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Being An Independent Learner English Language Essay

Independent learning is learning that is self-directed the learning is defined, organized and completed by the learner. Educators (experts) may act as facilitators or guides. However, the learner is encouraged to plot their own path and to value their own research as well as input from peers on the same level as information and guidance that they may gain form teachers (experts). Independent learning can mean different things to different people, in different principles and in different cultures. Therefore, it is important that this pivotal concept is explained to students so that they know what is required of them within their new context and discipline. Independent learning can also be defined as a method and a philosophy of education in which a student acquires knowledge by his or her own efforts and develops the ability for inquiry and critical evaluation; it includes the freedom of choice in determining those objectives, or program and with the aid of a faculty design; it requires freedom of process to carry out the objectives and for the value of goals. This definition clearly places the responsibility for learning in higher education on students, aided by teaching staff and defined by the limits and objectives of the programme. Being an independent learner An independent learner is someone who has found out enough about their subject requirements and their lecturers’ expectations so that they can plan their study effectively. It doesn’t mean you can’t ask for help, or that you are expected to know what to do the whole time. It does mean that you can draw on criteria for your decision-making, like how much reading you should do for a topic; what questions to ask; whether to spend another hour studying before bed. Basically, it suggests you can make decisions about what, when and how you study and that, little by little, you’ll become your own learning coach. students need to become creative, critical thinkers and we must transform from “imparter of knowledge” to facilitator of learning. How can students make it? In class, there should be enough room to make lots of mistakes and build resilience so that students can become skilled at how to learn anything they want to. In the 21st century constant change will be the norm and those who won’t be able to adapt to new situations will be in serious trouble! One of the most important skills that a learner must possess are good social skills .Learning is very much a social process. The stereotype image of a learner as the lone geek is far from the truth about how learning takes place. Good social community and participate in the active exchange of ideas. Collaboration with other learners becomes part of his learning style. Good social skills include the ability to respect is essential because otherwise a natural mental block will be erected in his mind that will prevent any learning from taking place. Proper respect also including respect for authoritative sources of knowledge. While this does not mean that he dismiss less authoritative sources of knowledge, it means simply that he is more discerning about quality that he is receiving from the source. It also serves as a mirror for him when it is his turn to transfer or share his knowledge with others. Those same qualities that make a source of knowledge authoritative can help him try to emulate those qualities in the manner that he conveys or shares his knowledge with others. good social skills will of course also help to open doors to new sources of knowledge too. Therefore, while it may sound like a contradiction, an independent learner is a social learner. Another important skill is not to over rely on only one source of knowledge. Although it is important to be committed to a source of reliable knowledge, one must also be willing to expand one’s learning circle to include many other sources of knowledge. To source for other avenues of knowledge is not to be done in a haphazard manner. Again, a keen discernment of what is useful and important helps one not to go into information “black holes” where one because lost in information overload. A good independent learner must also be a reflective learner. He is reflective with regards to what is learned, how it is learned and transmitted, what learning is important, and what learning is to be prioritized. All of these are important for him to be more effective in his learning .He will not be a robot. He will not be someone who is just being led blindly. He becomes clearer about the direction and needs of his learning. Lastly, an independent learner must be able to apply his learning in different contexts. When he is able to do that, his learning has become real and meaningful. It would reflect a deeper understanding of what he has learnt because he would have to adapt what he has to learnt how he has learn to fit with different environments and its challenges. Adaptation such as this can only take place with deep understanding as opposed to superficial learning that often takes place in schools. To become an independent learner you need to know which your preferred learning style is and be prepared to try different approaches. Independent learners are comfortable using the useful independent learning skills which are; Skimming, scanning, mind mapping. Skimming is done at a speed three to four times faster than normal reading. People often skim when they have lots material to read in a limited amount of time. Scanning is a technique you often use when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary. You search for key words or ideas, in most cases you know what you are looking for. Mind mapping is a diagram that shows how ideas are linked together. It starts in the middle with the key concepts being recorded. Lastly, many students have trouble making the transition to the more independent learning required at university compared with previous study. University study requires students to take responsibility for their own learning, to be more self directed,to make decisions about what they will focus on and how much time they will spend on learning both inside and outside the classroom. Independent learning is important for success in the university because without a student been an independent learner,he wont know all the necessary skills a student has to acquire to become successful.
COHM3799: College of Hospitality Management Intermediate Internship IA 26379. I don’t understand this Social Media Marketing question and need help to study.

