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Capstone Project: Factors affecting the quality of public education in the UAE Analytical Essay

Capstone Project: Factors affecting the quality of public education in the UAE Analytical Essay. Abstract and hypothesis The UAE is a budding economy that is doing better by the day and education has contributed greatly to this promising turn of events. This observation holds for in 1970, only 20 per cent of the population was literate, which is a figure that has increased to 80 per cent (82 per cent women; 76 per cent men). Forty percent of the schools are private, the other 60 per cent are public schools, and these figures continue to shift in favour of private schools. The exact cause of this ‘migration’ is not clear and so this paper attempts to explore possible explanations by reviewing the matter through a series of perspectives including an ideological perspective (looks into capitalism vs. socialism and perhaps the reflection of these systems on individual parents’ perspectives of private vs. public schools. Additionally, it touches on theories of classism and elitism as determinants of preference; a financial perspective – costs; a social perspective – looks into the school reputation, special programs proffered, school safety, and location. Finally, an academic perspective yields a review of the school performance and college preparation, curriculum, quality of education, teacher qualification, and dismissal option, and issues like class size and teacher- student ratio. The hypothesis is that the divide between private and public schools is due to compounding all these perspectives into the reality of each circumstantial parent. Introduction Public schools refer to the schools that are owned and run by the state and federal government while private schools are owned and controlled by individuals for profit-making ventures. Private schools get their funding from the tuition fee that they charge as well as grants from other benevolent persons and donations from charities. Public school funding comes from the treasury. In the UAE, education was introduced in 1970 when literacy levels were a bare minority in the population. Almost half a century later, these levels have quadrupled to 80 per cent literacy in the population and this aspect is a remarkable development. The government has come a long way in ensuring that each citizen has access to education. At this point, it is worth mentioning that only 25 per cent of the UAE population is native citizens with the rest of the population being comprised of expatriates. This scenario is an important element in this analysis as it explains the little numbers such as education provisions in the GDP (public schooling and education as a whole was only issued 1.3 per cent of the GDP in 2012). Some of the differentiating factors that set apart public from private schools in the UAE include the fact that public schools have Arabic as their main language of instruction. Since 2006, the federal government has made policies to reform this situation by putting in place two major oversight bodies namely the Ministry of Education of the United Arab Emirates, which is responsible for accreditation and under its wing is the Dubai Education Council, which was established in July 2005 to cater for Dubai’s educational needs. For the purposes of this paper, Dubai shall be used regularly as the specific example of execution of policies. Finally, the Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA) came into existence in 2006 with the goal of managing education reform and providing accreditation to educational institutions (Gaad et al. 299). Some other reforms that the government is implementing include the change of instruction language from Arabic to English, specifically for Mathematics and Sciences coupled with the overhaul of public school teaching system to replace no-Muslim teachers in public schools with the Muslim teachers up to 90 per cent by 2020 (Kechichian 45). The justification for this clearly discriminating policy is that the government would like to ensure the continued upholding of Islamic principles and moral instruction of students in the school set up. On the other hand, private schools do not seem to have such restrictive requirements to comply by the law in terms of their curriculum, language of instruction, teacher qualification, and student admission. They are not required to admit students from their district regardless of record or handicap like in public schools, they can set their own standards of teacher qualification and they can set up special programs for students with gifted minds (Emirates Centre for Strategic studies and Research 106). The curricula between these two rival sectors are also different as public school curriculum is dictated by the state whereas private schools have more flexibility in determining their curriculum. Public schools offer a 3-6-3-3 curriculum, which means that three years are spent in kindergarten, six years in primary school, there years in a preparatory school, and three mote years in high school or secondary school. One may opt to skip out on the preparatory school in which case he or she may join a technical institution for secondary education and have the option of joining college thereafter. Research findings on factors affecting private vs. public school debate Academic reputation For public schools, it does not matter whether the school reputation is good or bad and all the children living in that district who cannot afford to go to private schools shall attend the local public schools. The only available alternative is relocation to a district with preferable public schools and the question that comes to mind when making this decision is whether it is desirable or feasible for the family to move in order to accord the child or children education in the school with a better reputation. If not, the child will have to attend the jaded public school. Most public schools have a good reputation, but if a parent finds himself or herself questioning a school’s reputation, that is warning enough to send the child to a private school. Private schools have a more rigorous education program that is demanding on students and one that yields results in proportional amounts to the money charged for that program. The focus is channelled on college preparation with 98 per cent of the enrolled students finding a place in the local universities or in Western universities. Public schools on the other hand have college graduation as a variable that is dependent on the school district or location. School