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Cell Division Mitosis And Meiosis Biology Essay

Cell Division Mitosis And Meiosis Biology Essay. The cell cycle describes the sequence of events that occurs during the life of most eukaryotic cells. It spans through mitosis and cytokinesis,( together referred to as the M phase), then through interphase (G1, S, and G2.) Cell division involves the distribution of identical genetic material, DNA, to two daughter cells. It consists of two phases, nuclear division followed by cytokinesis. Nuclear division divides the genetic material in the nucleus, while cytokinesis divides the cytoplasm.There are two kinds of nuclear division-mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis divides the nucleus so that both daughter cells are genetically identical. In contrast, meiosis is a reduction division, producing genetically variable daughter cells that contain half the genetic information of the parent cell. In either mitosis or meiosis, the whole process begins with the condensation(shortening and thickening) of the genetic material, chromatin, into tightly coiled bodies, the chromosomes. Each chromosome is made of two identical halves called sister chromatids joined at the centromere. Each chromatid consists of a single, tightly coiled molecule of DNA, the genetic material of the cell. In diploid cells, there are two copies of every chromosome, forming a pair, called homologous chromosomes. In a homologous pair of chromosomes, one homologue originated from the maternal parent, the other from the paternal parent. Mitosis There are four phases in mitosis – prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Prophase – The nucleoli disappear and the chromatin condenses into chromosomes → the nuclear envelope is degraded → the mitotic spindle is assembled. The development of the mitotic spindle begins as the centrosomes move apart to opposite ends (or poles) of the nucleus. As they move apart, microtubules develop from each centrosome. Microtubules from each centrosome connect to a specialized region in the centromere called a kinetochore. Metaphase – The chromosomes are distributed across the metaphase plate, an imaginary plane lying at the equator, between the two poles of the spindle. Metaphase ends when the microtubules, still attached to the kinetochores, pull each chromosome apart into two chromatids. Each chromatid is complete with a centromere and a kinetochore. Once separated from its sister chromatid, each chromatid is called a chromosome. Anaphase – Begins after the chromosomes are separated into sister chromatids. The microtubules connected to the chromatids shorten, thus, pulling the chromosomes to opposite poles. The microtubules shorten due to uncoupling of tubulin units at their chromosome ends. At the end of anaphase, each pole has a complete set of chromosomes, the same number of chromosomes as the original cell. Since they consist of only one chromatid, each chromosome contains only a single copy of the DNA molecule. Telophase – The process of nuclear division is completed here. A nuclear envelope develops around each pole, forming two nuclei. The chromosomes within each of these nuclei disperse into chromatin, and the nucleoli reappear. A constitutive part of the Telophase called Cytokinesis (in my opinion)creates two daughter cells by a process known as cytoplasmic cleavage. Whereas conventional mitosis is all about nuclear division into two daughter nuclei, cytokinesis embodies cytoplasmic division to form two cells. Interphase – Sequel to completion of mitosis (cytokinesis, inclusive), interphase begins. It is the ‘resting period’ (The cell is not actively dividing) , and arguably the ‘growth period’ of the cell cycle. This growth period is divided into three phases, designated G1, S, and G2 based of their inherent activities. Although the labels G1 and G2 are associated with growth and S with synthesis, it is worth noting that growth takes place during all three phases. However, S phase marks the time during which the second DNA molecule for each chromosome is synthesized. As a result of this DNA replication, each chromosome that appears at the beginning of the next mitotic division will appear as two sister chromatids. During the G2 period of growth, materials for the next mitotic division are prepared. Meiosis Meiosis is very similar to mitosis, however, major distinction is that meiosis consists of two groups of divisions, meiosis I and meiosis II (both consisting of 4 sub-stages) and occurs only in sexually reproducing organisms. In meiosis I homologous chromosomes pair at the metaphase plate, and then the homologues migrate to opposite poles, while, in meiosis II, chromosomes spread across the metaphase plate and sister chromatids separate and migrate to opposite poles. Thus, meiosis II is analogous to mitosis. A summary of each meiotic stage follows: Meiosis I Prophase I Starts like prophase of mitosis. The nucleolus disappears → chromatin condenses into chromosomes→ the nuclear envelope dissolves→ the spindle apparatus develops. Unlike mitosis, however, once the chromosomes are condensed, homologous chromosomes pair, a process called synapsis. These pairs of homologous chromosomes are called tetrads (a group of four chromatids) or bivalents (two pairs). During synapsis, corresponding regions along non-sister chromatids form close associations called chiasmata – sites where genetic material is exchanged between non-sister homologous chromatids, a process called crossing over. Metaphase I Homologous pairs