Reading Assignment: Read the Prologue below and write a short description of each of the travelers observed by Chaucer. The pilgrims at the Tabard Inn are a microcosm of middle-class English society in the 1300’s (700 years ago). When you have finished writing the brief description of each person, collaborate with a classmate, and group (or categorize) the pilgrims.What do the descriptions say about Chaucer, the observer? Homework: Due February16 The Canterbury Tales: Prologue THE KNIGHT: According to the author the Knight is the most honorable person on the pilgrimage who served his king and fought many battles, most of them are religious in nature. He loves truth and is the man of honor and courage respected by everyone in pilgrimage. THE SQUIRE: A young boy and sun of Knight. According to the Chaucer he is an active, lusty, humble and joyful man who loves to sing songs and write poetry. He is a good horse rider. He consider himself an ideal man for a woman. THE YEOMAN: He is the servant of Knight and his son and looked like a forester but Chaucer gives little detail about him. The narrator talked about his dress and weapons. THE PRIORESS: A modest woman with smile on her face. According to her designation she is a pious and Nobel lady but her dressing was very expensive. Narrator also mentioned some of her facial features. THE NUN: little girl with Prioress THE MONK: According to the narrator Monk is jolly, fat person who lives his own life and serve monastery. He loves to eat good food and wine as well and finds the inn more to his liking than the cold. THE FRIAR: A priest or religious figure, but according to the narrator he is also in corrupt person who loves money. He mesmerize young girls and then arranges their marriages. THE MERCHANT: A sharp and intelligent man belongs to a rich middle class family. He knows the ways to earn a handsome money. THE CLERK: A very poor guy but very sincere and energetic student at Oxford University who spent all of his money on books. He is fond of learning and respected by all the pilgrims. THE LAWYER: The mysterious, cautious but wise lawyer. He is more educated person and one of the high justices of the court. THE FRANKLIN: A wealthy landowner who provide hospitality and also served as sheriff. He enjoys good life and fine company. THE HABERDASHER AND THE CARPENTER THE WEAVER, THE DYER, AND THE ARRAS-MAKER These above mentioned men belonged to the same workingmen’s group, called a guild and all wore the same clothing too, because they belong to the same group. According to narrator they have expensive accessories, including belts, purses and even fancy knives having silver handle. THE COOK: The narrator gives little detail about him. He has a sore on his shin and cook many kind of food including chicken, soup etc. THE SAILOR A huge man, rough and tumble in physical appearance. He looks wild who can steer a ship but stumble on his horse. THE PHYSICIAN A doctor who knows about medicines and drugs but know astrology as well. He is fond of gold. THE WIFE OF BATH: According to the narrator she has wearing bright scarlet red stockings. She enjoys her freedom, somewhat is deaf and is openly sensual. THE PARSON:A religious figure man who lives perfect life and tries to help the needy people. Although he is poor but set an ideal for others. THE PLOWMAN: He is the holy and noble person and brother of parson. He works a lot and do tough jobs like load carts full of cow manure but lives simple life. THE MANCIPLE: Although he is not well educated but he is smart guy. He is purchasing agent and have more knowledge about investment and market than any other person. THE REEVE: An old man who was once a carpenter. THE SUMMONER: An officer of the church who is as ugly as his profession. He calls people for trial. He frightens children with his pimples and boils, red complexion, and skin infected with scales. THE PARDONER The most suspicious and complex person among all of the pilgrims. Although he is not a good man but intelligent and uses advanced psychological means to fulfill his dream. Here begins the Book of the Tales of Canterbury When April with his showers sweet with fruit The drought of March has pierced unto the root And bathed each vein with liquor that has power To generate therein and sire the flower; When Zephyr also has, with his sweet breath, Quickened again, in every holt and heath, The tender shoots and buds, and the young sun Into the Ram one half his course has run, And many little birds make melody That sleep through all the night with open eye (So Nature pricks them on to ramp and rage)- Then do folk long to go on pilgrimage, And palmers to go seeking out strange strands, To distant shrines well known in sundry lands. And specially from every shire’s end Of England they to Canterbury wend, The holy blessed martyr there to seek Who helped them when they lay so ill and weal Befell that, in that season, on a day In Southwark, at the Tabard, as I lay Ready to start upon my pilgrimage To Canterbury, full of devout homage, There came at nightfall to that hostelry Some nine and twenty in a company Of sundry persons who had chanced to fall In fellowship, and pilgrims were they all That toward Canterbury town would ride. The rooms and stables spacious were and wide, And well we there were eased, and of the best. And briefly, when the sun had gone to rest, So had I spoken with them, every one, That I was of their fellowship anon, And made agreement that we’d early rise To take the road, as you I will apprise. But none the less, whilst I have time and space, Before yet farther in this tale I pace, It seems to me accordant with reason To inform you of the state of every one Of all of these, as it appeared to me, And who they were, and what was their degree, And even how arrayed there at the inn; And with a knight thus will I first begin. THE KNIGHT A knight there was, and he a worthy man, Who, from the moment that he first began To ride about the world, loved chivalry, Truth, honour, freedom and all courtesy. Full worthy was he in his liege-lord’s war, And therein had he ridden (none more far) As well in Christendom as heathenesse, And honoured everywhere for worthiness. At Alexandria, he, when it was won; Full oft the table’s roster he’d begun Above all nations’ knights in Prussia. In Latvia raided he, and Russia, No christened man so oft of his degree. In far Granada at the siege was he Of Algeciras, and in Belmarie. At Ayas was he and at Satalye When they were won; and on the Middle Sea At many a noble meeting chanced to be. Of mortal battles he had fought fifteen, And he’d fought for our faith at Tramissene Three times in lists, and each time slain his foe. This self-same worthy knight had been also At one time with the lord of Palatye Against another heathen in Turkey: And always won he sovereign fame for prize. Though so illustrious, he was very wise And bore himself as meekly as a maid. He never yet had any vileness said, In all his life, to whatsoever wight. He was a truly perfect, gentle knight. But