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Aptitude Tests at an Electronic Corporation Do you see any problems…

Aptitude Tests at an Electronic Corporation Do you see any problems…. There are many problems with the way the company’s testing program is being managed. Firstly, this electronics plant in Midland, Ontario uses invalid aptitude tests for their selection process. By definition, aptitude tests measure a person’s capacity to learn or acquire skills. Clearly, these new employees see no relationship between the aptitude tests and their jobs. Employees see that these tests do not measure their ability to learn or obtain skills. For instance, one test shows applicants had to move small metal pegs from holes on one side of a board to holes on the other side with their hands as fast as they could. After all, this aptitude test can possibly test the person’s speed or productivity, but it has no correlation within the job field. In fact, this aptitude test is more of a competition than measuring skills. That is to say, employees are not learning any skills from it; but rather, they are using it to race with each other. In another test, employees were shown pictures of two cows. They had to decide which cow would be easier to see from an airplane: the white or spotted cow. Obviously, it will be difficult to see a cow from an airplane. In fact, this aptitude test cannot be answered because it depends on how far one is from the ground to see the cow. This test is vague and there is no correlation between the working fields again. Moreover, 80 percent of employees failed this cow test in one testing session. They probably had no sense of guidance or instruction for this aptitude test from the manager. Taken together, then, both of these aptitude tests should be tested for validity. They clearly lack validity because people with little working experience are passing these aptitude tests. Specifically, more instructions and guidance should be provided for a clear understanding. On the other hand, failing these tests can affect the motivational state of workers, thus, affecting their self-esteem and confidence. That is to say, workers may have become discouraged and potentially not have the confidence to strive for new jobs. In a sense, fairness was also being diminished by the aptitude tests; there was inequity arising from these aptitude tests. Moreover, if the employees failed these tests, they felt rejected from higher-paying and more desirable jobs. Employees cannot further advance their skills and abilities due to the failure of these aptitude tests while other employees with little working experience can continue getting a demanding job and higher pay. This aptitude test prevents newly hired employees from developing their career. Furthermore, experienced workers are being laid off by new hires for less pay. Where do the experienced workers go for a job? Are new hires satisfied being paid less pay? Certainly, inequity is being portrayed. It is important to note these aptitude tests represent the multiple hurdle model, which shows the employees with highest test scores go on to the next level, thereby establishing inequity. Whoever moves the pegs fastest from holes on one side of a board to holes on the other side will proceed to the next level of the job. What happens to the other employees? In addition, these aptitude tests did lack criterion related validity. Employees did not have the vital information to do their job. Criterion related validity must contain vital information related to the job, the cow or moving pegs test did not. As well, it should have content validity, which shows that the aptitude tests, mainly questions should substantially have the significant job elements. Content validity measures an employee’s job knowledge. It is based on the job description of the job. Content validity should be displayed in the test and the questions in order to deal with important job elements. Lastly, the reason for aptitude tests is to discriminate against people. As you know, employees in this electronics plant are being discriminated. There discrimination is being carried out among educated and non-educated employees. More specifically, the aptitude tests were to discriminate older workers with less formal education. Older workers would have probably failed these aptitude tests due to lacking knowledge and skills, while someone who had post-secondary education had a higher chance in being successful for the aptitude test. However, the newly hired workers end up getting the experienced workers jobs because they can probably work overtime, on holidays, work 40 hour a week and can work for less pay which was represented in this electronics company. These new hires are often referred to as “blue collar workers.” In the case of this electronics company, the older people were being replaced in that while they had the experience, they failed the tests. Furthermore, these aptitude tests should be replaced by a feasible solution. Suggest how the program might be modified. This program can be modified in many ways. Modifying the selection process would be a start. Simply modifying the aptitude test questions would be beneficial for this electronic company as it would clarify the confusion faced by new employees. The aptitude tests must have content validity. Content validity shows to prove a test measures what it is supposed to measure. The test with the question ought to deal with the job duties and description. For example, “how to build an electronic circuit?” may have shown content validity because it is related to the electronic field. Clearly, the cow test had no relationship with the job; certainly it must have been humiliating for the employees. This test should have included content validity, which means that the test and the questions deal with imperative job essentials. Ideally, this aptitude test should have been related to electronics. With manual dexterity, these employees should have been given the opportunity to work with electronics or building electronics with their hands. Moving small metal pegs from holes on one side of a board to holes on the other side is not a viable test because it is not related to the field of the job once again. Clearly, content validity should be used for these aptitude tests. In addition, each aptitude test should include criterion-related validity, which will guide employees during the test. Each aptitude test should contain information essential to the job. Criterion-related validity helps measure the capacity of job knowledge. The questions will help determine if the employee can do the job properly or improperly. It will also determine if this employee has the experience to perform the task in the electronics field. Another way to modify this selection process is using achievement tests. Although, achievement tests measures what a person can do now, using them will also help the manager decide to hire the best employees. Employees with little plant experience will be possibly being eliminated from this electronics company due to the results of the achievement test. The best employees will be the most productive, when taking achievement tests. Perhaps another solution, managers can use cognitive ability tests which measures mental capabilities including general intelligence, verbal fluency and other abilities. Surely, this can increase the validity of this test. This test will help the manager to determine if the new employee has the potential to answer job-related problems by using their general intelligence. It also