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BUS 503 Trident Univeristy Mod 4 Cycle of Change Model Discussion

BUS 503 Trident Univeristy Mod 4 Cycle of Change Model Discussion.

Module 4 – CaseTHE “CYCLE OF CHANGE” MODELCASE ASSIGNMENTFor the Module 4 Case Assignment, you will use the Cycle of Change Model from Chapter 2 of Campbell (2014) to evaluate the organizational transformation process of a well-known company: Caterpillar, Incorporated.Read the following from Bouchard (2014) The Caterpillar Way: Lessons in Leadership, Growth, and Shareholder Value, and the case study from Neilson and Pasternack (2005) about Caterpillar’s organizational transformation, titled The Cat that Came Back. As you read through these two sources, be sure that you carefully consider how the various steps in the Cycle of Change Model were employed by Caterpillar as it undertook its massive, yet immensely successful organizational transformation. Essentially, Caterpillar “wrote the book” on how significant organizational change should be successfully accomplished.Campbell, H. (2014). Managing organizational change: A practical toolkit for leaders. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Bouchard, C. T., & Koch, J. V. (2014). The Caterpillar way: Lessons in leadership, growth, and shareholder value. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Neilson, G. L., & Pasternack, B. A. (2005). The cat that came back. Strategy+Business. Retrieved from reading the two Caterpillar sources, write a 5- to 6-page paper using 3 scholarly sources, and respond to the following:Apply the Cycle of Change Model to the Caterpillar case study. That is,Direct the change: Minimally, describe the process by which Caterpillar determined the nature and scope of the change needed. Did the organization explicitly state what the expected outcome(s) of the transformation would be? How well was the change articulated?Drive the change: How was the company’s new vision made known? What was the process for “driving” and energizing people involved with and responsible for the organizational transformation?Deliver the change: Describe the process by which Caterpillar delivered the change (e.g., project management).Prepare for the change: Discuss Caterpillar’s change management process; how were the company’s people and culture prepared for such a massive transformation?How was the change propagated throughout the organization?What benefits/value did Caterpillar realize from the organizational transformation process? Were the outcomes consistent with the benefits that were contemplated at the outset of the planning process?With the understanding that Caterpillar’s transformation was tremendously successful, provide your impressions concerning the extent to which Caterpillar adhered to the Cycle of Change Model.Related to Item No. 2, what did Caterpillar do particularly well in terms of following the Cycle of Change Model sequence?Conclude your paper by providing recommendations on what Caterpillar might have done differently to improve the organizational transformation.The following source may also be helpful to you in the completion of the Case Assignment, as it provides very current background on Caterpillar:Ibis World. Available in Additional Library Resources in the Trident Online Library.ASSIGNMENT EXPECTATIONSYour task for this assignment is to “map” the events you’ve read in the case study to the various steps in the Cycle of Change Model. Bear in mind that Caterpillar did not utilize the Cycle of Change Model as the “script” by which the company undertook the various steps of its organizational transformation. Therefore, you may not find that Caterpillar followed the Cycle of Change Model precisely, and in certain instances, you will likely be required to interpret how Caterpillar fulfilled some step(s) in the Cycle of Change Model sequence.Your paper must be at least 5 pages (Excluding Title and References Pages) in length.Be sure that you incorporate (3 scholarly) sources found on the Background page into your written analysis.Be sure that you properly cite all sources used in your paper (APA Style) in-text and in your end referencing.Upload your Module 4 Case to the Dropbox before or on the assignment due date.MODULE 4Required ReadingCampbell, H. (2014). Managing organizational change: A practical toolkit for leaders. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Bouchard, C.T., & Koch, J. V. (2014). The caterpillar way: Lessons in leadership, growth, and shareholder value. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Neilson, G. L., & Pasternack, B. A. (2005). The cat that came back. Strategy+Business. Retrieved from ReadingCameron, E., & Green, M. (2012). Making sense of change management: A complete guide to the models, tools and techniques of organizational change (3rd ed.). [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Coleman, S., & Thomas, B. (2017). Chapter 9: Employee communication and engagement during change: Insights from neuroscience. In Organizational change explained: Case studies on transformational change in organizations. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Hamm, J. (2011). Unusually excellent: The necessary nine skills required for the practice of great leadership. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Ibis World Database. Available in the Trident Online Library.Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2008). The leadership challenge (4th ed.). [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.Zenger, J. H., Folkman, J. R., & Edinger, S. K. (2009). The inspiring leader: Unlocking the secrets of how extraordinary leaders motivate. [Books24x7 version]. Available in the Trident Online Library.
BUS 503 Trident Univeristy Mod 4 Cycle of Change Model Discussion