now, to tell you all of his array, His steeds were good, but yet he was not gay. Of simple fustian wore he a jupon Sadly discoloured by his habergeon; For he had lately come from his voyage And now was going on this pilgrimage. THE SQUIRE With him there was his son, a youthful squire, A lover and a lusty bachelor, With locks well curled, as if they’d laid in press. Some twenty years of age he was, I guess. In stature he was of an average length, Wondrously active, aye, and great of strength. He’d ridden sometime with the cavalry In Flanders, in Artois, and Picardy, And borne him well within that little space In hope to win thereby his lady’s grace. Prinked out he was, as if he were a mead, All full of fresh-cut flowers white and red. Singing he was, or fluting, all the day; He was as fresh as is the month of May. Short was his gown, with sleeves both long and wide. Well could be sit on horse, and fairly ride. He could make songs and words thereto indite, Joust, and dance too, as well as sketch and write. So hot he loved that, while night told her tale, He slept no more than does a nightingale. Courteous he, and humble, willing and able, And carved before his father at the table. THE YEOMAN A yeoman had he, nor more servants, no, At that time, for he chose to travel so; And he was clad in coat and hood of green. A sheaf of peacock arrows bright and keen Under his belt he bore right carefully (Well could he keep his tackle yeomanly: His arrows had no draggled feathers low), And in his hand he bore a mighty bow. A cropped head had he and a sun-browned face. Of woodcraft knew he all the useful ways. Upon his arm he bore a bracer gay, And at one side a sword and buckler, yea, And at the other side a dagger bright, Well sheathed and sharp as spear point in the light; On breast a Christopher of silver sheen. He bore a horn in baldric all of green; A forester he truly was, I guess. THE PRIORESS There was also a nun, a prioress, Who, in her smiling, modest was and coy; Her greatest oath was but “By Saint Eloy!” And she was known as Madam Eglantine. Full well she sang the services divine, Intoning through her nose, becomingly; And fair she spoke her French, and fluently, After the school of Stratford-at-the-Bow, For French of Paris was not hers to know. At table she had been well taught withal, And never from her lips let morsels fall, Nor dipped her fingers deep in sauce, but ate With so much care the food upon her plate That never driblet fell upon her breast. In courtesy she had delight and zest. Her upper lip was always wiped so clean That in her cup was no iota seen Of grease, when she had drunk her draught of wine. Becomingly she reached for meat to dine. And certainly delighting in good sport, She was right pleasant, amiable- in short. She was at pains to counterfeit the look Of courtliness, and stately manners took, And would be held worthy of reverence. But, to say something of her moral sense, She was so charitable and piteous That she would weep if she but saw a mouse Caught in a trap, though it were dead or bled. She had some little dogs, too, that she fed On roasted flesh, or milk and fine white bread. But sore she’d weep if one of them were dead, Or if men smote it with a rod to smart: For pity ruled her, and her tender heart. Right decorous her pleated wimple was; Her nose was fine; her eyes were blue as glass; Her mouth was small and therewith soft and red; But certainly she had a fair forehead; It was almost a full span broad, I own, For, truth to tell, she was not undergrown. Neat was her cloak, as I was well aware. Of coral small about her arm she’d bear A string of beads and gauded all with green; And therefrom hung a brooch of golden sheen Whereon there was first written a crowned “A,” And under, Amor vincit omnia. THE NUN Another little nun with her had she, THE THREE PRIESTS Who was her chaplain; and of priests she’d three. THE MONK A monk there was, one made for mastery, An outrider, who loved his venery; A manly man, to be an abbot able. Full many a blooded horse had he in stable: And when he rode men might his bridle hear A-jingling in the whistling wind as clear, Aye, and as loud as does the chapel bell Where this brave monk was of the cell. The rule of Maurus or Saint Benedict, By reason it was old and somewhat strict, This said monk let such old things slowly pace And followed new-world manners in their place. He cared not for that text a clean-plucked hen Which holds that hunters are not holy men; Nor that a monk, when he is cloisterless, Is like unto a fish that’s waterless; That is to say, a monk out of his cloister. But this same text he held not worth an oyster; And I said his opinion was right good. What? Should he study as a madman would Upon a book in cloister cell? Or yet Go labour with his hands and swink and sweat, As Austin bids? How shall the world be served? Let Austin have his toil to him reserved. Therefore he was a rider day and night; Greyhounds he had, as swift as bird in flight. Since riding and the hunting of the hare Were all his love, for no cost would he spare. I saw his sleeves were purfled at the hand With fur of grey, the finest in the land; Also, to fasten hood beneath his chin, He had of good wrought gold a curious pin: A love-knot in the larger end there was. His head was bald and shone like any glass, And smooth as one anointed was his face. Fat was this lord, he stood in goodly case. His bulging eyes he rolled about, and hot They gleamed and red, like fire beneath a pot; His boots were soft; his horse of great estate. Now certainly he was a fine prelate: He was not pale as some poor wasted ghost. A fat swan loved he best of any roast. His palfrey was as brown as is a berry. THE FRIAR A friar there was, a wanton and a merry, A limiter, a very festive man. In all the Orders Four is none that can Equal his gossip and his fair language. He had arranged full many a marriage Of women young, and this at his own cost. Unto his order he was a noble post. Well liked by all and intimate was he With franklins everywhere in his country, And with the worthy women of the town: For at confessing he’d more power in gown (As he himself said) than it good curate, For of his order he was licentiate. He heard confession gently, it was said, Gently absolved too, leaving naught of dread. He was an easy man to give penance When knowing he should gain a good pittance; For to a begging friar, money given Is sign that any man has been well shriven. For if one gave (he dared to boast of this), He took the man’s repentance not amiss. For many a man there is so hard of heart He cannot weep however pains may smart. Therefore, instead of weeping and of prayer, Men should give silver to poor friars all bare. His tippet was stuck always full of knives And pins, to give to young and pleasing wives. And certainly he kept a merry note: Well could he sing and play upon the rote. At balladry he bore the prize away. His throat was white as lily of the May; Yet strong he was as ever champion. In towns he knew the taverns, every