of chromosomes are spread across the metaphase plate. Microtubules extending from one pole are attached to the kinetochore of one member of each homologous pair. Microtubules from the other pole are connected to the second member of each homologous pair. Anaphase I Commences when homologues within tetrads uncouple as they are pulled to opposite poles. Telophase I Chromosomes are located at their respective poles, and a nuclear membrane develops around them. Each pole forms a new nucleus that will have half the number of chromosomes, but each chromosome will contain two chromatids. Since daughter nuclei will have half the number of chromosomes, cells that they eventually form will be haploid. As part of telophase I, the cells begin cytokinesis and form cleavage furrows or cell plates. In other species, cytokinesis is delayed until after meiosis II. Also, a short interphase II may begin. No replication of chromosomes occurs during this period. Instead, part II of meiosis begins in both daughter nuclei. Meiosis II Prophase II The nuclear envelope disappears and the spindle develops. There are no chiasmata and no crossing over of genetic material as in prophase I. Metaphase II Chromosomes align singly on the metaphase plate (not in tetrads as in metaphase I). Single alignment of chromosomes is exactly what happens in mitosis except that now there is only half the number of chromosomes. Anaphase II Each chromosome is pulled apart into two chromatids by the microtubules of the spindle apparatus. The chromatids (now chromosomes) migrate to their respective poles. Similar to what happens in mitosis except that now there is only half the number of chromosomes. Telophase II The nuclear envelope reappears at each pole and cytokinesis occurs. The end result of meiosis is four haploid cells (chromosome makeup of each daughter cell designated by n). Each cell contains half the number of chromosomes, and each chromosome consists of only one chromatid. Later in interphase, a second chromatid in each chromosome is replicated, but the cell will still have only half the number of chromosomes. Consequence of Meiotic Error Sometimes, a set of chromosomes has an extra or a missing chromosome. This occurs because of non-disjunction -the chromosomes failed to separate properly during meiosis. This error, which produces the wrong number of chromosomes in a cell, results in severe genetic defects. For example, humans typically have 23 pairs of chromosomes, but individuals with Down’s syndrome have three-instead of two-copies of the 21st chromosome. A condition known as trisomy and designated as 2n 1 Chromosomal abnormalities also occur if one or more segments of a chromosome break. The most common example is translocation (a segment of a chromosome moves to another chromosome). Translocation involves transposons, DNA segments that have the ability to move around the genome. Sometimes when they move, they leave behind mutations, and they can cause mutations by inserting into a gene. Fortunately, in most cases, damaged DNA can usually be repaired with special repair enzymes. A Comparison between Mitosis and Meiosis Regulation of the Cell Cycle The cell-cycle control system triggers the events of the cell cycle and ensures that these events are properly timed and occur in the correct order. The control system responds to various intracellular and extracellular signals and arrests the cycle when the cell either fails to complete an essential cell-cycle process or encounters unfavourable environmental or intracellular conditions. This control system comprises of several checkpoints – a critical control point in the cell cycle. Major checkpoints include G1, G2, and M checkpoints G1 checkpoint – the Restriction Point. It ensures that the cell is large enough to divide, and that enough nutrients are available to support the resulting daughter cells. G2 checkpoint – ensures that DNA replication in S phase has been completed successfully Metaphase checkpoint – ensures that all of the chromosomes are attached to the mitotic spindle by a kinetochore. Cyclin-dependent protein kinases (Cdks) – as the name implies, depend on cyclin for their activity. Oscillations in the activities of various cyclin-Cdk complexes control various cell-cycle events. Thus, actuation of S-phase cyclin-Cdk complexes (S-Cdk) initiates S phase, while activation of M-phase cyclin-Cdk complexes (M-Cdk) triggers mitosis. The mechanisms that control the activities of cyclin-Cdk complexes include phosphorylation of the Cdk subunit, binding of Cdk inhibitor proteins (CIPs), proteolysis of cyclins, and changes in the transcription of genes encoding Cdk regulators. The cell-cycle control system also depends crucially on two additional enzyme complexes, the anaphase promoting complex (APC) and SCF ubiquitin ligases, which catalyze the ubiquitylation and consequent destruction of specific regulatory proteins that control critical events in the cycle. Growth factors – Cellular plasma membranes have receptors for external molecules, or growth factors, that stimulate a cell to divide. One such growth factor is produced by damaged cells, stimulating other cells to divide. More than 50 different growth factors are known. Density-dependent inhibition – Conventionally, cells stop dividing when the surrounding cell density reaches a certain maximum. Anchorage dependence – Some cells cannot divide except they are attached to an external surface, such as the flat surface of a neighbouring cell (or the side of a culture dish). Cells Which No Longer Respond to Cell-Cycle Controls – Cancer Cells Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth and division. Transformed/Mutated cells, cells that have become cancerous, proliferate without regard to cell cycle checkpoints (Cancer cells do not exhibit contact inhibition), density-dependent inhibition (If cultured, they continue to grow on top of each other when the total area of the petri dish has been covered ), anchorage dependence, and other regulatory mechanisms (or possess abnormal signal transduction sequences which falsely convey growth signals thereby bypassing normal growth checks). Thus, cancer is a disease of the cell cycle. Acknowledgement – All diagrams/tables were got from http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/f05pm/lect13.htm Cell Division Mitosis And Meiosis Biology Essay
