Davy Jones provides the following information for Davy Jones’ Nautical Tours, Inc, a C corporation which he operates with his business partner, William Turner.
You’re required to prepare a Form 1120 U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return, an 1120 Statement 1 – Other Deductions, and an 1120 Schedule G – Information on Certain Persons Owning Stock
Davy Jones’ Nautical Tours, Inc, is operated by David K. Jones (SSN 000-00-0000) and William W. Turner (SSN 111-11-1111). They are each 50% common shareholders in the business.
Principal Business or Professional Activity Code; 114110Principal business; Charter fishing toursEmployer Identification Number 867530950
Business address 1008 North Harbor Drive San Diego, CA 92103
Home address (David K. Jones)8700 Lake Murray Blvd #2San Diego, 92119
The cash accounting method and GAAP are utilized
The business was incorporated on January 1st, 2012
Wages consist of $25,000 paid to one employee and $15,000 to another
Officer’s Compensation; $42,000 payments to each officer, Jones and Turner.
None of this compensation is claimed on Form 1125-A (Cost of Goods Sold).
There is no preferred stock
Depreciation expense; The Jolly Roger was purchased for $850,000. The depreciation on the income statement is book depreciation and will differ from what is actually used on Line 20 Depreciation of form 1120. The boat is depreciated using the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS), half year convention, is in its 4th year of service and the 10-year recovery period is used. Utilize Publication 946 How to Depreciate Property to calculate the correct depreciation amount to enter on the 1120 Line 20 (Form 4562 is not required). Locate Table A1 in the Appendix to calculate the tax-deductible depreciation.
Interest expense is interest paid on the loan for the boat; the boat loan is considered nonrecourse
Insurance payments were made to cover liability for guests and for the boat
Payroll taxes; FICA and FUTA payments made on behalf of employees and corporate officers
Travel was purely for business purposes
Parking fines are tickets Jones received for parking illegally
Lease expense was paid to Honda Motors for his mother’s car lease, who is not involved in the business in any way
Estimated payments; The Corporation made four quarterly estimated tax payments of $1,000
They’d like any overpayment refunded to them.
Davy Jones’ Nautical Tours, Inc. 2016 Income Statement
Boat slip rental
Davy Jones’ Nautical Tour, Inc 2016 Balance Sheet
Total Equity + Liability
To prepare the Corporation’s tax return, complete the following steps:
Ensure that you have Adobe Reader installed on your computer to open and use the downloadable IRS forms.
Go to the IRS Web site and download the fill-in tax forms that you will need to complete.
Complete all necessary downloaded fill-in forms on the computer and save.
Save the completed forms as PDFs and upload for grading.
You may not utilize Tax preparation software to complete this assignment! This constitutes cheating!
Save the completed forms as PDFs and upload for grading; double check your PDFs to ensure data was retained when they were uploaded to Submitted Assignments; blank forms will yield 0 points!
You will be required to fill out and submit the following forms:
1120 U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return
1120 Statement 1 – Other Deductions
1120 Schedule G – Information on Certain Persons Owning Stock
C Corporation IP3 advance tax
SPED 512 UOPX Wk 4 Ethical Use of Assessments and Assessment Data Infographic
SPED 512 UOPX Wk 4 Ethical Use of Assessments and Assessment Data Infographic.
I’m working on a education & teaching report and need support to help me learn.
SPE/512: Special Education Assessment And Interpretation1Wk 4 – Ethical Use of Assessment InfographicAssignment ContentCreate a 1-page infographic about the ethical use of assessments and assessment data to identify learner strengths and needs and promote learner growth.Include the following information: Appropriate ways to access and manage informationAppropriate uses of technology to support assessment practiceAppropriate uses of technology to engage learners and address learner needsLaws related to learners’ rights and teacher responsibilitiesProfessional expectations (i.e., codes of ethics, professional standards of practice, relevant law and policy, and teacher responsibilities for promoting the ethical use of digital information and technology)Submit your assignment.
SPED 512 UOPX Wk 4 Ethical Use of Assessments and Assessment Data Infographic
Semi-Autonomous Ambulances: Threats to Society or Life-Saving Innovations?