one, And every good host and each barmaid too- Better than begging lepers, these he knew. For unto no such solid man as he Accorded it, as far as he could see, To have sick lepers for acquaintances. There is no honest advantageousness In dealing with such poverty-stricken curs; It’s with the rich and with big victuallers. And so, wherever profit might arise, Courteous he was and humble in men’s eyes. There was no other man so virtuous. He was the finest beggar of his house; A certain district being farmed to him, None of his brethren dared approach its rim; For though a widow had no shoes to show, So pleasant was his In principio, He always got a farthing ere he went. He lived by pickings, it is evident. And he could romp as well as any whelp. On love days could he be of mickle help. For there he was not like a cloisterer, With threadbare cope as is the poor scholar, But he was like a lord or like a pope. Of double worsted was his semi-cope, That rounded like a bell, as you may guess. He lisped a little, out of wantonness, To make his English soft upon his tongue; And in his harping, after he had sung, His two eyes twinkled in his head as bright As do the stars within the frosty night. This worthy limiter was named Hubert. THE MERCHANT There was a merchant with forked beard, and girt In motley gown, and high on horse he sat, Upon his head a Flemish beaver hat; His boots were fastened rather elegantly. His spoke his notions out right pompously, Stressing the times when he had won, not lost. He would the sea were held at any cost Across from Middleburgh to Orwell town. At money-changing he could make a crown. This worthy man kept all his wits well set; There was no one could say he was in debt, So well he governed all his trade affairs With bargains and with borrowings and with shares. Indeed, he was a worthy man withal, But, sooth to say, his name I can’t recall. THE CLERK A clerk from Oxford was with us also, Who’d turned to getting knowledge, long ago. As meagre was his horse as is a rake, Nor he himself too fat, I’ll undertake, But he looked hollow and went soberly. Right threadbare was his overcoat; for he Had got him yet no churchly benefice, Nor was so worldly as to gain office. For he would rather have at his bed’s head Some twenty books, all bound in black and red, Of Aristotle and his philosophy Than rich robes, fiddle, or gay psaltery. Yet, and for all he was philosopher, He had but little gold within his coffer; But all that he might borrow from a friend On books and learning he would swiftly spend, And then he’d pray right busily for the souls Of those who gave him wherewithal for schools. Of study took he utmost care and heed. Not one word spoke he more than was his need; And that was said in fullest reverence And short and quick and full of high good sense. Pregnant of moral virtue was his speech; And gladly would he learn and gladly teach. THE LAWYER A sergeant of the law, wary and wise, Who’d often gone to Paul’s walk to advise, There was also, compact of excellence. Discreet he was, and of great reverence; At least he seemed so, his words were so wise. Often he sat as justice in assize, By patent or commission from the crown; Because of learning and his high renown, He took large fees and many robes could own. So great a purchaser was never known. All was fee simple to him, in effect, Wherefore his claims could never be suspect. Nowhere a man so busy of his class, And yet he seemed much busier than he was. All cases and all judgments could he cite That from King William’s time were apposite. And he could draw a contract so explicit Not any man could fault therefrom elicit; And every statute he’d verbatim quote. He rode but badly in a medley coat, Belted in a silken sash, with little bars, But of his dress no more particulars. THE FRANKLIN There was a franklin in his company; White was his beard as is the white daisy. Of sanguine temperament by every sign, He loved right well his morning sop in wine. Delightful living was the goal he’d won, For he was Epicurus’ very son, That held opinion that a full delight Was true felicity, perfect and right. A householder, and that a great, was he; Saint Julian he was in his own country. His bread and ale were always right well done; A man with better cellars there was none. Baked meat was never wanting in his house, Of fish and flesh, and that so plenteous It seemed to snow therein both food and drink Of every dainty that a man could think. According to the season of the year He changed his diet and his means of cheer. Full many a fattened partridge did he mew, And many a bream and pike in fish-pond too. Woe to his cook, except the sauces were Poignant and sharp, and ready all his gear. His table, waiting in his hall alway, Stood ready covered through the livelong day. At county sessions was he lord and sire, And often acted as a knight of shire. A dagger and a trinket-bag of silk Hung from his girdle, white as morning milk. He had been sheriff and been auditor; And nowhere was a worthier vavasor. THE HABERDASHER AND THE CARPENTER THE WEAVER, THE DYER, AND THE ARRAS-MAKER A haberdasher and a carpenter, An arras-maker, dyer, and weaver Were with us, clothed in similar livery, All of one sober, great fraternity. Their gear was new and well adorned it was; Their weapons were not cheaply trimmed with brass, But all with silver; chastely made and well Their girdles and their pouches too, I tell. Each man of them appeared a proper burges To sit in guildhall on a high dais. And each of them, for wisdom he could span, Was fitted to have been an alderman; For chattels they’d enough, and, too, of rent; To which their goodwives gave a free assent, Or else for certain they had been to blame. It’s good to hear “Madam” before one’s name, And go to church when all the world may see, Having one’s mantle borne right royally. THE COOK A cook they had with them, just for the nonce, To boil the chickens with the marrow-bones, And flavour tartly and with galingale. Well could he tell a draught of London ale. And he could roast and seethe and broil and fry, And make a good thick soup, and bake a pie. But very ill it was, it seemed to me, That on his shin a deadly sore had he; For sweet blanc-mange, he made it with the best. THE SAILOR There was a sailor, living far out west; For aught I know, he was of Dartmouth town. He sadly rode a hackney, in a gown, Of thick rough cloth falling to the knee. A dagger hanging on a cord had he About his neck, and under arm, and down. The summer’s heat had burned his visage brown; And certainly he was a good fellow. Full many a draught of wine he’d drawn, I trow, Of Bordeaux vintage, while the trader slept. Nice conscience was a thing he never kept. If that he fought and got the upper hand, By water he sent them home to every land. But as for craft, to reckon well his tides, His currents and the dangerous watersides, His harbours, and his moon, his pilotage, There was none such from Hull to far Carthage. Hardy. and wise in all things undertaken, By many a tempest had his beard