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Analyzing writer’s Invention Strategies, African American literature

Analyzing writer’s Invention Strategies, African American literature.

Good evening.there are so many requirements for this paper, and in addition to the instructions attached, I will explain the important info. two Texts from the textbook need to be analyzed for Invention strategies, meaning the different cognitive, social, and other activities the writers had to engage in to create their textAlso, what is being invented? in other words what beliefs, attitudes, ideas emerge or comes out from the texts? these instructions are included in the attachment. the texts are I’ve been to the mountaintop by Martin Luther King Link:…the ballot or the bullet by Malcolm X (also attached as PDF). moving on to the details that are already mentioned in the instructions, just to be sure: -compare and contrast between the two texts-choose a public figure, then analyze invention etc, then compare and contrast with the two texts. -address an audience but indirectly (check the instruction paper for more details)-5-6 pages, double spaced, it needs a visual cover that gives the audience an idea of what the paper will be about. I guess that is everything, let me know if there is any questions.
Analyzing writer’s Invention Strategies, African American literature

MATH 3A UCI Exact Value Difference Quotient & Derivative of Functions Exam Practice.

I’m working on a mathematics question and need guidance to help me understand better.

I’m working on a mathematics question and need guidance to help me all work neatly for credit. No work=no credit. Circle/Box your answers. Do not approximateunless asked to do so.Nographing calculatoror cellphone allowed on all all work neatly for credit. No work=no credit. Circle/Box your answers. Do not approximateunless asked to do so.Nographing calculatoror cellphone allowed on all tests.
MATH 3A UCI Exact Value Difference Quotient & Derivative of Functions Exam Practice

