And overall view about REALISM, do research on books and material provided first, then think about larger issue. This should NOT be a book report.Absolutely NO PLAGIARISM !!!These will be 13 pages each (they can
and should be longer), based on a Chapter Question, starting with the
textbook then at least two other sources from any legitimate mainstream
book, journal article, periodical, or newspaper (in that order of
importance; email me if you are unsure of a source’s legitimacy). No
dictionaries or encyclopedias, especially Wikipedia, are allowed. You
must properly cite a source using the APA Style for anything that is not
common knowledge, let alone if you quote from it. The more sources and
citations, the better your grade will be (good social science needs
cited facts to back it up). I will also expect theseUse standard formatting (double-spaced, 12 point Times or Times New Roman, normal margins, page numbering, etc.).Do not do a Title Page or sub-headings. Do a Works Cites section (which will not count for length).I also attach a essay example of what the professor expected so you have a better idea.Thanks.
Lewy Body Dementia: Symptoms and Treatment
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Introduction According to the World Health Organization, being healthy is being in a good physical, mental, and social well-being and not just the absence of an infection. This definition means that it does not call for any disparity in the wellness of an individual. Concerning health, a person can be considered as either having a high level of wellness or being having poor health and imminent death. This definition does not put into consideration aspects of disability a chronic illness. For this paper, the main area of focus is the mental health in which one mental health condition will be identified, and the discussed on the mental health therapy, and then the application of the mental health therapy to a selected celebrity who for this case is Robin Williams (Segal, 2017). Mental health should not only focus on how to improve psychological disorders, but it should also focus on subjective well-being, competence, autonomy, as well as the issues to do with the realization of one’s potential. All this should revolve around physiotherapy. Mental health is very crucial, and we should not only look at how to encounter it, but we should also seek to create an awareness to the society about the effects of psychological disorders to an individual, to families, and to the society as a whole. At an individual level, person who is suffering from any psychological disorder are at the risk of experiencing a decline in the quality of life, face some education related difficulties, experience some social problems, have a drop in their levels of productivity, be vulnerable to abuse and other health related problems (Segal, 2017). At the family level, a mentally ill person will require his or her close relatives to care for him/her. This will, therefore, subject them to a lot of burdens which in the long run might lead to some financial constraints. At the same time, the family members might be unable to work to their fullest capacity meaning that there will be a decline in production. Additionally, the family members may also suffer from chronic stress due to some psychological and physical challenges. Mental health does not affect individuals and their families only, but it also affects the society in various ways. For instance, this can influence the economic status of a country. This happens because these psychological disorders increase pressure on the economy of a country due to the burden it lays due to the need to have some medical and physiotherapy interventions. Also, the society suffers socially because, at certain instances, the psychologically ill individual may be at times show some dangerous behavior and violence. Therefore, this calls for local, national and international communities to come up with programs which will seek to prevent, control and alleviate this problem from the society (David, 2013). Description of the Mental Health Issue Overview of Lewy Body Dementia This paper will look at Lewy Body Dementia which is a mental condition which affected Robin Williams. The name Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) can be at times used interchangeably with Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). Studies show that Lewy Body Dementia was named with respect to a doctor who was the first person to identify the condition. According to him, this condition is a state which occurs as a result of deposits of proteins in the nervous system. One of the weaknesses of the research is that the study did not give a clear description of the relationship between the protein deposits and the brain. But according to the study, the proteins affect the functioning of the nerves which serve as the messenger in our body system. Once these proteins are deposited in the nerve cells, they lead to the death of some of the nerve cells meaning that some brain tissues will, in the long run, be lost. The death and loss of these nerve cells lead to dementia (Segal, 2017). Several mental conditions are affecting the brain and the nervous system whose cause is the Lewy bodies. Some of these diseases are LBD and the Parkinson’s disease. Research has shown that Dementia Lewy Bodies share signs and symptoms with two diseases which are Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. All of these conditions are sometimes referred to as Lewy body disorders, and their difference is mainly in how each of the conditions starts. As time goes on, the symptoms of this conditions get worse. The signs and effects of the Lewy Bodies depend partially on their location in the brain. For instance, the Lewy bodies located at the base of the brain are understood to be the cause of problems related to movement. Motor symptoms are the major signs affiliated to the Parkinson disease. The Lewy bodies at the outer parts of the brain, on the other