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Boston College Illegal Transportation Case Questions Discussion

Boston College Illegal Transportation Case Questions Discussion.

The defendants conspired to transport 191 Ecuadorian nationals into the United States illegally aboard a 54-foot fishing vessel. A U.S. Navy helicopter sighted the overcrowded vessel off the Guatemalan coast and saw that it had no lights and flew no flag. A Coast Guard detachment found the passengers with little food or water, and the defendants had left the vessel. The defendants were indicted in the United States for conspiracy to induce aliens to illegally enter the United States, and attempting to bring unauthorized aliens to the United States. (8 U.S.C. § 1324). The statute does not mention jurisdiction. The defendants argued that the statute did not apply extraterritorially. Does it? Why or why not? Do you think the “Bowman Exception” applies in this case as described in U.S. v. Campbell, earlier in the chapter? Why or why not? The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, were planned overseas. Where are immigration offenses planned? How is that relevant to your legal analysis? Explain. The U.S. v. Delgado-Garcia, 374 F.3d 1337 (D.C.Cir. 2004).
Boston College Illegal Transportation Case Questions Discussion

Challenges of Culture in Multinational Companies. As business becomes more global and the workforce ever diverse , the issue of “culture” becomes increasingly important for leaders and managers and their organisations.(Fons Trompenaars and peter woolliams@book pg 3).In the present context of global business multinational companies are increasingly grappling with many challenges that arise mainly due to phenomenon of cultural complexity specially in situations where merger and acquisition, franchising ,takeovers and various other business reformation takes place. This phenomena specially call for establishment of sound system of human resource management which along with organisation culture is considered to be important requirement for modern management in such companies. The proposed study makes an attempt to investigate how the organisation culture of a multinational company gets transferred to a country other than its own with different national identity by the form of local human resource management. 2.1 Culture and nation: There are numerous definitions of culture that have been produced over the years. In search for an appropriate definition ,it would appear that there are many facets, with emphasis shifting according to the individual author.(Goffee and jones,1998).Moreover culture is impalpable, making definitions hard to relate .(Schein,1985;Goffee and jones,1998).However, reviewing a number of definitions does lead to the identification of common thread in thinking. Formal writing focused on the organisation culture concept began with Pettigrew(1979),He was the one who initiated the concept of culture which is primarily appertaine to anthrpology and bought it to the related concept such as “symbolism”, rituals, and myth can be put into use in the context of organisational analysis. It has been demonstrated by Dandridge(1980) how the study of myths as well as symbols help in exhibiting the “profound structure” that an organisation has. More researchers conducted recently including Denison and mishra(1995),schein(1985),sieh and martin(1988,1990) and Wallach(1983) have given numerous definitions to the concept of culture. such a host of research difinitions can be assigned to varied research framework which different authors have adopted. According to Hofstede culture is viewed as software of the mind-“collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group of people from another.”(Hofstede book pg 5).Schein (1985) defines culture as “the deeper level of basic assumptions and beliefs that are shared by members of an organisation ,that operates unconsciously, and that define a basic taken for granted fashion in an organisation’s view of itself and its environment”. [chris Brewster,pg14]. According to Tayeb (2003,p.10) culture involves “historically evolved values, attitudes and meanings that are learned and shared by the members of a community and which influence their material and non-material way of life. Trompenaars and hampden-turner (1997) also gave prominence to shared meanings within a society, arguing that culture comprised not only agreed ways of living but also the ways in which a cultural group attributes meaning to their world that is how they make sense of it.[ray French page 16].According to dennis r.Briscoe and randall s.schuler, culture is the characteristic way of behaving and believing that a group of people in a country or region(or firm) have evolved over time and share.