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Are pay for performance plans or incentives plans needed

Are pay for performance plans or incentives plans needed. First and foremost, pay-for-performance plans are different to a set of salary. It is a method of compensation where the employees are paid based on their performance. Employers normally provide incentives to workers based on the work performance. The efficacy of pay-for-performance plan is it is able to be use to motivate employees. Although Kevin Sandler, 2010, had argued that sometimes the virtue of incentives plans are uncertainty, it is costly for company to implementing or unexpected problems may occurs. It will be time consumed and effort for company to search or design for suitable incentives plans. However, its contribution should not be neglect. There have several advantages of pay-for-performance plans and incentives plans for both employers and employees. The foremost contribution of Pay-for-performance is it can increase the motivation of employee in their work performance. It motivates employees to put more effort because the extra compensation is given to those employees who perform above the expected standard. When an employee is compensated based on their performance, he will be more likely to work effectively in order to increase their income. In other words, the opportunity for employees to earn a desired income can stimulate employees do one’s level best on their task. Other than that, pay-for-performance plans provide unlimited compensation to the workers; especially it is beneficial to those talent salespersons that are works effectively. They may be able to earn a substantial income than those workers who are paid for a set of salary since they are paid based on the volume of sales. Not only that, it also able to increase the employee’s productivity. Based the employer perspective, due to the desire of employees to achieve their income goal, they strive to increase their productivity. It might result in high productivity from fewer workers. This can beneficial to employers with reducing in employer’s labor cost. It can also lead to better retention. With the high-achieving in performance, those employees who satisfy their income as well as work environment will be more likely to maintain and stay in the company. Other than that, they can help company to attain a certain level of prestige and respect from their performance. Beside, by establishing group incentives plans can encourage team cooperation because the paid is based on the result that accomplishing by a team group. It is needed for them to work together to achieving the goals. (Mattchew, 2030) In practice, pay-for-performance helps leads to a win-win situation. In other words, it means that the employers can enjoy the benefits of improved performance of their business as well as the employees can feast on the increased compensation as a result of their hard work. (Zimbelman. K, 1997) Pay for performance creates a clear concept that enables employees to priorities their task. So, workers can keep track on their work. Before paying management beyond a base amount, bonus pay ensures a minimum level of financial performance. Besides, this pay-for-performance plans enable the employer to share the rewards to those employees which most responsible for attaining the aim of results. It also helps employers to setting clear standards of performance and giving the authorities to the management to handle the details. Base on the research of Rogan. P, 2009, there are three big benefits of implementing Pay for Performance System. This system helps managers to develop leadership skills by subjecting all the managers in different department to the roundtable process of objectively discussing employment performance. Secondly, Rogan had found that by using pay-for-performance system, employees are likely to drive the career pathing conversation with their managers. It helps in coincides the managers and employees of the variety of development ideas to ensure the employee reach mutually agreed upon career growth goals. Besides, this system gives a clear notion to employees that compensation will be linked to performance. It enables employees to understand that incentive is created for realistic goal setting, feedback requests and a formal performance discussion. Pay-for-performance plan also provides the opportunity to develop employees who are underperforming. Employers should not use this plans only as a measuring tool for an employee’s production, it can being used to take into consideration when an employee is misses out a simple attained incentives payment. It might be the employees are not qualified to perform the job or they are needed for better training. Thus, Root. G N, 2010, stated that manager should not think that the employee is not motivated, it may be involved other factors that is needed to be noticed on worker as well as company. Incentives Strategy in Application When a company want to motivate it employees by offering them compensation for excellent performance, it is called incentives plans. The course of implementing incentives system is to influence the behavior of employees as well as motivate pro-poor action in order to develop outcomes. It is critical for develop the capacity as it assisting the employees to do their best in performing their function. (UNDP, 2006) Incentives for individual motivation Salaries, intangible rewards, benefits, recognition are the common examples of incentives that being used to motivate employees to improve their performance. Normally, incentives are divided into two forms which are financial incentives or non-financial incentives. Financial incentives include salary, bonuses, pension, meal, clothes or housing is needed to make a distinction between a proper level of pay and special incentives. Whereas non-financial incentives can be comes in many different forms such as travel, gifts and some intangible incentives which also includes work flexibility, possibility of advancement and independence of work. It normally recognized as a function of psychological process. On the other hands, there is also a distinction between formal and informal incentives. Salary scales and staff entitlements are the examples of formal incentives whereas informal incentives represent channels reaping personal benefits through corrupt practices or patronage. Motivators may be positive and/or negative. Rather than investing new incentives, it is more important in reducing perverse incentives that favor non-conducive behavior. Incentives for organizational motivations Incentive plans are essential in organizational motivation and it is also chief in assisting in analyze the understanding of the force that drive the organization. It is useful in analyzing how an organization treat its employees in rewarding and punishing him as well as the reason for staff to join an organization. A perfect organization incentives system is able to stimulate employees to be creative and innovative in improving their performance. It is hard to deny that, incentives system can be encourage or discourage employee and the behavior of work group. Thus, organizational is needed to continually investigate the method to ensure their employees are committed to their task given. No matter it is based on perception or reality, organizational incentive systems have a real influence on the performance of employees that will directly affect organization overall performance. Incentives for societal motivation Suppose the pervasive structural incentives and motivators are located at the social level, the investment climate, and security, rule of law, civil service pay or legislation are conducive to civic engagement. The possibility to achieve its purpose is depends on the adequately resourced as well as the way it is resourced under prevailing rules. The values of many of the above are directly derivate in the prevailing Governance systems. Firstly, it includes democracy and a rights-based approach to development. It is needed to have the rule of law and accurate legal system, if not there will be no incentive mechanisms or external interventions for capacity development bear results. A vibrant civil society able to deepen democracy, bolster support for the protection of human rights and further check the misuse of incentive mechanisms. Read more: The Advantages of Pay for Performance Plans | R G N, Are pay for performance plans or incentives plans needed
Case: A patient had surgery and the nurse-anesthetist administered the anesthesia. The patient subsequently arrested and died while under anesthesia. An investigation concluded that the patient was not receiving the needed amount of oxygen and the nurse-anesthetist missed the changes in the vital signs until the patient was close to cardiac arrest. The surgeon initially had assisted in positioning the patient and had helped to administer some of the initial anesthetic. Instructions: Write an analysis of the situation and argue whether the doctrine of “respondeat superior” would cause the surgeon to have vicarious liability for the patient’s death. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines. Neither an abstract or title page is required. See syllabus for more details on required length and format for case study analyses.
Choose ONE topic below, and write 3 pages (typed, double space) in essay form that answers the question fully..

