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Book review “The Canon of Scripture” Report

Table of Contents Introduction Discussion Conclusion References Introduction The “Canon of Scripture”, written by F.F Bruce in 1988 is a well-structured book, which pertains to historical and theological matters regarding canonicity in a rational way. As the statements he made in the introduction part of the book, Bruce lays more stress on the New Testament than the Old, mostly as his field of domain is the New Testament, but also for the reason that the concerns regarding the New Testament canon are complicated, and conceivably more arguable (Bruce 1988). Discussion The book has four sections. Bruce’s work’s introduction, which opens and seals the first part of the book, is brief and has its focus on the promulgation of terms and language pertinent to the discussion. In the second part of the book, the author deals with the matters pertaining to Old Testament canonicity, taking account of the canon that was made use of by Jesus and the apostles, and the basis of and consequences of the dominance of the Greek Old Testament in the early church. Bruce give details of the textual reasons from the New Testament and the Ante-Nicene Fathers for accepting what has come to be known as the TaNaKh to the Jews. He concludes the debate by a healthy assessment of the material; comprising much ground from the codices all the way from the writing of the great personalities of the eighteenth century (Bruce 1988). F.F Bruce also analyzes the customary historical-critical outlook of the canonization process of the Old Testament in further detail. The author defies the supposition that there existed a three-step process of canonization of the Hebrew Scriptures, one concerned to each one of the main sections in the Hebrew Bible, and the assumptions on the basis of which these were made, for instance the late date of composition of the book of Daniel. Bruce describes that a much logical analysis in view of the proof is that many of the books of the Old Testament were canonized just about instantaneously after their composition, and that the traditional threefold (or twofold) division was not a fixed custom in ancient times. He validates this with reference to primitive sources such as Josephus and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Bruce 1988). Next discussing the New Testament era, the author uses up a considerable part of his time examining the proof from the first two centuries after Christ. The era was largely influential in regards to thinking about the canon; also this was the period when much of the discrepancies in the makeup of the canon were evidenced. Regrettably, it is also deemed to be the most lacking in existing evidence (Bruce 1988). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Following the review of the initial post-apostolic era, F.F Bruce spends plenty time analyzing the impact of Marcion and the reaction by the rest of the church, assessing that Marcion did not ‘create’ the New Testament canon by compelling the church to react to his thoughts. Instead, by putting forward his tainted New Testament as the single authentic Scripture, he forced the church make prescribed what was already broadly accepted. Following Marcion, several other church fathers are examined with reference to their views and impacts on the canon, and also the documentary proof like the Muratorian Fragment. The author expands this debate to the reformers and others since the emergence of the printing media (Bruce 1988). The third part of the book offers the similar sort of detailed undertaking for the New Testament, which covers not only significant minds but boards and decrees also to drive out any idea which politics during and prior to the second century were the key factors. In the fourth section of the book, the author combines the proofs which he has assesses throughout the rest of his work and gives a few closing interpretations. He sketches the core criteria which the church fathers appear to have used while devising their individual views: Orthodoxy “Only those books which were recognized to have content in line with the apostolic teaching were accepted into the canon” (Bruce 1988). Conclusion This book “The Canon of Scripture” is a result of fine research and study, as would be expected from a recognized academic like F. F. Bruce. The author has offered in his book plentiful explanation, a first-rate bibliography, and his resources and point of views are well structures through the book. Bruce displays great knowledge of the primary sources regarding to his work, in spite of his dependence on B. F. Westcott’s work for study in quite a few places. We will write a custom Report on Book review “The Canon of Scripture” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bruce’s assessment in the book is fair and well thought out, nearly continually treading a logical middle ground between moderate and evangelical thinking. A weird exception to this is his acceptance of C. H. Dodd’s view that Matthew 13 is Matthew’s interpretation of Jesus’ words as opposed to an exact portrayal of Jesus’ words (Bruce 1988). The book would be well-suited to theological students who need to study the issues of church history and canonicity, as well as informed readers who wish to have an outline of the historical church’s views on Scripture. References Bruce, F.F. The Canon of Scripture. Downers Grove, IL: Inter Varsity Press, 1988.
800-900 word essay, DEBATE: Is “global citizenship” the best way forward in the 21st century? Take a stand..

