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case study analysis

case study analysis.

Post your Leadership Case Problem answers to either case A chapter 1 and case B of chapter 2 to the Discussion Board. You should fully analyze the case studies by first identifying the key issues and likely root causes before you attempt to answer the questions in the textbook associated with each case study. The length of your post should range between 500 words minimum. Include the following elements Key Issues:Contributory Factors:The Root Cause:Solutions:AdvantagesDisadvantages:Final Suggestions Answer questions at end of casesSee attached for cases and questions. Please label the questions
case study analysis

How European begun to move ahead of the rest of the world in the scientific knowledge Europe has a very strong base in scientific knowledge, which it utilizes at a very important asset over other continents in the world. Due to this scientific base, Europe has become a world class in various researches. Europe has well-improved scientific knowledge transfer in its institutions. The scientific knowledge in Europe has had its history. During the middle ages, Europe had a lot of difficulties that affected its intellectual production. However, there were the medieval scientific texts available to be read leading to the understanding that nature functions under laws that when there is reason, comprehension can be achieved very fast. The phenomena of the universe were approached through scientific study through elaboration of texts. It was possible for the European to question the doctrines of science, and do research to find new answers in science leading to developments in science in Europe. Europe had many learned and thoughtful people who even when there were problems in royal absolutism had better vision for the future, and anticipated for a community that was very happy. Scientists in the world have been looking for order, and more specifically this was the ultimate goal for the European scientists. This vision for order in Europe let to the discoveries in astronomy, physics and all other sciences such as chemistry and biology. These advances in science showed that nature was constituted by different parts that worked harmoniously; from the particles to the stars (Yasmeen 391–396). Through scientific knowledge, it was easy to formulate explanations for the realities in nature. This led the scientists to under look the religious stories to new ways of thinking and explaining nature. In the late seventeen century, science had been accepted in Europe and almost every European was dominated by it. The European bit the odd of religious and traditional theories, and took science to find answers to the many problems in nature. Many advances were made in medicine and astronomy even though this work was considered irreligious and inconsequential. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Even though many of the scientists who took seriously their work were killed, Europeans did not give up on science and continued to develop more advances in various sciences. For example, the work of Copernicus was disregarded as a description of reality to a mathematical exercise. However, with more advances in science, Isaac Newton changed the perception of people when he developed experiments to support his universal law in mathematics. Science in Europe formed conceptual and methodological approaches to find answers and facts about the natural world. This started as a revolution in the human thoughts thereby bringing about the modern science as it is now called. There were various reasons as to why science came into being in Europe, and the knowledge overcame the entire world. Its growth in Europe and not other parts of the world is until today a debate in many people’s minds. However, science is thought to have been conceived as a rebirth of people’s thoughts as they tried to understand nature. The change in attitude towards knowledge led to the discoveries of wisdom. According to the Europeans, facts were all that mattered. According to the scientists, it was impossible to have supernatural processes, and stand to the grounds that everything needs to be rationally explained mathematically. The study of science in Europe was therefore popularized by various mathematical discoveries. The Europe scientific methodology was also advanced by other scientists who set a program that extolled human reason in its application to the sensory experiences of humans. Through this approach, hypothesis could be formulated and tested in experiments thereby coming up with fundamental laws of nature Science instruments were improved through the inductive approach, and at the beginning of the seventeen century, the microscope and the telescope were developed and used. Other than the telescope and the microscope, thermometers barometers air pumps and pendulum clocks were also invented. These inventions gave scientists easier time in studying the physical environment of the universe. From the scientific knowledge, findings of research are applied in policy making in Europe, and not only rely on the politicians decisions. The policies are based on the scientific findings thereby making scientist go much deep into scientific research. This has made the European policy makers to take science very seriously thereby basing their decisions on it (Joseph 253-57). We will write a custom