hand, have been connected to the complications of mental capacities which are referred to as the cognitive symptoms. These are the attributes of LBD (Lewy Body Dementia). The above condition can at times occur at the same time. Studies have shown that, in most of the cases, an individual associated with Parkinson will in the long end have dementia (Segal, 2017). Lewy Body Dementia contributes to approximately 4% of the cases which have been recorded pertaining dementia. Although this might be the case, there are also signs that this condition has been understudies and it is, therefore, essential to come up with a mechanism which will ensure that better statistics are recorded. At the same time, of the cases of the death of brain tissues which have been established, only 10% of the cases of dementia are associated with DLB. Looking at the gender which is preferred by the condition, it can be stated that this disease is not sided to one gender since it affects the two sexes almost equally. Although gender might not influence the occurrence of this disease in the society, age is said to be one of the predisposing factors of this condition since studies have shown that the condition is more on individual who is more than 65 years although there are certain cases of DLB affecting individual who are less than 65 years of age. Apart from age which may act as a risk factor for this disease, other predisposing factors are the lifestyle, medical condition, and environmental factors. It is interesting that the cases of DLB which have been studied have shown no relationship between family history and the condition (David, 2013). Symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia Although people are different, most of the people suffering from this condition have symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease as well as symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Additionally, these people will also have some signs and symptoms which are associated exclusively with LBD. An individual suffering from DBL will have problems with attention as well as alertness. These two signs vary from one person to another. This fluctuation may change concerning hours or minutes. Additionally, the problem of hallucinations may come in hand with this condition since one may find it hard when judging physical distances as well as the perceived objects. Hallucinations interfere with one ability to remain organized hence meddling planning and the organization of an individual. At the same time, there will be traces of depression and stress to the individual suffering from this problem. Memory lapse is also another symptom of this condition, and this is evident mainly in the early stages (Segal, 2017). People suffering from this disease will in several occasions see things which in the real world do not exist. This is to mean that these people will at times see things which are not there. This affects mostly individuals suffering from DBL, and it causes a lot of stress. At the same time, we also have cases of auditory hallucinations in which one will tend to hear things which are not there. This happens although it is not a common symptom of this condition. These two aspects have been used in explaining which individuals suffering from this disorders will at times think and say things which are wrong or don’t even exist. This issue does not only affect the affected individual, but also the relatives living with him or her. This is stressing and may even lead to suicide as it was the case with Robin Williams (Segal, 2017). As stated earlier, we have some movement problems associated with this condition. Such symptoms are an indication that an individual has Parkinson’s disease. Some of these problems which are affiliated to movement include slowness in movement, inflexibility in movement as well as blank facial expressions. At the same time, one may have problems when it comes to balancing whenever one is walking. Trembling is also an aspect which is related to LBD. These are the reasons why you find that a person suffering from this condition will fall severally. Additionally, these people will fall and faint or lose their consciousness for some few minutes (David, 2013). Sleep disorder is moreover another problem interrelated with this condition. At times, LBD will force one to fall asleep quickly although this will be characterized by restlessness and restless nights. During the night, this person will suffer from hallucinations, confusions, disorganization, very violent movements as well as incubuses (Shedler, 2014). This sleep pattern displayed by these individuals is known as rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder. For persons who sleep in one bed or married couples, this problem is stressing and is at times harmful. Diagnosis of Lewy Body Dementia This is a very crucial stage since one should do it accurately so that you may not end up treating the wrong thing. If LBD is alleged, one must get the proper diagnosis since this is a very sensitive condition which if prescribed wrong, it can be very reactive and if prescribed in the best way, one will have benefits. LBD is hard to diagnose and it, therefore, calls for a person who is very experienced to do the diagnosis. There are several cases where an individual suffering from LBD has been diagnosed as having Alzheimer’s disease. During the diagnosis, the psychiatric specialist is expected to talk to the person suffering from the condition as well as another person who is close to the patient. This will help in ensuring that an accurate history is taken as far as the condition is concerned. Part of the medical history may include when the symptoms were first seen, as well as the effects of the condition not only to the person but to the family too. At times, one can carry some mental ability test although this might be contradicting since there are complications associated with visual abilities and the spatial abilities too. Additionally, during the