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Channels of communication in Multi national organisations

Communication plays a major role in the development of any multinational organization. The communication flow is controlled by a hierarchical system of managers making the decisions from higher to lower levels in the hierarchical In this process the generated responses and reports communicate from lower to higher level in the organization. Managers also spend time communicating with their peers. Therefore, the upward and downward of the communication indicates its effective functionality in a lateral direction. Mead (1998) describes a multinational corporation (MNC) as services produced in the one or more countries but established as a head office in one country. Here, the functionality of Communication plays a vital role in any organization, in the multinational corporation, MNC, when compared to any localized company. The communication among these channels plays a unique and major role in a MNC at the same time for any complexity in communication of the MNC requires an effective communication which is a challenging task to accomplish. TESCO Jack Cohen who was a stallholder for selling groceries in London market founded Tesco in 1919. In fact TESCO was formed out of a merger with T.E. The first store was opened in 1929 in Burnt Oak, Edgware in North West London where he bought the tea to sell in the stall. From there Tesco was expanded up to 2,200 stores which include hyper markets and Tesco express outlets across the world to satisfy the needs for every customer. Not only being as a company Tesco also provides different kinds of goods and services such as banking, online shopping and insurance to meet the customer satisfactory results becoming the Britain’s largest retail industry including in the other three continents and also making a profit margin of up to £3.4 billion with a 468,000 employee force. Tesco is now planning to make a move into market of non-foods with a goal to take a lead position in Asia and even in Central Europe. The Research Problem A in the fields of organizational strategies and internal communication has been conducted and it seems to be a threat regarding the communication and in theories of MNC’s. This research will therefore investigate the channels of communication and communication process of TESCO. In the scenario of practical environment this research will analyse the process of internal and external way of communication and the build the gap between the advantages and disadvantages of Tesco. Aims and Objectives The aim of this research is to investigate and expel the internal and external methods of communication there by focussing on the advantages and disadvantages (barriers), of TESCO. Objectives To study of the communication process in sTESCO To study of the channels of communication in TESCO To study of the internal and external communications of TESCO To find out the communication barriers in TESCO Literature review In any kind of business environment Communication can be described as an exchange of messages from one person to the other person and giving an acknowledgement of the particular message received is understood and expecting some kind of action as a result. According to Wilbur Schramm (1955), communication ‘is the process of establishing a commonness or oneness of thought between a sender and a receiver’. In other words, it helps employees to work towards the same goals, by giving them a similar direction through which effectiveness in communication is achieved and helps to create a base and direction for every activity. Communication process in TESCO The purpose of communication within an organisation such as Tesco would be to give information to its public and employees e.g. to perhaps inform staff of a future meeting, or to provide customers with details of a promotion. Also Tesco need to collect information e.g. such as personal details of employees, which would be needed for personnel records, or market research data on sales of products. Communication is needed to keep Tesco running smoothly, Tesco employees need to know what he/she has to do, and do it to the best of their ability’s. For Tesco to have a good reputation to the public they need to have good communication to eliminate errors, manage problems and deal efficiently with customers complaints/queries. Communication can take place internally (through bosses and employees, subordinates, colleagues) or it can take place externally (Customers, Suppliers, Media, Shareholders) In businesses, you will find that the point of communication is to influence something in the business. The message is often an instruction and the response should be that the job is done. Communication process Communication involves four elements: • A Sender • A Message • A Receiver • A Feedback These four elements are the principals to getting a message across in resulting in effective communication; you will also find that communication goes in all directions Tesco need to communicate with a range of individuals and organisations. Including their customers, their competitors and their suppliers. Good communication in Tesco is essential if it is going to achieve its objectives and to operate effectively. Tesco have a lot of channels of communication internally/externally between their functional areas. Channels of communication in TESCO Tesco being a large company with 729 stores in the U.K, 979 stores nationally, and employing 280 million nationally, means they have to use reliable sources of communication in order to run an efficient business. Channels of communication played a key role in TESCO. It has established various channels, formal, informal verbal, non-verbal oral, written, technological different electronically means to facilitate the transmission of information throughout the organization. Formal
