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Campbellsville University Successful Marketing Strategies for Companies Discussion

Campbellsville University Successful Marketing Strategies for Companies Discussion.

I’m working on a writing Discussion and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Assigned Readings:Chapter 1. Why Is Marketing Management Important?Initial Postings: Read and reflect on the assigned readings for the week. Then post what you thought was the most important concept(s), method(s), term(s), and/or any other thing that you felt was worthy of your understanding in each assigned textbook chapter.Your initial post should be based upon the assigned reading for the week, so the textbook should be a source listed in your reference section and cited within the body of the text. Other sources are not required but feel free to use them if they aid in your discussion.Also, provide a graduate-level response to each of the following questions:Before reading this chapter or beginning class, what did you expect marketing to be? Ask a family member, classmate, or coworker what they think marketing is. How can persuade them that marketing enhances a mutually beneficial exchange between a customer and a company.Think about a recent time when you bought something or tried to do so and you were treated poorly as a customer. What was the essential problem? If you ran the company, what would you do to ensure happier and more loyal customers?
Campbellsville University Successful Marketing Strategies for Companies Discussion

entrepreneurial legend.

Write a short (2-3 page, double-spaced, typed) essay. Identify at least one important entrepreneur that you would consider an “entrepreneurial legend” and state why you consider the person to be (or have been) exemplary. You must also identify at least one economic decision made by this entrepreneur that was significant in their success and provide a detailed example of that decision. Your reason for selecting the person should include examples of managerial economics and should include other criteria such as social responsibility and ethics. Remember to cite your authority and be careful not to plagiarize.The answers show a clear understanding of relevant economic concepts, ideas and/or central points inquired about. Answers are clearly defined and supported by concrete substantial and relevant evidence or examples. Major points are explained with a degree of specificity. There are no errors of omission for the question posed.The answers show a clear understanding of relevant economic concepts, ideas and/or central points inquired about. Answers are clearly defined and supported by concrete substantial and relevant evidence or examples. Major points are explained with a degree of specificity. There are no errors of omission for the question posed.Appropriate scholarly references are utilized and properly cited. The assignment is in a standard type 12 point font. A cover page and reference page are included. The assignment is submitted in Word (.doc) or (.docx), Ascii (.txt) or Rich Text Format (.rtf).
entrepreneurial legend