Write a 800-900 word essay for or against “Global Citizenship”Review all directions and requirements carefully!!!0 Plagiarism acceptedMUST WRITE AN A PAPER THAT RECEIVES A GRADE OF 90 OR ABOVE!!!ESSAYS: All written work for this class should be submitted through Canvas in MS WORD.doc format, single-spaced, font size 11, with standard paragraph breaks and margins and must include a header with name, essay topic, due date, and section number. Each essay will be one single-spaced page (800-900 words).Use one global problem throughout your paper to make your case, e.g. population, war, climate change, poverty, pandemic etc. Draw support for your grasp of the problem from at least one film assigned in the course.Define “global citizenship” by a substantive value or values using one or more of the following:Kant’s “Perpetual Peace”UN Declaration of Human RightsEarth Charter / Singer / Leopold“Sustainable Development”MacGregor’s Procedural DefinitionNote: the values by which you define G.C. should provide the basis for helping to solve the problem you have designated (in 1 above).3. Briefly distinguish for & against positions according the values in conflict.4. State your position/thesis/conclusion. (Last sentence of intro paragraph)5. Make at least one argument for your position drawing support from at least one of the arguments in the course readings.6. Present and respond to your opposition’s best argument drawing support from at least one of the arguments in the course readings.EXAMPLES of definitions for the paper:ROBUST:“For the purposes of this paper, “global citizenship” means standing as one for the values of respect and caring for life on earth, including ecological integrity, justice, democracy and peace.”MINIMAL:“I will argue against “global citizenship” defined in the interests of global capitalism as “sustainable development.”NOTES:Be sure you read & understand the VALUES intro to this unit, pp. 385 – 387.“Global citizenship” is an essentially contested concept. Part of the challenge of the essay is for you to make it clear what definition you are supporting. Please use only the readings for this course to define the concept.Making your case based on solving a global problem does not mean you should ignore the local implications or personal experience. The persuasiveness of your case depends on bringing the global home.This is not a paper about the efficacy of ethics, i.e. whether ethics can or cannot solve our problems. Rather it is about which values you stand for, i.e. your ethics. Hence, you would be missing the point if you argued that ethics cannot save us.
800-900 word essay, DEBATE: Is “global citizenship” the best way forward in the 21st century? Take a stand.

