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clearly connect a theme or author from class to a present day “artifact”. two-page, double-spaced, explanation of the artifacts’s

clearly connect a theme or author from class to a present day “artifact”. two-page, double-spaced, explanation of the artifacts’s connection to the course theme or author. 12-point Times New Roman Header section: Nichole Guttery Phil-1301 Chicago style formatting (for citations) Topic choices: Ring of Gyges, Divided Line, or Plato’s republic-The guardians or aux.’s
Discussion 200 words. I’m trying to study for my English course and I need some help to understand this question.

For the Week 3 Discussion, let’s share preliminary results of the Genre Analysis. Consider the following questions to help jump start your initial response: What genre have you selected on which to focus this assignment? What artifacts of this genre have you gathered thus far? What patterns has your analysis begun to reveal? As a writer, what is important to consider when writing/creating in this genre? What will reader-users expect from this genre? How have the McCloud comic and Mere Rhetoric podcast( informed your analysis? What else have you noticed or found to be interesting?
What questions do you have for your classmates? Where might they be able to offer some suggestions toward your analysis?

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No outside sources except these two website I gave you!
Discussion 200 words

PA 301 Cuyamaca College Government Budget Essay.

During week nine, we learn that a government’s budget = policies (a governing body’s choice of actions and prioritization of resources). You’ll get to practice your hand at “balancing” the California state budget and learning how your decisions affect the services the State provides for Californians and taxes for its hardworking residents.To complete this assignment, you will go to the Next10 website at (Links to an external site.) Click on the Take the Challenge! button which will lead you through an interactive exercise for balancing the FY 2020-21 California state budget (note: there’s obviously been changes since it was published due to expenditures related to the pandemic, devastating wildfires and civil unrest, but it still gives a realistic overview of policy and budget choices)ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS:After creating “your” budget and reviewing the information about state services throughout the exercise, prepare a minimum of a three-page double-spaced essay responding to the following prompts. Please only provide info requested in the prompts below. Present the final spending, revenue and surplus numbers of “your budget” which can be found under the heading “My budget at a Glance” on the final printout.Briefly discuss your overall philosophy that influenced your expenditure and revenue decisions. Include examples of what influenced your decisions to increase or decrease expenditures, why you choose to increase taxes/fees or reduce them and why you chose to reduce or add to state debt.For two (2) of the spending categories that were most interesting to you, briefly discuss which expenditure option you chose and provide a brief explanation about why you believed this option was the most prudent decision (make sure to click on the “pros and cons” button on the right side of the screen and review the additional info and brief videos so you can fully understand and describe the impact of your choices).For one (1) of the revenue choices that were most interesting to you, briefly discuss the option you chose and why you believed the most prudent decision based on the information provided. Conclude with a brief discussion of your overall takeaways (what you learned) from this exercise about what the legislators and governor must take into consideration when making spending, revenue and debt management decisions. I have included an example of my friend you could look it to get an Idea
PA 301 Cuyamaca College Government Budget Essay

The study of a degree course in Digital technology and culture is significant to a student with career aspiration in multimedia business. This helps in creativity and critical thinking, which is very significant to employers to improve the quality of output in order to meet the consumers demand as well as expectations. The great influence has been due to the emerging trends because of improved technologies that are different from the past, with the understanding that the future largely depends on the past. There is a great passion in multimedia where it will be upon a student to synthesize information to present to people via technology and use past occurrences among various cultures to explain solutions to problems that they might encounter. Digital technology and culture ensures that the knowledge people have in art is updated depending on the modern technology and everyone for communication to be effective understands the language used. Culture has been the way a particular group of people live in their communities, where there are believes and values which they share in their day-to-day life. Different tribes have different cultures that largely depend on their affiliations such as the learning institution, religious gatherings, and even place of work. The emergence of technology makes most people to discard their own culture and drown themselves into the cyber culture, which the whole world accepts. There are problems that people would experience if they ignore the original culture and embrace the culture that results from modern improved technology. Initially there was a reason why people developed a code of conduct and their daily activities seemed to run smoothly. This is because with good behavior they would live together in harmony, love and accept one another. When people segregate themselves, they suffer confusion and encounter difficulty in relating with those who still uphold the culture. The digital technology on the other hand has its own etiquette and as much as it takes less time to master, those who are not interested in it sometimes find it offensive. People find themselves in a position where both digital technology and culture are at loggerheads and it is upon them to merge the two and make both ways of life compatible and even complimentary. Multimedia is a very important field that goes into depths of culture through its research to unravel documentaries of news. The researchers interact with members of communities to gather all the relevant information, while on the other hand Multimedia uses digital technology in collection of information, its storage, processing, and transmission to the people. The awareness creation receives transmission through the same platform and it is set to reach many people in different locations. There are professional photographs, which have featured in magazines on how to take videos as well as edit them. The writing skills that have slowly developed through experience enable one to write brief articles and report on the findings. Previous work in a local media house and after the degree will enable one to look forward to establish himself or herself as a freelancer and take the stories, edit them and present them to various media houses. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the future, one would look forward to starting a speech training school, which would equip the young people with various skills of technology and how to use them to pick up from their own respective cultures and make both worlds compatible.