best essay writers Semi-Autonomous Ambulances: Threats to Society or Life-Saving Innovations?. Semi-Autonomous Ambulances: Threats to Society or Life-Saving Innovations? To what extent can we apply artificial intelligence to the dispatching of driverless ambulances to respond to a life-threatening medical condition, under the assumption that there will be someone monitoring the vehicle’s progress? Table of Contents Introduction 3 How Self-Driving Vehicles Work 4 Sign Reading 4 Passing 5 Acknowledging Drivers/Pedestrians 6 Turns 7 Machine Learning 7 How Close Are We to Developing the Necessary Technology? 7 Human Factors Slowing Down Reaction Time 8 Potential Malfunctions/Difficulties 9 Cost Factor 11 Approval Amongst the Populace 13 Need for Human Intervention 14 Other Ways AI Can Be Used 15 Conclusion 15 Works Cited 17 Introduction For every minute that passes after a person goes into cardiac arrest, his or her chance of survival drops by ten percent. In instances like this, it is essential to find the quickest route to a victim and stabilize him or her before it is too late. In our innovative and industrious society, designs for more efficient and effective methods of transportation are being perfected each and every day. With so many more resources available at our fingertips, we have begun to delve into the realms of impossibility – artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence refers to the ability of technology to become “self-aware”. To be considered as “self-aware,” a system must be able to make decisions beyond the capacity of its programming. Currently, artificial intelligence is being tested in special, non-commercialized cars for recreational use. However, the increasing ability of software being able to recognize and learn from its own mistakes begs the question as to whether artificial intelligence could – and should – be used for more critical purposes. For a person with a medical emergency, seconds can mean the difference between life and death. These seconds are usually lost to preparation time and human error, leading to fatalities. However, if we were able to utilize this technology to the dispatching of driverless ambulances, would this effectively and safely eliminate the time lost? While at the present autonomous vehicles can be very risk-prone, further investment into this technology could be beneficial because it would largely do away with the human factors causing a slower arrival time to the scene. How Self-Driving Vehicles Work In order to address whether or not this technology can and should be incorporated into emergency vehicles, we must first consider how an autonomous vehicle works. In order to navigate the road safely, a person must be able to interpret light signals, pass effectively, acknowledge other drivers and pedestrians, and make turns. For an autonomous vehicle, the same rules of the road apply. Sign Reading When a person learns to drive, he or she is taught the meanings of different signs and traffic lights they may encounter and what to do when approaching them. In the same sense, an autonomous vehicle has specific algorithms telling it what to do in specific scenarios. Since the vehicle cannot “see” as a human can, it uses cameras and laser sensors in order to detect these signs. For example, let us suppose that the cameras detect a stop sign. The car will slow down and come to a complete stop at the sign. Then, it has to make a decision. If the cameras and sensors do not detect a car coming from either direction, the car will continue along its predefined route; otherwise, it will remain stopped until no other threats are present. In addition, artificial intelligence can detect when another vehicle has its hazard lights on. In order to determine whether it is safe to move around the stalled car, the vehicle must examine the road behind and beside it for oncoming cars. If the sensors detect another car, pedestrian, or object in the same path of motion, the car will wait; otherwise, the car will continue. A difficulty arises with the ambiguity of a decision. When a person approaches a yellow light, he or she has two possible choices: try to make to through the light or stop. With an autonomous car, however, these decisions become more difficult. Since there is no means of weighing one action against another in specific scenarios, the car risks making the wrong decision and crashing. In an emergency vehicle, there can be no room for error; therefore, the technology needs to be refined to the point where the cameras can effectively scan the sign quickly and efficiently. Passing When passing another car on the road, one must determine if there is enough distance between the cars in the lane next to them to determine whether a safe passage can be made. In the same sense, the cameras on an autonomous vehicle must determine whether it is safe to move over a lane based on a predefined distance. Generally, this is ~3-4 seconds between you and the car you want to pass in front of. Additionally, autonomous vehicles are preprogrammed with “City Knowledge.” This technology allows automobiles to recognize when and where certain deliveries will be made and thus move around halted delivery vehicles. As an emergency vehicle, an ambulance automatically receives the right-of-way. Using the “City Knowledge” technology, the system would find the fastest route to the nearest hospital; a critical feature when there is a limited amount of time. Acknowledging Drivers/Pedestrians In order to be permitted on the roadways, an autonomous vehicle must have an awareness of others. This means that it abides by the same rules as a regular car and is able to safely integrate on roads. In order to be able to drive with other automobiles, a self-driving car must have a safe following distance. The car is programmed with a minimum two-second following distance that it must follow at all times; that way, the risk of a careless fender-bender collision is reduced. The presence of pedestrians is another critical factor to consider while driving. A pedestrian is always given the right of way, regardless of if their actions are breaking the law. To prevent a collision, a driver must look at the potential crosser’s gestures and direction in order to decide whether he or she is going to wait or cross the street. As of now, artificial intelligence