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Chemistry homework help

Chemistry homework help. This is an assignment that focuses on the differences between the social and personal roles Willie and Sam have with Hally. The paper also discusses the character changes from the beginning.,The social and personal roles Willie and Sam have with Hally.,Refer to the sheet entitled “Response Paper Guidelines”. Read and also follow these guidelines before writing and submitting your paper. However, do not submit a synopsis or play by play account of the script. Write only the pertinent. Do not label or number your responses. You must answer all the questions. The length of the paper should be 4 pages. “Master Harold” . . . and also the Boys premiered in 1982 when apartheid was still in place. Do you think this play is more effective in an attempt to change society or merely reflecting society? What effect can this play have on an audience member if the story and images do not reflect their experiences and encounters?,Firstly, describe the differences between the social and also personal roles Willie and Sam have with Hally. Secondly, under which circumstances do they act/behave differently with Hally? Thirdly, which character changes the most from beginning to end? In what regard have they changed? Has the change been a benefit or a detriment to themselves? Look for an ,emotional/ intellectual change of attitude,, personality, or a change in their outlook on life. Changes in costume or physical aging is not acceptable for this question.,Firstly, describe the differences between the social and also personal roles Willie and Sam have with Hally. Secondly, under which circumstances do they act/behave differently with Hally? Thirdly, which character changes the most from beginning to end? In what regard have they changed? Has the change been a benefit or a detriment to themselves? Look for an emotional/ intellectual change of attitude, personality, or a change in their outlook on life. Changes in costume or physical aging is not acceptable for this question.,Ensure that the paper is four pages long with proper referencing and citation.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Chemistry homework help
Miami Dade College Abortion Moral Dilemma Research Paper.

Make sure your essay has a title. Try to make it interesting as to catch the reader’s attention.Keep your research papers narrow and specific, focused on the topic. Do not write a general overview of the topic or a vague summary of opinions. Your writing needs to concentrate on your argument and the supporting elements you have chosen.Your paper should include facts, statistics, and other academic information pertinent to the topic.Thesis Statement:Essay Body:Conclusion:Your research paper MUST have a thesis statement.You must provide the main idea and at least three arguments or reasons to support the main idea of your thesis statement.Each body paragraph must be about one of the arguments you provided in your thesis statement, starting with a topic sentence declaring which point the paragraph will deal with. The topic sentence MUST be the first sentence of each of your body paragraphs.In the conclusion of your research paper you will revisit your thesis statement. You will also explain why yourFormat- Length:5-6 Pages Minimum- Font:Times New Roman / Size 12- Spacing:Must Be DOUBLE-SPACED- Format:Work Cited Must have MLA Heading / Last Name & Page Numbersargument and the points you use are important to understanding the topic and views you have selected.A Works Cited page is mandatory for this assignment. It must be the last page of your research paper but does not count towards the total number of pages of required writing.Sources- You must have a minimum of FIVE sources dated after 2020- Your sources can include:o Bookso Academic Journals / Articles o Verifiable Interviews- It cannot includeo Websites that are not official academic pages such as that ofuniversitieso Wikipediao Online essays from other studentsThings to Remember- You CANNOT write in first persono I think, In my opinion, us, we, me, mine, my.- You CANNOT write in second person o You (Do not address the reader)- Make sure your MLA heading is correct, specially the date formato Make sure your pages have your last name and page number on theupper-right hand corner of your paper.- Parenthetical Citations should only include the last name of the author andeither page number if available or year if page number is not available o Example 1 (Smith 158)o Example 2 (Smith 2020)- Do not use contractions!o Can’t, isn’t, don’t, that’s, and any other.- Provide specific examples, facts, and statistics illustrating your points- Revise for grammar and spelling issues. Then, revise again.- Similarity Report should not be above 15%Do not forget to have proper sources and use parenthetical citations when referring to them in your writing. This time it is mandatory to use sources and have a Works Cited page. Refer to the videos from previous weeks for further information.
