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Bronfenbrenner’s Five Environmental Systems Matrix

Bronfenbrenner’s Five Environmental Systems Matrix. Paper details   Successful teachers evaluate the internal and external environmental factors that can influence the learning outcomes of students. Such influences range from family and cultural backgrounds to political, economic, and social elements. Urie Bronfenbrenner supported involving families in the development and education of early learners. Families and educators play important roles in influencing a child’s environment, and therefore, his or her development. The nature verses nurture argument separates what an infant is born with and how their environment affects development. Bronfenbrenner strived to bridge this argument as inseparable and complementary, rather than distinct. For this assignment, complete the “Bronfenbrenner’s Five Environmental Systems” template. Review the completed template and respond to each of the five questions. Include 2-3 scholarly resources to support your findings. APA format is not required, but solid academic writing is expected. This assignment uses a rubric. Review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.Bronfenbrenner’s Five Environmental Systems Matrix
An In-depth Analysis on the Domestication of Canines. Introduction: “Domestication is an evolutionary process resulting from changes in the selection pressures on a species or population created by an artificial environment, with release from the competition for survival characteristic of natural habitat” (Fox, 1978, p. 4). The dog, Canius lupus familiaris is considered to be the earliest domesticated animal that we are aware of (Stahl 2016). It is estimated that the human-dog relationship developed approximately 18,000 years ago or earlier (Stahl 2016). They are a subspecies of the grey wolf, known through the analyis of mitochondrial genomes from modern dogs and wolves, in addition to 18 fossil canids dating from approximately 1000 to 36,000 years ago from the Old and New Worlds. The data suggest that an ancient, now extinct, central European population of wolves was directly ancestral to domestic dogs (Stahl 2016). Research on canids allows for a better understanding on the process of domestication and exposes how two species evolved together and potentially how humans were domesticated (Stahl 2016). However, one’s personal attachment to dogs can cause conflicting observations and interpretations. Therefore, the need of different perspectives is crucial in examining the evolutionary process of canids. Process of domestication There are several contradicting theories regarding the origins of the domesticated dog. Including, self-domestication, also known as the Belyaev story: where young wolves were allowed to enter the camps of early humans. Then the ones that were the tamest would breed with one another, and over several generations, the domestic dog would emerge (Fox, 1978, p. 52). As well as the version in which wolves self-domesticated – they noticed a lot of scraps around the camps, and if they were brave enough to remain they got to eat their leftovers, and those individuals would mate, and over generations, the domestic dog would emerge (Fox, 1978, p.57). However, there is no solid evidence of either of these theories of domestication. There is evidence however, for a different theory one where early dogs were treated with compassion and cared for as a pet – not just materialistically – but from the very beginning during the Late Pleistocene (Janssens et al., 2018). Bonn-Oberkassel Dog: The Bonn-Oberkassel dog buried at approximately 27-28 weeks in Oberkassel, Germany, with two adult humans as well as grave goods (Janssens et al., 2018).In the recent examination of the Bonn-Oberkassel dog fossil remains from the Late Paleolithic, it was originally thought the canid mandible was assigned as a wolf however it is known as a domesticated dog. A dental line of enamel hypoplasia appeared on the 19-week development stage, then two additional lines was noted at weeks 21 and 23 (Janssens et al., 2018). Canine distemper has a three-week disease course in addition to a high mortality rate, therefore, the dog must have been extremely ill during weeks 19-23 of its life. Henceforth, survival without human assistance would have been nearly impossible. Evidence: Dating There were four radiocarbon dates performed on the canine bones, situating them at ca. 12900/12850 and ca. 11900/11850 cal BC, as well as their weighted mean is ca. 12900 and 12050 cal BC (Janssens et al., 2018). In addition to the two radiocarbon dates that was performed on the female human remains dating her to ca. 12550/12150 and 118000 cal BC, her weighed mean is between 12160 and 11830 cal BC (Janssens et al., 2018). There were no statistical differences between their weighted age mean thus, the burial of the female and dog can be assumed to be a single event. Evidence: Genetics Bonn-Oberkassel dog’s mitochondrial aDNA confirms that it is a domesticated dog and is assigned to the C clade of the dog genomic classification (Janssens et al., 2018). Evidence: Post-cranial skeletal fragments 23 individually registered bone specimens were classified as postcranial dog remains based on the morphology and morphometry (Janssens et al., 2018). Open epiphyseal growth plates were identified on several bones, such as, the proximal humerus, all lumbar vertebrae (Fig. 1) and caudal axis. As well as closed growth plates on the metacarpal one, the proximal ulna and the caudal glenoid (Janssens et al., 2018). The juvenile age is further evident by a full dentition without attrition and a 50% ratio width of the canine dental pulpa on CT-scan images. The amount of permanent adult teeth in this canine is equivalent to the amount that would in the age of a 25-week-old dog and the growth plate infers that the dog died at about 27 weeks. Henceforth the dog was evidently between 25 and 27 weeks old when it died. Figure 1 The Lumbar vertebra with an open cranial (right) and caudal (left) epiphysis and open caudal epiphysis, indicates that the subject was under the age seven months (Janssens et al., 2018). Evidence: Dental Pathology “Dental pathology consists of attrition, abrasion, enamel changes, and periodontal disease” (Janssens