A multinational clothing company is considering sponsoring a national sports team in the forthcoming World Cup in Qatar. INSTRUCTIONS Use a SMART to show how it could help them decide on where to locate their temporary headquarters during the Games. Use a Decision Matrix so show how it could help them choose which national team to sponsor Use a Decision Tree to show how it could improve on the Decision Matrix in helping them choose a national team to sponsor Use a Sensitivity Analysis to show how it could help analyse the risk of the choice made by the Decision Tree. Along with each of the frameworks with the appropriate calculations, provide a question by question explanation of the steps taken and the conclusion reached
Table of Contents Introduction Employee’s relation Interview findings Comparison with expectations Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The human resource department is one of the most important and fundamental department in any organization. This is because it oversees the work and the welfare of the organization’s most important resource, its workers. In essence, the employees of any organization are the most important resource an organization can have (Bass 25). Most research that has been done since the inception of industrialization has shown the need to invest in a department that manages the human resource (Davis12). The human resource is further subdivided into several departments that deal with different issues in the human management department. Such departments include; employee relations, benefits, compensation, recruitment and organization development among others depending on the organization. These resourcing departments work jointly within the organization in order to ensure employee satisfaction. Workers satisfaction consequently increases the rate of production of the company in general. Psychologically, it has been proved that human beings should be handled with respect and treated fairly in order to ensure that they work optimally and deliver their services even beyond the expectation of the employer (Lawrence 55). If an organization is insensitive to its employees, the rate of production and the overall performance of the company will be adversely affected in the long run. In essence, such organizations don’t last in the market especially considering the ever increasing competition from other firms that invest in its workers (Hurley 43). This paper is therefore going to concentrate in one area of the human resource department which is employee relations. In order to ensure a complete view of the whole resourcing department in general, an interview with one of the resourcing manager in this field was conducted. The objective of the interview was to establish the path that this individual had followed to achieve the current position and probably the responsibilities that surrounds his/her career. These responsibilities are essentially the challenges that the individual has encountered in the path of ensuring that the working conditions of within the organization are suitable and conducive for human development. Employee’s relation Employee relation is one of the major and important departments in the human resource department. It deals with various aspects that entail the daily requirements imperative for the company’s workers to work optimally (Lillian 121). Some of the responsibilities of the employee relation include; enhancing quality and efficiency of all workers in the organization, establishing and maintaining positive relationship between the management and the employees of an organization, handling conflicts and their root causes in the organization and providing equitable and fair services to all employees of an organization among others (Wurgler 590). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The interview process that was carried out aimed to establish several facts that surround these responsibilities of the human resource department in employee relation. The objective of the process was thus to link theoretical aspect employed in employee relation and the field experience from a person who has practised in an organization. The relevant questions asked in the research process were as attached in the appendix of the paper. Interview findings The interview was carried out on phone, the person that was chosen for the interview process works for Boise State University in Idaho and her name is Victoria. She was chosen because of her role as an employee relation careers in the University and of course as a result of her collaboration to sacrifice some time for the process. The findings of the interview process as carried out according to the attached questions yielded the following results; Victoria had worked in the