State V. Marshall (POST)
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Read “State v. Marshall” on pages 201-202.
This case deals with the “imminent” requirement in self-defense cases.
Read the following excerpt regarding the CA legal requirements for self-defense.
After reading the excerpt below, and State V. Marshall from your book, then answer the three questions at the end of the case in the “Questions for Discussion” box on page 202.
Right to Self-Defense or Defense of Another (Non-Homicide)
The defendant is not guilty of <insert crime(s) charged> if (he/she) used force against the other person in lawful (self-defense/ [or] defense of another). The defendant acted in lawful (self-defense/ [or] defense of another) if:
1. The defendant reasonably believed that (he/she/ [or] someone else/ [or]
<insert name of third party>) was in imminent danger of suffering bodily injury [or was in imminent danger of being touched unlawfully];
2. The defendant reasonably believed that the immediate use of force was necessary to defend against that danger;
3. The defendant used no more force than was reasonably necessary to defend against that danger.
Belief in future harm is not sufficient, no matter how great or how likely the harm is believed to be. The defendant must have believed there was imminent danger of violence to (himself/ herself/ [or] someone else). Defendant’s belief must have been reasonable and (he/she) must have acted because of that belief. The defendant is only entitled to use that amount of force that a reasonable person would believe is necessary in the same situation. If the defendant used more force than was reasonable, the defendant did not act in lawful (self-defense/ [or] defense of another).
When deciding whether the defendant’s beliefs were reasonable, consider all the circumstances as they were known to and appeared to the defendant and consider what a reasonable person in a similar situation with similar knowledge would have believed. If the defendant’s beliefs were reasonable, the danger does not need to have actually existed.
[The defendant’s belief that (he/she/ [or] someone else) was threatened may be reasonable even if (he/she) relied on information that was not true. However, the defendant must actually and reasonably have believed that the information was true.]
[If you find that <insert name of victim> threatened or harmed the defendant [or others] in the past, you may consider that information in deciding whether the defendant’s conduct and beliefs were reasonable.]
[If you find that the defendant knew that <insert name of victim> had threatened or harmed others in the past, you may consider that information in deciding whether the defendant’s conduct and beliefs were reasonable.]
[Someone who has been threatened or harmed by a person in the past is justified in acting more quickly or taking greater self-defense measures against that person.]
[If you find that the defendant received a threat from someone else that (he/she) reasonably associated with <insert name of victim>, you may consider that threat in deciding whether the defendant was justified in acting in (self-defense/ [or] defense of another).]
[A defendant is not required to retreat. He or she is entitled to stand his or her ground and defend himself or herself and, if reasonably necessary, to pursue an assailant until the danger of (death/bodily injury/<insert crime>) has passed. This is so even if safety could have been achieved by retreating.]
The People have the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant did not act in lawful (self-defense/ [or] defense of another). If the People have not met this burden, you must find the defendant not guilty of <insert crime(s) charged>.
AOJ 200 Discussion follow the point
You are write another cultural formation like last time except for Case 2. I have uploaded the guidelines for writing the cultural formation if you need it again.Cultural Formation Case 2:Case of AdisaPlease view the video entitled Innovative Approaches to Counseling African Descent People. You can start watching at the 8:05 minute mark through 29:50 mark to get the relevant information you need to complete the cultural formulation. In the video you will see the counselor demonstrate several interventions with this client based on their shared identities. In your assignment, please identify different interventions that might have been effective for Adisa than were demonstrated in the video.Here is the link to the video entitled Innovative Approaches to Counseling African Descent People:https://lynn-lang.student.lynn.edu:2270/counseling-therapy/view/work/1778757User name: SlakshmananPassword: 401PEMberton
Cultural Formation Case, psychology homework help
Supply Chain Management and Financial Plan Research Paper
Supply Chain Management and Financial Plan Research Paper.
With this assignment, you are creating two important elements of a financial plan: an Income Statement and Balance Sheet. You also are preparing an outline of a presentation of your business plan to potential investors or lenders. Using the business you created from Assignments 2 and 3, write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you: Prepare a simple pro forma (projected) income statement and balance sheet for the first two years of operation, using income projections and incorporating an advertising plan. Outline a plan for hiring and retaining competent, motivated employees for your business. Prepare an outline for a “pitch,” i.e., a short 20-30 minute business plan presentation that will be made to lenders or investors. Include at least two (2) references outside the textbook. **ADDITIONAL INFORMATION** *No need to create an excel spreadsheet of an income statement and balance sheet, just write everything out. *For the “pitch”, again just write out what would be discussed regarding the business plan. I will include copies of the last 3 assignments as a reference so you’ll know which business was chosen previously.
