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Describe the purpose of ONE (1) setting that is statutory provision for each age range. A statutory provision for under 5’s could be a nursery as it is fully funded by the government. The government dictates that education must be provided for all children under 5 although it is the parents’ wishes to send children to nursery. The intention of a nursery is so that they educate the children before they start school, also they can help develop their social and their motor skills so that they are nearly fully developed ready for starting school.

The role of the school is to support parent’s wishes and access children’s educational needs. “The Foundation Phase is a statutory framework for children aged 3-7 in Wales. At our school we are committed to the holistic development of each child, looking at where they are in their stage of development and teaching them the skills they need to reach their full potential”-(http://www. cogannursery. co. uk/#/curriculum/4540401886)-10/10/12 A primary school is a statutory provision for ages between five and seven.

This setting provides full time education by following the national curriculum “The National Curriculum, taught to all pupils in state or maintained schools, is made up of blocks of years, known as key stages” – All local authorities in England and Wales must provide a choice of schools for children to attend. D2: Describe the purpose of ONE (1) setting that is a different type of provision for each age range. A different provision for under 5’s could be a private nanny, a private nanny works in the home of the children and lives in or out of the home depending on the parent’s decision.

A nanny looks after children from birth onwards although this depends on the parents’ wishes. Nanny’s work in a private working agreement, so the parents of the children pay the nanny directly and also pay their taxes and national insurance. A purpose of a nanny is so that in out of school hours the children are looked after and cared for; a nanny is purposed for busy working class parents. “Nanny is responsible for the entire care of the children of their employers.

This includes anything from washing the children’s clothes and tidying the children’s rooms, to supervising homework and preparing children’s meals, as well as taking children to and from school and activities. A nanny is available 24 hours a day, unless their employment contract states otherwise. ”- (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Nanny)-10/10/12 A different provision for children between five and seven could be an out of school club. An out of school club doesn’t educate children although they do offer a range of activities.

It is the parent’s choice to use the school club as it is fully paid by the parents. All out of school clubs follow health and safety rules. “Our aim is to provide quality accessible out of school childcare offering a range of play activities in a friendly and welcoming atmosphere. ”- (http://www. debsoutofschoolclubs. co. uk/ )- 15/10/12 D3: Describe the work of a professional or an agency working with children. A professional role which would work with children would be a children’s nurse. A nurses’ role is varied and sometimes challenging.

Support is a major factor for the role of a nurse; children’s nurses will work as part of a team including doctors, hospital play staff, radiographers, healthcare assistants, new-born hearing screeners, psychologists and social workers. “This branch involves everything from nursing a sick new-born to an adolescent road accident victim. The challenges are very varied, with family care and support a key element. ”- (http://www. nhscareers. nhs. uk/explore-by-career/nursing/careers-in-nursing/childrens-nursing/ ) A Children’s nurse helps and supports children by evaluating patient needs to provide the best possible care.

Nurses also support families of the patients they educate and advise children about treatments and implications also to provide support and training to help deliver follow-up care at home. “It is a privileged position which allows you to help families when they can be at their most vulnerable”- (http://www. dayinthelife. org. uk/Default. aspx? pageid=322) D4: Describe how to keep information about children and families confidential. It is important to be confidential as it is a legal requirement in some cases.

The policy for confidentiality means that information about children or families should not be shared amongst others. Everyone who works in a childcare setting must know about the confidentiality policy and follow the rules. The policy also states that all information and facts about the child must be stored in an secure safe place, information and facts about each individual child should be stored and locked away and only to be used when needed by the teachers or staff when given permission. Contact details of each individual child should be stored away this includes their name, age, number, address etc.

Also other paperwork of each child should be stored away too, such as school reports, grades/levels, medical notes, etc. “Anyone working with young children, whether in a nursery setting, a school or in a family home, will need to practice confidentiality. Confidentiality is respect for the privacy of any information about a child and his or her family”- An Introduction to Childcare and Education, Carolyn MeggItt, Jessica Stevens, Tina Bruce, – ISBN 0-340-78007-X, – 215pg- Monday 8th October 2012 (Date Found), Year 2000 Published.

D5: Explain how to prepare to work in a placement with children. To prepare for work placement with children always be prepared, call placement at least two days before you start to confirm what time you are due in and finish and what you are supposed to wear and bring to placement. When meeting you supervisor for the first time always make sure you look neat and tidy, by tying your hair back, make sure nails are short and well cared-for, wear natural make up or none if possible, take all excessive jewellery out e. . facial piercings, also dress appropriately e. g. smart pair of trousers/leggings, with a black or white t-shirt/polo shirt, jacket or cardigan and a sensible black pair of shoes. D6: Give TWO (2) different ways in which you can show that you understand the importance of valuing each child as an individual. There are many ways of treating children as individuals. As a practitioner you could meet the child’s needs by talking to a child one to one as this could strengthen the child’s self-confidence and esteem.