predicts the employee’s job performance. Of course, these aptitude tests should be modified to avoid discrimination. A set of aptitude tests should have been set aside for older workers since they lacked formal education. Perhaps, instead, offering the older workers a physical ability test which is becoming popular in today’s workforce. These tests must be modified to the circumstance of men and women with regards to measuring their physical capabilities, which includes coordination, manual dexterity, and equilibrium. The older workers in this company were the experienced workers, so they lacked the formal education but had the experience. So, developing something to build or perform with manual dexterity with relation to electronics would have been a solution for the older employees. Finally, work samples will help managers know if employees can perform the task which is related to the work. For example, building an electronic or fixing an electronic. This type of test certainly does display content validity. It shows equity and can be acceptable to all employees. Moreover, it also determines if employee can perform the job correctly. Work sample tests help newly hired employees know what to expect in this job when hired. In conclusion, managers need to ensure these selection procedures along with these employments tests are appropriately validated for the job positions. The union is fighting to eliminate the testing. On what grounds could the union base its arguments? Certainly, the union should argue to eliminate the testing. This would be based, among others, on the fact that the design of these aptitude tests was inadequate and lacked validity. Newly hired employees looking for a job are failing these tests. 80 percent of employees failed the cow test in one testing session. Very few with little plant experience are passing these aptitude tests. Is it reliable for a company to hire employees with little plant experience? Certainly, there is some danger to the company. Do these tests measure the employee’s capacity to learn or acquire skills? No, none of these aptitude tests talk or relate to electronics. Obviously, there is no correlation between these aptitude tests and the job field. Two of these aptitude tests already had no relation with electronics, the cow and moving pegs tests which caused uncertainty among employees. These aptitude tests seem to test the employees’ problem-solving and flexible-thinking skills but lack the knowledge and skills related to the electronics field. Clearly, there is no benefit for the employees in doing these tests because it will not help them with their career. These aptitudes tests appear random and indistinct. There may be more than one answer to a question in these tests. In addition, the union should argue to eliminate the testing because it affects the motivational state of employees and brings about discouragement. New employees may feel depressed after failing the tests. Possibly, the union should argue/ask: why are employees with little plant experience and less seniority passing the aptitude tests and why can’t a newly hired employee who has decent education and experience pass the test? Undoubtedly, employees have the skills and knowledge for the opening position, but probably not for these aptitude tests. How do these newly hired employees prepare for them? It is impossible because the questions are random on these tests. The managers of this company are not following the job descriptions which evaluate the job knowledge and skills needed for a position. Make the aptitude test clear as possibly by following strict guidelines towards job description and the job requirements of the hiring position. As managers, it is their obligation to make newly hired employees comfortable when writing the tests and there should be “no surprises”. Also, the union should fight to eliminate the testing because there is lack of equity. New hires are working for less pay which would certainly affect their motivational state. Why should the experienced workers be laid off? They are the ones with experience and have the knowledge and skills to perform the duty while a newly hired employee may need some training and guidance when hired. Surely, these tests are being discriminatory to the older people because they lack the knowledge of these tests and have less formal education. These older employees can react disappointingly to the tests when failing them and can challenge the test against the company. Lastly, 12 hour rotating shifts introduced with the tests can be hard for employees. Employees will be tired and exhausted working 12 hour shifts which will cause lower productivity for the company hence, losing sales. Clearly, the union has many grounds on which it could fight to eliminate the testing. If an employee files a complaint with the Ontario Human Rights Commission on the grounds that the test discriminated against him as an older worker, what kinds of information will have to be gathered to determine the validity of his claim? Every single employee has a right to equivalent treatment with regards to employment and based on age, sex, and race. At this electronics company, older workers are being discriminated because they lack formal education, therefore possibly being laid off. Why are young people -who have not graduated from high school – starting manual labour with little plant experience and are being paid huge paycheques? Clearly, there is an inequity battle between the young and old being portrayed. What is the difference between the young workers and the older workers? The older workers have the experience since they worked for this company for a long time and have the morale. Also, there is discrimination based upon the age of the employee. An employee possibly age fifty- sixty can file a claim because the manager might have said this employee might have been too elderly to work for this company. Age plays a huge factor in discrimination. Today, many companies want to hire young people because they know they will be productive and efficient at their work. As a result, there are higher chances for an older employee to be laid off. This electronics company possibly has a limit for an age to work, which is a form of discrimination. In addition, these tests do not meet the expectations or needs of the older people. If an older worker has to move pegs from one side of the board to another as fast as they can, they might not have the energy to move the pegs as fast. It can be strenuous work. This lacks content validity because the job description perhaps did not contain information about moving pegs or spotting cows from airplanes. Older people in this electronics company should do all eight aptitude tests and compare the scores with their age. Overall, if these test scores are low and many people failed. Then, they did not fit the older people and they can file a complaint towards the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC). It will be unlawful for an older employee who possibly had vision problem or arthritis in their fingers to attempt these aptitude tests. Clearly, these aptitude tests will not be a solution for older people with disabilities. It is up to the employee to know if his or her rights are being violated and take action by filing a claim to the OHRC. If an older employee has the compulsory skills to execute to the duty or task for the required position, certainly they should have a chance for employment. Aptitude Tests at an Electronic Corporation Do you see any problems…
Components of the Master Budget.

