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Answer DQ questions

Answer DQ questions.

Topic DQ 1: Describe and discuss validity and reliability. Identify the threats to experimental validity. How would you go about designing an experimental study that will control for/reduce any potential threats to validity and reliability in your study? Provide at least two reliable references used to justify your responses.Topic 3 DQ 2: A good experimental design serves three purposes, what are those three purposes? Identify a research project that utilizes a quantitative method design. Explain how you would determine the validity and reliability to both the design and the methods of your research.
Answer DQ questions

Importance of Nature and Nurture Discussion.

What do you think is more important nature or nurture and why? Or is a combination of both that helps young brains develop?*All posts must be at least 6 full paragraphs in length and include direct citationsexample:There has been a long debate over whether we develop our personalities based on what we learn from those around us or if we are innately born with those traits. From what I have seen and read, I believe that it is a combination of both that fosters brain development. I believe there are certain genetic traits that have an influence on brain development as well as environmental factors.I think that for the most part, it is nurture that makes the largest impact on young brain development, however there are a few things that I believe genetics can impact. One example is the several studies on how genetics affects sexuality. Geneticists have found small correlations between variants on certain chromosomes with non-heterosexuality (Price). These studies suggest that sexuality may not be developed based solely on environmental factors, but also from genetics.Another example of how genetics affects brain development can be found in studies on how depression is related to genetics. Depression can have a large impact on an individual’s personality and development. Studies have found that cases of depression are generally 50% genetic, with the rest being caused by psychological and environmental factors (Levinson and Nichols). Based on these facts, there is clearly an extent to which genetics affects brain development.Moving on to the nurture side of the argument, you can look at the different communities of people around the world and find evidence of environmental factors that impact brain development. Those who grow up in lower income communities tend to have lower IQ scores than those who grow up in wealthier communities (Mcleod). The answer to why this occurs is that those who live in the lower income communities have fewer opportunities and resources to learn and grow than those more privileged individuals from wealthy communities.On the more scientific side, a neuroscientist named James Fallon found that he had the brain of a psychopath. He concluded that it was due to growing up in a positive and loving environment that he did not completely develop the traits of a psychopath (Nature vs. Nurture Debate). This example supports the position that environmental factors have a stronger impact on brain development than due genetic ones.In conclusion, I think that both nature and nurture equally influence the development of young brains. I know that I have inherited certain traits from my parents that contribute to my personality and mental health. I also know that if I were to have grown up in a completely different environment, I would likely have a much different personality. We inherit a lot from the genes passed down by our parents, but the environment we grow up in can have an equal impact on how we develop.Nature vs. Nurture Debate. 28 Sept. 2018, (Links to an external site.).Mcleod, Saul. Nature Nurture in Psychology: Simply Psychology. 2018,, Michael. Giant Study Links DNA Variants to Same-Sex Behavior. 20 Oct. 2018,, Douglas F., and Walter E. Nichols. Major Depression and Genetics. v. NurtureI have read and understood the syllabus. As a child grows, their brain begins to be stimulated by who and what is around them. Nature versus nurture has been an ongoing debating for the development of children for many years. Naturally, a child imitates things around them. Whether it is what they do or what they say, it is difficult to raise a perfect child because they see and process every single thing around them since their brain is always growing. Although nature and nurture are both important in the development of a child, nurture has a greater significance in how a child thinks and behaves into their adulthood.In nurture, the environment influences a child. For a child to mature, they are influenced by these factors: poverty, dysfunctional family life, and exposure to violence and homelessness (Valdez, Lecture 1C). The development of their brain can be both physically and cognitively. The brains of two 3-year-old boys were compared (Valdez, Lecture 1C). The first brain was developed at an appropriate pace because they were “cherished by their mother”. The second brain was shriveled due to the abuse and neglect that the child endured. Parents and families greatly influence the development of a child beginning the day they are born. “Children observe and HEAR everything” (Valdez 1C).Through experience, to get a child to comply with any request that you have, you have to say that you’ll give them your phone. It is considered easier to raise a child through technology because they are learning by themselves, but it doesn’t give them a chance to bond with a mother. This is very difficult to argue with as well because although some media may help a child in learning, it may also put them behind because they spend more time looking at the phone than bonding with family. A mother-child bond is critical for a child’s brain to mature properly (Valdez, Lecture 1B). Although it is seen that without this bond, a child is likely to have health problems, become less intelligent, addicted to drugs, etc, (Valdez, Lecture 1C). As they grow into the later stages of development, because their brain has not fully had their “hardware and software” updates, they are behind and could lead them into poor choices. As children grow and start to attend school, they continue to learn behaviors from their peers since their brain is still developing. Especially during stages four (ages 7 to 14) and stage five (ages 12 to 24), they continue to learn other behaviors while in school as well. During these stages, it is where the child matures and changes in their hormones but also have impulsive behaviors. While in school, they start to begin looking for their social identity amongst their peers. This is important because their identity depends on their environment, ethnicity, and location of others who are just like them (Valdez, Lecture 1C). Depending on the environment that they grew up in and how they are with their family, their group may not be well off and thus, leading some children to join a gang. In regards to gangs, those who join for the feeling of having a family. The age group joining is between 14 to 24 (Valdez, p.14) A reminder that during these stages, their brain is not fully developed. Legally they are considered an adult but their brain is not mature until the ages of 23-24. When joining, the gang starts to become very important to them, that it becomes their first priority. They begin to put their gang before religion, family, marriage, community, friendships, and the law (Valdez, Lecture 1B). If joining at a younger age, especially during puberty, their impulses are taking over their decision-making skills, thus may leading them into juvenile crimes. Overall, it is important to understand how the nurturing of a child is important for their development. Especially during the time that they are born, a child will begin to understand the bonds that they have with their families. Having a brain that properly develops over time leads to important skills a child has as they get older. Whether it would be knowing right from wrong or who they surround themselves with. Aside from the behaviors, psychologically, if they are surrounded by warmth and care, they are on their way into properly developing.ReferencesValdez, Al. “Lecture B Week 1”.Canvas.…Valdez, Al. “Lecture C Week 1”.Canvas., Al. Gangs Across America. Chapter 2: Gang Violence.
Importance of Nature and Nurture Discussion

