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answer the following three tasks ,i need original work

answer the following three tasks ,i need original work. Need help with my Computer Science question – I’m studying for my class.

Mini Case: Capstone Case: New Century Wellness Group
New Century Wellness Group offers a holistic approach to healthcare with an emphasis on preventive medicine as well as traditional medical care. In your role as an IT consultant, you will help New Century develop a new information system.
Background
You began the systems analysis phase by conducting interviews, reviewing existing reports, and observing office operations. (Your instructor may provide you with a sample set of interview summaries.)
The New Century medical team performs services and medical procedures, which are coded according to the American Medical Association’s Current Procedure Terminology (CPT). CPT codes consist of five numeric digits and a two-digit suffix, and most insurance payers require the codes to be included with billing information.
The new system must be able to handle the new ICD-10 procedure coding system, which will be required by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) beginning October 1, 2014. ICD-10 codes consist of seven alphanumeric characters, which can be electronically transmitted and received. New Century’s information system must interface with 25 California health insurance providers. The new system represents an opportunity for significant cost saving for New Century, and more convenience for patients, who will be able to go online to update medical information, schedule appointments, and request medical records.
During your fact-finding, you learned that the clinic requires various reports, as follows:
Daily appointment list for each provider. The list shows all scheduled appointment times, patient names, and services to be performed, including the procedure code and description.
Daily report call list, which shows the patients who are to be reminded of their next day’s appointments. The call list includes the patient name, telephone number, appointment time, and provider name.
Weekly provider report that lists each of the providers and the weekly charges generated, plus a month-to-date (MTD) and a year-to-date (YTD) summary as well as profit distribution data for the partners.
Monthly patient statement, which includes the statement date, head of household name and address, previous month’s balance, total household charges MTD, total payments MTD, and the current balance. The bottom section of the statement shows activity for the month in date order. For each service performed, a line shows the patient’s name, the service date, the procedure code and description, and the charge. The statement also shows the date and amount of all payments and insurance claims. When an insurance payment is received, the source and amount are noted on the form. If the claim is denied or only partially paid, a code is used to explain the reason. A running balance appears at the far right of each activity line.
Weekly Insurance Company Report.
Monthly Claim Status Summary.
In addition to these reports, the office staff would like automated e-mail and text messaging capability for sending reminders to patients when it is time to schedule an appointment. Data also needs to be maintained on employers who participate in employee wellness programs. This information can be used for marketing purposes throughout the year. Finally, the new system needs to track employee schedules, attendance, vacation time, and paid time off.
Now you are ready to organize the facts and prepare a system requirements document that represents a logical model of the proposed system. Your tools will include DFDs, a data dictionary, and process descriptions.
Tasks
(30 pts) Prepare a context diagram for New Century’s information system. (Follow the textbook standards for diagram. Please see Fig 5-12)
(45 pts) Prepare a diagram 0 DFD for New Century (See Fig 5-13). Be sure to show numbered processes for handling appointment processing, payment and insurance processing, report processing, and records maintenance. Also, prepare lower-level DFDs for two numbered process. (Follow the textbook standards for diagram. Please see Fig 5-14)
(25 pts) Prepare a list of data stores and data flows needed for the system. Under each data store, list the data elements required. (Please read section 5.6 carefully not to miss any items. Please note that you don’t need to use any special software to create this list)
answer the following three tasks ,i need original work

