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Are Prison Appropriate for Non-Violent Offenders academic essay help Calculus assignment help

Are prison appropriate for non-violent offenders, or should they be given alternative punishment? The United States of America has a higher incarceration rate than any other country in the world. The imprisonment rate in USA is even greater than China’s, India’s and Russia’s incarceration rates combined. Today, we can say (within the margin of error) that out of 100 people in the United States, nearly two are in prison. This increase is mainly attributed to three common factors: mandatory sentencing, non-violent crime incarceration and three strike policies.

Non-violent crimes are prosecuted in state or federal courts and can carry long prison sentences, massive fines, and a social cost that is not easily offset for the incarcerated person, who might eventually become nothing more than a social pariah if effective measures will not be considered Across various cultures, the arguments for imprisoning non-violent criminals as opposed to conferring them alternative punishments has been for centuries an intensely discussed subject and a fervently mediated topic in political, judicial and social endeavors.

Society has often “waxed and waned” leniently on the issue of whether to punish non-violent felons by incarcerating them in jail or by providing alternative means of castigation, thus offering specific treatment (such as, *The FREED Program -see End Note-) with the hope for the rehabilitation and restoration of the aforementioned group of lawbreakers. The purpose of this essay is to provide strong and factual evidence of these alternative punishment methods, in general, and the FREED Program in particular, as being less costly, more effective and a lot more adequate as a deterrent of crime for non-violent offenders.

To attain a clearer understanding of some technical terms like non-violent crime, imprisonment and alternative punishment, it is imperative to first define these words as terms of reference in order to eliminate any confusion. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics non-violent crimes are defined as “… property, drug and public offenses which do not involve a threat of harm or an actual attack upon the victim”. This can range from drug use to white-collar crime like larceny to theft, consumer fraud, DUI, bribery, corruption, smuggling, media piracy and embezzlement.

The term “prison” has had different meanings and served different purposes with the passing of time. According to Wikipedia “… for most of history, imprisoning has not been a punishment in itself, but rather a way to confine criminals until corporal or capital punishment was administered. In the old times, prisons used to be called “dungeons” and were used to temporarily hold prisoners; those who were not killed or left to die in dungeons often became galley slaves. In other cases, debtors were frequently cast into debtor’s dungeons, until they paid their jailers enough money as a trade for a limited degree of freedom. Historically, incarceration ranged from social banishment to hopeless waiting on the death row, while financial ruin, torture and exile were occasionally part of “the procedure”, as well. However, that view of prison has changed, beginning in the 19th century, in London, along with the revolutionary views of Jeremy Bentham about what is known today as “modern prison” as commonplace. In today’s politically correct environment, (except for the prisons where “waiting on the Death Row” is an ongoing procedure), a prison does not serve its original purpose anymore, failing to operate as a deterrent against crime.

Some of the prisons today serve rather as entertainment facilities, providing inmates with three full meals a day, a warm bed, recreational areas where they can watch TV and play around the pool table. Furthermore, they are being provided with a gym, access to an exercise yard to keep them in shape, libraries where they can choose to read whatever book they want, having had at their disposal religious and psychological counseling along with hospital facilities, based on their declared needs.

No wonder that even homeless people every once in a while “are tempted to trade their status” for that of an inmate, in state or federal prisons. On the other hand, as an alternative to incarceration, there are a variety of Intermediate or Alternative Programs, such as, Community Controlled Programs, Rehabilitation Programs, Drug Courts, Halfway Homes Programs, Restitution Programs, Educational Programs and The FREED Program, mainly designed to instill accountability in a felon, ultimately deterring the lawbreaker from the eventuality to commit or recommit another crime.

There are three main reasons that are strongly supported by those in the Judicial System (but not only), who consider Imprisonment as the most effective and suitable form of punishment for both violent and non-violent criminals. First and foremost, there are those who support imprisonment simply because “it is the right thing to do”, they say, severely punishing non-violent offenders for the sake of punishment and to satisfy their “upright vindictive appetite. These people claim with some sort of impunity and self righteousness: “Those malevolent lawbreakers choose to break the law and they should be punished according to the provisions provided by the law. ” They would also say that failure to prosecute criminals and hold the violators accountable by imprisoning them encourage the crime and condones the abuses, while creating a climate that will facilitate crime repetition.

In their opinion, crime stories would be shorter only if the imposed penal sentences for both non-violent and violent felons were longer. However, most of the proponents of the incarceration punishment act solely out of their retaliatory and vengeful desire to punish non-violent offenders, rather than trying to understand that beyond the surface, prison inmates are being provided with an inimical charged atmosphere in which negative attitude and behavioral misfeasance is more likely to flourish.

With regard to their argument, I would like to counter by pointing out two factual truths that according to the FREED Program, are obvious and undeniable: 1) Nobody should ever be punished for the sake of punishment alone, for the simple reason that this unfit custom will never bring forth the fruits of repentance for his/her behavior, thus restoring that person form his/her irresponsible conduct. ) Due to the level of comfort in prisons, crime has become almost a survival technique for some folks, and if we ever want them to reintegrate in society, living their lives in accordance to ethical and societal norms, we should rather focus on more effective, intermediate alternative punishment programs

Community prosecution stresses the need for the prosecutor to reach out to the community, but what does “community” mean?

Community prosecution stresses the need for the prosecutor to reach out to the community, but what does “community” mean?.

1.Community prosecution stresses the need for the prosecutor to reach out to the community, but what does “community” mean? Is the reform based on a naive assumption that all members of the same geographic entity share the same views? How might different communities within the same city (or perhaps county) stress different law-enforcement priorities?

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