been shaken. He knew well all the havens, as they were, From Gottland to the Cape of Finisterre, And every creek in Brittany and Spain; His vessel had been christened Madeleine. THE PHYSICIAN With us there was a doctor of physic; In all this world was none like him to pick For talk of medicine and surgery; For he was grounded in astronomy. He often kept a patient from the pall By horoscopes and magic natural. Well could he tell the fortune ascendent Within the houses for his sick patient. He knew the cause of every malady, Were it of hot or cold, of moist or dry, And where engendered, and of what humour; He was a very good practitioner. The cause being known, down to the deepest root, Anon he gave to the sick man his boot. Ready he was, with his apothecaries, To send him drugs and all electuaries; By mutual aid much gold they’d always won- Their friendship was a thing not new begun. Well read was he in Esculapius, And Deiscorides, and in Rufus, Hippocrates, and Hali, and Galen, Serapion, Rhazes, and Avicen, Averrhoes, Gilbert, and Constantine, Bernard and Gatisden, and John Damascene. In diet he was measured as could be, Including naught of superfluity, But nourishing and easy. It’s no libel To say he read but little in the Bible. In blue and scarlet he went clad, withal, Lined with a taffeta and with sendal; And yet he was right chary of expense; He kept the gold he gained from pestilence. For gold in physic is a fine cordial, And therefore loved he gold exceeding all. THE WIFE OF BATH There was a housewife come from Bath, or near, Who- sad to say- was deaf in either ear. At making cloth she had so great a bent She bettered those of Ypres and even of Ghent. In all the parish there was no goodwife Should offering make before her, on my life; And if one did, indeed, so wroth was she It put her out of all her charity. Her kerchiefs were of finest weave and ground; I dare swear that they weighed a full ten pound Which, of a Sunday, she wore on her head. Her hose were of the choicest scarlet red, Close gartered, and her shoes were soft and new. Bold was her face, and fair, and red of hue. She’d been respectable throughout her life, With five churched husbands bringing joy and strife, Not counting other company in youth; But thereof there’s no need to speak, in truth. Three times she’d journeyed to Jerusalem; And many a foreign stream she’d had to stem; At Rome she’d been, and she’d been in Boulogne, In Spain at Santiago, and at Cologne. She could tell much of wandering by the way: Gap-toothed was she, it is no lie to say. Upon an ambler easily she sat, Well wimpled, aye, and over all a hat As broad as is a buckler or a targe; A rug was tucked around her buttocks large, And on her feet a pair of sharpened spurs. In company well could she laugh her slurs. The remedies of love she knew, perchance, For of that art she’d learned the old, old dance. THE PARSON There was a good man of religion, too, A country parson, poor, I warrant you; But rich he was in holy thought and work. He was a learned man also, a clerk, Who Christ’s own gospel truly sought to preach; Devoutly his parishioners would he teach. Benign he was and wondrous diligent, Patient in adverse times and well content, As he was ofttimes proven; always blithe, He was right loath to curse to get a tithe, But rather would he give, in case of doubt, Unto those poor parishioners about, Part of his income, even of his goods. Enough with little, coloured all his moods. Wide was his parish, houses far asunder, But never did he fail, for rain or thunder, In sickness, or in sin, or any state, To visit to the farthest, small and great, Going afoot, and in his hand, a stave. This fine example to his flock he gave, That first he wrought and afterwards he taught; Out of the gospel then that text he caught, And this figure he added thereunto- That, if gold rust, what shall poor iron do? For if the priest be foul, in whom we trust, What wonder if a layman yield to lust? And shame it is, if priest take thought for keep, A shitty shepherd, shepherding clean sheep. Well ought a priest example good to give, By his own cleanness, how his flock should live. He never let his benefice for hire, Leaving his flock to flounder in the mire, And ran to London, up to old Saint Paul’s To get himself a chantry there for souls, Nor in some brotherhood did he withhold; But dwelt at home and kept so well the fold That never wolf could make his plans miscarry; He was a shepherd and not mercenary. And holy though he was, and virtuous, To sinners he was not impiteous, Nor haughty in his speech, nor too divine, But in all teaching prudent and benign. To lead folk into Heaven but by stress Of good example was his busyness. But if some sinful one proved obstinate, Be who it might, of high or low estate, Him he reproved, and sharply, as I know. There is nowhere a better priest, I trow. He had no thirst for pomp or reverence, Nor made himself a special, spiced conscience, But Christ’s own lore, and His apostles’ twelve He taught, but first he followed it himselve. THE PLOWMAN With him there was a plowman, was his brother, That many a load of dung, and many another Had scattered, for a good true toiler, he, Living in peace and perfect charity. He loved God most, and that with his whole heart At all times, though he played or plied his art, And next, his neighbour, even as himself. He’d thresh and dig, with never thought of pelf, For Christ’s own sake, for every poor wight, All without pay, if it lay in his might. He paid his taxes, fully, fairly, well, Both by his own toil and by stuff he’d sell. In a tabard he rode upon a mare. There were also a reeve and miller there; A summoner, manciple and pardoner, And these, beside myself, made all there were. THE MILLER The miller was a stout churl, be it known, Hardy and big of brawn and big of bone; Which was well proved, for when he went on lam At wrestling, never failed he of the ram. He was a chunky fellow, broad of build; He’d heave a door from hinges if he willed, Or break it through, by running, with his head. His beard, as any sow or fox, was red, And broad it was as if it were a spade. Upon the coping of his nose he had A wart, and thereon stood a tuft of hairs, Red as the bristles in an old sow’s ears; His nostrils they were black and very wide. A sword and buckler bore he by his side. His mouth was like a furnace door for size. He was a jester and could poetize, But mostly all of sin and ribaldries. He could steal corn and full thrice charge his fees; And yet he had a thumb of gold, begad. A white coat and blue hood he wore, this lad. A bagpipe he could blow well, be it known, And with that same he brought us out of town. THE MANCIPLE There was a manciple from an inn of court, To whom all buyers might quite well resort To learn the art of buying food and drink; For whether he paid cash or not, I think That he so knew the markets, when to buy, He never found himself left high and dry. Now is it not of God a full fair grace That such a vulgar man has wit to pace The wisdom of a