Animal Rights Essay (Journal #2) Every single human being deserves legal rights, but animals may not need them at all. Animals are different from humans, they are either pets, wild animals or as food. Animals can still have human rights and choose for their own good, but it all depends on a few situations including food, pets, and abusive behaviour. Even though killing an animal for food may be gruesome, it is a necessary source of food for humans to live. If there is a law saying animals can choose to be slaughtered or not, who would know the answer?
A human obviously cannot understand an animal’s feeling, so it is impossible. For instance, if you go ask a cow if it wants to be slaughtered for food or not, how would anyone find out? Cows cannot talk, and they are animals born to be used as food and helping the world population survive. Another point is if every animal deserves to live, what would become of humans? Not only humans, but other animals will be affected too, to the point where the whole food chain dies off. Human bodies are designed to have meat as a nutrition, so without meat, humans may not live.
For example, if eating eggs are considered as animal abuse and that baby chicks shouldn’t be eaten, then the world population would eventually die off, because then every meat and fish you eat will consider as animal abuse. Considering animals to have rights when it comes to food is basically impossible. Humans are often seen with pets, from tiny hamsters to massive dogs. If you were to ask an animal whether to be taken care of by its mother or a human, it is common sense the animal will stick to the mother.
Pets should have a right not to be separated from its mother, but how could the mother take care of the young ones? The mother obviously cannot take care of eight to ten new born animals, so having this right is impossible. For instance, if a mother dog had seven puppies, how could she nurture them? Dogs are not wild animals, so they cannot find food, shelter and hydration all by themselves. A human must take part and care for the puppies at that type of situation.
Also, if a new born was separated from its mother, it will eventually love the new human owner, just like it loved the mother. Adoption is a good example because humans could help lost or abandoned animals. Nonetheless, abusive and violent behaviour towards an animal is unacceptable. Every single animal has no right to be treated poorly, and in fact, is illegal. The animal has every right to proudly keep this right. As mentioned earlier, if killing cows or pigs for food is considered animal abuse, it does not count.
For instance, if you were having a bad day and decide to hit and throw your cat to let your anger out, it is 100 percent illegal and abusive to the animal. However, fur or skin hunting in a case could either be illegal or legal, according to two positions. Firstly, if an animal is being killed or skinned alive just for the fur or skin purpose, the animal must have a right for that. It is horrible to kill an animal for its fur or skin and then just throw the rest away. For example, all skin or fur items should be illegal to make, including snake skin purses, mink fur coats, and lynx fur coats.
Secondly, if an animal is killed for food and fur at the same time, then it should be legal. Since the animal is going to be killed for food anyway, the fur could make good use too. For instance, someone having rabbit soup and wearing a rabbit fur coat is acceptable, considering the rabbit wasn’t skinned alive just for the fur. In conclusion, animals should have some legal rights on some situations, including food, pets and abusive behaviour. An animal is still considered a living thing, so they should be more important and looked more into.
Evaluate the strength of evidence for the Howes and Kapur (2009) dopamine theory of schizophrenia.
Evaluate the strength of evidence for the Howes and Kapur (2009) dopamine theory of schizophrenia..
Choose ONE from the following essay titles
1. Critically evaluate Robinson and Berridge’s Incentive Sensitisation model of drug addiction.
2. Can the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder be explained by the executive dysfunction theory? Evaluate with use of evidence.
3. Kapur claims “The role of dopamine in schizophrenia is one of the few documented and replicated realities in schizophrenia.” Evaluate the strength of evidence for the Howes and Kapur (2009) dopamine theory of schizophrenia.
The criteria we will use to mark/grade your work, made clear to you in advance:
The standard NTU grading scheme will be used as the grading framework. The specific criteria for this assignment are as follows:
1. Breadth and/or depth of knowledge and understanding of the chosen biological model/explanation and its anatomy and physiology in relation to psychological function and behaviour
2. Quality of argument (direction, relevance of material, use of evidence, application to theory, discursive/critical edge, level of insight)
3. Structure, organisation and clarity of material (global level)
4. Skills (clarity of writing at a local level, referencing, effective proof reading, adherence to word limit)
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