For each module each week, you will write an annotation on the film Silence of the Lambs directed by Jonathan Demme, having to write a one-paragraph annotation (one page or 200 words maximum) about the film, Include a strong thesis and three terms in each annotation. Do not include the same terms each week. Also, include one outside source. More information: You will use critical thinking by applying not only the journalistic questions (who, what, when where, why, how) but also the topoi (such as examples, definitions, evaluations, classifications, comparisons, contrasts, causes, and results) in your annotations about the stories, podcasts, and films. (See the documents and podcasts for information about the journalistic questions and topoi, also known as “topics of invention”). You must annotate one reading, movie, or podcast each week, and each annotation shall consist of one paragraph that is at the very least 150 words and at most 200 words–which is about three-fourths of a page to a whole page). It is these annotations of the readings, podcasts, and films that determine your course grade. Each week, you will chose either one assigned reading, one assigned film, or one assigned podcast to respond to. Use a variety — for example, a reading for week one, a podcast for week 2, a film for week 3, etc. You will be required to use three terms for each annotation each week. These terms should be in bold. You will find the terms in the Course Documents section. If terms are not included and highlighted, points will be deducted. Remember that the purpose of each annotation is to show your understanding of the reading, podcast, or film by analyzing with the terms, not just summarizing the reading, podcast, or film. Do not use the same terms each week. For every annotation, use new terms as you will locate substantial terms in the course documents section. Also of extreme importance is that you include a strong thesis at the beginning of your assignment. Lastly, you will include one source (cited) that relates to your assignment. You will use the elements of fiction and the elements of film–primarily character, plot, setting, narratorial point-of-view (“focalization”), style, and theme–to analyze the primary sources, which consist of the required readings, podcasts, and movies. (See the docs on the elements of fiction and film.) Students will demonstrate mastery in non-fictional writing (also known as “composition” and “explanatory prose”). Doing so requires not only increasingly thorough critical thinking, but also increasingly sophisticated organization, diction, and syntax. The annotations comprise the evidence. Students will also show mastery of a genre by analyzing typical characters, plots, settings, narratorial points of view, styles, and themes characteristic of the genre at hand (which will be one of the following: westerns, crime, science fiction, horror, Gothic, weird fiction, fantasy, or magical realism.)
Glasgow Caledonian University Remote Working Persuasive Presentation.

You’ve already honed in on one persuasive presentation topic and
developed a strong outline. In order to reinforce your persuasive
argument in a visual way, consider how you might create digital scenery
through a slideshow. Utilizing the 21st century presentation rules
you’ve been reading, learning, and studying in Modules 5 and 6, follow
the instructions below to create a slideshow for your Persuasive
Presentation.———————————————Step One – Selecting the Right Tool: The first step in
creating an effective slideshow is selecting the tool you know best. For
this assignment, you may design your slideshow in Keynote®, PowerPoint®, or Google Slides™. You will submit a PowerPoint® (PPTX) file for this assignment, but both Keynote® and Google Slides™ may be converted into this file type. Step Two – Putting Revised Outline in Presenter’s Notes: Next,
you will revise your outline from Module 5 based on your instructor’s
feedback. Put your revised outline in the Presenter’s Notes of your
slideshow. This will allow you to develop slides based on your
presentation’s content. A good rule of thumb is to only share one main idea per slide, so use this best practice to incorporate your outline into the Presenter’s Notes.
Step Three – Create Slides: After you’ve incorporated
your outline into your Presenter’s Notes, develop a slideshow based on
the best practices for visual design you’ve learned from your Module 5
and 6 readings, videos, and lessons. Be sure to apply the
following slide design rules:
Limit the
amount of text on each slide. You will speak the information in the
Presenter’s Notes, so there is no need to include that information
word-for-word on the slides.
Apply
the picture superiority effect by finding one large, clear image to
include on each slide. Add a little bit of relevant text on top.
Stick to one main idea per slide.
Eliminate
“noise” and clutter (too many fonts, too many colors, overlapping
images, etc.). Instead, focus on simplicity and tidiness.To submit your Module 6 – Assignment: Persuasive Presentation Slides, please save your slideshow as a PowerPoint® (PPTX) file. Ensure that your slides as well as your Presenter’s Notes have been included in the PPTX file before submitting.——————————————————-I will upload the outline that you wrote which was very excellent. Please read the assignment very carefully, and please do the required work perfectly as usual, working with you.
Glasgow Caledonian University Remote Working Persuasive Presentation

