This module on Human Resources discusses Managing Human Resources in Small and Entrepreneurial Firms.
Submit a written analysis of a selected topic. The paper must be typed, double spaced and the content of the paper must be at least 3 pages in length not including title and reference page.
“Although there are many reasons a new business could fail or succeed, a few are fairly common. Think about the common reasons for success and failure in starting a new business. Next, identify a business that has failed and one that has thrived. Write an essay explaining what accounted for the success of one and the failure of the other.”
You are required to follow proper APA or MLA formatting and use no less than 3 credible sources.
ResourcesSources may include electronic articles, journals, blogs, etc. DO NOT use your text as a reference; Wikipedia is not an acceptable reference.
**Plagiarism will not be accepted.
Business Written Analysis Paper
I will need you to do this:1. What is the most important piece of new information (something you didn’t already know) you read in chapter 9?The book is: (Strategies for Technical Communication in the Workplace by Gurak and Lannon, 3rd Edition)2. Research the job market in your field. See if you can find any articles online on “how to find a job in Civil Engineering ” . Any source you find from professional organizations in your field will be particularly useful (American Society of Civil Engineers, etc.). Then, search through listings of current job ads on sites like Indeed, USAJobs, or any search engines specific to your field. Pay attention to things like how many jobs are available, what qualifications and experience they’re asking for, what the pay is, where they’re located, how competitive the jobs are, whether the pandemic has changed anything etc. Then, write and post a 2-3 paragraph report on “The Job Market in *Civil Engineering*” that includes any information you found that surprised you.3. Respond to a classmate’s report with a question and/or an observation. (will send u my classmate writing later on)
Strategies for Technical Communication in the Workplace Discussion
Stem cells are undifferentiated, primitive cells with the ability both to multiply and to differentiate into specific kinds of cells. Stem cells hold the promise of allowing researchers to grow specialized cells or tissue, which could be used to treat injuries or disease (e.g., spinal cord injuries, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, strokes, burns).” (Slevin, 2010)Choose ONE of the following issues and post to its thread with supporting evidence. Respond to two peers who wrote about issues other than the one you chose.Discuss what you feel are the potential benefits of stem cell research for Alzheimer’s patients and their families.Share your perspective on the stem cell debate regarding donation of surplus embryos to couples for “embryo adoption.”Why is the task of disposing unused frozen human embryos different from disposing of other medical tissue?Discuss why you think embryonic stem cell research “crosses a moral boundary.”
Westcoast University Stem Cells and Alzheimers Discussion
Consider the viewpoints on war in “The Things They Carried.” O’Brien describes a war in which there was little leadership and much aimlessness. His focus is the equipment the men carried, and how that equipment reflected both their experiences at war and their former experiences at home. How does the protagonist change during the story? How does his relationship to his “things” change in the story? Why? What does this story tell us about the Vietnam War from the American perspective? How is your understanding of this story impacted by learning about the war The Gangster We Are All Looking For and Daughter from Danang?https://marycudahyewrt1a.files.wordpress.com/2013/…(the book” The thing they Carried)
ENGL 100 University of California Soldier in The Vietnam War Disscussion
Tourism Industry in Amsterdam Report
Executive Summary The tourism industry in Amsterdam has become important for the economic development of the city. It attracts millions of people who may have different lifestyles, interests, and values. It is characterized by extreme competitiveness among businesses. The growth of this economic sector can be attributed to the cultural heritage of Amsterdam and entertainment opportunities that it can offer. This area of economy is still open to new entrants. Introduction This report is aimed at examining the peculiarities of tourism industry in Amsterdam. In particular, it is necessary to focus on the way in which various external and internal factors can shape it. Much attention should be paid to political, social, economic, technological, and other forces. Moreover, one should concentrate on the competitive environment of this industry. In this context, the term tourism industry can include various organizations such as hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, and other businesses. Contemporary Amsterdam attracts people who have different values, priorities, or interests (Dunford 2003, p. 53). This popularity of this city gives rise to the development of a very competitive tourist industry (Statistics Netherlands 2012). These are the main issues that should be examined. Industry Analysis Industry overview and major trends This paper will be focused on hospitality institutions that operate in Amsterdam. Among them, one can distinguish hotels, restaurants, cafes, resorts, and