Essay on The augmentation of scientific knowledge of Europe over the world specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The importance of the role of European advances in astronomy during the early and modern period Even if there were difficulties at first to the advancements in astronomy by the Europeans due to lack of readable texts, the available texts were copied. The texts brought the interests to describe the planet motions, and determine their significance astrologically. Astronomers were the notable scientific pioneers in Europe, which employed two approaches that depended on human reasoning leading to different applications. There was the deductive approach that based on the truths that were self-evidenced leading to complex plans to be applied in problems practically. This approach emphasized on the relationship between mathematics and logic. The other approach used was inductive and employed facts objectively. The proponents of induction were used to come up with conclusions from the facts presented. The reasoning of the early European astronomers depended on the two approaches. The early astronomers used both observations and mathematics to pave way for revolution in science in Europe. Before his death, Copernicus had published a book, which opposed the traditional theory on passing days and how heavenly bodies moved. In general, astronomers had achieved a lot, and scientists were encouraged to have interests in related scientific fields. It was astronomy that gave birth to all other sciences such as physics and chemistry. Science was respected in Europe and scientific institutions began to gain a lot of public support through out Europe. This was very important in scientific growth in Europe unlike other continents where there were no scientific advances. It was possible for scientists to carry correspondence that developed communities with scientific values, beliefs and language. The European community was ready to endorse science through support to the scientific communities. Scientists were the important heroes with support from the women, kings and city councils who built museums. In the early modern Europe, there was protestant reformation, wars of religion, discoveries and colonization. During this time, centralized government came into being followed by a period of enlightenment, and then later industrialization that was brought by advances in the scientific knowledge. Astrology was widely practiced by the learned class. In natural astrology, stars were thought to influence the natural world and were readily accepted. Judicial astrology focused on the personalities of people and detailed on future thoughts, and several people refuted it since it interfered with free will. Not sure if you can write a paper on The augmentation of scientific knowledge of Europe over the world by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In Europe astronomy resulted during renaissance when studying humanism. It is believed that astrology declined in the early days due to modern scientific thinking that was purely based on facts and scientific findings supported by experiments (Moyer 228). Due to advance in science and development of telescope, stars were seen as moving and not fixed, and views from people changed since they saw stars as equivalent to the earth. When astrology was defeated by science, astrologers went into astronomy; an area they thought was scientific. Astronomy advanced into theoretical and observational branches. Celestial objects could be observed and data collected for physical analysis through basic principles. Computers are theoretically used to describe objects and phenomena. The renaissance is used to describe the early modern when Europe was reborn and culture developed. Though Europe advanced in scientific knowledge than any other part in the world, the advancements were thought to be unjustifiable since they were thought to e guesses. Though there were various critics to this scientific knowledge, scientific knowledge survived them. When Copernicus proposed heliocentric model, Galileo expanded the work, and later on telescopes were used to enhance the made observations. Motion around the sun was described by Kepler where the sun was at the center. Further developments followed when Newton invented the reflecting telescope. Wherever there were discoveries about a thing in the planet, further work followed to find out more about the same. This allowed proper examination of the masses of the moon and the planet. When new technology was introduced, there was a significant advancement in astronomy, which brought about spectroscopes. Through the technology, astronomists proved that the stars were similar to the sun but with a wider range of temperatures and sizes (Bruce 868-7). Works Cited Bruce, Eastwood. “The Revival of Planetary Astronomy in Carolingian and Post-Carolingian Europe”Variorum Collected Studies Series CS 279, (2002): 868-7 Joseph, Agassi. “Science and Its History: A Reassessment of the Historiography of Science”, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, (2008): 253-57. Moyer, Ann. ‘The Astronomer’s Game: Astrology and University Culture in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries’, Early Science and Medicine, 4 (1999): 228. Yasmeen, Faruqi. “Contributions of Islamic scholars to the scientific enterprise”. International Education Journal 7, 4 (2006): 391–396.