does not have the capacity to make these snap judgments. Instead, the cameras on the car focus on the knees of the person. If the knees are pointed away, it is safe to go ahead; if not, then the car will wait. To optimize the survival of the passenger, an automated ambulance must move as quickly as possible while still being safe. In essence, it may not have time to wait for careless pedestrians. Emergency vehicles are the only vehicles with the right-of-way over pedestrians; however, there is no excuse for hitting a person on the road. Therefore, it is essential that this technology is improved to analyze body language the way a human would before it can be considered to be released to the public. Turns In order to make a turn, one must first ensure that there are no potential safety threats. A self-driving car uses its laser technology to scan the road for any oncoming cars. If there are no cars that would interfere, the vehicle will complete the turn; otherwise, it will wait until the road is clear. If a car is stopped at a red light and is making a right turn, it must search for a “No turn on red” sign. If there is no such sign and there are no other vehicles coming, it is safe to make the turn. If conditions are unsafe or a sign prohibiting the act of turning on red is present, then the car will wait. Machine Learning It is impossible to foresee every possible scenario. Therefore, in order to avoid a collision, the vehicle requires a method to relate new input to prior instances. This method is called machine learning, or Deep Learning. For this to work, programmers must first provide input in the form of basic commands. From this input stream, the AI is able to detect patterns based on repetitive action. By analyzing these patterns, the system is able to change up existing software as well. An instance of this can be found within the company DeepMind. In this company, video game programmers have constructed a game of Breakout that was able to improve its playing ability over time. This was due to a built-in neural network: a system of algorithms that keeps track of the result of the ball hitting the various bricks. By continually playing the game, the network was able to recognize that hitting a brick would make it disappear, and that hitting all the bricks would allow the game to end. In the same sense, this neural network can be used in semi-autonomous cars. This would especially come in handy in special scenarios. For example, it is normally acceptable to turn right on red. The sensors would gather input from other cars turning right on red and would use that data to determine that the action is permissible. This technology has major faults, however. If a sign were to read “No Turn On Red” and the light was red, the network may be confused on what to prioritize. The system had been hard coded to obey the signs; yet, it has taken on the idea that it is okay to turn right on red. Since the AI has fallen into this routine, it would likely turn at the red light regardless of whether or not a sign is detected. This can result in a collision with another car or pedestrian, inflicting heavy penalizations on the company running the car. How close are we to developing the necessary technology? In order to be considered fully autonomous, a vehicle must be able to perform all functions safely without the need for human intervention. The level of autonomy ranges from zero to five, with zero through three requiring a high level of human involvement and five requiring no intervention aside from someone entering the desired destination. Ideally, a self-driving ambulance would be at a level five standard as to decrease the time necessary to arrive at the scene. However, in their current state, self-driving vehicles are not up to par with these regulations. In order to maximize the safety of the patient inside, a person must be present to check on the vehicle’s progress and to step in when necessary. There have been many instances of these vehicles being tested on open roadways. On one account, Google has had “more than 200 miles of ‘computer-led’ driving.” Aptiv has conducted over five-thousand miles of testing using self-driving taxis. Apple is currently testing sixty-six self-driving minivans. From these three examples, a trend emerges: different vehicles are being tested for the same AI capabilities. This tactic helps bring comfort to those wary about getting in a vehicle without an official driver. By promoting the successful attempts and the multi-purposefulness, these companies are assuring consumers that the technology can be safe and helpful. While signs of progress point to a possibility of using this technology in more extreme circumstances in the future, companies need to continue testing this software and eliminating any potential malicious bugs that could pose a threat to safety. Otherwise, a small virus can quickly escalate into a life-threatening cataclysm. Human Factors Slowing Down Reaction Time One of the most difficult issues to counteract is the inability for EMS services to reach remote rural areas quickly. Since there is no hospital nearby, a rescue can take several minutes to be initiated – by this time, there is only a slim possibility that the patient survives. When preparing to reach a certain destination, it is the driver’s responsibility to plug in the location to the GPS and determine the quickest route to reach the patient. If the vehicle is autonomous, however, it would make these decisions at a much quicker rate using the “City Knowledge” technology. This would allow artificial intelligence to analyze which roads are normally subjected to heavy traffic and therefore avoid unnecessary delays. A call of emergency can come at any time of the day or night. Medics can be rushed off with little energy but the adrenaline of getting to the scene in time. According to the article “sleep,” sleep is defined as “a normal, reversible, recurrent state of reduced responsiveness to external stimulation.” When someone is sleep-deprived, his or her response time mimics that of a person in a state of slumber. Since a call can come in at any time, there is a chance that the driver will have had very little sleep. When on the roadways, this can be just as dangerous as driving intoxicated: a person can no longer make judgments quick enough to be able