other organizations that provide services to travelers. In the global context, its role is not very important since it constitutes only a small fraction of the national economy. Nevertheless, it does contribute to the development of global economy. For instance, in 2010, the city was visited by 5.3 million tourists (Research and Statistics Economic Development Department, 2011, p. 1). They brought extra revenues to airlines, and travel agencies that could be located in various countries. Overall, researchers believe that there are positive trends in the development of the Amsterdam tourism industry. In particular, they look at such indicators as the number of tourist arrivals or bed nights1 (Research and Statistics Economic Development Department, 2011, p. 1). Even during the economic recession, these indicators were growing. For example, the number of tourist arrivals grew by more re 10 percent during the period between 2007 and 2009 (Research and Statistics Economic Development Department, 2011, p. 1). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, tourism industry in this city is resistant to the effects of global recession. This is one of the main aspects that should be taken into account. The city of Amsterdam and tourism Amsterdam can be viewed as the commercial and technological centers of the Netherlands. According to various rating agencies, this city is one of the most comfortable ones (Hobbes 2009, p. 115). This means that it has necessary infrastructure, educational organizations, recreational facilities that are important for the wellbeing of an individual. Furthermore, the city hosts numerous attractions such as Van Gogh Museum, canals, Hermitage Amsterdam, cannabis coffee shops, and so forth. Therefore, this city can appeal to tourists with different values and attitudes. There are two important effects of globalization on this city. In particular, one can speak about the growing number of in-coming travelers and intensification of trade. Currently, the population of Amsterdam is 802,938 people. In turn, the Amsterdam Area has 11 percent of the national GDP2 (Statistics Netherlands 2012). The economy of Amsterdam as well as the Netherlands is formal. This means that businesses are monitored and regulated. The main consequence of this regulation is that the rights of clients are better protected. These are the main aspects that can be singled out. PESTL Model The external environment of the industry can be examined with the help of PESTL model that can throw light on political, legal, economic, technological and ecological forces. Political and legal environment The government of the Netherlands can be described as a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. This country does not face any risk of civil conflict or political instability. The strong protection of property and civic rights is the main political and legal factor that will contributes to the growth of hospitality industry (Musterd 2003, p. 88). We will write a custom Report on Tourism Industry in Amsterdam specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, it can lead to the increased flow of direct investment into various hotels, restaurants or other hospitality institutions. There are other forces that strengthen the confidence of investors and customers. Among them, one can single out transparency of the legal system and extremely low levels of corruption (Taekema 2011, p. 7). Moreover, economists focus on such an indicator as ease of doing business. Amsterdam is ranked 26th in this rankings (Amen 2013, p. 186). Therefore, the representative of the tourism Industry can find this legal and political environment very attractive Economic forces influencing the tourist industry in Amsterdam The growth in this industry is determined by the increasing globalization and the growing number of travelers. Hospitality institutions can be affected by various economic factors. Much attention should be paid to the purchasing power of clients who come from other European countries and the United States. Therefore, the tourism industry in Amsterdam can be influenced by many other industries. The Netherlands is regarded as a country where entrepreneurs can easily find credit for their businesses. Moreover, the country is an advanced economy with very low inflation rates (Banach 2008, p. 58). One can say that the tourism industry in Amsterdam is very competitive. This is why it is difficult for a single company to gain leadership. They have to provide services with the best ratio of price and quality. Socio-cultural environment and tourism industry in Amsterdam There are several social and cultural forces that can be important for the development of tourism in Amsterdam. Although, Dutch is the only official language, local people can also speak German, English, and French. Therefore, tourists do not find it difficult to communicate with local people. It should be noted that religion does not play a strong role in the social or cultural life of the country. Moreover, the cultural norms adopted in the Netherlands as well as Amsterdam tolerate different forms of religious worship. This issue is also of great importance to leisure travelers. Finally, one should remember that the country has legitimized the use of cannabis, and this policy led to the growth of drug tourism in Amsterdam (Dunford 2003, p. 53). Technology and the tourism industry Technology has been critical for the hospitality institutions in Amsterdam because