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Deflation of terms – For purposes of this Act: (a) “Public assembly” means any rally, demonstration, march, parade, procession or any other form of mass or concerted action held in a public place for the purpose of presenting a lawful cause; or expressing an opinion to the general public on any particular issue; or protesting or influencing any state of affairs whether political, economic or social; or petitioning the government for redress of grievances.The processions, rallies, parades, demonstrations, public meetings and assemblages for religious purposes shall be governed by local ordinances: Provided, however, That he declaration of policy as provided in Section 2 of this Act shall be faithfully observed. The definition herein contained shall not include picketing and other concerted action in strike areas by workers and employees resulting from a labor dispute as defined by the Labor Code, its implementing rules and regulations, and by the Bats Bananas Billing 227.

B) “Public place” shall include any highway, boulevard, avenue, road, street, bridge or other thoroughfare, park, plaza, square, and/or any open space of public ownership where the people are allowed access. (c) “Maximum tolerance” means the highest degree of restraint that the military, lice and other peace keeping authorities shall observe during a public assembly or in the dispersal of the same. (d) “Modification of permit” shall include the change of the place and time of the public assembly, rerouting of the parade or street march, the volume of loud-speakers or sound system and similar changes.Section 4. Permit when required and when not required – A written permit shall be required for any person or persons to organize and hold a public assembly In a public place. However, no permit shall be required if the public assembly shall be done or made in a redeem park duly established by law or ordinance or in private property, in which case only the consent of the owner or the one entitled to its legal possession is required, or in the campus of a government-owned and operated educational institution which shall be subject to the rules and regulations of said educational Institution.Political meetings or rallies held during any election campaign period as provided for by law are not covered by this Act.

Section 5. Application requirements ; All applications for a permit shall comply with the following guidelines: (a) The applications shall be in writing and shall include the names of the leaders or organizers; the purpose of such public assembly; the date, time and duration thereof, and place or streets to be used for the intended activity; and the probable number of persons participating, the transport and the public address systems to be used.Section 8 hereof. (c) The application shall be filed with the office of the mayor of the city or municipality in whose Jurisdiction the intended activity is to be held, at least five (5) working days before the scheduled public assembly. (d) Upon receipt f the application, which must be duly acknowledged in writing, the office of the city or municipal mayor shall cause the same to immediately be posted at a conspicuous place in the city or municipal building. Section 6.Action to be taken on the application – (a) It shall be the duty of the mayor or any official acting in his behalf to issue or grant a permit unless there is clear and convincing evidence that the public assembly will create a clear and present danger to public order, public safety, public convenience, public morals or public health.

(b) The mayor or any official acting in is behalf shall act on the application within two (2) working days from the date the application was filed, failing which, the permit shall be deemed granted.Should for any reason the mayor or any official acting in his behalf refuse to accept the application for a permit, said application shall be posted by the applicant on the premises of the office of the mayor and shall be deemed to have been filed. (c) If the mayor is of the view that there is imminent and grave danger of a substantive evil warranting the denial or modification of the permit, he shall immediately inform the applicant who must be heard on the matter. D) The action on the permit shall be in writing and served on the application within twenty-four hours. E) If the mayor or any official acting in his behalf denies the application or modifies the terms thereof in his permit, the applicant may contest the decision in an appropriate court of law. (f) In case suit is brought before the Metropolitan Trial Court, the Municipal Trial Court, the Municipal Circuit Trial Court, the Regional Trial Court, or the Intermediate Appellate Court, its decisions may be appealed to the appropriate court within forty-eight (48) hours after receipt of the same. No appeal bond and cord on appeal shall be required.

A decision granting such permit or modifying it in terms satisfactory to the applicant shall, be immediately executors. (g) All cases filed in court under this Section shall be decided within twenty-four (24) hours from date of filing. Cases filed hereunder shall be immediately endorsed to the executive judge for disposition or, in his absence, to the next in rank. (h) In all cases, any decision may be appealed to the Supreme Court. (I) Telegraphic appeals to be followed by formal appeals are hereby allowed.Section 7. Use of public thoroughfare – Should the proposed public assembly involve the use, for an appreciable length of time, of any public highway, boulevard, avenue, road or street, the mayor or any official acting in his behalf may, to prevent grave public inconvenience, designate the route thereof which is convenient to the participants or reroute the vehicular traffic to another direction so that there will be no serious or undue interference with the free flow of commerce and trade.

