Beliefs concerning dietary practices during pregnancy and lactation. A qualitative study among Iranian women residing in Sweden. Ahlqvist M, Wirfalt E. Source Maternity Welfare Internal Contract, Southwest Health Care Region, County Council of Stockholm, Sweden. margary. ahlqvist@telia. com Abstract Growing multiculturalism in Sweden challenges health professionals to provide safe and culturally meaningful care.
Differences between the health–disease explanatory models of lay persons and health professionals may lead to communication problems, which ultimately could affect health outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore beliefs about food and health during pregnancy and lactation. Increased knowledge and understanding among health professionals on such issues should facilitate culturally congruent nutrition counselling. Individual interviews were performed among first-generation Iranian female immigrants in the county of Stockholm.
The interviews followed a set of predefined key questions. Content analysis of interview transcripts followed a grounded theory approach. Five major categories emerged, which referred to ‘hot-cold’ values, foetal attributes, satisfaction of cravings, survival of the mother, and quantity and quality of breast milk. ‘Mother’s diet provides strength that sustains life’ emerged as the most relevant core concept. This study demonstrated maternal strength to be important for a successful pregnancy outcome and lactation.
Displacement of food items caused by migration in combination with a strong adherence to Iranian health beliefs could potentially cause food choices with detrimental health effects. Womens’ beliefs and practices regarding food restrictions during pregnancy and lactation: a hospital based study. Ali NS, Azam SI, Noor R. Source Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. niloufer. ali@aku. edu Abstract Maternal diet is an important determinant of outcomes of pregnancy.
Malnutrition during pregnancy and its consequences maximally affect the health and long-term outcomes of the population. Low birth weight accounts for almost 30% of all births; with maternal malnutrition as a dominant risk factor. This study aims to investigate the existing beliefs and practices regarding food restrictions during pregnancy and lactation and also to assess whether there is any relationship with education level of the respondent and their beliefs and practices. METHODS:
A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Community Health Center (CHC) of The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from July-September 2000. Four hundred adult female respondents, who came to the outpatient services as a patient or as an attendant, were interviewed after taking verbal consent. A self administered pre-coded and pre-tested questionnaire was filled by the respondent. RESULTS: More than three fourths of respondents were literate. Twelve percent believed in restricting some food item during pregnancy and about 25% believed the same during lactation.
Equal Pay (Employment Law)
Equal Pay (Employment Law).
Outline and critically assess the UK’s equal pay provisions. – What more can/should be done to challenge the gender pay gap that exists. – State statistics and current issues relating with equal pay/gender pay gap in the UK – Case laws, judgement and case facts of equal pay cases in the UK – Equal pay Act (past and present) Format of paper: – Times New Roman (Font size 12) – Line Spacing (1.5) – Margin (Top & Bottom 2cm) (Left & Right 2.5cm) – Footnotes (Font size 10) – Include in-text citations
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