Accounting. I don’t understand this Accounting question and need help to study.

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Click GO TO OCE go to UML Accounting/Managerial – Sec 031 FA19 CRohland>WEEK6>Chapter 4 Required (not optional)
CHAPTER 4 – HOMEWORK Finish homework .


The selection process of candidate Essay

cheap assignment writing service Table of Contents Introduction The selection exercise Factors influencing the selection process Conclusion References Introduction It has also been an opportunity for me to learn various issues surrounding the selection exercise. The selection process involves such issues as job application, short listings and interviews in order to settle down on the right candidate. There are various factors that are considered before settling down on the right candidate as we will see in the reflective essay below. The basic areas of concern during the selection exercise are the selection decisions, validity and reliability of short listing and interview practices as a component of the selection process. The selection exercise is mainly not a single individual’s task but it is rather an exercise carried out by a panel of professionals mainly the human resources managerial team. Decision making is therefore based upon some laid down policies which are agreed upon by the code of ethics or by the selection panel since depending on individuals’ responses may at times bring about contradictions. The selection panel must therefore carry out adequate prior preparation concerning the exercise whereby it is more appropriate to involve professionals in this field. This is because there are many trained professionals in this field and the selection criteria for various candidates are based upon closely related factors. However, different interviewers have different interviewing approaches thus though there might be structured approach of the selection process, the interviewee ought to be adequately prepared and flexible in order to convince each member of the panel that he is the best candidate (Hackney and Kleiner, 1994, p. 8). The selection exercise All human resource professionals appreciate the fact that attracting and retaining the best manpower for a specific job depends largely on the effectiveness of the recruitment, short listing, selection and interview criteria. These are the exercises that largely constitute the selection process. There are a number of factors that affect the effectiveness of these stages and hence the decisions regarding the “best applicant.” The success in every of the stages depends on both the job seeker and the employer through the human resource section (Buckley, Norris, and Wiese, 2000, p. 116). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The first step in filling any vacant post is recruitment. It involves advertisement of the vacant post either internally, i.e. within the company or publicly, through the mass media. This step allows the qualified and the interested individuals to make application towards the advertised post. Individuals make their application depending on the interest in the job and their belief that they have the required skills, abilities, and other talents required to do the job well (Catano, 2009, p. 235). However, due to the high rates of unemployment in many nations and other reasons, it is very likely to find individuals who may not be meeting the specified requirements applying for the vacant position. Furthermore, applicants are mainly beyond the required number in most cases thus calling for the short listing exercise. The selection panel puts various factors into consideration, as we will see, in order to shortlist only the individuals who are likely to add value to the company in question. Once the candidates have been shortlisted, personal interviews are carried out to further identify the most suitable candidate since the short listing process may only consider academic and the experience qualifications while the one on one interview enables the selection panel to in identify an individual’s potential. While I have been participating in this exercise, there are various things that I have learnt from observation and interactions with the rest of the members of the panel that I was not able to learn while I was doing my research paper. This has enabled me to enrich my knowledge especially on the fact that academic and other kind of testimonials are not enough proof to settle down on the right candidate thus personal interview is always important in order to combine academics and experience with the right character. We will write a custom Essay on The selection process of candidate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Factors influencing the selection process Considering the participation I had on the