to react well in a life-or-death situation. Since this technology can never get “tired,” its implementation could help prevent further damage to the patient and casualties of those helping out. Potential Malfunctions/Difficulties While a self-driving ambulance would open up opportunities to help in more areas, it is subject to many difficulties. For one, it may encounter vehicles that are too expansive to see around. In this instance, the car would stop and wait for the car to move. If that vehicle happens to be stalled for a long time, however, people behind the car will become impatient. In an ambulance especially, this can be extremely dangerous. Aside from road rage, this situation is also hurting the patient himself/herself. By stalling behind a stopped vehicle, the ambulance would be wasting precious seconds that could have been used to save someone’s life. Another setback for artificial intelligence, in general, is the fact that it is incapable of making flash judgments like a human is. When looking for pedestrians, an autonomous car examines the knees. At times, however, the knees are not enough. In 2018, a pedestrian was hit with a semi-autonomous vehicle. Although she followed the crosswalk and assumed the car would stop for her, she was killed. A person is normally able to look into the body language of a pedestrian and, by referring to teachings and prior experience, determine whether or not that person is going to cross. Artificial intelligence, however, does not have prior experience to rely on; one cannot teach a car what not to do by running into human beings. Therefore, the technology relies fully on how it has been programmed. Since the decisions the car makes are irreversible without human intervention, a sudden decision of a person or animal to cross the street almost guarantees destruction. For a vehicle that is meant to save victims, this cannot be acceptable. In addition, artificial intelligence is not yet able to recognize and correct its own mistakes. A few weeks ago, I was merging onto the road. I was expecting the car to let me into the lane, but he remained in the same position when I started to merge over. Automatically, I realized a mistake I made – I did not look behind me far enough. I then proceeded to wait until the car had moved ahead, made sure that no other cars were posing a threat, and entered the highway. A semi-autonomous car, on the other hand, is unable to make this distinction. Since the car is not preprogrammed with every potentially catastrophic scenario it will ever face, it does not follow a specific plan of evasion. If something were to happen beyond the scope of its code, the car will likely continue along its planned route, causing a collision. The potential for system malfunction or manipulation is also an overbearing concern for many. As the capabilities of the software increase, so does the number of loopholes to interfere with the system. Unfortunately, by incorporating autonomous capabilities to a vehicle, the creator increases the risk for a malicious attack. A system failure can be just as deadly. If a car were to suddenly malfunction in the middle of a highway, the cars behind and around it may not have enough reaction time to prevent a disaster. If there is no human to intervene and pull off into a safe area, this situation is futile; there is no avoiding a collision. Cost Factor As the demand for self-driving vehicles increases, the price will continue to skyrocket. Currently, the technology is valued at hundreds of thousands of dollars. With the amount of equipment necessary for an ambulance to operate, it is unlikely that most companies will be able to afford such a luxury. A possibility to combat this in a regular car is installing the software into an existing vehicle. An instance of this occurred when a college student was able to turn his Honda Civic into a semi-autonomous vehicle using seven-hundred dollars worth of equipment and software he found online. While this proves to be a more cost-effective solution, one must consider the consequence of retrieving software: the source may or may not be reliable. Not only could the software online be filled with encrypted malware, but there is a possibility that it may not even be functional. In addition, there are very few people with the knowledge of how to program this type of software. In order to ensure the safety of those inside the vehicle, multiple computer programmers would have to be hired to search for errors and install the software into the vehicle. This is simply not feasible. An ambulance needs to be prepared quickly and efficiently. By downloading semi-autonomous capabilities, one is rendering that ambulance unusable for the duration it takes to program the artificial intelligence. In a situation where all the ambulances are needed, this could prevent EMT services from reaching a patient in time. In the long term, this solution may be more expensive than purchasing a self-driving ambulance. Since EMT professionals are most likely not trained in programming or networking, they would have to pay for the salary of the workers and technicians, as well as the materials needed to upkeep the maintenance of the vehicle. With a shortage of vehicles to deploy and a potential for malware in the code, this is not an acceptable opportunity. To subsidize this cost, ambulance companies will have to increase their patients’ bills. While this is a feasible solution for the company, the patients are faced with an overwhelming cost. Even without this new technology, the cost of an ambulance ride is exorbitant. In one instance, a man named Roman Barshay was billed $3,660 for a four-mile ambulance ride. This fee was to cover the staff on board and the ride over. If self-driving capabilities were to be added to an emergency vehicle, the trip would become unavailable to the everyday person. Approval Amongst the Populace Currently, the majority of people are wary of the effects that could be imposed. According to a study referenced by Lauren Sigfusson, 56% of the people surveyed stated that they were not comfortable riding in a self-driving vehicle due to safety concerns. In order to create an autonomous emergency vehicle, or even to release semi-autonomous cars to the general public, more testing is needed. As more and more successful endeavors are recorded, people