The Pathway from Child Maltreatment to Juvenile Deliquency. Introduction Does early maltreatment influence rates of juvenile offending? Research has suggested a link between childhood maltreatment and juvenile delinquency. Both studies have suggested that early maltreatment in children can lead to later aggression and delinquency as they get older. These studies are helpful to identify and understand to what extent early physical abuse can result in juvenile offenses. As noted in both studies these effects can also vary because of factors such as race and gender. This means one group of individuals can have more problematic consequence than others. Juvenile Delinquency is an issue that is increasing itself as public health concern. An estimated 2.3 million arrests of individuals under the age of 18 were made by U.S law enforcement agencies in 2002 (Lansford 2007). For both studies researchers used prospective longitudinal design, it helped better explain the relationship that exists between child maltreatment and juvenile offensing. Summary Researchers identify this study as a prospective longitudinal study in which 330 children participated and were followed from the age of 5 to the age of 21. Children that were selected contained history or child maltreatment prior to the age of 4. Researchers used this study to be able to identify the path of maltreatment before the age 8 and delinquency assessed at age 12 (Lemmon 1999). The purpose of this study also was, whether children with physical abuse reports would engage in increased delinquent behavior. Researchers conducted this research at the University of North Carolina and prior to conducting the study caregivers were informed of the purpose of the study. They were told it was to further examine how different children develop and how they react with the challenges they experience. An important factor to consider was the children who were chosen had been removed from their homes between May 1990 and October 1991 because of maltreatment. They had been moving from home to home for an estimate of five months. In this study there was an estimate of 47.3 were male, 37.6 African American, 28.5% Caucasian, 16.7 Hispanic, 15.8 are racially mixed and 1.5% are another race (Lemmon 1999). Viewing the sample of children, it is clear to view it as ethnically diverse. To start off the study both the child and care giver were interviewed face to face every two years starting at the age of four. In order for researchers to maintain data they used the Maltreatment Classification System (MCS). Researchers were able to keep data organized by coding each report by the type and severity of maltreatment. Participants whom experienced maltreatment before the age of four were considered early and those whom experienced it between the ages of four and eight were considered late. All children in study 1 had a substantiated report of maltreatment prior to 3.5 years of age (Lemmon1999). In order to collect more data a teacher form was used. This form was used for teachers to assess any behavior problems for children of the ages between 5 and 18 while in school. As for the second study conducted, it was also identified as a prospective longitudinal design but was known as the child development study. With this study the research question that was brought up within researchers was “does early physical abuse relate to violent delinquency in late adolescence and early adulthood, independent of potential confounding variables?” (Lansford 2007). Researchers hypothesized “that physical abuse would relate to violent delinquency above and beyond the effects of other ecological and child risk” (Lansford 2007). The second research question asked was “Whether associations between early physical abuse and subsequent violent delinquency differ by race or gender” (Lansford 2007). Furthermore, researchers hypothesized that “physical abuser would have worse effects on African Americans than on European American youth and worse effects on females than on males.” (Lansford 2007). On top of this researchers were also interested into investigating to what extent physical abuse plays a role with children committing violent and nonviolent offenses. Participants that participated in this study were recruited when they entered kindergarten in the year of 1987 or 1988. The three sites that were selected with this study were Tennessee, Nashville, and Bloomington, Indiana. For this study parents were all chosen at random and asked whether they were interested in being part of the study. Of the families that were asked to participate about 75% agreed to participate which contained a sample of about 585 families. There was an estimate that 52% were male, 81% were European American, 17% were African American, and 2% were from other ethnic groups (Lansford 2007). Before the study was conducted mothers were asked sets of questions in order to learn the discipline strategies used at home and whether or not they have used physical discipline. Multiple assessments were made every two years such as the assessment at age 18 were participants were asked how many times in the past 12 months, they had engaged in each of 11 types of serious violence (Lansford 2007). The result of this study were adolescents who has been physically abused in the first 5 years of life were more likely to have been arrested as a juvenile