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Buddha Image in Asian Art Work Essay

Buddha image is one of the most prominent and the origin of Asian art work. This image is inclined more towards Buddhist religion which most Hindu’s believe (Krishan 62). Before Buddha image came in to existence, Buddhist never used to worship images or forms. The man behind the religion was called Buddha Vakali and he was devoted to teaching people concerning this religion. He taught them against worshiping images since he made them believe that God was formless (Coomaraswamy para. 8) Until the 1st century AD, Buddhist followers remained faithful to his teachings and never used to worship the Buddha image. However, after Buddha Vakali passed on, some of his followers were worried that he would never come back. One of the Buddha’s disciples Maudgalyayana invested magic and sent some thirty two artists up to heaven in order to capture the image of the god Buddha used to teach them about. It is therefore believed that the author of Buddha image was Shakyamuni, one of the artists sent to heaven by Maudgalyayana who can be considered as the patron of this art work. When Shakyamuni together with the other thirty one artists went to heaven, they captured the image and the likeness of Buddha in a five feet figure curved out of sandalwood. When they returned from heaven, it is recorded that the image was such perfect that it rose up to greet Shakyamuni. It is said that the first person start worshiping this image contrary to Buddha teachings was king Vadya of Vatsa, yet he was a very devoted follower (Coomaraswamy para. 8). Since the first Buddha image was curved, many artists have curved and painted a variety of images according to a person’s belief of how Buddha is supposed to look. Most of these images resemble human beings whereby their major purpose is worship and continuity of the religion (Krishan 62). Buddha images are usually made for Buddha followers and they are usually kept in their houses of worship to ensure that every person is in a position to worship without limit. The first Buddha image was curved in sandalwood though this has been changing with time (Coomaraswamy para. 8). Today, most of these images are made of precious stones though there is a wide variety of wooden images since the image is regarded with a lot of respect due to its religious significance. However, most artists have turned this in to business whereby they finance projects for making Buddha images after which they sell them in order to recover their money as well as making some profits. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People have come up with various postures of Buddha sculptures depending on the belief of the events that took place in his life on a particular. There are seven postures of the image representing the events that took place each day (Thong para. 1). All the Buddha images carry the message of Buddha’s superiority as the only image that should be worshipped on land. Most Buddhists have responded positively to the work of the first person who came up with this image since they have continued worshiping the image and it has spread out to many parts of Asia. The various Buddha images are a great investment in Asian Art work. Their popularity across the world has enabled many people see the potential that lies among Asians and their ability to communicate through art. Apart from Buddha images, Asian artwork is recognized worldwide and generates a lot of revenue to the Asians both locally and across the geographic boundaries. Work Cited Coomaraswamy, Anada. Origin of Buddha Image. Controversial History, 2009. Web. Krishan, Yuvraj. The Buddha Image: Origin and Development. New Delhi, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1996. Print. Thong, Ang. Buddha Images for the Seven Days of the Week. Buddha Images, 2011. Web.
Effect of Temperature on Immobilisation of Pectinase. The use of a catalyst is to lower the required energy level for a reaction to take place, the activation energy. This means less energy can be put into a reaction, saving money, making it an economically viable solution for a business with its primary aim being making money. Catalysts are also reusable if used in the correct state (one that can be separated from our product once the reaction has reached its end, in our case the solid Alginate beads in a liquid product, which can be simply filtered by passing the juice/enzyme mixture through a filter), so can be effective over and over, becoming more cost effective the more times they are used, making them a wise investment to increase the yield of the product, in this case, the quantity of fruit juice from a fruit pulp. Pectinase plays a vital role in the extraction of juice from fruit. Pectinase breaks down pectin, the glue like substance that sticks plant cells to each other so it can extract the juice from the fruit. Pectinase being an enzyme, a biological catalyst, naturally has a range in which it is most effective determined by its 3D globular protein structure. The 3D globular protein structure is made up of 3 different levels of structure. The primary structure of amino acids (a chain of amino acids bonded to each other by peptide links), is folded into an alpha helix or beta pleated sheet, which are then interwoven between each other, and joined by Hydrogen bonds, Disulphide bridges, and other types of bond depending on the make up of the R group. The constituents of the R group determines the type and strength of the bonds and so the denaturation point of the enzyme, the point at which these bonds are broken or disrupted, and the active site to which our substrate (Pectin) can no longer fit, so the enzyme cannot work to break it down again. So our pectinase enzyme will become ineffective. If we can overcome the weakness of these polypeptide chain interactions by protecting the enzyme so its bonds are less easily broken, and use a temperature stable enzyme, the prospects for a business can be very appealing. Firstly, if we can increase the temperature of our reaction, the collision theory states that this will give our particles more energy, so more collisions, so a faster reaction. Giving our particles more energy will cause them to move around at a faster rate, moving around at a faster rate they are more likely to collide with other reactants at the required energy for the reaction to happen. If we raise the overall temperature, we raise the overall energy these particles have, so more collisions between particles will happen. When particles collide they react, if we increase the number of particles colliding, we can increase the rate. If we can harness the use of both increased temperature and a catalyst, the rate and yield would be vastly increased, and a greater yield means more profit for a company. It also would lead to a sterile environment, so an uncontaminated product. One way we can both use a catalyst and increase temperature is by immobilising the enzymes. This suspending them in an Alginate bead, which is temperature resistant to up to 300ï‚°C . Surrounding our enzyme, a 3D globular protein held together by hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds and disulphide bridges, in Alginate will secure and support the 3D structure hence making sure the active site is unaltered when temperature is raised (temperature that would normally have enough energy to break these ionic, disulphide and hydrogen bonds). This means the active site where our substrate sits, and the enzyme will function as it would in a free enzyme before denaturation. It also means the catalyst is no longer a liquid, it is in a different state to the substrates, and so a simple