Miami Dade College Abortion Moral Dilemma Research Paper

Table of Contents Introduction First Phase of Development Second Phase of Demolition The 19th and 20th Centuries Response from the Council Multi-Story Building Option Refurbishment and Rebirth Conclusion List of References Introduction Like many cities across the world, the presence of slums in Sheffield has presented challenges to the authorities and different efforts have been made to address the situation in different ways. The slum menace began in Sheffield in the middle of the 18th Century as the city’s population expanded and reached 10,000 people (Greenwood, 2010, para 1). Several slum regeneration programmes have been generated since the 18th century in order to eliminate the slums from the within the city’s jurisdiction. The first slum regeneration plan was adopted in 1860 (Greenwood, 2010, para 1), with its main target being to improve the life of the city’s inhabitants who had been living under the squalid conditions. Sheffield City, however, suffered subsequent challenges following increase in its population, especially following the industrialisation era of the 19th century. This paper seeks to elaborately analyse and report on the series of slum regeneration programmes that have been held in the city of Sheffield since the early 20th century to the present date. First Phase of Development Sheffield’s expansion towards the end of the 18th century saw the city encroach outside the township boundary. This resulted into previous open fields being turned into residential areas. These open fields were referred to as crofts. The total population had risen to more than 30,000 inhabitants (Greenworld, 2010, para 1), with the crofts being turned into both residential, as well as industrial activity areas where cutlery manufacturing was the predominant practice. Pressure began to mount as the crofts were singled out as dens of immorality, especially involving the young people. Death rates among the inhabitants soured as the living conditions and general hygiene deteriorated, with every four children born in the area failing to see their first birthdays. This prompted reformers to identify the need for improving the slum conditions as a remedy for the poor conditions of living. Demolitions were sanctioned and began from 1898, lasting through to 1899. Three crofts were singled out for demolition during the first phase. These included Hawley Croft, School Croft, and Sims Croft. The first slum regeneration programme saw the introduction of three-storey modern housing. The new project began in 1903/1904, and is what is presently known as Hawley and Townhead Street housing. The housing project was the first rental property that were developed by the local council (Greenworld, 2010, para 1). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Second Phase of Demolition The second phase of the demolitions affected the remaining slum areas, mainly Lee Croft. The demolitions continued up to 1907. A section of the area that was previously Lee Croft was developed into present day northern Hawley Street junction with both Lee Croft and Campo Lane. The original Lee Croft area was never fully developed following the demolition, with a significant section of the area remaining under developed (Greenworld, 2010, para 3). The Alexandra Skating Rink was developed in 1909 on the area that remained underdeveloped following Lee Croft’s demolitions. The 19th and 20th Centuries The 19th century brought with it new challenges to Sheffield authorities and the inhabitants of the city. The increased pace of industrialisation that peaked particularly during the second half of the 19th century saw an increase in population as workers moved into the city in search of job opportunities. The rapidly growing population was putting pressure on the available housing units, thereby increasing demand for accommodation units. The population pressure led to a deterioration of the existing housing conditions, particularly the sanitary provisions as well as the general health situation. Similar challenges that had faced the first slum settlements in the city emerged, with death rates increasing to between 20 and 26 for every 1,000 inhabitants. Equally, the infant mortality rate soured to between 153 and 179 deaths for every 1,000 deaths. The population density, particularly in the lower Park district, rose to between 100 and 400 people on every acre of land. This prompted plans to demolish buildings around the lower Park district in order to address the deteriorating situation. Sheffield City’s population had surpassed the 400,000 mark by the turn of the 20th century (Lambert, n.d., para 20). Growth in population was further influenced by the extension of the city’s boundaries to include Wadsley and Handsworth. Further boundary alterations in 1935 included the addition of Beauchief, Greenhill, Totley, and Dore to be included under the city’s jurisdiction (Lambert, n.d., para 23). A new challenge was once again faced by the authorities in the city as growth of slums became a menace. The 1920’s and 1930’s witnessed difficult moments for the city, with Sheffield being a heavily industrialised centre and a significant section of the population being workers employed in the industries. The end of the First World War in 1918 affected the city’s and indeed the entire country’s economy negatively (Mearns, n.d., para 8). We will write a custom Essay on Slum Regeneration in Sheffield specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The economy entered into a recession, with the industries lacking business to sustain their activities. The unemployment rate soured, meaning that many residents lacked sufficient income to afford decent lifestyles and accommodation. However, Sheffield City authorities also begun a massive programme in 1934 that aimed at conducting large-scale slum clearance. The era witnessed the building of decent and modernised council houses to replace the slum areas that had been cleared (Lambert, n.d., para 23). The period between the First and Second World Wars was short-lived and Sheffield was to suffer the consequences yet again. As the council worked towards establishing modern housing and eliminating slum areas, up to 3,000 housing units were