The American citizens have diverse stereotypes that emanate from their inherent attributes such as gender, race, ethnicity, culture, occupation, and/or ancestral origin. McAndrew and Akande lament that in the United States, African Americans are the most stereotyped due to racial discrimination and the dark history of slavery (650). The whites see African Americans as poor, lazy, superstitious, primitive, and criminal race. Western stereotypes depict Native Americans as fierce warriors, violent, criminals, drunkards, primitive and hunters, while European Americans stereotypes are intellectual, rich, racists, powerful, hardworking and innovative in their occupations. Primitivism, criminals, illegal immigrants, smugglers, terrorists and actors are the major stereotypes associated with the Latino Americans. The westerners also portray Asian Americas as culture oriented, intruders, intelligent, innovative, sexually active, and hardworking. The westerners also view Middle East Americans as Muslims, moneyed, terrorists, bombers, thieves, and murders. Gender stereotypes in the United States reflect men as tall, huge, quiet and powerful while women are tall, slim, talkative and less powerful. Given the diversity of stereotypes that the Americans hold about each racial group, how do they affect effective communication? Stereotypes of various racial groups in the United States occur in the literature, media and comedies. The media constantly portray certain attributes and characters associated with given racial groups, thus changing the perceptions of Americans resulting into stereotypes. In schools, literature and socialization generate more stereotypes of various races. From the stereotyped attributes, I realized that the most prominent stereotypes about certain race are the negative ones implying that stereotyping is degradation of real attributes concerning specific groups. I discovered that stereotypes do not reflect the true and accurate attributes of a particular race or ethnic group because they are forms of criticism, which always tend to portray real attributes of the people in the most negative way possible. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the society, people form stereotypes to criticize, abuse, or even defame others in social and political arenas. Stereotypes are common during times of social unrest, political campaigns, games and another social gathering. Since stereotypes involve defamation, abuse and criticism, they are unfair because they negatively portray true attributes of the people. Stereotypes such as primitiveness and naivety interfere with successful communication because the person communicating sees the other as someone who does not understand the topic or the context of discussion and this degrading perspective contravenes existence of any meaningful engagement. Eventually, the communicating partners would not communicate effectively due to the stereotypes. Moreover, since stereotypes due to racial differences tend to classify people into stereotyped groups, the most negatively stereotyped group would feel degraded and develop fears, which would significantly interfere with effective intergroup communication. Stereotypes such as criminality, violence, and terrorism associated with particular races scare other racial group and prevent friendly interaction, which interferes with effective interracial communication. Understanding one’s stereotypes and those associated with other racial or ethnic groups would enhance effective communication. For effective communication to occur, one should be able to indentify offending stereotyped language and character in order to avoid annoying others who perceive such stereotypes as offensive. Nurturing of positive stereotypes about certain racial or ethnic group enhances socialization and thus effective communication. For example, identifying with cultural lifestyles of particular racial or ethnic groups promotes intercultural interaction, which ultimately improves effective communication. Stereotyping affects relationship among friends; for instance, one day, my friends teased me that I looked like a Negro and went further to discusses how Negroes are presumably primitive, naïve and poor. This experience heralded the death of our relationship, even though the perpetrators of the same were my very close friends. We almost fought and for the first time, I hated my friends for upholding misconstrued opinions. We will write a custom Essay on Stereotypes of American Citizens specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited McAndrew, Frank, and Akande, Antoun. “African of Americans of African and European Descent.” Journal of Social Psychology 135.5 (1995): 649–655.

Social science essay

Social science essay. I’m trying to study for my Social Science course and I need some help to understand this question.

Your 2-3 page, 5 paragraph essay should focus on the readings and class discussions. Your essay should be in 12 point font, double spaced; using appropriate MLA citations in your text (do not use footnotes, just parentheses with author’s last name and page number with bibliography attached as page 4). Use qualitative and quantitative data to support each of your arguments. You will need to cite 2 of the readings from class in your paper, and at least 1 outside academic sources in addition to Robert Reich and Inequality for All.

Introduction: Define the Contemporary American Class Structure and Socioeconomic Status (High SES, Middle SES, Low SES). What factors determine which group you are a part of?
Paragraph 2: Why? – Why is the gap between the 1% and the average American worker so great? How did this come about and what contributes to the continued widening income inequality?
Paragraph 3: What does this mean and why is this a problem? – What is the economic impact and social impact of the rich getting richer and poor getting poorer? Provide 2 examples of how income inequality affects our society.
Paragraph 4: How do we solve widening income inequality? Provide at least 2 recommendations of how we might slow, stop or reverse widening income inequality. What will need to be done? Who will do it? Why?
Conclusion: Summarize your argument and clearly recap why income inequality exists (and to this extent) and what we might do in order to combat the social issues stemming from widening the gap between rich and poor.