1.0 Introduction Enzymes are known as metabolic catalysts, advancing biological chemical reactions without being consumed, binding to substrates in order to create a product (Copeland, 2004) (Moore and Langley, 2011). This occurs via two models, lock and key and induced fit. The lock and key model, theorises that a specific substrate fits exact into a specific enzyme active site, while induced fit theorises that the active site changes shape to fit the substrate (Bettleheim et al., 2009). Enzymes have numerous practical uses, for example, in the process of making wine and cheese (Copeland, 2004). Enzyme kinetics aid in presenting catalysing enzymes in action and focus upon the factors that enzyme reaction rates depend on, which includes pH and time (Engel, 2013). Enzymes are particularly sensitive to changes in pH (Bisswanger, 2017). By researching into enzyme kinetics, industries can amplify yield and reduce the time taken to create a product. Acid phosphatase is an enzyme which can be found within humans, working under the pH and temperature conditions of the body with traces of the enzyme being linked to skeletal diseases (Siller and Whyte, 2017).This information aids in how pharmaceutical tests are carried out for acid phosphatase, therefore, is an important scientific development (Siller and Whyte, 2017). To investigate how pH and time effect acid phosphatase, assays for both factors will be carried out. Objectively, this report aims to investigate whether time and pH effect enzyme kinetics, by observing the initial rate of reaction and how it changes over time, from converted absorbance data. 2.0 Method and Materials. Method and materials utilised for this experiment can be found in the “Introduction to Biochemistry Laboratory Manual 2018-2019”, under Experiment 4A and 4B. Some deviations to the methods have been made, for the method described in experiment 4B, a time span of 10 minutes was utilised to incubate the enzyme. This was chosen, as the method suggested to select a time span where the rate of the reaction became linear, from the data gained from experiment 4A. Utilising this data, a graph was constructed, which showed that the rate of reaction was most linear at 10 minutes. (Appendix 1). 2.1 Equations Various equations aid in the interpretation of the data. pNP calibration data, provided in the laboratory manual, was used to convert the absorbance data into µmol of pNP produced. This calibration data was plotted, with the equation given by the graph being utilised to calculate the concentration of pNP produced (Appendix 2). Conc.=Abs.–0. 10673.2565 This equation was utilised to carry out the conversion for both data sets. Standard deviation was also utilised. ∑(x1–x̅ )2n–1 Standard deviation allows for the variation of the results to be viewed, a smaller standard deviation is often desired as it means less outliers, resulting in more accurate data (Rumsey, 2016). 3.0 Results Results show that for time, enzymes that were placed in the water bath for a longer duration, had a larger amount of µmol of pNP produced. Between five minutes to fifteen minutes, there is a linear phase (Figure 1). Figure 1: µmol of pNP Produced Measured at Various Minute Intervals for an Enzyme Catalysed Reaction. For the factor of pH, pH 7 has the largest amount pNP µmol produced per minute and is the optimum pH. This is where the concentration of pNP produced per minute peaks, then falls at pH 9. pH 9 has the lowest amount of pNP produced per minute (Figure 2). Figure 2: µmol of pNP Produced per minute by Each pH of acid phosphatase in an Enzyme Catalysed Reaction. 