filtration can separate the two for easy reuse. This saves money as no more has to be spent on catalysts. It will however lead to a decrease in surface area, as some enzyme is entrapped in the centre of these beads, which could cause a slower rate than a free enzyme, but as temperature is increased, these beads will work consistently as well, not being affected by the denaturation point of the enzyme. In fact they should continue to work faster as temperature increases above the normal denaturation point, as successful collisions between substrate and active site will continue to increase. Hypothesis Null Hypothesis – There is no significant difference between using a free and an immobilised enzyme at 70ï‚°C in the production of juice from fruit. Experimental Hypothesis – There is a significant difference between using a regular and immobilised enzyme at 70ï‚°C in the production of juice from fruit (The temperature was selected from the graph in the first half of my experiment) Variables The independent variable is whether the enzyme is free or immobilised, and the dependant variable is the volume of product produced. I controlled variables such as the temperature at which the experiment occurred (after selecting this temperature to be the most suitable based on my trial experiments), the concentration of pectinase used in each experiment, more enzyme would lead to a faster rate, the size of the beads was an important factor to ensure validity in my experiment, a factor I discuss in more detail below. I also had to use the same type of fruit, I settled on Williams pears, different varieties of the same fruit may give more or less product when exposed to the enzyme, so I had to be consistent with this. I also used the same quantity of fruit each time, accurately measured by using a mass transfer table, to ensure that the same mass of fruit was used each time, as obviously more fruit would give more product, whatever the conditions. Controlling all these variables and only changing my independent variable increased the validity of my experiment. Planning Equipment list and Justification Williams Pears. Differences in varieties of pear could react differently to Pectinase. Just as important is having fresh ripe fruit, for the same reason. I also used Granny Smith Apples in my initial tests. Pectinase enzyme. Upwards of 30ml depending number of repeats/temperatures chosen. stored appropriately (refrigerated between 2-5ï‚°C) and within date to ensure the enzyme has not previously denatured so would give us false results were we to use it in our experiment. Can test the activity your own enzyme against a recorded data value to check it is still fully functional. Several sheets of Muslin, at least 3 to allow you to continue with the experiment without waiting for the Muslin to be clean/dry Filter funnels and measuring cylinders (50ml) all used to collect and measure the yield of product Calcium chloride solution. 100ml, can be reused Knife, Peeler, Chopping board and Food processer/Blender to prepare my fruit to give us the greatest yield (absence of skin which is unaffected by Pectinase) Tea strainer to separate immobilised Pectinase from product Syringe, nibs (tips of the syringe from which the liquid is expelled, the measurement is the diameter of the nib) 0.8mm (trial) 0.4mm (final). 10ml, as we are using 10ml of enzyme/Alginate solution ( 1:4 ratio) so any larger syringe would give us less accurate data as a larger syringe would have a greater percentage error, due to being suited to measure a larger amount of volume. A smaller nib can form the same size bead more consistently as it takes less Alginate for the bead to fall under it’s own weight, so the margin for error is smaller. Electronic balance for measure of our fruit pulp, we can make the measurement of fruit more accurate by firstly measuring the vessel and fruit together, then just the vessel by itself to insure 50g of our fruit was transferred, as obviously more or less fruit would give more or less juice respectively, not a variable we wished to change Stopwatch for keeping time of exposure to enzyme consistent, we wish for the enzyme to act on each for the same amount of time on each sample. Water baths 20°C to 60°C (approx), increments of 2-3 ï‚°C Preparation of Immobilised Enzymes I mixed 8ml of Alginate and 2ml of Pectinase in a beaker, which could also be larger amounts in the same 1:4 ratio. I extracted 10ml of this into a syringe. I prepared a beaker of 100ml calcium chloride solution, by dissolving calcium chloride in distilled water, then using a magnetic stirrer to mix the solution. It was suggested I use 0.2 molar concentrations here, as a change in pH can give more or less stable beads. [3] Using a 0.8mm nib on the syringe, I slowly formed a bead on the end of the nib over the calcium chloride until it falls into the solution under its own weight so that all beads will be the same size. I continued until all 10ml of solution has been passed into calcium chloride solution and I had 10ml equivalent of immobilised enzyme. I extracted the beads I made from the beaker using a tea strainer. Separating calcium chloride and immobilised enzyme. These beads contain a reusable catalyst so can be used several times, to reuse after an experiment they must be filtered out, which saving making more, reducing time and cost. However, it should be noted that several sets of beads should be used, as it has been reported the repeated use of beads leads to a decrease in enzyme activity as noted in a separate experiment [4] . Due to the porous nature of the Alginate beads, some leakage does occur of the enzyme, and obviously fewer enzymes will give less of an effect. It is also suggested that at each session the experiment takes place, a new set of Alginate beads should be used, as storage over time also leads to reduced enzyme activity. [5] We must also be careful with the concentration of enzyme used, as too high a concentration may damage our Alginate beads causing them to be ineffective, and offer little protection to the immobilised set of enzymes. Accuracy of Immobilisation of Pectinase When producing the beads in the previously stated method, accuracy in the size/shape of these was vital to ensure validity to my whole experiment. In order to maintain accuracy throughout my experiment, I needed to ensure the sides of the Alginate beads I produced were equal. If I did not, and too many beads were disproportionally small or large, ratio of the surface area of the bead to the contents of the bead would be too great; fewer enzymes would be exposed to the substrate, causing it to be ineffective, excluding a significant part of the enzyme volume from the experiment, in a given bead. If this was not controlled, it could seriously affect my results, as an inaccurately produced group of beads could cause the enzyme to work inefficiently in a given reaction, causing my results to not give a true reflection of the actual effect of the immobilised enzyme. I therefore needed to test, to make sure they were of equal sizes, and took a random sample of the beads I produced (I reused my beads each time, so I only needed to take a sample from 1 set of beads, in order to not cause a bias between different groups of beads) to ensure the beads maintained an average size, none particularly large or small. I had someone else who was not aware of my aim to select the beads at random from the set to make sure my calculation of the bead sizes was not affected by my experiment bias, as I may, even when making a random choice, subconsciously pick beads I see the same size so my creating of the beads seems more accurate, and experiment more accurate. I estimated that a 