Sociology homework help. Purpose: The student mustÿdemonstrate the ability to research and write effectivelyÿon a topic in medical ethics (see the list below). The assignment develops the research abilities, the writing techniques, and the organization skills necessary to prepare an analytical and thoughtful expositionFormat: Typed, double-spaced, and titled, withÿ1 inch margins all around; Times New Roman font, size 12, stapled. Number every page. Theÿtextÿof the paper should beÿ5ÿpages in length.ÿ The text should be written in the third person. Every source of information used in the paper must be appropriately attributed and cited in APA format.ÿ For APA information, consult the links posted on Moodle or the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) atÿhttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/.1. Content and Research: Begin byÿinformingÿyourself about some of the current topics in bioethics and the resources that are available for researching topics in bioethics. There are many resources that explore these issues from the disciplines of medicine, nursing, law, philosophy, religion, economics, history, politics, and others. When you search on the Internet, look for information at appropriate websites; i.e. non-commercial sites that have no particular vested interest in promoting a particular viewpoint. Some commercial sites are useful if they provide links to quality sites or summaries of information.ÿ But in the bioethics arena, you must be alert to identifying and discerning special interest biases when you search on the Internet. Do not overlook the library! There are many excellent books written on bioethics topics readily available in Kresge Library, Rochester Hills Public Library and other local public libraries.2. Once you have a feel for what you might be interested in further exploring,ÿselectÿan ethical dilemma from the list below. Select the topic as early as possible so that you have adequate time to research the topic in general and think about the ethical and legal issues involved.ÿ3.ÿResearchÿthe current literature (e.g. books and peer-reviewed articles) on the legal and bioethical issues involved.You will need toÿciteÿat least five sources of research in your paper.Select a minimum of three peer-reviewed professional/ scholarly journal articlesrelevant to your topic toÿdeepenÿyour knowledge of the ethical dilemma.ÿÿ4. Now conduct anÿanalysisÿof the dilemma by: 1) applying three of the major moral principles (NOT ethical theories) learned in class and explained in your text book to this dilemma; and 2) determining a solution to the dilemma.ÿIn your paper you willÿdescribeÿthe bioethical dilemma in the factual situation andÿinformÿthe reader of any necessary factual background.ÿÿDefineÿthe key terms used in the analysis andÿdiscussÿthe alternative points of view on the dilemma using the bioethics and legal principles learned in class.ÿÿFocusÿonÿthree moral principlesÿassociated with the dilemma.ÿ (It is not necessary to describe the dilemma using every principle discussed in class.)ÿ HINT: Discuss the dilemma with classmates and others to help you formulate your analysis.ÿ The paper will conclude with your viewpoint onÿhow to resolveÿthe dilemma based on the research and application of the moral principles.Evaluation: The Case Analysis will be evaluated on:ÿ (a) yourÿunderstandingÿof the bioethical and legal principles involved; (b) evidence of information literacy by being aÿcritical consumerÿand user of the informed literature in presenting your analysis; (c) evidence ofÿcritical thinkingÿskills through appropriate drawing of conclusions; (d) evidence of evaluation and discussion of theÿrelevanceÿof findings; and (e) evidence of effectiveÿcommunicationskills in the written case analysis. Specifically, the following items will be evaluated in grading the Case Analysis:Yourÿwriting: Punctuation, grammar, spelling, organization, professional style of writing, length of paper, and referencing technique; and theÿcontent:Accurate and appropriate information from refereed and quality sources, completeness, appropriate choice of ethical arguments, no inclusion of superfluous or repetitive information, integration of information, appropriate depth, thorough and well-grounded analysis, and well-supported arguments for student?s point of view.Content and Research: Begin by informing yourself about some of the current topics in bioethics and the resources that are available for researching topics in bioethics. There are many resources that explore these issues from the disciplines of medicine, nursing, law, philosophy, religion, economics, history, politics, and others. When you search on the Internet, look for information at appropriate websites; i.e. non-commercial sites that have no particular vested interest in promoting a particular viewpoint. Some commercial sites are useful if they provide links to quality sites or summaries of information.ÿ But in the bioethics arena, you must be alert to identifying and discerning special interest biases when you search on the Internet. Do not overlook the library! There are many excellent books written on bioethics topics readily available in Kresge Library, Rochester Hills Public Library and other local public libraries.Once you have a feel for what you might be interested in further exploring, select an ethical dilemma from the list below. Select the topic as early as possible so that you have adequate time to research the topic in general and think about the ethical and legal issues involved. Research the current literature (e.g. books and peer-reviewed articles) on the legal and bioethical issues involved.You will need to cite at least five sources of research in your paper.Select two peer-reviewed professional/scholarly journal articles relevant to your topic to deepen your knowledge of the ethical dilemma.ÿ You will then conduct an analysis of the dilemma by applying three of the major moral principles (NOT ethical theories) learned in class and explained in your text book to this dilemma and determining a solution to the dilemma.ÿThe paper will describe the bioethical dilemma in the factual situation and inform the reader of any necessary factual background.ÿ It also will define the key terms used in the analysis.ÿ The paper will discuss the alternative points of view on the dilemma using the bioethics and legal principles learned in class.ÿ The paper should focus on three moral principles associated with the dilemma.ÿ It is not necessary to describe the dilemma using every principle discussed in class.ÿ Discuss the dilemma with classmates and others to help you formulate your analysis.ÿ The paper will conclude with your viewpoint on how to resolve the dilemma based on the research and application of the moral principles.Evaluation: The Case Analysis will be evaluated on:ÿ (a) your understanding of the bioethical and legal principles involved; (b) evidence of information literacy by being a critical consumer and user of the informed literature in presenting your analysis; (c) evidence of critical thinking skills through appropriate drawing of conclusions; (d) evidence of evaluation and discussion of the relevance of findings; and (e) evidence of effective communication skills in the written case analysis.The particular items that will be evaluated in grading the Case Analysis include: Writing: Punctuation, grammar, spelling, organization, professional style of writing, length of paper, and referencing technique. Content:Accurate and appropriate information from refereed and quality sources, completeness, appropriate choice of ethical arguments, no inclusion of superfluous or repetitive information, integration of information, appropriate depth, thorough and well-grounded analysis, and well-supported arguments for student?s point of view.Sociology homework help

