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Business Management And Entrepreneurship Management Essay

Business management and entrepreneurship are improving rapidly nowadays and one of the main roles is improving with it also, which is the line manager. The role of line manager became very important in the structure of the business entity, because it is the shortest way for executive or non-executive directors to communicate with their employees and line manager helps in this situation a lot. Line manager appeared from the business term “Line Management” and its aim was to administrate all activities which are hold in the company and try to maximise level of service providing and output of products. In the real life line manager normally in charge of activities and labour’s output or it is responsible for a specific product line, for example, tea production and he cannot make any alterations in production of coffee, because normally it will have its own line manager who is responsible for this product line. The functions of the line manager may increase and interfere with other management line to increase the success of an entity. For example, co-operation of line manager with human resource manager, finance manager or even with manager who is responsible for risk taking can help to the business to succeed and meet required goals. However, line manager cannot function with other managers, if he or she was not asked for it, so the individuals above the line manager are responsible to allow him or her to interfere with other managers or not. As it was mentioned above the line manager has lots of responsibilities and it differs from business to business because every entity may need the line manager in different product area, so there are lots of skills which the line manager needs in order to be the best manager, so the entity can be very successful. The most important skills of the manager are cooperation with all staff, leadership, motivation, planning and setting aims for the product line in which he operates and have high knowledge combined with skills, so he can use all what he or she knows effectively to approach they targets. The reason why cooperation with all staff is important is to avoid misunderstanding, so he can set target and achieve it fast if all his employees will understand what is asked from them. The line manager must be a leader, because if he has no leadership no one would listen to him and everyone will do what they think is right, so they will create a chaos in the workplace, which can dramatically effect of the company, so the leadership of the manager is one of the most important skills which every manager must have. The motivation is very crucial point in the entity, because if employees will not be satisfied they will not do their work at the highest quality or even will not reach the output target, so it is important for the line manager to talk and motivate staff and help where it is necessary to keep his employees at high level of motivation. Another important skill for the line manager is planning and setting goals, which will ease the work of employee, because they will know what, is asked from him. Also, it helps to avoid demotivation in cases if the employee did not reach the output target, because he even did not know what was asked from him. Finally, knowledgeable and skilful line manager can help to understand every employee’s task even if they are not familiar with a specific type of work yet, so it will also motivate them, because the line manager can support them because he knows what to do and how. These skills are essential in order to help the entity to succeed, however, there are lots of other skills which can boost the efficiency of the line manager such as: confidence, organisation, respect, employees can trust him, making decisions in critical circumstances, good relationship with everyone and can guide and inspire his or her workers. There are three different management styles and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. These managing styles are known as autocratic, paternalistic and democratic. First style which will be discussed is autocratic style of management. Autocratic style allows to manager to make all of the decisions himself and not to listen to the opinion of others. Also, the autocratic manager do not trust to his or her employees because it is thought that they are lazy and they are not willing to do their job, so manager must give clear orders to all of them. This method of management is very effective for making critical decisions and also it is very helpful to control lots of low-skilled (employees who do not need experience to work) employees. However, there is a huge disadvantage in motivation of the individuals which can cause several problems which were discussed above. Paternalistic is opposite of autocratic, because it is not strict style of management, but leadership has a huge influence here. These types of managers give more attention on social needs and views of their workers and they try to keep their motivation at high level to increase the efficiency of work. Also, before making any important decision they listen to the opinions of their employees, but still the right to make a decision is the manager’s responsibility. The only disadvantage of this management style is leadership and influence of the manager, so if the line manager has weak leadership then problems might occur in the entity. Finally, the last style of management is democratic, which gives more freedom to employees, because these types of managers trust their employees and encourage them to decide what they must to do to improve quality and output of the product. Also, they will listen to the opinions of their employees and make a decision with them. Even so, there is a disadvantage of this style such as allowing to employees freedom, so they can simply misuse it to avoid responsibility. Nevertheless, directors cannot choose what style of management is suitable for them because the major influence on the management style comes from culture of the country. Move One (2011, November 24), stated that different countries support different style of managing, because their local culture play an integral role in the decision of the management style. The UAE style of managing is paternalistic, so in the UAE good managers are those who give clear and straightforward instructions