The Sri Lankan government recently announced several changes to the import tax regime with effect from 01st June 2010. These include the reduction in the number of tariff bands, reduction in import duties, removal of the 15% surcharge on import duty and removal of taxes such as the VAT and Cess on some of the items [1] . Through the above reduction, the government slashed vehicle import levies by around 50% with the removal of two out of nine taxes and levies imposed on imported motor vehicles (i.e. 15% surcharge on custom duty and the 10% Cess) [2] expecting to facilitate more imports and to develop the transport sector in the country. According to the import tax Act on vehicles, it encourages the importation of used vehicles (up to 3 ½ years old) [3] . The government expected to help lift car import numbers to the country as cars are taxed on average 300% [4] upon import which will help to boost vehicle imports significantly. Further the Government expected to pass down the benefit to the public, which will in turn earn more revenue to the Government by way of taxes, as more volume of vehicles will be imported. The Government has expected a win-win situation with this. As per the tendency in Sri Lanka, majority hoped that they will be able to buy a Japanese manufactured vehicle for a reduced amount and this reduction will affect on the second hand vehicle market as well, which will be helpful especially for the middle income level persons too. CHAPTER 2 METHODOLOGY AIM The aim of this paper is to identify the impacts of the import tax reduction introduced recently by the Sri Lankan government. PROBLEM STATEMENT 5. Even though the Sri Lankan government has reduced the import duties on motor vehicles expecting a decrease in vehicle prices, it has been observed that this benefit has not gone through the vehicle prices of majority demands. With this tax reduction majority expected a big expansion at local vehicle market as well as a price decrease on second hand vehicle market. However the majority, middle income level people have failed to accomplish there desire to buy a Japanese manufactured vehicle but have to be satisfied with a vehicle like “Maruti” or “Alto” which are in a average price range. Hence, the predicament of this nature (though the tax decrease, the vehicle prices are not changed) is a matter needs to be investigated. Hypothesis Even though the Sri Lankan government removed two levies which was imposed on imported motor vehicles, the majority of the population in Sri Lanka did not get the benefits expected by the government through the tax reduction. SCOPE OF THE STUDY The scope of this research is to gather the views and ideas of public regarding the tax reduction imposed by the Sri Lankan government. OBJECTIVES 5. General Objective. To investigate whether, the majority of Sri Lankans get the benefit given by the Sri Lankan Government by reducing vehicle import tax. 6. Specific Objectives. The specific objectives of the research are as follows; To identify how the tax decrease effected on vehicles importing to Sri Lanka. To identify the difficulties faced by the majority of Sri Lankans when purchasing a vehicle according to their choice. (Brand New/ Second Hand/ Unregistered). To identify the impact of tax decrease on the Sri Lankan second hand vehicle market. To identify the impact of tax decrease on the vehicles that assembling in Sri Lanka. To identify the impact of tax decrease on the Sri Lankan economy. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION 8. This study was carried out based on a survey. Further, a survey was carried out to investigate whether any secondary data are available in this issue by referring literature. It was intended to gather information as follows ; 9. Primary Source. Primary source of collection of information was done through interviews with key individuals such as the Sales Manager of Micro………, Owner of the Ishara Traders as they are the experts who are well experienced in the industry and questionnaires Q-1 (Annex “A”) and Q-2 (Annex “B”) were distributed among the persons who purchased a vehicle during the last 4 months and car sale owners. Questionnaire Q-3 (Annex “C”) was distributed among the persons with several income levels who are willing to purchase a vehicle. 