10ml mixture (8ml of sodium Alginate, 2ml of Pectinase enzyme) using a 0.4mm nib produced approximately 80 beads. Hence I took a sample of 8, a 10% sample of the population of beads to be measured. The beads were measured using a micrometer, measuring the diameter of the beads, which I took to be the same all the way round the bead, as the beads were spherical when produced. Using the micrometer gave me the measurements 2.5mm, 2.7mm, 3.0mm, 2.8mm, 3.5mm, 4.8mm, 2.9mm and 2.8mm. An average of 2.88mm excluding 4.8mm, as this value was clearly an anomaly in my data. If I calculate the average volume of my bead to be 4/3 x pi x 1.44³ = 12.5mm³ (this assuming the beads are perfectly spherical, using the formulae 4/3 x pi x r³), then divide my volume used by the average size I should get my total number of beads, 1000/12.5=79.95. Taking a 10% sample from 80 is sufficient to have a consistent average proving my bead size has remained consistent. Trial Method I chopped 1 apple into small pieces, 5mm x 5mm x 5mm approx. I weighed 50g of apple into 1 beaker. In one beaker I placed free enzyme (2ml of Pectinase, 8ml of distilled water), in the other place 10ml of Immobilised enzymes by the preparation earlier stated. I placed into water baths of given temperatures, from 20 ï‚°C upwards letting them incubate for 20 minutes. I selected 20 minutes after preliminary experiments showed the reaction has gone fully at this point. I had the same volume of juice after 20 minutes, to an otherwise identical solution that had been incubated for 30 minutes. Therefore after 20 minutes the reaction has finished. I noted the temperature used. After I filtered the solutions using coffee filter paper, I noted the amount of juice collected in both immobilised and regular enzyme solution. (Filter enzymes at this point to reuse). I then repeated the above test, increasing temperatures by between 2-3 degrees, on each experiment, noting the product collected. I then selected a final temperature to use in the statistical test to find a significant difference. This data should allow me to calculate the effectiveness of the immobilised enzyme, and the normal denaturation point and how the immobilised enzyme has been unaffected by this due to the enzymes 3D globular structure being supported in the bead. The statistical test I selected to determine whether there is a correlation in my data was the Mann-Whitney U test; this relied on me having between 6-20 sets of data, between two different variables, in my case – the immobilised and regular action of pectinase. I first found the ideal temperature to test at to find a significant difference, then would gather at least 8 sets of data from this temperature. Improvements The biggest change was replacing apples with pears, which were puréed instead, as well as being peeled. I found pears gave a greater yield than apples in otherwise identical experimental conditions. I chose for the greater yield, as it is easier to see a difference graphically when the volumes produced are around 20ml, rather than 5ml. The equipment is only accurate to 0.5ml, 10% difference around 5ml may not be observed, whereas if this change occurs when our volumes are at 20ml, the equipment will allow us to see this chance. Peeling and blending increased the surface area of the fruit, so a bigger contact with the enzymes; greater interaction between the surfaces leads to a faster yield. The Pectinase is ineffective with the waxy outer layer of fruits, so I excluded peel from my experiment to gain better results. Using the smaller nib to produce my immobilised enzymes gave me a greater surface area to volume ratio, so more of the fruit is exposed to the enzyme, making it as similar as possible as the liquid. Although more time consuming to create the beads, as they were smaller and more delicate to make with this nib, the increased surface area should give better results as it has increased contact with the fruit. The smaller beads giving me more consistent results, as it is much easier to produce a set of smaller beads the same size than a set of large beads the same size, there is a greater chance of error with the large beads. The smaller beads also had a greater volume:SA ratio, so increased my yield and made it easier to identify a correlation/apply my results to the stats test. Muslin replaced the coffee filter paper. Muslin is a fabric, so does not soak up and clog like the filter paper did, it has a finer more effective mesh. It is also reusable, unlike the filter paper. I also lowered the upper temperature I was going to use, as it was hard to obtain safely with our equipment and unnecessary to the experiment. All these will be implemented to improve my experiment by reducing time/materials used, safety and to improve accuracy. I also took the opportunity to alter my experiment for the better, by using a mass table to calculate mass of fruit actually transferred. I would measure my initial mass (fruit vessel) then just the vessel, and subtract the values, making sure that this value I calculated was 50g, so 50g was actually being used in my experiment. Final/Revised Method I peeled then chopped several Williams Pears into small pieces, 5mm x 5mm x 5mm approx, quickly, to ensure freshness and no browning of the fruit I weighed 50g of Pear into a beaker using the mass table method as previously stated, and then pureed this. In one beaker I placed regular enzyme (2ml of Pectinase, 8ml of distilled water), in the other place 10ml of Immobilised enzymes by the preparation earlier stated. I placed into water baths of given temperatures, from 20 degrees upwards letting them incubate for 20 minutes. Note the temperature used. Filter the solutions using Muslin, note the amount of juice collected in both immobilised and regular enzyme solution. (Filter immobilised enzyme at this point, and remember to subtract 10ml from our regular enzymes product, as the liquid enzyme also passes through the Muslin.) I repeat for at least 3 times for each temperature to assess reliability, and took an average Repeat steps 1-6, increasing temperatures by between 2-3 degrees, on each experiment, noting the amount product collected I continued up to 70 degrees. At this temperature I repeated 10 times for both immobilised and free enzymes. I repeated 10 times as between 6-20 sets of data are required to apply to the Mann Whitney U test, at p=0.05. Using 10 sets of data is enough to see statistically if there is a significant difference and so if I can disprove my null hypothesis. Risk Assessment Wear gloves and goggles if needed when handling calcium chloride Having a maximum risk level of 8/25, I and my teachers decided my experiment was safe to do. Amount of Juice produced (ml) when immobilised and free Pectinase are subject to rising temperatures Temperature of water bath in which reaction occurred Volume of Product when using Immobilised Enzyme Volume of Product when using Free Enzyme Greatest difference occurs at 70°c When this data is placed in the form of a line graph it is clear to see that the regular enzyme having gives a greater yield before it’s denaturation point, and the clear difference in product at 70°C, the temperature at which I will be testing the significance of this difference. Series 1 – Immobilised Pectinase Series 2 – Regular Pectinase With the clearest difference visually being at 70°c, I decided I would take this value to be the one I tested to find if there was a statistical difference. The experiment was repeated, as before, but only at 70°c. I took 10 repeats so I had sufficient data to test in the Mann-Whitney U statistical test at p=0.05. 5% probability level sufficient enough for me to be sure my results were not down to chance. Final Results Volume of Juice (ml) produced from 50g of Williams Pears at 70°C when treated with pectinase in immobilised and free forms. Effect of Temperature on Immobilisation of Pectinase