selection process coupled with the knowledge and the experiences I have had with my own research and lectures, I have realized that there are several factors that determine the kind of a candidate that fits a certain job. One of the factors is the kind of questions that will be asked during the interview (Class notes, 2011, p. 1). Before an applicant qualifies to sit down with the interviewing panel, it means that the individual application is worth short listing thus he processes the relevant skills and qualifications for the post in question. The kind of questions that he will be asked and the kind of answers he is likely to give will determine his potential for the post in question. In the job market today, there are professionals who are wholly meant for the selection process and the questions asked in the panel are mainly tailor made to fit the needs of the given company (Barclay, 1999, p. 138). There are three main types of questions “structured interview, unstructured, and behavioral interviewing style” (Hartley and Bruckmann, 2002, p. 21) which can be categorized into the main subjects of interest such as: Intrinsic and motivational factors, skills and abilities, knowledge of the organization, career goals and objectives, experiences in the desired area, extracurricular activities and college experiences, academic programs and achievements, hypothetical questions, accomplishments and achievements, geographic preferences, and salary and benefits. (Hartley and Bruckmann, 2002, p. 21) This enables the panel to get the right picture of the interviewee thus settling down on the best candidate. Gender is another major factor that influences decision making in a selection procedure (Radford, 1998, p. 108). In many cases, men have always been considered superior to women and this has also been reflected in job allocation thus affecting the selection process. You will realize that the ratio of men to women in most shortlists varies a lot in many nations with the ratio of men being higher than that of women. Though there is a perception that some jobs are best suited for men while others are best suited for women, jobs that can be done by both genders well still are highly influenced by men superiority complex. Some of the causes of gender bias in many nations include “parental expectation of children, education, advertisement if vacancies, self perception, nature of the assessment methods, attitudes and the perceptions of the assessors among others” (Radford, 1998, p. 108). This is passed on to the employer “gender discrimination” (Radford, 1998, p. 108) as well as the job seeker “e.g. in education and self selection” (Radford, 1998, p. 108) thus altering the whole selection process. Not sure if you can write a paper on The selection process of candidate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gender differences and discrimination may not necessarily be structured within the selection process but may be an overall reflection of the selection process. First, the pool of applicants is usually determined by the individual’s decision to apply for the vacant position. Due to the various forces surrounding the two genders, there may be gender differences in this pool of applicants. The successful candidate is usually a product of the selection process. Both the decision to apply and the selection process usually results to a successive reduction in the pool of applicants. The job definition has a lot of influence on the final selection of candidates which may be further influenced by the number of applicants from each gender (Radford, 1998, p. 108). The physical factors surrounding a job are another major factor that determines the recruitment and the selection process. Individuals decide to apply for a certain vacant position depending on the desirability of working in a particular organizational environment (Catano, 2009, p. 235). Some of the physical factors that applicants may consider include the location of the company, size of the enterprise and the kind of industry the job is categorized under. This is influenced by the age of the applicants, accessibility, and whether the job provides autonomy, and opportunities for self development. Conclusion The selection process is one of the areas that determine the quality of the workforce in any organization. In the world we are living today, people have gone an extra mile to achieve academic excellence thus it is important for the selection panel to be a little bit keen on other qualities of a candidate. Such attributes are mainly achieved through behavioral interviewing style in order to settle down on the best candidate from the pool of academically qualified applicants. References Barclay, J. (1999) Employee selection: a question of structure. Personnel Review, 28 (1

