not attain its goal. The System needs to cover such problem. Conclusion With the world seeking ways in which it can handle the energy challenges and dealing with the problem of climate change, technology has been important in offering the alternatives. Clear guidelines on the climate change should be in place for policy makers in the process of enabling the world have access to energy in a cost effective manner and dealing with the problem of climate change. Therefore having clear targets regarding energy development and managing the environment will be important for the future. Renewable energies offer the best solution for energy conservation. The governments also need to design and make sure that the renewable energy development strategies are followed. It is however, clear that most emissions have a direct relationship with energy generation and consumption more so in households and transportation sectors that have not been considered in trying to deal with this problem. Generally, to reduce the emissions it calls for having standards that define given levels of emission that encourage “cleaner” energy supply from the renewable sources12. This would be an important policy especially in African countries. The technological standards are the ones that have been relied relatively to control emissions from the transport sector. This would include increasing the vehicle “mileage” and in the types of fuels. Therefore other environmental policies in place then the problem of climate change would be a problem of the past13. Bibliography Deisendorf, M, “Greenhouse Solutions”: Sustainable Energy, NY, UNSW Press, 2007 Diesendorf, M, Sustainable Energy Futures for Australia in Greenhouse Solutions with Sustainable Energy, UNSW Press, NY, 2007. Diesendorf, M, Greenhouse response in the Energy Sector, NY, Unwin Publishers, 1997. Dow, K.
school age domain. I need support with this Social Science question so I can learn better.

please respond to leah with 150 words

Nutrition is what fuels a child’s body for growth. With genetics and the other factors that tend to have a negative perspective on a child’s nutrition, parents must make sure that what they are feeding their children is the best choice and not just the most convenient. Proper nutrition influences brain development, behavior, and attention span, and it plays a major role in whether a child is at increased risk of obesity, asthma, heart disease, impotence, cancer, blindness, memory loss, and other later-in-life health problems. These websites explain that children should follow a healthy eating pattern that includes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and a variety of proteins. The Healthy Children website explains that the body needs carbs, sugars, fats and sodium, but should be eaten in moderation, as too much can lead to unneeded weight gain and other health problems. The website also adds that females from ages 9-13 should take 1,400-1,600 calories per day and 1,600-2,000 calories for males of the same age group. Although getting a child to eat healthy, regardless of his or her age can be a constant battle, though it’s one well worth fighting. A healthy child becomes a healthy adult, and only with support and guidance a child will be both.
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school age domain

Economics homework help. Practical case: An agreement over independence. In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain. A binding referendum was held, which means that secession took place democratically and in accordance with international law.,In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain,INTRO, In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain. A binding referendum was held, which means that secession took place democratically and in accordance with international law., The Catalan government must now start negotiations with Spain and the European Union in order to settle an agreement that recognizes the new state and opens the door to Catalonia’s eventual membership to the EU., As a member state of the EU, Spain is not obliged to conduct bilateral negotiations with Catalonia, but it is a possibility. In this case, both parties agree to maintain direct conversations before or in parallel to the talks with the EU.,ROLE,Each group is free to choose one party among the three possible: Catalonia, Spain, or the EU. Once decided what role your group plays, your task will be to perform as a diplomat within a negotiations committee.,MISSION,Every group will produce a document outlining a proposal for pre-negotiations. It should look like an official paper issued by diplomatic experts., The initial situation is defined by Spain’s intention of not recognizing Catalonia as a state and blocking its entry to the EU. The Catalan government’s aim is the complete opposite. As for the EU, no official position has been yet adopted.,CONTENT,Here are the main points that must be covered by you proposal:, Firstly,  Background: a brief account on the political and diplomatic situation., Secondly, Preconditions: requirements to start negotiating., Thirdly, Redlines: topics deliberately left out of the conversations., Fourthly, Agenda: issues that will be discussed., Further, Procedure: format of negotiation and composition of delegations., Also, Venue: location where the talks will take place., Additionally, Calendar: date of commencement and possible deadline.,HELP,Documents on-line that you might find useful include the actual ‘Declaration of independence’ issued by the Parliament of Catalonia on 10 October 2017 and the guide ‘Scotland’s future’, produced by the Scottish government prior to the 2014 referendum., The Scottish case is the closest real-life situation to this assignment’s purpose .,Diplomacy | ECLS Campus Madrid, An agreement over independence,ADVICE,Get familiar ,with the EU’s terminology, ―for example, the phases to acquire formal membership: association, application, and accession― in order to use it properly., Avoid expressing your own political ideas. Put on the shoes of the party that your group represents., Keep things simple. After all, your proposal is only the starting point. Pre-negotiation is not the moment to detail every issue in depth or reveal your ‘cards’.,GUIDANCE,Remember that you can ask for guidance at any step of the task by reaching out to me by e-mail. It would be preferable if every group has just one spokesperson, but it is not mandatory.,IMPORTANT,LASTLY, Create a PDF document with your assignment (for content protection) and upload it onto Turnitin. Check out the similarity report., Each group should upload just one document., Word count: 1,500 for each group member,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Economics homework help