will become more willing to accept this new technology as a way of life. Not all people are deterred by the potential consequences, however. Steve Mahan, a man with 95% vision loss, consented to be a test subject for Google. He became the first person to ride in a self-driving car, along with a few Google executives that supervised him. Surprisingly, his actions did not hint a bit of worry; rather, he appeared quite enthusiastic. In addition, over forty-five companies have made investments in the success of self-driving technology. In some instances, significant progress has already been made. Amazon, for example, patented autonomous lane-switching technology in 2016. This technology allows for the vehicle to examine the conditions in the lane next to it and, if it is far enough ahead of the car behind it, far enough behind the car in front of it, and not in the path of any oncoming cars, it will switch over; otherwise, the car will wait until these conditions are true. The biggest advancement relating to a non-recreational vehicle would be the success of a semi-autonomous bus from Yutong. Yutong is a bus company based in China. Since starting its research into autonomous vehicles in 2012, the company has been successful in “navigat[ing] a bus in an inter-city road.” Not only does this result bring the confidence that vehicles of this size are able to be controlled effectively, but it also exemplifies the notion that AI can be used in a public service vehicle. Need for Human Intervention Some companies, in order to emphasize the importance of human involvement, code for lights on the wheel to flash when the driver has been looking away for too long. Currently, there is a necessity for humans to be behind the wheel. Autonomous vehicles are still in the beginning phases of testing, so there are still lots of kinks to be worked out before humans can safely leave the picture. Additionally, there is a high potential for the software to be manipulated. If a person is at the wheel, however, they can regain control of the car and avoid a catastrophic collision. Ideally, a person should never have to intervene; however, until the security is bolstered and the issues in the programs are addressed, humans need to be prepared behind the wheel. Other Ways AI Can Be Used While a semi-autonomous vehicle would aid in transportation to the hospital, it cannot be responsible for everything. Therefore, another useful consideration for this technology would be in making phone calls. When an emergency arises, EMS needs to alert the hospital of the type of situation and the doctors needed for a procedure. This step is crucial to complete as quickly as possible. When the goal is to keep the patient stabilized, a second away can make the difference between life or death. An AI server can be pre-programmed with an array of different symptoms linking to different diseases. By pinpointing this disease using information from the paramedics, the server would be able to search for the diagnosis and contact all medical personnel necessary – all within a span of mere seconds. For example, a victim of a car accident will be approached by a team of pulmonologists, neurologists, cardiologists, and specialized surgeons. Conclusion Although the technology behind it is still underdeveloped and costly, a self-driving ambulance could benefit those on the trembling bridge between life and death. As artificial intelligence continues to make new advances in the medical field, new possibilities are opened to its applications. Robots have been used around the globe to assist humans in their work. They never tire, are more precise than humans, and can perform calculations at a much faster rate. In some instances, they have been used to perform surgeries. The doctor’s hand movements are programmed into the robotic arm. With a magnified view of the body and a minuscule insertion point, the robot is able to perform surgeries with a higher degree of accuracy than a medical professional. In the same manner, robots could be used to analyze patients, diagnosed possible conditions based on an array of predefined symptoms, and stabilize the patient. This would especially be useful for conditions that are unsafe for humans to enter. Rather than send out medical personnel and risk losing more lives, the driver can deploy a robot medic to search for and retrieve the patient. However, as the revelation of this technology is rather recent, the feasibility of this step forward is too low. The strongest, most-effective advancements and the ones built up through baby steps. If too much is added too quickly, the risk of a systematic gremlin will soar. In this case, there is a possibility of confusion between the two different AI servers: a combination of tasks that could lead the system to shut down. Additionally, since many diseases and injuries have similar symptoms, there is the potential of misdiagnosing the patient. If a robot gives the patient the wrong type of treatment, it risks making the condition worse. As for now, it is better to make progress gradually with a system that can be controlled manually if necessary but will ultimately decrease the time it takes to deliver a patient. An argument can be made that a semi-autonomous ambulance would take away the jobs of medical personnel. On the contrary, it still takes the same number of employees in either case to maximize safety. The driver will remain to ensure a smooth transition. While he or she is not required to drive the vehicle, he or she must be there to plug in the location and be ready to take over if necessary. In a situation of life and death, each second matters. By perfecting upon and using artificial intelligence to speed up the process of reaching and stabilizing the patient, we will be able to reach situations that were previously unreachable and provide better medical care for all. Works Cited “Autonomous Vehicles.” Gale Student Resources in Context, Gale, 2018. Student Resources In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/IBWYBG960012868/SUIC? Gee, Thomas H. “Establishment of a Communitywide EMS First-Responder Program.” Journal of Healthcare Management, vol. 52, no. 3, May/Jun2007, pp. 206-210. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=trueSemi-Autonomous Ambulances: Threats to Society or Life-Saving Innovations?