psy2050 history and system week 1pj. I’m working on a Writing exercise and need support.

Outside Reading Assignment
The history of psychology is built upon understanding the work of particular individuals throughout history. Your textbook mentions several major and minor contributors to the understanding of psychology’s history. However, the textbook is one interpretation of the writings and thoughts of these historical figures. To have a better understanding of those thoughts, you need to read samples of the original works.

For this assignment, you will research something that has been written by an individual from the time period(s) being studied (choose a name from the textbook readings) this week.
The work must be something written by the chosen person, but need only be a sample of the chosen historical work and involve only a few pages of writing. Make sure the writing deals with the topics being covered this week.
There are several sources to use to obtain the works; the best place to start is to search for the person’s name on the Internet using Google but you can only utilize this to find information about the person. Use an original historical work by an author of your choice, but keep in mind that you should use peer-reviewed, academic sources for the analysis of this work. You can most easily find these in the South University Online Library.
You can use the textbook to support your work, but do not use it as the primary source. This is an outside reading assignment.
After reading the material, answer these questions:

What were the main points of the writing?
What were the differences and similarities between what you read and what was written about the individual in the textbook?
Based on your own views of psychology, how does the author’s viewpoint fit into your current understanding of psychology?

psy2050 history and system week 1pj

A Goldsmith in His Shop by Petrus Christus Painting Term Paper

A Goldsmith in His Shop by Petrus Christus Painting Term Paper. Believed to be one of the most influential and famous pieces of the Renaissance art, the painting ‘A goldsmith in His workshop, Possible Saint Eligius’ is a 15th century masterpiece of Petrus Christus, a Flemish painter1. The painting depicts a wealthy and neatly dressed but young gold dealer seated in his workshop taking the weight of some gold objects accompanied by a woman and her male companion2. The three characters, their mode of dressing, facial appearances as well as the room and the objects around them suggest a harmonious, orderly and civic business environment3. According to various analysts, the painting was an advertisement for a gold dealer4. A number of scholars have cited that the elegant goldsmith was used to portray Saint Eligius, a 15th-century patron of goldsmiths5. However, other arguments claim that the character was used to represent the 15th-century goldsmiths in Europe. Nevertheless, the main aspect of this masterpiece in art history is the depiction of the society by shifting from the traditional themes of religion to secular themes portrayed by the jovial, dynamic and explicit representation of social aspects of life, relationships, and economic activities. This paper seeks to support this argument by drawing critical evidence from the historical era (Northern Renaissance), artistic appearance, and context of the masterpiece. Born around 1410 in Baarle, Petrus Christus was one of the pioneer Renaissance painters in the Netherlands. At an early age, Christus moved to Bruges, where he obtained influence from Jan van Eyck6. After Jan Eyck’s death in 1441, Christus became the new workshop owner. In 1444, he became a Burges citizen. In fact, scholars have shown that a thin line exists between some of his work and those previously developed by Jan Eyck7. Most of his works resembled those of Eyck. Some of them were actually designed by the mentor prior to his death8. Although his artistic style was essentially based on Italian style, it is unclear whether Christus visited Milan or any other part of the country or whether Italian art merchants brought his work to Milan9. Nevertheless, this work is one of the most influential and symbolic masterpieces of the northern European Renaissance, which shows evidence influence of Italian Renaissance in northern Europe10. From historical perspectives, a number of scholars have argued that the painting was developed to depict St. Eligius, a former patron of goldsmiths who later changed and dedicated his life to God11. It is believed that the painting was one of his advertisements at his gold shop. It is also believed that the painting was done under the patronage of royal and rich merchants in Bruges12. This group is thought to have formed an organization called Bruges Chapel of Goldsmiths in 1449, which commissioned the painting13. Thus, the merchant in red is supposed to be St. Eligius or another popular gold dealer in the city14. The nature and appearance of the painting provide evidence of the artist’s adherence