In Article Ⅱ, Section 2 of the Constitution the cabinet is established. The cabinet is made up of the Vice President and the secretaries of 15 executive branch departments. It helps the president in carrying out his education policies and enforcing laws put in place by Congress. The Department of Education is a vital part of our society. Without it, our future leaders would not be educated or educated poorly. One of the main purposes is to, “strengthen the Federal commitment to ensuring access to equal educational opportunity for every individual.” The Department of Education was formed on May 4, 1980, in the Department of Education Organization Act; Section 102, Public Law 96-88. The department’s mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access. The Department of Education is the smallest cabinet-level department. This year the president requested $9 billion or a 13 percent reduction from the 2017 budget. This would help the taxpayers, but it may affect the way the department uses the money. But the department has requested more grant money this year as opposed to last year. For example, in the Title Ⅰ Grants Local Educational Agencies They requested $15,881,500,000 as opposed to last years $14,881,500,000. Betsy DeVos is the current secretary of the department of education. She has been the secretary since February 7, 2017, she won the vote with a 51-50 margin. This was the first time in U.S. history that a Cabinet nominees confirmation required a vice president’s [Mike Pence] historic tiebreaking vote to secure a cabinet post. DeVos has since proved her worth by revising President Barack Obama-era guidelines for student-loan debt relief and rules governing sexual assault cases on college campuses. Elisabeth Dee Prince was born in Holland, Michigan on January 8, 1958. Her parents Edgar and Elsa Prince were both very successful. Her mother was a public-school teacher at a local school near her childhood home. DeVos’s father was a wealthy businessman and that helped push her into the political spotlight. His wealth and influence of their local community helped her get into the eye of the people. Her mother was a big part in getting DeVos interested in education and its aspects. Her parents are also avid donors to very conservative groups such as anti-LGBTQ groups and that made her a bad guy with liberals. This also wasn’t helpful while she was running because she as well donated to these groups. Even though Betsy DeVos didn’t attend public school; all the DeVos children attend a private school. This sparked controversy for DeVos when running for department secretary; with no public-school education or any background in education, it was hard for some people to understand why or how she was fit for the position. This made pleasing people when she got into office much greater of a deal because of the number of people waiting for her to screw up then blame it on her lack of background. This would just give motivation to the newly elected secretary; as she went on to prove most people wrong by working to improve some of the biggest Obama-era controversies. Even though people doubted her because of her lack of experience in the educational community; Trump was able to look past all of that and see an advocate for what is right. She has been focusing on sexual assault case on college campuses. In fact, on August 29, 2018, DeVos proposed a new policy on campus sexual misconduct that would enhance the rights of students accused of assault, harassment or rape, reduce accountability for institutions of higher education and encourage schools to provide more backing for victims. This would make the “definition” of sexual harassment much smaller and only involving school when it has occurred on their campus. This law may only seem to apply to colleges, but it would also apply to elementary, middle and, high schools. The law also would protect teachers, administrators, and other school employees. This would make for a smoother legal process for not only the victim but also the school if it must get involved and quite possibly make the entire process more discrete which would benefit the current and future reputation of both the school and victim without sparing the rightful justice that would be applied to the accused. While DeVos may be our current secretary during the Obama-era we had Arne Duncan. He became secretary on January 20, 2009 when he was confirmed into office by the U.S. Senate following his nomination by [at the time] President Barack Obama. Before becoming secretary of education, Duncan served as the chief executive officer of the Chicago Public Schools; a position he held from June 2001 through December 2008. His parents, Starkey and Susan Duncan, helped him achieve whatever Duncan wanted to do. For nearly 50 years Susan Duncan has run an after-school tutoring project out of church basements on the South Side of Chicago. Her work has helped kids from Chicago’s poorest neighborhoods, and inspired Arne to pursue a career in education. She continues to show up four days a week to help students. His father also helped his interest in education blossom being that he was a psychology professor. He attended the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools. In 1987, he graduated from the Harvard University as a ‘magna cum laude’ with a degree in sociology. One of Arne’s main accomplishments was the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s $100 billion that funded 325,000 teaching jobs. Arne Duncan was huge advocate for gun control in schools; he even went as fat as to tweet, “This is brilliant, and tragically