crowd of learned men? Of masters had he more than three times ten, Who were in law expert and curious; Whereof there were a dozen in that house Fit to be stewards of both rent and land Of any lord in England who would stand Upon his own and live in manner good, In honour, debtless (save his head were wood), Or live as frugally as he might desire; These men were able to have helped a shire In any case that ever might befall; And yet this manciple outguessed them all. THE REEVE The reeve he was a slender, choleric man Who shaved his beard as close as razor can. His hair was cut round even with his ears; His top was tonsured like a pulpiteer’s. Long were his legs, and they were very lean, And like a staff, with no calf to be seen. Well could he manage granary and bin; No auditor could ever on him win. He could foretell, by drought and by the rain, The yielding of his seed and of his grain. His lord’s sheep and his oxen and his dairy, His swine and horses, all his stores, his poultry, Were wholly in this steward’s managing; And, by agreement, he’d made reckoning Since his young lord of age was twenty years; Yet no man ever found him in arrears. There was no agent, hind, or herd who’d cheat But he knew well his cunning and deceit; They were afraid of him as of the death. His cottage was a good one, on a heath; By green trees shaded with this dwelling-place. Much better than his lord could he purchase. Right rich he was in his own private right, Seeing he’d pleased his lord, by day or night, By giving him, or lending, of his goods, And so got thanked- but yet got coats and hoods. In youth he’d learned a good trade, and had been A carpenter, as fine as could be seen. This steward sat a horse that well could trot, And was all dapple-grey, and was named Scot. A long surcoat of blue did he parade, And at his side he bore a rusty blade. Of Norfolk was this reeve of whom I tell, From near a town that men call Badeswell. Bundled he was like friar from chin to croup, And ever he rode hindmost of our troop. THE SUMMONER A summoner was with us in that place, Who had a fiery-red, cherubic face, For eczema he had; his eyes were narrow As hot he was, and lecherous, as a sparrow; With black and scabby brows and scanty beard; He had a face that little children feared. There was no mercury, sulphur, or litharge, No borax, ceruse, tartar, could discharge, Nor ointment that could cleanse enough, or bite, To free him of his boils and pimples white, Nor of the bosses resting on his cheeks. Well loved he garlic, onions, aye and leeks, And drinking of strong wine as red as blood. Then would he talk and shout as madman would. And when a deal of wine he’d poured within, Then would. he utter no word save Latin. Some phrases had he learned, say two or three, Which he had garnered out of some decree; No wonder, for he’d heard it all the day; And all you know right well that even a jay Can call out “Wat” as well as can the pope. But when, for aught else, into him you’d grope, ‘Twas found he’d spent his whole philosophy; Just “Questio quid juris” would he cry. He was a noble rascal, and a kind; A better comrade ‘twould be hard to find. Why, he would suffer, for a quart of wine, Some good fellow to have his concubine A twelve-month, and excuse him to the full (Between ourselves, though, he could pluck a gull). And if he chanced upon a good fellow, He would instruct him never to have awe, In such a case, of the archdeacon’s curse, Except a man’s soul lie within his purse; For in his purse the man should punished be. “The purse is the archdeacon’s Hell,” said he. But well I know he lied in what he said; A curse ought every guilty man to dread (For curse can kill, as absolution save), And ‘ware significavit to the grave. In his own power had he, and at ease, The boys and girls of all the diocese, And knew their secrets, and by counsel led. A garland had he set upon his head, Large as a tavern’s wine-bush on a stake; A buckler had he made of bread they bake. THE PARDONER With him there rode a gentle pardoner Of Rouncival, his friend and his compeer; Straight from the court of Rome had journeyed he. Loudly he sang “Come hither, love, to me,” The summoner joining with a burden round; Was never horn of half so great a sound. This pardoner had hair as yellow as wax, But lank it hung as does a strike of flax; In wisps hung down such locks as he’d on head, And with them he his shoulders overspread; But thin they dropped, and stringy, one by one. But as to hood, for sport of it, he’d none, Though it was packed in wallet all the while. It seemed to him he went in latest style, Dishevelled, save for cap, his head all bare. As shiny eyes he had as has a hare. He had a fine veronica sewed to cap. His wallet lay before him in his lap, Stuffed full of pardons brought from Rome all hot. A voice he had that bleated like a goat. No beard had he, nor ever should he have, For smooth his face as he’d just had a shave; I think he was a gelding or a mare. But in his craft, from Berwick unto Ware, Was no such pardoner in any place. For in his bag he had a pillowcase The which, he said, was Our True Lady’s veil: He said he had a piece of the very sail That good Saint Peter had, what time he went Upon the sea, till Jesus changed his bent. He had a latten cross set full of stones, And in a bottle had he some pig’s bones. But with these relics, when he came upon Some simple parson, then this paragon In that one day more money stood to gain Than the poor dupe in two months could attain. And thus, with flattery and suchlike japes, He made the parson and the rest his apes. But yet, to tell the whole truth at the last, He was, in church, a fine ecclesiast. Well could he read a lesson or a story, But best of all he sang an offertory; For well he knew that when that song was sung, Then might he preach, and all with polished tongue. To win some silver, as he right well could; Therefore he sang so merrily and so loud. PROLOGUE Now have I told you briefly, in a clause, The state, the array, the number, and the cause Of the assembling of this company In Southwark, at this noble hostelry Known as the Tabard Inn, hard by the Bell. But now the time is come wherein to tell How all we bore ourselves that very night When at the hostelry we did alight. And afterward the story I engage To tell you of our common pilgrimage. But first, I pray you, of your courtesy, You’ll not ascribe it to vulgarity Though I speak plainly of this matter here, Retailing you their words and means of cheer; Nor though I use their very terms, nor lie. For this thing do you know as well as I: When one repeats a tale told by a man, He must report, as nearly as he can, Every least word, if he remember it, However rude it be, or how unfit; Or else he may be telling what’s untrue, Embellishing and fictionizing too. He may not spare, although it were his brother; He must as well say one word as another. Christ spoke right broadly out, in holy writ, And, you know well, there’s nothing low in it. And Plato says, to those able to read: “The word should be