Competitive Global Business Environment Business Essay

An organization is a common platform where individuals from different backgrounds come together and work as a collective unit to achieve certain targets and goals (Denison 2000). It contains individuals with different specializations, educational qualifications and work experiences all working towards a common objective. Culture is something which one inherits from the ancestors and it helps to make a distinction between one individual and others. It is termed as culture with the attitude, identify and behavioral patterns by means of governing the way an individual interacts with others (Borwn 1995). Meanwhile, strategic management is the process in which a management team develops a mission and vision, objectives and goals, roles and responsibilities and values which ensure the success of the organization (Marcoulides and Heck 1993). Organizational culture significantly influences the performance of an organization. Furthermore, strategic management helps in making the organizational culture through developing the vision, mission and values (Barney 1986). So the appropriate strategic management would improve the formation of a culture of integrity, competitive work ethic, embracing technology, value creation for customers and shareholders. Organizational culture refers to the beliefs and principles of a particular organization. The organizations follow the culture which has a deep impact on the employees and their relationship amongst themselves. Organizational cultures are special and offer strategic strengths and it makes complete sense that organizations would think about culture in strategic management (Arogyaswamy and Byles 1987). A high-performing team of an organization need consider that has a corporate strategy of providing a fun and people-oriented environment friendly. This would not ally well with a sluggish culture or one with very traditional and employees. Whereas, it is necessary for the company to hire fun, friendly and customer-oriented workers and provide an environment that is fun and rewards great customer-friendly behavior through create unique organizational culture (Kotter and Heskett 1992). There are several factors which affect the organization culture, Firstly and the major factor affecting culture is the employees the organization. The employees are the main assets of an organization and contribute effectively in its successful functioning. It is essential for the employees to be loyal towards the organization and try the best hard in furthering its brand image. The employees in their own way contribute to the culture of the workplace which unites the employees who are otherwise from different back grounds, families and have varied attitudes and mentalities (Sheridan 1992). The culture gives the employees a sense of cooperation and unity at the workplace in an organization. On one hand, the attitudes, mentalities, interests, perception and even the thought process of the employees affect the organization culture. Organizations with majority of encourage healthy and benign competition at the workplace and employees are always on the toes to perform better than the fellow workers (Magee 2002). Every employee understands clearly with his responsibilities, roles and strives hard to accomplish the duties within the desired time frame in accordance with the set guidelines. The new employees also make great efforts to understand the work culture and make the organization a better place to work. It is the culture of the organization which selects the best from each team member. The culture develops a habit in the individuals which makes them successful at the workplace. Starbucks is an example of organizational culture with a people-oriented. The company offers health care and tuition reimbursement benefits to its part-time as well as full-time employees, provides employees above minimum salary and has creative perquisite for instance weekly free coffee for all associates (Denison 2000). As a result of these strategies, the company benefits from a turnover rate lower than the industry average with its own organizational culture. The culture promotes healthy relationship and environment amongst the employees. Secondly, the leadership of organization is the other factor affecting the organizational culture. Organization Culture is the purport of the psychology and attitudes which are communicated by the leadership team to the employees and the ethics, beliefs and values which are incorporated for execution of work and achieved business objectives (Barney 1986). Now that organization culture is connected with internal controls and control environment clearly. It is defined by the leadership of the organization. The chief executive officer is the torch-bearer of organization culture. The vision, mission and strategy communicated by the senior management are the link which holds the organization together and moves everybody in the same direction. Lack of clear direction, frequent and abrupt changes and arbitrary decisions in mission, vision and strategy contribute to the negativity in the organization culture, which also results in varieties of departments having different work cultures and working in a counter-productive manner (Schein 1990). Additionally, business operations also would be impacted directly by effectiveness and efficiency. For example, Larry Page and Sergey Brin who are the leaders of Google Inc still play an active role in the day-to-day affairs. That being said, they have constructed a organizational culture that deeply believes in delegation. Each of employees are encouraged to speak their mind from the first day, and even decisions classically reserved for management that hiring are done through a collaborative process.(Johansson 2010) Thirdly, the team work also affects the culture of the organization. Team work is cooperative and emphasizes cooperation among employees. The organization culture brings all the employees on a common platform. The employees must be treated fairly and no one should feel ignored or left out at the workplace. It is essential for the employees to adjust well in the organization culture for them to deliver as best as they can. In team work organizations, members tend to have more positive relationships with their coworkers and particularly with their managers (Erdogan and Kraimer 2006). For example, the growth in the number of passengers’ flies with Southwest Airlines from 1973 to 2007, southwest surpassed American Airlines as the most flown airline in the USA. Although the price has played a role in this, there is a key piece of their culture and competitive advantage due to emphasis on service. Southwest Airlines fosters a team work culture by cross-training its employees so that they are in a position to help one another when they needed. The company also emphasizes training intact work teams. In Southwest’s selection process, applicants who are not viewed as team players are not hired as employees. (Fathi 2009) The above mentioned three aspects clearly indicate that organization culture has a significant impact on strategic management. Every organization has its particular style of working which often contributes to its culture. The beliefs, principles, ideologies, and values of an organization structure its culture. The culture of the workplace controls the way employees conduct themselves as well as with people outside the organization. The way of employees interact with their workplace is decided the organizational culture. A healthy culture encourages the employees to stay highly motivated and loyal to the