Every child learns differently a child could learn by auditory (Listening, being told things), kinaesthetic (doing practical activities), visual (being shown things or remembering information by drawing) or read/writing learning (prefer to read instructions than being told what to do), as a practitioner you need to be aware of this. Going down to a child level could make it easier for them to understand the task being asked as they will feel more comfortable and also the teacher can understand what they find difficult.

Listen to the child and treat them accordingly to their wishes and needs. All children should be treated equally and activities set differently according to their abilities. When planning an activity at the setting I must make sure that each child participates in the activity like making “Christmas “cards, some children do not celebrate Christmas so find another sort of celebration card or activity for them to do. Diversity could be shown within children nurseries creches, day-cares and schools.

Every child had different religions and beliefs to follow so encouraging children to understand the different religions and beliefs to understand why other children celebrate these other celebrations. Practitioners and teachers should do certain activates with the children which involve different religions so the children have more of an understanding of the religions around them e. g. do painting activities including different symbols of religions, playing games from religions, reading books of religions etc.

C1: Give TWO (1) examples of when you should refer information about children and families to professionals in the setting. You should only share information about a child and their family if you are concerned that the child is in harm, this could be through abuse, neglect or violence. If you have concerns that a child may be in this situation you should inform a higher member of staff who then can contact the police and social services. Social services and police work together as a multi-agency which is where two or more agencies work together to make an impact.

If a professional in a childcare setting may be concerned that a child is in danger, or has seen any bruises of physical abuse he/she should report it to a higher member of staff. A professional may also reveal confidential information to other staff/professionals if it may put other people/children in harm or it may affect the child’s behaviour and emotions such as stress within the family. Another example of when a professional might share personal information is when a Childs routine may be changed e. g. changes have been made to picking up or dropping off a child.

Staff would need to know this information as so they are able to let the child go at a differ time or with another guardian or the child. B1: Explain why the first impressions that you make in the setting are important. The first impressions when starting placement first time is important because this is what you are remembered by and what people judge u on. You should wear appropriate comfortable smart clothing which is suitable for when doing activities with the children. Most nurseries/day cares expect their employers and practitioners to dress smartly e. . black trousers, white smart shirt. A good appropriate attitude is also important when making a first impression; you should be enthusiastic eager and always make sure you look like you’re enjoying yourself whatever you’re doing. Making a good impression shows that you value the job/placement. Team work is needed through of life it’s a needed life skill it is important especially when working with children. B2: Explain suitable ways in which you can show positive attitudes when working in a childcare setting.

Within a childcare setting you can show a positive attitude by involving yourself with the children. You should wear suitable comfortable clothing for working with children, this might be a pair of stretchy smart trousers and a white polo top and a pair of black smart shoes. A: Explain the importance of keeping information about children and families confidential. It’s important to keep information about children and families confidential at all times. As practitioners you are never to discuss matters or concerns about children and their families outside the working environment.

It important to maintain confidentiality about children and their families secure and safe as it is your responsibility as a professional. When sharing information about a child or their family you’re not just breaking the rules and policies of you working placement you are also putting a child at risk and harm. A*: Reflect on the importance of recognising your own learning style and using this knowledge effectively in your studies. After learning about learning styles I found out that my learning style is visual, this mean that I would prefer to learn through seeing e. g. eing shown things through pictures, slide shows and diagrams. Recognising your own learning style will help you by finding out the best way for you to learn and understand things. There are three different types of learning styles such as visual, auditory and kinaesthetic. Visual learning style mean that you learn better by recognising things e. g. pictures, posters, watching a programme. Auditory leaning style means that you learn better and understand more by listening to other people. A kinaesthetic learner learns by practical learning for example moving around and doing the activity not just writing notes about it.

Bibliography http://www. cogannursery. co. uk/#/curriculum/4540401886 – 10/10/12 http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Nanny -10/10/12 http://www. debsoutofschoolclubs. co. uk/ 15/10/12 http://www. nhscareers. nhs. uk/explore-by-career/nursing/careers-in-nursing/childrens-nursing/ 15/10/12 http://www. dayinthelife. org. uk/Default. aspx? pageid=322 23/10/12 An Introduction to Childcare and Education Carolyn MeggItt, Jessica Stevens, Tina Bruce, ISBN 0-340-78007-X, 215pg- Monday 8th October 2012 (Date Found), Year 2000 Published. Word Count 1,497

Insert surname1 Professor’s name Student’s name Course title Date Drug Use Abuse

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Drug Use Abuse

It is often difficult to diagnose an individual with a mental disorder, especially since many chronic drug abusers also suffer from a psychological disorder. Read the Fast Fact sheets (Drug Abuse & Mental Illness and Prescription Drugs) that supplement this chapter. Answer the following questions. Explain your thoughts in detail.

What are some of the mental disorders associated with chronic drug abuse?

There are various mental disorders that are associated with too much use of drugs. These are normally toxic effects that mimic mental illness to the extent that it becomes difficult for one to distinguish from mental illness. Addiction of some drugs affects ones brain since it takes control of one’s brains. Some of the disorders that can affect people who are found of abusing drugs are; body dimorphic disorder, bipolar disorder, panic and anxiety, anger, borderline, eating problems, depression and many others that are associated with the misuse of drugs.