Size and class size Size is “proportional to the ability of a school to achieve its academic goals” (Chen Para.12). If the school is too big, then it shall be difficult to administer and govern and some students and programs shall not receive sufficient attention for optimal performance. On the other hand, if the school is too small, it may lack adequate funds to perform its obligations and execute its vision. In terms of actual numbers, public schools are much bigger than private schools and they have close to 500 students while private schools have 200 (Chen Para.6). However, the fact that the state still restricts the educational budget makes this a tricky situation to draw any conclusive comparisons. The other issue is on the student teacher ratio. Parents prefer having their child receive the teacher’s undivided attention and the smaller the student teacher ratio the more popular the school. Note that the school may be large in numbers, but have an adequate supply of teachers and thus reducing the student teacher ratio to an acceptable quantum, as is the case with most public schools. However, surveys indicate that parents generally have distrust for large schools and they do not factor in the number of teachers before rapidly deciding to go for a smaller private school. Safety and school environment Most public schools are safe and have a pleasant learning environment. However, in some locations, children would be safer attending private schools instead of the local public schools. Private schools on the other hand are in a much better position to guarantee student safety, as they get the chance to select the students that they enrol unlike public schools which have to admit everybody. This selection acts as a sieve to sift out the riff raff and make the milieu that private schools end up with a much safer lot than in public schools. Special programs Public schools are designed to cater for all types of students as at no time can a parent take the child to school only to have him or her turned down due to for instance they are mentally handicapped. Consequently, public schools are self sufficient in terms of various special programs. Private schools on the other hand are very specific about their admissions and so if a parent is looking for a special program, he is best suited to go to public school. This assertion holds for private schools do not have any law that bars them from discrimination on grounds of gender or disability and so they choose whom they take in (Benjamin 66). Unless it is specifically a school for disabled children, they rarely make exceptions. They have programs for gifted students such as gymnastics among others and if one is looking for a specific program such as boarding school, art school, military school, or a sports academy, he or she is best suited to try at a private school. Costs Public schools are cheaper as they do not have requirements as tuition fees uniform, equipments, or transportation. Private schools charge for each of these services and they do not automatically offer transportation. In terms of costs, the decision is usually simple: can one afford to take our child to private school. This element is an addendum to costs is the decision of whether the parent wants religious and moral education to form part of the child’s academic instruction structure. If so, public schools may be best for in the UAE, private schools were initially intended for the expatriates. Therefore, now that they are in existence and public schools are busy inculcating Islamic principles and moral and nationalistic traditions in their students, these private schools rarely teach religion, unless they are a religious institution such as the Catholic Loreto Schools or they are theological school (United Arab Emirates Para.9). Location and ideology The public school that a child attends depends on the zone that the parents or family resides in; therefore, if the school is not preferable, the question to ask is whether it is desirable or feasible to move the family for the purposes of obtaining admission into a more acceptable public school. Alternatively, if the local school is not in a good location, parents often seek to take their children to a private school. Note that transportation of students is not a guarantee in public schools and it may or may not be available. As for ideology, parents are usually decided on whether they prefer public or private school in terms of classism or elitism theories and they are set on these stands. Presently, most parents in the UAE seem to prefer private schools, which is discombobulating especially from a financial perspective. In terms of age, public schools are older as they came forth in the 1970s, with the first public university coming into being in 1976. Private schools on the other hand started to mushroom only in the 1990s. This radical growth of private schools warrants some serious consideration over what may be the cause of such popularity. This line of thought brings in a contradictory type of sense as private schools charge tuition fees while public schools are free from kindergarten to university, which means that there has to be another perspective from which parents are considering their children’s education and that is what the next section seeks to identify. An Ideological Explanation Three socio-economic and political positions intersect in this debate, viz. capitalism, communism, and socialism. Capitalism is the belief that private individuals should own or control the country’s trade and industry or economic system for profit. Socialism on the other hand refers to the political and economic theory, which advocates for state’s land, transport, natural resources, and chief industries to be owned and controlled by the entire community and the state. This theory rallies for equal distribution of resources (Godwin 11). Finally, communism is a social and economic system without any private ownership whereby all the means of production belong to the members of the community. The UAE represents a myriad of ideologies in its social and economic structure with an inclusion of communism, capitalism, classism, elitism, and even socialism. The citizens seem to understand that these systems have a bearing on the education system especially if such a government is heavily capitalistic. This aspect could possibly explain why parents are transferring their children to private schools, which are not state-owned as a nationalistic and somewhat defiant way of not supporting the government projects. Conversely it could be that they simply believe that private schools are better