destroyed following a bombardment of the city by German forces (Visitor UK 2013, para 8). The housing situation was affected significantly as the council still struggled with the pressure on housing units. Slum clearance started after the end of the Second World War, with the actual programme beginning in the 1950s through to the 1960s. The council built new houses in estates such as Gleadless Valley, council flats at Hyde Park and Park Hill (Yorkshire Film Archive, 2011, para 1). The problem of population growth between the 1950s and 1960s persisted with the entry of immigrants from Western India and other Asian communities into Sheffield. A 1937 Development Plan that included the development of flats was later in the year abandoned after the authorities thought that this kind of housing would not be probable as a normal housing method (Lambert, n.d., para 24). A second interim report in 1941 on the city’s planning by the Town Planning Assembly identified the need to undertake a redevelopment scheme of the areas including Duke Street, as well as the City Road. However, the plan did not mention the particular form that the redevelopment would adopt (Lambert, n.d., para 25). Response from the Council In 1930, the council authorities agreed to the fact that the worsening living conditions in the city were being influenced by limited housing units that could not accommodate the population demand. The Estates Committee issued a report in September 1930, promising to increase up to 1,250 new housing units annually. The report also suggested the introduction of a Clearance and Improvement proposal whose main objective would be to eliminate at least 500 housing units that were declared as unfit. This was in accordance with the Housing Act of 1930 (Parliament n.d., para 3). Up to 500 new housing units would be provided to accommodate the people who had been displaced. Not sure if you can write a paper on Slum Regeneration in Sheffield by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Recommendations in the report involved adoption of new practices that had been included in the new Housing Act. The Sheffield Council committed itself to considering housing conditions that existed in the area, with plans to issue proposals to the Ministry of Health after every five years beginning in 1930. The Council consequently established clearance schemes, where property would be compulsorily purchased and demolished for purposes of creating room for the development of new buildings. An example of the scheme includes the present day flats and maisonettes that sit on the piece of land bounded by Bernard Street, Broad Street, Duke Street, as well as Old Street and Bard Street. The scheme targeted housing up to 290 families, following its recommendation to the Estates Committee (Sheffield City Council 2010, p 5). The new projects introduced in Sheffield had been copied from other similar projects in London and Liverpool. Sheffield authority officials, including the mayor and the chief architecture, made visits to London in mid 1934 as part of a fact-finding mission to inspect buildings that had been developed under the 1923, 1924, as well as 1930 Housing Acts (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 7). John Rennie, Sheffield’s City Council Medical Officer of Health influenced the compulsory acquisition and demolition program. In November 1933, the officer recommended that the council should demolish buildings to pave way for the Duke/Bard/Benard Street scheme. In 1935, John Rennie made further Representations to the council, which would later influence the reconstructions of properties on Long Henry Street, South Street, Colliers Row, Stafford Street, Lord Street, Hague Lane, Anson Street, as well as Gilbert Street and Norwich Street. The Park Hill flats, as they stand today, occupy the areas that these streets criss-crossed in the past. G. C. Craven, Sheffield City Planning Officer prepared a report in November 1936 that further pointed at the problem of housing density around Central Scheme (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 6). This particular report specifically noted other challenges, including width of streets, existing services, adequate air and light, open spaces, as well as the height above the sea level in the case of residential buildings, as some of the immediate issues that needed redress. The planning officer emphasised on the need to undertake wholesale redevelopment in order to finish a single complete scheme. The idea did not favour the establishment of storey buildings that exceeded 5 storeys (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 6). Multi-Story Building Option Subsequent reports and minutes by the Sheffield City Council immediately after the Second World War identify a gradual focus on multi-storey form of housing. The authorities had banked on the experience witnessed in other cities’ architectural forms both within and outside the country. On the 28th of April 1949, the committee on housing at the council decided to build multi-story flats that would require to be serviced by lifts. Sheffield’s authority representatives sought to carry inspections in other cities, mainly in London and the Scandinavian countries, to ascertain how similar programmes could be replicated in the city. The multi-storey building project gathered momentum at the beginning of the 1950’s as a report by the Planning Committee of the town identified the need for the city to have an addition of 79,000 new houses (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 10). The new inclusion, however, would still leave Sheffield City with a requirement of 55,000 more houses to cater fully for the population. The report took note of the over 12,000 housing units that had suffered destruction following the World War II, as well as an additional 7,000 units that had been declared unfit for occupation by the Medical Officer of Health during the period between 1939 and 1947 (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 10). The report, taken as an Extension Bill for Sheffield, suggested the need to have good and consistent planning in order to address the huge overspill. The plan was to take place in the areas within the city centre, as well as the industrial areas