10. Secondary Source. Secondary source of collection of information was done through Sri Lanka Customs, Central Bank Annual Report 2009, paper articles, web articles and relevant databases. SAMPLING 10. Samples were been selected using random sampling method as follows. a. Sample-I. Altogether 20 respondents who purchased a vehicle during the last 4 months consist of upper class and middle class. b. Sample -II. Altogether 10 respondents, car sale owners, consist of second hand car sale owners and brand new/reconditioned imported car sales owners. c. Sample -III. Altogether 20 respondents with several income levels who are willing to purchase a vehicle. TECHNIQUES OF DATA ANALYSIS 11. The data obtained through the interviews, questionnaire and through literature was subjected to qualitative analysis. LIMITATIONS 12. The time available to conduct this research will be only 3 months. The length of the paper will be limited to 5000 words, and it will not be possible to collect data from personnel from various areas in Sri Lanka. Hence, research will be accomplished through the data obtained from the personnel of Colombo district. THE STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER 16. This research paper is structured as follows ; a. CHAPTER I This is the introductory part of the research paper. b. CHAPTER II This Chapter covers the Methodology. c. CHAPTER III This Chapter consist of the background of the duty reduction introduced by the Sri Lankan government on imported motor vehicles and the scheduled way of adapt the new duty decrease and the expected changes to the vehicle market as well to the Sri Lankan economy. d. CHAPTER IV This Chapter will cover the outcome of the duty decrease on motor vehicles…………………….. e. CHAPTER V This Chapter will cover the data which collected through questionnaire and analyzes them accordingly f. CHAPTER VI Conclusion. CHAPTER 3 BACKGROUND THE PROPOSAL OF DUTY DECREASE ON IMPORTED VEHICLES 15. The Sri Lankan government recently removed two import levies out of nine levies imposed on imported motor vehicles and the nine band import tax structure [5] on automobiles were included; Six fixed taxes a. Port and Airport Development Levy (PAL) of 5%, b. Surcharge of 15%, c. Nation Building Tax (NBT) of 3%, d. Social Responsibility Levy (SRL) of 1.5%, e. Road and Infrastructure Development Levy (RIDL) of 2.5%, f. Value Added Tax (VAT) of 20% Three ‘varying’ taxes a. Customs Import Duty (CID), b. Cess c. Excise Duty From the tax reduction the government removed the 15% surcharge on Customs Duty and 10% CESS on motor vehicle imports. This reduction narrowed the range of taxes from 90% to 280% of the Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF value). Before the reduction, the taxes and levies added 150% to 500% to the cost of an imported motor vehicle. At that time the import duty and levies on a midsized family car was around 300% of the CIF value. 16. The number of the brand new vehicles registered in 2008 was 25,325 and in 2009 were 7,437 which was a 70.63% massive drop. Government tax revenue, in contrast to Rupees.17.4 billion earned in 2007, dropped to Rupees 11.06 billion in 2008 and Rupees 3.25 billion in 2009 [6] . With this continues drop in revenue, the Sri Lankan government imposed an import duty reduction expecting that the motor vehicle sales which had dried up to pick up aggressively over the second half of 2010 boosting government revenue by widening the trade deficit through an increase in vehicle imports. THE SCHEDULED WAY OF ADAPT THE NEW DUTY DECREASE Table 1 : TARIFF STRUCTURE FOR IMPORTS 2010. Table 02: Deference between the previous and new tax structure on import of vehicles [7] . Vehicle Category Previous Tax % New Tax % Change % Cars – Petrol < 1000cc 187 90 52% 1000cc<1600cc 217 118 46% 1600cc<2000cc 288 150 48% 2000cc<3000cc 299 150 50% 3000cc> 299 190 36% Cars – Diesel < 1600cc 12 178 57% 1600cc<2000cc 510 185 64% 2000cc<2500cc 524 271 48% 2500cc> 524 280 47% Cars – Electric Any 144 68 53% Auto Trishaws Petrol 68 40 41% Diesel 47 40 15% LG Gas 43 40 7% Electric 50 40 20% Vans – Petrol 13 < 17 persons 187 121 35% Vans – Diesel 13 < 17 persons 281 152 46% Double Cabs Any 366 152 58% Luxury Vehicles – Petrol 10 < 13 persons 299 181 39% Luxury Vehicles – Diesel 10 < 13 persons 524 290 45% Motor Cycles Any 68 68 0% EXPECTED CHANGES OF VEHICLE MARKET The expected changes through the reduction were to give the benefit to both importers and buyers as the prices of cars will come down drastically and it was expected that more brand new and reconditioned vehicle will be enter to the market and the prices of the second hand vehicle market also will come down simultaneously making an automobile reality even for less affluent families. A decrease in the prices of average ranged vehicles such as Maruti which will be a benefit to the majority, middle income persons. Further hoped that more number of average ranged vehicles will enter to the market than the luxury vehicles. An average vehicle may come down by Rupees 300,000 and a Sport Utility Vehicles (SUV) by about Rupees 3 million. With the price decrease it was expected that the demand for small vehicles would increase. Further it was expected that the decreasing prices of vehicles will be a benefit for the travel industry as well and will support the expanding tourist activity and rising level of tourist arrivals. An Indian made Maruti which had attracted excise duties up to 183% of its value will come down to 