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Asses the Usefulness of the Different Types of Punishment in Our Society college application essay help essay writing help

Asses the usefulness of the different types of punishment in our society Punishment has always been part of society; it has always been seen as a key element that allows us to see how far society goes to maintain social control. In today’s society Freely and Simon argue that the stress of social control has changed from controlling deviant people’s behaviour to controlling people that are heading down a potentially deviant route, this has been done through schemes such as NACRO which is a charitable organisation which provides houses for criminals, it also helps prisoners to find work and works with families and communities to cut crime.

Functionalist Durkheim says that society can only exist if members share a collective consciousness and share common values. He says that a legal system is then put in place to create boundaries between them and the rest of society , prisons are an example of a system that creates such boundaries functionalist say that prisons function is to act as a warning device so it can be said that prisons are useful in such manor.

Marxist however have a different approach and say that the law reflects the ruling class and go further to say that punishment also reflects their interests they believe that punishment is a ruling class phenomena and is sued to oppress and punish the working class, they strongly believe capitalism has allowed prisons to serve useful purposes such as, training workers in discipline of long working hours in poor conditions. So it can be said that imprisonment is not a very useful form of punishment.

Prisons are a major source of punishment in our society today and one of the main functions of the prison is to deter people from crime which helps to protect the general public, it can be said that it is useful in this way as a form of punishment as it does separate the criminals from the society however it can also be highly argued that the prison is not a useful type of punishment at all as it fails to perform some major functions such as the humane, decent and lawful treatment of inmates.

This has been highly criticized as recent statistics have shown a rise in suicide rates and mental health cases within prisons. Interactionists also agree and say that prisons lead to the Mortification process this is when an inmate follows the same dull repetitive routine day in and day out for the duration of their sentence, this can be very dehumanising and bad for the prisoner as it means prisoners are not getting humanly treated and also it shows that prisons lack useful ness if all they re doing is mortifying prisoners because that will intern lead to more crime as inmates are not ready to be integrated back into society upon release this also links into another function of prisons which is to reduce recidivism, this has been highly criticized as statistics show that 2 third of the prison population that are released end up back in prison within the first 6 months this shows that not only are prisons not humanly treated but in fact they don’t even work.

This is agreed by Left realist who believe that prisons are not the answer but in fact rehabilitation is the answer and that instead of punishing the criminals we need to work on tackling the crime at the core which they say is by improving housing and community facilities, they also suggest that Consensus policing is needed as a form of punishment which will help tackle crime however this solution is very impractical as it means spending money that the government just doesn’t have.

Right realist however believe that prisons are useful because they believe a zero tolerance policy should be taken against crime and that harsher punishments should be used against delinquents, however prison statistics alone have shown that their approach is not the way forward as re offending rates are very high, so rehabilitation seems to be the answer but prison is not the best way of rehabilitating someone as the conditions are disgusting, many prisons are very overcrowded and lack decent sanitation.

So is not a useful type of punishment in society as they do more harm than good. Fulcault however believes that prisons are the solution he investigated the disciplinary power of prisons he illustrates this with the Panoptican design prison, in which all the prisoners cells are visible to the guards from a central tower but the guards are not visible to the prisoners.

So therefore they do not know if they are being watched or not, as a result they have to behave at all times as if they are being watched, so in turn the surveillance turns into self-surveillance and discipline into Self-discipline so therefore it can be said some prison designs are useful as they can teach discipline to a prisoner thus meaning they are a useful form of punishment in some cases.

ASBO’s are another type of punishment in society introduced under the Crime and Disorder Act of 1998, and are said been the least useful although It meant less people going to prison, it also meant a massive increase in youth offences as ASBO’s became ‘fun’ for the youth as it gave them an almost powering feeling of being delinquent. This as not a useful form of punishment as not only did it not work but it became a game for people and all the kids wanted to have one. Community Service Orders however are a more useful form of punishment as not only do they prevent more crime than ASBO’s but they also teach criminals discipline and possible reduce certain crimes in society.