U.S. women’s history

U.S. women’s history. I’m working on a History exercise and need support.

It must be 6-7 page paper in apa format. You will have to write a thesis/intro, argument and conclusion. Don’t forget about the references/bibliography.
Answer one of the following questions, basing your argument on THREE readings from the semester’s list.

Gerda Lerner’s article, one of the readings for Week One, presents several ways or “paradigms” of approaching the study of women in America. The idea of developing the historical narrative from a “feminist perspective” is key. The questions are: “Where are the women? What were the women doing when all this history happened in America? How do women understand their own stories?”

As we have discussed, these are potential ways to present the Social History of Women in America:

“Contribution History.” The underlying assumption is that received history is universal; the patriarchal narrative is the norm. No distinction is made between what the men were achieving and how the women fit into the narrative—the assumption is that men’s story is women’s story. The “New Social History” which focuses on women ADDS their contribution to the patriarchal narrative. The “universal male perspective” defines what “counts” as history, can be applauded as a contribution to the story of America. The categories of achievement in public life that women have performed is defined by what the normative historical, that is, patriarchal view, deems a contribution.
History from the grass roots up. Social History from this perspective begins with the first hand report of what has happened to women, how they felt about it, and why THEY see it as an essential element of history; in other words, why “her-stories” are important to a comprehensive narrative of the American experience. Historical essays from this perspective are based on individual reporting from more private or personal sources: letters, journals/diaries, minutes of the meetings of informal groups, volunteer associations, or organizations that have sprung up to be called NGOs. Much of the material is, thus, individual “Primary Sources.” Individual narratives become “Secondary Sources” as their authors base their interpretations utilizing evidence from the primary ones to draw broader conclusions for the historical record.
The distinctions in analysis by race/ethnicity, gender, class, education, religion, immigration status, among others—esp. urban/rural and region/section of the nation are now becoming essential as well.
All of these are ways of doing “Social History.” As a separate field within HISTORY, it is still fairly new, but as you have discovered in the readings of HISTORY 377, much research has now been accomplished. It is our “case studies” of the three weeks thus far that give us the basis for this exam, one that asks you to discover patterns or an overview in the American Story.

CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ISSUES TO WRITE ABOUT IN THE FORMAT THAT THE DETAILED“RUBRIC” DEFINES, BASING YOUR WORK ON ONE OF THE APPROACHES OUTLINED ABOVE.
1: The tension between “individualism” and “the quest for community” has characterized the American experience. Taking three of the essays in the readings thus far as the basis for your analysis, how would you characterize the experience from 1870-1929 from the perspective of women?
2: WHO or WHAT comprises “an American woman?” Tell “her-story” from 1870-1929. How would you develop the narrative for a general introduction, say in a high school textbook?
3: “American Exceptionalism” has long been the standard paradigm for the “American Way” as a unique story. Argue that the narrative of American Women’s History between 1870-1929 supports the “exceptional” argument OR argue that the status and experiences of women are parallel and intertwined with developments elsewhere in the world, that is, are part of the “historical moment globally.”
I will provide the links.
U.S. women’s history

Nobody Understands Debt Essay

essay writing help Table of Contents Summary Critique Works Cited Summary In both 2011 and 2012, the issue that was most discussed in America was the issue to do with addressing the budget deficit. In 2011, it was struggling to recover from unemployment but this continued to persist as a national disaster (Krugman A21). Unfortunately, there was a misconception that the disconnected Congress was the cause of the suffering of the common person in America. People blamed the political culture for some of the failures and struggles in the nation. Despite the fact that people in Washington talk about debt and deficit, they have no idea about what they are referring to. It is also unfortunate that those who talk most about it have the least knowledge about it. The so-called experts in the field of economics, who are relied upon by the Congress for such information, have been recorded to have provided false information severally. They have repeatedly provided false information concerning the short-term effects of budget deficits. Heritage foundation provided forecasted that interest rates would soar high. It also seems that information about the long-term effects of budget deficit is also unknown to the Americans. The politicians’ understanding about debt seems to be very wrong. Many Americans are worried about the effects of the deficits in the future. They believe that they will need to pay back the money they have been borrowing. In order to pay the interest, taxes must be levied. This would also impose some costs on the economy. This would occur because it would cause allocation of resources in ventures other than those that are productive in order to avoid and evade tax. However, these costs are not as dramatic as what some have thought it to be. Various governments easily lived with high taxation rates earlier than they are able to live with currently. The situation is different now. Therefore, debt surely matters to any economy. The American government needs to increase government spending in order to get the country out of the unemployment trap. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Critique The national debt of a given country is the cumulative stock of debt that the government owes the lenders. From the article above, the cumulative debt in 2012 would be that from previous years including 2011. Debts and deficits are a real problem to any economy due to a number of reasons. Firstly, it hampers the use of fiscal policy. It usually occurs as the government acquires benefits without considering the costs. Debts and deficits may also lead to the crowding effect. This is whereby interest rates increase due to increased deficits. This effect also leads to the reduction in the investments and possibly the total exports made by the given country. There is an effect in the government savings since it is reduced. Consequently, this causes the reliance of the country on foreign borrowing or it may lower its investments. In the long run, if the investments decrease, it may damage the economy. Older generations usually enjoy the benefits from the debt but the later generations would pay the price. They will have to repay the debt. This would be in the form of interest payments and deprivation of new initiatives. According to the article, lack of employment was one of the most disturbing issues caused by the debt and deficit issues. However, in some cases, debt may not be overly harmful. This is because it may come with some tangible benefits. Works Cited Krugman, Paul. “Nobody Understands Debt.” New York Times 2 Jan. 2012: A21. Print.

