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Ashford University Public Health and Safety Policy Questions

Ashford University Public Health and Safety Policy Questions.

During the early and mid-1980s, many states raised their drinking age to 21 in response to federal prompting and as a means of promoting traffic safety. To further address public health and safety concerns, many states initiated sobriety checkpoints and introduced random drug testing for public employees and high school students.Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper in which you address the following:How would you analyze the effect of these policies? What approach might you take, and what types of information might you seek and use?If your analysis discerned the policies had no effect on public health and safety, how do you think different political groups would react?What due process and equal protection issues and standards do these public safety strategies raise?Apply the Supreme Court’s three-tiered scrutiny test to determine if equal protection or due process has been violated in the implementation of these policies.Explain how managerial, political, and legal perspectives variously affect this policy change, implementation, and evaluation.Format your paper according to APA guideline
Ashford University Public Health and Safety Policy Questions

“If the (India-Russia-China-Brazil) relationship progresses, then you basically have the world’s heartland- two billion people allied with a formidable technological power in Russia. That would be a disaster for the United States.” Maynes [1] CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1. The bipolar world has long ceased to exist and the world is now moving towards a multi polar world with emergence of various regional forums with common energy, economic, climate and trade agendas. One such forum which has attracted attention of leading economies is BRIC. The key players among the emerging economies are the quartet of Brazil, Russia, India and China popularly referred to as BRIC. The BRIC concept was first proposed by Goldman Sachs in 2003. It is estimated by experts that the economies of BRIC countries could outstrip the economies of G-6 countries in near future. BRIC with 40% of the world’s population and output is seen as the group which can alter the future of global economy. India being the largest democracy and one of the fastest growing economy has a definite role to play in the emerging world order with special reference to the BRIC. 2. The BRIC countries have consistently displayed high annual growth rates since 1980. BRICs share in the global economy has increased by 1.5% over the last decade. The rapid development of emerging economies and BRIC in particular, presents both opportunities and threats for sustained economic growth of India. It is almost nine years since Goldman Sach gave the term “BRIC” in its Global Economics Paper, “Building Better Global Economic BRICs”, published in 30 November 01. An short form for the economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China, the term was first significantly used in a Goldman Sachs report, which predicted that by 2050 these four economies would be wealthier than most of the current major economic powers. The forum has managed to increase its presence on the global stage in the past years and is countering the influence of western power in various forums. The BRIC nations are also looking in future for a more multi-lateral world and use the forum as a vehicle to pursue this aim. However as per studies carried out by many analyst doubts whether the BRIC concept has graduated from mere theory, to real, actionable practice? 3. As per studies carried out by economist, the BRIC thesis suggests that India and China would emerge as the world’s dominant suppliers of manufactured goods and services, respectively, while Brazil and Russia will become similarly dominant in supplying raw materials. As per the thesis evolved by Goldman Sachs, these countries are not only a political alliance or a formal business association but they have the potential to form a powerful economic bloc. Nevertheless, these countries have taken steps to increase their political co-operation on various international forums of trade and economics. [2] 4. The thesis put forward by Goldman Sachs [3] suggests that the economic potential of Brazil, Russia, India, and China is such that they could be among the four most leading economies by the year 2050. The thesis was proposed by Jim O’Neill, global economist at Goldman Sachs. These countries together encompasses almost 25% of the world’s land coverage and 40% of the population and hold a combined GDP of 15.440 trillion dollars. In fact, by the end of 2010, their combined GDP is already 15% of the global economy. China has overtaken Japan this year to become the second-largest economy in the world. The BRIC countries are among the biggest and fastest growing economies and emerging markets in the world. [4] 5. Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America and the eighth largest in the world, based on nominal GDP and ninth largest by purchasing power parity. Brazil is one of the fastest growing economies in the world with an average growth rate of 5 %. As per Goldman Sachs report Brazil will become one of the five largest economies in the world in the times to come, thus becoming one of the most sought after industrial destination. Brazil has a broad base in the sophisticated technological sector that ranges from automobile, petrochemicals, fertilizers, submarines, aircrafts, space research and also a pioneer in many fields, including deep water oil research, ethanol production and blending. In recent years India has realised the mutual trade potential of the two countries, which is evident from the frequent interaction of leaders from both countries. 