with its help they can better attract clients. For instance, many hotels and restaurants develop their own websites in effort to attract clients from various countries. Amsterdam can also be viewed as a place where technological innovation is encouraged. Not sure if you can write a paper on Tourism Industry in Amsterdam by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As a rule, the emphasis is placed on the adoption of technologies which can reduce the pollution of water, air, or soil (McDonald 2011). This issue is particularly relevant if one speaks about transportation. This policy makes the city more appealing to tourists. Overall, Amsterdam has a well-developed infrastructure which includes information technologies, sea transportation, and advanced medical care. Ecological and environmental challenges The main environmental challenge is the increased risk of floods. It affects various types of businesses including hospitality organizations. They have to spend extra costs on flood insurance (Botzen 2013). This environmental challenge can become more important in the future, especially if sea level rises. Competitive environment and Five Forces Analysis The competitive environment of this Industry can be analyzed with the help of 5 Forces Model which helps to examine the internal and external environment of an industry. The threat of new entrants Hospitality institutions that are based in Amsterdam should remember that in this industry the threat of new entrants is high. This situation can be explained by the fact that the capital requirements are lower in comparison with other industries. Furthermore, there are no legal barriers that can prevent other companies from entering this market. The threat of substitute products The threat of substitute products is very low in this industry. Amsterdam offers a unique combination of various cultural sites and entertainment opportunities. Therefore, it is not likely that the tourists can go to a different location. The bargaining power of suppliers In the tourist industry, there are businesses that act as suppliers. One should focus on the role played by travel agencies. These organizations provide information about various hotels in Amsterdam, restaurants, airline companies, and so forth. In other words, they can shape customers’ opinions. Secondly, it is important to speak about the suppliers providing foods and beverages to the hospitality industry. Yet, their bargaining power is not very high because they have to compete with one another. Moreover, hospitality organizations are important for their profitability. The bargaining power of buyers The bargaining power of clients is very strong because they do not have to face any switching costs. They can choose among different hotels, restaurants, airlines, and so forth. Furthermore, the services offered by local hospitality organizations are not very differentiated. This is why buyers can profoundly influence the performance of the tourism industry in Amsterdam. Intensity of competition The tourism sector in Amsterdam is characterized by intense competition. It should be kept in mind that there are many businesses which can offer similar services to clients. This is why they have to improve their services or even lower prices in order to attract customers. This is how they try to differentiate themselves among consumers. Ethical Dimensions The representatives of the tourist industry in Amsterdam have to make sure that their customers are not exposed to any risks. This issue should be considered by the managers of coffee shows where clients can purchase cannabis (Owens 2009). Similarly, Amsterdam is a popular destination for people who are interested in sex tourism. Therefore, the organizations should take precautions to safeguard their privacy and confidentiality. Key findings Overall, the examples provided in this paper can be used to identify the main traits of the tourist industry in Amsterdam. One should focus on the following aspects: intense competition among various hospitality organizations; the diversity of cultural sites and entertainment opportunities; the presence of legal safeguards that protect investors and clients; attractiveness to people who may have various values and lifestyles; well-developed infrastructure. Although, this industry is very competitive, it can still offer opportunities for clients and new businesses. This is the main argument that can be put forward. Appendixes Picture One: Tourist arrivals and bed nights (Research and Statistics Economic Development Department, 2011, p. 1) Picture Two: The economic performance of Amsterdam Region (Statistics Netherlands 2012) References Amen, M 2013, Cities and Global Governance: New Sites foar International Relations, Ashgate Publishing, New York. Banach G 2008, Policies in the European Union Unfair for Certain Countries?, The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg. Botzen, W 2013, Managing Extreme Climate Change Risks Through Insurance, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Dunford, M 2003, The Rough Guide to Amsterdam, Rough Guides, Boston. Hobbes, J 2009, World Regional Geography, Cengage Learning, New York. Research and Statistics Economic Development Department 2011, City of Amsterdam: Fact Sheet. Web. McDonald, G 2011, Frommer’s Amsterdam Day by Day, John Wiley
What is moral dilemmas?
nursing essay writing service What is moral dilemmas?. I’m stuck on a Nursing question and need an explanation.