Impact of Internship Experience & Next Steps/ Future Goals (500 – 750 words)
Now that you are nearly done with your internship, respond to the following prompts:

Consider your entire internship experience and describe your overall successes, areas for improvement and things that you would do differently, providing specific examples to support your statements. Also, discuss how this internship experience has prepared you for future professional roles (manager, leader, etc.) in your chosen field.
Next, reflect on your progress towards the goals you set at beginning of your internship and reviewed in Week 5. What progress have you made? Did you achieve your goals? Why or why not? What would you do differently? Provide illustrative examples to support statements.
Discuss the impact the internship will have on your next steps and broader career goals. Be sure to address the following topics in your response:

Further education & work experience: How will your internship experience inform your remaining course selections – are there specific subject areas you intend to focus on? Why or why not? Has your internship prompted you to consider specific summer jobs, additional internships, pursuit of certifications, additional academic degrees, etc.? Explain your response using specific examples.
Career preparedness & your job search: What types of companies/ organizations will you be targeting in your initial job search and why? What kinds of entry-level positions will you be looking for and why? What specific skills and experiences do you think will be most beneficial to highlight for employers during a job search?

Directions:
Important! Taking the time to do this will help make your finished assignment as strong as possible. Before beginning your work, review:
1. Your Journal Entries
3. R3 Rubric
4. Experiential Education Outcomes

-After reviewing the items listed above, draft your response in Word before uploading it into the assignment tab. This enables you to do a full spell check and minimizes the risk that your work is not saved properly. HINT: you can even do a word count in Word to ensure you meet the 500 to 750-word requirement!
-Submit your response by clicking the Reflection link above. Upload your Word document to the Assignment Submission section and attach your file.
NOTES:
1) Google docs and pages files are not compatible with uLearn and cannot be graded.
2) DO NOT use the “Written Submission” option for submitting assignment.
3) The recommended browser to submit your assignments is Firefox or Google Chrome.
4) Keep in mind that the finished assignment must be in the form of a traditional academic assignment – so be sure to use full sentences, paragraphs, appropriate language and formatting.
COHM3799: College of Hospitality Management Intermediate Internship IA 26379

Competitive Market Study in the United Arab Emirates Research Paper. Background According to Butt, the performance of the oil and gas industry of the United Arab Emirates in the local and international markets is influenced by the work of the industry players and the productivity of the workforce (231). Productivity is influenced by the availability of skilled personnel who are well trained to use modern technologies to perform the upstream, midstream and downstream oil exploration and production activities. According to Butt, skilled personnel contribute significantly to the competitive positioning of a firm in the market (232). To ensure efficiency and effectiveness, companies operating in the global and local oil and gas industries use the 360 degree performance appraisal system to evaluate the level of employees (Vessenes, 11). This appraisal system enables the management of the companies to set goals and objectives for employees and the firm as an entity to work at the improvement of managerial effectiveness. The approach enables the management to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of employees who can positively affect the competitive market position of the companies operating in the industry (Vessenes, 11). Dessler argues that the upsurge in the demand for oil and gas in the local and international markets has necessitated the industry to employ skilled personnel to perform the tasks of oil and gas exploration and production (1). To achieve excellent performance targets which have a positive effect on the competitive positioning of the firms in the local and global markets, the oil and gas companies have adapted the 360 degree performance appraisal system to manage employees and the expatriates who work in the industry. Here, most of the expatriate employed in the oil and gas industry in the United Arab Emirates joined the companies from other countries as soon as the government discovered oil and gas in the country. Expatriates came in because of the shortage of skilled personnel to address the challenges and problems the companies operating in the oil and gas industry were experiencing. According to Langley and Guest, the need to respond to the increasing demand for oil and gas necessitated the country to embark on an ambitious program of sourcing for highly skilled personnel from other countries between 1990 and 2000 (2). The newly recruited employees working in the industry consisted of 91% expatriates of the country’s 2.4 million people by 2006. It is important to note that the public sector was the greatest employer because of the attractive benefits employees enjoed from the government. According to Randeree and Chaudhry, the urgent need for trained and skilled personnel to work in the fields based on the exploration and production of oil in the United Arab Emirates was the reason for the ministry of labor and social services and the UAE council of ministers to identify training and development needs of the people (8). Here, the Government partnered with training institutions to teach skills required for the exploration and production of oil to the local people. However, the companies which operate in the sphere of exploration and production of oil and gas undergo significant challenges in employing the local people who demand higher salaries, better job security, shorter working hours, and greater employment benefits (Rees, MammanCompetitive Market Study in the United Arab Emirates Research Paper