Supply Chain Management and Financial Plan Research Paper
Always better control (ABC) Analysis Essay
help me with my homework Always better control (ABC) analysis has historically found application in inventory and materials control. Some scholars also refer to ABC analysis as Selective Inventory Control (Wild 39). ABC analysis is among the most established techniques in the field of business administration (Lun and Hung 157).The technique has proved useful in determining the frequency of counting various items. One of the leading policies governing ABC analysis is that items in category A are characterized by accurate records and tight control, while those in category B are characterized by good records and are less tightly controlled. In contrast, C items have the minimal records and have the simplest controls. As such, the various products in an organization can be arranged into three classes namely, A, B, and C. There are a lot of similarities between the ABC analysis and the Preto principle in the sense that items in class ‘A’ represent a large portion of the cumulative value but a smaller percentage of items in use. For example, 20 percent of items in class ‘A’ could represent 70 percent of the value of items consumed in a year. On the other hand, 30 percent of items in class ‘B’ accounts for 25 percent of the value of items consumed in a year (Wild 40). Finally, in class ‘C’, 50 percent of items in this category accounts for just 5 percent of the value of items consumed in the category annually. What this means is that ABC analysis tries to separate the most important products (those in class A) from the less important products (those in classes B and C). ABC analysis presents us with a technique for categorizing items that have a huge effect on overall inventory control (Lun and Hung 158). The ABC analysis theory appears to suggest that different inventories of a firm are unequal in value (Wild 40). For this reason, they are grouped into various categories. The categorization of the items of an organization using the ABC analysis technique allows an organization to ascertain the worth of its inventory. Accordingly, the organization is in a position to make the necessary adjustments to such inventories. For example, Class A items could be checked periodically and shipments of items in this category recorded and tracked carefully. On the other hand, items in Class B get less attention that those in Class A, while items in Class C get the least attention as they are less valuable than those in Class A. One of the strengths of the ABC analysis is that it allows managers to exercise selective focus and control on a limited number of items, and more so when the manager is faced with less items. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Also, by concentrating mainly on the ‘A’ category, the materials manager is in a position to exercise control over inventories, in addition to demonstrating visible results within a short period of time. This also helps to identify obsolete stocks (Vollmann 89). The ABC analysis further allows the materials manager to reduce clerical costs, thereby leading to enhanced inventory turnover and planning. In terms of weaknesses, the system does not provide proper codification and standardization of the inventory items needed. It also becomes difficult to make periodic reviews when only the ABC analysis is recalled. Another weakness of the system is that it only takes into account the monetary value of items at the expense of the significance attached to items of functioning, assembly, or production process. Works Cited Lun, Kee and Hung, Lai. Shipping and Logistics Management. London: Springer, 2010. Print. Vollmann, Thomas. Manufacturing planning and control systems for supply chain management. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005. Print. Wild, Tony. Best Practice in Inventory Management, 2nd Ed. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2002. Print.
Colorado Technical University Pretense Investigation Discussion
Colorado Technical University Pretense Investigation Discussion.
The discussion assignment for this week includes a review of the Key Assignment Outline completed by one of your classmates, as well as a substantial response to at least 1 other student. Primary Task Response: Your first task is to post your own Key Assignment Outline to the discussion area so that other students are able to review your plan. Attach your document to the main discussion post, and include any notes that you feel are appropriate. The purpose of this assignment is to help improve the quality of the Key Assignment Draft that you will complete next week.DraftBegin by reviewing IP 1 from Week 1 to ensure that you understand the entire project.Part 1Research what a presentence investigation is, what purpose it serves during the sentencing process, and how it is used to inform the sentencing process. Then, address the following in a Word document that is 750–900 words in length:What is a presentence investigation report, and what kind of information does this document typically contain?Why is this information collected, and how does this information relate to an offender’s sentencing?What relationship exists, if any, between the presentence investigation and other aids to sentencing, such as sentencing guidelines and a victim impact statement?Compile your responses to the above questions into your final Word document.The content of the paper must be 750–900 words in length.You must reference at least 3 outside sources, and all sources must be referenced using APA style. Part 2Despite your best efforts to guide John McMahon away from drugs and crime, he has incurred a new arrest. Specifically, he was arrested in the 800 block of Greenview Drive in Lynchburg, Virginia after plainclothes officers observed him make what appeared to be a drug transaction. He was cooperative during the arrest, and a search of his person turned up 3.5 grams of a white powdery substance that field tested positive for cocaine. Mr. McMahon was read his rights and transported to the Blue Ridge Regional Jail. During questioning, he admitted that he had purchased the drugs for his own personal use moments before his arrest. In a Word document of 1,000–1,200 words, create a presentence investigation report for Mr. McMahon that includes all of the information that would ordinarily be included in such a document. You may find it useful to create section headers in your document to separate the different elements of the report. Feel free to make up information that is not specifically stated, provided that doing so is not likely to impact the sentencing outcome. You will want to reference and include material taken from the Phase 2 individual projects and the Phase 3 individual project.For the purposes of this assignment, assume the following:Mr. McMahon’s underlying charge of possession of cocaine (the one he was placed on probation for in the first place) represents his only prior conviction.Mr. McMahon’s parents were married at the time of his birth and remain so to the present day.Mr. McMahon has 2 younger brothers, both of whom still live with his parents.Mr. McMahon is in good overall physical health and has no history of mental health or substance abuse treatment aside from any that was ordered in the context of his current probation case.
Colorado Technical University Pretense Investigation Discussion
Each essay response should each be 3 pages single-spaced in length (including references — NO COVER SHEET IS NEEDED) and follow Turabian formatting. This include 1-inch margins on all 4 sides, the use of times new roman 12-point font.
For more information on Turabian formatting please see “Appendix: Paper Format and Submission” within either the 7th or 8th edition of the Turabian writing manual.
1. The simulation underscored the value of inter-agency and international cooperation in threat analysis. When looking at the totality of the simulation, and based on your additional research, what were the key documents, references, plans, or strategies that facilitated this engagement? Pick two of these references or plans and describe the document (i.e. the focus, how it supported your efforts in the simulation, and from your perspective if additional areas should be addressed) to enhance interoperability between agencies or countries. An example of this type of reference is the EU Counter-Terrorism Strategy: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/justice_freedom_security/fight_against_terrorism/l33275_en.htm
2. This simulation reinforced the real threat of lone wolf or small groups to any industrialized nation. Mark Thompson, in a 2013 TIME magazine article highlighted the very real danger and unpredictability of this threat (http://nation.time.com/2013/02/27/the-danger-of-the-lone-wolf-terrrorist/). Considering the simulation and the Thompson reference, what are the key attributes of the “lone wolf” threat vector? What can law enforcement and national security/national intelligence agencies do to address this issue? Is this an attack vector that you really can’t see coming? Support your assessment with peer reviewed references.