The Journey Back To The Source English Literature Essay
Alejo Carpentier was the leading Cuban novelist as well as a treasured musicologist during his generation. Carpentier as well had a powerful influence in Latin-American letters. Alejo Carpentier was a versatile scholar and novelist; he infused his work in connection with history, science, politics, art, music, and the tradition of primitive indigenous cultures. Alejo Carpentier both initiated and advocated the growth of the Latin-American anti-novel or new novel, which is an avant-garde form that has no traditional narrative systems. The new novel advocated by Carpentier is characterized by vaguely recognized characters, indifferently arranged chronology, as well as ambiguous meaning (Donald, 16). Alejo Carpentier also practiced magic realism, which is a feature of Latin-American narration in which ordinary experience is explicated in extraordinary terms. Although Carpentier’s work is very pedantic and complex, its dense composition is a vital element of his art. Alejo Carpentier is best known for the short stories which are recognizable for their stress on fantasy and distortion of time (Donald, 110). Alejo Carpentier was born in Havana. His parents are of Russian and French lineage; Carpentier went to the University of Havana and was later employed as a freelance journalist till he became the editor of the magazine Cartels in 1924. Carpentier was imprisoned for a short time in 1927 after signing a policy opposing the administration of the Cuban totalitarian known as Gerardo Machado y Morales; he afterwards fled to France in 1928. While in Paris, Alejo Carpentier discerned the surrealist workings of Louis Aragon and André Breton moreover he contributed articles to the periodical known as Révolution surréaliste. Alejo Carpentier worked at Foniric Studios, whereby he directed and produced arts courses as well as audio recordings between 1928 and 1939 (Donald, 29). Alejo Carpentier published ¡Ecue-Yamba-Ó, a novel he had started writing in prison which was an account of Afro-Cuban political efforts and folklore. He also wrote “Tale of Moons” which featured in the periodical Cahiers du Sud. Alejo Carpentier was employed in a local radio station, after returning to Havana in 1939, where he authored and produced radio programmes, furthermore he taught history in music at the National Conservatory till 1943, the time when he left Cuba again. He lived in self-imposed exile during the 1940s and 1950s, roaming to Haiti, the United States, Europe, and South America (Donald, 63). Alejo Carpentier published The Kingdom of This World in 1949; a historical novel which is based on the career of Henri Christophe the early nineteenth-century leader of Haiti next followed his stunning success the novel The Lost Steps, in 1953. While in exile, Carpentier as well wrote the volume of his short fiction, as well as the novella Manhunt, the story “The Fugitives”, which was published in the periodical El nacional, and the story compilation The War of Time. After Fidel Castro revolution in the year 1959, Alejo Carpentier returned to Cuba. He held a managerial position at the Cuban Publishing House from 1960 to 1967, where he issued Explosion in a Cathedral, another highly praised historical novel as well as Tientos y diferencias, which is a collection of essays concerning literary and cultural themes. In 1966 Alejo Carpentier while serving at the Cuban embassy in Paris, was pronounced the cultural attaché to France, until his death in 1980 (Donald, 74). Alejo Carpentier started his literary activity within the 1920’s; moreover he was a member of the Group of the Minority. Carpentier also edited the progressive magazine Revista de avance. Additionally, he lived as an expatriate in Paris from 1928 to 1939 and later in Venezuela from 1945 to 1959. After the conquest of the revolution in1959, Alejo Carpentier took part in Cuba’s cultural and social life. Alejo Carpentier early writing is linked to “Afro-Cubism,” which is a literary movement that exploited the dual African and European sources of the Cuba’s culture. Alejo Carpentier’s first story was Afro-Cubist: in 1933, Ecue Jamba-o naturalistically portrayed the religious rituals of the Negroes. Within the 1940’s Alejo Carpentier made comparisons between Western Europe and Latin America in his workings, noting ordinary features of cultural and historical development. The historical short story Earthly Kingdom deals with the revolt in Haiti at the twirl of the 19th century as well as the mythological aspect of the Negro collective realization. Alejo Carpentier’s story Lost Traces demonstrates the concurrent existence of different phases of history within Latin America. Carpentier’s multilevel historical story The Age of Enlightenment addresses the problem of the extraordinary character of the record of Latin America’s development. Having this intrinsic admiration of music and an enthrallment with Cuban identity, Alejo Carpentier began exploring the origins of Cuban music within an academic sense. Alejo Carpentier issued the ethno-musicological study called La Música en Cuba in 1946, which shows how European music, shifted African music as well as the indigenous music of the isle all merged together to form Cuban music. Alejo Carpentier took interest particularly in Afro-Cuban themes. Alejo Carpentier’s literary style is a magnificent combination of dazzling images as well as a rich language, which is full of the nominal jargon of whatsoever subject he addresses be it music, painting, architecture, history, or agriculture. To sum up, Carpentier is in general considered amongst the fathers of the modern Latin American literature. Carpentier’s compound, baroque style has been an inspiration to many. In the Journey back to the source also known as Viaje a la semilla by Alejo Carpentier, explains the life of Don Marcial starting from his death all the way to his birth. It commences with the impending obliteration of his house a short time after his death. Inside twelve more parts, which are noted by roman numerals, the audience is escorted backward throughout the stages in Don Marcial’s life. Every section gives details that characterize these stages (Roberto, 25). Don Marcial has already passed on when an old manservant factually opens the door to the house moreover the time frame shifts to Marcial’s funeral. Still moving backward in time, the narrative tells about his existence as an old man, an adult and as a youth all the way to his birth. In the Journey back to the source by Alejo Carpentier, there was the theme of freedom. The Journey back to the source shows how freedom could be explored for through mores of marriage furthermore it shows how liberty was truthfully obtained when Marcial communicated in his own language. Moreover, like time, this narrative distorts pain but presents it