[ dennis r.Briscoe and randall s.schuler,pg116] A more long standing definition by hall(1959) suggests that “culture is the pattern of taken for granted assumptions about how a given collection of people should think ,act, and feel as they go about their daily affairs”(Hall,1959).While there are many other definitions of culture ,most commonly ,it is colloquially described as “the ways things are done around here”(Schein,1985;deal and kennedy:1988;Goffee and jones:1988).Although different in content,the parallel between these definitions is that culture is a collective way of perceiving things and behaving due to the sharing of an social environment. (Malcolm higgs and sally morton).Since 1990’s there has been an increasing recognition of the difference that people can make to an organisation’s effectiveness and performance.(Ullrich,1997;IPD 2000). Organisational culture has become a important topic ,as it is seen to be underpinning, intangible infrastructure which influences how people behave at work.(Schien,1985;Goffee and jones,1998).There may be more and more companies globalise ,they may be configuring structures and systems for greater integration.(Collins and porras1997;Trompenaars and woollians,1999).Achieving commitment to a global strategy through an effective organisational culture is attractive, particularly for those operating in a highly competitive marketplace.(Goffee and jones,1998).The complexities of culture make it difficult for managers to understand and manage.(Schein,1985:Goffee and jones,1998).This is further compounded by the often confusing cross-cultural interactions required of those working in a multi-cultural setting, and invariably leads to misunderstandings.(Hofstede,1991;Garrison,1998).But if the culture is an powerful as we are supposed to believe ,then the benefits may be enormous.(Garrison,1998;Hall,1990;Sparrow,1994).Therefore sometimes it is vital that businesses understand what influences organisational culture to help determine how best it should be configured and nurtured to support the business.( Schein,1985;Hall,1990;Sparrow,1994). Hofstede (1991) had used four terms to describe the way cultural differences manifest themselves they are symbols, rituals, heroes and values. He illustrates this is the form of onion with symbols representing the most superficial layer and ‘values’ being the deepest manifestations of culture. [Hilary harris.p16-17] http://home.mnet-online.de/wendland/publications/img/oniondiagram.png Hofstede 1991 Trompenaars (1995) model of culture is almost identical to schein’s model of 1985.Both model refer to culture as being multi-layered using the terms like artefacts and products for the more visible outer layer, norms and values and basic assumptions at the centre. Hofstede(1991) identified three levels of uniqueness in human mental programming such as human nature, culture and personality. Hofstede asserts that culture is something that is learned ,not inherited ‘and that it ‘derives from one’s social environment ,not from one’s genes’ unlike human nature which is universal and inherited ,and personality which is specific to individuals and is a mix of both inherited and learned. Schien(1985) also takes the same view that culture is learned through a group experience. Culture is multi-dimensional and therefore manifests itself in many ways. Schneider and barsoux(1997) refer to “industry ;profession; national ;religion; functional and company as the ‘interacting cultural spheres of influences’. For the purpose of this literature, the main emphasis is on company culture, also referred as corporate or organisational culture. However, as an international company is being considered the impact of national culture cannot be ignored, particularly in the dynamic and global market -place of today’s business environment.(Hofstede,1991;Barnham and oates,1991;joynt,1999). The various definition of culture are also influenced by an author’s particular field of study within the social sciences(Hall,1976).As culture is about perceptions and behaviours in groups, the study of culture is mainly had its roots in sociology, psychology and anthropology. The influence of economics, politics and religion are also considered to be key influencing factors that Garrison(1998) describes as the” culture bedrock’. The commonality between differing perspectives on culture is that there are value systems involved within groups in all of these types of social sciences-members of such groups each live by a set of common values and beliefs and system of meaning. (Malcolm higgs and sally morton).The culture of a country has been recognised for long as a major characteristic appertained to environment underlying behavioural differences in a systematic was norm as well as beliefs related to culture serve as powerful forces determining the perceptions ,behaviours and depositions of people.