Choose ONE topic below, and write 3 pages (typed, double space) in essay form that answers the question fully. may use sources, and the paper must be in MLA format with a works cited page.1) Discuss the differences between the power of Women and the power of Men in MEDEA. What is virtuous or sleazy about Jason? What specifically has he done wrong? What motivates Jason? Note that he only refers to their children as his. Is Medea justified in her revenge?2) MEDEA is still one of the most controversial plays ever written, with its powerful evocations of women’s rights and Medea’s choice of infanticide. Consider carefully what you think of its awesome heroine. Pay close attention to how and when she comes to decide to kill her children. Consider her reasoning and note when she wavers.4) Throughout Shakespeare’s HAMLET, , Hamlet claims to be feigning madness, but his portrayal of a madman is so intense and so convincing that many readers believe that Hamlet actually slips into insanity at certain moments in the play. Do you think this is true, or is Hamlet merely play-acting insanity? What evidence can you cite for either claim?5) Think about Hamlet’s relationship with Ophelia. Does he love her? Does he stop loving her? Did he ever love her? What evidence can you find in the play to support your opinion?6) Suicide is an important theme in Hamlet. Discuss how the play treats the idea of suicide morally, religiously, and aesthetically, with particular attention to Hamlet’s two important statements about suicide: the “O, that this too too solid flesh would melt” soliloquy (I.ii.129–158) and the “To be, or not to be” soliloquy (III.i.56–88). Why does Hamlet believe that, although capable of suicide, most human beings choose to live, despite the cruelty, pain, and injustice of the world?7) Critical reception to A Raisin in the Sun was not all positive when the play first came out. One of the major points of contention was that the play was pro-integration. Some segments of the African-American community felt that integration actually was not the end-all answer to America’s race problem. Discuss the ways in which the idea of integration is presented throughout the play. Is Hansberry’s presentation one-sided, or does she raise issues relevant to both viewpoints?Specifics:1) cite it in MLA format2) use quotation marks around quoted passages, and document all sources properly.3) mention the title of the play you are discussing in the INTRO, not just the title.
Choose ONE topic below, and write 3 pages (typed, double space) in essay form that answers the question fully.