diagnosis, the brain scan is important since it helps in differentiating LBD from vascular dementia (David, 2013). Mental health therapy description of Lewy Body Dementia Mental health therapy will involve all the mechanisms which will help in maintaining and improving mental state of a person suffering from Lewy Body Dementia. Physiotherapy involves the use of medication to ease the condition as well as non-medical treatments. Prescription for Lewy Body Dementia varies from one person to another because different people react differently to different kinds of medications. For instance, in the treatment of cognitive symptoms of Lewy Body Dementia, one doctor may decide to use donepezil and rivastigmine (David, 2013). At the same time, rigidity in an individual can be treated using Levodopa. On the other hand, sleep disorders can be treated using melatonin or clonazepam. We also have the non-medical mode of treatment. Some of these strategies may include the physical therapy, the speech therapy, occupational therapy, and the individual and family psychotherapy. All the above strategies will help in reducing stress to not only the affected, but also the entire family. Additionally, this helps in educating the affected so that he or she can have enough information concerning Lewy Body Dementia. This is also a way through which depression and other related aspects can be treated (Society, 2015). Application of the above Mental Therapy to Robin Williams Since Robin Williams was diagnosed with Lewy Body Dementia and his condition was characterized chronic depression, and some hallucination, the mental therapy described above would have helped him. As far as the physical therapy is concerned, it would be very important if a routine was created which would involve physical activities which will aid in strengthening him and enhance his stability and flexibility (David, 2013). This may involve some physical fitness programs. Since he was very depressed, individual and family psychotherapy is very important for this case. This would help him in enabling him to have some mechanisms which he could use to manage both his emotional and behavioral symptoms. Concerning the same, walking with Robin Williams would be essentially important since it will give him the opportunity to be outdoor and carry out some physical exercises which will help his state of mind. Medication is also important, and for this case, melatonin or clonazepam would have helped him in regulating the sleeping disorder. Similarly, cholinesterase inhibitors such as donepezil would have reduced stress and hallucinations (David, 2013). Conclusion In conclusion, mental disorders and specifically LBD have several harmful effects on an individual, the family, and the society at large. In the paper, most of the harmful effects of LBD and other related mental disorders have been discussed. This has helped in creating awareness to the society on why it would be important to control and manage these mental conditions not only LBD. If management of the condition had been employed on Robin Williams, he would not have suffered to the extent of committing suicide (Shedler, 2014). In the management of mental disorders, it is also advisable to first try the non-drug approaches before you go for medication because some drugs may have some harmful effects. References David, J. D. (2013). Dementia with Lewy Bodies. 1-8. Retrieved from https://www.parkinsons.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/download/english/fs33_dementiawithlewybodies.pdf David, J. D. (2013). Dementia with Lewy Bodies. 1-8. Retrieved from https://www.parkinsons.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/download/english/fs33_dementiawithlewybodies.pdf Segal, L. R. (2017). Lewy Body Dementia. Signs, Symptoms, Treatment, and Caregiving for Dementia with Lewy Bodies, 3-16. Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/alzheimers-dementia/lewy-body-dementia.htm Shedler, P. J. (2014). Robin Williams: Genius and Depression from the Same Well? 5-8. Society, A. (2015, June 14). What is dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)? Retrieved from alzheimers.org.uk: https://www.icgp-education.ie/dementia/resources/Factsheet-What_is_dementia_with_Lewy_bodies.pdf Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
Hispanic Cultural Views And Traditional Values
essay writing help Hispanics are the largest minority population in the United States. Projections suggest that the estimated 46.9 million Hispanics who currently reside in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau 2009) will grow to over 62 million by 2020 and to more than 133 million by the year 2050 (Bean, 2001). Research is crucial in learning how this population functions, assimilates and understanding the societal trends that have the strongest impact on Hispanics. Hispanics display an exceptional resilience to assimilating into mainstream American cultural patterns while maintaining their traditional cultural norms, beliefs and customs (Acevedo, 2009). Research that examines the underlying factors which facilitate Hispanic assimilation gives insight into understanding Hispanic culture. It can serve as the foundation for developing a guideline in studying cultural assimilation and aiding other cultures in achieving it. An individual’s beliefs, motivation, and actions are defined and influenced by connections and investments with groups they consider themselves to be a part of. In the realm of behaviors and attitudes, groups are exceedingly significant (Acevedo, 2009). Therefore, studying Hispanics as a group supplies researchers a unique advantage in gaining relevant insight. One of the most prominent values of Hispanic culture is familismo, the emphasis on family relationships, which includes gender roles, childbearing, familial hierarchy, etc (Raffaeilli
American Red Cross Organizational Culture and Structure in Strategic Planning Case
American Red Cross Organizational Culture and Structure in Strategic Planning Case.