for violent and nonviolent offenses, although they were not more likely to self-report serious violent or nonviolent delinquent behavior” (Lansford 2007). African Americans are seen to suffer more consequences when they are exposed to early maltreatment. This is because once they experience such abuse the likelihood, they will receive the proper care. There is also disproportionate representation of children of color who receive public sector services that, in turn, often exacerbate rather than ameliorate children’s problems (Lansford 2007). This is all seen when African Americans aern’t given the adequate services that they need. Synthesis Both studies were used to help further understand the effects child maltreatment has on children. Both studies are identified as perspective longitudinal studies which are seen as ethnically diverse because of the different races implemented in the studies. Research was obtained differently in both studies because in the first study those who were selected as participants had prior experience to child maltreatment before the age of 4. In the second study families were chosen at random to participate. They were both able to answer my research question because they were able to show adolescents who has been physically abused in the first 5 years of life were more likely to have been arrested as a juvenile for violent and nonviolent offenses, although they were not more likely to self-report serious violent or nonviolent delinquent behavior (Lansford 2007). This finding is consistent with the first study in which all children in study 1 had a substantiated report of maltreatment prior to 3.5 years of age (Lemmon1999). Both studies followed through with children as they got older. For the first study in order to collect more data. This form was used for teachers to assess any behavior problems for children of the ages between 5 and 18 while in school. This helped to get an in-depth response of the way children reacted towards experience of maltreatment. In the second study multiple assessments were given. This assessment was made every two years which included the assessment that was done at age 18. In this assessment participants were asked how many times in the past 12 months, they had engaged in each of 11 types of serious violence (Lansford 2007). Analysis In the first study listwise deletion was used to handle missing data because the sample size was too large. This resource is used in order to help if there is any missing data. In the second study there were a couple of limitations that researchers faced. The first limitation faced was the assessment of physical abuse was limited to the first five years of life. This isn’t as reliable because children face maltreatment further than the age of five. This limitation is countered, however, by the fact that children who were not physically abused by age 5 but were subsequently abused would have been classified into the nonabused group, which would have attenuated differences between the nonabused and abused groups (Lansford 2007). Another limitation that was faced is the lack of data on other types of child maltreatment. These include emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect. Not including this can lead to a less specific outcome because of such variables being left out. Another limitation that was faced in this study was the identification of physical abuse status did not take into consideration the chronicity or severity of the abuse, factors that importantly relate to the effects of abuse (Lansford 2007). This can be very important to consider Conclusion Following up on my research question whether or not early maltreatment influences rates of juvenile offending, researchers have found that child maltreatment does lead them to committing violent and nonviolent offenses. As proven in both studies “adolescents who had been physically abused in the first five years of life were more likely to self-report serious violent or nonviolent delinquent behavior” (Lansford 2007). These studies also help prove that multiple negative effects come in play when early maltreatment occurs. Further into my research it was also able to reveal that race and gender play an important role and it results in more problematic outcomes such as for African Americans and females. This is because they aren’t given the adequate services that they need References: Lansford, J. E., Miller-Johnson, S., Berlin, L. J., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E.,The Pathway from Child Maltreatment to Juvenile Deliquency
Writer’s Choice. Paper details Initial Post/Follow-up Post INITIAL POST: Navigate to the threaded discussion and respond to the following prompts: Select one short quotation (just a sentence or two) from the Lindblom article that stood out to you. Make sure that your colleagues have not already used it in their discussion posts. In your initial post, type the quote and include a full APA in-text citation. Then offer the class your public policy-related insights on your chosen quote. What can we learn from it as we pursue a career in the public policy realm? How does it add to what we have already learned? Defend your answer and be substantive in your response. This initial posting must be a minimum of one paragraph in length. Be sure to list the reference in correct APA format. Include a unique and meaningful SUBJECT line that summarizes your contribution. (It should not be the discussion title or number.)Writer’s Choice

Do the Essays “Arriving at Perfection” and “The Gettysburg Address” Provide the Reflections on the Essential Wisdom to be Deemed?