Queen Elizabeths Wardrobe Revolution Fashions English Literature Essay

Fashion is defined to be the prevailing sought-after clothes that are à la mode. A fashion setter is someone who wears a new outfit that everyone else replicates and expands. Queen Elizabeth was a trendsetter and she not only affected the way people used to dress but also used this as an advantage to aid her throughout her reign. Queen Elizabeth was not always dressed so sumptuously. A letter written by her nurse during her childhood pleaded to the King to give little Elizabeth enough clothes so that she does not have to run around in rags. I beseech you to be [a] good lord to my lady…that she may have some raiment for she hath neither gown, nor kirtle nor sleeves, nor railes, nor body stitches, nor handkerchiefs, nor muffles nor biggins. All this her grace must have. I have driven off as long as I can, that be my troth I can drive it no longer. Beseeching you my lord that ye will see that her grace may have that [which] is needful for her (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). Elizabeth used her wardrobe for political and personal decision-making. She passed laws in regards to clothing and everyone was required to dress according to their station. Fashion has aided to maintain a social structure in England and had an impact on history throughout Queen Elizabeth’s reign. Queen Elizabeth’s wardrobe was made up of astounding dresses and not only did she dress to impress people but her wardrobe serve more than just one purpose. It is said that during Queen Elizabeth’s childhood, she did not have any extravagant dress to wear. In fact she was dressed with the simplest fabrics and the plainest of gowns and at one point her nurse begged for the King to give her more clothes that fitted her station. Elizabeth’s youth and her mother’s death had a great influence over her political as well as personal decisions (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). Her display of the fancy dresses was not due only to a craving for rich gowns to make up for her destitute wardrobe of her younger days but was also used to make political and wealth statements (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). Both her father and she were well known for their extravagance in dressing. It is said that Queen Elizabeth even outshone her father in the sumptuousness of her dresses. The use of fashion for her political advantage was one of the fascinating traits of Queen Elizabeth. For example, sumptuous gowns impress people and Elizabeth knew that. Thus her wardrobe was first fashioned to impress and also to suit her station as a ruling monarch (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). Also she sent portraits of herself magnificently dressed to Catherine de’ Medici during the marriage negotiations with the Anjous which gained unanimous praise. As she was the queen of England, the way she dresses affected the people around her as they all dressed up to be in the Queen’s good graces. King Henry VII, Elizabeth’s grandfather, was the object of gossip about poverty and cheapness as a result of his austere wardrobe while on the other hand, Queen Elizabeth’s lavish wardrobe conveyed generosity and the willingness to spend (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). Although her wardrobe far topped any other in England, her clothing expenses were quite modest. Behind the extravagant façade of her seemingly expensive wardrobe, were the fact of limited funds, carefully budgeted expenditures, and the crafty use of resources and materials (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). As her reigned progressed, people began bringing clothes to her as an attempt to gain her favors. So, her expenditure cost was significantly reduced and she could dedicate more funds to other areas. Queen Elizabeth’s wardrobe did not only affect foreign monarchs but also the English people under her reign during the Elizabethan era. The Elizabethan era was renowned for its fashionable concept and the way people were using it to express themselves. At the beginning of the era, women’s fashion did not have much of an importance in their lives but after Queen Elizabeth came to power, everything they wore came to matter. Fashion was considered an important part of the Elizabethan era (England Fashion during the Elizabethan Age). Dressing up was deemed an art form and thus Elizabethan people took time and effort to be chic (England Fashion during the Elizabethan Age). As might be expected, the clothes the queen wore significantly affected the people close to her. They began to dress accordingly to match the Queen’s fashion but were careful to not overshadow hers. Queen Elizabeth’s ladies in waiting wore her old dresses that other women endeavored