To start with depression, this is a situation where a person stays with low moods for a long period of time. In this kind of situation, a person sees his life to be harder and even if he does it, it seems to be less worth to him or her. In this situation a person can see himself or herself no less importance to himself or herself and others, which might lead to death. And this appears to anybody who is undergoing abuse of drugs in any way is expected to undergo such depression until and otherwise he or she is motivated and encouraged not to use the drugs again or to overuse (Grant, Bridget & et al, 2016).

What was your reaction to the video “Heroin Crisis”? Explain (in detail) something you learned from the movie as well as your opinion on the topic.

According to the video, what percent of all heroin comes from Afghanistan?

Using the information in the text and Fast Facts (and any other documented research), describe interesting information you learned regarding at least 2 other opiates/narcotics.

The Opioid abuse has become a national catastrophe and the bulk of overdoses involve many types of opioid. Many drug abusers are now turning to street drugs such as heroin and marijuana in instances where they cannot get refills when it comes to their pain medications. This has been called by the health representatives as the worst crisis related to drug abuse in the American history. Some of the victims chose to undergo the detox procedure, which provides them with medications such as Suboxone and Methadone, although, unfortunately they do not assist much with drug addiction. They just reduce the addiction rate and the addiction still remains.

According to the video, Heroin Crisis, it shows heroin as one of the most abused drugs in the world. It has become strong, pure, and easy to obtain than it has ever been before. The drug is now attracting a whole breed of addicts. The movie depicts heroin as dangerously pure and the newest forms of the drug is that, heroin can be smoked or snorted, rather than through injection, and this has attracted a massive number of new mainstream users. However, the suggestion in the movie is that the problem will ease when most of the addicts will get treatment, and when more funding will be directed to the treatment programs (Cicero, Theodore, Matthew & Jessie, 2015).

Summarize your views of marijuana before doing the course work for this chapter.

What was your reaction to the video “Marijuana Nation”? (Be specific.)

Using the information in the text, videos, and any other legitimate source provide information regarding the link between marijuana and cancer. (List your sources if you use material outside the text and videos.)

Summarize your view of marijuana after doing the course work for this chapter. Has it changed at all? Describe why or why not.

Marijuana is the topic of the huge open talk in the world. Having to consider that most is acquainted with examinations; generally it is not simple to locate the most current exploration construct information regarding the drug to reply to the normal enquiries in regard to its health effects, or the middle contrast of state and federal laws which concern this medication.

In the video, the “more” consist of the actual plants, and which has been organized with the increased number of gardens win the public and private properties. The growers in the firms are protecting their livelihood with ammunition as the leader of the team says “Marijuana is now”. Such situation is far much different from the past two decades, when a lot of “pot” was being smuggled into the United States. Laws have been changing in the recent past, in and outside the United States of America.

My research on the drug allowed me to understand its potential deleterious impact; paranoia, abnormal heart rhythm, anxiousness, and the general sense of uneasiness, and for the potent versions, it may involve; schizophrenia-like symptoms to the person using the drug. The “Marijuana Nation” is interested more in what makes pot desired by many.

4. Should there be a minimum age for purchasing creatine and other dietary supplements marketed as performance enhancers? Why or why not? If so, what should the age be?

Explain how these drugs and supplements are currently regulated.

Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED) use by teenagers and children have sharply arose concerns sin the past decade. A study has shown that 3% of students in high school have admi9ted anabolic steroid usage. Another study has shown that 12% of boys and 8% of girls have reported using products for appearance improvement, strength pediatrics and muscle mass. Pediatrics clinicians should monitor performance enhancing drugs usage trends, research perceptively while offering anticipatory help.

Through identifying the risk factors, symptoms together with signs of PED usage, pediatric clinicians must prepare to offer anticipatory guidance related to the use of the drugs. The increased use of PED by the teenagers and pre-teenagers has tremendously increased over the past two decades due to a number of factors, which include; Increased popularity of various sports, decreased participation age in many competitive sports, the focus of media in muscular bodies of men and thinness in females, pressure from coaches and parents, the availability of the PEDs in many shapes and forms, and the age related characteristics of feeling invincible and taking risks.

Creatine is the most popular of these drugs and which is believed to be able to enhance muscle mass while assisting the users in achieving bursts of strength (Pope, Harrison & et al, 2013).

Works Cited

Cicero, Theodore J., Matthew S. Ellis, and Jessie Harney. “Shifting patterns of prescription opioid and heroin abuse in the United States.” New England Journal of Medicine 373.18 (2015): 1789-1790.

Grant, Bridget F., et al. “Epidemiology of DSM-5 drug use disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions–III.” JAMA psychiatry 73.1 (2016): 39-47.

Pope Jr, Harrison G., et al. “Adverse health consequences of performance-enhancing drugs: an Endocrine Society scientific statement.” Endocrine reviews 35.3 (2013): 341-375.