et al., 2018). Referring to figure 2, it is evident that there is bone loss at the alveolar rim visible at C on both roots of P4 and M1, noticeable between the rostral and caudal root of M1, with furcation (Janssens et al., 2018). The space between both roots of P4 also shows bone loss. In addition to the interdental area and rostral and caudal from M1 is indented due to bone loss as well (Janssens et al., 2018). The alveolar rims have a rounded, polished aspect which is a typical feature of periodontal disease (Janssens et al., 2018). Others reveal a sharp fragmented aspect which is typical for effects of the taphonomic process (how an organism decays) Evidently both processes are attributes to the bone loss at the alveolar rim (Janssens et al., 2018). The area between M1 roots suggests periodontal disease as well as overlying taphonomic processes (Janssens et al., 2018). “Severe periodontal disease can be appreciated by 25e50% loss of the bone pocket and visible dental roots. Periodontal disease in such a young animal is totally unexpected” (Janssens et al., 2018). Figure 2 “Horizontal ramus of the right dog mandible in labial view. The black arrows point out alveolar rim bone loss in C, P4 and M1, the white arrow points at the abrasion on the caudal aspect of the canine tooth (for details see text). Teeth present are from rostral to caudal: Canine (C), Premolar (P4), Molars (M1, M2)” (Janssens et al., 2018). Table 1 A clear palpable horizontal enamel line is present in C, P3 and P4 and M1 (Figure 3). On C it is the broadest line, 2 millimeters wide and fully encompassing as well as two not as deep, parallel enamel hypoplasia line that are seen below the dorsal line (Janssens et al., 2018). On P4 the line appears vaguely, seen as dots. “On M1, it is seen as a line bending slightly ventral rostrally and covering most of the crown” (Janssens et al., 2018). These enamel lines hypoplasia lines can be related to age of the canine in addition to the underlying pathogenic etiology. Therefore, an infection most likely occurred at 19 weeks. Figure 3 “Lateral (Labial) view on right mandible. Right premaxilla (I3, I2), mandible (M2, M1, P4, C) and mandibular incisors I3 and I1 labial view. Left maxillary P3, P1 and mandibular P2 (in box) shown in lingual aspect. Below: Medial (Lingual) view on right mandible. Right premaxilla (I2, I3), mandible (C, P4, M1, M2) and mandibular incisors I1 and I2, shown in lingual aspect. Left maxillary P1, P3 and mandibular P2 (in box) shown in labial aspect.” (Janssens et al., 2018). Discussion: Henceforth, the general consensus is that the Bonn-Oberkassel dog was buried with two humans. Several factors support this claim: the small archaeological site, in which they were found covered with a large basalt block and sprayed with red hematite powder, which was not found anywhere else in the site; the 14C dates statistically overlap; no other human dog burial in the area (Janssens et al., 2018). Finally, it is highly improbable that these remains where buried separately either deliberately or by accident due to the ages (Janssens et al., 2018). The Bonn-Oberkassel dog was buried with an approximately 40-year-old man and 25-year-old parous women, both within the normal stature variance of the Late Paleolithic hunter-gatherers. The man had two lesions, and evidence of moderate-to-advance stages of periodontal disease with considerable maxillar tooth loss, dental alveolar lesion and a tooth abrasion. The female also made moderate periodontal disease, a dental alveolar lesions and dental calculus (Janssens et al., 2018). The oral conditions of these two individuals was common among Late Paleolithic humans. There is no evidence that the dog was killed in sympathy, to be buried with the bodies or simply by the previously stated illness. However, the killing of dogs to be buried with humans is not unusual and may represent a ritual or religious behavior, maybe in regard to the afterlife (Janssens et al., 2018). The Bonn-Oberkassel dog provides one of the oldest undisputed evidence of domestic dogs (Janssens et al., 2018). Motivations to domesticate a dog: The dating of the dog falls at the beginning of a long period of rapid environmental change (Janssens et al., 2018). During the Late Pleistence opened a mammoth steppe biotope which gave way to more forested conditions of the mid-Holocene (Janssens et al., 2018). The existence of this environmental change is validated by stable isotope studies of both humans. The new closed-in environment may have influenced the use of dogs for hunting, encouraging late glacial hunter-gatherers to benefit from the canids superior hunting abilities (Janssens et al., 2018). As well as their ability to guard during the Magdalenian against large predators such as, bears (Janssens et al., 2018). Conclusion: The Bonn-Oberkassel dog remains were a part of the late Palaeolithic double human burial, sated to approximately 14200 years ago. The dog was aged at least 28 weeks old. It is hypothesized that this dog had become extremely ill due to immune deficiency during a six weeklong period prior to its death. Evident through the observed dental pathology that shows signatures of enamel hypoplasia, atypical abrasion and severe periodontal disease (Janssens et al., 2018). This dog would not have survived without the constant care of keeping it warm and clean, and giving it water and possibly food over several weeks, therefore there was no materialist value to surrounding humans. Thus, it is hypothesized that the care for such animals was due to compassion or empathy. It is suggested that the Bon-Oberkassel dog provides the earliest known evidence for a purely emotion driven human-dog relationship (Janssens et al., 2018). References cited Fox, M.W. 1978. The Dog Its Domestication and Behavior. New York, NY: Garland STPM Press, Inc. Janssens, L., Giemsch L., Schmitz, R., Street M., Van Dongen, S., Crombe, P. 2018. A new look at an old dog: Bonn-Oberkassel reconsidered. Journal of Archaeological Science 92: 126-138 Stahl, P. W. 2016. Old dogs and new tricks: Recent developments in our understanding of the human–dog relationship. Reviews in Anthropology 45: 51-68. An In-depth Analysis on the Domestication of Canines
University of California Los Angeles Importance of Online Credibility Discussion.