6. The economies of China and India, whose recent growth has been triggered by foreign investment and exports of manufactured goods, are vastly different from resource-fuelled Russia and, to a lesser extent, Brazil. The opportunities among BRIC nations to further their economic co-operation are evident. Brazil and Russia in future will continue their leadership roles in developing and trading natural resources, while India and China will remain global players in manufacturing, services and technology sector. All four economies have recently bounced back from recession and are key players in sustaining the global recovery. As per the current trends, the group’s combined share in global GDP should reach 60 percent by 2050. The countries’ growing economic influence has turned BRIC into a major economic bloc in the new multi polar world order. [5] 7. India’s economic growth since independence in 1947 has been well below potential as compared to its population growth, hindered by low productivity. Tentative steps to reform the economy in 1985 and then fundamental reforms of 1991, has impacted the growth with economic growth averaging 6% annually. Since 2003, there has been a consistence increase in India’s potential growth to nearly 8% from 5%-6% seen in the previous decade. Growth in the productivity has been the key driver behind the progress in the GDP growth, contributing nearly 50% of overall growth since 2003. The drivers of growth are various sectors, important of which are agriculture, services sector and industry. Industry is increasingly becoming an important growth driver, contrary to general belief that India’s growth is services driven. Almost 25% of the services are directly related to industry, in the sectors such as trade, transport, electricity and construction. Recent jump in the productivity are in part due to a turnaround in industry productivity, which has transited from negative to positive cycle. 8. India’s current growth rates of about 8% have been achieved without much increase in domestic capital accumulation or FDI, raising the prospects that further increase in FDI could result in boosting further growth. India is well below its efficiency in the productivity frontier, due to inefficiencies in the production sector. However, services productivity has remained strong over the past decades. Labour has moved into industry from agriculture, at the same time capital has moved to services since 2002. 9. As per economists and experts, India will remain a low-income country for decades, with per capita incomes below its BRIC peers, however there exists opportunities and capabilities to fulfil its growth potential, thus it can become a source for driving the world economy and a key contributor in the recovery of world economy from the recent recession. India’s forthcoming urbanisation process has implications for increasing demand for housing, infrastructure, and demand for consumer durables. Given the considerable implications, India’s ability to turn potential into reality should be of importance not only for its 1.1bn population, but also for the recovery and growth of the global economy. 10. The People’s Republic of China is the world’s second largest economy both in nominal and PPP terms after the United States. It is the world’s fastest-growing economy, with average growth rates of 10% for the past 30 years. It is also the largest exporter and second largest importer of commodities in the world. The country’s per capita GDP (PPP) is $6,567 (98th in the IMF ranking) in 2009. The provinces in coastal area of China are more developed, as compared to the regions in the hinterland which are less developed. 11. According to the experts, China and India “are competing with the west for “intellectual capital” by seeking to build state of the art facilities, investing in high, value-added and technologically intensive sector, and utilising successfully technological knowhow to generate entrepreneurial activity. However India needs to resolve its problem of mass poverty and thus long-term political stability and achieving immense potential growth prospects. According to My Pocket World in Figures, 2007 Edition edited by The Economist, adult literacy in China is 90.9%, Brazil 88.6%, Russia 99,4% and India a mere 61%. What do foreign investors want to do in a country with 40% illiterate people? [6] 12. Russia has been a star performer in 2008 in the entire Euro-Asian region. This performance is not only driven by high-energy prices but also market driven. Instead of oil and gas – which will remain solid performers for Russia – the country economy will be driven by domestic consumption growth, higher demand for major commodities and enhanced political stability. Russia has great potential both as market and as resource. The biggest strength of Russia is its natural resource wealth which has attracted foreign investor’s attention. Off late Russia has consolidated its influence over Central Asia’s energy resources and has increased its strategic dominance in Europe’s energy markets [7] . METHODOLOGY Statement of the Problem 13. There is an requirement for India to move beyond cosmetic ties and forge cooperation in various fields of trade, technology and defense sector to fuel her economic growth. Hypothesis 14. India has the potential to maximize engagement with other countries in the BRIC forum in fulfilling her aspirations of developing into an major world economic power by 2030. Justification for the Study 15. The significance of emerging Indian

My topic is Behavior Theories of Leadership, Suggestions:: How are leadership and management different from one another? Distinguish among trait, behavioral and contingency theories of leadership. Wha

What are the central tenets and main limitations of behavioral theories of leadership? What is Transactional Leadership?  How does it make a difference in organizations? What is Transformational Leadership? How does it make a difference in organizations? What is Transactional Leadership?  How does it make a difference in organizations? What challenges do we face in understanding leadership? Other things i will explained in chat.