Moral Dilemmas and Ethical Decisions
Toggle DrawerOverviewCreate a 15-minute oral presentation (3–4 pages) that examines the moral and ethical issues related to triaging patients in an emergency room.By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:SHOW MORE
Toggle DrawerContextWorking in an emergency room gives rise to ethical dilemmas. Due to time restraints and the patient’s cognitive impairment and lack of medical history, complications can and do occur. The nurse has very little time to get detailed patient information. He or she must make a quick assessment and take action based on hospital protocol. The organized chaos of the emergency room presents unique ethical challenge, which is why nurses are required to have knowledge of ethical concepts and principles.
Toggle DrawerQuestions to ConsiderTo deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community.
How does a triage nurse decide which patient gets seen first?
How does health disparity affect the triage nurse’s decision making?
What ethical and moral issues does the triage nurse take into account when making a decision?
What are triage-level designations?
Toggle DrawerResourcesSuggested ResourcesThe following optional resources are provided to support you in completing the assessment or to provide a helpful context. For additional resources, refer to the Research Resources and Supplemental Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom.Capella Resources
APA Paper Template.
APA Paper Tutorial.
Assessment InstructionsYour supervisor has asked you to do a 15-minute oral presentation at a staff meeting about a recent issue that occurred at another hospital in town. Following an industrial accident, two patients arrived at the emergency room of that hospital at the same time, presenting with very similar inhalation injuries. The hospital received a great deal of negative press due to how the patients were triaged in the ER. Your supervisor would like you to use the specifics of this case to review triage procedures and best practices at your facility. Here are the details:
One is a 32-year-old firefighter, Frank Jeffers, who is presenting with respiratory difficulties that he obtained while evacuating victims of an industrial accident. He is a married homeowner and father of two young boys. He has lived in the community all his life. He has full and comprehensive health insurance through his employer.
The other is Brent Damascus, a 58-year-old man. Brent is presenting with respiratory difficulties with the same intensity as Mr. Jeffers above. He is well known at the hospital emergency room, as he is a frequent visitor with various complaints, including asthma, headaches, and tremors. He is homeless, unemployed, and uninsured. He stays many nights at the YMCA and eats lunch at the soup kitchen. He has lived in the community for over 10 years and has been arrested several times for petty theft.
PreparationSearch the Capella library and the Internet for scholarly and professional peer-reviewed articles on best practices in triage nursing. You will need at least three articles to use as support for your work on this assessment.DirectionsCreate a 15-minute presentation (3–4 pages) that examines the moral and ethical issues that occurred when triaging these two patients and the best practices for managing this in the future.Divide your draft into a number of talking points that you can summarize neatly. Keep in mind that an oral presentation requires slightly different language than an essay. The aim is to communicate your message so keep sentences simple and focus on the key points you want to deliver. Address the following in your presentation:
Explain the health care policies and protocols that are in place that direct triage care in an emergency situation.
Explain how health care disparities impact treatment decisions.
Identify the health care policies that are in place that direct care for uninsured individuals. Is there a difference in how these individuals are triaged?
Describe the moral and ethical challenges nurses can face when following hospital policies and protocols. Is there a conflict when a severely injured person is also uninsured?
Recommend evidence-based strategies that should be applied for managing the care of uninsured and indigent population.
Additional RequirementsYour presentation should meet the following requirements:
Written communication: Written communication should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
References: Include a reference section with a minimum of three references; a majority of these should be peer-reviewed sources. All resources should have been published within the last 5 years.
APA format: Resources and citations should be formatted according to current APA style and formatting.
Length: 3–4 typed, double-spaced pages, excluding title page and reference page. Use Microsoft Word to complete the assessment.
Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12-point.
What is moral dilemmas?