department of Human resource for a decade and five years in the employee relation section of the human resource department. According to her, she was has the passion to join the human resource department because of her perspective on the need to psychologically enhance the production of human beings through simple and effective ways of human psychology. She appreciates overseeing challenges that are inevitable in today’s working condition. She achieves quality and efficiency of the employees in the institution by enhancing their ego through proper compensation plan and bonuses for exceptional work in the organization. According to Victoria, positive relationship between the management and the employees is enhanced through frequent meetings and sustainable communication within the institution. Concerning the sensitive issue of conflict management and resolution, Victoria ensures that any conflicts that arise in the organization are handled immediately and the root cause of the conflict established. She further ensures that the process is fair and transparent, a situation that leads to a win/win among the conflicting parties. If the problem escalates and is beyond the control of the institution, she supports the legal process of the country’s judicial system. In order to ensure that justice and fairness is upheld within the institution, she also ensures that employees within the same rank earn equivalent salaries and bonuses, the rise in job groups also goes with addition of certain percentage in the income of the individual. Lastly Victoria ensures that there is a fruitful feedback and appropriate recommendation for the institutions employees a factor that promotes their unity and efficiency. We will write a custom Report on Interview of a HR professional specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Comparison with expectations Based on research and scientific findings (Simon 22), there is need to enhance employees efficiency and care through alignment of the resourcing departments of the organization. As evident in the findings of this research process, the human resource management of Boise State University in Idaho ensures that this is done. Victoria evidently relays of theoretical training of compensation plan and the need to motivate employees through a well organized and structured platform. Such platform and compensation plan improves the psychological and ego of the employees (Hartman 33), they feel important and appreciated. Boise State University through Victoria and the entire resourcing department have management to maintain a low employee turnover. The sensitive issues of conflict resolution and establishment of the root cause of the problem is well managed in the organization with the help of Victoria, a win/win situation is always created in the institution a factor that is supported theoretically(Lukoff 51). Bell (6) supports the idea of allowing then country’s judicial system to take over matters that are beyond the organization through provision of support by the institution. This is evident in the Boise State University through the help and collaboration of Victoria among other members of the resourcing department in the institution. Considering that an institution should have a well planned and management feedback system (Bass 23), the feedback from the employees of an organization provides the management an idea of the activities and specifically the mindset of the company’s employees at any time. This is an important consideration in an organization that will ensure that there is a minimal if no employee turnover. Boise State University has succeeded in doing so because of the resourcing management professionalism and efficiency spearheaded by Victoria. According to studies and researcher that have been conducted over time, it is clear that employees need to be treated and handled in a human manner in order for them to deliver adequately. Conclusion There is clear evidence provided by the interview process and the theoretical research process that there exist positive relationships between these two factors. Importantly therefore, there is need to maintain a positive relationship between the management or the employer and the company’s employees. This relationship boosts the performance of the company considerably. Ethics also necessitates the need for a balanced working condition among workers. The compensation scheme set by the company’s management should thus promote the efficiency of the employees by being fair and balanced. As evident from both the theory and interview process, it is important to ensure a balanced conflict management and possible resolutions. In cases that exceed the organization, the judicial system should be supported in its efforts to practise judgement over the issue. Lastly, the feedback from the employees is important in ensuring that the expectations and the view of the employees on various issues of the organization are known to the management of the institution. This will aid in reducing the number of employee turnover in the organization and instead improve the company’s productivity and efficiency. Not sure if you can write a paper on Interview of a HR professional by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Bass B and Bass, R. The Bass handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. New York: Free Press. 2008. P 23-34. Bell, Gordon C and Allen N. Human Resource management. New York: McGraw- Hill Book Company, 2004.P.1-7. Davis and Martin. Human Resource Organizational Management. New York: Norton