THESIS: Arriving at Perfection by Benjamin Franklin and The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln can be considered as the examples of reflections on the essential wisdom to be deemed. I. The personal improvement and unity of nation as the basic aspects of the essays of Franklin and Lincoln II. Literary techniques of the texts of The Gettysburg Address and Arriving at Perfection as a method of providing more persuasive and comprehensive narration III. Personal experience in the essay of Franklin and history of the country in the speech of Lincoln as the argumentative ground The Gettysburg Address is a speech of Abraham Lincoln dedicated to the soldiers of the Civil War in 1863. In the opposite, Benjamin Franklin wrote an essay Arriving at Perfection as in order to proclaim that everyone can try to be better. Both authors emphasize the significance of the everyday reflection, learning, training of memory, respect of the history in order to the personal improvement. The essays of two greatest Presidents can be considered as the examples of reflections on the essential wisdom to be deemed. Abraham Lincoln’s speech presented in the Gettysburg National Cemetery emphasizes an importance of the national memory, patriotism and bravery. This evocative message tries to consolidate the citizens and their patriotism. In spite of Lincoln, Franklin indicates the personal characteristics’ improvement as a basic method of cultural, social, career development. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lincoln analyses a capability of the nation, summarizing the consequences of the Civil War. Thus, he writes about a significant characteristic of the nation to “resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain” (Lincoln, 2010, p. 216). The country was in the middle of the Civil War, and the President could understand an importance of the citizens’ consolidation. For Lincoln, only future victory can be a real method to honor the fallen. In this case, the personal motivation and inspiration connect Lincoln’s speech with Franklin’s essay. Benjamin Franklin writes about his will to improve the personality. Being a perfectionist, Franklin describes his methods of improving the memory, composing a book with the names and ideas. As Lincoln says about the historical lessons that test the nation, Franklin says about the personal experience and mistakes as a ground that should be analyzed by everyone. Franklin (2010) describes his method of analyzing: I cross’d these Columns with thirteen red Lines, marking the Beginning of each Line with the first Letter of one of the Virtues, on which Line, and in its proper Column, I might mark, by a little black Spot, every Fault I found upon Examination to have been committed respecting that Virtue upon that Day. (p. 135) Franklin believed that such planning as a method of progress can help for the self-improvement. Only the rational methods seem Franklin correct and appropriate. Exploring the literary techniques of the texts of The Gettysburg Address and Arriving at Perfection, it is important to notice that both Presidents use eloquent language. Lincoln uses parallelism and contrast in order to emphasize the most important issues. Thus, he uses the contrast life-death: “The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract” (Lincoln, 2010, p. 216). It is an example of the successful use the literary method. Franklin in his essay uses a range of methods that help arriving more persuasive and comprehensive narration. Trying to show everyone how to improve their lives, Franklin uses straight tone without vague or sarcasm. He knows his goals and says exactly what he means. For instance, he provides a list with the names of virtues and their precepts. We will write a custom Essay on Do the Essays “Arriving at Perfection” and “The Gettysburg Address” Provide the Reflections on the Essential Wisdom to be Deemed? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Obviously, if one wants to show people how to live according to the high moral standards and motivation, it is necessary to use the strict and precise vocabulary and speech patterns. In case of Lincoln’s speech, the comprehensiveness and precision are also the significant elements. As well as Lincoln wants to persuade people to unite and arouse their patriotism, he appeals to the emotions, using the literary methods as the tools of creating the poetic quality. An example of the alliteration “poor power” is used in order to honor the brave heroes who died in the Civil War. The words choice such as use of us, we, nation helps Lincoln to show his will to unite the North and South. In ten sentences Lincoln effectively expresses his will to unite the nation, emphasizes a significance of the history and personal reflection, the wisdom to be deemed. The argumentative ground of the texts is different. Thus, Franklin uses the personal experience, describing the methods created and used by him, while Lincoln’s speech is based on the history of the country. Franklin says that everyone must use one’s mind and talent, improving the life, learning and creating more. The analysis helps understanding the mistakes and avoiding them in the future. Franklin says: “I wish’d to live without committing any Fault at any time; I would conquer all that either Natural Inclination” (2010, p. 133). Obviously, such way of reflection demonstrates a wise of the President and his reflections of the better results achievement. For Lincoln, the historical events are the ground of inspiration. He emphasizes a significance of the history in case of the national integration. He supports the arguments connecting the current conflict with the history and indicating the future perspectives of the nation. Two greatest American Presidents in their essays Arriving at Perfection and The Gettysburg Address provide the examples of reflections on the essential wisdom to be deemed. Using the different literary techniques, both authors emphasize the significance of the personal reflection in order to improve one’s life and to achieve the common goals. Franklin emphasizes a value of learning, training of memory and analyzing all events, facts and ideas that rise around us. For Lincoln, wisdom can be achieved by learning the history and respecting the national heroes. Obviously, for both authors, wisdom to be deemed is the most important characteristic of the human being, and they provide a clear demonstration of this statement in their essays. Not sure if you can write a paper on Do the Essays “Arriving at Perfection” and “The Gettysburg Address” Provide the Reflections on the Essential Wisdom to be Deemed? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference List Franklin, B. (2010). Arriving at Perfection. In R. DiYanni (Ed.), Fifty Great Essays (Penguin Academic Series) (4th ed.) (pp. 133-136). US: Longman. Lincoln, A. (2010). The Gettysburg Address. In R. DiYanni (Ed.), Fifty Great Essays (Penguin Academic Series) (4th ed.) (pp. 215-216). US: Longman.