to imitate. Elizabeth’s fashion influence spread well beyond woman’s clothing. The splendor of her wardrobe began to change male garments as well. Courtiers competed with each other in order to be seen in the most flamboyant, ornate, costly, and fashionable outfits to get in the good graces of the Queen (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). Hunting was one of the favorite sports during the Elizabethan era and many clothing styles were formed during the hunting trips. Many a time, a noble or some wealthy person would come dressed up in a new voguish outfit which the other wealthy and under class surrounding the hunt would reproduce, thus spreading the style (Elizabethan Sports). Queen Elizabeth had portraits of herself painted, of which copies were made and distributed freely throughout the kingdom (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). This way her image could be displayed to wide audience thus resulting in the spread of the court’s fashion and inspiring pride into the English people’s heart. Queen Elizabeth changed the way people used to dress and this was considered as the ‘it’ thing of the time. The way people used to dress during the Elizabethan era was about a combination of the fashion with one’s social status and this was also the era where laws were imposed with regards to clothing (Clothing in Elizabethan Era). “In Greenwich on the 15 June 1574, Queen Elizabeth enforced some new Sumptuary Laws called the ‘Statutes of Apparel'” (Elizabethan Sumptuary Laws). It was primarily enforced and put to work by King Henry VIII, and these laws were then enforced by his eldest daughter Queen Mary, and then Queen Elizabeth continued the tradition. It was a good way of keeping control over the populace (Elizabethan Sumptuary Laws). These laws were popular among the English people as the punishment for violating the Sumptuary Laws could be severe; fines, loss of property, title and sometime even someone’s life! (Elizabethan Sumptuary Laws). No definite legal documentation could be found where the felon was brought to justice or the stipulated punishment was carried out for breaking the law (Sumptuary Law). “Some references to such occurrences can be found in a few personal journals, but no parliamentary records seem to exist to substantiate these journal entries” (Sumptuary Laws). Queen Elizabeth enforced these laws to limit the expenditure of people on clothes and also to maintain the social structure of the Elizabethan era. The main concern of the Queen was that money was spent on pointless materials instead of being used for more purposeful things. The other concern was that if anyone started wearing anything they wanted, it will lead to moral decline and social chaos. For example, if someone cannot tell the difference between a milkmaid and a countess at a glance, then chaos might occur throughout the kingdom and Queen Elizabeth did not want that happening (Queen Elizabeth’s Influence on Elizabethan Fashion). These laws were nearly impossible to enforce as there was no “clothing police” (Elizabethan Sumptuary Statutes). Elizabethan clothing displayed information about the social status of the person wearing them and this was not just determined by the wealth of the person but also their social standing (Elizabethan Clothing). The Elizabethan Sumptuary Laws were important as it revolutionized what everyone was wearing and it also emphasized the social class system as people were dressing according to their class. During the Elizabethan era, fashion has played an important role in shaping the history throughout Queen Elizabeth’s reign. Due to Queen Elizabeth’s lack of rich and elegant dresses during her younger days, her wardrobe, alongside her famed ‘virginity’ when she grew up influenced thousands of people in England and helped her throughout her political as well as personal decisions. She fashioned the way people were dressing during the era as people looked up to her and wanted to gain her favors. Behind the façade of the expensive looking and jeweled incrusted gowns were a carefully budgeted planning, limited funds and intelligent use of the resources and materials needed. She also received expensive clothing gifts from many of her courtiers who wanted to be remarked and be part of the court. The portraits she painted of herself were a magnificent display of wealth and power that anyone would be impressed by its splendor. She made copies of her portrait and had them distributed throughout Elizabethan England. The Elizabethan Sumptuary Laws were an essential aspect of the Elizabethan era fashion as it kept society’s social structure from dissolving in thing thin air. Queen Elizabeth was a key component in the spreading of the fashion during the era and she did with much grace and glory.