as a way of pleasure. The Journey back to the source resembled a melancholic chronicle in view of the fact that there were moments of pleasure which originated from freedom or from pain; however there was never any factual mention of happiness. Additionally, there are many characters in this narrative, yet the central character seemed to have lived a life of perfect solitude (Roberto, 247). Alejo Carpentier totally restructures gothic dualities particularly the connection between life and death, through reversing time. The outcome is particularly striking in his representation of the residence, which grows whereas Don Marcial shrivels backward through existence into death. The house develops after the destruction to set the arena for Don Marcial’s life. Marcial’s movement into babyhood is marked by bizarre animation and personification of the house that reveal his changing viewpoint. However everything is overturned again when Don is reabsorbed into the womb. The audience wonders if he lived or died. The house reveals the question within its re-demolition. The Ceres sculpture, which is the Roman goddess of everything that lives and grows, connects the entire process. The Ceres gains youth just like the house, connecting it to the organic world. However it is uncertain whether her being sold as soon as the house is gone signifies the completion or distraction of the life-death cycle. Since a cycle is never complete given that for every life there is a death waiting to occur (Roberto, 174). In conclusion, Journey back to the source is a story that is extremely clever and can be recommended to people of all ages. The audiences just love how within this novella, the language is succeeding, conversely, the events are as well moving back in time. In my opinion, it is absolutely incredible that Carpentier managed to produce this piece of work. He actually did research with language, furthermore in a way; he is trying to make the audience aware that there is a different way of examining certain situations other than the manner individuals normally view it.
Reflective learning journal
Reflective learning journal It is time to write the Reflective learning Journal at the end of this semester to conclude what we have learned from the Economics and Finance Engagement Project. Through reading outline, I realized that there was a great difference with other courses. First, almost all courses have mid-term exam and final exam; however, there are no any examinations in this course. Second, course arrangement is two hours in lecture and one hour in tutorial in other courses, while there is half an hour meeting with client’s project sponsor in this course and two hours in group discussion. At the beginning of this course I felt that it would be simpler compared with other courses. In fact, I was wrong. I need to spend more time on this subject. Each week our group has group meeting in Cabramatta library, discussion always continue on two hours or the whole afternoon. After discussion, each member needs to spend long time on researching materials in internet and evaluating them. Although the process is hard, the result is wonderful. After the efforts of our teammates, our group has accomplished tenders and final reports on time. The communication skills, learning styles, information literacy, and data analysis has greatly improved through three months studying; it will be helpful for my postgraduate study and future works. In the tender documents I have mentioned that there are three units relevant to the project which is Investment, Project Management, and Statistics. Investment is relevant in regards to milestone seven which documents the retail and commercial opportunities Fairfield has in attracting office space leavers from Parramatta and Liverpool. Project Management is highly relevant to this project as time planning, material organizing, data analyzing, time controlling is all very crucial in ensuring the project successful and achieving all its objectives and milestones. Statistics is quite helpful as the project will need charts and tables to compare data and statistics and hence evaluate them. When our group has completed all the tasks, I found that Project Management plays the greatest role with the other two units. Investment theory is applied to the milestone seven. It is just recommends investors how to catch the opportunity in disadvantage situation. I mean that Fairfield has lowest price, lowest quality and hardest to get transportation compared to Parramatta and Liverpool, why investors choose Fairfield rather than Parramatta or Liverpool? It is necessary to use investment theory to evaluate them. We have draw lots of charts and tables in the final reports to compare data, but the data analysis and evaluation are reflected from the Project Management. It can be said that project management in the tenders and final reports played a leading role in this project. Project Management tell us how to collect enough information in limited time, how to filter the most significant points from complex information. Although these three units play an important role in tenders and final reports, other economic and finance content is still need to add. For example, Macroeconomic and Market Model knowledge is widely used in final reports. Macroeconomics is a course that combined with the reality of the economic situation and development trend of the world. Our group found that there are a lot of retail rental advertisements in Parramatta, Liverpool, and Fairfield. The historic data show that the number of retail rental advertisements increasing in recent months. What’s more, the rent is cheaper than before. This fact is meeting to world economic situation. All we know that the world economics face to the hugest downturn in 21 century, during the financial crisis, many banks and large companies have declared bankruptcy. In Australia the impact of financial crisis is also considerable. The unemployment rate goes up nearly twice. Many small business investors are forced to give up their own business. It is quite normal that there are a lot of vacant retail stores in real estate agent website. Market Model is extremely relevant to the project; in particular the final objective where the concepts and strategies obtained in Marketing Principles will need to be implemented to evaluate the opportunities that Fairfield LGA has in attracting potential office space leavers from Liverpool and Parramatta as well as introducing specific techniques to ensure this occurs. Macroeconomic have been learned in my sophomore, but Market principle have not learned now. In addition to, I think library is a good place for researching, discussion, studying. I can find any book I want to it. Except for the theories of economics, other learning skills and language abilities is especially needed for foreign