to the European Renaissance, especially the Northern Renaissance in the 14th to 16th centuries. For instance, it is made on “oil on oak panel,” the most popular materials of the time. It is relatively large, measuring about 39 3/8 by 33 ¾ inches15. The painted surface is about 38 5/8 by 33 ½ square inches16. Like Christus’ other works such as ‘the Head of Christ’ or the work of other renaissance artists such as ‘Mona Lisa’ by Da Vinci, this work shows evidence of the freedom to apply color, themes and use of lines and perspective. The choice of color is one of the most important aspects of the work that provide evidence of the artist’s allegiance with the European Renaissance. For instance, almost every item in the painting appears bright and attractive. The clothes are worn by the three individuals, the items in the room, and the counter table are developed suing different bright colors. The use of light and shade is evident. For instance, in the foreground, where the characters and the main themes of commerce and romance are portrayed, bright colors are used to provide evidence of illumination17. The items on the background, though well lit, are developed with less bright colors to establish a contrast between them and the events on the foreground. It is also worth noting the aspect of perspective in the painting. For instance, the objects and characters in the foreground are larger than the objects in the background, creating a linear perspective18. In fact, these are some of the major characteristics and themes of the European Renaissance in arts. The freedom to choose the color, lines, light, and shade, and perspective played a significant role during the transformation of arts from religious to secularity19. The content and subject of the work have remained a topic of debate over the centuries. First, the original setting of the work, the painting’s objective, function, and patronage are open to debate. An important aspect of this debate is the subject matter. An analysis of the content provides evidence that the setting was in a merchant’s shop rather than a goldsmith’s workshop20. The painter portrays three elegantly dressed individuals conversing about the items on the table. One of the individuals, the goldsmith or the shop owner, is seated behind the counter table. He is holding a simple lever-balance for balancing a gold weight (which looks like a finger ring) against another unspecified weight reference. Two small but shinny gold rings are lying on the table alongside other weights and small metal vases. The merchant is elegantly dressed, with a clean red gown that represents those worn by rich individuals in the renaissance period. Behind him are two individuals- a female and a male companion. The young woman is stretching her hand softly, pointing at the golden ring being measured21. The young woman is also sumptuously clothed, with a large veil that seems to be a wedding gown. In addition, her male companion is holding her softly in her back and seems to be conversing with her. It is evident that the main subject matter in this painting revolves around the sale of a wedding ring. In fact, the sumptuous clothes worn by the two couples are typical of the 15th-century wedding gowns worn by betrothed couples22. Gold rings, bracelets, and other luxurious items were part of the secular aspect of weddings. In addition, gold was one of the major measures of wealth alongside money. It was highly valued, which shows evidence of the subject’s deviation from religious to secular aspects of wedding, love, and romance. In addition, the betrothal girdle resting on the table is a symbol of chastity. On the tales, a round mirror reflects two older men standing outside the shop23. They are staring at the three people in the shop, with one holding a falcon. During the renaissance period, a falcon was used to symbolize pride or greed. Thus, the two men outside the shop are likely admiring the gold in possession of the goldsmith or the couple’s clothing24. The entire environment in the goldsmith’s shop provides a fascinating scene, with well-arranged items that appear expensive. For instance, the shelf at the background displays a number of items such as gemstones and other jewelry. Evidently, the shop does not deal with gold only. It is a jewelry shop dealing with expensive products. However, a number of other items appearing on the background suggest that the couple belongs from one of the royal families in the city. For instance, a coral, some rubies and sapphires are seen arranged on the rack below the displayed jewelry. According to Ainsworth and Martens,25 The society of the time valued these items, which were quite expensive. For example, it was believed that coral had the power to cure hemorrhage. Rubies were used as an antiseptic agent. In addition, sapphires were thought to cure ulcers. Moreover, the painting portrays some serpent tongues hanging above the coral, and a goblet is partly hidden by a curtain. According to Ainsworth and