Key Assignment Draft As is true with all components in any computing environment, security considerations are paramount for operating systems as well. Performing risk assessments and identifying mitig

Performing risk assessments and identifying mitigation strategies in advance is a way to ensure that security has been addressed at the operating system level. Virtualized operating systems bring a new set of challenges. Assignment For this assignment, you will be compiling your draft of your Key Assignment by incorporating all of the feedback you have received from your instructor and classmates in this week’s Discussion Board. You will also be adding new content related to identifying security risks and potential mitigation strategies. The project deliverables are the following: Update the Operating Systems Design Document title page with the new date and project name. Update the previously completed sections based on instructor feedback. New content (2–3 pages) regarding security should include the following:A description of the areas of an operating system that should be evaluated for performing a risk assessment A thorough description of at least 5 risks that pertain to your selected operating system solution A description of the risk mitigation approach for each risk Please submit your assignment. For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Activity Based Costing and Its Main Advantages Report (Assessment)

Table of Contents Traditional Costing Approach Activity Based Costing Approach Discussion and Analysis of Details Reference List Traditional Costing Approach Using the traditional costing method, the total cost of each product will be as shown in the schedule below. The total cost column represents a summation of the variable and fixed costs. Number of Units Variable Cost Fixed Cost Total Cost 0 0 3,000 3,000 1 1,100 3,000 4,100 2 1,200 3,000 4,200 3 1,300 3,000 4,300 4 1,400 3,000 4,400 5 1,500 3,000 4,500 6 1,600 3,000 4,600 7 1,700 3,000 4,700 8 1,800 3,000 4,800 9 1,900 3,000 4,900 10 2,000 3,000 5,000 Because the relationship between price and output is such that a selling price of 3,000 yields zero sales and a reduction by 100 on this selling price increases the sales units by one; the selling price and the associated profits/(loss) for each unit will be as represented in the schedule below: Unit Selling Price Total Unit Cost Associated Unit Profits 0 3,000 (3000) 1,100 4,100 (3000) 1,200 4,200 (3000) 1,300 4,300 (3000) 1,400 4,400 (3000) 1,500 4,500 (3000) 1,600 4,600 (3000) 1,700 4,700 (3000) 1,800 4,800 (3000) 1,900 4,900 (3000) 2,000 5,000 (3000) Activity Based Costing Approach Using Activity Based Costing, the fixed cost is assigned to each particular product thus whereas the selling price shall remain as established, the associated profits will change significantly as a result of the apportionment as shown below: Number of Units Variable Cost Fixed Cost Total Cost 1 1,100 3,000 4,100 2 1,200 1,500 2,700 3 1,300 1,000 2,300 4 1,400 750 2,150 5 1,500 600 2,100 6 1,600 500 2,100 7 1,700 429 2,129 8 1,800 375 2,175 9 1,900 333 2,233 10 2,000 300 2,300 Discussion and Analysis of Details This model of determining cost is involved with the identification of all necessary activities of the entire production process and allocating the associated cost of each activity to the entire products produced. This allocation is based on the actual uptake or consumption of each activity onto a product. The main advantage of activity based costing model is that it helps to identify and pinpoint the products, processes or activities which are not operating efficiently. This will be done through comparing their output and consumption. Activity based costing will also be useful in helping to pinpoint the unnecessary costs in the entire production process which the entity can do without. This model of estimating costs is also key in the allocation of resources in the production process, using the model, more resources can be assigned to the more efficient products, activities or processes while fewer resources can be assigned to the inefficient activities. The model can also find application in the cost control strategy adopted by the entity because it will provide the necessary information to management on the departments or individual products that are operating below the acceptable (ideal) standards. This method may also be of importance in helping to fix the selling prices of the output. Based on the estimated cost of the product and the level of profits that are expected by the firm, the entity is able to know the price at which sales will be most. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main limitation of this model however is that it might be extremely difficult to determine and accurately apportion certain costs in the entity to each particular product, for instance the salary of the chief executive officer may be difficult to be accurately assigned to products because the chief executive’s input is not easily and directly traceable on the particular product. The CEO’s efforts are evenly balanced on the general well being of the firm and are hard to establish a particular criterion that will accurately apportion these efforts. It has also been argued that the ABC model of cost estimation is increasingly expensive and complicated to be used in the management and control of costs (Horngren, Datar