Arizona State University Culture According Usama ibn Munqidh Memoirs Questions

Arizona State University Culture According Usama ibn Munqidh Memoirs Questions.

[1-How does ‘Usama ibn Munqidh Memoirs’ (source 9.6) describe Frankish culture and who does he list as his friends?2-Culturally, what is the significance of the depiction in ‘Excerpts from the Qur’an’ (source 9.1) of Abraham offering his son Ishmail as a sacrifice rather than Isaac? How would this important difference shape Arab and Muslim identity?3-Compare the approach to Islamic doctrine in ‘ibn Rushd, On the Harmony of Religious Law and Philosophy’ (source 9.7) to ‘al-Ghazali, The Deliverer from Error’ (source 9.3). How are they different? How are they similar?4-Is there a contradiction between the characterization of Aristotle in ‘Maimonides, Guide for the Perplexed’ (source 9.8) as ‘chief of philosophers’ and his close reading of Hebrew scripture?5-‘Ibn Isaq, The Life of Muhammad’ (source 9.2) is an important document for understanding the history of the early Muslim community. Reading this excerpt from the ‘night journey’, what impact do you think the Prophet’s vision of paradise would have on believers?1-How truthful if Procopius’s biographical sketch in ‘Two Views of the Emperor Justinian’, from The Secret History (source 8.1)? What motives could have influenced the way he describes Justinian and Theodora? 2-What kinds of difficulties and temptations does Dhuoda in ‘Handbook for William’ (source 8.6) warn her son about?3-What considerations might have promoted the Romans to withdraw from Britain in the fifth century as described by ‘Gildas, On the Ruin and Conquest of Britain (source 8.2)?4-According to , How does Benedict’s goal of a solitary life, depicted in ‘Gregory the Great, “Life of St Benedict”‘ (source 8.4), relate to those of the ‘desert fathers’ of the Church?5- How are the needs of the spirit and the body contrasted throughout the life of Pope Gregory the Great depicted in ‘Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People’ (source 8.5)?
Arizona State University Culture According Usama ibn Munqidh Memoirs Questions

Florida International University Week 5 Behavior and Mental Health Assessment

assignment writer Florida International University Week 5 Behavior and Mental Health Assessment.

I’m working on a nursing writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.