management (Arogyaswamy and Byles 1987). The culture of the workplace also goes a long way in facilitating healthy competition at the workplace that makes the individuals a successful professional. Every organization has a particular culture making it different from the other and giving it a sense of direction and it comprises of an omnipresent set of assumptions which is often difficult to fathom and which directs activities with the organization (Sadri and Lees 2001). It is be indispensable for the employees to absorb the culture of their workplace to adjust well. Organizational culture is so impacting it can result in the success or failure of an organization, so a strong organizational culture is one of the most sustainable competitive advantages for a company. It is shared by organizational members, that is, a culture in which most employees in the organization show accordance with reference to the values of the company and the more likely it is to affect the way employees think and behave. For example, cultural values with emphasizing customer service will lead to higher-quality customer service if there is generalized agreement among employees on the importance of customer-service-related values. It is important to realize that a strong culture also serve on an asset or a liability for the organization that is depending on the types of values that are shared. (Yilmaz and Ergun 2008) Therefore, excellent organizational culture can make the relationship between employees and consumers, meanwhile, it also can help employees feel their role of importance and sense of personal responsibility throughout the image of organization, so that employees feel own organization how to communicate with customers, let customers know their kind of feelings, in order to make customer to deepen the organizational good impression and more trust depends on the organization (Sadri and Lees 2001). So any tiny requirements of consumers will feed back to organization as soon as possible, organization according to the original information feedback to improve their products and services, in order to satisfy the needs of customers successfully. This will have a positive cycle development pattern for the organization. (Borwn 1995) In recent society, the advents of the knowledge-based economy era make talents become the key of organizational development. Organizations obtain a large number of outstanding talents, and retain qualified personnel, it is very important to the organizational management, because these are able to promote organization to realize the appreciation of human capital (Yilmaz and Ergun 2008). If only purely monetary reward as a standard, it will only cause employees do not have sense of belonging and frequent job-hopping. The organization can not invest in training of employees, but it will cause negative effect on talented person growth and organizational development. The attraction of talent to the people-oriented corporate culture will be able to be imagined which allows the employees to have a strong sense of belonging and a feeling of self-realization (Sheridan1992). Google is the best company to work for in the world which maintains a democratic and casual environment with resulting in its distinction. The company does not boast a large middle management, and upper management is so hands on, it’s hard to qualify them in a separate classification. Team- work model is made up of members with equal jurisdiction and a certain level of autonomy is maintained. In addition, people-oriented management also takes a good deal of effort to maintain. In order to put into effect it, Google create some unique cultural aspects, including all sorts of sports equipments and leisure facilities and the diversity of food and drinks for all employees. (Johansson 2010) However, positive organization culture is now a prior condition for success rather than a competitive advantage. In the meantime, it allows the hiring and retention of top-quality staff. If the organizational culture in a company is lowering morale, a top-down approach is needed, setting out the vision from the top and demonstrating acceptable behavior (Marcoulides and Heck 1993). Improving workplace culture makes experience of employees happier and this in turn leads to improved profitability, so in the HP (Hewlett Packard) example has a good reflection, HP is encouraged to change its culture because of problems several years ago, the employees were required to formulate three professional and three personal goals each year, and are encouraged to cheer those that achieve them. According to the two years into the program, HP reports no loss in productivity despite staff working shorter hours but there is an increased in staff retention rate. The program has been noted by the extent to which managers put into effect, and modeled it in their personal lives. (Fathi 2009) Furthermore, there are times when a strong culture may not exactly be the culture that is needed when it comes to facing the competitive environment. This is because the organization may have to come up with many innovative ideas in order to face the competition rather than sticking on to the old ways of doing things (Magee 2002). To say, if the people in the organization are completely following the values and beliefs of the existing culture when it comes to achieving the goals, then they obviously lack the opportunities to think in a much creative or innovative way in order to come up with unique solutions or ideas to face the ever changing competitive environment. Haier Group is an example that’s the core of organization culture is innovation. It is gradually formed and generated the unique cultural system in the course of development of Haier Group. Haier culture takes the concept innovation as the pilot, the strategic innovation as the direction, and organization innovation as the guarantee, the technical innovation as the means and the market innovation as the goal. With Haier Group from small to large, from weak to strong, from only China market to all over the world, Haier culture it is in constant innovation and development. The new product technology development abandon the past enclosed, linear low efficiency development mode, creatively implement integrated global technology, intellectual resources of the parallel type development, to the rapidly meet the demand of market. (Liu 2003) In conclusion, it is the culture of an organization which makes it distinct from others. No two organizations can have the same organizational culture. The organizational culture goes a long way in creating the brand image o for the organization. The culture gives an identity to the organization. In other words, an organization is known by its culture. The management and its style of managing the employees also affect the culture of the organization. There are certain organizations where the management allows the employees to take their own decisions and let them partake in making strategy (Sadri and Lees 2001). According to the organizational culture, employees get attached to their management and look forward to long term incorporation with the organization. The management must regard the employees to avoid a culture where the employees just work for money and nothing else. They treat the organization as a mere source of earning money and look for a change in a short span of time (Magee 2002). Clearly, in many excellent organizations all over world, the organization will help employees to develop their own career planning, design for their own future and it means the positive organizational culture is important for strategic management.