and source of pride for as noted earlier, the UAE economy is booming hence families are becoming rich. This aspect means that expensive tastes are also being acquired. Elitism suggests that this movement could be due to a very independent and completely nationalistic phenomenon. Having been exploited most of their lives; the parents are simply looking for the best option to guarantee their children’s liberalisation from the present undemocratic rule. Financial Perspective As established above, cost is a hardliner in making a decision between public and private schools with the answer being a strict yes or no. However, if the family can comfortably foot the private school bill then the decision again hangs on a scale. The variables have changed and so the next question is one of preference. The determinants of preference vary between academic and social factors, which form the bulk of the rest of the discussion. Social Factors College preparation is a significant consideration for all parents. For parents with children in public schools, the decision they have to make when confronted with an unsuitably equipped school is on the pros and cons of relocation. For parents that can afford private school, the next most convenient private school shall be the answer to questions of school reputation. Safety is another major consideration as whereas most public schools are safe enough, some fall below the parents’ expectations of safety for their children. In addition, here the decision turns first on affordability, then on preferred convenience. As noted above, given that private schools select whom to enrol, they are much safer. Public schools on the other hand only have the geographic demarcation qualification to limit admission. The location of the school is another factor that bears considerable weight as it has a connection with the issue of transportation. Public schools have back and forth transportation whereas private schools may or may not offer this service. Parents have to weigh their cost and convenience options when deciding on location. Academic Factors Public schools have a promising record for preparing children for college, but private schools have a more rigorous and more versatile system of education. The curriculum and language of instruction also weigh in on this decision. Private schools offer options such as IGCSE and CBSE, while public schools are limited to the national curriculum of 3-6-3-3. The idea of eliminating non-Muslim teachers was received with much trepidation and this aspect underscores why some parents have transferred their children. Parents that wish to have their children educated in a more flexible and diversified environment that is not likely to cause Islamic fundamentalism have their children attending private schools, where religion is not taught. The final consideration under this section is the quality of education, specifically the class size and the student teacher ratio and teacher qualification. Class size and student teacher ratio This element is a two-pronged variable including the actual class size and then the ratio. Private schools have approximately 23 students per class whereas public schools have 24. The student-teacher ratio also varies with public schools having 13:1 and private schools having 16:1. Consequently, it is apparent that in terms of size, the differences are not so pronounced. However, a better way of looking at this aspect is by asking the percentage of schools with a student teacher ration of 1:10 or less up to one. In this case, private schools champion with 36 per cent of them boasting the 10:1 ratio when only 10 per cent of public schools can boast the same. Quality of teachers In public schools, teachers are certified by the state and they are simply required to have college degree and knowledge of the subject area and student teaching. On the other hand, “private schools set their own qualifications, which may or may not include a degree in education” (Benjamin 92). Dismissal is also easier as they can hire and fire as they please so long as it is not wrongful termination. Research Methodology The research conducted for the purposes of this paper was through qualitative methods of surveying literature review. However, as seen in various parts of this paper, statistical references have also been made and that means that a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods have been applied to come up with the findings. This methodology is referred to as mixed research and is advantageous as it takes advantage of the strengths of each of the individual (qualitative or quantitative) methods and keeps their shortcomings at a minimum. Additionally, it makes the findings more interesting to go through because they are speckled with statistics as opposed to being either continuous prose or continuous jargon. The literature review body used was from a myriad of sources including journals, books, magazines, website documents, periodicals, and reports. All these were surveyed for relevant information, which was then interpreted and reported in the present paper as a comparative analysis. Recommendation Future research could look into the issue of family relocation or migration amongst public schools in order to asses whether there is another variable in the public-private migration, such as a movement to the suburbs. Conclusion It is safe to conclude by stating that the matter of child migration from public to private school is dynamic; however, it is not so dynamic as to warrant excessive speculation or alarm. The reasons for this phenomenon are clear and thus if the government wishes to stem it, all it needs do is to improve on public schools by responding positively to parents’ preferences in a better manner than private schools can. For instance, the government should note that not all parents want their children to be instructed purely in Arabic or after Muslim dictates for some prefer a more diversified outlook to education and the world in general, thus avoiding any sort of fundamentalism. Consequently, for the government to cater for education fully and properly, all these concerns would be laid to rest. Works Cited Benjamin, Roger. Education and the Arab world: Challenges of the next millennium, Abu Dhabi: The Emirates Centre for Strategic Studies and Research, 1999. Print. Chen, Grace. Private School vs. Public School, 2007. Web. Emirates Centre for Strategic studies and Research. Education in the UAE: Current Status and Future Developments, London: I.B. TaurisCapstone Project: Factors affecting the quality of public education in the UAE Analytical Essay