Social science essay

Breaking Social Norms in United Arab Emirates Essay

best assignment help Method As the citizens of United Arab Emirates, we do not take pictures and post them on social media. This behavior is against the core ideologies of the Arabian culture. In order to break this norm, I decided to conduct an experiment whereby I requested people to take self-pictures with me randomly. Importantly, I targeted ladies since they are the ones who consider the undertaking as complete disrespect for the country’s culture. During the experiment, I waited for people as they came from Dalma mall near the cinema area and asked them to take the picture in an impromptu. Although a lot of work had been done in this experiment, I changed the experiment because the participants gave a negative feedback. As a result, I sought to conduct another experiment whereby I requested strangers to let me taste their food. Understandably, the social norm requires everybody to respect the privacy of other people. However, requesting for permission to taste strangers’ food is breaking this social norm because it facilitates infringement of people’s privacy. Findings When I approached an Egyptian family, the mother required me to tell them the dish I wanted to taste and promised to order it for me. After contending that I wanted to taste the dish before making an order, the mother kept quiet, but the father allowed me to taste any dish they ordered. For the second group, they got confused and then agreed to let me tasted their food. When I informed them that it was an experiment, they did not mind but indicated that it was an odd thing. The third person was an Arabian male aged 30 years who refused to let me taste his food completely. After telling him that it was an experiment, he was not comfortable with the activity. However, he said that he could have allowed me if his wife had accompanied him. The fourth group was a USA family which was enjoying ice-creams. When I made my request, the mother told me to ask the man who was serving the ice-creams. I told her that I was embarrassed to ask him, but she asked why I did not have a problem when requesting them. After telling them that it was an experiment, the mother informed me that they had started feeling uncomfortable because they needed privacy. Indeed, the mother was clearly and evidently embarrassed by my request. She did not feel comfortable when I infringed her family’s privacy despite the fact that it was an experiment. The fifth group comprised of three local males who were taking a meal in Wahab restaurant. They openly allowed me to taste their food and stated that they could pay for the bill. When I told them that it was an experiment, they said it was not a big deal. The sixth group comprised of four local women who were taking a meal in Alfanar restaurant. In this case, they did not allow me to taste their meals, but offered to order food for me. After informing them about the true nature of the exercise, they said it was not wrong and insisted to pay for the bill. The seventh group comprised of students from Zayed University who were enjoying their meal at Caffe Restaurant. They did not allow me to taste their food from the plates, but one of them took a small plate, put some food, and gave it to me. After informing them that it was an experiment, they told me that they did not allow strangers to put folks on their plates. The last group comprised of a single female student aged 20 years. She did not mind letting me taste her food, but after telling her that it was an experiment she was shocked. Analysis Resistance to Change of Social Norms From the reactions incurred during the experiment, it was evident that people resist undertakings that may compromise or seek to change the social norms. In essence, they tend to rebel activities that portray a negative picture in society. If something is regarded as an immoral behavior, members of the society will not agree to participate. For example, during my experiment, the Egyptian man refused to let me taste her food because he thought it was odd. In the common way of doing things, people require privacy when they are eating, and they do not entertain infringement. As a result, the man whom I approached had absorbed this general mentality that taking allowing a stranger to infringe privacy is not good. Accordingly, he considered me as a weird person because they expect everybody to follow the societal stipulations. The mother to the American family portrayed an identical behavior. In her case, she thought that I was nagging and did not expect me to taste people’s food because it was not a commonality. In fact, she asked why I did not go to the man who was selling the ice-creams. This implied that people consider privacy as a crucial aspect, and the society does not encourage infringement of that virtue. As a result, those people I approached expected me to respect their privacy and leave them alone. Due to this social norm, they resisted and rebelled against my pursuit to taste the food. Collective Thinking From this exercise, it is evident that social norms create collective thinking in the society. Essentially, people do not question the reasons as to why some activities are prohibited or allowed. They just choose to follow the social norms because the community has recommended them. This is based on the first experiment whereby all the reasons provided by the participants did not reveal substantial facts against taking photos. Instead, they were merely based on the societal opinions. This implies that the society comprises of a group of people who adopt certain behaviors collectively. These behaviors are upheld in a manner that portrays the society as a single unit. In addition, they follow them in order to create a good image of the society and protect its morals. Objectively, it is not wrong to take photos with strangers as long as the requested individuals agree. Expectations in Society The society has created social norms that set some expectation in accordance to gender and age. For example, it was evident that people do not allow strangers to taste their food. As such, the entire society expects everyone to behave in correspondence to that norm. When people contravene this norm, they act against those expectations. For instance, when I requested the members of an American family to taste their food, the mother said that she did not feel comfortable because the family needed privacy. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More