Requirements: topic is Behavior and mental health advance physical assesment in different populations NOTE: Complete the NR 509 Alternative Writing Assignment ONLY if you did not attend or do not plan to attend Debriefing for the given week. This paper will be appraised on the quality of the information, inclusion of at least one evidence-based scholarly source, use of citations, use of Standard English grammar, and organization based on the required components (see the paper headings and content details below).Scholarly sources: Only scholarly sources are acceptable for citation and reference in this course. These include peer reviewed publications, government reports, or sources written by a professional or scholar in the field. Your textbook and lesson are not considered to be an outside scholarly source. For the discussions and reflection posts, reputable internet sources such as websites by government agencies (URL ends in .gov) and respected organizations (often ends in .org) can be counted as scholarly sources. The best outside scholarly source to use is a peer-reviewed nursing journal. You are encouraged to use the Chamberlain library and search one of the available data bases for a peer-reviewed journal article. The following sources should not be used: Wikipedia, Wikis, or blogs. These web sites are not considered scholarly as anyone can add to these. Please be aware that .com websites can vary in scholarship and quality. For example, the American Heart Association is a .com site with scholarship and quality. It is the responsibility of the student to determine the scholarship and quality of any .com site. Ask your instructor before using any site if you are unsure. Points will be deducted from the rubric if the site does not demonstrate scholarship or quality. Current outside scholarly sources must be published with the last 5 years. Instructor permission must be obtained BEFORE the assignment is due if using a source that is older than 5 years.The length of the paper is to be no less than 1,500 words, excluding title page and reference list.Create this assignment using Microsoft (MS) Word. You can tell that the document is saved as a MS Word document because it will end in “.docx.”APA format (current edition) is required in this assignment, explicitly for in-text citations and the reference list. Use 12-point Times New Roman font with 1 inch margins and double spacing. See the APA manual for details regarding proper citation.Organize the headings and content of your paper using the outline below:Select a body system relevant to the lesson from the previous week for the topic of this paper. For example, if you are writing this assignment for Week 2, then select the HEENT, Respiratory, or Integumentary system as the focus for the paper (not all three systems). NOTE: If you are writing this assignment for Week 1, select the Health History as the topic of the paper.Discuss the physiology (structure and function) of the body system including details about the major organ systems (if applicable). NOTE: If you are writing the assignment for Week 1, provide an overview of interviewing techniques.Construct relevant health history questions (subjective data) pertaining to the body system. NOTE: If writing the assignment for Week 1, construct relevant health history questions for all body systems as included on the review of systems (ROS).Provide an overview of the objective data and expected normal physical examination findings for this body system. NOTE: If writing this assignment for Week 1, provide the expected normal subjective findings for each body systems on the ROS.Explain special physical assessment examination techniques or procedures specific to assessing this body system. NOTE: If writing the assignment for Week 1, explain advanced interview techniques.Analyze and discuss how you might adapt your physical assessment skills or interviewing techniques to accommodate each of the following specific populations:Infant/pediatricPregnancyGeriatricIdentify one major disease or disease process that may significantly impact this body system. NOTE: If writing the assignment for Week 1, identify one disease process or condition that may significantly hinder conducting a Health History interview.Synthesis and discuss the expected abnormal physical examination findings that may be associated with this disease or disease process.Summarize the key points.References in correct APA formatASSIGNMENT CONTENT Category Points % Description Application of Knowledge, Analysis, and Clarity 10 33.33 The quality of this criterion will be evaluated based upon the following:demonstration of analysis, synthesis, and/or application of principles and concepts consistent with the principles of advanced physical assessment; relevance of content specific to the topic; expected normal findings, appropriate health history questions, and organization and clear presentation of information. Adapted Physical Assessment Skills to Special Populations, Disease Process, Summary, and Scholarly Source 10 33.33 The quality of this criterion will be evaluated based upon the following: discussion regarding how to adapt physical assessment skills or techniques to accommodate all special populations; identification and discussion of one major disease or disease process and expected examination findings; and summation ofkey points. Must include at least one scholarly source to support the paper. Total CONTENT Points= 20 pts ASSIGNMENT FORMAT Category Points % Description Grammar, Spelling, Syntax, Mechanics,APA Format, and Word Requirement 10 33.33 The assignment has minimal grammar, spelling, syntax, punctuation and APA* errors. Direct quotes (if used) is limited to 1 short statement** which adds substantively to the post. The length of the paper is not less than 1,500 words, excluding title page and reference list. * APA style references and in text citations are required; however, there are no deductions for errors in indentation or spacing of references. All elements of the reference otherwise must be included. **Direct quote should not to exceed 15 words & must add substantively to the discussion Total FORMAT Points= 10 pts ASSIGNMENT TOTAL= 30 points RubricNR509 Weeks 1-6 Alternative Writing Assignment_Sept19NR509 Weeks 1-6 Alternative Writing Assignment_Sept19CriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAssignment Content Possible Points = 20 PointsCriterion 1Application of Knowledge, Analysis, and ClarityMust demonstrate the following elements:Select an appropriate topic or focus for the assignment;Demonstrate analysis, synthesis, and/or application of principles and conceptsconsistent with advanced physical assessment;Provide appropriate health history questions;Identify the expected normal findings;Content is specific to the topic;Paper is organized and clearly presented.(6 Required Elements)10 ptsExcellentDemonstrates all elements of the Criterion9 ptsV. GoodMissing 1 element of the Criterion8 ptsSatisfactoryMissing 2 elements of the Criterion5 ptsNeeds ImprovementMissing 3 elements of the Criterion0 ptsUnsatisfactoryMissing 4 or more elements OR No assignment10 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCriterion 2 Adapted Physical Assessment Skills to Special Populations, Disease Process, Summary, and Scholarly SourcesMust demonstrate the following elements:Discuss how to adapt physical assessment skills or techniques to accommodate all special populations;Identify one major disease or disease process and expected examination findings;Demonstrate appropriate knowledge of physical assessment examination techniques or procedures;Identify abnormal findings;Summarize key pointsMust include at least one scholarly source(6 Required Elements)10 ptsExcellentDemonstrates all elements of the Criterion9 ptsV. GoodMissing 1 element of the Criterion8 ptsSatisfactoryMissing 2 elements of the Criterion5 ptsNeeds ImprovementMissing 3 elements of the Criterion0 ptsUnsatisfactoryMissing 4 or more elements OR No assignment10 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Assignment Format Possible Points = 10 Points Format Criterion 1Grammar, Spelling, Syntax, Mechanics, APA Format, and Word RequirementNOTE: Failure to comply with the word requirements for this assignment will result in the grade of zero (0) for this Criterion.10 ptsExcellent0-1 errors in grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format9 ptsV. Good2-3 errors in grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format8 ptsSatisfactory4-5 errors in grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format5 ptsNeeds Improvement6-7 errors in grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format0 ptsUnsatisfactory8 or more errors in grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format Or Less than 1,500 words, excluding title page and reference list OR No assignment10 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Late Penalty Deductions Students are expected to submit assignments by the time they are due. Assignments submitted after the due date and time will receive a deduction of 10% of the total points possible for that assignment for each day the assignment is late. Assignments will be accepted, with penalty as described, up to a maximum of three days late, after which point a zero will be recorded for the assignment. and discussions are not considered assignments and are not part of the late assignment policy.0 ptsMinus Points0 ptsMinus Points0 ptsTotal Points: 30
Florida International University Week 5 Behavior and Mental Health Assessment