Embry Riddle University Communicating in A Multi Generational Workforce Paper

Embry Riddle University Communicating in A Multi Generational Workforce Paper.

five different generations of employees in the workplace – Veterans, Baby Boomers, Gen X, and Gen Y, and Gen Z. Each group represents different beliefs, values, attitudes, and behavioral norms.This multi-generational mosaic can affect how members of these groups work in teams, implement new business practices, and perform the job. Generational differences also have performance implications in terms of the level of commitment to goals, recognition of authority, and understanding of work instructions. According to Dhawan and Joni, “the ability to bring together different kinds of people and ideas to foster the recombination of different ideas, and to see things from a different perspective, is a key part of connectional intelligence and a key skill for both individuals and institutions to develop if they want to remain competitive” (Slim, 2013, pp. 133-134). The mission for business is to harness the energies of each generation and create a synergy that breeds winning interpersonal relationships.Review the following for further insight into the melding of generations:Generational Differences Chart (West Midland Family Center) (PDF) (Links to an external site.)Understanding Generation Z in the Workplace (Deloitte) (Links to an external site.)Millennials — Who are they? The Original 60 Minutes Interview From 2008 (YouTube – 3:15)Discuss the following questions:What problems do you foresee occurring with five generations as members of the same workgroup?What communication strategies would you suggest to minimize the differences and create a cohesive team?What one tip from The Harvard Business Review’s Spotlight on Leadership “Leadership is a Conversation” (see Module 2 Readings and Resources) could you apply to improve employee engagement across all five generations?
Embry Riddle University Communicating in A Multi Generational Workforce Paper