I’m working on a health & medical writing question and need guidance to help me learn.
The purpose of this assignment is to identify aspects of organizational design and culture as they relate to market segments and impact strategic planning.Throughout the course, you will develop a business plan for a strategic initiative you select. Choose an existing health care organization that you can use as the basis for your analysis and business plan. When selecting the organization, ensure that it meets the following criteria:Organization may be for profit, non-profit, or community based.Information about the organization, including financial data, should be publicly available to ensure you can complete the required organizational analysis.Once you have selected the organization, conduct research to learn about the organization. Consider potential barriers with organizational stakeholders, the organizational design and culture, and how these impact change initiatives.Part 1: Organizational ChartReview Chapter 19 in the textbook, paying special attention to Figure 19.6 “Multi-National Pharmaceutical Company.” Using Figure 19.6 as a model, evaluate the organization you have selected. Create an organizational chart by market segment. This can be used to evaluate business processes in relation to the internal value chain and to communicate to organizational stakeholders the way that culture affects strategic planning.Part 2: Business MemoImagine you have been asked to communicate your findings about the organization to stakeholders. In a 500-750 word business memo to stakeholders, address the following.Describe the organizational culture.Discuss the implications of the culture on strategic planning.Explain the difference between operating activities and strategic initiatives.Communicate where the value is in the organization based upon the structure.Identify areas of opportunity and explain where process changes would be seen or come from.Identify potential barriers to strategic planning and explain actions that could be taken to overcome the barriers.Submit the organizational chart and business memo to the LMS.While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
American Red Cross Organizational Culture and Structure in Strategic Planning Case
“Trilogy” Organization’s Problems Case Study
Table of Contents Introduction Discussion Nature of Organizational Learning Importance of organizational learning How to create and sustain a Learning Culture in Organizations Trilogy University Changes which need to be affected Introduction This paper is a case study on an organization called Trilogy. The paper aims at discussing ways in which new employees need to change for them to be productive in their new organizations. Some of the issues which are discussed include how Trilogy University (T.U) prepares employees to join Trilogy, whether T.U has been effective in its role of preparing recruits to join Trilogy in the first five years and the current status of T.U as well as the changes which need to be effected for it to fit in the new organizational structure of Trilogy. The discussion of the above issues is preceded by a discussion of key concepts in organizational development, such as organizational learning, the benefits of organizational learning, and how to create and sustain a learning organizational culture. Discussion An organization is a group of people who work together with coordinated efforts to achieve certain objectives or goals. Organizational goals and objectives are of various categories, and it is this variation of the goals and objectives which classify organizations into three main categories, namely profit making; service based and social responsibility based organizations. New employees often need to change in important ways to become productive members of their organizations. One way in which new employees need to change is by learning the skills and techniques which they can use in their work. They can learn either through training before they start the jobs (orientation) or learn while on the job. Nature of Organizational Learning Learning is the process of acquiring new knowledge and understanding regarding a particular subject. It can take various forms and may be acquired from various sources which may include imitation, observation, listening, brainstorming, learning through mistakes, training, seminars, and learning from cultural practices. Organizational learning is one of the strategies in organizational development, which focuses on enabling organizations to place themselves in strategic positions to remain competitive and meet their objectives in a decisive manner. Globalization is one major reason for organizations to keep on learning. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Globalization has transformed the world into a global village where everything is changing, and the world is becoming smaller in terms of how individuals and organizations interact and communicate. The concept of organizational learning has its origin from the works of Argyris and Schön, who in 1978 came out to express their view on the concept. Their view has been referred to as the technical classical approach to organizational learning. Their model of organizational learning comprises the single and double loop learning. Single loop learning entails the detection and correction of mistakes or errors which make organizations not to embrace change. Double loop learning entails changing of strategies by organizations due to internal or external forces. Argyris and Schön’s model of change can be viewed as a technical approach to organizational learning because it involves the use of individuals and systems or strategies by the organization to meet their objectives. Donald