Argumentative Essay On Personal Theories Psychology Essay

Personal theory of counseling has been an important element of psychotherapy since the past few decades. These theories have adopted an optimistic view of the human mind and some theories imply that human mind is adaptive to certain forms of interventions. Most theories in personal counseling rely on the proposition that every human being aims to improve his behavior. The battle for behavioral perfection is less than perfect but it permits an individual to bring about a positive change in his behavior through guidance. This form of guidance is available through psychotherapy and counseling when applicable. To justify the value of personal counseling psychologists claim that human beings are social animals. This means that humans in general prefer to be part of a community and integrate into their surroundings instead of remaining isolated. Every individual has deep emotional attachment towards some people who play an important role in his life. Some people relate more strongly to their family members and others to their friends. However, there are individuals who lack the required amount of social balance. Individuals could remain isolated in instances when they do not find a desirable company. It could also be a result of certain experiences which have had a deep impact on their thinking and mental development. Isolation therefore takes the form of an illness according to the personal counseling theories. An individual is cured through the process of therapy and guidance provided by a professional psychologist to help him attain a more desirable balance within his surroundings. This treatment certainly encourages an isolated individual to become a better member of his environment or to help him react properly to difficult situations. Various researchers are debating the idea that an individual learned to understand his surroundings better through therapy and counseling. A critical factor that forces us to rethink our position regarding this theory is the belief that not always the individual needs to learn from the society; the society might require a change. A community itself is stuck with its presumptions about individual behavior that it might not change its status quo. Psychologists have two unique and distinct views on this debate. The common refutation to this argument is that counseling does not always intend to achieve conformity to surroundings but rather it motivates the individual to face the society in his true form. An individual through therapy can gain confidence in his initial beliefs and ideas that might not confirm to the norms of the society. In this case, counseling helps in clearing the doubts of the individual about the way he perceives his surroundings. This approach could motivate the individual, but it can also lead to direct confrontation. Such behavior can result in excessive emotional chaos and can instead do more harm to the concerned individual. This is why a psychologist strives to maintain a balance between the individualistic personality characteristics of an individual and his emotions. Once this balance develops, the individual’s treatment is complete and his issues are resolved. This is a very debatable issue and most people have different views regarding how its implementation. Freud is the founder of psychoanalysis; according to him, religion is the universal obsession of neurosis of humanity. Therefore, he believed that the primary factor determining human behavior is its sole source of motivation is religion and individual beliefs. In addition, he believed that sexual desires are another primary source of motivation for man and mental activity is essentially unconscious. Therefore, the hidden desires of the unconscious buried deep inside the mind determine human behavior. His research can be applicable to those cultures that have strong religious influence over them. However, a significant population of the world today does not identify having strong religious backgrounds. His theory provides a strong base for research and for understanding human behavior but it certainly does not fully satisfy modern theory. Alfred Adler, the founder of individual psychology, believed humans had an innate tendency to strive for perfection and that this determination was the most important motivator of behavior for an individual. He shifted the motivational emphasis from biological instincts to social relationships. The idea is better understood through the universal need of children to be dependent upon parents or guardians. Such dependency produces feelings of inadequacy, which an individual strives to overcome throughout his life. Carl Rogers, the founder of person-centered therapy, had the opinion that living beings strive to maximize the organism and avoid experiences that are harmful to them. Therefore, the person-centered theorists have a different opinion regarding the source of motivation for people. They believe that the only motivation of human behavior is the tendency to grow to full potential in an obvious manner. Person-centered counseling involves a non-directive role of the counselor in the therapy sessions. The client is in charge of the situation since he has an innate tendency to find the optimum solution to his own problems. This theory seems to present us to a world of utopia where everything is perfect, or at least strives to be perfect. It is noticeable that human beings continue to commit to certain mistakes even when they know the consequences. Jung is a dissident of Freud’s school who does not believe that sex plays any major role in personality development. He also disagreed on the importance of dealing with an individual’s past or background in therapy. He agreed that man’s religious, aesthetic, and other needs are important for positive results in personal therapy. Thus, in Jung we see the seeds of modern day existentialism. He first tackled the concepts of archetypes such as introvert and extrovert personalities and suggested how they need a different treatment in therapy. Horney is the first person to talk about a self-concept. Problems stem from a “basic anxiety” that may be produced in individuals if they are not reared in a tolerant environment. To develop this theory a step ahead, Sullivan coined the term “interpersonal anxiety” to describe that a man’s greatest need is for satisfactory relationships with others. Another similar solution is the Gestalt therapy that implies that human beings have an innate desire to meet their needs. This desire serves as the main motivating factor; however, the therapy is only successful if the results are in harmony with the personal surroundings of the individual. Therefore, the therapist creates a balance between the individual needs and the environment in which he fulfills his desires. Every