Cypress College Research Essay Topic Proposal Discussion

Cypress College Research Essay Topic Proposal Discussion.

Discussion Portion: In this discussion post, share your Analytical/ Research Essay proposed topics and briefly explain why you chose to pursue this particular topic. 
First, read the Analytical/ Research Essay Prompt carefully (I posted the prompt in this week’s module). 
Then choose a text and, if you wish, a TED Talk we have already read/ watched in our online Canvas course. 
After you chose a text (and a TED Talk), use it as a foundation to create your topic (a direction you are going to take) for this essay. You may want to ask questions about the text; think of something that the text touched on briefly, but you would like to explore more in-depth; pick out an aspect of the text you would like to research, etc. 
Then post your discussion. Use it as a platform for you to brainstorm your topic for your first essay and share with your classmates, ask question, share ideas, and suggest possible directions for this topic. In this discussion post, include your research question (the question that you are going to be using as a guide for your research for this Analytical/ Research Essay). For more directions on how to compose your research question, see my lecture titled Strategies for Composing Research Questions that I posted in this week’s module. 
Then respond to two of your classmates’ discussion posts, giving them feedback/ asking questions/ giving suggestions/ or proposing ideas. 
Length of your post, at least one well-developed  paragraph.  
Essay Portion: The Assignment: This is your first opportunity to start working with your topic and begin putting all of the wonderful ideas about your topic into organized sections of this topic proposal. It is also a way for you to find out if you are passionate about your chosen topic and if you see yourself committing the rest of the semester to work with it.
? Compose a paragraph (5-7 sentences) as a response to each of the sections
? Use directions included in each section to guide you in the composition of your proposal
? Type and single space the final draft of your topic proposal
Sections of Your Topic Proposal: 
Title-in-Progress (no need to write a paragraph for this one!): Create your own working title but keep in mind that you may change your mind about the title as you develop your project.
Purpose: Explain what you hope your research will show. Use this space to create questions about your top-ic or an aspect of your topic and use these questions to guide you through the research process. State your questions before you begin your research, so as you proceed with examining potential sources, you will be looking for answers to these questions instead of focusing on your topic.
Background: Elaborate on your interest in and experience with this topic. Describe any previous research you have conducted on this or any other related topics, any classes you have taken or reading you have done in the field that would help you to proceed with your research. You may also include personal experience.
Significance: Explain why this topic is worth considering, or this question or a series of questions worth an-swering. Why should your instructor let you select this topic? What do you hope to learn from it? What do you hope to learn after completing this research project? What will this new knowledge add to the field of knowledge that already exists on the topic? What new perspectives would you bring on the topic? What use might your final research paper have for others in this field or in the general public? Who you might decide to share your findings with once the research is complete?
Research Question: What is your research question that you plan on using as you compose this Analytical/ Research Essay? 
Methodology: Explain how you will conduct this research in as much detail as possible. If you will consult other experts in the field that you have chosen for your research, examine what the role they would serve and how you hope they would enhance your development of an appropriate methodology for this project. Discuss the kinds of sources you hope to consult and the methods you will use to extract and process the information you gather in as much detail as it is possible at this stage.
Anticipated Problems: Describe the problems you expect to encounter (such as lack of data, experts unavailable for interviews, difficulty gathering sources, etc.) as you move forward with your research project and how you are going to solve them.