These orders mean that offenders must pay back to the community by doing unpaid work in order to help rebuild the community or even to repair damage that they have caused this is a very useful method as it means that not only are criminals punished but they also are taught a valuable lesson of law and order so will not commit the same crime again for example if someone has been guilty of Defacing of property then their punishment would be to go and do a set number of hours per week cleaning up the property they have defaced until it is fully clean and the mark/ tag has been removed, this will teach criminals of the hard work that it takes to remove a small tag that they made so in future will be less likely to commit the crime so they don’t have to do the community service. In conclusion there are a number of different types of punishments in society and some are more useful than others overall the more rehabilitated methods such as Community orders have more of an effect than the more harsh Imprisonment method.

Analyse these three poems and answer the question

Analyse these three poems and answer the question.

Analyse these three poems and answer the question

1. Poem one: 
Elizabeth Bishop, 1911-1979, “One Art”

The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
so many things seem filled with the intent
to be lost that their loss is no disaster.

Lose something every day. Accept the fluster
of lost door keys, the hour badly spent.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.

Then practice losing farther, losing faster:
places, and names, and where it was you meant
to travel. None of these will bring disaster.

I lost my mother’s watch. And look! my last, or
next-to-last, of three loved houses went.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.

I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,
some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent.
I miss them, but it wasn’t a disaster.

—Even losing you (the joking voice, a gesture
I love) I shan’t have lied. It’s evident
the art of losing’s not too hard to master
though it may look like (Write it!) like disaster.

Questions: 
She’s giving us directions in how to practice and “master” the “art” of loss. But is she convincing that loss is NOT hard to master if we just “practice”? (How are the other things “lost” different from the last in her list of losses? Do the phrase in parentheses and the ending, “like disaster,” suggest her state of mind on her loss of whoever “you” is?) If you want, also describe how and why a poem like this one might help someone cope with a loss 
Poem 2:
Dorothy Parker, 1893-1967, “One Perfect Rose”

A single flow’r he sent me, since we met.
All tenderly his messenger he chose;
Deep-hearted, pure, with scented dew still wet–
One perfect rose.
I knew the language of the floweret;
“My fragile leaves,” it said, “his heart enclose.”
Love long has taken for his amulet
One perfect rose.
Why is it no one ever sent me yet
One perfect limousine, do you suppose?
Ah no, it’s always just my luck to get
One perfect rose.

Questions: 
So, looking at the simple structure, the rhymes, the images and the tone, elaborate on how we are to “read” this speaker: who is this person? Is she being funny? Is she both appreciative and tired of the impracticalities of traditional romantic gestures? Or is she cravenly materialistic, “almost rudely” upending an expectation of traditional romance? Does the poem more strongly support one, or does it support both?

Poem 3:
Adrienne Rich, 1929-2012, “Living in Sin”

She had thought the studio would keep itself;
no dust upon the furniture of love.
Half heresy, to wish the taps less vocal,
the panes relieved of grime. A plate of pears,
a piano with a Persian shawl, a cat
stalking the picturesque amusing mouse
had risen at his urging.
Not that at five each separate stair would writhe
under the milkman’s tramp; that morning light
so coldly would delineate the scraps
of last night’s cheese and three sepulchral bottles;
that on the kitchen shelf among the saucers
a pair of beetle-eyes would fix her own—
envoy from some village in the moldings . . .
Meanwhile, he, with a yawn,
sounded a dozen notes upon the keyboard,
declared it out of tune, shrugged at the mirror,
rubbed at his beard, went out for cigarettes;
while she, jeered by the minor demons,
pulled back the sheets and made the bed and found
a towel to dust the table-top,
and let the coffee-pot boil over on the stove.
By evening she was back in love again,
though not so wholly but throughout the night
she woke sometimes to feel the daylight coming
like a relentless milkman up the stairs.

Questions: . Richard writes of “Living in Sin” that the poem presents alternate views of the studio apartment that reflect alternate views of the relationship. “The woman identifies multiple details and sees some of the less than desirable settings that have come about the living space. The man in contrast is quite detached and promptly leaves the studio.” He describes the relationship as “Not ideal, kind of messy, but it works, and it’s what they have.” To consider his “take” on the poem, look at the images to see what they suggest about this relationship—what’s wrong with it, from the speaker’s perspective? What does she want, but no longer expect, from her live-in partner? What seems to have changed (in the speaker’s perspective) since they moved in together? Adrienne Rich is playing with the phrase that used to apply to people living together without marriage—but what is the “sin” this couple is living in?

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