(Markus and kitayama,1991).culture gets reflection in common tendencies regarding enduring preference for specific state of affair over others,enduring preferences for certain social processes over others, an rules for selective attention ,interpretation of environment cues, as well as responses.(steenkamp,2001) There are several focus on national culture. some of them may be merely for the society, others for many ,if not all the societies at the same time. The present study aims to focus on those cultural dimensions that are several societies .Earlier, research on cross-cultural aspects was occasionally considered to be not painstaking since healthy, theory based frameworks of national culture had no existence. Valid fundamental frameworks depicting aspects of variation in national culture are of crucial significant in evolving a nomological structure able to integrate various attitudinal as well as behavioural phenomena offering a strong national advancing hypotheses which expatiate on systematic variation between various cultures in attitudinal and behavioural times.(Smith,1996.steenkamp,2001) References for 2.1 TROMPENAARS,F .AND WOLLIAMS,P.2003.BUSINESS ACROSS CULTURES.ENGLAND:CAPSTONE PUBLISHING LTD. GOFFEE,R.AND JONES,G.1998.THE CHARACTER OF A CORPORATION.LONDON HARPER COLLINS. SCHEIN,E.1985.ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE AND LEADRERSHIP.BOSTON:JOSSEY-BASS BREWSTER,C.SPARROW,P.VERNON.G.2008.INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT.2ND EDITION.LONDON:CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF PERSONNEL AND DEVELOPMENT SPARROW,P.BREWSTER,C.HARRIS,H.2004.GLOBALIZING HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT.LONDON:ROUTLEDGE. BRISCOE,D.SCHULER,R.1995.INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. 2ND EDITION.NEW YORK:PRENTICE HALL. HALL,E.1959.THE SILENT LANGUAGE.NEW YORK:ANCHOR PRESS. DEAL,T.AND KENNEDY,A.1998.CORPORATE CULTURES.THE RITES AND RITUALS OF CORPORATE LIFE.MIDDLESEX:PENGUIN BOOKS. ULLRICH,D.1997HR OF THE FUTURE:CONCLUSIONS AND OBSERVATIONS:HR MANAGEMENT,36(1),PP 175-179 IPD.2000HR AND THE BOTTOM LINE.LONDON:IPD COLLINS,J.AND PORRAS,J.1999.BUILT TO LAST.LONDON:RANDOM HOUSE TROMPENAARS,F.AND WOOLLIAMS,P.1999.TRANS-CULTURAL COMPETENCE.PEOPLE MANAGEMENT,VOL.5,NO.8,PP.30-37 HOFSTEDE,G.1991.CULTURES AND ORGANSATIONS:SOFTWARE OF THE MIND.LONDON:MCGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY. GARRISON,T.1998.INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CULTURE.LONDON:ELM PUBLICATIONS. HALL,E.1990.UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL DIFFERENCES.NEW YORK:INTERCULTURAL PRESS. SPARROW,P.SCHULER,R AND JACKSON,S.1994.CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE:HUMAN RESOURCES PRACTICES AND POLICIES FOR COMPETATIVE ADVANTAGE WORLDWIDE,THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT5:2,MAY 1994 SCHNEIDER,S AND BARSOUX,J.1997.MANAGING ACROSS CULTURES.LONDON:PRENTICE HALL BARHAM,K.AND OATES,D.1991.THE INTERNATIONAL MANAGER.LONDON:ECONOMIST BOOKS. JOYNT.1999.THE GLOBAL HR MANAGER.LONDON:IPD HALL,E.1976.BEYOND CULTURE.NEW YORK:ANCHOR PRESS. STEENKAMP AND JAN-DBENEDICT.E,M.2001.THE ROLE OF NATIONAL CULTURE IN INTERNATIONAL MARKETING RESEARCH”.INTERNATIONAL MARKETING REVIEW,VOLUME 18,NUMBER1,PP30-44 MARKUS,H.R AND KITAYAMA,S.1991. “CULTURE AND THE SELF:IMPLICATIONA FOR COGNITION,EMOTION AND MOTIVATION”,PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW,98,2,PP224-53. DENSION,D AND MISHRA,A.1995. “TOWARD A THEORY OF ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE AND EFFECTIVENESS”,ORGANSIATION SCIENCE.6.2,PP204-23. PETTIGREW,A.M.1979. “ON STUDYING ORGANISATIONAL CULTURES”.ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCE.QUARTERLY,24.PP570-81 SIEHL,C AND MARTIN,J.1988. “MEASURING ORGANSIATION CULTURE:MIXING QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE METHODS”,IN JONES, M.O,MOORE,M.D,SYNDER,R.C(EDS),INSIDE ORGANSIATIONS:UNDERSTANDING THE HUMAN DIMENSIONS.NEWBURY PARK,CA:SAGE PUBLICATIONS.pp79-103 SIEHL,C AND MARTIN,J.1990. “ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE:A KEY TO FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE””,IN SCHNEIDER,B (EDS),ORGANSIATIONAL CLIMATE AND CULTURE,JOSSEY,SAN FRANCISCO, CA, pp 241-81. WALLACH,E.1983. “INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANSIATIONS:THE CULTURAL MATCH”.TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL,pp29-36 DANDRIDGE,T.MITROFF,I AND JOYCE,W.1980. “ORGANSIATIONAL SYMBOLISM:A TOPIC TO EXPAND ORGANSIATIONAL ANALYSIS”.ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT.REVIEW 5.pp 248-56 (Malcolm higgs and sally morton). .(Smith,1996. [Hilary harris.p16-17] Trompenaars (1995) .(Collins and porras1997; ;Goffee and jones:1988) Tayeb (2003,p.10) Trompenaars and hampden-turner (1997) .[ray French page 16]. .”(Hofstede book pg 5) Challenges of Culture in Multinational Companies
UMUC Writing to Managerial Director HR Manager & Financial Manager for Audit Email.