in order to retain the city’s initial population figure. The plan to establish multi-storey buildings continued further as city representatives and officials visited several other European countries to establish the measures they had put into place after the World War II. Compulsory Purchase Orders were recommended in a bid by the authorities in the city to repossess the entire areas that were bounded by Duke Street lane, Anson Street, South Street, as well as Henry Street. This measure aimed at providing new modernised housing accommodation for the city’s inhabitants. The Housing Committee eventually approved the multi-storey building scheme in March 1955, further approving a recommendation to redevelop the Park Hill area. Early estimates at the time indicated that the Park Hill redevelopment scheme, previously known as Duke Street area, would result in 2,000 new housing units. This would have provided an extra 1,200 new housing units that would comfortably allow the city authorities to demolish another 800 units that had been earmarked for demolition to pave way for further regeneration (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 11). The report emphasised on the need for the multi-storey development project to be pursued towards realising the council’s goal basing on the figures that the planning department had availed. The Park Hill redevelopment project became the first to benefit from the report’s findings following its approval in August 1955 (Sheffield City Council 2010, p. 8). Other areas that were developed include Netherthorpe, Burngreave, as well as Pitmoor. These areas comprise of Woodslide Lane. Park Hill redevelopment targeted a demolition of up to 369 housing units, among them 271 redhouses. The demolitions were intended to pave room for the establishment of public open space. The council earmarked an additional 282 units that were identified as being unfit for habitation together with another 63 fit units, all of which were to be acquired under Compulsory Purchase Orders. The building scheme was undertaken in three phases, with the first two programmes having their planning permission issued within the first half of 1956. The first phase was planned to have 990 dwellings that would be developed in four blocks of between four and thirteen storeys. The area under which this development was to be undertaken included the section bounded by Duke Street, Anson Street, and the Southern Street that overlooks Sheffield’s railway station. The second phase was to be completed in two stages, where two three-storey terraces were to be built amounting to 152 units. The project was to stretch from the eastern side of Bernard Street all the way to covering the northern part. The second section of the second phase involved 1,160 units housed in four blocks, with the least containing five storeys while the highest having up to nineteen storeys. The new redevelopment programmed was officially referred to as the Park Hill Redevelopment Scheme. However, this later changed in May 1961 following the City Council of Sheffield’s decision to rename it as Hyde Park Estate. Sections of the development that were terraced were officially renamed as Hyde Park Terrace and Hyde Park Walk respectively. Refurbishment and Rebirth Demolitions were executed on the largest Hyde Park blocks in the beginning of the 1990’s (Meinhold, 2011, para 1). The remaining sections of the block were refurbished in order to be used to offer accommodation for participants who took part in the 1991 edition of the World Student Games. Sheffield City Council further formulated a plan that aimed at refurbishing Park Hill estate. The authorities were to undertake the program in cooperation with English Partnerships. The thirteen-storey block had its tenants evacuated by the end of 2003 to enable the refurbishments to take place. In October 2007, an artist’s plan to undertake the refurbishment was approved. The plan included a proposal to have 257 flats available for sale. Up to 56 flats were to be rented out, with 12 others being prepared for a sharing project. Conclusion Urban centres and cities across the world have traditionally grappled with an upsurge of slum areas, which are mainly characterised by overpopulation, poor sanitation services, and lack of modernised amenities. Sheffield City experienced the first existence of slum houses towards the end of the 17th century as the city grew gradually. Population growth forced the city’s expansion to exceed its initial boundaries, with areas that remained plain fields in the past experiencing an upsurge of informal settlements. These areas included Hawley Croft, School Croft, and Sims Croft. The worsening conditions of living prompted authorities in the city to schedule plans for the first ever slum regeneration in the city. However, the 19th and 20th centuries posed more challenges to the city authorities as growth in population was hastened by industrialisation during the time. The pressure and demand for housing made the city authorities sanction for more slum regeneration programmes to eliminate the sub-standard housing, while at the same time replacing them with modernised housing units. The World War I affected the program by creating a recession that affected industries in the city, causing unemployment amongst its residents. The unemployment denied residents the financial power to afford decent housing, thus creating room for growth and expansion of slums. In World War II, the Sheffield housing suffered greater consequences as up to 3,000 housing units were destroyed following bombardments by the German forces. List of References Greenwood, A. 2010, Local history: Clearing the slums and the start of the Sheffield jungle. Web. Lambert, T., A brief history of Sheffield, England. Web. Mearns, N., Rural village to Suburbia. Web. Meinhold, B. 2011, Massive Park Hill Post-War project being regenerated into a colorful and bright housing complex. Web. Parliament. Living heritage: Improving towns. Web. Sheffield City Council 2010, Sources for the study of Park Hill and Hyde Park Flats, pp 4-48. Web. Sheffield City Council 2013, Compulsory Purchase Orders. Web. Visitor UK 2013, Timeline history of Sheffield. Yorkshire Film Archive 2011, Park Hill Housing Project. Web.