Strayer University Security Breach Impact on Target Customers Discussion Paper

Strayer University Security Breach Impact on Target Customers Discussion Paper.

In this assignment, you will read the article, “Teaching Case: Security Breach at Target.” Then you will write a 3–4-page case analysis in which you:Outline the security breach at Target.Describe how Target became aware of the security breach. Examine the security breach’s impact on Target’s customers. Recommend security controls that could have been implemented to prevent the data breach from occurring. Research how the data breach at Target affected Target’s and other companies’ security practices. Go to Basic Search: Strayer University Online Library to locate and integrate into the assignment at least three quality, peer-reviewed academic resources, written within the past five years.Include your textbook as one of your resources.Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify as quality resources.FormattingThis course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. Note the following:The preferred method is for your paper to be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.Include a cover page containing the assignment title, your name, your professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.Include a source list page. Citations and references must follow SWS format. The source list page is not included in the required page length.
Strayer University Security Breach Impact on Target Customers Discussion Paper

Sunsilk Strategy in the US Market Essay

essay writer Introduction of Sunsilk Brand in the US Sunsilk started its journey in the USA market in the second quarter of 2006 with eight segmented products to boost the market share of Unilever in this region. According to the ICMR report, the main purpose of Unilever to launch this brand in the US was to offer shampoo, creams, and other related products to minimize simple hair problems, for instance, it offered 24/7 cream to get more controllable hair. ICMR (2010, p.8) further added that the female customers of the US market are not brand loyal toward hair solutions, and most of the time they purchase such beauty products considering the free offers or other attractive packages. Unilever plans to position However, Unilever concentrated more on the research project to find out appropriate hair solutions for women as the ultimate aim of this company was to position this brand in the US market by offering complete hair solutions. The vice president of this zone stated that they have contracted with more than ten thousand women to gather knowledge about their hair problems and their expectation of the shampoo manufacturers. The significant outcome of their research project was that the customers of these products were not expected too much from the companies; therefore, female customers only want to know exact information about products. Since Unilever aimed to position this brand as a market leader, it had a huge investment plan to promote the product to increase sales in the US market. Initially, the shampoo market was extremely competitive in this region due to a lack of loyal customers, frequent change of customer mind, low switching off costs, and so on. As a result, it was difficult for Unilever to establish Sunsilk brand as a market leader in the US though this brand has reputation for operating in eighty countries with huge success. However, the company had changed many strategies and started customizing its related product line to becoming a competitive brand and to fulfilling the demand of its target female customers. As different women faced different hair problems, this company offered shampoo for segmented customers, for instance, ethnic-specific hair and other related beauty products considering customers’ needs, which allowed the customer to choose the right solution for them. Also, the pricing strategy was lucrative to the customers as it fixed retail price only $3.590 per unit which was lower than others branded shampoo’s price. Outcomes of the US market entry ICMR reported that the introduction of this brand in the United States was a great initiative of the parent company as it experienced huge success at the initial stage