Positive and Negative Effects of Television on Children

essay writer free Children’s television viewing time be carefully controlled or for some age groups eliminated entirely Contents (Jump to) Introduction TV, young children and aggression: Is TV dumping down our young? The role of TV in the obesity epidemic: Is TV – helping the young to a more positive view of the world? TV linked to better language and literacy? Conclusion: References: Introduction: Since the advent of the television in the daily lives of the common people, the lifestyle and routine of the people have been changed. Television is no longer an idiot box in the lives of many instead it is one of the most important parts of the lifestyle. The television has come up with variety of programs and the increasing importance of the television in the daily life of the people has given the entertainment world a different name. It has been observed in many countries like the United States the children are devoting maximum of about thirty hours watching television per week. This has given rise to a hobby or a habit of watching television (Kelemen, 2002). In many countries the children like to watch television, forgoing their studies and this had created awareness within the parents and the teachers. The most important issue regarding this matter is that the children are getting wrong information in some particular cases from the different programs of the television. There are many interesting programs apart from the cartoon shows which attract the children. The study is all about the awareness that had been generated by different research outcomes conducted by different organizations. The study discusses many important issues and analyses both the positive and negative sides of the issues (Yapp, 2014). TV, young children and aggression: It is observed all over the world that the children are adversely affected by the violent programs which they view in the television. Eastman (2004) had said that by the time when the American children become grown up to leave the high school they would have viewed thousands of murders and other violent activities in the television. On the other hand Rowell Huesmann et al (2003) have said that there is a tendency in the infants to imitate the activities they observe from the television and hence the violent programs could have much impact on the minds of the children and could cause severe accidents in their lives (Huesmann