The purpose of your final paper is for you to gain in-depth understanding of the literature on a topic that interests you. In order to get you to start thinking about your paper and to sift through the literature on your topic, you will create an outline of your final paper. Your outline should include full sentences that provide the main idea for each section of your paper. Please see the specifics below. Do not forget to attach an APA style title page and reference list. For grading details, please see the grading rubric.Please write the topic around “Importance of Online Credibility”. Please make some derivatives on this topic as the subject of the article.The outline should definitely follow the instruction file. Please use at least 8 academic resources and peer review articles in the outline.Please use APA style.The outline instruction, sample, and rubric are attached in the file. I also provide one academic research about web accessibelow.
University of California Los Angeles Importance of Online Credibility Discussion

Christian Servant Leadership as a Way of Life. I don’t understand this Writing question and need help to study.

Submit final paper. Paper must include research articles and ethical perspectives from The Tracks We Leave
The paper is the capstone of this class. Your topic should be centered on the transformation of/to healthcare servant leadership. The supplemental book for this class, The Tracks We Leave, should be used as a reference for your paper.
-The paper is a key element of this class and should not be taken lightly.
-Topic of paper Christian Servant Leadership as a Way of Life
– 1,500 words
-APA-compliant formatting, including title and reference pages
-Minimum of five scholarly references
Christian Servant Leadership as a Way of Life

Milgram’s Obedience experiment summary review

Milgram’s Obedience experiment summary review. Paper details   part one What do you think is the difference between emotional harm and psychological harm? Refer to Milgram’s published study while making conclusions against or in favour. (1000 Words). please note that my conclusion shout negate the experiment I will be uploading part two in another order. however, both needs to be done by the same writer and submitted at the same timeMilgram’s Obedience experiment summary review

WU Wk 5 Governor Advice Managing the Costs of End of Life Care Policy Memorandum

essay help online WU Wk 5 Governor Advice Managing the Costs of End of Life Care Policy Memorandum.