Letter Report.

Length: 750 words minimum, not counting Works CitedAudience: Your supervisor, colleagues, and clientsPurpose: To research and recommend career advice to potential clientsFormat: Formal business letter style, including the following elements: Return Address (or your may use a Letterhead) Date Inside Address Salutation, followed by colon Letter contents Closing Signature Block Second Page Heading MLA-style parenthetical, in-text references for any source material used MLA-style Works Cited ListWriting Situation: You work for a company1 whose mission is to offer advice to college students who are considering their career options. In today’s meeting, your supervisor asked you to research the career outlook in one of the Occupation Groups listed in the “Occupational Outlook Handbook” section of the government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) website available at this address: https://www.bls.gov/ooh/2For example, if you click the Education, Training, and Library link in the Occupational Groups list, you might research the career of High School Teacher. If you click the Healthcare link, you might research the Nursing career. You may select any career from the ones listed on the BLS website.Assignment Requirements: Write a 750-word (roughly two full pages, single-spaced) Letter Report in which you present your findings about the career outlook for the occupation you have chosen to research. You should include the following information, in addition to any other relevant material you find in your research:Employment prospectsTypical jobsAdvancement opportunitiesSalary rangeCareer advantages/disadvantagesTypical responsibilitiesYour recommendation (see below for more information about this important section)To success on this assignment, you will need clear recommendations in your Report. The specific audience for this part of the Report will be the potential clients who seek advice about their careers. Based on your research, what would you recommend to a college student who is interested in the career you have researched in this Report?In addition to the BLS website provided above, you might also search for information disseminated by professional societies. These groups will often publish useful statistics on salaries, working conditions, and other information about the field. For instance, the NSA and AICPA are both professional societies for Accountants. Whatever sources you use should be credible and professional or academic-based. Do not consult sources such as Wikipedia, Ask, or other sites whose information might not be reliable.You might also consider interviewing someone who currently works in this field although that is not a requirement of the assignment. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________1 In writing about the company in this assignment, you should feel free to make up a company name.2 You must use this website in your research.
Letter Report

Marymount University Corpus Programming Code Report

Marymount University Corpus Programming Code Report.

1)a) Using one of the Corpora in the last lab. Calculate the average “Tokens” per sentence.b) Using the same or different corpus, which category has the longest sentences on average, which has the shortest?2) Download your own “Corpus” on https://www.gutenberg.org/ (Links to an external site.) a) How many sentences are in the document (use NLTK to split the sentences)? How does this differ from the amount of lines in the file (readlines)?b) After tokenizing the sentences, find 3 errors and describe why you think this error might of occurred. What in the algorithm might have gone wrong?