necessary. What if no children went to school until gun laws changed to keep them safe? My family is all in if we can do this at scale. Parents, will you please join us?” He tweeted this after a shooting in Santa Fe, TX which left 10 students and many more injured. While this is a little extreme, he was putting his thoughts out for people to see. After he left office, he went on to work as a managing partner at the Emerson Collective, where he works to promote gun safety. In December of 2015 he helped pass the “Every Student Succeeds Act,” a replacement to the Bush-era “No Child Left Behind” law. This law was one that he said he would replace; when he was first elected which is something Duncan did his entire time in office. He was able to repeal, replace, or enact almost every law he said he would, fulfilling his promise to the people. Duncan also persuaded 42 states to implement education goals based on the Common Core, and 21 of those states use tests that directly correlate with those standards, which were created to make schools more challenging and the curriculum more similar from state-to-state. Like his successor Duncan also was a strong supporter of charter schools, helping cities such as Washington, DC and New Orleans, LA adopt them. Duncan also supported community colleges; working with Obama to help them become free and universal. Throughout his entire time in office he had Obama backing him; “Arne has dedicated his life to the cause of education — and sometimes in the nicest possible way, he has gotten on people’s nerves because he has pushed them and prodded them,” the president said at the signing of Every Student Succeeds Act. Arne helped to secure congressional support for President Obama’s investments in education, including the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s $100 billion to fund 325,000 teaching jobs. He has helped secure an additional $10 billion to avoid teacher layoffs. Duncan has helped secure increases in the Pell grant program to increase the number of young Americans attending college and receiving postsecondary degrees. The Department has been around since October 17, 1979. The U.S. Department of Education is the agency of the federal government that establishes policy for, administers and coordinates most federal assistance to education. In 2007, the Department’s elementary and secondary school programs served roughly 55 million students attending 100,000 public schools and 34,000 private schools. Department programs also provided grant, loan and work-study assistance to about 10 million undergraduate students. Although the Department is relatively new, its origins goes back to 1867. President Andrew Johnson signed legislation creating the first Department of Education. However, due to concern that the Department would exercise too much control over local schools, the new Department was demoted to an Office of Education in 1868. While its time as a department was short lived it continued to give ideas on new teaching methods and many more things. Over the years, the office remained moderately small, housed in several agencies. Then in the 1950’s the need for education sparked when the Soviet Union’s sputnik launch was successful. The need for scientific education had never been more needed in history as we entered the space race. The 1960’s called for finial funding for students in poverty not only in elementary but also college. The 60’s merged into the 70’s when the need for programs that would give racial minorities, women, disabled, and non-English speaking children an equal education. In October 1979, Congress passed the Department of Education Organization Act (Public Law 96-88). The Department finally began operations in May 1980. The department started with a measly 4 employees and $15,000 budget in 1860 to a whopping 2,100 employees and a 1.5-million-dollar budget in 1965. The Department dispenses financial aid to qualified candidates for all stages of education. Bibliography “An Overview of the U.S. Department of Education.” September 10, 2010. Accessed December 2, 2018. “Arne Duncan, U.S. Secretary of Education — Biography.” Home. December 31, 2015. Accessed November 28, 2018. Bacon Jr., Perry. “How Arne Duncan Reshaped American Education and Made Enemies Along the Way.” January 2, 2016. Accessed December 2, 2018. Brown, Catherine, and Ulrich Boser. “The DeVos Dynasty: A Family of Extremists.” Center for American Progress. January 23, 2017. Accessed November 29, 2018 . Collins, Gail. “The Bane That Is Betsy DeVos.” The New York Times. August 18, 2018. Accessed November 27, 2018. Hobbs, Tawnell D. “Betsy DeVos, Nominee for Education Secretary, Faces Confirmation Hearing.” The Wall Street Journal. January 17, 2017. Accessed November 27, 2018. “Home.” U.S. Department of Education Releases National Student Loan FY 2014 Cohort Default Rate | U.S. Department of Education. Accessed November 28, 2018. Jackson, Abby. “Betsy DeVos Was Just Confirmed as Education Secretary – Here’s What She Will Control.” Business Insider. February 07, 2017. Accessed November 29, 2018. Ott, Tim. “Betsy DeVos.” August 23, 2018. Accessed November 27, 2018. Reilly, Katie. “Betsy DeVos: The Biggest Controversies From Her First Year.” Time. December 14, 2017. Accessed November 27, 2018. “The U.S. Department of Education.” U.S. Department of State. July 26, 2018. Accessed November 28, 2018. “U.S. Department of Education.” E | A-Z Index of U.S. Government Departments and Agencies | USAGov. Accessed November 28, 2018.
NGR 6172 MDC Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Peptic Ulcer Disease Discussion.