what to do to their workers. Furthermore, lack of leadership skills determined by lack of clear explanation and instructions. So these skills are strongly linked with leadership of the manager in the UAE. However, in Russia it is opposite of the UAE, because autocratic is more preferred there rather than paternalistic. Likewise, Russians have a huge respect to age and rank of the individual, so leadership is not needed here like in the UAE. Also, Ukrainians have similar type to Russians and also have autocratic style of management. Now I would like to discuss one of the most important issues in the business which is the motivation of the employees. The motivation has a direct influence on the performance of the entity and there are different theories which describe how motivation can be improved, but only few of them will be discussed. Taylor’s theory is based that motivation is directly linked to the worker’s salary. Taylor (1917) stated that employees do not enjoy their work, so they must be supervised. Also, specific training lessons should be provided to improve the efficiency of an employee and they should be paid according how many items they had produced which will force them to work more and maximize productivity. This was one of the best theories for a long time. However, this method was close to autocratic style of management, so it was not suitable for everyone for various reasons because of diversity of cultures. Mayo’s theory is opposite to Taylor’s because he thought that money is not motivating people and aimed on motivating via employees social needs at the workplace. Mayo (1949) made a research on it and concluded that individuals are best motivated when there is teamwork, freedom of communication among themselves and involvement of manager himself in working lives. Maslow with Herzberg (1923) developed a pyramid showing the needs of an individual starting from physiological needs and concluding with self-actualisation. The pyramid consisted of five levels of needs of an individual. They believed that first need which needs to be fulfilled is physiological needs. Physiological needs are hunger and thirst. When these need have met then the second stage of the pyramid is safety needs. Each employee wants to be sure that we will not lose his or her job tomorrow and will not have financial problems. In general terms security and protection is their second need. Another need which is also very important called social needs which represent emotional side of an employee. Love, friendship, belongingness, attention and care are characteristics of social needs which can make a major influence on employee and improve his or her efficiency. The fourth stage is called esteem needs and it divides into two sub-sections internal and external. Self-esteem, self-respect, confidence and competence are related to internal esteems. Furthermore, cars, houses and other assets belong to external esteems. Finally, the last stage of need is called self-actualisation and it includes more advanced characteristics such as need of going up in career, gaining more knowledge, having more opportunities and new aims. So, Maslow believed that fulfilling these needs can change the employees dramatically. Thus, it is hard to meet all requirements for each employee because it will take lots of time and money to meet them because each individual has different needs. Herzberg’s theory slightly changes here because he believed that the entity should follow democratic style of managing and improve not everything related to job, but also that is around it like providing health security. He also, advised for line managers to use such methods as job enlargement, job enrichment and empowerment. Job enlargement means to give to an employee a variety of tasks to avoid him be bored on doing the same thing consistently. Job enrichment is similar to job enlargement but aims to give more challenging tasks rather than easy ones. Empowerment simply means to leave to the employees to decide themselves their working conditions and life during the work. Also, it was mentioned that communication process and method is very important in the business, because some of the communicating methods are not appropriate if someone wants to announce some very important information or even might be misunderstood because of communicating method. Manager should be able to explain explicitly to the employee what it is asked from him using appropriate method of communication. For an instance, if there is an important announcement for an accountant he can call him directly and ask to visit his office rather than sending an e-mail and waiting for respond which normally takes much longer time. Another important skill of a line manager is a decision making. Line managers must be able to identify problem, analyse it and alternatives of it and solve it in short time to avoid confusions among employees. If manager is poor at this area and do not have good evaluating and decision-making skills then he is not a good manager because everyone tend to listen to manager in critical situations, but if manager does not know what to do himself could make a chaos in the workplace. To conclude, the line manager plays a very important role in the role of an entity nowadays. Most of the decisions to improve quality and output of the product line where he was allocated by director must be made by him and explain to all his employees what to do and how with clear instructions. Style of management still influenced by the culture of a country, however, all styles of management can be used effectively with a good manager. Keeping employees motivated by using one of the mentioned above methods can improve the performance of the company. Nevertheless, the success of any entity is depended on skills of manager and balancing different factors. (Word count 2032)
Do 8.1, 8.2, 8.6. I’m studying for my Java class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Every homework assignment should be done as a report. For each report you should include:• 5 points: Your name• 10 points: An assignment title• 10 points: A single sentence that explains what you learned or noticed.
For every problem that you work through, you should include:• 10 points: A single question describing what the question is asking• 20 points: Your code• 10 points: Your code output
• 10 points: A discussion of your solution
Do 8.1, 8.2, 8.6

