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Technological advances have transformed the practices of artists. Discuss this statement. Throughout the time periods art has been explored consistently to reach places never been before. With this in mind societal advances have played major influence in the development of modern and contemporary art. As technology develops and enhances in our society artists have the ability to manipulate their artworks with new technologies to reflect the societal change occurring.

Artists ‘Patricia Piccinini’ and ‘Lee Bul’ have both used the conventions of technology and integrated not just the technologically developed materials but also the challenging notions of how technology is viewed by society throughout their artworks. By exploring the natural and the artificial these modern artists confront contemporary society with contemporary art forms changing the concept of what an art object is. Exploring the role of technology in her artworks ‘Patricia Piccinini challenges the audience to contemplate the consequences of scientific intervention in a natural world.

Recognising that technology now plays are crucial role in or contemporary lives – so how technology has played a crucial role in the manipulation and creation of her artworks. Modern futuristic materials used such as silicon, fibreglass, auto paint to engineer her artworks, revealing the technologic era, Patricia Piccinini portrays these engineered artworks technologically using digital media, computer manipulated technology and photography and video.

Merely responding to my world’ Patricia Piccinini confronts the audience with the challenges and issues technology has introduced such as plastic surgery, genetically modified food, IVF programs and stem cell research. As she experiments with her art making forms and practices Piccinini addresses those experiments in technology both scientifically and medically of creations and cloning. The consistent change is an element of Piccinini’s artworks as she takes creatures and reinvents also giving them human like qualities to represent the relationship between artificial and natural and the relationship between humans and technology.

Piccinini’s work ‘The Young Family’ provides the link of portraying grotesque yet, tender and gentle creatures with features of human compassion and how it is contrasted with its manipulation achieved through a computer – an inhuman device, emotionless and technological. Responding to her world however Piccinini addresses the moral and ethical issues with the technological advances of stem cell research and the contrast between diseased and healthy which state the implications which arise.

By fusing digital imaging and integrating knowledge of processes both culturally and scientifically, Piccinini transforms innovations and discoveries. As an audience Piccinini influences us to examine and to contemplate the consequences of scientific and intervention in natural creation through her artworks. Piccinini incorporates the use of different senses as well in her installations bringing forth the notion of what is virtual and reality.

She explores the view of alternate realities – something which technology is currently advancing into through sound and touch interactions in her installations. the Breathing Room’ installation creates illusions of the movement of the walls and floor which is complimented with recordings of breathing. Set in a darkened space, Piccinini employs a variety of media and technologies to portray this. Piccinini uses the media of technologically manipulated forms to best express the ethical issues of the contemporary world and how technology has contributed to this. Artist Lee Bul also expresses her references to society through contemporary gender and cultural issues.

Exploring these issues through the technological world, Lee Bul also uses non-traditional art forms of installations and technologically advanced sculptures to convey her intentions and challenging audiences notion of not just the interpretation of what art is but the conventions of technology. As a postmodern artist Lee Bul tries to stimulate a discourse from her audience. Similar to Piccinini, Lee Bul has used the elements of technology in her art making practise and art form to portray the ethical and moral oncerns within her current culture and also the contemporary society surrounding her.

The notions of how women are portrayed are greatly explored as how they have been portrayed as something simply aesthetic and sexual of commercial feminine beauty. By portraying technology and manipulating advances made in these technologies through her interactive artworks, Lee Bul seeks to reflect how the human body can be perceived as mere shells that have possibilities to be replaced through manufactured versions and new discoveries in technology.

Through engaging the audience interactively through her technological media of art making, Lee Bul also engages her audience to contemplate on society issues of gender and sexuality, focusing on the notions of intimacy, popular culture, class and race. Through these issues Lee Bul essentially working conceptually reveals how popular culture has worked in the supressing of women. Lee Bul’s work ‘Live Forever’ is a compilation of ranging and complex technologies.

The work in itself compiles of elements of sound, video projection, and futuristic vehicle form of design and use of material such as fibreglass. The capsule is a manipulation of technologies revealing the expansion of how technology will grow and develop in the future but fixating and addressing current societal issues – being entertainment and our view of observing and being observed as we sit inside the capsule in a futuristic karaoke machine yet having it displayed outside the pod on projections for public viewers.