and is listed in the top ten brands within six months of its launch (Mcclellan, 2006). Also, the total market share of the parent company in this zone increased more than 2.0% while the previous year this figure reduced by 0.6% in the hair products segment. The marketers estimated that the sales revenue of the conditioner segment would enlarge by 14% by 2010 in this market. It is significant to note that Unilever positioned this brand as a leading brand within one year, for instance, this company held the second position in 2007. on the other hand, the launch of this brand in the US market not only boost the company’s share but also enlarged the entire industry of this market, for example, the total market value in the hair products segment was $9.90 billion in 2006, which was $7.5 billion in the previous year. The above discussion demonstrates that the introduction of Sunsilk in the United States market was successful at the initial stage and this achievement has continued for a long time due to the implementation of promotional strategy and market research projects. The promotional campaign The company has taken several measures to promote the Sunsilk brand in the USA market such as the company implemented innovative strategies, advanced technological support, and introduced a marketing campaign to attract female customers and increase sales along with a market share of this market. The promotional campaign has been designed to build up the confidence of the young generation particularly female customers towards the Sunsilk brand as this target group always anxious about their hair problems. However, the marketers of Unilever produced a series of short films named “Sunsilk presents Max

SOCW 6090 Walden University McGough Experience with Schizophrenia Case Study

SOCW 6090 Walden University McGough Experience with Schizophrenia Case Study.

Experiences of schizophrenia are not
homogeneous; there is wide variety in onset, course of illness, and
combinations of symptoms. Social workers need to be able to understand
the different manifestations and pathways of the illness to plan
interventions. Social work services play a key role in stabilizing
crises, supporting family coping, and influencing overall quality of
life and outcomes of individuals with schizophrenia. In this Assignment,
you practice applying this necessary individualization.To prepare: In the Learning Resources,
focus on the associated features, development, and course of the
illnesses in the schizophrenia spectrum. Also focus on descriptions of
the disorder and the way it develops for different individuals.Choose two articles from the list in the
Learning Resources that apply to treatment support and interventions for
the schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders chapter in the
DSM 5. Choose either Saks or McGough to focus on for this assignment.By Day 7Submit a 3- to 4-page paper, supported by at least 4 scholarly resources (not including DSM-5 but mandatory to use), in which you address the following:Describe Saks’s or McGough’s experiences with schizophrenia.
Identify onset, associated features (specifically referencing the
positive and negative symptoms), development, and course. Explain how you would use the Clinician Rated Dimensions of
Psychosis Symptom Severity measure and the WHODAS to help confirm your
diagnosis.Explain how you would plan treatment and individualize it for Saks
or McGough. Support your response with references to scholarly
resources. In your explanation, consider the following questions:What are the long-term challenges for someone living with the illness?What social, family, vocational, and medical supports are needed for long-term stabilization?
Briefly explain how race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation,
socioeconomic status, religion, or other identity characteristics may
influence an individual’s experience with schizophrenia.Required Readings
Morrison, J. (2014). Diagnosis made easier (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Chapter 5, “Coping with Uncertainty” (pp. 43–56)Chapter 13, “Diagnosing Psychosis” (pp. 185–215)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013p). Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm02