Determination of Gold Nanoparticle Sizes

essay order Determination of Gold Nanoparticle Sizes. Daron Chua Synopsis In this experiment, the objectives of this experiment was to understand the diverse applications of gold nanoparticles and to synthersize Colloidal gold nanoparticles by “liquid chemical method”. Z-average of nanoparticles for the reddish solution and the greyish solution was 60.86 and 50.40 respectively. However it was noted that there were impurities in the solution hence affecting the Z-average. As such, the colour of the solution and the Z-average did not tally. It was discovered that by adding salt into the solutions there will be colour change. This is due to NaCl aggregating the nanoparticles together. This causes the nanoparticles to absorb the red light hence reflecting the solution in a more blue colour. Other methods of forming gold nanoparticles and a diverse application for gold nanoparticles were noted. Introduction The objectives of this experiment was to understand the diverse applications of gold nanoparticles. Colloidal gold nanoparticles were synthesized by means of “liquid chemical method”. Theory Liquid Chemical Method Most of the gold nanoparticles are produced in a liquid (“liquid chemical methods”) byreduction of hydrogen tetrachloroautate (H[AuCl4]). By dissolving H[AuCl4], the solution is rapidly stirred while a reducing agent is being added. This causes Au3 ions to be reduced to neutral goldatoms. As more and more of these gold atoms form, the solution becomes supersaturated, and gold gradually starts toprecipitatein the form of sub-nanometer particles. The rest of the gold atoms that form stick to the existing particles, and, if the solution is stirred vigorously enough, the particles will be fairly uniform in size showing the solution as red.To prevent the particles from aggregating, some sort of stabilizing agent that sticks to the nanoparticle surface is usually added. Also, gold colloids can be synthesized without stabilizers bylaser ablationsin liquids. They can be functionalized with various organic ligands to create organic-inorganic hybrids with advanced functionality. Several methods that revolve around this idea are Turkevich method, brust method and perrault method, etc. Gold Nanoparticles Colloidal goldis a suspension particles ofgoldin a fluid, usually water. The liquid is usually either an intense red colour (for particles less than 100nm) or blue/purple (for larger particles). As particle size increases, the wavelength of surface plasmon resonance related absorption shifts to longer, redder wavelengths. Red light is then absorbed, and blue light is reflected, yielding solutions with a pale blue or purple color. A change in temperature will also affect which the gold to be at a different energy band. The diameter of gold nanoparticles determines the Wavelength of light absorbed as shown on the diagram illustrated above. Procedures Stock Solution 0.1g of H[AuCl4] was dissolved in 500ml distilled water to obtain 1.0mM hydrogen tetrachloroautate. 0.5g of Na3C6H5O7.2H2O (trisodium citrate dehydrate) was dissolved in 50ml of distilled water to obtain 1% concentration. 0.5g of NaCl was dissolved in 10ml of distilled water. Experiment 20ml of 1.0mM H[AuCl4] was added to a conical flask. The conical flask was placed in a stirring hot plate and a magnetic stir bar was added. 2 samples were prepared. One was stirred continuously even it was at boiling point. The other sample stopped stirring once it was boiled. 2ml of 1% solution of trisodium citrate dehydrate was then added to the boiling solution. Gold Sol was gradually formed as citrate reduces the gold (III). Presence of a colloidal suspension was observed by the reflection of a laser beam from the particles. The solution of both samples were being transferred to two test tubes. 5 – 10 drops of 1M NaCl solution was added into one of the test tubes and the color change of the solution was being observed. The two solutions in the test tubes were being filtered with a 0.45 um syringe filter. The solutions were subsequently transferred into a sample holder. The “Malvern” Zetasizer Nano S Light scattering equipment was used to measure the size of the nanoparticles in the two sample holder. (0.47 refractive index was used.) Results Results as follows : Solution with spin even at boiling point : Colour observed : Reddish Brown Size of Gold nanoparticle : 63.77 with 3 peaks Peak 1 : 41.1, Peak 2 : 433.2, Peak 3 : 3913 Solution without spin at boiling point : Colour observed : Greyish / Bluish / Clear Size of Gold nanoparticle : 53.31 with 3 peaks Peak 1 : 143.9, Peak 2 : 1.651, Peak 3 : 3213 Calculation Standard Calibration 67.54nm – 63.63nm = 2.91nm Size of Gold nanoparticle (Reddish/Brown) Z-Average 63.77nm – 2.91nm = 60.86 nm Size of Gold nanoparticle (Greyish/Blue) Z-Average 53.31nm – 2.91 nm = 50.40 nm Discussion From the results, Z average for the reddish brown solution was calculated at 60.86nm, while the greyish/blue was calculated at 50.40nm. With reference to theory, the results concluded by Z-average is inaccurate. By right, anything at the blue shift is of a larger particle size. By reading off the highest intensity peaks of both graphs of red and blue solutions, size of particles were 41.1nm and 143.9nm respectively. Ideally 1 peak in the chart would be best. Other peaks that affected the Z-average were probably impurities. This error may be due to carelessness of assuming all equipments provided for the experiment were clean. Hence there could be dirt or dust trapped whatsoever. In order to obtain even smaller particle sizes, adding of all solutions should have been done slowly, for example adding trisodium citrate drop by drop, allowing the droplet to fully react with the solution before adding in another. With that, the mixing part is no doubt the most crucial process parameter of the experiment. Other factors that affect particle sizes are mixing time and temperature and concentration. Different temperatures within the reaction will cause heat and mass transfer gradients. A low concentration of solution will yield too low of a result and lastly for our case, mixing time. Insufficient mixing time/stoppage of mixing will disallow the nanoparticles to disperse. Hence having a larger particle size. 1. Explain the functions of trisodium citrate used in this experiment. In this experiment, Trisodium citrate acts as an reducing agent to reduce hydrogen tetrachloroautate in order to produce spheroidal gold paticles. In general, the greater the concentration and power of the reducing agent. The smaller the resultant gold particles in the suspension. 2. Account for the colour change observed in step 4.6 In step 4.6 of the practical booklet, NaCl solution is added into the solution causing a colour change. By adding NaCl into the solution, it causes the gold nanoparticle surface charge to turn neutral, causing the nanoparticle to aggregate. As a result the solution colour changes from red to black – blue. As for the greyish – bluish solution, it turns to a even clearer solution. A larger particle size will cause absorption of the red light hence reflecting the solution as blue. 3. State two other synthesis methods for gold nanoparticles beside the “liquid chemical” method. Sonolysis One method for the experimental generation of gold particles is by sonolysis. The process is based on ultrasound. It uses the reaction of an aqueous solution of HAuCl4withglucose. The reducing agentsare hydroxyl radicals and sugar pyrolysis radicals. The morphology obtained is that of nanoribbons with width 30–50nm and length of several micrometers. These ribbons are very flexible and can bend with angles larger than 90°. When glucose is being replaced by cyclodetrin (a glucose oligomer), only spherical gold particles are obtained. Block Copolymer-mediated Method Other method for gold nanoparticles is by using a block copolymer.In this synthesis methodology, block copolymer plays the dual role of a reducing agent as well as a stabilizing agent. The formation of gold nanoparticles comprises three main steps: reduction of gold salt ion by block copolymers in the solution and formation of gold clusters, adsorption of block copolymers on gold clusters, and further reduction of gold salt ions on the surfaces of these gold clusters for the growth of gold particles in steps. This method usually has a limited-yield (nanoparticle concentration), which does not increase with the increase in the gold salt concentration. Recently a test has been done that by adding trisodium citrate in 1:1 molar ratio increases the gold formation by many gold. 4. Cite some other application in addition to those mentioned under “introduction”. Electronics – Gold nanoparticles are designed for use as conductors from printable inks to electronic chips. As the world of electronics become smaller, nanoparticles are important components in the chip design. Nanoscale gold nanoparticles are being used to connect resistors, conductors, and other elements of an electronic chip. Probe – Gold nanoparticles are relatively dense, making them useful as probes for transmission electron microscopy. Catalyst – Gold nanoparticles are used as catalysts in a number of chemical reactions. The surface of a gold nanoparticle can be used for selective oxidation or in certain cases the surface can reduce a reaction (nitrogen oxides). Gold nanoparticles are being developed for fuel cell applications. These technologies would be useful in the automotive and display industry. Conclusion In conclusion, the experiment was not very successful as there were impurities in the solution. Hence the Z average was being affected. However objectives were met as colloidal gold was being synthesized and applications of gold particles were also understood. References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colloidal_gold http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/materials-science/nanomaterials/gold-nanoparticles.html http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/9.html http://clustertwo.org/Shaowei Chen lectures/Cluster 2 lecture 2.pdf http://www.ivdtechnology.com/article/manufacturing-high-quality-gold-sol 1 Determination of Gold Nanoparticle Sizes