I’m working on a nursing discussion question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

Discussion Topiceek 10 Discussion: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Peptic Ulcer DiseaseJ.G. is a 42-year-old white man presenting with a 2-month history of intermittent midepigastric pain. The pain sometimes wakes him up at night and seems to get better after he eats a meal. J.G. informs you that his doctor told him that he had an infection in his stomach 6 months ago. He never followed up and has been taking over-the-counter Zantac 75 for 2 weeks without relief. He takes no other medications. He is concerned because the pain is continuing. He has no other significant history except he is a 20 pack-year smoker and he drinks 5 cups of coffee a day. He eats late at night and goes to bed about 30 minutes after dinner. He is allergic to penicillin.Diagnosis: Peptic Ulcer Disease: Answer the following questions in full sentences using APA citations. List specific goals for treatment for J.G.What drug therapy would you prescribe for J.G.? Why?Discuss specific patient education based on the prescribed therapy.List one or two adverse reactions for the selected agent that would cause you to change therapy.What would be the choice for second-line therapy?What lifestyle changes would you recommend to J.G.?Provide 2 Postings (Initial Posting and Respond to 1 Peer Based on APA Guidelines). Work must be supported by peer-reviewed article published within 5 years.
NGR 6172 MDC Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Peptic Ulcer Disease Discussion