4.0 Discussion To summarize, a longer time period and a pH of 7 causes the greatest effect in the enzyme kinetics of acid phosphatase enzyme. Models can help visualise enzyme kinetics. A widely used model is the Michealis-Menten kinetic model and equation (Norris and Malys, 2011). For enzymes to comply with the model Km and Vmax, kinetic parameters, must be obtained (Norris and Malys, 2011). Km is the Michealis-Menten constant, which produces a rate of ½ Vmax and Vmax, is the maximum rate in which an enzyme can be catalysed (Cornish-Bowden, 2015) (Moore and Langley, 2011). The Michealis-Menten equation can be plotted (Figure 3). V0=Vmax ×[S]Km [S] Figure 3: Michalis-Menten Equation plotted (Pharma Factz, 2014). Km is an important value, as it describes the binding within an enzyme substrate complex, a higher Km means that the binding between the enzyme and substrate is weaker, a lower Km means the binding is stronger (Moore and Langley, 2011). A high Km or a weaker bind, means a larger concentration of substrate is required in order for ½ Vmax to be reached (Moore and Langley, 2011). Time scales have significant effect on enzyme kinetics. The graph below shows why this effect occurs (Figure 4). Figure 4: Concentration of substrate [S] and product [P] measured over a period, during an enzyme catalysed reaction (Copeland, 2004). Over time, as the concentration of product increases, the concentration of substrate decreases. Eventually, the substrate concentration will reach zero, therefore, the concentration of product can no longer increase. Less substrate means a decrease in collisions between substrate and enzyme per unit of time, so less product is formed (Copeland, 2004) (Birklett and Lester, 2002). The reaction will reach Vmax as the concentration of product rises and reaches the optimum. Enzymes kinetics are sensitive to any pH changes (Bisswanger, 2017). A bell curve can show this (Figure 5). Figure 5: The first-rate constants dependence of pH (Vmax/ Ks) on a linear scale (Marangoni, 2003). The peak relates to the optimum pH of the enzyme being reached (Marangoni, 2003). Acid phosphatase enzymes optimum pH is around 5.8, which means that Vmax stops increasing around this point (Mobley et al., 1984). Changes in the pH of an enzymes environment causes a change within the enzymes conformation, effecting catalyst mechanisms (Bettleheim et al., 2009) (Bisswanger, 2017). If conditions are acidic, the substrate may gain a hydrogen ion and in alkaline conditions, the substrate may lose a hydrogen ion, meaning the enzyme and substrate can no longer bond, so little product is created and the concentration of product decreases (Clark, 2006). Enzymes also denature at heavily alkaline or acidic substances, due to the disruption of the ionic bonds in the enzymes structure, explaining as to why pH 7 was the optimum for acid phosphatase, as pH 9 was too alkaline (Bisswanger, 2017). The experiment had several problems. The absorbance data gathered when using experiment 4As method, had noticeable outliers, decreasing the accuracy of the data. The error bars in Figure 2 vary in size, however, pH 3 and 9 have the largest bars. Large error bars are undesired because this may mean that outliers within the data have occurred (Rumsey, 2016). The likelihood is that these outliers where caused by errors in time keeping, therefore if repeated, the experiments method should be altered to allow for easier measurement and management of the incubation period. For both methods, when adding the enzyme into the microcentrifuge tubes