the cousin to the deed.” Also, I pray that you’ll forgive it me If I have not set folk, in their degree Here in this tale, by rank as they should stand. My wits are not the best, you’ll understand. Great cheer our host gave to us, every one, And to the supper set us all anon; And served us then with victuals of the best. Strong was the wine and pleasant to each guest. A seemly man our good host was, withal, Fit to have been a marshal in some hall; He was a large man, with protruding eyes, As fine a burgher as in Cheapside lies; Bold in his speech, and wise, and right well taught, And as to manhood, lacking there in naught. Also, he was a very merry man, And after meat, at playing he began, Speaking of mirth among some other things, When all of us had paid our reckonings; And saying thus: “Now masters, verily You are all welcome here, and heartily: For by my truth, and telling you no lie, I have not seen, this year, a company Here in this inn, fitter for sport than now. Fain would I make you happy, knew I how. And of a game have I this moment thought To give you joy, and it shall cost you naught. “You go to Canterbury; may God speed And the blest martyr soon requite your meed. And well I know, as you go on your way, You’ll tell good tales and shape yourselves to play; For truly there’s no mirth nor comfort, none, Riding the roads as dumb as is a stone; And therefore will I furnish you a sport, As I just said, to give you some comfort. And if you like it, all, by one assent, And will be ruled by me, of my judgment, And will so do as I’ll proceed to say, Tomorrow, when you ride upon your way, Then, by my father’s spirit, who is dead, If you’re not gay, I’ll give you up my head. Hold up your hands, nor more about it speak.” Our full assenting was not far to seek; We thought there was no reason to think twice, And granted him his way without advice, And bade him tell his verdict just and wise, “Masters,” quoth he, “here now is my advice; But take it not, I pray you, in disdain; This is the point, to put it short and plain, That each of you, beguiling the long day, Shall tell two stories as you wend your way To Canterbury town; and each of you On coming home, shall tell another two, All of adventures he has known befall. And he who plays his part the best of all, That is to say, who tells upon the road Tales of best sense, in most amusing mode, Shall have a supper at the others’ cost Here in this room and sitting by this post, When we come back again from Canterbury. And now, the more to warrant you’ll be merry, I will myself, and gladly, with you ride At my own cost, and I will be your guide. But whosoever shall my rule gainsay Shall pay for all that’s bought along the way. And if you are agreed that it be so, Tell me at once, or if not, tell me no, And I will act accordingly. No more.” This thing was granted, and our oaths we swore, With right glad hearts, and prayed of him, also, That he would take the office, nor forgo The place of governor of all of us, Judging our tales; and by his wisdom thus Arrange that supper at a certain price, We to be ruled, each one, by his advice In things both great and small; by one assent, We stood committed to his government. And thereupon, the wine was fetched anon; We drank, and then to rest went every one, And that without a longer tarrying. Next morning, when the day began to spring, Up rose our host, and acting as our cock, He gathered us together in a flock, And forth we rode, a jog-trot being the pace, Until we reached Saint Thomas’ watering-place. And there our host pulled horse up to a walk, And said: “Now, masters, listen while I talk. You know what you agreed at set of sun. If even-song and morning-song are one, Let’s here decide who first shall tell a tale. And as I hope to drink more wine and ale, Whoso proves rebel to my government Shall pay for all that by the way is spent. Come now, draw cuts, before we farther win, And he that draws the shortest shall begin. Sir knight,” said he, “my master and my lord, You shall draw first as you have pledged your word. Come near,” quoth he, “my lady prioress: And you, sir clerk, put by your bashfulness, Nor ponder more; out hands, flow, every man!” At once to draw a cut each one began, And, to make short the matter, as it was, Whether by chance or whatsoever cause, The truth is, that the cut fell to the knight, At which right happy then was every wight. Thus that his story first of all he’d tell, According to the compact, it befell, As you have heard. Why argue to and fro? And when this good man saw that it was so, Being a wise man and obedient To plighted word, given by free assent, He slid: “Since I must then begin the game, Why, welcome be the cut, and in God’s name! Now let us ride, and hearken what I say.” And at that word we rode forth on our way; And he began to speak, with right good cheer, His tale anon, as it is written here. HERE ENDS THE PROLOGUE OF THIS BOOK AND HERE BEGINS THE FIRST TALE, WHICH IS THE KNIGHT’S TALE
The Tales of Canterbury
marketing the brand
Based on the information provided to you, share a completed customizable marketing plan template for the reopening of the individual park. Your template should include the following critical sections with relevant guiding information: Determine two methods to be used for consumer research in developing the marketing plan. Provide rationale. Determine three traditional marketing methods you will use in developing the marketing plan and provide a rationale. Your response should address the following: How will identified methods help in the acquisition of new customers? How will identified methods help in the retention of existing customers? What are the advantages and disadvantages of identified methods? Determine three digital marketing methods you will use in developing the marketing plan and provide a rationale. Your response should address the following: How will identified methods help in the acquisition of new customers? How will identified methods help in the retention of existing customers? What are the advantages and disadvantages of identified methods? Explain how the traditional and digital marketing methods you have selected will work together to optimize the brand. Your response should address the following: Which method do you think could be most impactful in addressing your target audiences? Which method do you think could be most effective in branding? Can both digital and traditional marketing support the brand and growth of the business? Explain the crisis management strategies that should be implemented prior to reopening. Your response should address the following: How can we focus on customer expectations to improve brand damage from the incident? How can we support our employees’ needs in reopening the park? What possible crises could arise relevant to the incident and reopening? Determine one legal and one ethical issue that could arise and negatively impact the organization’s brand image upon reopening, and provide proactive steps that could be taken now to prevent them.