Components of the Master Budget A master budget provides an overarching view of an organization’s goals and expectations for the future. Due to its all-encompassing nature, there can be many components which are found in a master budget, each related to a different business operation or department. For this Application, you will analyze the master budget and its components in greater detail. In a 2- to 3-page paper, address the following: For each section of the master budget, describe its purpose, the type of information that would be contained in that particular section, and the importance of that budget section to the success of the company.Comment on why each budget piece must be created in that specific order. For example, why does the sales budget have to come before the production budget? References:… Shim, J. K., & Siegel, J. G. (2012). Budgeting basics and beyond (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Accounting 2013. Production budget. Retrieved from: Freedman, J., 2017. Small Business How to Complete a Master Budget in Managerial Accounting
Components of the Master Budget

PSY 4800 SUO Fundamentals of Psychology as a Scientific Field Report Essay

PSY 4800 SUO Fundamentals of Psychology as a Scientific Field Report Essay.

Position PaperOver the past five weeks you have examined several areas of psychology in relation to the areas/fields of psychology that you are most interested in. As you enter the final week of the course and potentially the end of your bachelor program you may think “what have I learned?”, not just for this course but for the program as a whole. Often, what is created toward the end of an academic program is a portfolio of work that demonstrates your academic achievements and knowledge. This assignment will take a part of that idea but within a position paper. A position paper is your synthesis of ideas and thoughts regarding psychology supported by relevant sources. The basic purpose of the paper is to answer this question:What have I learned and how am I going to use what I learned?The paper should adhere to the following guidelines:The length of the paper should be 10–12 pages, Time New Roman double-spaced pages (not including the title and reference pages).For the main sections it should have a:Title pageIntroductionLiterature reviewConclusionReference page(s)The paper must use proper APA style for citing sources and references.Introduction: This should be 1–2 pages in length. The introduction provides a brief overview of what will be covered and the purpose of the paper.Literature review: The literature review is outside information that supports your conclusions in the next section. For this assignment you could use the articles that you had found in previous week’s assignments. There should be a minimum of 6–8 journal articles that support your writing.Conclusions: The conclusion is the section that pulls it all together. It provides the reader with a better understanding of the information you presented in the earlier section as well as your views regarding the original question/purpose of the paper.
PSY 4800 SUO Fundamentals of Psychology as a Scientific Field Report Essay

ABC Advertising Helps To Inform the Target Audience About the Response

assignment writing services ABC Advertising Helps To Inform the Target Audience About the Response.