student. Overseas students have to face language and cultural differences problem, for example, when I first meeting to the word “tender”, I confused it. I can not understand what the Chinese meaning of this word. My teammates explain the meaning of this word clearly for me. Overall, I still lack of sufficient knowledge to finish this course perfectly, it is force me to study harder and master more knowledge. Even if I have learned sufficient economic and finance knowledge, the emotion changes still have enormous impact on my learning. Particular to an overseas student who just arrived in Australia six months, it is very important for me to adjust psychological change. When I first meet this course I have a great interest in this project, each member of our group have enough enthusiasm to complete our own milestone. It is normal that disgusted with the project occasionally, because I must do lots of job in one day that included another subject assignment. This situation raises the pressure, and these pressures may come from learning, life and finance. For example, I accepted the East education nearly 15 years, so it is difficult for us to truly integrate into Western societies. What more, before I came to Australia, my parent give me lots of help when I needed. Without parent’s support, I am afraid to face some problem. On the other hand, I have to face language and cultural differences. I must thank our teachers spend long time on our foreign students and provide particularly concerns sometimes. I have improved myself a lot after I arrived in Australia. I was a shy, introverted student, and even performed unconfident sometimes. I would not like discussing with other group members at first. However, through four month communication, I have slowly started to change myself. I would like to talk with my teammates when I confused some problems and other life problems. So I really want to appreciate our group members, thanks for their serious, hard-working, humorous, and enthusiastic attitude to me. On one occasion, I should be completed my task that belong to my part, unfortunately, I must move house that day. I was so busy that I cleaned my home until 12 pm, it is really felt tried. When I intend to start my task, team leader send the SMS to me told me that I must be very tired for moving house, they have finished my part. I am really very grateful for their help. Both learning styles and education styles have different way in China and Australia. Although this is my first time experience the Western education, I already known that there are huge differences between Eastern educations with Western educations. Firstly, the different way was from the teaching methods. When I see our teacher Ingrid sitting at the table directly during the first class. It is amazing for me, because it looks like impolite for students in china. In fact, I find that the teacher’s purpose is wants to communicate with students more closely. However, this teaching method is impossible happened in China. In China every classroom has the podium and a blackboard in high school or university. The teacher is used to stand on the podium during the class. Secondly, from the student point of view, the distinction is even more apparent. If students meet problem in the class, we are willing to raise our hands to answer questions after the teacher’s permission or directly ask the teacher after the class finished. It is impolite for student to interrupt teacher lecture. Student need to keep silent in class in order to not disrupt teacher’s thinking. In Australia, I find every student is concentrated and activity in the class. Students can ask any questions without teacher’s permission in the class. For example, if any student feels their thoughts or ideas not the same as teacher’s idea, student will be asked it directly. However, It is a pity that teacher have to force student to answer questions in China, what’s more, no one wants to give the answer even someone know the solution. Thirdly, there are few group discussions or group meeting in senior school or university in China. Even there is one group discussion in one semester which is a choice to chat with another topic that no relation with teacher’s topic. What’s more, most of students do not cherish these opportunities. All assignment completed independent by the most excellent students in the group without any assistance. In fact, group meeting is important and useful in research or business. It is a good way to improve our team spirit. Reading and reference and that Chinese girl provide a lot of help. I have acknowledged some of the theories that I did not know. For example, from the Goldstein’s article” Service Learning and Teaching about Globalization”, I learned that Service and Activist learning(SAL)is a way that analyze social problem by corporate with community, many students were attracted who hope the world be better in the future. Other opinion is that Globalization is not just the region different from north to south, and that combined with winners and losers in both economic worlds. In another article “Increasing Creativity in Economics: The Service Learning Project” by Hervani and Helms. In the figure 2 Service learning pedagogy: Steps and implementation procedure, it looks like our course procedure. I also understand that the profit of this project is a good chance for developing the critical thinking skills such as analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Our research topic relevant to social, I realized that there are lots of social problem still waiting for us to deal with them after research. The key values of service learning project are to improve the social awareness and caring, responsibility, accountability, critical thinking, creativity and active learning. That Chinese girl provides us lots of useful information, teaching us how to do the tender document, which part we should be attention to. In conclusion, I want to appreciate again our teachers Ingrid and Julianne, our teammates Brian, Ian, Linh, Kim and other people who always help me. Overseas students really have different experience with local students. From China to Australia is a very hard experience. First of all, we need to get great results in domestic examination. Followed by we spend long time to prepare for Ielts test, what’s more, no one can guarantee your Ielts test result will be able to achieve what you wanted result, some students test 2 times, even more than 4 times 5 times. Visa through Australia government is also complex issues that we need to provide detailed information and sufficient finance source. Duration for Visa always last on one month. It can be said that overseas students harder than domestic students. So I cherished the opportunity to learn as much as possible I can.
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