Marymount University Corpus Programming Code Report

Advantages of Government Intervention in the Economy

python assignment help INTRODUCTION In the 18th and 19th centuries, famous economists such as David Ricardo and Adam Smith agreed to the existence of an invisible force within the market. Markets only relied on deciding prices for resource allocations and meeting the demands for rations. Their decisions were usually based on self-interest only. They did not require any active government interventions beyond the provision of law and order. Gradually with the passage of time, many complications started forming while handling smooth functioning of markets. The major problem was of scarcity of resources which were in high demand. To eliminate this issue, the economists and other professionals emphasized on the unregulated interactions between the financial institutions and government (Pettinger, 2012). Economists believe that there is a very limited role of government in economic affairs. In any market economy, most of the economic decisions are made by the individual buyers and sellers, but not by the state. Residents of the country and political leaders do not agree to this statement. According to their view, the government interventions increase when the market functions have expanded. In such situations, the government is expected to perform a large variety of activities. There are many advantages of government intervention such as even income distribution, no social injustice, secured public goods and services, property rights and welfare opportunities for those who cannot afford. Whereas, according to some economists the government intervention may also result in few disadvantages. Unnecessary goods may be produced as the government may not be much well aware about the needs and wants of their people. There may be social gap between the rich and poor because of uneven income distributions (Low, Nend, 2011). HOW GOVERNMENT CAN MAKE MARKETS TO FUNCTION BETTER Most markets function smoothly because of the effectiveness of unregulated markets and Adam Smith’s unseen force. There are numerous highly differentiated goods and services which are available for the consumers. Financial institutions such as firms and banks are linked together with a highly sophisticated and complicated system of investments, distribution and production chains. There are four different types of government institutions which are operating in almost every country to facilitate their people. Firstly, there are market-enabling institutions which help economic agents to manage conflicts, to secure property rights and to help in recognizing their own rights and duties towards customers. They help in sticking to long term contracts and avoid any kind of disputes. Secondly, the market-regulating institutions keep an eye over market players who are misusing their market power and ensure a healthy competition among firms to control any firm from being the monopolist. They also improve the market prices and make sure that they reflect the correct costs and benefits for both the buyer and seller. Thirdly, the market-stabilizing institutions are the independent banks working in the economy. The governments’ central bank will serves as the lender of last resort so it may avoid banking crisis in difficult situations. Another role for these institutions is to stabilize the state’s contribution towards the macroeconomic activities (Pettinger, 2012). Lastly, the market legitimizing institutions boost up and sustain the public support for market economies. They sort out and reorganize income and provide social insurances. They are also a vital source of social stability in the economy. They encourage firms for long-term developments as they want to facilitate economic development for their residents. ECONOMIC FUNCTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT What would happen if there were no regulations regarding enforcement of business contracts? And what if there were no social welfare programs to facilitate low income people with free medicines and food? There should be a control over the prices which everybody pays for goods and services. For smooth functioning of the society and economy, it is necessary that the government steps in (Robert, Kelly, 2012). REGULATE LEGAL AND SOCIAL FRAMEWORK The government helps ensuring the legal contracts which are implemented through a proper law regulatory body. This will help in the accountability purpose for all business persons involved in a firm. It also ensures that when a customer purchases something, there are some rights involved in it. MAINTAIN COMPETITION There are a number of competitors working together in a market. Such a market economy is known as ‘perfect competition’ where everybody sells almost similar products with a little variation in prices. The government’s role is to ensure that all competitors are able to compete and offer similar products and services to its customers (Aaron, 2010). RE-DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME There are often gaps amongst social classes in the capitalistic economies. It results due to the uneven distribution of incomes. To overcome this problem, the government uses the progressive tax techniques where the consumers are required to pay taxes according to their income levels. Besides this, it is the government’s duty to provide housing, medical services, employment and food programs to help those who are in need. PROVIDE PUBLIC GOODS AND SERVICES Another duty of the government is to provide national parks, prisons, transportations and public schools. All these are under the government’s control rather than private businessmen. CORRECTING EXTERNALITIES Externalities refer to the consequences of business decisions which may affect other people, even though they had no control over the business decisions. The government sets regulations regarding ensuring the regulations to control pollution and waste materials. PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION Few basic principles need to be followed by the government institutions while designing policies and making decisions regarding market