Primary methods of maintaining organizational culture. An organization’s culture is made up of comparatively stable characteristics. It grows over many years and is rooted in intensely held values to which employees are forcefully committed. In addition, there are number of forces are successfully operating to maintain a given culture. These include written allegations about the organization mission and philosophy, the design of physical spaces and buildings, the dominant leadership style, hiring criteria, past promotion practices, entrenched rituals, popular stories about key people and events, the organization’s historic performance evaluation criteria, and the organization’s formal structure. Significantly, the organizational culture includes values, assumptions, goals and Industry demands. So the culture has been maintained through Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA), Employee on-boarding (socialization), Leadership (Top management) , and organizational Reward systems. It determines what types of people are hired by an organization and what types of people are left out. Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) : First, employees are attracted to organizations where they will suit in. According to Judge statement, the employees with distinctive personality traits find different cultures attractive.[1]For example, out of their individual traits, employees who illustrate neurotic personalities were less likely to be attracted to inventive cultures, whereas those who had openness to experience were more likely to be. By ASA process, While selection, candidates and corporations both are looking for people who will fit into their current corporate culture.[2] Considering southwest airlines and Google are the best example for that. Attrition refers to the instinctive process, where the candidates who do not fit in will go away from the company. Research indicates that person-organization incompatibility is one of the important reasons for employee turnover.[3] New Employee On-boarding : On-boarding pertains to the process through which new employees learn the attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviors required to function effectively within an organization.[4] When the organizational employees socializing the new people, inviting as a part of their family, they will feel accepted by their peers and confident regarding their ability to perform, and also they can share the assumptions, norms, and values that are the part of the organization’s culture. This understanding and confidence is making the new employees to perform their ability and traits in a excellent way. As well as it gives higher job fulfillment, Effective organizational commitment, and long period of time experience within the company for them. Organizations can also engage in different activities to facilitate on-boarding, such as implementing orientation programs or matching new employees with mentors. These processes are expanded by the nature of the company.[5] (refer Exhibit 1-1) Leadership : Leadership’s are significantly helpful in creating and modifying the organization’s culture. There is a direct agreement between the leader’s style and an organization’s culture. For example, when leaders motivate and praise the employees in the firm by their knowledge , skills, initiatives, the corporate culture tends to be more supportive and people- oriented. Consequently, the leaders are providing rewards, contingent on performance, again it tends to be more performance-oriented and competitive also to them.[6] Likewise, the leaders will influence directly to the cultures of their organizations. Apart from the leader’s influence, the role model is another tool (Charismatic). Research have suggested that leader behavior, attitudes, and decision-making, the consistency between union policy, leader actions and role modeling determine the degree to which the organization’s culture emphasizes ethics [7]. The leader’s own behaviors will influence each individuals to understand what is acceptable behavior and what is unacceptable. In an organization, in which high-level leaders make the effort to involve others in decision making and seek opinions of others, team diversity is more likely to evolve. By acting as role models (charismatic), leaders send signals to the organization about the norms and values that are expected to guide the actions of its members. Leaders also proves their success from reactions to the actions of others in the organizational culture. Through their day-to-day actionsPrimary methods of maintaining organizational culture

answer to discussion and then reply to peer comments.

answer to discussion and then reply to peer comments..