DiscussionResourcesRead/review the following resources for this activity:Lectures 1, 2, 3Minimum of 1 reliable resource for initial post IntroductionLearners will discover the various functions of marketing, and the impact advertising plays in business and the economy. In addition, learners will address the role of marketing, and how it impacts the business model, strategy, and vision.Initial Post InstructionsDiscuss the role advertising plays in business and marketing. What beneficial roles does advertising play in a healthy economy? What impact will it have in the future? Secondary Post InstructionsWas there consensus/disagreement in your initial posts? Did you gain any new learning from your classmates? How might you persuade a peer who disagrees with your position to advocate a new point of view? Writing RequirementsIn addition to one initial post, respond to at least two peers.Initial Post Length: minimum of 350 wordsSecondary Post Length: minimum of 200 words per postUsing APA format, incorporate appropriate in-text citation(s) referring to the academic concept with corresponding references page for the initial post.
ABC Advertising Helps To Inform the Target Audience About the Response

Assessment Description Although uniquely compliant with current law and guidance, is the collection and aggregation of data from the IoT and social media an ethical use of data. In 750-1,250 words, ex

In 750-1,250 words, explain your opinion with supporting evidence. Make sure to address: How has the IoT and social media been affected by cybersecurity over time? Acceptable Use Policy. Although users agree to the conditions of it, is the data being collected used for entirely ethical purposes? User Agreement. If you use something that is provided for free, how does a company make a profit (e.g., how are free products and services monetized)? If companies build security directly into IoT devices before implementing the hardware into the system, the security would be sounder and could be tested ahead of time, instead of building security around the device as an afterthought. Suppose that you are one of the executive members in the company and face this option. However, the built-in security would cost three times higher than the regular without built-in security. Provide your rationale of the decision in light of the Christian worldview. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Paintings: Antonio da Correggio’s “Assumption of the Virgin” Term Paper