operations. These shall help in economic development. They are discussed below briefly (Aaron, 2010). HARMLESS INTERVENTIONS Sometimes, the government makes wrong decisions. It is necessary that the state takes under consideration that they are expected to improve market outcomes rather than destroying it. PRAGMATIC AND LEARNING-BY-DOING APPROACH With the passage of time there may be changes in the technologies, socio-economic and political conditions. Due to these changes, the requirements for government interventions will also change. Any problem area in the past which required special attention will no longer need it now due to the environmental changes (Robert, Kelly, 2012). ENSURE THE RIGHT INCENTIVES The government in control should support the proper functioning of markets and prefer to use the price-based interventions. They give incentives for people to spend less on resources which may be depleted soon. They can also consider some externalities for creating them. SHOULD GOVERNMENT INTERVENE IN THE MARKET FUNCTIONS? One of the major concerns to the economists is the limitations involved in government interventions in the market economy. According to the economists in a free market economy, there should a highly strict government intervention because otherwise it may lead to inefficient allocation of resources. But according to some other economists, they forcefully emphasize on the importance and need of government interventions in different economies (Pettinger, 2012) The economists who are in the favor of government interventions in a market give various reasons like there may be a greater equality among various social classes due to income re-distribution and improved opportunities for everyone. The government may provide incentives or subsidies to firms that meet their standards. Otherwise they may take their flaws into consideration which may result in market failures. It is necessary that governmental agencies are well aware of market situations such as inflations, excessive periods of recessions or unemployment. Whereas on the contrary, the economists who do not favor the government interventions, they support their arguments by saying that it is not true to say that the government will always make the right decisions. It is also expected to make mistakes and wrong decisions if there is some kind of pressure by political parties. They may spend on unnecessary and ineffective projects. There is no personal freedom involved in making decisions regarding how to invest and how to save. Economic interventions by the government may take this liberty away from business entities. The key players within the industry will be well aware regarding the needs and wants of their customers so they can decide it better about how, what and when to produce. CAN MARKETS FUNCTION EFFECTIVELY WITHOUT GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS? Although it is a very rare situation that a market economy may have little or no governmental control, but such an economy is then based on supply and demand forces. It is known as a ‘free market economy’. All business entities are operating solely for their own self-interest and profit gains. There may be a unfair income distribution among residents, social injustice among social classes, no concern regarding public institutions and lack of welfare facilities. For this purpose, it is necessary to have some governmental interventions in the market economy (Low, Nend, 2011). CONCLUSION There has been no such society in the history of mankind where there was complete absence of state interventions. Even in the cases of most extreme open-minded and liberal economists, they have accepted at some points that there needs to be government’s protection of property rights; public goods and services, national defense system and price controls. Then, later on the debate begins about the extent up to which the government’s intervention may be permissible. This concludes that intervention is necessary and may be in any form. But it may differ from one market economy to another.

Reasons for Academic Cheating Essay

Introduction Cheating among student in collages is on the rife today and this is one of the serious challenging factors in most learning institution. According to the article written by Lawrence Himan, ‘How to Fight College Cheating’, he reports that about 74% of the students in colleges have accepted cheating in one or more of the several exams they undertake. He also reports that the evolution of electronic devices have made is possible for the students to accelerate cheating and this includes gadgets like cell phones and PDAs (Anderman, Eric, and Tamera 86). It should also be noted that various colleges are enacted punitive measures to help curb the menace of academic cheating. Failure in the academic paper, forfeiting of the degree course, and a poor recommendation for future jobs are some of the repercussions of cheating in colleges (Anderman, Eric, and Tamera 111). Thesis statement: Is academic cheating expected to be on the rise following the advancement made in the IT sector; Cell phones, I pads, and online assistance. The acquisition of the cell phones which is essentially used for communication has been turned into academic assistance gadget, the cell phones have been made in away that they are able to access internet and this has provided students with the easiest means of reaching useful information regarding academic writings. Student in most parts of the world have been found to engage cell phones widely in accessing information and pasting them in pretense that they are there own (Cizek 146). In this reference, most institutions have banned entrance of the exam room with any device that is internet enabled as this alone is tantamount to suspension as well as expulsion from studies in the institution (Cizek 177). In the other way, the student have used I pads to plagiarize their papers. With the assistance of this device, the students are able to access already similar papers in the various sites in the internet at a fee. Today several sites are on the internet and have presupposed on the possible various papers the students might be expected to give a write up on and do the papers in prior for the students to purchase (Davis, Patrick, and Tricia 123). This kind of arrangement has increased the complacency level among the students and most of the student wait and procrastinate until the last minute that they endeavor to beat deadlines. In this way, the students are able to submit papers not of their original work but in disguise (Davis, Patrick, and Tricia 158). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Online assistance also plays a major role as it segments another huge their cases online to freelancers who then undertake to deliver the papers on the time indicated at a cost. The online assistance has equally made it possible for the student to keep postponing their program as they are assured of assistance even in the shortest deadline (Lathrop, and Kathleen 44). Technology has therefore made academic cheating very technical and no one can be apprehended of cheating as the source can not be ascertained. The learning institutions will therefore be forced to devise other methods that are equal to detecting even the far fetched academic cheating sourced even from the online assistance otherwise, the war against academic cheating will remain a mirage. The question one may ask is, why do student cheat in exams?, the possible answers for the question may be as follows; most of the student are paid for the studies by the parents, this scenario makes it obvious for the parent to exert certain pressure form the students to reciprocate by giving viable grades that commensurate the fees paid for the students for their studies. The students are on the other hand have to yield for the pressure and the easiest way of enabling this is by cheating in the examination. Procrastination is another reason as to why the students do involve themselves in academic cheating, in the colleges; the students get to be carried away with other extra-curriculum activities that are not linked to academic work taking place in the collages (Lipson 92). In this case, the students get to be ambushed with the examinations and thus resort academic cheating. The students in a bid to keep cheating at a bay should then balance their time in collages to sit both of their requirements appropriately. Finally, the students find it easier to engage in cheating at the expense of doing the real academic work (Spiegel, and Bernard 142). This is detrimental academically as it shutters the dream of the individual professionally as they will not be endowed with academic wealth as opposed to those who honestly earn their grades. The act of cheating also inculcate the sense of no confidence in an individual owing to the fact that they are aware that their earned grades are not their own. We will write a custom Essay on Reasons for Academic Cheating specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This low self esteem has also impacted negatively on the student in their various place of employment and this has resulted into high cases of doubt by the employees in some student and sometimes this leads to degradation of institutional status. Works Cited Anderman, Eric M., and Tamera Burton Murdock. Psychology of academic cheating. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, 2007. Print. Cizek, Gregory J. Cheating on tests: how to do it, detect it, and prevent it. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates, 1999. Print. Davis, Stephen F., Patrick F. Drinan, and Tricia Gallant. Cheating in school: what we know and what we can do. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. Print. Lathrop, Ann, and Kathleen Foss. Student cheating and plagiarism in the Internet era: a wake-up call. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2000. Print. Lipson, Charles. Doing honest work in college: how to prepare citations, avoid plagiarism, and achieve real academic success. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. Print. Spiegel, Patricia, and Bernard E. Whitley. Academic dishonesty. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum, 2001. Print.

Gender Studies homework help

Gender Studies homework help. This is a paper that focuses on the compare and contrast voluntary and involuntary confessions. The paper focuses on the case scenario of Miranda v Arizona supreme court decision.,Compare and contrast voluntary and involuntary confessions,In Miranda v. Arizona, the United States Supreme Court held that the police must inform suspects, before interrogation, of certain constitutional rights.  These rights have become popularly known as the Miranda rights.  Under the Constitution, specifically the Fifth Amendment, persons accused of a crime, or held in suspicion of a crime, must be informed of their right to remain silent, their right to be represented by counsel, and must be told that any statements they make can and will be used against them as evidence.,Compare and contrast voluntary and involuntary confessions.  How did the court apply these concepts to the Miranda decision?  Provide an example of when a person is and is not in custody.  Additionally, is there a difference between an interview and an interrogation?  If a person waives his or her Miranda rights, how long is the waiver valid?  Can a person change his or her mind?  Can the police keep trying to get a suspect to talk until he or she agrees to do so without a lawyer?  However, should there be any exceptions to the rule that a person is to be informed of their rights?  Discuss., Through writing this assignment, you will be responsible for using a minimum of 2 scholarly/peer-reviewed sources (e.g. ,GMC Library,). Textbooks are not a scholarly/peer-reviewed source; however, they may still be as a supplemental reference.,Your assignment is to be a minimum of 500 words.  Going over the minimum page length requirement is acceptable; however, I am not looking for a 10+ page essay., For this course, you will submit the graded activity using Turnitin. An Originality Report will become available within a few minutes after your first submission. Inside the Originality Report will be a Similarity Index.Gender Studies homework help