Chickpea’s Importance in the World Research Paper

Chickpea’s Importance in the World Research Paper. Introduction Chickpea is leguminous crop, which offers a good nutrition to people across the world. It is common in Afro-Asian countries where there is a favorable tropical and sub-tropical climate. Moreover, Afro-Asian countries have fertile soils that provide robust nutrients to chickpea. Chickpea ranks second after soybean as the common leguminous crop that people grow and consume across the world. Therefore, its study is significant because chickpea has nutritional and economic importance in the world. Scientific Name Fabaceae and Faboideae are family and subfamily names of chickpea respectively. The generic name of chickpea is Cicer, while the specific name is arietinum. Therefore, the scientific name of chickpea is Cicer arietinum. Brief Overview: Economic Importance; Where grown; Uses Chickpea has great economic importance because it ranks second after soybean as the common leguminous crop that farmers grow and people consume across the world. Since chickpea is one of the major legumes that people consumed around the world, it generates a lot of income to farmers who are mainly in Afro-Asian countries. Countries such as India, Pakistan, Australia, Turkey, and Burma are major producers of chickpea because they have favorable climate and fertile soils. According to Sharma, Yadav, Singh, and Kumar, chickpea has important nutrition because it has quality proteins and sufficient carbohydrates (805). Hence, due to nutritional significance, chickpea provides nutrition to both humans and livestock. For instance, Indians use chickpea in making Indian cuisines such as hummus, salads, and stew. Moreover, farmers use some of chickpea in making animal feed for their livestock. Focus Areas of this Report To enhance understanding of chickpea, the report focuses on pathology, nutrition, biotechnology, secondary metabolites, ecology, domestication, and breeding and genetic resources as aspects of chickpea. Pathology Fungal Infections Chickpea is susceptible to a number of fungal infections. For example, ascochyta blight is a dominant fungal infection caused by Ascochyta rabiei. In countries such as Western Australia and India, farmers have experienced reduced yields in crop production due to ascochyta blight infections on their crops. According to the Department of Agriculture and Food, the susceptibility of chickpea to ascochyta blight infection varies depending on the crop’s variety and the level of fungicide protection applied (par. 4). An infected plant has black spots, brown margins, and gray centers on the stems and leaves. Thereafter, the stems break causing the plant to wilt and eventually die. Usually, the stem damage is the major cause poor yields experienced by chickpea farmers in most countries. Infections usually take place when seed batches that have the fungus, or small pieces of trash infested with the disease causing fungi are transferred to a an area initially free from the infection. Evidently, low level of seed infection can cause a significant outbreak of the disease in a chickpea plantation, and affect the overall crop production. Bacterial Infection Chickpea farmers have continually experienced declining yields in the overall productivity of the plant. The declining productivity is attributable to bacterial infections that affect the crops. One of the notable bacteria that infest chickpea is Pseudomonas syringae that causes bacterial blight. When infected the stems look appear soaked and later turn into olive green. The stems eventually develop purple brown spots and break. Moreover, the leaves become brown or black and take the shape of a fan. They later turn yellow and build up brown papery spots on their lesions. Usually, an infection takes place on flowers and in sepals. The infection kills the flower buds before they open, and thus prevents pollination and reduces crop yield in chickpea (Crop Gene Bank par. 4). Infestation occurs when fresh uninfected plants mix with diseased plants and trash. This is because the bacterium can survive in the diseased plant for several months. Insects also may spread the infections to new plants during pollination. Pests Chickpea has a number of insect