Here are a few options for the readings:
Ted Talks

student 1) For the analytical/research essay I chose to write about sustainability and the reasons why we should focus living a more sustainable lifestyle. For starters there are many ways we can become more sustainable, and it could be as simple as recycling, buying local produce, avoiding plastic waste, and lastly, I’d be focusing more on the reasons why people should shift to a more plant-based diet. I will be using “Why Bother?” by Michael Pollan as a foundation for my topic. I will expand my reasonings of why I think more people should eat more plant-based meals by using climate-change evidence to support my claim. Then I also plan on incorporating Jack Sinclair’s TED Talk “Feeding the Future” and I will also include Stephen Palumbi’s TED Talk “Hidden toxins in the fish we eat” to support my argument.
student 2) I chose the article “Why Bother?’ and the TED Talk “A Guerrilla Gardener in South Central LA” by Ron Finley. I want to research the obesity rates in Los Angeles cities. Why are some parts of Los Angeles County higher in obesity rates than other parts of Los Angeles County? Why aren’t more people shopping at farmers’ markets or growing their own gardens? Is this a lack of knowledge or a lack of access to these options? If there is more access to these options would these obesity rates drop? Would they even bother shopping? I believe people should have more access to healthier options when buying food and without the temptation of unhealthy options just because they’re easily accessible and more affordable.
Cypress College Research Essay Topic Proposal Discussion

Renton Technical College Medicare Data Pivot Tables & Charts Worksheet

essay writing help Renton Technical College Medicare Data Pivot Tables & Charts Worksheet.

I’m working on a other spreadsheet and need a sample draft to help me study.

Explore the Medicare Data website – see: this assignment, you will want to select one of the datasets to download, and then use that dataset to make two different Excel pivot tables and charts. After reviewing the data, you will consider what makes a good chart. Make sure to provide a descriptive chart title and axis labels for each chart. Each pivot chart should be on a separate worksheet tab in your Excel file.Provide one sentence that sums up the key point as shown in the chart.
Renton Technical College Medicare Data Pivot Tables & Charts Worksheet

SDSU New England Middle and Southern Colonies Discussion

SDSU New England Middle and Southern Colonies Discussion.

Please construct a thoughtful 400-500 word main response addresses the questions posed in my prompt. You should spell check, edit for grammar, include quotes or paraphrased examples from the provided readings (cites of course in your personal favorite MLA, APA, or Chicago style)Discuss the differences and similarities between the Middle Colonies , those of New England, and the Southern colonies . Do you think we could have had a religious civil war (with of course political and economic issues as well) in America after the Revolutionary war? Why or why not, and what may have prevented one from happening. Please sure to read the following attached to answer
SDSU New England Middle and Southern Colonies Discussion