The Power And The Glory Analysis

Even though the world is filled with impoverished as well as disease struck places, Mother Theresa tries to make a difference. While living a basic life in India, she fights to help the poor, cure the sick, and disregarding her owe health for others. Some might say that she is going to be a saint and others might say she is already one. Her unselfish actions have made her a symbol of love and total devotion to the people. A saint is considered to be a man or woman chosen by God to lead and one almost free of human weaknesses. The priest in “The Power and the Glory” can definitely not be classified as a saint and he is the total opposite of Mother Theresa. Since the whiskey priest is the best representation of human weakness, thus he can be called a sinner. The novel is clearly trying to alienate the readers by indicating to readers the wrongs of the human beings and exposing the wrong doings to readers. By revealing those acts, the readers are not inspired by their own human weaknesses and thus are repulsed by them. Through the use of the actions by the whiskey priest, Graham Greene’s book, “The Power and the Glory” has failed to draw readers to God and instead has distanced readers from God. In their communities, priests are considered to be a role model or an example of what a Christian should be. They are representations of Jesus Christ in the world to teach the Word of God to others. In the novel, Chiapas, Mexico is under an anti-religion removal and it reasonable that priest is scared to do his duties as a priest. The whiskey priest must cheat, steal, as well as lie to survive and avoid being caught by the authority. He would get money for the people he baptized and “two pesos is the usual charge” (167). Even though the woman said that her family was poor, the priest still insisted on getting some money. The priest can be defined as an ordinary crook who steals from families who can barely put food on their own tables. The money that he gets from the baptisms is for his brandy. He wants “three bottles. For eleven pesos” (170). As a priest who is called to serve the people, he only serves himself. When the old man asked the priest, the priest replies, “Can’t you let me sleep for five minutes?”(44).The whiskey priest does not want to hear the confessions, but it is his duty. That duty is not for himself but for God and His followers. After the old man’s confession, the priest begins to weep for himself, because he now has to hear the confessions of the villagers instead of getting his sleep. He cries in sympathy for himself, not for the villagers’ sins. These examples outline the priest’s selfishness and are contrary to what Jesus has taught his people. The duties and services of a religious man are not only for the people but for creatures, humans and animals alike. When the priest returns to the land owned by Captain Fellows, the protagonist finds the house abandoned and the injured dog. He thinks to himself, “her (the dog) life has no importance beside that of a human being” (144). The priest does not care about the dog’s life and only cares about his own. The priest thinks that “a man’s need was greater than a dog’s” (145). His mercy and concern for the dog is slim to none. He is only worried about himself and his hunger and not of the dog’s hunger. God created man to care for the animals but the priest completely ignores it. The whiskey priest also commits one of the worst sins: fornication and on top of that he is a priest. He created a child than he cannot care for. When he saw her, the priest thought that “it was making light of his mortal sin” (65), meaning that he wishes that his sin was not so bad. It is and never will change. This sin makes the priest less than that of the betrayal of the half-caste. The whiskey priest knew that he was in the presence of “Our Lord’s betrayer” (91), another Judas so to speak. The mestizo betrays the whiskey priest for money, just like Judas did to Jesus, and the priest betrays God for lust and fornication. These examples summarize the priest’s inability to control his own self. He does not have to self-discipline to stop his lust and to think of others before himself. The whiskey priest gives in to the knowledge that God forgives people right before the person dies. If you are truly sorry for what you did in this world, then God will forgive you. The whiskey priest knows about this and thus in the prison, the priest prays to God and asks for forgiveness. He is a priest for the wrong reasons and also forgets that it was pride that made Lucifer fall. When he realizes that he is going to die the next day, he starts to repent saying, “I have committed fornication” (207). Even though he says this, it has no meaning because he does not really repent for doing it. ‘It was like a sentence in a newspaper: you couldn’t feel repentance over a thing like that” (207). His repentance was not true and he kept drinking brandy, making him drunk while he was trying to repent. In the morning before he gets shot, he realizes that if he had used “a little self-restraint and a little courage” (210), then maybe he would not be the person he is today. He would then know what it felt like ‘to be a saint” (210). It was the use desperation that led the priest to pray that night and it was the use of pride that made him believe that he can be saved by repenting. The whiskey priest is human and has weaknesses just like ordinary people. He has forgotten what it means to be a priest and has disgraced the vocation. The whiskey priest best exemplifies the weaknesses of man and can only be saved by God. To the villagers in the novel, the whiskey priest could be called a martyr. The priest refuses to renounce his faith, unlike Padre Jose who married after hearing about the purge, and living the life of a fugitive, performing confessions and masses when his services are wanted. However, the villagers only see the tip of the iceberg so to speak. They do not see what the whiskey priest’s true intentions are. As the readers, they can sense the true reality of things. The people think that the priest cares for the people and that the priest is risking his own life for what he believes in. But in actuality, the priest is selfish and only cares for himself. Graham Greene exposes the true actions of the priest to the readers and thus telling them what our human weaknesses are. The human weaknesses are selfishness, lust, and only turning to God in desperate times. Greene is telling readers what we cannot control and this makes the readers distance from God because we do not have power to stop it. Graham Greene has failed to draw readers closer to God’s holiness and actually made people separate themselves from God. This book has failed to inspire people to know more about the faith because of what the priest did so that he can obtain forgiveness for God. Greene as sent the wrong message to the readers about God’s mercy and love. Hsu 5 Work Cited Greene, Graham. The Power and the Glory. New York: Penguin Classics/Penguin Group, 1940. Print. Book.