pests. Among many pests, pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera), is the dominant one. The pest causes serious crop damage in countries like Australia, Mediterranean, and Asia. Yadav, Naveen, Redden, Chen, and Sharma, state that, pod borers can cause a loss of over 25-40% on chickpea farms, a figure that amounts to $325 million per year (2). The pests lay their eggs on the young pods and flowers of chickpea, while the larvae feed on the young leaves; hence, destroy seedlings of the plant. Moreover, the larvae of pod borers attack chickpea by boring holes on flower buds, pods, and maturing seeds. Therefore, the overall productivity of chickpea is affected. Effect on Production or Yield Fungi, bacteria, and pests have detrimental effects on chickpea plants. Across the world, farmers incur huge losses every year because of the damages caused by the fungi, bacteria, and pests. In the Australian, Indian, and Mediterranean regions, fungal diseases such as ascochyta blight adversely affect the productivity of the plant. Department of Agriculture and Food, pests and diseases cause significant reduction in chickpea yields in many countries around the Mediterranean region (par. 1). On the other hand, bacterial infections are also destructive as farmers who plant chickpea incur great losses. For example, during winter, farmers in southern France, South Africa, and New Zealand, experience serious infections of bacterial blight, which has a negative impact on the yield and productivity of chickpea. Furthermore, pests such as pod borers destroy chickpeas. Therefore, fungi, bacteria, and pests, affect the yield of chickpea and reduce their overall productivity in many countries around the world. Ways of Management In the management of fungal and bacterial diseases of chickpea, infected crops should be isolated from the new plants because isolation reduces the introduction of the disease on the uninfected seeds. Moreover, farmers can also employ extensive crop rotation so that they can minimize the spread of infections within a single paddock. In addition, farmers can use fungicides and bactericides at the initial stages of the crop to reduce the risk associated with early infections. To control pests, farmers can employ a number of strategies that are available. According to Acharjee and Sarmah, these strategies include rotational planting, spacing, time of sowing, inter cropping, fertilizer application, strip-cropping, wide hybridization, and germ-plasma screening (par. 4). Farmers can use these strategies to reduce the effects of fungal and bacterial diseases and in the control of pests. Nutrition Human Nutrition Chickpea is an important leguminous crop because it provides nutrition to significant number of people in different parts of the world. Like other legumes, chickpea provides important nutrition to humans. Sharma, Sanjeev, Yadav, Singh, and Kumar state that chickpea provides quality proteins and good starch, which form part of human nutrition (808). Given chickpea is among the dominant legumes, it helps in meeting the protein and starch needs that humans require in their nutrition. According to Jukanti, Gaur, Gowda, and Chibbar, “in the semi-arid tropics, chickpea is an important component of the diets of those individuals who cannot afford animal proteins or those who are vegetarian by choice” (11). Thus, chickpea offers cheap and quality proteins to the poor and vegetarians. Additionally, the starch provides carbohydrates and roughages that form a vital component of human nutrition. Importance Worldwide Across the world, chickpea is an important leguminous crop not only in terms of nutrition, but also economically. Countries in the Middle East, North Africa, southern Europe, Australia, and Asia rely on chickpea as a source of food and commercial product. Jukanti, Gaur, Gowda, and Chibbar report that, “during 2006 and 2009, the global chickpea production area was about 11.3 million hectares, with a production of 9.6 million metric tons and an average yield of 849 kg per hectare” (11). Out of this production, India alone produces about 66% of the world’s production. Thus, India is the major exporter of chickpea in the world. Farmers in India and other countries that grow chickpea earn money