90%. Maruti 800 which was priced around Rs.1.3 million will come down to around Rs.790,000 after the reduction. Maruti Alto 800 which was sold at 1.7 million will come down to around Rs.1.3 million. The brand new Indian manufactured Suzuki Swift which was priced Rs.3.1 million earlier will come down to around Rs. 2.4 million. The KIA Sorento (Diesel) Jeep which was around Rs.14.8 million will come down to around Rs.10 million including VAT. Reconditioned Nissan vehicle which was sold for around Rs.23 million would come down to around Rs.20 million. Specimen Calculation for a Brand new Yaris under new and old tariff (IN USD) New Old Consignment Price 11000 11000 Insurance and Freight 3000 3000 14000 14000 Duty (14000×115%) 16100 (14000×217%) 30380 Agent Handling Fee 2000 2000 Miscellaneous 500 500 32600 46880 Saving = 46880 – 32600 = 16280 USD. The number of vehicles imported to Sri Lanka has been dropped off continuously during the past few years and with the reduction it was expected to widen the trade deficit through an increase in vehicle imports. EXPECTED EFFECTS TO ECONOMY The government took the decision especially to earn more revenue by way of import taxes as more volume of vehicles will be imported and that the government as well the insurance business would get the benefit from the pickup in new vehicle registration. Peoples will buy more vehicles and then leasing and finance sector will have more businesses. Car importers, banking and finance sector as well as petroleum and transport sectors might have positive impact. Banks would get the benefit from increased trade finance activity while an expected increase in imports could create moderate volatility on exchange rates. To control the foreign exchange outflow as importing a used vehicle is lower cost and the foreign exchange out flow is less. To protect the local car industry. CHAPTER 4 THE OUTCOME OF THE DUTY DECREASE ON MOTOR VEHICLES Even though the Sri Lankan government expected the above mentioned effects, the way the duty decrease effected on vehicle imports, vehicle market and the Sri Lankan economy are as follows; INTRODUCE THE INCOME LEVELS OF THE SRI LANKAN POPULATIONS 20. Introducing the income levels of personals and who can purchase a vehicle. To easily understand the income levels of the Sri Lankan population, the current (family) monthly income levels have been distributed as follows; Less than Rs.30,000 (lower income) Between Rs.30,000 – Rs. 100,000 (middle income) More than Rs. 100,000 (high income) Pie chart THE WAY IT EFFECTED TO VEHICLE IMPORTS With the tax reduction import of motor vehicle increased as shown in the Table. Month (2010) No. of imported vehicle from Japan No. of imported vehicle from India No. of imported vehicle from other countries Brand New Recon. Brand New Recon. Brand New Recon. 2008 Avg/Mnth 2009 Avg/Mnth January February March April May June July August September October Due to the appreciation of the Yen, the prices of the Japanese manufactured cars increased than the price what it was before the duty reduction. A Japanese vehicle worth around Yen 1 million two years ago which was selling at a Rs. 3.6 million in Sri Lanka then, under the exchange rate of Rs. 0.9 per Yen. But in the last two years as the Yen has appreciated by nearly 45%, the exchange rate has increased to Rs.1.3 per Yen. Hence now a vehicle worth Yen 1 million is over Rs.3.611 million in Sri Lanka. Hence, the prices of the vehicle decreased significantly in Sri Lanka, the prices of the Japanese manufactured vehicle increased by 25% ( by interview ). However, the Yen dilemma has not effected the Indian and Chinese vehicle market in the country. Chart of imported vehicles Less than 1 M 1M – 1.5M 1.5M – 2M 2M – 2.5 M 2.5M – 3M THE WAY IS EFFECTED ON VEHICLE MARKET The demand for registered and un-registered vehicles has increased substantially. Demand for small cars has increased. (eg. 150 units to over 400 units in two months – Ceylon Motor Trading Association [8] ). The car sale owners who had stocks had to sell their stock at a loss after the tax reduction. As the previous duty structure did not encourage the import of diesel-powered dual purpose vehicle, an ageing fleet of vans and double cabs as well as a large number of illegally assembled jeeps came into the market. But as the new duty encouraged the import of second-hand diesel cabs and vans from Japan as well as South East Asia which further depressed the prices. THE WAY IT EFFECTED TO LOCAL MANUFACTURED VEHICLES 23. The only car manufactured/assembled in Sri Lanka is the ‘Micro’ car. As there is a huge tax imposed on this local car to bring the price almost on par with imported cars which discouraged many people from buying this locally manufactured car. There is no any tax on this local product to give them more concession to improve the production. Hence, the tax reduction has discouraged and badly