UA Birmingham Lack of Mental Health Professionals in Rural Alabama Discussion
UA Birmingham Lack of Mental Health Professionals in Rural Alabama Discussion.
a. Given what you have learned about this agency, what the agency believes are its priorities, and what you believe are its priorities, select one specific need that you will address through your to-be-developed program.b. Provide a rationale for your choice (i.e. why are you selecting this specific need as the focus of your to-be-developed program?). c. You don’t always have to go with the need ranked as #1 on the list, but you might.d. If you don’t go with the #1 need from your group, you should give a rationale for why you will address a lower-ranked need (e.g., lower hanging fruit, easy first win, special opportunity or funding option, top-ranked priority of key informant, etc.) AGENCY: PATHS (Pediatric Access to Telemental Health Services) NEED TO BE ADDRESSED: ue to the lack of mental health professionals willing to work in the rural area we can say instead of developing in person programs, we can utilize the technology and telehealth to develop virtual mental health educational / outreach programs.
UA Birmingham Lack of Mental Health Professionals in Rural Alabama Discussion
The Battle Of Alamo Research Paper
Table of Contents Abstract Background Literature review. Cause of the war The course of the war The aftermath The significance of the war Conclusion References Abstract The battle of Alamo is well known for the important personalities that were involved. Among the prominent combatants that personally involved themselves in the war include Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the Mexican president, David Crocket, the Tennessee congressman, James Bowie, the congressman and colonel William Barret Travis who was not known at the time but received a national distinction as one of the best commanders of all time in Alamo. Texans and Americans as a whole believe that the Alamo war was a sacrifice to the nation by those who were involved. The fairy tale portion of the battle has been portrayed in several popular public shows. These shows have made it difficult to comprehend the true historical events. This research paper will be exploring the course, the causes and the aftermath of the war. The paper will also explore how the war ended in victory for the Texans and how it affected both the Texan and the American society. The paper will majorly use the literature review to explore the course of the war as well as the causes and the aftermath. Background The battle of Alamo is well known for the important personalities that were involved. Among the prominent combatants that personally involved themselves in the war included Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the Mexican president, David Crocket, the Tennessee congressman, James Bowie, the congressman and the colonel William Barret Travis who was not known at the time but received a national distinction as one of the best commanders of all time (Hardin, 1994). For many Texans as well as the Americans, the battle of Alamo has been one of the secret codes of the nationalistic sacrifice. The fairy tale portion of the battle has been portrayed in several popular public. These shows have made it difficult to comprehend the true historical event. In order to understand the battle of Alamo, one must concur with its premeditated background in the Texas rebellion. It all started with the capture of several towns from the centralist forces by the Texan federalist immigrant army together with American volunteers and Tejano cronies. During the siege of Bexar, the Texian, as the Texan federalist immigrant army was known, drove away the centralist forces and took control over San Antonio, Goliad and Gonzalez. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Immediately after this victory, most of the Texan volunteers’ army took advantage of the winter and went back to their families living only a few men back to guard the towns that have been captured (Hardin, 1994). However, the provisional government in place feared that the centralist army may strike back during spring Literature review. Cause of the war This war was caused by many factors. The most prominent was differences in ideologies. The Americans were thinking about “manifest destiny” while Mexicans were preoccupied by their pride and expansion. Matters broke loose on 16th December, 1836 when a small number of armed Texans attacked Nacodoches and declared its independence from Mexico. They then named the place the Republic of Fredonia (Lord, 1978). This battle was won through the support that the local Indians provided. Mexico was not pleased with the continuing rebellion and sent a huge number of troops to stump down the revolution. This was not to be. Upon hearing that the Mexican forces are coming, the “Fredonians” fled to Louisiana. The centralist law made it illegal for any other Americans to migrate into Texas. In defiance, many Americans continued to migrate to Texas and offered support to those who were deemed by the Mexican government as the rebels. But the Texans, mostly federalist immigrants, vowed to free themselves from the centralist’s government (Jenkins, 1973). Their main aim was to annex Texas from Mexico. The formation of the federalist free army further exacerbated the situation. Skirmishes and violence broke out in most towns with the Texan