PJM 460 CSUGC Role of Leadership in Successful Change Project Paper

PJM 460 CSUGC Role of Leadership in Successful Change Project Paper.

Option #1: Organizational Leadership: Initiating Phase
You have been selected as the Project Manager for an Enterprise Resource Planning project that involves transitioning your Sub-business Unit from the JDE Edwards ERP system to the SAP ERP system. This project is a part of a larger vertical supply chain integration strategic initiative to consolidate multiple business units in your corporation that are in the same supply chain into a single consolidated Major Business Unit to enhance competitiveness in the marketplace.
Page 413 of the course textbook lists eight options that can be utilized by leaders attempting to successfully affect change. Match each of the options with one of the following eight project stakeholders and explain the relationship between that option and that stakeholder during the project initiation phase:

Functional Managers who must each assign a member of their staff to your project team
Individual team members who have been assigned to your team by their Functional Managers
The majority of employees in all functional departments who will have to learn to use the new ERP system and are either supportive of the change or neutral about it
The minority of employees in all functional departments who will have to learn to use the new ERP system and are vocal about their resistance to the change
PMs in other Sub- Business Units who are managing projects to implement SAP in their Sub-Business Units within the same Major Business Unit
Suppliers who will be ultimately be receiving PO’s from SAP instead of JDE
IT personnel who are experts in JDE but must now become experts in SAP and on whom you will rely for technical support
Executive managers who are concerned about the transition from JDE to SAP disrupting their functional areas and ability to achieve their objectives.