affected on the local manufactured cars. THE WAY IT EFFECTED TO THE SRI LANKAN ECONOMY Leasing businesses face some short term stress in its assts as the value of collateral on leased vehicles drop. However, an increase in new business volumes would more than compensate for this in the medium term. Vehicle leasing volumes rose sharply and came money to economy. When importing used vehicles, it incurring more repairs leading to the increased import of spare parts. Hence this caused to the outflow of money to outside the country to purchase vehicles as well as to the spare parts, maintenance etc after purchasing a vehicle. Huge expenditure on developing roads and highways. Construction and maintenance of roads (any road development plans). Presently it takes 30 minutes to travel 5 km in rush hours in the Colombo area due to traffic. The present road facilities are not adequate to accommodate the increasing number. In the first instance the insurance sector got affected in the short-term by lower motor premiums on insurance renewals as a result of the decline in motor vehicle prices. But later insurance business got the benefit from the pickup in new vehicle registration. CHAPTER 5 HOW DUTY DECREASE EFFECTED TO UPPER CLASS PERSONNEL The tax reduction has effected positively on upper class personnels with a higher income level. How the vehicle prices of luxury vehicles have decreased HOW DUTY DECREASE EFFECTED TO MIDDLE CLASS PERSONNEL 28. HOW DUTY DECREASE EFFECTED TO LOWER CLASS PERSONNEL As mentioned in the Chapter 4, ___% of the people has not totally being effected by this tax reduction as they do not have sufficient financial level to purchase a vehicle. DATA ANALYSIS THROUGH THE QUESTIONNAIRES 23. All data collected as primary, secondary, individual basis, will be analyzed to prove or disprove the hypothesis. CHAPTER 6 FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS The tax reduction has effected in a different way to the citizens and it effected mainly on their income levels. Even though it is a benefit to the buyer who purchased a vehicle, the affects has been spread through out everyone in the country in the long run. The reduction has affected the local vehicle assemblers as well as the local manufactures that will come up to the market in the future. Further the financial outflow which goes out the country by importing more number of vehicle are the monies that have to use for the development of the country and it affect the economy in the future. Affect the environment as more vehicle be used and the outflow of money due to high fuel consumption. However the tax reduction will increase the number of importing vehicles with new technologies will help to improve our level of transport in the country and as the maintenance, servicing will be done locally and it will be a benefit to the lower class and middle class personnel who are engaged in the field. as the new technologies will be introduced, the fuel consumption will be less per vehicle. environment friendly than the old vehicles. Even though the government introduced a steep tax cut on vehicle imports which has injected life into the almost comatose car trade, some dealers stubbornly hold the high prices hoping that tax regime will not last too long. Hence the government should give the public a breakdown of the prices with some examples explaining the system properly to avoid alleged unfair practice raises of the values of the vehicles as well as the situations like dual valuation policies. More environment pollution as the used vehicles are less fuel efficient. So than importing more pollution the government should re-think and re-evaluate the policy encouraging importation of older vehicles to the country. The government should encourage the importation of brand new, economical low end cars and discourage the import of luxury cars which will make good quality vehicles to be on the new roads and this will also keep the environment better from pollution by old poor quality vehicles. The over consumption of fuel would make pollution as well as the country depending on import more fuel in future. If fuel rate increase it will make a problems also. Must encourage the importation of brand new vehicles as much as possible and encourage expatriates to bring in a brand new vehicle for their private use as it do not have much of an impact on the foreign exchange outflow. As there is not good public transportation system in Sri Lanka, the government should encourage everyone to buy the locally manufactured cars by making them cheaper than the imported counterparts. Develop a good public transportation system such as electric train system, subway systems as they are more affordable, causes less pollution per traveller, saves lot of time for all and are more convenient.
Paper writing regarding Chinese preventative healthcare (physical examination) industry research.