when they export their produce to different importers in various countries. Therefore, due to its nutritional and economic importance, Food and Agricultural Organization regards chickpea as the second dominant legume after soybean, which is grown and consumed across the world. Nutrients that It Provides Chickpea provide important nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Chickpea has quality proteins that can supplement essential amino acids such as isoleucine, leucine, and tryptophan. Sharma, Yadav, Singh, and Kumar state that the protein content of chickpea is about 18-31% depending on the variety of chickpea (805). While kabuli variety of chickpea has the highest content of protein, desi variety of chickpea has the lowest content of protein. In addition to proteins, chickpea has carbohydrates in the form of fats, starch, and fibers. The fats that are present in chickpea are unsaturated and have low levels of cholesterol, and thus good for human consumption (Sharma, Sanjeev, Yadav, Singh, and Kumar 806). Moreover, starch and fibers provide energy and roughages respectively. Riboflavin, thiamin, pyridoxine, and niacin are some of the vitamins that are present in chickpea. The presence of these vitamins makes chickpea a nutritious crop. Chickpea also has minerals such as iron, copper, zinc, and magnesium, which are essential in the human body. Biotech Approaches To improve nutritional value of chickpea, biotechnologists have employed a number of approaches. Hybridization is one of the methods that biotechnologists have used in breeding of chickpea to improve its productivity and nutritional value. In hybridization approach, biotechnologists employ single, triple, and multiple crosses when improving genome of chickpea. The combination of the crosses through backcross enables biotechnologists to insert new traits into native breeds or other hybrids. In addition to hybridization approach, genomics-assisted breeding is an underway approach that aims at enhancing the traits of chickpea. Gaur, Jukanti, and Varshney state that application of genomic tools in breeding of chickpea has enhanced its productivity and nutritional value (212). Thus, genomic-assisted breeding is a breeding approach that has a great potential of improving nutritional value, since it entails the incorporation of other genes into chickpea. Biotechnology Biotechnology Methods Biotechnologists have devised numerous ways of ensuring that chickpea has increased resistance to pests and diseases. Helicoverpa armigera (pod borer) is a common pest that severely affects chickpea, and thus reduces yields significantly. To prevent the pest, biotechnologists have developed genetically modified chickpea that is resistant to the pod borer. According to Acharjee and Sarmah, biotechnologists have managed to insert a gene of Bacillus thuringesis (Bt gene), which confers insecticidal property to chickpea, and thus enables it to resist the attack of pod borers (5709). Moreover, biotechnologists have developed chickpea that is resistant to fungal blight. The use of hybridization is another way of improving yields and productivity of chickpea. “Conventional breeding approaches have given over 350 improved cultivars, which have contributed to improved productivity, reduced fluctuations in yield, and enhanced adoption of chickpea to new niches” (Gaur, Jukanti, and Varshney 200). This means that hybridization by crossing the native and the hybrid varieties have enhanced traits of chickpea. Importance of Biotechnology Application of biotechnology in the development of chickpea hybrids that are resistant to pests and diseases has reduced the cost of using pesticides, fungicides, and bactericides. Consequently, resistance of chickpea to pests and diseases leads to increased yields. Gaur, Jukanti, and Varshney assert that the development of hybrids that have enhanced productivity of chickpea because biotechnology improves the traits of the wild chickpea (208). The wild varieties of chickpea are not only susceptible to pests and diseases, but they are also unproductive. Thus, the use of biotechnology is important because it increases the resistance of chickpea to pests and diseases, and improves yields. Chickpea’s Importance in the World Research Paper