Christiansen26, these items had a number of meanings. The serpent’s tongues were used as a litmus test to determine whether food or drinks contained poisons. They changed color in the presence of poison27. These aspects indicate that the two are here to purchase jewelry as well as items that are likely to protect them from harm. The evils of society are portrayed by the inclusion of these items. In the era, newly married couples in northern Europe and other parts of the continent were threatened by superstitious and physical harm, especially those from royal and rich families. Thus, it was necessary to seek for these items because they were believed to confer a high degree of protection28. It is also worth noting the painter’s ability to describe the mixture of religious beliefs with non-religious aspects. For instance, apart from the jewelry and the protection objects, the artist includes a crystal container for Eucharistic wafers as well as a scale used to measure the gold. According to Sterling,29 These two items symbolize religious aspects, with the balance scales representing the last judgment in the bible. Therefore, the artist was attempting to portray the impact of religious and non-religious beliefs in the society, a common aspect of the society during the Renaissance. Apart from the commercial and secular aspects of the painting, civic aspects of the picture are evident. For instance, the business environment is cool, harmonious, and soft. The merchant is looking at something above the ground, probably on the wall in front of his office. He is probably referring to some standards on the wall or referencing to a standard measure in his mind. This is evidence that weights and measures played an important role in business and commerce to reduce exploitations30. In addition, the business is being conducted in a small shop across one of the streets, with no security provided. Thus, it is clear that the society had taken steps to increase its civil service and take responsibilities. In conclusion, it is clear that the painting provides evidence of the artist’s allegiance with the Northern Renaissance. Apart from history, it is clear that the artistic style, themes, and topic have drifted from an absolute focus on religion to a mixture of secular and socioeconomic aspects. Bibliography Ainsworth, Maryan, and Keith Christiansen. From Van Eyck to Bruegel. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008. Ainsworth, Maryan, and Maximiliaan Martens. Petrus Christus: Renaissance Master of Bruges. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. Ainsworth, Maryan. Petrus Christus in Renaissance Bruges: An Interdisciplinary Approach. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. Bauman, Guy. “Early Flemish Portraits.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 43, no. 4 (2004): 1425–1525. Martens, Maximiliaan. “New Information on Petrus Christus’s Biography and the Patronage of His Brussels Lamentation.” Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art 20, no.1 (2011): 5–23. Petrus Christus. “A Goldsmith in His Shop, Possibly Saint Eligius.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, 1998, edited by Maryan Ainsworth, 175-181. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008. Sterling, Charles. “Observations on Petrus Christus.” The Art Bulletin 53, no. 1 (2009): 1–26. Footnotes 1 Guy Bauman, “Early Flemish Portraits,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 43, no. 4 (2004): 1424. 2 Petrus Christus, “A Goldsmith in His Shop, Possibly Saint Eligius” in Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, 1998, ed. Maryan Ainsworth (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008), 76. 3 Maximiliaan Martens, “New Information on Petrus Christus’s Biography and the Patronage of His Brussels Lamentation,” Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art 20, no.1 (2011): 9 4 Charles Sterling “Observations on Petrus Christus,” The Art Bulletin 53, no. 1 (2009): 1 5 Maryan Ainsworth, Petrus Christus in Renaissance Bruges: An Interdisciplinary Approach (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995), 281 6 Maryan Ainsworth and Keith Christiansen, From Van Eyck to Bruegel (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008), 172 7 Maryan Ainsworth and Maximiliaan Martens, Petrus Christus: Renaissance Master of Bruges (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994), 321 8 Sterling, 7 9 Bauman, 1437 10 Martens, 23 11 Ainsworth and Martens, 329 12 Ainsworth and Christiansen, 188 13 Christus, 59 14 Bauman, 1436 15 Christus, 44 16 Christus, 44 17 Sterling, 9 18 Ainsworth and Christiansen, 129 19 Ainsworth and Martens, 367 20 Ainsworth and Martens, 389 21 Sterling, 11 22 Ainsworth and Christiansen, 124 23 Sterling, 11 24 Ainsworth and Martens, 412 25 Ainsworth and Martens, 417 26 Ainsworth and Christiansen, 229 27 Sterling, 16 28 Ainsworth and Christiansen, 121 29 Sterling, 21 30 Ainsworth and Martens, 231 A Goldsmith in His Shop by Petrus Christus Painting Term Paper