federalist immigrant army taking control of many towns. However, on April 6, 1830, Mexico made a decree in response to the violence. The decree proscribed additional Americans from immigrating to Texas. In addition, more stringent commercial taxes were also imposed. In 1834, Mexico became under the dictatorship of the General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. This caused more revolt as Texans continued to stand firm against his authority. As agitation continued, prominent Texan figures were being arrested and jailed. One of these was Stephen Austin whose letter advising Texans to form their own state was attained by the Mexican government (Hardin, 1994). Soon after his detention, the war broke out. We will write a custom Research Paper on The Battle Of Alamo specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Texan combatants who disguised themselves to be fighting for the reinstatement of democracy in Mexico took control over San Antonio, Goliad and Gonzalez. After capturing these cities, the Texan soldiers broke for the winter holidays leaving only a few men to guard San Antonio (Hardin, 1994). Unexpectedly, the Mexican dictator General Santa Anna pulled in accompanied with a large troop and forced themselves in San Antonio. This forced the few soldiers that remained to guard San Antonio to retreat to Alamo. Alamo was then a mission next to San Antonio. With large troop surrounding them, the defendant leader, Colonel William B. Travis, called for reinforcement from the other cities. However, only few soldiers approximated to be 32 from Gonzalez managed to come. With these few soldiers, Colonel Travis now had a total of 187 soldiers in his camp against approximately 2000 men of Santa Anna (Jenkins, 1973). The 15 inhabitants who were within the Alamo walls comprised of women and children. The most prominent among them was Mrs. Dickinson and her child. Mrs. Dickinson was the wife of Lieutenant Dickinson. Lieutenant Dickinson was among those who died in defense of Alamo. The Mexican forces laid a siege to the small mission and over and over again assaulted Alamo. But they were kept at bay in every attempt by the Texans (Hardin, 1994). In each attempt, the Mexican general lost quit a number of men. Despite these losses, Santa Anna did not give up. He pressed on with the assault. During one of these occasions, the Texan colonel, Travis, declared that he will not retreat or give up Alamo. He vowed to die for the sake of his country. In the meantime, Santa Anna continued to pound the mission without success. The course of the war In fact, the war took exactly eight days. It began on December 10, 1835, when the Texan free army took control of San Antonio and Alamo. Upon hearing the assault, the centralist army under the command of Santa Anna began their match to bring down the revolt in Texas. Throughout the day of February 23, 1836, the Mexican army matched to San Antonio and before dawn they arrived. The Texan guards in San Antonio were surprised by their fast movement and upon hearing that Santa Anna was in San Antonio; they retreated to Alamo (Hardin, 1994). The Texans were being commanded by Colonel Travis. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Battle Of Alamo by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Colonel Travis predicted an assault from Santa Anna and did everything within his powers to defend Alamo. The colonel and few Texan combatants strengthened the walls of Alamo to provide at least a defense against any attack. Though the wall and design of Alamo was built to serve as a mission and not a fortress, Travis and his men had to do anything within their means to defend themselves. The Alamo walls were thick but not strong enough to block any bombardment. The walls were made of plane stone-works with no support to control any line of the battalion. Within the rectangular wall were four pieces of artillery mounted on the wall facing the main town (Jenkins, 1973). Similar number was also mounted facing the north while two were mounted on the side of the church. The church was on the south east corner of the rectangular wall. The church building was huge enough to house both the weapon stockpile and the army houses. The other four artilleries were placed facing the main gate. These artilleries were to defend the gate that overlooks the bridge crossing San Antonio River. Even though Alamo was in full supply of water and food, Travis and his men were in short supply of additional men, ammunition and other provisions. On reaching Alamo, the centralist commander Santa Anna demanded immediate surrender without any condition. Travis refused to give in and instead fired a short. Santa Anna responded to this by raising red-blood flag over the city (Lord, 1978). Immediately, bombardment began. The first intentions were to make it slow and harmless to make defenders surrender. This was not to be. Instead, Travis called for help from his fellow country men and compatriots. Seeing no much progress, Santa Anna personally led a battalion towards the gates of Alamo. The main aim was to erect a battery. Contrary to their expectations, Travis resisted strongly and drove them back. They were later reinforced by another battalion and the fight continued the whole of that afternoon. At night, the Santa Anna army succeeded and raised their battery but with a greater loss. The success was also due to the protection from