NOL Card Implementation The prevailing technologies and developments have transformed the globe and demanded the establishment of smart payment styles. The United Arabs Emirates is the only country where smart transformation has been implemented. In a bid to fulfil this, McNabb (2012) argues that the Dubai government has initiated changes in the payment method of the transport industry from the use of cash money to NOL cards through the Roads and Transport Authority (RTA). In regard to the theories of E and O, the NOL card implementation phase was as discussed below. Goals The goals of introducing the NOL cards were based on theory O, since they aimed at enlarging the operation and service of the RTA. They were to improve the capabilities of the organisation and transport services. These goals involved making the transport in Dubai easier to use, enhancing the initiative of establishing a smart city, increasing the usage of public transport, and introducing services with some added value to the commuters (Libo-on 2014). For instance, a person with the NOL card does not worry about the cash and currency present in the pocket, which makes it easier and convenient for the commuters, especially those picking taxis from the airports. This transformation was also in line with the vision of Dubai government targeting to change the city in a smart way. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Leadership The theories of E and O were applied in the leadership of the initiative to change the transport payment model in Dubai. Therefore, the directions and orders of the transformation came from the government through the relevant agency. It included the taxi and public transport operators within the lower categories of leadership and engaged them through participation in the transformation. This inclusion of all people indiscriminately showed a collective involvement in the change. The implementation management of the new NOL cards is under the Roads and Transport Authority, which is the organisation giving an order on the activities to be performed. It provides the meters/devices for installation in the taxis, buses, and transport terminals (‘Roads and Transport Authority’ 2010). The meters are devices where the NOL cards are swiped to make payments. In the public transport services, the employees and the taxi drivers take part in the implementation by assisting the commuters on using the new technology. Focus The approach of theory E emphasises on the structures and system as the changes, and it is being administered and used widely by the RTA of Dubai in implementation of the NOL card. This new smart technology facilitated the installation of meters in buses, public transport terminals, and taxis. There was also a change within the system, since the transformation of the payment method does not force the commuters to attend the bus station and get tickets after paying the fare. Currently, a person pays in the bus or at the terminal when he or she boards the vehicle. The theory O was also used in the implementation of the smart payment of fare in Dubai. Focus was directed on the culture of the transport sector and the people using the public transport. This change focused on transforming the commuters’ culture of paying fares by cash to the use of NOL cards (Ahmed 2009). We will write a custom Critical Writing on The NOL Card Implementation Phase specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Process The approach of theory E to get a plan for the programme and establish it to enhance the change was used while implementing the transformation in Dubai’s transportation payment method. It started when the government of UAE planned to transform its cities before 2020, and the Road Transport Authority of Dubai provided the plans to make payments using the new smart technology. After introducing the plan, this organisation started to establish it through installing wireless meters where the NOL cards were swiped in buses, terminals and taxis. In this light, the transport agency in conjunction with the RTA chose Network International to be the payment provider where the two organisations were networked. The systems of RTA had to be connected with banks all over the world so as travellers from any part of the world could use their NOL cards to make payments. At the beginning of 2014, forty taxi operators were trained to use the new payment system, since 1000 airport taxis were expected to install the system by the summer of 2015 (Libo-on 2014). Reward System This development came with various ways of rewarding the new technology and its implementers. The two theories were considered in appreciating this transformation, since commitments and financial offers were used as motivational tools in the programme. The Dubai government declared its commitment in this programme and offered both administrative and financial support to its implementation (McNabb 2012). In this regard, the taxi drivers could be given tips by the other users leading to appreciations of this customised system. Not sure if you can write a paper on The NOL Card Implementation Phase by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Consultants The Dubai government had to get consultants to boost effective change of transport payments from the use of cash to NOL cards. Among the consultants were such experts as Network International, which empowered the stakeholders involved in this transformation (‘Roads and Transport Authority’ 2010). This showed that the theories of E and O were significant in this case. Challenges The following subtitles assessed some problems that were encountered in the implementation of this change within the transport payment processes. Prior implementation One great challenge that faced the transformation was the acquisition of resources needed for the new systems. High-quality wireless meters were needed for installation in the buses and terminals. The equipments were expensive and required a lot of finances to install. During implementation Networking data was another major problem when this change was being implemented, since it took a lot of time before the system could be put in use. The data of RTA was to be related to Network International, which was the payment provider of this system. The transformation faced another challenge when RTA was connecting with banks worldwide. It was noted that some banks were slow, and their numbers caused congestions in the entire process (McNabb 2012). After Implementation There were some challenges faced after the transformation when the new payment method was in use. After implementation, some vending machines started to experience technical problems where the NOL cards were used and made them non-operational. In this regard, commuters were sometimes left stranded at the bus terminals because they could not recharge their NOL cards. The final challenge was overcharging the commuters. This happened due to the malfunctioning of reading machines used in buses. Sometimes, the NOL cards took a long time to complete the check-out after a person alighted, which made the individual pay an extra fare (Libo-on 2014). References Ahmed, A 2009, Traffic and Transport. Web. Libo-on, L 2014, Pay your taxi fare by Nol, debit or credit card. Web. McNabb, A 2012, Nol Cards and the Future of Money. Web. ‘Roads and Transport Authority’ 2010, Almasar Roads and Transport Authority, vol. 3, p. 4-14.
Purdue Global Chapter 5 Police Training and Education Academies Assignment.