Divisions of Biopsychology

best assignment help Divisions of Biopsychology. Paper details Write a response that answers the following prompts in paragraph form. Chapter one talks about the 6 divisions of biopsychology. List all 6 of the divisions. Which of them interests you the most? Why? What, specifically, does that division study? Do you think this is a career that would suit you? Why or why not? link for book https://www.dropbox.com/s/knj7dwkdmoywcx3/John P.J. Pinel_ Steven J. Barnes – Biopsychology-Pearson (2017).pdf?dl=0Divisions of Biopsychology

Women in Asian Literature in The Tale of Kieu by Du Nguyen and the play The love suicide at Amijima Critical Essay

Women in Asian Literature in The Tale of Kieu by Du Nguyen and the play The love suicide at Amijima Critical Essay. This paper is aimed at examining such works of Asian literature as the epic poem The Tale of Kieu by Du Nguyen and the play The love suicide at Amijima written by Monzaemon Chikamatsu. Both authors explore the experiences of women who cannot take full control of their own lives. In both cases, female protagonists express compassion or kindred feelings toward other women who suffer the misfortunes. Much attention should be paid to the way in which Kieu and Koharu seek and show empathy for other female characters. This is one of the questions that should be analyzed. Furthermore, one should focus on the way in which two characters perceive the life in the world of prostitution. These are the main aspects that should be discussed more closely. On the whole, this analysis can throw light on the worldviews of the protagonists and their attitude toward other people. The theme of compassion plays an important role in Monzaemon Chikamatsu’s play. In particular, the readers learn that Koharu, who has to become prostitute, receives a letter from her lover’s wife, Kamiya Osan1. One can say that Koharu perceives Osan as her kindred spirit. Moreover, she does not want to ruin her family by letting Jihei commit suicide2. This is one of the details that should be taken into account. The main character understands that this woman also has to cope with significant challenges. For instance, Osan is responsible for the education of children and the management of their business. More importantly, according to the existing cultural tradition, she is obliged to remain obedient to her husband. In addition to that, she accepts her status, and her only concern is the preservation of family. She has no right to express discontent. To a great extent, Koharu expresses kindred feeling toward Osan since both of them can be viewed as powerless victims. This is one of the issues that should be considered by the readers of these texts. Similar attitude is displayed by the main character of Du Nguyen’s epic poem. One can say that Kieu also searchers for a person who can understand her experiences. To a great extent, Kieu is attracted to the spirit of the poetess Dam Tien whose beauty and talent were famous. Nevertheless, Dam Tien died at a very young age. When speaking about Dam Tien, Kieu says, ‘in her, perhaps, I’ve found a kindred heart’3. Kieu understands that her beauty and intelligence can also be lost irretrievably. One can argue that the main character searches for Dam Tien’s consolation. This is one of the main issues that can be singled out since it is important for understanding the actions of the protagonist who wants to understand the reasons why she is reduced to the status of a prostitute. This is the question that Kieu desperately wants to answer. Apart from that, it is critical to discuss the way in which the protagonists in these literary works accept and cope with the life in the world of prostitution. It should be kept in mind that Kieu sells herself to a man named Scholar Ma in effort to support her family, in particular her father. So, the main character decided to sacrifice herself. This is one of the main points that can be made. However, he turns out to be the owner of the