the old houses standing between the Alamo gates and the bridge (Lord, 1978). During the same night, Santa Anna erected several batteries and a Calvary at strategic places surrounding the walls of Alamo. In response, Travis scorched all wooden and straw houses that stood between them and the Santa Ana batteries. The following day saw small fights between the defenders and the Calvary that was stationed to the east walls of Alamo. During this time, Santa Anna received additional contingent that provided reinforcement. The additional reinforcement increased his guard which he strategically stationed in several places around the walls and in front of the batteries (Hardin, 1994). Meanwhile, Travis men ventured out for food and water with no loss. At night, they ended up destroying some of the old houses that stood between them and Mexican battery stationed north east of the walls of Alamo. Throughout this time, the Santa Anna men were constantly bombarding the fort. The effect of this bombardment was too little to pose any threat to the Texans. The Texans even assaulted the battery that was erected on the north east claiming several casualties (Jenkins, 1973). On the 28th, the Mexicans managed to put up one more battery in close proximity to the old mill and endeavored to cut the water supply. But they were repulsed by the defendants of the fort. Meanwhile, the defendants were busy making the walls stronger using anything within their means. It is essential to note that Travis requested for assistance on the 23rd from Colonel Fannin who was stationed at Goliad. On his letter, Travis made his position that he would not surrender known to Fannin. The message reached Goliad on the 25th and on the 28th Fannin began his match to Bexar with four pieces of artillery and three hundred additional men (Lord, 1978). With a control of 100 combatants, captain Westover was left behind to watch over Goliad. Fannin never went far before one of his wagons broke. Left with only one York of oxen to drive the artillery across the river, he was forced to double his men. This took them longer than was expected. In addition, the provision he had was not enough to last his men and the forces within Alamo. Prior to his arrival in Alamo, the interim council decided otherwise and he was forced to return to Goliad. The information concerning the coming of Fannin to Bexar was received by Santa Anna on the same day Fannin began his match. Santa Anna sent Calvary and infantry under the general Sesma to meet and stop him before reaching Alamo (Lord, 1978). This was even before the council of war decided otherwise. However, the decision by Fannin was reversed before he met the Santa Anna men. Though colonel Fannin was turned back, a contingent of 30 men were safely led into Alamo by Captain John W. Smith. This reinforcement increased the number of Travis men to 187. During these maneuverings, the offensive against Alamo by Santa Anna continued. But due to lack of ammunition, Texans fired rarely. On the evening, March 1, the Texan defendants struck the abode sheltering Santa Anna by a single twelve pound shot (Hardin, 1994). Santa Anna maintained heavy bombardment the following day but the Texan would not give up. They maintained their defense as much as they could. On the 3rd, the Mexicans managed to put up another battery on the north wall within the range of a musket-short. This was also the same day that Colonel Travis last petitioned the convention president for support. Even this time, he emphasized the non surrender stand. In the letter, Travis clearly expressed his determination and position that he will not surrender any Texan land to the centralist forces (Jenkins, 1973). The skirmishes with the advancing Texans continued as Travis got a message from Fannin that he would not join him. Firing continued on the following day. On the same day, Santa Anna consulted with his council of war for permission to finally assault Alamo. Meanwhile, Santa Anna sent for twelve more pounders. At the time they arrived, the decision was reached that the final assault should be made. Though the pounders were expected on the 7th, the decision just after their arrival hastened the final assault. For over six days, the Texan heroes relentlessly defended Alamo (Hardin, 1994). However, on the eighth day, the Mexican general ordered the remaining troops to capture the mission. In the first two occasions, the Texan soldiers defended the mission and repelled the Mexicans. Many of the Santa Anna men fell. On the third attempt, the Alamo walls were destroyed. What followed was a hand-to-hand fight using every weapon including knifes, utensils and riffle butts. Every Texan soldier passionately fought. In an attempt to blow up everyone in Alamo with the gun powder, one of the Texan soldiers was shot (Jenkins, 1973). This shot saved the Mexicans who survived, or else, everyone including Santa Anna would have died in Alamo. Even after relentless fight, all the contagion perished, Colonel Travis included. Those who live to tell the tale were all non combatants. The aftermath Though the Texan army consisted of few men, they relentlessly defended their country. In fact, the cost of the war to Texan people was the entire 187 battalion. These men defended Texas against over 2000 men of Santa Anna. Historians approximate that Santa Anna lost over 1500 men, however, some dispute the number and approximate the Mexican