This paper is about Chinese preventative healthcare industry research. The purpose of this paper is to give advices to preventative healthcare providers in China to make them improve their service and help them know better about their customers’ concerns.Unlike US or Canada, the preventative healthcare is not in a part of healthcare, which means people need to pay for it if they want the service. So, this is like a new industry in China. The elder people don’t have the habit to do preventative health check, but young people start to care about their body health. The outline of the paper follows in this order: abstract, background, literature review, comparing China’s preventative healthcare industry and other countries, modeling, result analysis, conclusion and appendix. im already done the modeling, results analysis and discussion. All you to do on that part (modeling, result analysis and part conclusion) is to organize it and try to make the whole paper look good.The abstract should be around 2,000 words long.For the background part, you are asked to write the purpose of this paper, introduce the situation of China’s preventative healthcare industry and the general idea of this paper.For the literature review, you need to talk about the health industry situation, previous studies about the healthcare industry and what is going on in the industry right now. For the comparison part, you need to compare Chinese preventative healthcare industry and other countries, like USA, Canada , European, Japan or South Korea, you name it.For the conclusion, summarize my discussion and other parts you’ve done. Try to organize everything you can.1.5 space, except for quotations, footnotes, references and captions, which may be single-spaced. Time New Roman, size 12.All pages, except the title page should be numbered. The small roman numerals ( i, ii, iii…) are used for preliminaries. Arabic numbers (1,2,3…) are used for text, appendices.The writing and punctuation within the thesis should be clear neat and correct. Since i am not a native speaker, the language using is not required to be too “flashy”. There should be around 50 references. And total words for this paper should be around 18,500 including my modeling, analysis and discussion, except reference.
Paper writing regarding Chinese preventative healthcare (physical examination) industry research