Theoretical perspectives in the sociology of sport

Social and cultural theories are often used when studying and applying knowledge to sports. The theories in society often provide a framework for asking research questions, interpreting information and being able to uncover the deeper meanings and stories that are associated with sports, they also enable citizens in the society to become more informed so that we can apply what we have learned from the research and being able to apply it in the world that we live in. Theories also enable people to see things in new angles and perspectives and give us the ability to make informed decisions about sports and how sports participation can be used in our lives, communities, families and societies. The six main theories used in sport have many points and can overlap with each other but only two are going to be discussed in this study. The two theories chosen to compare are functionalist theory and conflict theory. Functionalist theory is a macro sociological theory that is based on the characteristics of social patterns, structures, social systems and institutions such as family, education, religion, leisure, the economy, media, politics and sport. If all these social institutions are organized and co-operate with one another around a set of core values functionalist theorists assume that the entire social system will function properly and efficiently. Society in functionalism has a view that it is an organized system of interrelated parts that are held together by shared values and established social arrangements that help maintain the system in being in a state of equilibrium and balance. When sociologists use functionalist theory they split it into two parts, the first concept of interdependent parts is all of the social institutions (media, religion, sports, politics and economics) and how they are linked together. In the tradition of Talcott Parsons and his conception of functional imperatives (goal attainment, adaptation, latency and integration) functionalists argue that there are four basic “system needs” for any society in sports (team, clubs etc) to run smoothly and that everyone will benefit. The four principles are Adaptation – In order to survive in a society it is essential that members learn to adapt to changes in the social structure and culture. Another important element to survival is the emphasis on being physically fit as it is required for most sports. Goal Attainment – This is the motivation of individuals to achieve society’s goals through socially accepted means. Sport is preoccupied with tracking the success and failures of its participants however it also teaches participants that if they work hard enough it will lead to victory meaning success. Integration – Sport promotes social connections between people and gives them the opportunity to co-operate with each other in a group and a community. It also provides a feeling of social identification as well as a source of personal identity. The society must keep itself together. Latency (pattern maintenance and tension management) – Each system must maintain itself in a possible state of equilibrium for as long as it can without any outside disruptive influences. Many forms of pattern maintenance are provided by sport primarily through participation where the participants are taught to accept an authority structure that is well defined for example athletes knowing that referees have the authority over them to make sure they stick to the rules of the sport. Functionalist theory in sport generally leads to the conclusion that it is popular in society because it can maintain the values of character that help to preserve stability and order in social life. Functionalist theory also supports sporting policies that help and recommend the growth of competitive sport programmes, developing coaching education programmes, in the case of youth sport there is an establishment on criminal bureau checks and qualification checks on coaches before working with younger children. The theory also supports the establishment of training centres for elite athletes so they can maintain their top-level performance and making sure to have increased surveillance and drug testing so they are able to supervise and control the actions of athletes by preventing those taking drugs so they can’t cheat their way to attaining a better sporting performance. People in society who have positions of power tend to favour functionalist theory as it is based on the assumption that society is organised for benefiting the people in that society of equality and that in any dramatic way it should not be changed. While functionalist theory is a popular approach it does have some weaknesses. The weaknesses of functionalist theory is that it tends to lead to exaggerated accounts of positive consequences of sports and sports participation however it mistakenly assumes that there are no conflicts of interests between the different citizen groups in society such as women, people with disabilities, racial groups and people who are economically poor in society yet it doesn’t recognise that sport can privilege or disadvantage people more than others. The theory also ignores the powerful historical and economic factors that have influenced social events and social relationships. Functionalist theory is centered on the idea that there is a consensus in the values and norms of society and that social institutions found within a society are integrated and function together. In contrast conflict theory looks at the role of power and the inequality found throughout society and how sport is shaped by these economic forces and used by people with economical power to increase their influence and wealth. Conflict theory is based on the ideas of Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) which rose to importance during the 1970s because of the growing disenchantment with functionalist theory. This theory of Karl Marx views sports as being built on the foundations of economic power. In society’s that are capitalistic you see that relationships and social arrangements are organised around wealth, money and economic power for example in the United States it’s easy to point out the owners of the sport teams as they are benefiting financially from the expense of elite athletes, the coaches that work alongside the athletes and the spectators who watch the sport. Like functionalist theory conflict theory is based on the assumption that society is like a social system however conflict theory focuses on the “needs of capital” rather than the “general system needs”. Theorists of conflict theory explain that a society which is capitalist will not be able to survive and grow without exploiting any workers for the sake of boosting financial profits; they also suggest that if radical changes are to be concluded in sport and society by prevailing justice and fairness they need to identify the negative consequences that sport has. Once these changes are made sport will become a source of creative energy, expression and physical well-being. People who live in capitalist economies are generally not comfortable with the assumptions and conclusions of conflict theory because they say it has a negative effect and does not fit into their ideas about society and sport as they feel uneasy with the conclusions of calling for radical change in the current organisation and structure that they already have. Much of conflict theory is directed at sports which are dominated by spectators. Conflict theorists if they had the choice they would increase the control that athletes and other sporting participants have to promote sport at local community level so that it benefits all classes of people rather than just all elite athletes. Meaning the working class would have more influence of sport than the rich class giving them more motivation for participation and eliminating profits. Many conflict theorists favour player’s unions that confront pro-team owners and are supporting organisations that help to guard against public tax money being used to benefit wealthy people. Ideally any public resources would be used to help aid sponsoring sports that are designed to improve physical fitness, political awareness and include placing the element of fun into activities. Conflict theorists (Leonard 1980; Rigauer2004) would also campaign for athletes at all levels to have representation with making decisions about sport in organisations so Olympians would be able to vote on policy questions that concerned the staging of the Olympic Games. Conflict theory also has three major weaknesses. The first weakness is that the theory tends to ignore the possibility that sport in capitalist societies can and may involve experiences that give individuals and groups power. Conflict theorists talk about how sport is organised to maximise the control that wealthy people have over other members in a capitalist society. The conflict theory approach doesn’t acknowledge that sport can take many forms of serving interests in the have-not society and denies that any participation in sport can be a personal creative and liberating experience that will inspire members of society to make economic changes that will help to promote equality in exiting capitalist societies. Secondly conflict theory ignores the importance of race, ethnicity, gender, disability, age and many other factors when it comes to explaining how people want to identify themselves, how they relate to other members in the society and how they organise the social world in which they live. Often it’s leading people to overlook the possibility that inequalities and power in any society are based on factors other than economic and social class differences. Thirdly the theory assumes that all aspects of social life are determined economically and is shaped by the needs of having capital in society and profit motive. Theorists of conflict theory focus on the assumptions that of economic factors when studying sport however they tend to overlook participation and recreational port for healthy living. Functionalist theory and conflict theory both focus on the needs of society and how sport can relate to the satisfaction of the system needs. The theories don’t inform us about sport in everyday life and the ways in which people are active agents who are participating in the processes of sports and societies that are organised and changed. They both also ignore that sport and social constructions emerge in people’s everyday life when they struggle to decide what is important and how they are going to collect organisation in their lives.

BSHS 335 American Sentinel Ethics and Values for Human Service Discussion

BSHS 335 American Sentinel Ethics and Values for Human Service Discussion.

Drawing on your own life stories and experiences, what does a nursing career meant to you?How does your nursing practice parallel the ANA (2015) Code of Ethics? List 4 specific examples from the Code of Ethics.What motivates you to remain in the nursing profession? Give an example through a personal story and what you learned that motivates you as a registered nurse.Develop 3 short-term and 3 long-term goals that emphasize your unique strengths.How will a BSN degree impact your short-term and long-term goals?Be creative and talk about your personal journey as a nurse. Include a personal nursing philosophy in the reflection.
BSHS 335 American Sentinel Ethics and Values for Human Service Discussion

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