First, read Chapter 5, “Police Training and Education”. Take notes of key elements, qualities, and dispositions you feel lead to high quality police officers.
Read the journal article, Factors Affecting the Decision of Police Recruits to “Drop Out” of Police Work. Be sure to add to or update your list of key elements and qualities.
You will then need to conduct an online search for three (3) different police academy entrance qualifications. The academies do not have to all be local, but at least two must be from your city and state. Remember you are not documenting the requirements of a police dept but the requirements to get into the police academy.
In a formal paper, create a chart of the your three police academy entrance qualifications. Some suggestions are to include minimum/maximum age to get in, how many hours of instruction, testing you might have to complete to gain entry to the academy,etc. You should have more information that what was suggested here.
Then, compare and contrast the differences of each academy if any, in comparison to the list of key elements you wrote down from chapter 5. In your response, discuss how these qualifications can lead to quality police officers citing specific core police practices. Be thorough in your response. (DO NOT just create a chart. This should be in a formal essay paper format with a chart included)
Be sure to cite your sources using APA. You may want to refer to the Purdue Online Writing Lab, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/NOTE: CITY:CHICAGO STATE: Illinois
Purdue Global Chapter 5 Police Training and Education Academies Assignment

How the role of race and class stratification in discrimination lead to different treatment of individuals in the criminal justice system, USA.