within the water bath, water was observed spilling into the tubes. This could affect the enzymes and may have caused outliers within the data. Therefore, utmost care should be given when placing the enzyme within the tubes. The methods could be altered by taking the microcentrifuge tubes out of the water bath for a short period of time, adding the enzyme, then placing the tubes back inside the water bath, minimising the amount of water spilled into the tubes. Additionally, only two factors effecting enzyme kinetics where explored. Temperature is also known to affect enzyme kinetics (Engel, 2013). Temperature could be explored by utilising water baths to incubate acid phosphatase at various temperatures and after the same set amount of time, the absorbance data can be gathered from a colourimeter, viewing how temperatures can affect enzymes. Data from different factors ensures a larger understanding in enzyme kinetics. 5.0 Conclusion In conclusion, both temperature and pH are shown to affect the kinetics of acid phosphatase enzyme. More factors that effect enzyme kinetics, should be explored and data sets gathered to further understand the topic. 6.0 Appendix 6.1 Appendix The graph below shows the pNP data found on page 22 of the laboratory manual plotted. Relationship between pNP concentration (µmol) and absorbance (λ=410 nm). 6.2 Appendix 2 The absorbance data from experiment 4a plotted in order to discover the linear face of the rate of reaction. Absorbance (λ=410) vs time (minutes). 7.0 References Bettleheim F., Brown W., Campbell M., Farell S., 2009. Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry, 7th ed, Canada: Brooks/Cole Cengage learning, Pages: 349-350. Birklett J.W., Lester J.N., 2002. Microbiology and Chemistry for Environmental Scientists and Engineers., 2nd ed, London and New York: Taylor and Francis Group, Pages: 139. Bisswanger H., 2017. Enzyme Kinetics: Principles and Methods, 3rd ed, Weinheim: Wiley VCH, Pages: 145. The Effect of Changing Conditions in Enzyme Catalysis– Clark J., (2006). [Online] [Accessed: 07/05/2019] Copeland A.C., 2004. Enzymes: A Practical Introduction to Structure, Mechanism, and Data Analysis., 2nd ed, New York: Wiley VCH, Pages: 15,110. Cornish-Bowden A., 2015. One Hundred Years of Michealis Menten Kinetics, Perspectives in Science, Volume 4, Pages 3-9. Engel P.C., 2013. Enzyme Kinetics: The Steady State Approach, 2nd ed, Springer-Science Business Media B.V, Pages: 8. Marangoni A.G., 2003. Enzyme Kinetics: The Modern Approach, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Pages: 80. Mobley D.M., Chengappa M.M., Kadel W.L., Stuart J.G., 1984. Effect of pH, Temperature and Media on Acid and Alkaline Phosphatase Activity in “Clinical” and “Nonclinical” isolates of Bordetella Bronchiseptica. Can J. Comp Med, Volume 48, Pages: 175-178. Moore J.T., Langely R.H., 2011. Biochemistry for Dummies,2nd ed, Indianapolis: Wiley Publishing Inc., Pages: 82-83, 93-98. Norris G.S.M., Malys N., 2011. What is the true enzyme kinetics in the biological system? An investigation of macromolecular crowding effect upon enzyme kinetics of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Biochemical and Biophysical Reasearch Communications, Volume 205, Issue 3, Pages: 388-322. Medicinal Chemistry-Understanding Enzyme Kinetics– Pharma Factz (2014). [Online][Accessed: 02/05/2019] Siller A.F, Whyte M.P., 2017. Alkaline Phosphatase: Discovery and Naming of Our Favourite Enzyme. JBMR, Volume 33, Issue 2, Pages: 362-364. Rumsey D., 2016. Statistics for dummies, 2nd ed, John Wiley and Sons, (no page numbers).