brothel. Certainly, the main character abhors the very idea of being a prostitute, but she believes that her filial devotion to her family obliges her to accept this fate. This is how the author describes her decision, “She put aside all woes of love and troth – a child first pays the debts of birth and care”4. Moreover, she accepts the fatalistic idea that suffering is an inseparable part of her fate. Moreover, she believes that to some degree, this fate is shared by every women. This is why she says, “How sorrowful is women’s lot. We all partake of woe, our common lot”5. This statement helps Kieu reconcile with the idea that she lives in the world of prostitution in which she is perceived only as an object by males. Yet, the thought that she can eventually “redeem” her father gratifies her6. So, the willingness to sacrifice one’s wellbeing for the sake of others is a part of Kieu’s identity. This is one of the main issues that should be taken into consideration. One should also look at the way in which Monzaemon Chikamatsu explores this theme in his play. Koharu is perfectly aware of the fact that she cannot leave the brothel because she lacks money to redeem herself7. Moreover, her prostitution can be partly explained by the economic necessity because she needs to support her mother. This motive is critical for explaining the actions of the protagonist. So, one can say that the actions of the protagonist may be driven by the same motive which is economic necessity. Nevertheless, there are important distinctions that should be taken into account. Koharu does not want to accept this destiny. This is why she contemplates the thought of suicide8. In this way, she does not want to admit that she cannot take any control of her life. Koharu does not want to reconcile herself with this form of existence because she cannot see any reason why she should be sentenced to be just the object of other people’s desires. This is one of the main distinctions that should be considered. The differences in the behavior of these characters can be explained by other important factors. Kieu believes that her misfortunes can be imposed by some higher power. In particular, she speaks about such a concept as karma which implies that a person’s suffering can be explained his/her misdeeds in the past life. In contrast, Koharu stresses that the idea that she has only one life and there is no reason for her to suffer. This is the main difference between these women. On the whole, these literary works throw light on the experiences of women who are forced to occupy an underprivileged position in the society. Koharu and Kieu tend to express kindred feeling or empathy to other women who have to suffer the misfortunes that they do not deserve. Both of them have to sell themselves into prostitution because they have to care about people who are dear to them. Yet, there are some differences that should not be disregarded. In particular, Kieu can reconcile herself with her fate, while Koharu does not accept the idea that she is doomed to the life in a brothel. This is the main argument that can be put forward. Bibliography Chikamatsu, Monzaemon. The love suicide at Amijima (Shinjū Ten no Amijima): A study of a Japanese domestic tragedy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953. Nguyen, Du. The Tale of Kieu. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983. Footnotes 1 Monzaemon Chikamatsu, The love suicide at Amijima (Shinjū Ten no Amijima): A study of a Japanese domestic tragedy (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953), 75. 2 Chikamatsu, The love suicide at Amijima, 93. 3 Du Nguyen, The Tale of Kieu. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983), 9 4 Nguyen, The Tale of Kieu, 33. 5 Nguyen, The Tale of Kieu, 7. 6 Nguyen, The Tale of Kieu, 33. 7 Chikamatsu, The love suicide at Amijima, 71. 8 Chikamatsu, The love suicide at Amijima, 71. Women in Asian Literature in The Tale of Kieu by Du Nguyen and the play The love suicide at Amijima Critical Essay