Provide an analysis of the excerpt of the memoir “Learning to Read” from The Autobiography of Malcolm X. This is not a summary; make sure that you offer an interpretation of the memoir and that you “read between the lines” in order to address each aspect of analysis:AudiencePurposeContentMood StyleStructureIn addition to your main response, you must also post substantive responses to at least two of your classmates’ posts in this thread. Your response should include elements such as follow up questions, further exploration of topics from the initial post, or requests for further clarification or explanation on some points made by the classmates.Comment 1In the memoir, “Learning to Read” from The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the author El-Hajj Malik El- Shabazz, better known as Malcolm X, describes the way he used his time in prison as an experience of enlightenment by learning how to read, and becoming an astonishing writer. This memoir was intended for those lacking inspiration, specifically the black youth who can relate to Malcolm X and his struggles. The purpose of “Learning to Read” was to inform the readers about the hardships he faced, as well as to encourage and promote education. He wanted to show the reader that you can achieve anything you put your mind to, even when your under unfortunate circumstances. My first impression while reading this memoir was that it was immensely inspiring and motivating, because he wrote with so much passion. He narrated specific events throughout his learning journey such as the way he memorized the dictionary front to back, and the way he stayed up until three or four every morning just to continue reading. Malcolm X demonstrated the way he went from frustration out of not being able to read and write, to becoming one of the most influential writers today. He proved that when you take initiative and put your mind to it, you can achieve any goal. Comment 2From the excerpt “Learning to Read” Malcolm X was known as a powerful black leader who made his way up the ladder. Throughout the entire excerpt you were able to see the the growth that Malcolm X had gone through, starting out as someone who could not even explain himself, due to the lack of knowledge he had, he was able to learn through the power of reading. This excerpt was for the general public, anyone who wanted to know who Malcolm X was, those who wanted to see how he gained his knowledge, and possibly even learn from him. His purpose was to open up people’s minds, allowing them to not get discouraged and to push for what they are longing for, in Malcolm X’s case he wanted to gain more knowledge. He shows the audience that if you set your mind to something, you can achieve it. Not once did I feel that he wanted the audience who was reading to feel sorry for him, though he was in jail, he made the best out of it, and the mood that was set for this excerpt was that he wanted everyone to be happy for his accomplishment, and to possibly learn from him and try for whatever goal anyone is trying to reach. The authors structured this excerpt in a way to see Malcolm X’s growth, starting from the beginning his you see his struggles, but you seen him push through to achieve his long term goal which was to gain the knowledge that went far beyond eighth grade.
answer to discussion and then reply to peer comments.

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The privacy and security provisions of HIPAA are complex. HIPAA allows states to establish stricter standards than those in HIPAA, but not less strict versions.For this assignment, research two real-life examples of HIPAA violations of privacy or security laws that occurred in the U.S. since the passage of the HIPAA law (after 1996). Each violation described should be serious, and one that resulted in a fine or penalty for the individual or company involved.

You can find real-life examples of HIPAA violations in news reports, medical journals, professional health care publications, and other similar reliable factual sources

For each example violation, include the following information:1. A complete, descriptive summary of the case:

How did the HIPAA violation occur?
What policies, if any, did the organization have in place to protect against the violation?
What was the penalty for the violation (fine, prison terms, termination of employment, etc?)

2. Finally, describe three ways in which the organization could have prevented the violations.Requirements:Submit your essay in a Word document. This assignment must be at least 500 words, with at least four references cited properly in APA format, and a title page (APA format). This assignment must be well- written with proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Follow the rubric.

By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssign™ services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) that your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.

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watch movie and answer the question. Very simple assignment

watch movie and answer the question. Very simple assignment.

Maybe print this or have a the questions infront of you for while you are watching, you do NOT need to comment on another post, just answer the questions, does not need to be formal.(…)What animal do the Hadza fear/not hunt?What is there relationship like with the birds and the bees?What do you think about them not being able to wear animal skins anymore?What language do they speak/why is their language important?What do the children do?What do the Hadza eat? Who prepared what?What do the Hadza do for fun?What is their marital system like? Do men leave? Women leave?What is their social hierarchal system like? Do you think this is tied to their marital systemDo the Hadza have a choice to become educated?What happened when the children decided they didn’t want to stay in school? Why did they leave? How did they get home?Why are they tied to their land? What is happening to their land?Are they happy?
watch movie and answer the question. Very simple assignment