casualties to be a round 600 men. Seven defendants were thought to have remained but were later executed under the Santa Anna orders (Lord, 1978). This war claimed prominent Americans among them Davy Crocket. These men were respected Texan army colonels. However, the Mexican triumph was without a price. All the defenders perished with over 1500 Mexican soldiers. For the colonel Travis, his words came to pass; he died for his country (Lord, 1978). He received both victory and death. He emerged victorious simply because he killed large number of Mexican soldiers. This is the war that the Texans will ever remember. Upheld with victory in Alamo, Santa Anna hurriedly embarked on a combat to annihilate diminutive Texan soldiers in Sam Houston. Fearing the large combat of Santa Anna, the Houston backed away in direction of the US border (Hardin, 1994). With a contingent of 1400 men, Santa Anna led his army towards San Jacinto and on April 21, 1836, met head on with the Texan army. With the battle of Alamo in mind, the Houston army incarcerated and scattered Santa Anna troops (Jenkins, 1973). Santa Anna was ultimately captured the following day. The battle of San Jacinto finally secured the Texas independence from Mexico. The significance of the war The Alamo battle became significant especially to Texans since it emerged as a symbol of unity against Santa Anna and his forces. At San Jacinto, the Texan forces, though few, defeated mighty Santa Anna simply because of the rallying cry for those who gave up their lives at Alamo. Critically, the battle of Alamo led to the Texan independence. It was the final battle at San Jacinto that Texans won their independence. One thing led to another, it was this self-determination by the Texans that set the groundwork for their right of entry into the union. It was also entry into the union that led to the war of Mexicans and the United States. The war annexed the larger part of Mexico that later became the majority of the Western States of USA. The annexation of Mexico came about as a result of the Guadalupe Hidalgo agreement that committed Mexico to give up the claimed territories. In this way, the battle of Alamo became the root cause of the United States expansion and inclusion of some of the parts that were originally under the dominion of the Mexicans. These places were finally freed from the Mexican authoritative rule. The battle of Alamo could also be claimed to have led to the civil war. Immediately the union doors were opened for the Texans, an argument broke out. The contestation was whether to consent to the claimed territories into slavery. The impact of this debate was a civil war. Many Americans and Texans in particular believed that the Alamo war set a stage for the union to become the world power. Given the fact that the Union did not fall apart into single states, the enormous resources that were drawn from the purchase of Louisiana in 1803, the Oregon question settlement in 1846, the Texas annexation in 1845 and the cessation of the Mexico in 1848 provided enough resources for the union to assert their social, economic and political influence to the rest of the world. Conclusion The war fought in Alamo will ever remain in history in both Texas as well as in the whole of America. Indeed, the Alamo war accomplished what every one could not have expected. With a few contingents, the heroic men defended their country which at the end cost their life. Throughout the eight days siege, these heroes never stopped calling for support from their government. Internal wrangles never allowed for immediate support. These men put their lives at risk for the sake of their country. However, sacrifice of Travis and his men vivaciously rekindled the need for independence in the Texas and fire up a righteous flame of wrath that plunged the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto. The Alamo war will continue to be inspirational occasion in the history of Texas. Moreover, the war set the stage for what to become today the renowned powerful United States. The defeat of Santa Anna and his forces at San Jacinto led to the independence of Texas. The self-governance gave way to the union which later led to the war between the United States and Mexico. The war resulted into the capture of most of the Mexican territory which later became part of the western states. The joining of the union by the Texans and other states led to the civil war which made Americans realized the importance of the union. The holding up of the union and the enormous resources gave way for the formation of a stronger union that dominated the world socially, politically and economically. In general, the Alamo war was not only significant to the Texans but also to the Americans. Even though this battle led to the loss of life to many and in particular the prominent Americans, the gains that the war brought could equally be measures to the blood of those who committed themselves to the freedom of the Texans. Their beliefs and dreams inspired the foundation of the freedom that is today being enjoyed in the whole of the United States. References Hardin, S. (1994). Texian iliad: a military history of the Texas revolution, Austin: University of Texas Press. Jenkins, J. (1973). The papers of the Texas revolution, 1835-1836. Austin: University of Texas Press. Lord, W. (1978). A time to stand. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.