How the role of race and class stratification in discrimination lead to different treatment of individuals in the criminal justice system, USA.. Paper details Please Follow Guidelines I uploaded. Also please use the 4 sources from my annotated bib I uploaded. Please cite using ASA format please. INTRODUCTION (1 paragraph)Briefly describe your research topic and research question. (Avoid generalizations.) Underline your thesis statement, which should include your topic and the mechanisms of stratification that you will be discussing. THEORY (1-2 paragraphs)Describe both opportunity hoarding and exploitation. Include relevant citations where applicable. METHOD (1 paragraph)Why did you choose this research topic? Also, describe your secondary data collection process. FINDINGS PART 1 (3-6 paragraphs)Describe the mechanisms of stratification that you have found and how they affect people by both your primary and secondary dimensions. You should identify at least two mechanisms of stratification within your system. Describe how these processes work as people interact with this system. Identify whether these mechanisms are examples of opportunity hoarding or exploitation. FINDINGS PART 2 (2-4 paragraphs)Describe the outcomes in inequality that result from the mechanisms you have identified. You should present evidence that reflects how these systems create or reinforce inequality. Connect your findings to course concepts. CONCLUSION (1 paragraph)Summarize the findings and describe the implications of your findings on inequality and mobility. REFERENCES Your references should begin on a separate page and be in alphabetical order, following ASA format. While you will have already received a grade on your annotated bibliography, you will still be graded on having the proper references in your final paper.How the role of race and class stratification in discrimination lead to different treatment of individuals in the criminal justice system, USA.