Section 8. Responsibility of applicant – It shall be the duty and responsibility of the leaders and organizers of a public assembly to take all reasonable measures and steps to the end hat the intended public assembly shall be conducted peacefully in accordance with the terms of the permit.These shall include but not be limited to the following: To inform the participants of their responsibility under the permit; (b) To police disrupting the lawful activities of the public assembly; (c) To confer with local government officials concerned and law enforcers to the end that the public assembly may be held peacefully; (d) To see to it that the public assembly undertaken shall not go beyond the time stated in the permit; and (e) To take positive steps that demonstrators do not molest any person or do any act unduly interfering with the rights of other persons not participating in the public assembly.Section 9. Non-interference by law enforcement authorities – Law enforcement agencies shall not interfere with the holding of a public assembly. However, to adequately ensure public safety, a law enforcement contingent under the command of a responsible police officer may be detailed and stationed in a place at least one hundred (100) meter away from the area of activity ready to maintain peace and order at all times.Section 10.

Police assistance when requested – It shall be imperative for law enforcement agencies, when their assistance is requested by the traders or organizers, to perform their duties always mindful that their responsibility to provide proper protection to those exercising their right peaceably to assemble and the freedom of expression is primordial.Towards this end, law enforcement agencies shall observe the following guidelines: (a) Members of the law enforcement contingent who deal with the demonstrators shall be in complete uniform with their nameplates and units to which they belong displayed prominently on the front and dorsal parts of their uniform and must observe the policy of “maximum tolerance” as herein defined; (b) The members of the law enforcement intention shall not carry any kind of firearms but may be equipped with baton or riot sticks, shields, crash helmets with visor, gas masks, boots or ankle high shoes with shin guards; (c) Tear gas, smoke grenades, water cannons, or any similar anti-riot device shall not be used unless the public assembly is attended by actual violence or serious threats of violence, or deliberate destruction of property. Section 1 1 . Dispersal of public assembly with permit – No public assembly with a permit shall be dispersed.However, when an assembly becomes violent, the police may disperse such public assembly as follows: (a) At the first sign of impending violence, the ranking officer of the law enforcement contingent shall call the attention of the leaders of the public assembly and ask the latter to prevent any possible disturbance; (b) If actual violence starts to a point where rocks or other harmful objects from the participants are thrown at the police or at the non-participants, or at any property causing damage to such property, the ranking officer of the law enforcement contingent shall audibly warn the participants that if the disturbance persists, the public assembly will be dispersed; c) If the violence or disturbances prevailing as stated in the preceding subparagraph should not stop or abate, the ranking officer of the law enforcement contingent shall audibly issue a warning to the participants of the public assembly, and after allowing a reasonable period of time to lapse, shall immediately order it to forthwith disperse; (d) No arrest of any leader, organizer or participant shall also be made during the public assembly unless he violates during the assembly a law, statute, ordinance or any provision of this Act. Such arrest shall be governed by Article 125 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended: e) Isolated acts or incidents of disorder or branch of the peace during the public assembly without permit – When the public assembly is held without a permit where a permit is required, the said public assembly may be peacefully dispersed.

of research involving human subjects includes instances of unethical practices and, consequently, the advent of guidelines and regulations to ensure the protection of human subjects’ participation in research. Prepare a 2- to 3-page report (double-space, excluding title page and references) on the major milestones in the history of ethical issues in research. Include at least 3 milestones. A milestone can be an unethical research event or a regulation guiding research with human subjects. For each milestone write a brief paragraph. Include at least three references. Use APA style guidelines (No abstract is required

The history of research involving human subjects includes instances of unethical practices and, consequently, the advent of guidelines and regulations to ensure the protection of human subjects’ participation in research. Prepare a 2- to 3-page report (double-space, excluding title page and references) on the major milestones in the history of ethical issues in research. Include at least 3 milestones. A milestone can be an unethical research event or a regulation guiding research with human subjects. For each milestone write a brief paragraph. Include at least three references I will provide articles and ppt’s to use as references

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