The Psychology of Personality: Maya Angelou’s Case Research Paper

Human beings are born without culture and behavior. Consequently, the environment in which a child is brought up highly determines how one behaves. However, people have argued that heredity has a very crucial role to play as regards the behavior of a person. It should be noted that family also plays a vital role in the process socialization of a person as well as personality development. Therefore, developmental psychology has insisted on understanding of various influencing factors when studying development of a person. In this regard, the study of the life of Maya Angelou brings into sight different factors that contributed to her character and personality. On the same note, different theories of personality that has been forwarded by developmental psychologists can be used to explain her behavior. At a very young age, Maya’s parents separated and she was forced to relocate and stay with the grandmother changing her environmental setting. However, Maya was able to get a decent life despite the financial difficulties at the time, thanks to her grandmother who was wise and honest. Unfortunately, Maya had to be taken back to her mother where she was raped and sexually abused (Angelou, 2010). This experience affected her development greatly especially after the death of the person who raped her. Maya kept quiet for five years blaming herself for the misfortunes that befell the man who raped her. There are people who have claimed that this led to Maya’s enhanced ability to listen and observe the environment around her, as well as her astonishing memory (Carducci, 2009). Later on in life, Maya found herself being a parent at a very tender age. This condition compelled her to get involved in various immoral activities including prostitution in order to provide for her baby. On top of that, she was into several relationships in a bid that many will argue was to look for a partner who would assist in bringing up the baby. It should be noted that the push to give her baby a decent life pushed Maya into several careers and helped in making her hardworking besides strengthening her will (Angelou, 2010). Additionally, the love she had for her first husband compelled her to venture into dancing and singing. She was later to dance in different clubs and provide for her child after separating with him. Nevertheless, Maya met professional dancers who influenced her career in dancing. On the same note, she met with good writers both white and black who were very influential in her life as a writer and a producer. Similarly, her encounters with civil rights activities Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, and her involvement in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) were very crucial. These led to her anti-apartheid and Pro-Castro spirit and also her involvement in the fight for the rights of black women. As was earlier stated, some people have argued that there is a possibility of a person inheriting some characters from their genetic lineage. The parents of Maya were hard working given the fact that each of them had more than one occupation. This character is also depicted in Maya whom, from a very tender age, was able to carry out various jobs (Shaffer, 2009). She is also depicted as a go getter who stops at nothing, a characteristic that her paternal grandmother had. This helped to shape Maya’s psychological view of things as well as her approach to life. On the other hand, environmental factors highly impacted the development of Maya. To begin with, her parents separated when she was very young and she had to be raised by her mother. This could be the reason as to why Maya has been unable to maintain any marriage. On the same note, the pressure of providing for her baby highly contributed in the moral decay of Maya to the extent of joining prostitution. Similarly, the rape experience that Maya went through emotionally tormented her as she was unable to even talk for five years. She even talks about it as the most traumatizing part of her life (Bloom, 2001). It is important to note that at various stages of development, a person is compelled to make various adjustments depending on, among other factors, the family issues and social support systems. In Maya’s life, adjustments are evident at various stages. Firstly, Maya had to adjust to being a provider and not a dependant after giving birth. It is important to not that Maya had to raise her child single handedly for a larger part. Consequently, she was forced to take up another face in her development and take care of issues that were going wrong. On the same note, Maya has been in and out of various relationships and this required adjustment in the way one carries out issues in life (Carducci, 2009). Similarly, the separation of her parents and the movement to her grandmother and back to her mother required adjustments in her life. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After keeping quiet for five years, Maya met a teacher at school who encouraged her to get back to her normal life and she started talking again. In addition, the teacher introduced her to renowned writers and thus helped to boost her emotions. On the same note, during her journeys to various parts of the world, Maya was able to meet several people ranging from dancers to writers to civil right activists. These people encouraged her to venture into various careers sometimes when she was not up to the task. Maya’s life may be well explained using the Cognitive-Affective theory of personality. According to this theory, situation has influence on the personality of a person. Therefore, the sociological, psychological and even emotional circumstances that people, including Maya, find themselves in are crucial in shaping their personalities. On the other hand, the theory of Psychological behaviorism also explains Maya’s behavior to a certain extent (Shaffer, 2009). Theory of psychological behaviorism states that personality is as a result of complex internalization of many aspects. The two theories differ in their explanation of personality because while Cognitive-Affective theory ties personality to conditions prevailing at the time, Psychological behaviorism argues that personality is rather static. In this regard, psychological behaviorism is against the idea that situations can actually influence personality of anybody (Carducci, 2009). However, Maya’s story is one of a person who changed her personality in different occasions depending on the factors prevailing (Bloom, 2001). For this reason, the Cognitive-Affective theory is best applicable for Maya’s life. Different people grow in different conditions and thus get socialized in different ways. Therefore, development takes different shapes in every person. It is important to note that environmental factors are as influential as are genetics in the psychological development of a person. On the same note, personality is built over time and shaped depending on the factors people encounter throughout their life. References Angelou, M. (2010). I Know why the Caged Bird Sings. London: Little, Brown Book Group. Bloom, H. (2001). Maya Angelou. New York: InfoBase Publishing. Carducci, B. J. (2009). The Psychological of Personality: Viewpoints, Research, and Applications. Hoboken: John Wiley

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