The religious theme is one of the most popular ones presented in the works of the famous artists of Italian Renaissance. There are a lot of frescoes and paintings which reflect different religious scenes and are used for decorating the most important chapels and cathedrals in Europe. The theme of the Assumption of the Virgin is portrayed by many artists. Nevertheless, today critics consider Antonio da Correggio’s Assumption of the Virgin as one of the most prominent frescoes of the late Renaissance which influenced the works of such artists as Carlo Cignani and Giovanni Lanfranco. Correggio’s Assumption of the Virgin is unique in its complex composition which represents the details of Mary’s Assumption with the help of clear foreshortenings and the perfect illusionistic elements which create the effect of the ascension to heavens. The period of Renaissance in Italy can be considered as the revolution of the aesthetical visions of people and as the extreme increase of the development of arts1. The artistic works were directed toward people as individuals with references to Humanism, but also represented the religious aspects which were connected with the people’s inner world and beliefs. Antonio da Correggio is one of the most interesting figures of the late Renaissance, but in spite of his great talent he was not as well-known in Italy and abroad as, for instance, Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci because his activity was not developed in central towns of the country2. Thus, Antonio Allegri was born in a small Italian town Correggio which gave him his second name, and he became famous for his works which are located in Parma’s churches. However, he gained the critics’ recognition only after his death when numerous successors inspired by his frescoes created their own works. Nowadays the audience has the opportunity to admire the works by Correggio predominantly in Parma where the most interesting his fresco, the masterpiece of the religious art known as Assumption of the Virgin, can be observed. The other Correggio’s religious images and his works on the mythological theme did not become as influential and popular as this prominent fresco. Assumption of the Virgin by Antonio da Correggio is a dome fresco which is used for decorating the Cathedral of Parma. It was worked out during the period from 1526 till 1530. This work of the artist reflects the main peculiarities of his creative approaches, and it is considered by critics as the innovation in the art of creating the vault and dome frescoes which was adopted and typical for decorating churches before Renaissance. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, Assumption of the Virgin is also discussed as the most influential point in the activity of the artist as a talented mural painter3. Correggio’s Assumption of the Virgin is known for its complex and interesting composition which makes critics, artists, historians, and the public find more and more exciting details in this fresco during several centuries. There is the viewpoint that the composition of this religious fresco was influenced but the works of Melozzo da Forli. However, it is impossible to state strictly about the impact on Correggio because of the fact that during the period of the 15th-16th centuries there were many artists who used the theme of the Virgin’s Assumption in their works and who developed the aspects of creating frescoes in chapels4. In the centre of the composition of the fresco Assumption of the Virgin is Jesus who is descending from heavens in order to meet his mother who is ascending to him. A lot of angels who are playing musical instruments and singing help the Virgin to ascend. She is dressed in red and blue robes and these colors help to determine clearly her figure in the composition. The process of her Assumption is observed by the apostles. The figures of St. John the Baptist, St. Henry, St. Thomas, and St. Bernard are depicted in the fresco also as the main figures in the composition. It is important to note that only St. Bernard is portrayed as looking upwards, thus, watching Jesus’ descending. Furthermore, the composition includes such significant figures for the religious tradition as Adam, Eve and Judith5. This fresco impresses the audience by the immensity of the vast proportions of the decorated dome and by the depth of depicting heavens on the vaults. Moreover, Correggio’s painting involves a lot of figures which are depicted with the help of clear foreshortenings which make them look really. Thus, they can be perceived as a mass of angels and other important figures which are ascending because of guiding Mary to heavens and, thus, playing musical instruments and singing. However, if we have the opportunity to observe the fresco for a long period of time, it is possible to notice that all the figures are portrayed in detail with paying much attention to the elements of their faces and dresses. There are different approaches to the interpretation of the theme of the fresco and to the possible analysis of its elements. Nevertheless, many critics agree that Correggio’s Assumption of the Virgin can be considered as the masterpiece of illusionistic art which was discussed as the innovation in depicting figures and representing colors. We will write a custom Term Paper on Paintings: Antonio da Correggio’s “Assumption of the Virgin” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The figures are portrayed as inspired with the aura of the moment of the Virgin’s Assumption and that is why they seem to ascend to heavens with Mary. The depiction of these soaring figures is given in the form of tunnel, but it is full of light and leads to God’s love. Moreover, it is also necessary to focus on the details of the perfect iconography as the method to depict the religious figures. The liturgical context of the theme of the fresco is presented with the help of such method as illusionism which is skillfully used by the artist. While comparing Correggio’s vision of such a religious motif as the Virgin’s Assumption with the paintings and frescoes of the other artists, it is necessary to concentrate on such details as the composition of the work and its color scheme. For instance, Titian’s painting which was worked out earlier than Correggio’s fresco is organized according to the composition which consists of three main groups of figures, and the whole space is also divided into three parts. In spite of the idea of depicting the figures which are ascending, the effect of soaring figures is presented more vividly in the fresco by Correggio. And the approaches to the usage of the color scheme are also different. Titian uses dark and intense colors when Correggio depicts the Assumption with the help of transparent colors which produce the effect of soaring clouds. That is why it is possible to say that the work by Correggio is developed according to the principles of the late Renaissance, but with concentrating on transparent effects and illusionism6. This illusionistic approach to the depiction of the process of ascending impressed a lot of artists who tried to develop it during later periods. Many scholars accentuate the fact that Correggio’s fresco became an example for working out the other dome frescoes in the European churches which were made by Mannerists and Baroque artists. However, Correggio’s influence on the art of his century is a rather controversial question because he was not famous during the period he was developing his works. Today critics agree that his influence on the art of Baroque as the first presentations of the dramatically-illusionistic approach to the work is significant. This impact is possible to be observed in Assumption of the Virgin by Cignani and in the frescoes created by Lanfranco. Antonio da Correggio is one of the most interesting artists of the late Renaissance, but his works became popular with the public only after the artist’s death when the heritage of the Renaissance period was estimated by the audience and critics. Correggio’s Assumption of the Virgin is the masterpiece of the art in which the religious theme is depicted. It reflects the innovative approach to creating frescoes as a part of the dramatically-illusionistic art the principles of which were developed by the artists later. The significance of Correggio’s activity can also be proved with the fact that a lot of his successors created their frescoes and paintings focusing on the peculiarities of Correggio’s Assumption of the Virgin during the Baroque period as an example. Not sure if you can write a paper on Paintings: Antonio da Correggio’s “Assumption of the Virgin” by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Smyth, Carolyn. Correggio’s Frescoes in Parma Cathedral. USA: Princeton University Press, 1997. Print. Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History: A View of the West. 3rd ed. 2007. USA: Prentice Hall. Print. Footnotes Stokstad, Marilyn, Art History: A View of the West (USA: Prentice Hall, 2007), 245-247. Smyth, Carolyn, Correggio’s Frescoes in Parma Cathedral (USA: Princeton University Press, 1997), 270. Smyth, 259. Stokstad, 250. Smyth, 257-268. Smyth, 268-272.