Observations to Identify Child Needs

Planning, observation and assessment all contribute to supporting the learning and development of children. Careful observation can identify a child’s individual needs and interests and ensure that resources and activities are suitable for promoting further development. The early years recommends that practitioners follow a three-step cycle to effectively meet the needs of individual children. Planning Observation and Assessment. Write only what you see-this ensures accuracy. Write the date and time you’re observing, name and age of child, setting where the observation is being done. Avoid opinions, don’t say that the child is/ is not enjoying something, if they have not told you that. Continue with regular observations-this provides an overall consistent picture of the child’s development, and identify any areas of a child’s development that might need additional support or be delayed. You can learn a lot about the children you are working with by observing them, and you are more likely to be able to meet their individual needs effectively from observation. Formal observations can be used to observe a child’s development of a particular skill or knowledge and understanding. The practitioner can use adult-led activities to provide an opportunity for the child to practice this particular skill and observe their participation. Observations which are spontaneous, help gather information as children will be able to explore naturally without any added pressure. Formal observations can be used to observe a child’s development of a particular skill or knowledge and understanding. This is especially useful for development checklist for the child. There are factors to consider when observing a child and that it is regularly collected to produce a true picture of the child’s knowledge and abilities and ensure consistency in the evidence you collect. Many things can affect the validity of observation; tired or hungry or hungry children may not demonstrate skills to the best of their ability and might get different results in completing an observation on a child at different times of the day, illness can affect the child’s demonstrating skill if they are ill, or might not want to partake so won’t be demonstrating their true abilities. Practitioners should schedule a repeat observation when the child is well to gather the true picture of the child’s ability. It is important to see when a child has achieved a particular skill when you carried out the observations at the same time accurate results and consistency. There are many methods of observing and recording observations. Practitioners in early year settings often use a note taking method carrying with them a note pad, to write spontaneous occurrences in what a child’s interests and achievements are when they are engaged in an activity with them. This way of taking notes can then be written up after the events in more detail. Time sample is another way of recording information; this is a way of looking at a child’s activity over a period of time, observing the child at regular intervals for example every ten minutes for one hour. A summative assessment is when the evidence is gained through a formative assessment over a period of time and these are helpful when the practitioner needs to review a child’s developing progress. A formative assessment is an on-going assessment of the child, and carried out on a regular basis. The early years requires two formal summative assessments, at aged two and at the end of completion of the Early Year setting. Assessments after observations are the way in which the practitioner can make decisions about what the child can do. For example a practitioner is observing a child and note the child has spent ten minutes building bricks. It shows the practitioner that the child appears happily content doing this activity, it also shows the child can concentrate for a period of time and play independently. They are able to observe if the child is using favourably their left hand or right hand and their eye- to hand coordination is well developed.The practitioner can say if the child had any facial expressions i.e. smiling or frowning whilst doing the activity to show enjoyment or concentration. An observation like this helps the practitioner plan future activities well suited to the child to meet individual needs and abilities of the child, and encourage future development adding other construction activities for the child to try if naturally this is where the child is getting enjoyment. Planning for a child to help their development in their not as strong areas is very important also. And from observations you can assess where the child needs extra encouragement or additional help in certain areas, for example when a group of children asked to put their coats on ready to go outside. You can observe the children who are very capable of doing the task without aid and the children who take longer and need extra time or help. You can plan for this by dividing the children into two groups; group 1 and group 2. Group 1 being the slower children less able to put on their coats are to start getting ready first with extra time allocated than group 2.Planning should be built upon the observation and assessment findings of individual children in order to identify the best steps to take to further their learnings and development. The Early Years development matters document suggests that planning should include looking at what is next for the child including: experiences and opportunities, the learning environment, resources, routines and the practitioners’ role. A carer can observe an individual child during outdoor play and recognise that the individual child aged two years is climbing confidently and is beginning to pull themselves up on nursery play climbing equipment outdoors. So the carer can help the individual child by talking to the child about their movements and help them to explore new ways of moving, such as squirming slithering and twisting along the ground like a snake, and moving quickly, slowly or on tiptoe. Plan opportunities for children to tackle a range of levels and surfaces including flat and hilly ground, grass, pebbles, smooth floors and carpets. Provide a range of large play equipment both indoors and outdoors that can be used in different ways such as boxes, ladders –frames and barrels. Provide safe spaces and explain safety to the child and parents. These will help encourage their physical development even further. The Statutory assessments focus on three prime areas of development ages two and three progress check. The assessment review and identify the child’s strengths and any areas of where the child’s progress is less than expected. The progress check helps identify the child’s natural interests and plan effectively for the individual child. It is a good idea to show the parents how to understand effectively to support the child’s learning which can be encouraged at the home environment for the child. The assessment it helps identify any additional special educational need or identify any disability. The practitioners should develop a targeted plan to support the child’s future learning and development involving the parents and careers and other professionals which may be needed. The report shows reflecting development levels and needs of the child, it shows the areas where the child is progressing well, the areas where additional support may be needed, and focus particularly on where there is a concern that the individual child may have developmental delay, which may indicate a special educational need or disability. It must include any activities and strategies the provider must intend to adopt and address any issues or concerns. Parents must receive a written record of each of the child’s prime areas of development. It is of interest to the individual child to encourage the parents to share the information from the progress check with other relevant professionals, including their health visitor and the staff of any new provision the child may transfer to. The progress check and the Healthy Child Programme health and development review at age two, when the Health visitor gathers information on a child’s health and development, allowing them to identify any developmental delay and any particular support from which they think the child and family might benefit, should inform each other and support integrated work together. This also helps health and education professionals to identify any strengths as well as any developmental delay. The providers must have parental consent and careers to share information directly with other relevant professionals. The assessment at the end of early years foundation stage profile must be completed when the individual reaches age five in the final term no later than June 30 in that term. It provides a well-rounded picture of a child’s knowledge, understanding and abilities, their progress against expected levels and their readiness for starting year 1. It provides information to the parents, careers practitioners and teachers; the profile reflects ongoing observations, all the relevant records held by the setting, discussions with parents and careers and any other adult professionals relevant. The child’s development must be assessed against the Early learning goals, practitioners indicate whether children are meeting expected levels of development, or if they are exceeding expected levels and if not yet reaching expected levels. Year 1 teachers are given the Profile; this will help the teacher acknowledge the child’s stage of development and learning needs and help assist with the planning of activities. The Profile must be completed for all children, including with special educational needs or disabilities, with reasonable adjustments to the assessment process for children with special educational needs and disabilities are made appropriately. It is important to know that all children will have differing level of skills and abilities across the profile and it is important that there is a full assessment of all the areas of the child’s development to form plans for future activities and to help identify any additional support. Schools must share the results of the Profile with the parents and careers. The profile must be completed for all children, including of those with special educational needs or disabilities. Adjustments to the assessment process for the children with special educational needs and disabilities must be made as appropriate. Children will have differing levels of skill and abilities across the profile and it is important that there is a full assessment of all areas of their development to inform any future activities and to identify any additional support needs.

Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, and Mary Breckenridge. Nursing Role and scope

essay writing help Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, and Mary Breckenridge. Nursing Role and scope. I need help with a Nursing question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

1. After reading Chapter 1, do you think Florence Nightingale is relevant in the 21 st century to the nursing profession? Why or why not?
2. What do you think would be the response of historical nursing leaders such as Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, and Mary Breckenridge if they could see what the profession of nursing looks like today?
The response has to be three paragraphs per question. They run it through turn it in, please there cant be any plagiarism.
As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in an APA format word document, Arial 12 font attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard titled “Week 1 discussion questions” and the SafeAssign exercise in the assignment tab of the blackboard which is a mandatory requirement. A minimum of 2 evidence-based references (besides the class textbook) no older than 5 years must be used.
Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, and Mary Breckenridge. Nursing Role and scope

Significant Changes of Toyota

Significant Changes of Toyota. Our choice to pick Toyota was due to the significant changes it has gone through over the years. When Toyota first came into the market; nobody was willing to buy this Japanese car that they knew nothing about. But as time has gone by they have proved themselves to be one of the most reliable cars that can be found in today’s market. A radio producer in Kenya once said ‘every car in front of you and behind you is a Toyota’ (Juma, 2002) and indeed it is true. Toyota’s decision to make this hybrid car was driven by both internal and external forces. It has been noted that the ‘hybrid Camry will be the first commercially available hybrid vehicle built in Australia. The decision was announced in June 2008 to begin manufacturing a hybrid version of the Camry Sedan at the Altona plan in Melbourne from the beginning of 2010’ ( Looking at the internal forces first Toyota is ‘committed to developing hybrid systems as a core technology. Globally, the goal is to reach one million hybrid sales per year during the 2010s. Toyota’s worldwide goal is to approach zero impact on the environment in all our activities, including vehicles and production. While we may never be able to achieve zero impact, we always strive to do better – and hybrid technology is an important part of that effort’ ( There is constant need to improve their cars-not that they need that much improvement but in the sense of safety and efficiency for its customers. External forces are the need to stay on top of the competitive market. All automobile companies are constantly making a new car or adding features to a new car. For Toyota to maintain its name and customers and attract new customers the hybrid was the best way to go about this. 2. DRIVING FORCES The forces which has no or minimal control by the Toyota Production System (TPS) are termed as External factors. These can be further classified into three categories. 1.Technological developments 2.Competitive environment 3.Social and Political pressure 2.2 Economic With the current global financial crisis hitting virtually the entire world, and as mentioned above the fluctuating fuel prices, there is bound to be a change in the consumer spending and price of most commodities will definitely be affected. It is in this aspect therefore those organizations will have to change so has adapted to the dynamism of the ever rapid globe and become relevant to the consumer in both product and services that they do offer in the market. 2.3 Social The current social trend is “go-green” which basically means being environmental cautious more of the eco-solution lean towards the conservation the earth- less pollution. The trend particularly in the automobile world is the one moving from fuel guzzlers cars to eco-friendly cars more of hybrid cars which the Toyota organization has done well to rebrand themselves’ as the automobile industry of the future. 2.4 Technological Environmental factors have driven TPS (Toyota Production System) to excel in their Technological developments. As a result TPS introduced hybrid vehicles, which are more fuel efficient and eco friendly. This external factor has transformed TPS from an ordinary passenger car manufacturing company to a Technology innovative company. With the new innovation particularly in the fuel conservation, Toyota Australia leads in the domestic market through its ‘variable value timing intelligent technology’ ( , 2009). The VVTI technology makes it stand out from the other car manufactures. The organization is also distinctive in its development management styles such as the ‘just-in-time’ and ‘Toyota production system’ ( , 2009) which are incorporated by the Toyota Australia. 2.5 Competition Competitors in the automobile industry have been a key player for TPS development. In order to sustain in the market TPS reengineered some technological advancements and gadgets from their competitors such as Cruise control, Auto gearing in their products. (Driel, Dolfsma, 2009) Competitors in the automobile industry have been a key player for TPS development. The automobile industry has the most furious competition in the world, with the greatest Toyota competitors being, Honda which is from Japan. Toyota however stands alone due to its capability to change its technology and conform to its changed environment, particularly the fuel efficiency aspect 3. CHANGE PROCESSSignificant Changes of Toyota

Los Angeles Valley College What We Save and Reader Response Criticism

Los Angeles Valley College What We Save and Reader Response Criticism.

For discussion responses, all students must first read Reader Response Criticism on pages 169-204 ofCritical Theory Today by Lois Tyson (Links to an external site.) and “What We Save” by Julie Orringer. (Links to an external site.) Next, please respond to the two (2) posted questions below. **Students are to respond with at least eight (8) complete sentences for EACH response, and must answer BOTH posted questions to be considered for full credit.In addition, please number your responses to showcase clear connection to the two posted questions. Dig deeply within the texts (no outside sources are to be used to respond – just use the short story and the theory to make connections and to support your ideas) and read thoughtfully – I want to see how everyone connects their responses to the theory that corresponds with “What We Save.”As stated within Critical Theory Today, “transactional reader-response theory analyzes the transaction between text and reader” (173), and “in order for this transaction between text and reader to occur, our approach to the text must be aesthetic (experiencing a personal relationship to the text that focuses attention on emotional subtleties of its language and encourages readers to make judgments)” (173). What was the significance of Helena watching Brian as he opened the small velvet box, and what impact was felt, to you, as the reader, when Helena herself found out what the contents inside were?Think of Helena’s experiences with the men in her life (her father, the Sewald boys, Brian). What did her interactions with these male characters (or lack thereof) make you feel like?
Los Angeles Valley College What We Save and Reader Response Criticism