Discussion Question: Explain the difference between internal and external evidence. How can each of these types of evidence be utilized for quality improvement in the clinical setting? Your initial po

Discussion Question: Explain the difference between internal and external evidence. How can each of these types of evidence be utilized for quality improvement in the clinical setting? Your initial po. How can each of these types of evidence be utilized for quality improvement in the clinical setting? Your initial posting should be at least 400 words in length and utilize at least one scholarly source other than the textbook. Please reply to at least two classmates. Replies to classmates should be at least 200 words in length.  Assignment: Quantitative Research Write a fully developed and detailed APA essay addressing each of the following points/questions. There is no required word count; be sure to completely answer all the questions for each question in detail. Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper. Support your ideas with at least one (1) source using citations in your essay. Make sure to cite using the APA writing style for the essay. The cover page and reference page are required. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment. Conduct a literature search to select a quantitative research study related to the problem identified in Module 1 and conduct an initial critical appraisal. Respond to the overview questions for the critical appraisal of quantitative studies, including: Is this quantitative research report a case study, case control study, cohort study, randomized control trial or systematic review? Where does the study fall in the hierarchy of evidence in terms of reliability and risk of bias? Why was the study done? (Define the problem and purpose.) Were the steps of the study clearly identified? What was the sample size? Are the measurements of major variables reliable and valid? Explain. How were the data analyzed? Were there any untoward events during the conduct of the study? How do the results fit with previous research in the area? (This may be reflected in the literature review.) What does this research mean to clinical practice? Additionally, be sure to include the rapid appraisal questions for the specific research design of the quantitative study that you have chosen. These can be found in Chapter 5 of the textbook (Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt, 2015). This critical appraisal should be written in complete sentences (not just a numbered list) using APA format. Provide a reference for the article according to APA format and a copy of the article. Assignment Expectations: Length: Clearly and fully answer all questions; attach a copy of the articleStructure: Include a title page and reference page in APA format. Your essay must include an introduction and a conclusion.References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. A minimum of one (1) scholarly source for the article is required for this assignment.  Discussion Question: Explain the difference between internal and external evidence. How can each of these types of evidence be utilized for quality improvement in the clinical setting? Your initial po