How was independent statehood won for India? Essay

The Indian independence movement is now widely studied by historians and political scientists who attempt to understand how and why various groups managed to reduce and eventually eliminate the dominance of the British rule. This paper is aimed at examining the way in which independent statehood was won for this country. It is necessary to focus on the role played by different social classes and interest groups that could undermine the efficiency of the colonial rule. Furthermore, one should focus on the relationship between various religious beliefs and groups and the nature political resistance in India. On the whole, it is possible to argue that Indian independence movement was represented by peasants, intellectuals, and commercial classes who could undermine the efficiency of colonial bureaucracies and decrease the economic performance of this regime. Furthermore, the use of non-violent strategy helped the protesters to ensure the legitimacy of their opposition to the colonial rule. These are the main issues that should be examined more closely. First of all, one should pay attention to the interest groups that supported the idea of Indian independence. Much attention should be paid to the commercial classes of this country because they ‘felt themselves cramped by the connection with England’ (Moore 371). They believed that they could not receive the adequate compensation for the goods that they produced. In their opinion, the British rule threatened the sustainability of many businesses. So, they were not motivated to accept this political regime. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, the idea of Indian independence was supported by peasants who did not want to be completely on land elites (Moore 371). They were forced to seek alternatives to the colonial regime. Finally, it is important to speak about intellectuals. Certainly Western culture appealed to many of these people; however, they also believed that they had been unrepresented in the political life of their country. Among them, one can distinguish lawyers, civil servants, or teachers. These examples are important for showing that the struggle for independence was of a great importance to many layers of the population. Admittedly, for some people, the idea of British rule was quite acceptable. In particular, one can speak about the representatives of landed elites and bureaucracies. However, they did not represent the majority of population. By looking at these opposing sides, one can say that the supporters of the Indian independence movement had virtually no incentive to tolerate the presence of the colonial government. These people were able to oppose the colonial government in several ways. For instance, they were able to undermine the functioning of local bureaucracies. To some degree, this goal was achieved when many Indian civil servants and lawyers decided to resign (Ackerman and DuVall 75). As a result, many institutions such as court could not function properly. Furthermore, one can speak about the refusal to use foreign cloth (Ackerman and DuVall 75). This strategy produced negative effects on many British manufacturers. We will write a custom Essay on How was independent statehood won for India? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, the colonial government did not do anything to stop this opposition. More likely, local bureaucracies only intensified this opposition. These examples show that people, who supported Indian independence movement, were able to decrease the dominance of the British rule. In fact, the colonial government was practically excluded from public relations. Thus, one can argue the colonial government failed to consider the interests of people who could change the political regime in India. This form of opposition is now regarded as a classical form of non-violent process. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account. Secondly, it is important to speak about the importance of religious beliefs, groups, and institutions. In particular, one should focus on their influence on the nature of resistance in India. It should be noted that Mahatma Gandhi recognized the validity of various religions as the basis for ethical behavior of people. This is why this political leader described religions as “different roads converging to the same point” (Gandhi as cited in Parel and Ronald 176). It should be kept in mind that India population was adversely affected by religious conflicts between Hindus and Muslims. To a great extent, this conflict led to the fragmentation of the Indian society and it significantly complicated the possibility of political protest against the colonial rule (Moore 384). This was one of the obstacles that had to be overcome. Mahatma Gandhi was able to reduce the negative impact of these religious confrontations by emphasizing the idea that various religions did not have to be a force that could divide Indian protesters. Not sure if you can write a paper on How was independent statehood won for India? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Mahatma Gandhi was acutely aware of this problem. This is one of the details that should be identified. Moreover, this strategy was important for reducing the risk of religious hostility toward the representatives of other confessions such as Christians. To a great extent, this strategy proved to be quite successful since it was helpful for reducing many confrontations among various religious or ethnic groups. Additionally, Gandhi stressed the importance of various religious doctrines that can be used to describe the proper behavior of a person. For instance, one can speak about the moral principles of Hinduism, the Sermon on the Mount, or Synoptic Gospels (Parel and Ronald 177). These religious beliefs emphasize the importance of avoiding violence. It should be kept in mind that Gandhi opposed to the use of force. For instance, he condemned peasants’ attacks on Anglo-Indians, Europeans, and Parsis (Ackerman and DuVall 75). This is one of the main details that should be identified. He deliberately dissociated himself with “the organized violence of the people” because such actions could deprive protesters of their moral superiority over the British rule (Ackerman and DuVall 76). There is another advantage of non-violent resistance. It did not give the colonial authorities to use force against the protesters. It was difficult for local authorities to find legitimate ways of suppressing the protesters. This issue is important for explaining the success of the Indian independence movement. On the whole, it is possible to say that the success of Indian independence movement can be attributed to several reasons. In particular, the idea was supported by many layers of the Indian population. Among them one can distinguish peasants, intellectuals, and entrepreneurs. These people could adversely affect the efficiency of the colonial rule, especially the functioning of its institutions and economy. Much attention should be paid to the religious aspects of the opposition. Mahatma Gandhi was able to show that various religions were suitable for promoting ethical behavior individuals. This appeal was necessary for unifying the opposition to colonial regime and avoiding violence. These are the main arguments that can be identified. Works Cited Ackerman, Peter and Jack Duval. A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000. Print. Moore, Barrington. Social Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World, Boston: Beacon Press, 1966. Print. Parel, Anthony, and Colin Ronald. Comparative Political Philosophy: Studies Under the Upas Tree, Lanham Boulder New York Oxford: Lexington Books, 2003. Print.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Recommendations for Change