SOWK 6347 OLLU Reduce Or Stop the Consumption of Chips Single Case Design Presentation

term paper help SOWK 6347 OLLU Reduce Or Stop the Consumption of Chips Single Case Design Presentation.

This assignment is meant to help you gain a better understanding of planning, implementing, analyzing anddiscussing evaluation in practice with clients.InstructionsYou will design, conduct and analyze a single case design using yourself as the “client”. As you think aboutdeveloping and undertaking this, be sure to keep in mind feasibility, measurability and time constraints. Theassignment will consist of the steps below and will culminate in a PowerPoint presentation due in Week 6.Step 1: Goal IdentificationIdentify something that you would like to change or improve and explain the reason(s) forchoosing it. Goals are rather broad, but the possibilities are endless such as improving health,sleeping better, or reducing stress. Please do not attempt to change anything that couldnegatively impact your health or requires medical supervision.Step 2: Objective and Dependent VariableThis critical step involves narrowing your goal down to a specific objective and deciding how youwould measure it (dependent variable). If the goal was to sleep better, the objective might be toget at least 7 hours of sleep each night and then the number of hours slept at night would be thedependent variable. If the goal was to improve health, the objective might be to lose 5 poundsand the dependent variable would be weight.Step 3: InterventionThere will be multiple interventions that you could implement to reach your objective and beginto accomplish your goal, but you identify and choose one for this assignment. If you chose toget at least 7 hours of sleep each night, you might choose guided meditation as the intervention.If you chose to lose 5 pounds, you might choose to eliminate sugary drinks from your diet as theintervention.Step 4: Implementation, Monitoring, and Data Gathering PlanFor whichever intervention you select, you will need to develop a plan to carry it out and gathernecessary data. This needs to include how you will monitor implementation of the intervention(e.g., what is the strategy for completing the intervention) and the plan for collecting data on thedependent variable.Step 5: Design Type and Data IllustrationIdentify the type of design that you have chosen for your study; it will likely be an AB, B, or B+design (see Chapter 13 Rubin & Babbie). Briefly explain the reason(s) you chose that design.Create a graph or table (do not hand draw) which visually depicts the data on the dependentvariable you selected, being sure to use appropriate labelling and indicate the point at which theintervention was introduced (if you have an A phase). You may also choose to visually depict other data you may have gathered, but this is not required.Step 6: Data Analysis and FindingsDescribe what you would conclude about your intervention and findings. Was it effective? Why or why not? What obstacles did you encounter during the study and what threats to internal validity (see Chapter 16 of text) may have impacted the results? What would you do differently if you were to do this again?PowerPoint: Your PPT should include at least 1 slide per step. Incorporate at least two professional references into your PPT.
SOWK 6347 OLLU Reduce Or Stop the Consumption of Chips Single Case Design Presentation

De Anza College Film Digital Photography Question

De Anza College Film Digital Photography Question.

I’m working on a film question and need guidance to help me understand better.