In doing this Lee Bul has reversed the conventions of the karaoke entertainment by reversing its nature. The interactive capsule goes beyond the restraints of conventional art by addressing issues of gender stereotype media, entertainment and technology have made more evident in our society, by using these forms of technology in a means to convey this message. By using a range of techniques and forms, Lee Bul interleaves layers of different meanings throughout her works. Through the enhancement of technology, the way in which artworks are formed are completely revolutionized.

These advances in technology allow artists such as Patricia Piccinini and Lee Bul to convey and challenge the audience with new techniques and art making practises that take them away from conventional and traditional art making grabbing audience’s attention and therefore making their statements more powerful. Through the use of technology and definition of what art is has changed as artists have the capability to now have the relationship between artist, artwork and audience through physical interaction.

Select TWO of the following vignettes and in 400-500 words each describe your solution to the problem. Be sure to

Select TWO of the following vignettes and in 400-500 words each describe your solution to the problem. Be sure to answer the questions posed at the end of each vignette as part of your answer. Use APA format. 50 points. 1. The Silent Member. Rose rarely says much in her group. Other members have caringly confronted her about how they were affected by her silence. Rose eventually says, “Everyone in here wants more from me than I am willing to give. It’s not that I am not interested, but I have always been more of a listener than one to speak up. I figure that if I have something to say, I’ll say it, but I don’t want to talk just to hear my voice.” What are some things you might say to Rose? In what ways can she control the group through her silence? Can you think of some strategies for exploring her silence with her that would not lead to her becoming even more silent? 2. Extragroup Socializing. You have become aware that several members are subgrouping outside of the sessions. The core of the problem appears to be that these members are not saying what is on their minds. It is almost as if there is a conspiracy of si­lence among a clique, and it is having a divisive impact on the group. When do you think meetings beyond the regular sessions are counterproductive? What are you likely to do in the situation described above? What are some things you would say to your group if you knew they were socializing outside of the group? 3. The Overly Emotional Person. Scott appears to seize every opportunity he has in the group to ventilate. It appears that he never runs out of personal issues that result in anger, tears, resentment, or some form of catharsis. A couple of other members ap­proach you out of group and tell you they are uncomfortable with Scott’s emotionality, yet they are afraid to confront him because they don’t want to hurt him. Although they felt compassionate for a time, they are now beginning to distrust his continual display of emotion. What would you say to the two members who approached you outside the group with these concerns about Scott? If you felt that Scott’s catharsis was a defense and a form of resistance, how would you work with him in group? 4. A Member Who Engages in Storytelling. Hank says that he feels like leaving the group and not returning again. The mem­bers have just confronted him on what they see as his frustrating pattern of telling endless stories. Some members told Hank that they tuned him out because he tended to lose them in his detailed stories. In a tearful manner, Hank says, “I’m angry at this group! You tell me to be open and honest, and that’s what I’ve been trying to do. I don’t know how to tell you people about my­self other than the way I have been going about it. But when I do tell you about myself, you all jump on my case and tell me I’m out of line by storytelling. Not only am I mad, but that really hurts. So, I feel like just calling it quits.” As a leader, how might you intervene on Hank’s intention to leave the group? Would you want to say anything to the members who confronted Hank about their reactions to his detailed stories? If you were frustrated by Hank’s pattern of telling stories about others in his life, how would this affect your intervention with him and with the other members of the group? How might you work with Hank’s anger and his hurt? What are some things you would hope to teach Hank? 5. Dealing with Dependency. Jessica keeps pressing you as the leader to give her advice on how she should solve her problems. She seems very impatient with feedback from other group members, because she wants your “expert” help. She tells you that in her culture, she has been taught to respect authority and to seek out experts such as yourself for the answers to her problems. In spite of the fact that you have done your best to help members find their own answers, Jessica continues to rely on you for her solutions. Knowing that Jessica has a cultural background that has rein­forced her pattern of seeking solutions from experts, how might you proceed with her? Would you interpret her behavior as dependency? Do you see her behavior as a response to her cultural conditioning, or as a defense? 6. The Person Who Questions Others. Rodney has a consistent pattern of asking others in the group very probing and personal questions. You have attempted to formulate a norm that people avoid asking questions and make statements instead. In spite of your best intentions, Rodney persists in interrogating people and succeeds in interrupting their work. He finally says, “I don’t see what the big deal is about me asking questions. I only ask questions because I’m curious. It’s my way of finding out about people. I don’t see why you all make such a big deal of my questioning people.” What are some ways you might intervene with Rodney? If the group confronts Rodney on his questioning, how would you intervene with them? What are some alternatives you might suggest to Rodney besides asking questions?