Please respond to following vignette:You are a senior policy advisor to the Governor. The Governor is preparing the annual State of the State address which is used to outline the legislative agenda for the year. You have been assigned to recommend one health care item to be added to the legislative agenda. Your choices are the role of genetic testing in setting health insurance rates, managing the costs of end of life care, allowing for medicinal marijuana, or establishing incentives to increase the number of primary care physicians.In a memo format addressed to the Governor, make your recommendation. Use two or three sources of your choosing. In your memo, be sure to describe the issue, explain why it needs to be addressed, discuss how it will benefit the state, and support your recommendation. Length: 400 – 500 words
WU Wk 5 Governor Advice Managing the Costs of End of Life Care Policy Memorandum

An essay to talk about Everyday Use, please from a college student angle

An essay to talk about Everyday Use, please from a college student angle. I’m studying for my Job class and need an explanation.

650 words.
The process of characterization is that which every author uses to make, build, or create a character. In most cases this process is carried out in three ways: 1) the author has the character say things that tell us what kind of person he or she is, 2) the author has the character do things that reveal what sort of person we are reading about (or hearing, or seeing), and 3) the author also often has other people reveal things about the character (the closer to the person another character is the better—more reliable—is the information).
First, use the following title: (but put nothing in bold–I use bold here only for emphasis)
The Characterization of Dee in Alice Walker’s “Everyday Use”
Your thesis—the final sentence in your first paragraph—must be something like the following:
In “Everyday Use,” Dee is characterized by what she does, what she says, and what others say about her.
In Alice Walker’s “Everyday Use” Dee is characterized by what she does, what she says, and what others say about her.
Your next three topic sentences—the first sentence in each of the next three paragraphs must be—(1) Dee is characterized by what she does. (2) Dee is further characterized by what she says. (3) Dee is also characterized by what others say about her. These must be the opening sentences of paragraphs two through four.
Your final paragraph—a conclusion—must begin with (one of the following) In conclusion, Finally, or In summary, or even another equally conspicuous and emphatic transition to a concluding statement/paragraph.
Clearly, what you have to do is fill in your paragraphs with the appropriate materials. In paragraph one you should introduce your topic in a general way, concluding with an explicit thesis. Your body, the three interior paragraphs, must provide adequate “proof” through particular instances—explicitly quoted from the text—that substantiate the assertion of the topic sentence. You must include explicit things the person says and does, as well as important things others say about the person in order to satisfy these requirements. Your conclusion must conclude. In other words, you must give no further support—the province of the interior paragraphs—the body of the essay. You must pull things together, remind the reader what you have attempted to do, and be certain to revisit the key words in your thesis—and title as well—(here at least—your character’s name and the word characterization).
If this essay seems fundamental, of course it is. The assignment is to remind you of the old standard five-paragraph essay format: tell them what you are going to tell them—tell them—then tell them what you told them. The instructor will then grade the essay and return it to you. Then you are to examine all marks and comments, communicate with the instructor if necessary, and rewrite the essay, submitting it for the second time. Both efforts will receive a grade: the second is actually somewhat more important than the first.
If you understand that this essay is on characterization . . . not on Dee, then you are on your way to a good paper with adequate focus.
An essay to talk about Everyday Use, please from a college student angle

MGT 322 SEU Wk 7 Logistics Management in Logistics Performance Priorities Discussion

MGT 322 SEU Wk 7 Logistics Management in Logistics Performance Priorities Discussion.

I’m working on a management multi-part question and need support to help me study.

The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.Late submission will NOT be accepted.Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism). Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted
MGT 322 SEU Wk 7 Logistics Management in Logistics Performance Priorities Discussion

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