individual reacts to situations in different ways and it is impossible to make such an obvious generalization regarding human behavior. A critical analysis of the propositions made by the person-centric theorist reveals that the idea that humans have an innate tendency to strive to correct their behavior can be helpful in order to motivate their responses. At the same time, we must keep in mind that each individual has a unique personality and generalization of behavior is not possible. If one examines the variety of counseling interventions that have been described in the professional literature, they tend to fall into four broad categories: interventions that produce affective change; interventions that produce cognitive change; interventions that produce behavioral change; and interventions that produce social system change. The primary goal of an affective intervention is to help a client express his feelings, to identify or discriminate between feelings, or to alter or accept feelings. Cognitive interventions intend to reduce emotional stress and corresponding maladaptive behavioral patterns by altering or correcting errors in thoughts, perceptions and beliefs. The overall goal of behavioral interventions is to help clients develop adaptive and encouraging behavior to situations. Finally, the goal of systemic interventions is to change the individual’s social environment or system, thus changing the patterns of that resulted in the problems. Personal counseling is a slow and gradual progression that intends to motivate human behavior through different stages involved in the counseling process. The first step involves developing a connection with clients. In this part of the process, the counselor and the client develop a connection, which would determine the success of the whole therapy in the due course. In the early phase, the client tends to be defensive and requires assurance. A relationship of trust has to evolve in order to help the therapist fully understand the client. The counselor must show empathy to the client and at the same time, it is important to help him understand that the issues need to be resolved as soon as possible. Once the defensive wall has been broken, the therapist can use cognitive behavioral techniques to discuss and solve the problems of the patient. Problem solving techniques involve creating a behavioral plan for the individual intended to restrict irrational behavior before the patient’s problems are resolved. The client develops an understanding of the difference between perception and reality; faulty beliefs of the client begin to change and action to help the client understand situations in a precise way initiates. Another approach is to face each problem one by one and discuss the implications separately. This method helps the client rationalize behavior, through discussing his past behavior, his regrets and his achievements. The third step is to resolve an underlying dichotomy. In many cases, clients have conflicting goals in their lives that need a harmonized balance. For example, an individual suffering from abuse from a stepparent might want to keep his family intact because she loves her original parent and at the same time, she wants to avoid the abuse. In such instances, the individual could go through excessive emotional shocks, as she cannot make a clear decision about how to tackle the situation. To resolve this situation the individual would have to be motivated to confront the issue directly instead of continuing to suffer the abuse. These opposing perspectives need integration into a single one, in order to resolve the issues. Gestalt therapy aims to resolve such issues through integration of the problems. However, it is not usually possible to create harmony between conflicting goals and as the issues addressed by the therapy at not always concrete. Once integration of conflicting goals becomes possible, the therapist can return to the preceding stage of the process and address problem solution. At this stage of the process, the client is ready to undergo more technical and complete therapy. Intense cognitive therapies apply once basic issues and dichotomies have been resolved. During the final stage of the therapeutic treatment, the client is may be invited to sessions including more than one person. This also helps the therapist conclude the results of therapy. The role that theory plays in the course and outcome of counseling has been a subject of dialogue, and intense debate, for almost as long as counseling has been a profession. However, the most appealing forms of therapy that I would consider as very important is the, rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), which states, “Human beings develop because of innate biological and psychological tendencies that interact with social influences”. According to this theory, there is a certain influence on human development of his surroundings. A person develops his ideas and personality by learning from his family, friends and partners. Therefore, I believe individual personality is a combination of learned family influences, as well as other significant individuals in a person’s life, and innate qualities that influence personal development. Most theories of counseling mirror the time in which they came into being, especially the earlier theories such as psychotherapy and individual psychology. These theories exhibit conservative elements and did not accept revolutionary thinking. Both Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, and Adler called homosexuality a “perversion”. Feminist therapy developed out of profound discontent with customary approaches to psychotherapy. This kind of therapy includes an analysis of power and its relationship to the multiple ways women have been subject of oppression. After an analysis of feminist theories, I believe the basic idea is to create equality and not to result in dis-equilibrium. Like solution-focused therapy, feminist therapy’s primary focus is on strengths, rather than deficits, and is committed to social change that supports equality. My personal theory of counseling would be a rational emotive behavior therapy and will include a feminist perspective to therapy. A personal counseling technique needs to keep its focus on the individual. It is possible to define an individual with certain dominant characteristics, however at the same time we must understand that every individual is unique and the prescribed treatment needs to be different. It is also important to understand that each theory presents some central ideas and at the same time, each theory of personal counseling has limitations. To be better able to cater to the needs of the client a counselor must keep his individual personality in mind and use a blend of all different available techniques to achieve the desired results.