Pragmatics in Political News Research Paper

Pragmatics in Political News Research Paper. Introduction Media is one of the most powerful political tool that has been used by various political groupings to pass distorted information to the unsuspecting audience. According to Locher and Graham (2010), media has the role of educating, informing, and entertaining the public. This scholar notes that media has done well on its role of entertaining and educating the public. However, its role to educate the public has been abused by selfish interests of a few aristocrats in the society. Most of the news agencies across the world are for profit organization that depend on the earnings from advertisements in order to remain operational. This is the main reason as to why these agencies have failed to live up to their expectations as authoritative and independent reporters of what is taking place in the society. It has allowed those with capacity to buy their airtime take control of what they present to the public. News presented by these agencies are always coined in a manner that would convince the public to believe in a given issue irrespective of the truth it holds. This explains why two or three different news agencies would report on a given issue from two different perspectives. This critical discourse analysis would be focused on the Egyptian revolution, and how Aljazeera, Al-Arabiya, and CNN reported on various incidents during this revolution. Critical Discourse Analysis According to Lilleker (2006), reporters have strong influence on the perception that the audience would have during, and after listening to news. Diction plays an important role during the process of editing given news report before it is released to the public. Besides the intention to inform the public about different events in the society, the editors are always focused on influencing public idea through their reporting. As Stanyer (2001) notes, reporters and their editors have been keen on their linguistic levels such as syntax, lexis, pragmatics, and semantics when presenting a given piece of information. A given incident can be described from different perspectives in order to arouse different reactions from the readers or listeners. Stanyer (2001) says that the function of critical discourse analysis, “Is to seek to reveal how texts are constructed so that particular (and potentially indoctrinating) perspectives can be expressed delicately and covertly.” In this analysis, it would be interesting to understand the role that was played by different media stations during the Arab Uprising in Egypt. According to Lilleker (2006), the Egyptian revolution was largely influenced by the media. In fact this scholar says that this was a media revolution. People used both the social and mass media to enlighten one another and to motivate everyone to participate in the revolution in different ways. It would be necessary to understand that when the uprising began, it was seen as a unified fight of the Egyptians against the dictatorial rule of Hosni Mubarak. When Mohammed Morsi took power, another uprising emerged, and he was forced out of power. This time round, there were conflicting reactions from the members of the public during the revolution. This could only mean that this society had been subjected to conflicting ideologies from different corridors of power. Media has played a major role in this. At this stage, it would be important to analyze how the three media stations reported on an incident that took place during the revolution, and what they intended to achieve through their reports. The research will analyze the reports made by Aljazeera, Al-Arabiya, and CNN when Morsi was ousted by the military. Al-Arabiya It would be necessary to understand the background information about this firm in order to be able to appreciate their motivation in taking a particular approach of reporting. Al Arabiya is a television news broadcaster owned by King Fahd of Saudi Arabia. The Saudi government has been considered to be having special interest in this country’s leadership. The country has therefore been keen on monitoring the trend taken by the revolution. This television broadcaster has considered Al Jazeera as its main rival in this industry. In fact Stanyer (2001) notes that it was started to counter the effect of Al Jazeera in this region. Below was its heading and a few lines of the story they aired following the ouster of Morsi by the military. Why Egypt’s revolution continues “It has been more than two years since Egyptians went to Tahrir Square – and almost a year since they elected their first post-Mubarak president. The revolution, yet, that they called for is unfulfilled” (Hellyer, 2013). It would be important to analyze this heading, the lead, and the structure of the short paragraph identified above. The headline Why Egypt’s revolution continues: the heading in this news clearly shows that the revolution in Egypt is still in progress. The choice of words in this heading leaves no doubt as to the position of the reporter and the editor on the Egyptian revolution. The statement emphasizes to the audience the fact that the revolution is still on. As per this heading, it is a common knowledge to the audience that the revolution is still on, therefore, it is only seeking to provide reasons why this revolution is one. This heading shows that the reporter and the editor believes that this revolution is justifiable enough, and this is confirmed in the first few lead sentences in this story. The lead The first few sentences in this report shows that the reporter is dissatisfied with what has been achieved by the regime that took power after the ouster of Hosni Mubarak. Two years is a very short time to have a complete change of socio-political and economic environment of a country that had been under dictatorial rule for over half a century. However, this sentence shows that two years was enough for this regime to make necessary changes. Pragmatically speaking, this news is meant to convince the audience that the government of Morsi has been given opportunity to transform this country but it failed. He points out that this is a justifiable reason to make the Egyptians continue with the revolution. The second sentence makes it clear that the Egyptians have not fulfilled the spirit of the revolution they started. Story structure The communication content in this news is so clear in making the audience believe that no gains have been made in restoring democratic rule in this country. The high agitation tone that this news carries is an indication that the society should press on with their revolution because it is justifiable to go on with the fight. A viewer who listens to this news and takes its literal meaning as