Road Rage: Aggression on the Road Essay

essay writing help Driving is an involving activity and people experience many negative emotions especially if they are experiencing a traffic jam or if other drivers are acting inconsiderately. This might result in road rage, a condition caused by annoyance and that often results in aggression on the road. Road rage increases the probability of a driver committing traffic offences or even risking the lives of other road users. Stricter laws should therefore be passed to discourage people from engaging in road rage. Road rage causes aggressive driving which may result in fatal accidents. When a driver experiences road rage, he/she may engage in reckless driving in an effort to retaliate or frustrate the other driver. Some of these aggressive driving includes following other vehicles too closely and switching lanes at random and without indicating. Some drivers drive at excessive speeds and ignore stoplights because of road rage. Such behaviour increases the likelihood of accidents being caused by the driver who has road rage. Media reports reveal that the number of accidents caused by road rage is on the increase. This accidents are not only restricted to the drivers on the road. The lives of people not directly involved in the confrontation such as cyclists and pedestrians are also jeopardized by road rage. Road rage leads to distractions on the road as the driver focuses on activities such as verbal arguments with other drivers. In some instances of road rage, drivers engage each other in verbal insults or make rude hand gestures at each other. I have seen drivers stick their hands outside their windows as they engage other drivers in intense arguments. As they are doing this, their attention is not on the road. This is an important consideration since drivers are required to demonstrate high levels of alertness to the road and their surroundings at all times. This distraction caused by road rage increases the chances of causing an accident as the drivers focus less on the road. Road rage can cause physical fights between drivers with bad results. The high frustration experienced during road rage can cause drivers to physically attack each other. Because of the great anger felt, the physical violence can lead to severe consequences. For example, there are cases where the injuries inflicted on a driver lead to assault charges being made against the aggressive driver. A driver therefore risks having a criminal record because of damages inflicted because of road rage. In addition to the annoyance caused to other road users, road rage causes disturbance to businesses that are near the road. Road rage is often characterized by loud yelling by the drivers involved. Other drivers engage in unnecessary honking in an attempt to get the attention of the other drivers or to annoy them. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I have encountered this disruption at my favourite cafe, which happens to be near a road. The noise caused because of road rage often spoils the atmosphere at the cafe. Road rage disrupts the activities of nearby businesses, which have to deal with all the noise being generated. Increases in the cases of road rage have made our roads more unsafe than they were in the past. This paper has argued that stricter laws should be put in place to help discourage this behaviour. To support this claim, a discussion of some of the negative causes of road rage has been made. Every safety-minded citizen should support strict legislation against road rage in order to make the roads safe for everyone.

Digital Technology in Modern Society Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Digital technology analysis Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Technology has definitely become an important aspect of our daily lives. Whether directly or indirectly, people interact with technology on their daily basis and get affected differently. The manner in which individuals get affected further varies from one person to the other. This essay focuses on the impact of digital technology on our culture with special emphasis on how youths have been affected by various aspects of digital technology. To achieve this objective, views from three authors have been considered through comparative analysis. These authors are: Charles McGrath, Lakshmi Chaundhry and Will Wright. Digital technology analysis In his article, The Pleasures of the text, McGrath analyzes how digital technology has affected the manner in which young people communicate especially using mobile phones. With affordability of mobile phones having risen, messaging has gained preference among young people. He notes that the language of text messaging encompasses a wide range of elements like shorthand contractions, emoticons, acronyms and letter-number homophones (McGrath 1). He argues that this preference is based on the limited number of characters that a text message can accommodate and the less versatility nature of cell phone screens. He says “But because the typical cell phone screen can accommodate no more than 160 characters, and because the cell phone touchpad is far less versatile than the computer keyboard, text-messaging puts an even greater premium on concision” (McGrath 1). Because of the emerging texting trends, books have been written for acronyms like CWOT (complete waste of time) (McGrath 1). He further notes that text-messaging has mimicked hip hop so much that most commonly used characteristics are used by hip hoppers say, “a” for “er”. As a result, this form of texting that is common among young people is “lateral” and encourages mindlessness among users. It is a rude way of expressions especially in Britain where relationships are terminated using such messages. He further affirms that excessive use of this messaging style is common in developing countries where messages are more affordable than voice calls. This has also been promoted by culture like in China where voice messages symbolize rudeness among users (McGrath 1). On the other hand, Chaundhry argues that technology has created a new era of celebrities as people have endless opportunities to celebrate their heroes online. In his article, Mirror, Mirror on the Web, he notes that becoming a celebrity is no longer an honor in the digital world and that ordinary citizens have significantly grabbed these opportunities. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With the existence of mammoth technological ideas, the world is likely to change in several ways. He refers to this as progressive fantasy which is interlaced with collaboration, change and community (Chaundhry 1). Furthermore, Web 2.0 allows people to be worshipped, admired and idolized as majority of people derive pleasure in being considered as heroes and heroines. This notion has promoted self-promotion in the digital society as individuals aim at establishing personal fame on the web through countless links and accounts with different social websites. Unlike previous generations when celebs commanded honor and respect for their achievements, digital technology has eliminated the honor of being a celeb. Due to the public hunger for fame, the media always introduces programs that allow individuals to woo the public as their celebs. Additionally, Chaundhry argues that digital technology has reduced fame to public attention and separated it from the traditional achievements and wealth. As a result, fame has become a commodity that is only acquired through media publicity. This has its core roots in the young generation that some consider being famous as the definition of American dream. According to Chaundhry, “Since a key component of narcissism is the need to be admired and to be the center of attention, Generation Me’s attraction to fame is inevitable.”You teach kids they’re special” (1). It therefore suffices to mention that digital technology has promoted the desire for self-promotion and the need to seek public approval. As such, the cultural approach of becoming famous has been replaced with virtual personas among the youths. This obsession augmented by digital technology negates the need for achievement and success that traditionally characterized celebs. With regard to digital technology and its impact on our culture, Will Wright discusses how computer imaging and videogames have tremendously affected young people in the current generation. Unlike other forms of games, Wright notes that computer games are played through trial and error method as players rarely go through the manual in order to master rules and directions. However, he reiterates that videogames make young people to believe that the world is a place for creation and not consumption as perceived in olden days of structured learning. We will write a custom Essay on Digital Technology in Modern Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This can therefore be regarded as the impact of videogames on our culture even as we embrace digital technology. In his article, Dream Machines, Wright views videogames from a two-dimensional point of view as he describes the impact of this technology in the society. The negative side of videogames emphasizes the fact that these games are violent and affect the personality of young people who play them (Wright 1). Children who continuously play videogames usually end up becoming bullies at school or demonstrate some level of violence in their daily interactions. Additionally, videogames are addictive and time wasters. Many young people have replaced healthy and constructive leisure activities like excising with endless videogames which end up eating their time and rendering them into sedentary lifestyles. As stated by Wright, “Games have the potential to subsume almost all other forms of entertainment media. They can tell us stories, offer us music, give us challenges, allow us to communicate and interact with others, encourage us to make things, connect us to new communities, and let us play” (1). In other words, they can offer almost everything that a young person would look for in terms of music, tell stories and allow connection and communication among players. With the evolution of technology, videogames are likely to allow development of models to mimic what we like and do (Wright 1). Conclusion From the above analysis, it is more evident that digital technology has a wide range of effects to our culture and to the young generation. Chaundhry and McGrath agree with Wright that digital technology has negatively affected our culture. According to the three, this technology affects youths positively and negatively. McGrath discusses how message texting has changed by use of shorthand contractions, emoticons and acronyms. Similarly, Chaundhry concurs that social networks like YouTube have promoted self-promotion in the society and eliminated the role of achievements and success in defining ones fame. The same stance is taken by Wright who affirms that videogames have negatively affected youths by promoting violence, addiction and wastage of time. Works Cited Chaundhry, Lakshmi. “Mirror, Mirror on the Web.” The Nation. 2007. Web. McGrath, Charles. “The Pleasures of the Text”. The New York Times. 2006. Web. Not sure if you can write a paper on Digital Technology in Modern Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Wright, Will. “Dream Machines.” Wired. 2006. Web.

Saint Cloud State University Investing Money in Risky Assets Discussion

Saint Cloud State University Investing Money in Risky Assets Discussion.

hi,I just want you to type your own opinions on your own words without sources, its a discussion. Answer these two related questions in different word files, 2 word files in total about 2-3 paragraphs each one. READ the discussions carefully and type your thoughts and opinions on your own words carefully:Topics :1- You own stock in Gentry Company, and you read in the financial press that a recent bond offering has raised the firm’s debt/equity ratio from 35 percent to 55 percent. Discuss the effect of this change on the variability of the firm’s net income stream, other factors being constant. Discuss how this change would affect your required rate of return on the common stock of Gentry Company.2- “Young people with little wealth should not invest money in risky assets such as the stock market, because they can’t afford to lose what little money they have.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Why?*note* this is a finance class.
Saint Cloud State University Investing Money in Risky Assets Discussion