American Psychiatric Association. (2013b). Assessment measures. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.AssessmentMeasures
Required Media
TED Conferences, LLC (Producer). (2012). A tale of mental illness—from the inside [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/elyn_saks_seeing_mental_illness

TEDx Talks. (2017, March 27). I am not a monster: Schizophrenia | Cecilia McGough | TEDxPSU [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/xbagFzcyNiM

Osmosis. (2016, March 8). Schizophrenia: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/PURvJV2SMso
Article Choices for AssignmentSelect at least 2 articles from the following list for the Assignment.

Atadokht, A., Ebrahimzadeh, S., & Mikaeeli, N. (2019). The effectiveness of humor skills training on positive and negative symptoms of chronic schizophrenia spectrum. Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery, 29(1), 15-21.

Breitborde, N. J. K., Moe, A. M., Ered, A., Ellman, L. M., & Bell, E. K. (2017). Optimizing psychosocial interventions in first-episode psychosis: Current perspectives and future directions. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 10, 119–127. doi:10.2147/PRBM.S111593

Cohen, A. N., Hamilton, A. B., Saks, E. R., Glover, D. L., Glynn, S. M., Brekke, J. S., & Marder, S. R. (2017). How occupationally high-achieving individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia manage their symptoms. Psychiatric Services, 68(4), 324–329. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201600031

Hernandez, M., Barrio, C., & Yamada, A.-M. (2013). Hope and burden among Latino families of adults with schizophrenia. Family Process, 52(4), 697–708. doi:10.1111/famp.12042

Kung, W. (2016). Tangible needs and external stressors faced by Chinese American families with a member having schizophrenia. Social Work Research, 40(1), 53–63. doi:10.1093/swr/svv047

Mueser, K. T., Penn, D. L., Addington, J., Brunette, M. F., Gingerich, S., Glynn, S. M., … Kane, J. M. (2015). The NAVIGATE program for first-episode psychosis: Rationale, overview, and description of psychosocial components. Psychiatric Services, 66(7), 680–690. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201400413

Velthorst, E., Fett, A.-K. J., Reichenberg, A., Perlman, G., van Os, J., Bronet, E. J., & Kotov, R. (2017). The 20-year longitudinal trajectories of social functioning in individuals with psychotic disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 174(11), 1075–1085. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2016.15111419

Walsh, J., Hochbrueckner, R., Corcoran, J., & Spence, R. (2016). The lived experience of schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-synthesis. Social Work in Mental Health, 14(6), 607–624. doi:10.1080/15332985.2015.1100153

White, C., & Unruh, A. (2013). Unheard voices: Mothers of adult children with schizophrenia speak up. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 32(3), 109–120. doi:10.7870/cjcmh-2013-025
Optional Resources
American Psychiatric Association. (2018). Online assessment measures. Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/educational-resources/assessment-measures Optional Media
Singer, J. B. (Producer). (2008, November 17). Episode 45—Schizophrenia and social work: Interview with Shaun Eack [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://socialworkpodcast.blogspot.com/2008/11/schizophrenia-and-social-work-interview.html

SOCW 6090 Walden University McGough Experience with Schizophrenia Case Study

Frederick Douglass’ “Escape from Slavery”