A:Your project lead has asked you to determine if PVSS has ever conducted an audit. After further investigation of the situation, you determine that this will be the first review that PVSS has conducted or to which it has been subjected. Your project lead has asked you to summarize your review and next steps.In an e-mail of 2–3 pages to your project lead, complete the following:Explain what steps you will need to develop and establish to facilitate a successful audit.List and describe the steps and tasks required to implement an audit program.In addition, describe the audit class(es) that would be applicable to your contracted audit.Describe which information systems would be considered part of the scope for the audit.B:ScenarioPeak View Sound Sources is a public company based in Denver, Colorado and is focused on providing digital media and Web sites to music companies and musicians through the Mountain and West Coast regions. The company has a solid reputation and is starting to get some national and worldwide attention, with new prospective companies wanting to take advantage of the quality services they have seen on other existing Web sites.Your company has been hired to assist Peak View Sound Sources (PVSS) to ascertain the security posture of the company’s Information Systems resources and services. You are heading the team of auditors tasked to perform the audit and assessment.You enter the company offices of PVSS and begin your analysis of the environment and situation. Initial analysis has allowed you to determine that the company is made up of the following divisions:Corporate Management and Support Staff: This organization contains the executive management, human resources, and accounting teams. All company decisions are directed from the management team.Information Technology: This team manages the networks, servers, Web sites, and desktop environments for the company. The team has a perception of being difficult to work with, as they are slow to adopt new technology and slow to implement new offerings. The reality is that the team has resources and wants to uptake the newest and greatest technology, but they spend most of their time putting out fires and reacting to issues.Media Content and Design: This team is in charge of working with the record companies and musicians to create the Web Sites and implement the product offerings that are sold.Sales and Marketing: This team works with the musicians and record companies to offer and sell the services of PVSS.There is a concern about the security of the infrastructure with respect to the ability to protect the copyrighted material that PVSS is given to host, because a single incident several years ago took place in which an entire new CD was released prematurely via the Internet. Although PVSS was not directly linked to the leak, there are suspicions surrounding PVSS.Assignment DeliverablesAs you continue your analysis, you see that the Information Technology (IT) department has developed several guidelines and procedures about how various systems should be considered and set up, but this is internal only to the IT department. Every time a new machine is set up and deployed, within a month, the configuration is changed. In 4 ParagraphsExplain why you think the use of these guidelines and procedures is not sufficient and may not solve the problem. Consider how a company-wide policy program could help the situation.As you begin to prepare your game plan to conduct an Information Security Audit, talk about why you think this current situation makes it difficult to identify the controls that need to be examined.If you were performing this security audit, with which regulations would you want to ensure that PVSS complies? Why?Points to consider:Explanation about why IT guidelines and procedures are not sufficientExplain why a policy by itself will not enforce complianceExplain why the current situation makes control definition difficultWhich regulations are applicable to the scenario?
UMUC Writing to Managerial Director HR Manager & Financial Manager for Audit Email