Google and FedEx Organizational Culture Discussion Questions

Google and FedEx Organizational Culture Discussion Questions.

Part 1:Option A:After reading about organizational culture in Chapter 16, watch the following videos about two very different organizations.Google:Link (Links to an external site.)FedEx:Link (Links to an external site.)After watching these videos, answer the following questions based on what you saw in the videos (not previous personal knowledge):Question 1 corresponds to the Google video.a. From your perspective, how would you describe the organizational culture at Google (think about things like what the employees said, the colors you saw, office layout, the way employees were dressed, what seemed important to the organization and to employees, etc.)? Explain and discuss. [up to 12.5 points possible]b.In your opinion, does the culture at Google make sense for Google? Why or why not? Explain and discuss. [up to 12.5 points possible]Question 2 corresponds to the FedEx video.a. From your perspective, how would you describe the organizational culture at FedEx (think about things like what the employees said, the colors you saw, office layout, the way employees were dressed, what seemed important to the organization and to employees, etc.)? Explain and discuss. [up to 12.5 points possible]b. In your opinion, does the culture at FedEx make sense for FedEx? Why or why not? Explain and discuss. [up to 12.5 points possible]In your opinion, what would happen if FedEx tried to instill a culture like exists at Google? Explain and discuss. [up to 25 points possible]In your opinion, what would happen if Google tried to instill a culture like exists at FedEx? Explain and discuss. [up to 25 points possible]More details in the file of Part 1.Part 2. I will give you the textbook. And you could choose what you like to write.
Google and FedEx Organizational Culture Discussion Questions

San Diego State University Cultural Studies Paper

San Diego State University Cultural Studies Paper.

Select 3-5 songs from Kendrick Lamar’s To Pimp a Butterfly to use collectively as a cultural source for theological reflection on how the album speaks to the following issues:(1) what it means to exist as a black person in the U.S. reflective of social, political, and economic landscapes (3.5-4 pages)(2) how an analysis of the album helps us think about the doctrines of Christology, sin as racism and sexism, and salvation as survival and liberation (3.5-4 pages)(3)Reference your own social location and what is the significance of Black and Womanist Theologies for the you in the present day? (3.5-4 pages) *also i will provide info on my social location-double spaced-10-12-page paper 12-point Times New Roman with a title page and reference list formatted according to Chicago/Turabian style.- Two direct quotes from authors/artist per page-Use Kendrick Lamar’s album as a primary cultural resource (3 to 5 songs)-use all of the following sources: (these will be provided)_Kirk and Okazawa-Rey, “Identities and Social Locations”_Pamela Lightsey, Our Lives Matter_Kelly Brown Douglas, “The Black Church and the Politics of Sexuality”_Cone, The Cross and the Lynching Tree_J. Grant, “Black Theology and the Black Woman”_ Linda Thomas, “Womanist Theology, Epistemology, and a New Anthropological Paradigm_“The Untold Story of Emmett Till”
San Diego State University Cultural Studies Paper