FAU ?the Appellate Brief Chemo v Matthews Case Analysis Report Essay
help me with my homework FAU ?the Appellate Brief Chemo v Matthews Case Analysis Report Essay.
The Appellate Brief project that you will be working on is based upon the fact pattern in the Lesson 05 discussion question. This problem centers around the law of agency which we do not study as a class until Lesson 14, the week your final paper will be due. For this project, you will draft an appellate brief to the State of Florida appellate court. In this brief, you will present the issue(s) to be resolved in this fact pattern. You will conduct legal research utilizing the tools provided in the Lesson 05 video (How To Do Free Internet Legal Research). You will read and apply the law that you find into a discussion/argument answering the issues raised in the fact pattern. While you are welcome to proceed at your own pace, certain benchmarks have been provided throughout the course of the semester to keep you on track to providing a fully written and edit final paper in a timely fashion. As such, your first step after re-reading the fact pattern is to review your fellow students’ Lesson 05 discussion posts to formulate the issue(s) to discuss in your paper.STEP 1: Run a Google search to find the Wikipedia (or any other secondary source) definition of an employee and independent contractor – Lesson 06https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.amazonaws.com/5eb02702ef92f/3053705?response-cache-control=private%2C%20max-age%3D21600&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27Lau_2.0-PPT_Ch07.pdf&response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20200723T120000Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=21600&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAZH6WM4PLTYPZRQMY%2F20200723%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=c6d01ee991446fec85b30761b072355ede530bc2846d83ad2cb5ee50fafdc891STEP 2: Run a Google search to find the Wikipedia (or any other secondary source) definition of the term vicarious liability. Next, determine what it means for an agent “to act within the scope of their employment” – Lesson 08https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.amazonaws.com/5eb02702ef92f/3053706?response-cache-control=private%2C%20max-age%3D21600&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27Lau_2.0-PPT_Ch08.pdf&response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20200723T120000Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=21600&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAZH6WM4PLTYPZRQMY%2F20200723%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=712e46905068f8cb3a0178a56f1f80b81d566a0f22bd612d41e2c9d868319c7bSTEP 3: Conduct your legal research. Find several supporting cases, statutes or administrative regulations that may help support your client’s position and submit – Lesson 10 you will take the side of the appellee (Matthews).https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.amazonaws.com/5eb02702ef92f/3053709?response-cache-control=private%2C%20max-age%3D21600&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27Lau_2.0-PPT_Ch06.pdf&response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20200723T120000Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=21600&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAZH6WM4PLTYPZRQMY%2F20200723%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=773ce6719a81b8621d31bc00a7960f371b3ca2cfc34ae1609e77c20ae656a01bSTEP 4: Draft outline to your arguments, cover page, issue(s) to be presented on appeal and statement of facts. View the following attachment for an example of sample brief sample brief – Alternative Formats . Remember, however, that your Court is sitting in Florida. – Lesson 11https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.amazonaws.com/5eb02702ef92f/3053709?response-cache-control=private%2C%20max-age%3D21600&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27Lau_2.0-PPT_Ch06.pdf&response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20200723T120000Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=21600&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAZH6WM4PLTYPZRQMY%2F20200723%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=773ce6719a81b8621d31bc00a7960f371b3ca2cfc34ae1609e77c20ae656a01bSTEP 5: Draft the argument section of your paper. Here you are utilizing the research you have found to fully answer the issues on appeal – Lesson 12https://learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.amazonaws.com/5eb02702ef92f/3053710?response-cache-control=private%2C%20max-age%3D21600&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27Lau_2.0-PPT_Ch10.pdf&response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20200723T120000Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=21600&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAZH6WM4PLTYPZRQMY%2F20200723%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=8b61647bb4040e5d142d44510452ce8ace573a951602c893109c47466e390392There is a maximum limit of 20 pages. There is no required minimum; however, as the “Argument Section” provides the content knowledge in this exercise, it is important to provide full arguments and answer(s) to the question(s) presented. Better papers have been those in the range of 7-10 pages, although sufficient arguments have between presented in less than 7 or more than 10 pages.
FAU ?the Appellate Brief Chemo v Matthews Case Analysis Report Essay
Write a latter that seeks to persuade a specific audience
Write a latter that seeks to persuade a specific audience.
I’m working on a english project and need guidance to help me understand better.