The role and importance of effective operations management

In the world of organisation there are many essential parts of successful operation. Many people believe that marketing, planning, production sales are the most important part of any business but after research or study its proves that operation management is moral fibre of any business process. Operation management includes all aspects of business process and connected them to create efficient and innovative process. Definition: Operation management is concerned with the managing the resources that directly produce the organisation’s service or products. The resources usually consist of people, material, technology, and information but may go wider than this. These resources are brought together by a series of process so that they are utilised to deliver the primary service or product of the organisation. Thus, operation management is concerned with managing inputs through transformation processes to deliver outputs. Role of Operation Management: The above definition of operations management covers all aspects of an Organisation that is involved in the creation and delivery of products and Services to customers. As such, operations management plays a critical role in The success of organisations. The exact role of operations management can be Viewed from multiple perspectives. One could look at it as a standalone unitary Function within an organisation. It is also possible to look at operations Management as it is practiced across all functional areas in the organisation. Further still, since outside parties such as suppliers and customers are Inherently involved, there is a logical reason to view operations management From this extended perspective that is described as supplychainmanagement. Aside from the functional role, operations management can be analysed for The strategic role it plays in organisations. In this section, all these roles are describes. Operations are mostly seen as basic functional area along with other important area such as finance and marketing. Operation management main function is produce the goods and providing best services to their clients. While operations management has a strong long-term strategic role to play In organisations, it has an equally strong short-term, daily operational role as Well. A large part of operations management deals with the planning, organising, controlling, leading and monitoring of day-to-day use of resources. Somebody has to run and oversee the daily activities of the organisation’s Production of its goods and services, and this is indeed a key part of operations Management. In support of these operational activities, a plethora of tools and techniques have been developed over time to assist in the detailed and localised decision-making and management processes. Many of these are quantitative models, whilst others are more conceptual in nature. Many of these are discussed throughout this book. As an example: Reliance Industries of India when it started it only deals with petroleum products ,but to survive in this competitive world , reliance industry change it policy and take a decision to expand there industry. For this recently it starting reliance super mall in India. In this mall the customer get all basic products. but after some time it again research that this mall are not reaching to some backward areas of India, so for that it start super store in which the rural area people get the products by cheaper price also with this it also provide home delivery service. For stick this customer they also started membership card and a point system. Now his new project is put a step in to milk industries for that he directly dealing with milkmen and than provide good quality milk to their customers. There are also some negative points and sides of this industries. Reliance Industry opened Reliance mall in one state of India just like Gujarat in this state there have already one competitor for Reliance .for beginning time its have good sales because of its good skims and marketing policy. Because of transportation problem n there is dispute between supplier and some small vendors now its in trouble .because of not getting services and products on time customer move to its competitor again. By seen this example we can say that because of not proper operation management the company is now in trouble. Importance of operation management: Its helps company in R

BUL 2241 Rasmussen University Unincorporated Business Venture Discussion

java assignment help BUL 2241 Rasmussen University Unincorporated Business Venture Discussion.

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After your negotiation and transaction with Mr. Barker, you start to realize that this could be a lucrative business. Your mother has been bugging you for months to get rid of all of the other children’s meal toys that you collected over the years. With your estimate, you probably have over $10,000 worth of toys.For this part of the project, you will be starting your own business selling the children’s meals toys. At this point in time, you are the only one running the business, and you will not have any employees. If you were to structure a business based on the facts of this situation, which would you choose and why is that the best fit? At this point in time, you are the only one running the business and you will not have any employees.Your paper should be 1-2 pages in length, double-spaced, and properly APA formatted.
BUL 2241 Rasmussen University Unincorporated Business Venture Discussion

Los Angeles Mission College Child Abuse and Neglect Questions

Los Angeles Mission College Child Abuse and Neglect Questions.

QUESTION 1Part A: Legal Responses to Child Abuse
In 2015, CA had 379,806 total referrals for child abuse and neglect
Of those, 235, 297 reports were referred for investigation (62%)
Of the 30,317 children exiting out-of-home care in 2014 in California, 56% were reunited with their parents or primary caretakers (, 2015).

Based on the above statistics, why do you think only 62% of reports were referred to investigation? What are the factors needed in order for a report to lead to an investigation?
Part B: Megan’s Law
Read the Zgoba, Jennings, & Salerno (2018) article (located in attachment ).
Based on their findings, what are your thoughts requiring convicted sex offenders to register?
Are there parts of the sex offender registration process you would change/improve? If so, what would those improvements be?
QUESTION 2Part A: Read the Saunders chapter located in this week’s module on the best practices on how to treat sexually victimized children then answer the following question:
Of the 19 guidelines shared in this chapter, which two of these guidelines speak to you the most? Explain why.
Part B: Wrestling Ghosts 1. Watched the Wrestling Ghosts documentary. It is available as streaming through Kanopy: (Links to an external site.)2. Share your reactions to the documentary. 3. Which themes, concepts (e.g., risk factors, types of abuse, theories), etc. that we covered in this class were portrayed in this film? Provide specific examples. 4. What types of therapy did Kim use? Which of these therapies interests you the most and why? 5. What is your main take-away from this documentary? What areas addressed can be applied to your own lifeQuestion 3PART A
Watch the short clip on sex offender villages (Links to an external site.)

