Doctor Faustus shows the tragic doom of a budding scholar, who was highly efficient in all the field of studies and also a young aspirant, who had the immense potentiality to rise high above all other existing academicians of all times. It is fair to say that Faustus represents the quintessential Renaissance man – it is his thirst for knowledge that drives him into his pact with Mephostophiles. Faustus had that unquenchable thirst for knowledge and in his attempt at rising to inauspicious heights barters his soul to devil.
The play is a carrier graph showing the steady degeneration of Faustus after the submission of soul to the devil. In return the devil promises him twenty four years of life & access to limitless knowledge. Though previously he had planned many a great things to achieve, if he gains proficiency in magic and necromancy, he rollicks himself and makes merry with the arrival of new powers. From cheating a carter and a Horse-courser to Faustus moves to ask for a consummation with Helena.
It is evident that Faustus frustrated with the spiritual loss of his soul and dissatisfied with the trifling pleasures offered by Mephostophiles looks for a better satisfaction and a worthy consolation in the physical union with Helen. This marks the descent of Faustus from the intellectual seeking pleasures of the mind, to the hedonist seeking more sensual pleasures Helen appears twice in the play. At first, she appeared at the scholar’s request. The appearance of Helen not only represents the fall from high minded intellectualism, but also the seduction of the classical, pagan, world.
Faustus’ desire to return to the ancient world is represented by not only Helen, the most beautiful woman that the ancient world produced, but also by the presence of the scholars. Classical Greece is supposed to be a time of great thinkers, plays and writers, so Faustus desires to go to this time. Helen’s arrival is attended by the scholars, people of learning, who, by their dumb-foundedness, show the beauty of Helen: Since we have seen the pride of Nature’s works, And only paragon of excellence, Let us depart; and for this glorious deed
Happy and lest be Faustus evermore. (act V, scene I, lines 33-36) It is the somewhat tame verse that these scholars supply that shows that the beauty that Helen represents is beyond mortal comprehension – her beauty, and what that beauty represents, are far more serious than Faustus gives them credit for. Indeed, when the scholars ask to see Helen, Faustus treats it as if it were just another conjuring trick, as was summoning Alexander the Great. This is, however, no ordinary conjuring trick; it has the direst consequences for Faustus – the loss of his soul.
Towards the end of act V, scene I, Faustus reaches the acme of spiritual crisis. Haunted by damnation, despair and death, he moves towards committing suicide but is prevented at the old man’s forbearance. At this point Mephostophiles brings Helen for the second time, more true to the Pathetic Faustus’ vision. In this context Cleanth Brooks’ (Sunday Times, 20 February 1966) comment deserves mention, “…it is a sound psychology that Faustus demand at this point greater distractions and more powerful narcotics than he had earlier required.
Shortly before, it was enough for Faustus to call up the vision of Helen. Now he needs to possess her. ” Faustus appeals to Mephostophiles to bring Helen to compensate the loss of spirituality, but at the very sight of Helen, Faustus is reminded of death, devastation & burning of kingdoms. Though he is pleading to Helen to make him immortal with with a kiss, the same Helen had been the cause of combat between Menalaus and Paris, menalaus’ death and mass carnage of Troy. The irony is most piercing in Faustus’ search for heaven in Helena’s lips.
Faustus is well aware of the insubstantiality of Helen and the ephemeral nature of his pleasure. In this union Faustus is on the topmost stair of sensuality beyond which lies the bottomless pit of Hell. When we look at the attractive nature that Helen has (or the Devil that has taken her form), we can see how seductive evil is. As proverb would have it, the road to hell is the straight and easy one. It is easier to give in to ones baser desires, to want to make love to Helen, than it is to uphold the principles of the Church.
This is why Faustus’ wants to retreat to the past, to a time where the church didn’t exist. Faustus’ speech is characterised by classical allusions, describing Helen in mythological terms: O thou art fairer than the evening air, Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars, Brighter art thou than flaming Jupiter When he appeared to hapless Semele; More lovely than the monarch of the sky In wanton Arethusa’s azured arms. (act v, scene I, line 113-119) The comparison to Semele is highly appropriate as Semele wanted to see Jupiter in all his glory, and was then consumed by this glory.
This is very much the case that Faustus is in; he wants to see the most beautiful woman that the world has to offer, the Devil’s secret weapon if you will, and he is consumed by it. This is contrasted with the Old Man who is immune to the full glory (fury) of the Devil because of the strength of his belief in God. Faustus’ ambition for immortality can be achieved as by deriving pleasure to the last point of satisfaction, he can outlast time. Moreover being a lover to the mythical beauty Helen would bring for him posthumous glory and fame.
Through this union Faustus however buys eternal damnation by committing the sin of Demoniality (according to W. W. Greg), by uniting with the ‘incubus’ or spirit Helen. Helen is actually an emblem of Hell, sucking out Faustus’ soul. Marlowe here deliberately brings Helen unlike in Goethe’s Faust, where the lady is an ordinary woman, in order to match Faustus’ magnanimous stature. Here is Faustus a ‘miserable man’ in sonorous attempt at verbal restoration at his spiritual loss instead of succumbing to ‘internal glory’ and ’hellish fall’.
James Broughton (‘Life and Writings of Christopher Marlowe’, in Gentleman’s Magazine) rightly describes this as, …his last impassioned soliloquy of agony and despair, which is surpassed by nothing in the whole circle of the English Drama, and cannot fail to excite in the reader a thrill of horror, mingled with pity for the miserable sufferer. These lines are at once charged with sonorous lyric and high sounding verbal and situational irony. Brooks rightly finds the poetry in these lines ‘ominously fitting’ with the “desperation of Faustus’ plight.
Evaluation of a Nonprofit Organization
Evaluation of a Nonprofit Organization.
Evaluation of a Nonprofit Organization For this assignment, write an evaluative essay on a nonprofit organization of your choice. Imagine that your report will be used to inform and possibly to facilitate a partnership between your chosen nonprofit organization and another. You want to share relevant information as well as to highlight the positive aspects of your chosen organization. For this report you should include the social, historical, and economic aspects influencing the organization and its stakeholders. Your report should demonstrate your ability to integrate these aspects and approaches to better understand the organization and its stakeholders. Your paper must: Include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion for your evaluation. Be 3-4 pages in length. Include at least three peer-reviewed, credible sources to support your assessment, in addition to the websites for the organization you are evaluating. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these sources. Be formatted according to the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and AP
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