Your paper will consist of an introduction about why you chose this photographer, and a summary of their content and aesthetics. Then choose 3 individual images to analyze in detail. Please be specific in your discussion of their technical and aesthetic choices – do they take bold, high contrast images or subtle, softer, lower contrast images? Do they use shallow or great depth of field to organize their frame? Do they use line, shape, texture or repetition to organize and move the eye around the photo? How do these choices support their content, narrative and mood? What are their photos about? Are they personal, political, commercial? What mood do they evoke – funny, happy, melancholy, introspective, fantasy? Then compare at least one of your own photographs to a photograph by the artist you chose. You must include visual examples of the three images you choose to analyze – you can place them into the body of your paper, or include them at the end. Please discuss what you learned from studying this photographer that you applied to your own photographs. To complete the paper, end with a conclusion. You must have a minimum of three sources for this paper (more is better) and you are required to include a bibliography.What I do not want is a 3 page biography copied from Wikipedia. Look for details in this photographer’s history that influences what and how they photograph now (and there definitely might be). If you can find an interview with the photographer, read that – it will give you more insight into your photographer’s process, motivations and inspirations. Don’t just summarize, use critical analysis. I am interested in your thoughts and ideas. The paper should be written in your own personal voice, and not just regurgitated from something you read. Do not choose a photographer simply because you can find out a lot about them (like Ansel Adams), or because they are the only photographer you know. Take the time to choose someone you truly love and your paper will be stronger. Even if you can’t find out much about them, you can still analyze their photographs. Please use the full name or just the last name of the photographer when referring to them, the first name is too informal for this type of paper.I will attach 3 images from the photographer (Arno Rafael Minkkinen) and my photo for compare.
De Anza College Film Digital Photography Question

Is it beneficial for students to attend single-sex schools?

Is it beneficial for students to attend single-sex schools?. The topic for the paper – Is it beneficial for students to attend single-sex schools? For your first essay, you will compare and contrast the rhetorical strategies of two magazine or newspaper articles regarding your topic for the semester. To avoid certain frustration, be sure to choose articles designed to persuade, not merely to inform. These articles may be making similar arguments, or they may be making opposing argument. Regardless, your task is to analyze the rhetorical appeals the authors use. Do not make an argument of your own or inform your audience about the authors’ topic. Identify and assess the authors’ use of ethos, pathos, and logos. Since it’s always important to get right to your topic, I recommend identifying the authors and their articles, by name, in your first sentence (e.g. In “Article A,” M argues X, and in “Article B,” N argues Y). In your first paragraph, establish what the authors are arguing for and how their arguments are different. This summary should be succinct. You will delve into the minutia of the authors’ rhetoric in subsequent paragraphs. In those subsequent paragraphs, identify and assess the authors’ use of ethos, pathos, and logos explicitly (i.e., use the words ethos, pathos, and logos). If an author avoids a rhetorical appeal—say, pathos—discuss what effect this absence has on the argument. Consider the following questions while you’re preparing to write this essay: How do the authors establish their ethos (i.e., their professional qualifications) to earn the audience’s respect? Do the authors cite experts (i.e., use the experts’ ethos) to support their arguments? Do the authors utilize pathos and pull on heartstrings? Do they rely on cheap sentiment? Do they use scare tactics, or do they have a legitimate reason for trying to make their readers feel something? Do they use humor? What are the effects of their emotional appeals? Do the authors rely on sound logic (i.e., logos)? Do they provide supporting facts? Do they use logical analogies? Do they engage in logical fallacies? Do they ignore any relevant information? Do they make a good argument? Why or why not? TIPS Avoid first and second person. You and your readers are probably not characters in either essay. Assume your readers know what ethos, pathos, and logos are. Don’t refer to authors as “the first author” or “the second author.” The same goes for the articles. It is not the reader’s responsibility to remember the arbitrary order you assigned to the authors. Introduce authors by their full names and then refer to them by their last names only. Cite your sources, especially quotes and statistics, with page or paragraph numbers. To review ethos, pathos, and logos, please see the Rhetorical Analysis PowerPoint. A potential eight-paragraph outline for your essay could be this: intro, source-1 ethos, source-1 logos, source-1 pathos, source-2 ethos, source-2 logos, source-2 pathos, conclusion. RECAP Find two argumentative articles—they could both be newspaper articles or magazine articles or one of each. Introduce the authors’ argumentative goals in your first paragraph. In subsequent paragraphs, identify and assess the authors’ use of ethos, pathos, and logos. Conclude with a summation of who makes the most compelling argument and why.Is it beneficial for students to attend single-sex schools?