Assignment 8 and Assignment 10 writing assignments

essay helper free Assignment 8 and Assignment 10 writing assignments.

I would like to see if you would kindly help with two more assignments I have due before this quarter end. United Nations. (n.d-b). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved November 19, 2013, from http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/index.html Twiss, S. B. (2011). Global ethics and human rights: A reflection. Journal of Religious Ethics, 39(2), 204–222. Note: Retrieved from Walden Library databases.You might recall from Week 3 the importance of ethical reflection when determining the impact of your actions as a public administrator. Engaging in a similar type of reflection when reviewing literature in the field also can help you determine the possible impact of the latest theories and research on the field of public administration. How might the human rights readings from this week affect your role as a public administrator? Did the readings change your perception of human rights?For this Assignment, you reflect on your perception of human rights and its role in public administration. You also examine the potential implications that human rights literature might have for public administrators.The Assignment (3–4 pages in APA format): Your Assignment should include the following:A detailed and objective description of the human rights issues presented in this week’s readingsAn explanation of the nature of the issue(s) and its significance to you as a public administratorAn explanation of what the readings meant to you in the context of your feelings, values, knowledge, and experienceAn explanation of the implications these readings might have for public administratorsA summary of one of the following:What you learned about yourself as a public administrator based on your reaction to the readingsWhat you learned about global governance from examining these readingsWhy this knowledge is important to you as a developing public administratorHow you might apply this knowledge in your future practiceNote: Provide specific examples and cite your references.Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. Provide a reference list with all resources included in the paper.Your Assignment must demonstrate both breadth and depth of knowledge and critical thinking appropriate to graduate-level scholarship. It must follow APA Publication Manual guidelines and be free of typographical, spelling, and grammatical errors. The Assignment should be 3–5 pages in length (double-spaced), not including the title page, abstract, and references.Optional Resources
Assignment 8 and Assignment 10 writing assignments

quastions answer

quastions answer. Need help with my Business question – I’m studying for my class.

I have the answer for the questions but I need to make it short and Arranges that
make it short as high shool that is mean easy answer but it most be courect

U.S.A estate planning
1. Mindy is married to Mork, but she wants to get a divorce. Mindy asks you to explain how community and separate property works. Give Mindy your best explanation.
2. Explain the difference between dying testate, intestate, and partially intestate.
3. What is the probate process?
4. Give an example of a non-probate asset and a probate asset. Explain your answer.
5. Explain the difference between an irrevocable trust and a revocable trust.
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SDSU Feeding Modes Among 4 Major Subphytes of Arthropoda Comparative Essay

SDSU Feeding Modes Among 4 Major Subphytes of Arthropoda Comparative Essay.

I’m working on a biology multi-part question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

(a) Compare and contrast FEEDING modes among the 4 major subphyla of the Arthropoda with particular emphasis on the Crustacea and the Hexapoda. Include how the body design influences their feeding modes and which limbs play major roles in feeding. Specific examples are key. (b) We had an extensive discussion on success versus dominance based on the article titled “Entomomology for the copepodologist” by Schminke (2007). In the diagram below (an excerpt of Fig. 6 from the paper), indicate (label them with the following numbers) which Order of insects is (UN) unsuccessful; (SN) Successful but not dominant and (SD) Successful and dominant. Take a screenshot or provide a list of Orders with their labels to their right.(c) Discuss the paper author’s main arguments for the absolute success of COPEPODA as it compares to the HEXAPODA and provide specific examples. (d) Draw a diagram (label all axes and components) of Arthropoda growth and apparent growth, as well as non-Arthropoda growth and discuss the differences between these concepts.
SDSU Feeding Modes Among 4 Major Subphytes of Arthropoda Comparative Essay