MGT 311 SEU Operations Management Process Flow Analysis Critical Path Worksheet

MGT 311 SEU Operations Management Process Flow Analysis Critical Path Worksheet.

I have 5 assignments in 5 different filesI want a solution that differs from the othersEach assignment was given half an hourSend me the solution in four different files, i want under each question an answer in the same file, or copy the solution in the same file I want a realistic and distinct solution See files first1- operation management MGT3112-ORGANIZATION BEHAVIORE MGT301There is a solution for one of the students, but I do not want the same solution just for you to have an idea3-4- international bussiness MGT 321GENERAL5- COST ACCOUNTING ACC301Q1 What are support departments, and why are their costs allocated to other departments? What process is used to allocate support department costs? (1.5 Marks, week 10 materials) Q2 How are joint costs allocated? Explain and analyze using numerical example. (1.5 Marks, week 11 materials). Q 3 How are budget variances calculated and used as performance measures? Provide numerical example?(2 Marks, week 12 material
MGT 311 SEU Operations Management Process Flow Analysis Critical Path Worksheet

UCSD Aquapura Vine Water Based Urban Vegetable Farming Proposal Paper

online assignment help UCSD Aquapura Vine Water Based Urban Vegetable Farming Proposal Paper.

Identify a different microbe in the same environment as your biotechnology microbe.Using google scholar and SDSU’s library databases, research your new microbe.Using this microbe, design a new, completely theoretical biotechnology that addresses an existing biological issue. Money is no object, go wild!Write a 1 page minimum, double-spaced, 12 pt Times New Roman proposal on your biotechnology. The ideal proposal will include:A background on the problem you are addressing.The microbe you are using to address the problem.An in-depth description of the pathway, protein, or other biological feature that allows the microbe to address the problem.Potential pitfalls of this approach.A snazzy title and slogan for your new biotechnology.(A picture of your new process/product, parts and microbes neatly labelled. Primary and secondary sources where you gained information about your microbe.
UCSD Aquapura Vine Water Based Urban Vegetable Farming Proposal Paper

ENG 105 Monroe Community College Barthelme Critique of American Justice Discussion

ENG 105 Monroe Community College Barthelme Critique of American Justice Discussion.

Final draft: 5 full pages, double-spaced(Please note: “Full page” means to the bottom of the page.)Readings: Your choice of one poem and one other text that we’ve read so far. You may choose two poems or one poem and one short story that we’ve read. For your first paper, you used various readings to think about a particular issue (conformity and rebellion). For your second paper I’d like you to bring two readings together in a different way. I’d like you to explore how one reading shapes your understanding of the second reading. In other words, how does reading #1 affect what you notice or understand about reading #2? Some questions you might ask yourself include: Does one reading introduce ideas that help to explain what happens in the other reading? Does reading #1 lead you to question the claims (implicit or explicit) being made by the author of reading #2? What does one text reveal about the other text? This is a very particular way of dealing with two texts and is different from the more general assignment for Paper #1. This assignment is meant to prepare you for essays #3, which will ask you to apply research to our readings. The strategy of “applying one text to another” is a basic move of research-driven papers in many fields of study, and is a way of thinking about readings that helps you to produce new insights of your own.
ENG 105 Monroe Community College Barthelme Critique of American Justice Discussion

BUL 3320 St Petersburg College Legal Issues Surrounding Direct Payments Discussion

BUL 3320 St Petersburg College Legal Issues Surrounding Direct Payments Discussion.

Minimum word count od 350 words PER TOPIC. Please submit each topic on its own seperate word documents! Topic 1: You would like to get your company’s product into North Korea to sell to its residents. Before you can do that, however, you need the approval of North Korean customs officials. You have learned through the grapevine that North Korean customs officials expect a direct payment from you to them to get approval. This would be an illegal bribe if it were made to a U.S. customs official, but suppose such a transaction is commonplace in North Korea. Do you make the payment?If your boss says to pay the money, should you do it?What potential legal problems are presented by these payments?Topic 2: You and three of your close friends have discussed plans to open a pizza restaurant with a delivery service. You intend to attract to your business young professionals who live and work near the downtown area and who are healthy and fitness-minded. You and your co-owners agree that each will invest equally in terms of time and money. However, in addition to contributions and “sweat-equity” made by each of you, another $400,000 is essential for the restaurant to succeed.1. What type of organization is best suited for this business activity?2. What steps would you take to manage the restaurant during times that you and your co-owners are not present?3. What liabilities do you and your co-owners face?
BUL 3320 St Petersburg College Legal Issues Surrounding Direct Payments Discussion

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