was another scholar who viewed organizational learning from a technical perspective where he argued that organizational learning is a product of tacit resources, meaning that it originates from individual employees who have the knowledge or seek and attain particular knowledge and expertise, then share it with the other employees. The knowledge is then documented to form a database for organizations which may be used to inform organizational policies. The other school of thought to organizational learning is known as the social perspective. This perspective views organizational learning as a cultural and political process and as a product of social construction. This perspective does not put more emphasis on tacit resources as a source of organizational learning like the technical perspective. Instead, it views organizational learning as an on-going process which is characterized by the interaction between employees, mainly in group contexts. These interactions enable employees to share their stories, experiences, and knowledge which enable them to acquire new skills, techniques, and competencies to discharge their duties effectively. We will write a custom Case Study on “Trilogy” Organization’s Problems specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Lave and Wenger, organizations learn through communities of practice which involve people who are contextually and informally bound together by a common interest of learning and using a common practice when performing their duties. These two perspectives to organizational learning have for long been characterized by the debate of whether organizations do learn or it is individual employees who learn. However, the dilemma can be solved through the use of a pragmatic approach to organizational learning. This pragmatic approach reconciles the two perspectives and comes up with a single approach to organizational learning, which takes into account the views of the two perspectives. The pragmatic approach is based on the argument that organizations do learn. But the learning by organizations is seen as an on-going process which is necessitated by the forces of change, which are either internal or external to the organizations. Managers, therefore, come up with best practices to ensure that their organizations utilize their human resources effectively to generate knowledge, understanding, and expertise in various fields by various employees, which is documented and rewarded. The knowledge and expertise generated are, therefore, harmonized with the external environment or with the organizational goals and objectives. The pragmatic approach also takes into consideration the importance of on-going training of employees both on the job and off the job so that the employees may be updated with the latest information or knowledge which is relevant to their areas of operation. Technological advancement also necessitates the training of employees on the latest technology in their areas of operation. For example, a company which deals with public transport may adopt online booking of bus tickets instead of receipts. Such an organization would need to train the employees on that kind of technology to increase their effectiveness and reduce their workload. This, in turn, motivates the employees. Importance of organizational learning Before an organization can embark on organizational learning, it needs to identify the training needs. The training needs include the learning of skills to perform tasks, re-learning of skills as a result of changing jobs, enhancement of the performance at the current job, or as a result of organizational policy. Not sure if you can write a paper on “Trilogy” Organization’s Problems by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Training entails learning, which involves acquiring new patterns of behavior and incorporates four basic processes. These include the drive by the learners to learn, acquisition of responsible behavior as a result of learning, reinforcement of the learned behavior, and the application of the learned behavior in the work context. Organizational learning enables organizations to prepare employees for any change, which may come as a result of organizational restructuring or mergers or due to the adoption of a certain technology. It also enables organizations to have in place very competent and reliable employees who are flexible and open-minded handling any assignment which may come along their way in their lines of duty. Organizational learning keeps organizations in a strategic position for increasing their competitiveness as well as coming up with best practices which not only improve organizations’ productivity but also the popularity of organizations. For example, an organization which deals with the provision of electricity may engage itself in what is referred to as corporate social responsibility by undertaking activities like conservation of the environment, fighting poverty through the provision of scholarships to needy students or training communities on entrepreneurship. This may increase the competitiveness of the organization, among other electricity providing organizations, thereby increasing and maintaining its customers. In this organization, the employees need to learn skills for dealing with communities so that apart from providing electricity to them, they may also train the people on how to do business or sensitize them on behavior change. In this sense, the organization would be engaging itself in a win-win situation in that it would be empowering its employees with new skills which would be a motivation for them while at the same time providing social services to the community using the same employees who perform the core business of the organization. How