presented would be critical of the regime that was headed by Morsi. As Stanyer (2001) notes, the problem that makes news agencies very powerful is that people rarely takes time to analyze the information presented to them, especially if it comes from large ‘trusted’ news agencies. This means that the critical approach taken by this news agency will be taken in its literal meaning by the audience. However, a critical look at the content and the manner in which this story was presented shows a lot of bias, and a clear indication that the message carried to the audience must have been the view of the owners of the company which has been very critical of Morsi’s leadership. They had an opportunity, through this news agency, to urge Egyptian to reject Morsi’s leadership by painting him as a failure who was given a chance to change the society but failed. In order to understand the bias in this newscast, it would be necessary to analyze how a different newsroom presented the same information. Al Jazeera Al Jazeera is a Qatari based television channel with its headquarters in Doha, Qatar (Mey, 2009). Al Jazeera was started in 1996 as an independent voice of the Arabs, after BBC Arabic language was closed. The main focus was to be the mirror that reflects the true image of the Arab World in order to fight the terrorism tag that the West had labeled against the people of Middle East. This role has been changing with the changes taking place in the society. It has become a worldwide news agency that reports on various issues other than narrowing its focus on the activities of the Arab World. A section of the society has criticized it, saying that it has been infiltrated by the West despite the loyalty it received from the Arabs. Egypt’s revolution: Dead or alive? “As polarized crowds dominate political discourse in Egypt – on one end, those who support the military, and on the other, backers of deposed president Mohamed Morsi – a middle ground is mourning the loss of a dream.” (Parvaz, 2013). The headline The Al Jazeera headline is very different from the headline given by Al Arabiya over the same incident. Al Jazeera paints a grim picture of the relevance of this war to the people of this society. From a literal view, one would say that the reporter is doubtful on whether the revolution is dead or alive. However, Mey (2009) says that news agencies are rarely doubtful of what they present. At times they may use words that show doubt, but a keen analysis of their message will show their stance in such confusing environment. The syntax, lexis, pragmatics, and semantics in this headline and the introductory part of their news shows that they have a position over the issue of whether the revolution is alive or dead. It would be important to note that the headline says, ‘Dead or alive’ and not ‘Alive or dead.’ The two will portray two different position. The former shows more emphasis on death, while the latter emphasizes on life. To this reporter, the revolution is dead, but he leaves a little room for doubt. The lead The first few lines that have been used in this newscast strongly supports the argument that the revolution is dead. The news starts by describing two polarized groups dominating the political discourse in this country, with one section supporting the military, and the other backing the deposed president. It would be necessary to compare how the two newsrooms are talking about one person in the name of Mohamed Morsi. While Al Arabiya calls him Morsi, Al Jazeera refers to him as the disposed president Mohamed Morsi (Parvaz, 2013). Al Jazeera appreciates that he is the president. The next sentence notes that the middle group- which as presented as the genuine heroes of this country in the fight for liberation- are moaning for the lost dream. The dream is lost because President Morsi has been disposed out of his throne. Story structure The story structure clearly indicates that the reporter, and this news agency in general, is in support of the ousted President Mohamed Morsi. It considers the current revolution a failure by the members of the Egyptian society to recognize a true sign of freedom in this country. Cable Network News (CNN) CNN is an American news broadcaster with its headquarters in Atlanta, New York, in the United States. The station has always been regarded to carry the views of the Americans. In the past, it has been very critical of the dictatorial rule in the Arab World. Egypt and the death of liberalism In Egypt prominent liberals are now supporting a military-backed government overseeing a resurgence of post-Mubarak authoritarianism (Kotb, 2013). The headline The headline made by CNN is very different from that of Al Arabiya, but closely resembles that of Al Jazeera, only that it is more authoritative. While Al Jazeera gave the audience the room to think whether the revolution was dead or alive, CNN makes it clear that liberalism in this country is dead. The news headline gives the impression that the fight for liberation that has persisted for years in this country has gone down the drain. Although protesters are still in the streets, liberalism is dead in Egypt. The lead The lead statement suggests very strongly that those who were seen to fight for liberalism in this country are now supporting the authoritarian rule of the military. It would be necessary to once again understand the syntax used in this introductory part. The report is very careful with his choice of words. He describes the military rule as ‘authoritarian’, something that the society was determined to fight. Story structure The structure of this story leaves no doubt that this television channel is critical of the military leadership that ousted President Morsi. Just as it has been in the past, CNN remains critical of the authoritarian rule by the military, and strongly suggest that liberalism has died in this country because its supporters are now backing the military rule. Conclusion Media has remained a powerful tool that is used to influence the society towards specific issues. Members of the society depend on media to educate, inform, and entertain them. Those who are in power have taken advantage of this to press their personal interest using the media. The different approach in which the revolution in Egypt was reported is a clear indication of this. The three television networks analyzed reported on the same issue from different perspectives, giving out different opinions based on their financiers’ view on the issue. Reference Hellyer, A. (2013). Why Egypt’s revolution continues. Al Arabiya. Web. Kotb, A. (2013). Egypt and the Death of Liberalism. CNN. Web. Lilleker, D. G. (2006). Key concepts in political communication. London: Sage. Locher, A.,Pragmatics in Political News Research Paper