Write a letter that seeks to persuade a specific audience.By specific audience, I mean a set individual or group. By persuade, I mean that you must present an idea of your own and demonstrate why that particular audience should accept it.Your stances do not have to be political and contrary; you may want to write a letter that is either civic-minded or business-minded. What you must do, is find something specific to respond to. Because of this, your letter will need to be accompanied by a “statement” of sorts that you are addressing, and a self-analysis that explains the rhetorical strategies you use in your letter.Project Requirements:A 3-4 paged letter from you to a specific audienceA link to a statement (this could be a news article, a video, a social media post, a business’ mission, etcetera)A one-page analysis discussing your audience, their values, and the assumptions you made to convince them. In order to write your one-page analysis, answer the following:What tone did you take to convince your audience?How do your examples/evidence appeal to your audience?What assumptions did you make about your audience and why?Letter Requirements:Letters should be 3-4 full pagesLetters must use Times New Roman font, size 12, Double Spaced, and have page numbers, but be in a letter formatLetters must include at least one counterargument paragraphLetters need to be revised and editedThe following content is partner provided
Write a latter that seeks to persuade a specific audience
Ethiopia’s Development, Healthcare, Human Capital Essay
Table of Contents Lending Institutions Healthy Population and the Economy Foreign Aid References Lending Institutions Today there is still a huge number of developing nations that require assistance from the outside. Ethiopia is one of them. Being located in Africa, it seems to have the poorest development level, including enormous issues in the sphere of healthcare. However, even though health service delivery is not decently managed, there is a lack of health and workforce financing, and health technologies, the country receives help from the outside that improves the current condition. Ethiopia is a poor developing country, which lacks the health workforce and requires health service coverage at more than 92% (African Health Observatory, 2014). It is not a part of WTO and is not supported by this organization for now. It proves that Ethiopia is among the least-developed nations, but such an opportunity is negotiated (WTO, 2016). Still, the country cooperates with international lending institutions that provide it with financial support and streamline the development. For example, the IMF helped the economy to adjust to the changes, absorbing price shocks in 2008. It lent $50 million and reduced inflationary pressure (International Monetary Fund, 2016). The help is also received from the World Bank. In 2012, more than $1 billion credits were approved to improve regional trade. At the same time, $600 million were lent, and $ 415 million were expected to be mobilized further for the improvement in education and health spheres (The World Bank, 2012). Thus, it cannot be denied that Ethiopia is decently supported by international lending institutions. It received funding that provides an opportunity to improve the economic and health situation in the country. Moreover, the political situation improves, as transparency of operations makes the general public sure that its government wishes to help. Healthy Population and the Economy The population of Ethiopia has extreme health problems because of infections, malnutrition, and poor hygiene. With the development and urbanization, the country started to receive help from the WHO. As a result, the situation improved slowly, and the mortality rate reduced (WHO, 2014). As a result, the workforce of the country increased, which means that more business operations can be maintained in the future. A healthy population presupposes decent access to healthcare services and the financial sustainability of health systems. Of course, Ethiopia is not ready to show such results, but they are likely to improve macroeconomic performance. In this way, the value of money is encouraged. Ethiopia does not have a healthy population as it lacks medical personnel and medicines. If the nation could afford them, it would have an opportunity to allocate foreign financial aid to other sectors and streamline its economic development greatly. For now, Ethiopia receives help from “Austria, Japan, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, France, EU, DFID and the USA” (WHO, 2014, p. 1). Still, this money is mainly spent on the healthcare sector. Having a healthy population, it will use the funds for the business. As the countries already cooperate, they are likely to work together in the future also. It means that when Ethiopia receives a more stable position and becomes able to expand its business sphere, it will have an opportunity to conclude trade agreements. In this way, economic growth will be improved. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Foreign Aid The government does its best to enhance the situation in the country. It started to put emphasis on innovative interventions, and new programs were implemented to change health conditions and reach Millennium Development Goal 5. The government constantly improves health policies and systems; it contributes 15% of the health sector expenditures. By its lead, foreign financial support is mainly allocated to this sector, and almost 50% of spending is covered (WHO, 2014). WHO Country Office Ethiopia operates under the leadership of the country. It is mainly focused on the health sector development. It helped Ethiopia to sign a national IHP compact with several countries, which allowed to enhance the quality of water and prevent diseases. The Joint Financial Arrangement was also signed, and incoming of funds streamlined. With the Health Pool Fund, the amount of technical assistance increased greatly, as 10% of all financial aid was devoted to the improvement of the healthcare system. Protecting the Basic Services basket fund provided more education opportunities for the population and 4% of funding to the health sector. The United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Ethiopia designs strategic plans for the country to enhance its performance and increase the quality of life (WHO, 2014). The money received from the IMF was used to buy fuel, fertilizer, and cereals, which allowed the population to have enough food (International Monetary Fund, 2016). The funds provided by the World Bank allowed hiring thousands of primary school teachers, health, and agricultural extension workers (The World Bank, 2012). Thus, it can be seen that the government does its best to receive more financial aid from foreign countries. It promotes cooperation with international organizations and allocates money to the health sector. As a result, the population gets better access to healthcare services, and the mortality rate reduces. More people received an opportunity to get a decently-paid job and provide Ethiopians with new education opportunities, which proves that children will also know how to keep fit and healthy. Finally, the government ensures access to the required products and prevents malnutrition. References African Health Observatory. (2014). Analytical summary – Health system outcomes. Web. International Monetary Fund. (2016). The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the IMF. Web. We will write a custom Essay on Ethiopia’s Development, Healthcare, Human Capital specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The World Bank. (2012). Ethiopia: World Bank approves new funding to improve delivery of education, health and other services for 84 million people. Web. WTO. (2016). Ethiopia. Web. WHO. (2014). Country cooperation strategy. Web.
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