to create and sustain a Learning Culture in Organizations For an organization to create and sustain a learning culture, there is a need for it to, first of all, do an environmental analysis. The environmental analysis should focus on where the organization is, where it wants to be in the future, what it has already done in an effort to reach there, what resources are available, what needs to be done to make the organization reach its destination, who are its customers or clients, what are its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats as well as its history. After the environmental analysis, the organization should embark on a fact-finding mission, focusing on how to utilize its human resources effectively as a means of realizing its objectives. This can be done through the formulation of a strategic plan with two main pillars namely the financial and the social pillars; with the financial pillar comprising the financial resources available for the organization and the social pillar comprising the creation of a good organizational culture which would make the employees motivated. Trilogy University This university was started by the founder of Trilogy as a corporate training department. The aim of the university was to prepare recruits before they joined the organization. It was also supposed to play a leading role in the invention of new ideas on computer software, incubation of the ideas and development of new products for the organization. It also played the role of indoctrinating the new employees with Trilogy culture so that once they joined the organization, they were able to take it to the next level of development and make it a company of choice for many customers. The university was therefore very successful in the first five years in that it managed to increase the revenue of the organization, increase the number of products and also the number of employees. The other success was that it managed to make the organization very competitive, especially due to the brilliant ideas initiated and developed from the university. Due to the excellent results of the university, Trilogy was at some point competing with other giants in the computer industry such as Microsoft. The university also made Trilogy the organization of choice for many young graduates; the key reason being that it offered a conducive environment for career growth and development. As one of the recruits put it, “The culture of the company was fascinating. It’s a young upstart. It combines 100% work, 100% fun, and 100% play all at the same time”. At the wake of the millennium, Trilogy was faced with stiff competition with competitors like SAP threatening to dislodge it from the industry. These new developments made the founder and the board of directors to change their strategy and shift from the production of a wide array of computer software to making industry-specific products to remain competitive in the industry. These new developments also necessitated an internal restructuring of the organization, which saw the introduction of general managers, who were to be in charge of various business units. In the new structure, each general manager for each business unit was to be in charge of the costs of recruiting and training new employees joining their respective business units. This was believed to enhance the effectiveness of the training and also make it customized to specific business units. The new strategy was also believed to cut on the costs of running the university and therefore, the role played by the university was technically adopted by the business units thus rendering the university an idle corporate department, which according to senior managers was supposed to be disbanded since it was not featuring anywhere in the new organizational structure. However, the founder of the organization was of the view that an agreement to disband the university was synonymous to killing the organization because all the developments witnessed in the organization were attributed to the university and therefore, he believed that they should find a way of aligning the university with the new structure of the organization. Changes which need to be affected Since it is not possible to disband the university, it just needs to be realigned so that it fits in the new structure of the organization. The best approach to this issue is for the organization to detach the university from itself and make it a university for computer software. Instead of looking at the university as a luxurious project, the management should look at it as a way of generating extra income for the organization. This is because for organizations to become competitive, they must diversify their investments such that if one industry becomes more competitive or generates low profits, the organizations can use the income from other investments and by so doing; they can survive economic challenges such as competition or recession. The organization, therefore, needs to set aside or source for funds for revamping the university. Such funds should be used for the development of curriculum, employment of lecturers, and construction of hostels for the students. Through this, the organization will be able to generate extra revenue for its expansion. It will also be able to increase their popularity since many of the students may become future customers or bring new customers to the organization. This idea is possible and practicable considering the passion and confidence the founder of the organization had in the university. He only needs to convince the senior managers about it, and when everything is put in place, then the future of the university will be brighter than it is at present.
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