Your well-written paper should contain a section title for each of the eight options listed on the textbook page linked to above. Within each section, you should explain why you feel that option is particularly applicable to one of the eight stakeholder groups and discuss how the option could be leveraged to help the project be successful.
Submission Requirements:

Select at least three credible, peer-reviewed, scholarly sources (published within the last five years) from the CSU-Global Library. These should be in addition to course textbooks, required or recommended readings, or lecture material that you decide to use.
Be clear, concise, and focused. Be sure to properly organize your writing and after the title on page 2, include an introduction with a thesis; headings/subheadings for the body of your work; analysis and recommendations (if applicable); a conclusion; list of references; and any appendices.

Option #2: Organizational Leadership: Initiating Phase
Select a hypothetical project, a project with which you have personal familiarity, or a project you research either in the CSU-Global Library or on the internet. Summarize each of the following suggestions by Lussier and Achua (2015) for successful change execution, describe it, and use an example situation or aspect from your selected project in your discussion for each suggestion:

“Continuing to articulate a compelling reason for the change.
Eliminate policies, procedures, and behaviors that undermine change efforts.
Maintaining adequate human, financial and material resources.
Forming a coalition of supporters and experts to counter any opposition.
Celebrating milestones along the way.
Staying the course in spite of perceived difficulties.
Incentivizing workers with recognition and rewards.
Keeping the process transparent.” (p. 413)

Your paper should include the following titled sections:

Introduction
Summary of Selected Project
A titled section for each of the Lussier and Achua sections listed on page 413 of the textbook. You may abbreviate. For example, you could abbreviate “Celebrating milestones along the way” (Lussier & Achua, 2015, p. 413) to “Celebrating Milestones” in order to create a concise section title.
Conclusion
References.

Submission Requirements:

Select at least three credible, peer-reviewed, scholarly sources (published within the last five years) from the CSU-Global Library. This should be in addition to course textbooks, required or recommended readings, or lecture material you decide to use.
Format your entire paper according to the CSU-Global Guide to Writing & APA (Links to an external site.).
Be clear, concise, and focused. Be sure to properly organize your writing. After the title on page 2, include an introduction with a thesis and mapping for your paper. Include headings/subheadings for the body of your work as well as analysis and recommendations (if applicable), a conclusion, list of references, and any appendices.

PJM 460 CSUGC Role of Leadership in Successful Change Project Paper

A group discussion

A group discussion. I’m stuck on a English question and need an explanation.

Module 6 is light on reading but is still quite busy as you will see. First, we read the two Sylvia Plath poems, “Daddy” and “Mirror” as directed. Then of course we view the two and listen to them on YouTube. In the case of these two poems, many students say that without the YouTube support, particularly in the case of “Daddy,” they would not have been able to determine what was going on. There are other versions of both poems online as well as other Plath poems being read and presented. Feel free to indulge in as many as you feel motivated to visit and explore.
After your reading and viewing the video presentations, take part in the week’s discussions. As you might guess, this material provokes a lot of though and some very good commentary. Participate as you are motivated to do so, but certainly recall that more is better and that if we could weigh your contribution on a set of scales we would, and the most points would go to the winner every week.

Module 6: Discussing Two Plath Poems
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This week we are going to read Sylvia Plath’s “Daddy” and then go to Youtube and view and listen to Plath herself reading her poem “Daddy.” Then, while on YouTube, listen to oliviam16 read Plath’s poem “Mirror.” After you are finished, return to the our Discussion and answer the following questions:
1) How different is the experience of reading “Daddy” as opposed to hearing Plath read it and seeing the video? Explain?
2) Does the poem, “Mirror” work with the mirror itself as the poem’s narrator? Why or why not?
3) What do you particularly like or dislike about either poem? Explain and give examples.
4) How does Plath use the imagery of Nazi Germany in her poem? Does it work? Why? How?
5) What does the narrator of “Daddy” mean when she says, “If I have killed one man, I have killed two”? Explain.
6) Does the narrator seem to love or hate her father? Explain.
7) Is the poem “Mirror” about changes? If so, what changes?
8) If you have anything, any comment, any question, anything at all further to post about either poem, please do so.
Do not forget that each week we are required to respond to at least TWO other student posts with good substantive discussions.
A group discussion