What are some strengths and limitations of this sex offender village?
Do you agree with providing villages like these for sex offenders? Why/why not?
What types of issues do you think we would need to address/work on with sex offenders?
Part B: Depo-Provera Scale Depo-Provera is still currently being used to treat sex offenders. The purpose is to decrease their sex drive in the hopes of reducing recidivism in sex offenses. There have been some research on the effectiveness of Depo-Provera for reducing recidivism. Please review both studies: Maletzky & Field (2003) and Maletszy, Tolan, & McFarland (2006), located in this week’s module. 1. Based on their findings, can you make any conclusions about the effectiveness of Depo-Provera for treating sex offenders?2. What are your thoughts on Depo-Provera as sex offender treatment?
Los Angeles Mission College Child Abuse and Neglect Questions

White Teeth: the Iqbal twins Essay

“White Teeth” by Zadie Smith is a novel about two special families united by destiny. Is seems that fate has played a hand in the whole matter and condemned the two families together for life. However, the story also satirizes multiculturalism and upholds fundamentalism. Smith presents multiculturalism as a dilemma that is inevitable but almost impossible to perfect. No more has the author of the novel successfully satirizes multiculturalism than in the two twin brothers Millat and Magid Iqbal. The two men are a representation not only of the perils of multicultural communities but also mirror individuals fighting identity crises. Despite the fact that the two are twins Millat and Magid are not the friendliest of brothers and do not shy away from fighting out their differences in public. The irony of it is that despite the fact that the twins are so different it can also be said that they are mirror images of each others. Magid and Millat are polar opposites. Despite the t the two being twins, the differences play out in public from the onset of their birth. Magid is the elder of the twin by the virtue of him being the born first. This causes Millat to develop deep seated feeling of personal inadequacy and feels less of an Iqbal than his first born twin brother Magid. Millat feels that this is the reason why his father develops a special liking for Magid and as such feels like he is the lesser of the Iqbal thus: “What is the root cause” Millat’s feelings of inadequacy? Magid. He has been born second because of Magid. He was the lesser son because of Maqid” (Smith 462). It is through this sense of inadequacy that Smith brings out the issue of identify crisis. Millat feels the lesser iqbad, and as such seeks attention of his father in negative behaviors. His father doesn’t help thing and shows Magid more favoritism driving Millat further into rebellion. Smith’s satirization of multiculturalism is seen in the cultural identity crises in the two brothers. Samad, the twins’ father, wants his sons not to lose their cultural heritage and as such pushes them to learn his traditional Mangal Pande Islamic faith just as he had done. As such he sends Magid back to Bangladesh so as he can be taught while Millat remains in England. The irony of this is that the two rebel against their fathers wishes. Magid, intend becomes more English and a largely philosophical atheist and is only interested in pursuing law in England. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Millat who grows up in England rebels against the English culture and joins a rebel Muslim group, Kevin. In this way the Magid and Millat can be seen as identical: identical in that they are both rebels. Samat blames the western culture for corrupting his sons and thus laments: I should never have brought my children here so far from God” (Smith 145). Magid and Millat are thus emblematic of the perils of multiculturalism through their identity crises, as well as fundamentalism. They both rebel against the wishes of their father to join radical groups. Magid becomes an atheist while Millat becomes a radical Muslim. This is quite the opposite of what their father intended of them to be. The twins can be seen as a representation of the challenges of a global community that is increasingly becoming multicultural. Works Cited Smith, Zadie, White teeth. New York: Random House, 2000. Print