Vancouver’s Interactive Guide – Project Management Proposal

Biography: The Story of My Academic Life I am a college student with quite an experience in academic writing and research. I have already completed several projects and written a range of academic papers ranging from essays to research papers. Though this project is very challenging, I believe that I have the skills and knowledge to design it properly. Project Description: The Possibilities of Vancouver New Media The project will take the form of a free downloadable video game, which will help people discover new information about Vancouver and become interested in the city, its sights, and history. The game will incorporate hand-drawn animation (it is important that the amount of CGI in the game should be driven to nil) and the actual shots of Vancouver. Thus, it will be possible to blend the reality with the virtual world of the interactive game. Project Goals: In Search for the Gems of the City The Vancouver Project is aimed at attracting people’s attention to Vancouver and its unique features. Primarily, the project is designed to make information about the city interesting, popular, and easily accessible. It is important that the key sights of the city, as well as the interesting facts about it, should be available to as many people as possible. Thus, it will be possible to keep the unique culture of the city alive and make the latter retain its originality in the era of globalization, when cultures merge, therefore, losing their uniqueness. Interactive Component: Designing a Video Game The video game in question will allow the players to add their own elements to it, therefore, becoming more complex with each new member accessing it. Audience: When Every Single Visitor Counts It will be reasonable to suggest that the age group, which the target audience is going to be included in, should be stretched from young teenagers (i.e., 10–12-year-old users) to adults (30–40-year-old users). Because of the difference in tastes of younger and older generations, the classic design of the online game in question should be provided. Inspiration: Following into the Footsteps of the Giants The creation of the game was inspired by a range of interactive first-person adventure games, as well as a range of indie games. The simplistic style and the originality of the latter are truly enthralling; it is fascinating that true gems can be created on a shoestring budget. A Guide to the Great Adventure: Welcome to the Vancouver Project Welcome to the Vancouver Interactive Game Project! As you hit the “start” button, you will see Captain Vancouver on the screen for a couple of moments. He is not very happy about being a part of this quest, yet he did contribute a lot to the state as an explorer of this country, so there is a point in giving him some credit and letting him see you through this game. He is quite grumpy, yet he will give you helpful hints. At the bottom of the screen, the progress bar and the inventory bar are located. You can pick the items from the inventory bar with your mouse and combine them, use them to unlock the levels, etc. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The user starts with the choice of a location that they will investigate for puzzles and clues. The player must be very attentive to details. For example, at the end of one of the levels, the user will have to answer a short quiz (5 questions) concerning the information, which was represented in the course of the game. To be more exact, the following type of questions will be expected: “Which of these people is known for exploring the area of Vancouver in 1778? Captain James Cook Captain George Vancouver Captain Francis Drake.” If all answers are correct, the player receives a piece of an object traditionally associated with Vancouver and proceeds to the next level. In the course of the levels, the player will collect the pieces of a puzzle, which will have to be solved at the end of the level. Afterward, a peculiar fact about the city and its key features will be revealed. All of the objects, which will be collected in the course of the game, are closely related to the history of Vancouver and bear considerable significance for the people of the city. Or instance, the image of a pacific dogwood is one of the objects that will have to be put together, and that will lead to the discovery of several curious facts about Vancouver and its residents. As soon as the game is over, the player is allowed to edit levels and create their own ones. For example, one may add more items to the level of the Vancouver Art Gallery, therefore, making the puzzle more complicated. Alternatively, an entirely new level can be created based on a specific location that the user would like to add to the game. It should be noted, though, that the locations, which can be included in the game, must be chosen from the map that can be found in the inventory box. In addition, the editing functions are restricted to the creation of quizzes and word puzzles. Each of the levels occurs in a different location, and each location represents a specific Vancouver sight. For example, the Vancouver lookout, a famous skyscraper, is one of the places where the player will have to search for the pieces of the puzzle and answer the quizzes. The rest of the levels also feature some of the most exciting and exotic Vancouver locations, including the Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Chinese Garden, the Granville Island, etc. The last, but definitely not the least, the fact that the game includes a chat, where the players will be able to converse and share their experience, will be provided. Interactive Component: Sharing Experience with Others (A Game Review by User1027) At first, I had my doubts about this game. There are a lot of projects that are called educational and yet cannot get people to remember a single historical or scientific fact after the game is over. This game, however, was a welcome change of pace. It did allow for learning more about the city, and it did so in a rather unobtrusive manner. What fascinates about the game is that it does not belong to any particular genre; it incorporates the elements of an arcade, a puzzle, and a strategy. As a result, a completely unique atmosphere is created. Though the graphic solutions of the game leave much to be desired, it is still worth trying out as a peculiar introduction to Vancouver history and culture.