UTC Week 5 Artificial Neural Networks & Business Intelligence Discussion

order essay cheap UTC Week 5 Artificial Neural Networks & Business Intelligence Discussion.

I’m working on a artificial intelligence writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.

These are the questions i need answers for1. What is an artificial neural network and for what typesof problems can it be used?2. Compare artificial and biological neural networks. Whataspects of biological networks are not mimicked by artificialones? What aspects are similar?3. What are the most common ANN architectures? Forwhat types of problems can they be used?4. ANN can be used for both supervised and unsupervisedlearning. Explain how they learn in a supervised modeand in an unsupervised mode.5. Go to Google Scholar (scholar.google.com). Conducta search to find two papers written in the last five yearsthat compare and contrast multiple machine-learningmethods for a given problem domain. Observe commonalitiesand differences among their findings andprepare a report to summarize your understanding.6.Go to neuroshell.com. Look at Gee Whiz examples.Comment on the feasibility of achieving the resultsclaimed by the developers of this neural network model.
UTC Week 5 Artificial Neural Networks & Business Intelligence Discussion

Impact of Government Expenditures on Private Consumption

Discuss the implications of a rise in government expenditures on private consumption behaviour. Introduction The following paper will analyse the impact that government expenditure has on the household’s consumption behaviour. Prior to starting the discussion it is imperative to highlight that government expenditure is either in the form of building roads, railways etc. or by changing the level of taxes charged to the individuals in an economy. It is an undisputed fact that the primary economic objective at the micro level is to ensure that resources are efficiently allocated and on the macro level the objectives are mainly to ensure high and sustained levels of economic growth; maintaining low levels of inflation and unemployment and, finally, maintaining a stable level of exchange rate regimes. Government expenditure is one of the tools of the fiscal policy which is used to bring the economy to its full employment level or the equilibrium level. The key indicator for growth in the economy is the Gross Domestic Product or more commonly known as GDP. GDP measures the domestic output in the economy, in other words the production of goods and services in the economy. There are have been various debates centred around the fact whether GDP should be considered a good indicator of growth or not; besides the area of measurement, many development economists also argue that the concept of growth does not take into account the human development side of the economy. In fact all GDP/ GNP (Gross National Product) are concerned about is the level of output. Fiscal policy measures were proposed and Keynes’ to bring the economy out of the recessionary phase and help the economy achieve its macroeconomic objectives and stabilise the economy. However, in the 70s with the presence of stagflation, characterised by periods of stagnation and high levels of inflation, was not cured by fiscal policies as a result of which monetarism emerged and gained popularity. The idea behind increasing government expenditure is to stimulate growth in the economy. Growth will only happen when there is sufficient demand for goods and services. Demand would only exist when people have the income to spend on the goods and services. Hence many a times in order to stimulate demand, government tends to increase create demand by engaging in activities which employs the under utilised resources. Recession is the result of negative or low economic growth. When there is a negative or low level of growth then the firms are forced to cut down on production, reducing levels of production then results in redundancies which lead to an increase in unemployment, therefore taking the economy away from its equilibrium level. Therefore, government expenditure increases the spending power of the households, when the income of the household increases they demand more goods and services. Greater demand creates a ripple effect of firms employing labour to meet the increasing level of demand, this leads to an increase in the production of goods and services, which further results in the rise in the economic growth levels. Governments could increase the income by cutting the taxes charged. Prior to developing this point it is important to highlight that the consumption function which is generally the 45° line was suggested by Keynes. The following diagram depicts the consumption function. Thus Keynes identified various factors on which a household’s consumption would depend, namely: Income, whether current level or anticipated level of income Amount of assets held Taxation – if the people anticipated that the taxes would decrease then the current spending would increase. This would also vary with the fact whether the anticipated decrease in taxes is going to be a long-term change or only for a short period. Consumer tastes and preferences – if the goods in the market do not appeal to the household’s preferences then their consumption levels will decline however and the opposite would be true if goods in the market would be as per the requirements of the consumers. In the event that domestic production of goods and services does not meet the requirements of the consumers or the level of income increases up to a certain extent then the households would be more inclined to import goods. In this scenario the balance of payments situation could be in danger. Increase in import levels would mean that the budget deficit would increase therefore driving the domestic production of goods and services down. This would then result in the opposite which is economic growth would fall as import levels increase. Conclusion From the preceding paragraphs it can be concluded that a rise in government expenditure increases the spending power of the households and it therefore results in a rise in the growth levels. It has also been highlighted that the government has to ensure that in the light of increasing the growth levels it does it at the cost of achieving the opposite which is reduced levels of growth. For instance whilst higher levels of income increases consumer spending it also can have the negative effect of an increase in budget deficit thus the domestic economy would suffer. Moreover, the governments in the light of measuring economic growth should not simply stick to GDP as an indicator, primarily because it tends to ignore many other factors like the social costs, externalities like pollution and environmental affects and besides it may even widen the gap between the rich and the poor. The government thus has a major role to play in maintaining the balance between economic growth by increasing its expenditure levels. Thus in conclusion it can be said an increase in government expenditure stimulates economic growth in the economy by providing a higher level of income to the private households. BIBLIOGRAPHY Gwartney, James D., Stroup, Richard L., and Sobel, Russell S., Economics Private and Public Choice, (2000), Ninth Edition, The Dryden Press. Lumsden, K, Economics, (2003) Pearson Education Taylor, John B., Principles of Economics, (1998), Second Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company Todaro, M.P. and Smith, S.C., Economic Development, Eight Edition, Pearson Addison-Wiley (2003),