Option #1: Writing Summaries: Frederick Douglass’ “Escape from Slavery” September 3, 1838 Frederick Bailey started risky journey of his life. 20 years old slave made an escape from his master in Baltimore, and with new found freedom came a new name that was Frederick Douglass. During his journey to freedom Douglass was able to avoid slave capturers from Maryland a slave state at the time, Philadelphia, and New York. Among the many obstacles Douglass encounters during his escape, the most unusual one is when he witnessed slave capturers that were of the same skin color as him. One would find it odd that blacks would capture and send other black individuals back to their slave holders. Money would be a major factor that influenced black individuals to partake in capturing slaves. In Frederick Douglass short essay My Escape from Slavery, Douglass discusses the obstacles he had to overcome during his escape from slavery. The major theme of Douglass’s essay is his individual experience during his escape to free a state. He creates imagery that allows the reader to experience his dangerous journey without physically going through what he experienced. Slave owners targeted free blacks to hire because at the time many free blacks were living in poverty stricken areas and were among the financially unfit. Free blacks had families and children of their own and needed to provide for their loved ones. A reader looks at the action as unjust, but black capturers saw the job opportunity as a way to provide for their families. Black capturers would view runaway slaves as fugitives and saw it was their job to capture them. They would not let the similar color of skin that the two may share come in between their way of earning money. Frederick Douglas journey began in Baltimore, Maryland. Douglas would then take a train to Philadelphia. In order to board the train without being captured Douglass acted as a sailor carrying around Seaman’s protection papers that he received from an old acquaintance. The climax of Douglass story comes when the Conductor at the train station analyzes Douglass seaport papers. Douglas knows it is at this time when his life can make a dramatic change. If the conductor toughly looks at Douglass seaports papers and realizes the individuals described on the paper does not fit the physical characteristics of Douglass. He could face criminal charges as well as being sent to his former slave holder. Fortunately, the conductor lets Douglass board the train not focusing on the physical features of the gentlemen in which the seaport papers describe. Douglas will go through many more checkpoints in Delaware, Philadelphia where slave catchers were most vigilant but, no danger was as evident as the Maryland Boarding. When reaching New York he felt a great deal of relief. New York was a free state and after all the obstacles he had overcome to get to New York for the moment his dreams and hopes as a child was filled. He escaped the slave terrorirries and now was excited to start a new life, one of prosperity. Unfortunately Douglass dream was not fully accomplished just yet. Upon his arrival in New York, Douglass met another escaped slave that told him New York was full of southerners returning from the Northern watering places; that the colored people of New York were not to be trusted, that they were hired men of his skin color who would betray him for a few dollars.that they were hired men ever on the lookout for fugitives; that he must trust no man and never think of going either upon wharves or into any colored boarding house, for all such places closely watched. The black individual who Douglass encounters in New York established money as the main influence that drove black’s to capture runaway slaves. Free black individuals in this era lived in the most poverty stricken areas. Many black men had families to take care of, children to nourish and their lack of education made jabs untrainable. Free blacks had resort to any kind of job to earn money and provide for their family. Slave capturing was a prosperous business for black’s individuals at the time and they too full advantage. Frederic k Douglass escape from slavery finally comes to an end when he arrives in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Douglass was assured that no slave holder could take out a slave in New Bedford by Nathan Johnson. Johnson was a major influence in Douglass life after his arrival. Johnson a former laborer his self and citizen of the grand old commonwealth of Massachusetts. with his connections with government officials he was able to acquire citizenship papers for Douglass and assured that he was now a citizen of New Bedford and he wouldn’t have to worry about slave capturer trying to take him of the state of Massachusetts because it was against the law. When forming the documentation with Douglass’s new identity, Johnson changed Frederick last name from bailey to Douglass. As a slave he was known as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. The name Frederick Douglass would follow him for the next forty years. As he worked as a laborer for a few years to support his family. He would then go on new endeavors to help abolish slavery in the near future. Summary of Douglass story, is although he escaped slavery there were thousands of other black slaves who did not make it and suffered major consequences consisting of sometimes death. The diction Douglass uses in his short story appeals to the reader’s senses, his dramatic scenes that capture his escape allows readers to see what he saw during the dangerous journey. One can feel how scared douglass was when entering new states that were surrounded by slave catchers. Douglass characterization of individuals he encountered through his journey enabled readers to imagine what he viewed. Douglass always looked back on September 3, 1838. The day when his free life began and until he died he celebrated the date in place of his unknown birthday.