Competition at the Workplace Essay

Introduction Employers of many companies persuade their employees to adopt careers that suit their present jobs. To a further extend, employers have a tendency of firing their employees due to confusion between job security and career security. A career is a pursuit of a lifelong objective, vision, or ambition. It entails a process that leads someone to a permanent objective. Job security is the likelihood of individuals to keep their jobs because the chances of such individuals to remain jobless are at the stake of those who have higher qualifications; hence, they strive to minimize the chances of being unemployed due to by maintaining a high degree of hard work or qualification. Therefore, employees have to acquire adequate training to remain competent. Consequently, they have to seek higher qualifications than those of their colleagues. This essay focuses on the following questions, as mentioned in the case study ‘HRM Capstone’. Is JD concerned more with job security or career security? JD is concerned more with job security than career security. He describes the Petroleum and Chemical industry as one that has several projects in-house. Therefore, a competition is realized amongst the employees. This situation has compelled some employees in the firm to acquire further training in an attempt to maintain their competitiveness. A weakness that is realized is that many of the workers are employed on lower ranks due to limited training that the firm offers to the employees (Dekker 373). JD acknowledges the problem by analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that exist within the environment of the company. As an engineer in the company, JD knows that he has the capacity to handle technical assignments. However, he understands that many of his colleagues have better skills than his. To seize the new opportunity in the company, he enrolls for training in the university to advance his skills on software and good work ethics that are required in the company. Eventually, these skills have enabled him to be ranked among the top performers in the company. Consequently, an analysis of the case study reveals that his ambitions are based on job security rather than career security (Picchio 146). Do you agree with JD’s statement “Your knowledge is your portfolio within your current workplace or within the industry? How is this true? Discuss. An examination of the case study reveals that Wallace JD’s objective is to obtain employment in a company that will enable him to develop his career. Contrarily, he seems more focused on the development of skills to maintain his employment status than to develop his career. Career development does not necessarily require employment stability. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, there is a risk of being unemployed or fired because of wrong career involvement. JD does not show the risk involved in his career. He readily joins the college to train further in a bid to maintain the job and attain a promotion. Therefore, I agree with Wallace’s statement “Your knowledge is your portfolio within your current workplace or within the industry” (Picchio 147). What area of HR is involved in the case? Give situations from the case. The case study provides clarity on employment and salary remuneration; hence, it falls under the staffing section in the Human Resource Department. A good example is evident where both internal employment opportunities and training are being offered to the employees. In addition, the issue of promotion to new ranks is under this section. Promotion of employees is evident when Wallace is offered a new position in the company (Picchio146). In conclusion, the workplace has become increasingly competitive. As a result, many employees strive to maintain their competitiveness in terms of skills and knowledge that pertains to the prevailing job conditions rather than the advancement of their careers. In the aforementioned case study, JD Wallace clearly shows his desires to acquire skills and knowledge about his position in the company. Works Cited Dekker, Ronald. Non-Standard Employment and Mobility in the Dutch, British and German Labour Market, Tilburg: Tilburg University Press, 2007. Print. Picchio, Matteo. “Temporary Contracts and Transitions to Stable Jobs in Italy.” Labour 22.1(2008): 147-7. Print.