programming assignment help The following are the key learning’s in terms of limit of growth: “Peak oil” is the one of the major problems which is given more importance in this paper, which implies that the oil production has reached the top level and stared diminishing.The price of the oil has increased and there used to be high waiting time at the gasoline stations in 1970s.There is a threat to ecology and the biodiversity, due to which the energy and resources are becoming extinct or obsolete. There is a rise of population in the recent times due to which the resources of food availability have diminished to a large extent and the people have even faced the consequences due to this low food production. The fossil fuels usage is increased which allows the food productivity though it is an advantage, however the fossil fuels are getting decreased which is a drawback. In 19th century the problem of the malnutrition was prevalent. The “Tragedy of the commons” explains about the way that the individuals are greedy and overusing the combined property for their own purposes and being aware of that it is not at all advantageous to others. In the year 1979 the coal, electricity, food and home heating oil prices also increased and then again surge is there in the oil price which is about $35 per barrel. In the beginning of the 1980s, there is a decrease in the economic development as a result of increased interest rates, rise in the prices and great depression. Due to this increased rate of population, threat to the environment also increases like all kinds of acid rains, pollutions, depletion of the ozone layer, global warming,. The causes by which the country is presently tackling these issues: To decrease the scarcity and depletion of the energy resources, nuclear fusion is used by the country which has been proven to be increasing renewable resources and also by replacing the non-renewable. Fossil fuels are also used in the agriculture to reduce the problem of the famine which results in the increase of the food production but this increases the usage of fossil fuels which become problem and by using modern technology in agriculture this is problem is being tackled and fossil fuels are replaced with other materials to increase the food productivity. To address the “peak oil” problem, the country discovered a huge amount of previous oil which was not been used and this is likely to solve the problem to some extent. Green houses are used to solve the environmental problems, and by using some of the eco-friendly substances and also avoiding the usage of the chemicals which are harmful. The gasoline price has dropped during the mid-1980s and the excess oil production is imported. By increasing the efficiency of the markets the problem of unemployment has been reduced and creating new jobs for the recycling, waste management and environmental management. Hence the population growth problems are being mitigated though there is threat in the near future and that can be handled in the same manner or more effective way. Question 2: Comparison of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Steps between Western Australia and Queensland: EIA steps in Western Australia are taken care by EPA (Environmental Protection Authority) and Department of Environment and Science in Queensland. In these two states, to propose the presumed project which have significant impact on the environment and both respect departments is the first step taken by them to check whether the proposal is having a significant impact or not and decides whether to accept or reject the proposal. The second step in WA is proposal Assessment which includes scoping the public opinion or review, proponent environmental review, EPA draft Assessment preparation, preparing other addition information and finalizing the EPA assessment which also includes rejecting some times by the decision making authority and project has some minor works to be carried out and also they recommend changes to the proposal in the assessment. The next step includes an EPA report on the proposal assessment which is prepared and also contains some recommendations to the Environment Minister. While in Queensland different type of acts are there for the EIA which are “Sustainable Planning Act in 2009 (QLD) (SPA)”, “Environmental Protection Act in 1994 (QLD) (EPA)”, “State Development and Public Works Organization Act in 1971 (QLD) (SDPWOA)”, “Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act in 1999 (CTH) (EPBC Act)”.The different process in different acts is explained in the figures given below The figure above is for the “EIS process under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth)”. In conclusion from the above process Western Australia and Queensland, two different states we can say that the steps for a project to be approved and requires Environmental Impact Assessment or Environmental Impact Statement which is different for different states but in common all states contain similar steps which are accepted universally. Question 3: Public participation signification in the Environmental Impact Assessment: Opinion of the public plays a major role in the Environmental Impact Assessment. In this aspect public are considered as stakeholders and we can obtain the sustainable development through active involvement and participation of the stakeholders. For the Environmental protection, the participation of the public is important so that they can address the environmental issues. We can avoid or reduce the controversy in the public and it becomes more effective in the conflict management. From public participation we can gain the local knowledge and values of evaluation, prediction and to mitigate the impacts. We can achieve the acceptability and improved quality of the EIA report. This helps in evaluating and recognizing the mitigation measures potentially. This facilitates to find out the groups and the local residents who got a special expertise. We can evaluate and get the complete criteria for the importance of recognized impacts. The public participation in the process of EIA will be ramped up. This allows to define the scope of work and the overall process assessment schedule can be obtained. To assess the impacts on the physical and social environment, we can recognize the data or statistics and information which is required. The reasons where public opinion to be sought can be explained through the case study This case study took place in Egypt, Agrium Egypt which produces ammonia and urea, when the public opposed a petrochemical company refused to relocate. Under the governance of the Damietta they decided to establish the Agrium petrochemical plant in an area called as New Damietta which is close to Ras El-Bar. The public/residents in that area are very much concerned about the environmental hazards of this plant. Strong opposition is raised by the public for the construction of the plant and relocation is suggested for the project. Public opinion is not considered by the project team in the initial steps of EIA and went ahead with the process and got the approval from academic reviewers but due to public opposition during the implementation the project has been reallocated. From this case study we can understand that where to sought the public opinion and why it is very important in the Environmental Impact Assessment. Question 4: The steps involved in the EIA for the selected project are as follows: The project chosen here is to establish a wood cutting Industry in the area which is shown in the map. Step 1:To identify the study goal is the 1st step and here the goal is to do the complete Environmental Impact Assessment and getting approval to establish a wood cutting industry. Step 2: In this step we will do the screening level assessment. This construction is very close to river, close to the residential areas and also an industry is present nearby the construction. Hence we need to do full Environmental Impact Assessment. We have to consider all the indirect, direct and beneficial impacts. Step 3: Scope is considered in this step, we are identifying the significant impacts here. The amount of energy consumed in wood processing and manufacturing is high which in terms emits high amount of Co2 and this can cause the pollution of air, people’s health may also be affected due to the emission of Co2. Coking and wood making are the major impacts. This also includes solid wastes, wastewater contaminants and other hazardous wastes. Step 4: In this step baseline conditions are required to be measured, and environment actions are tested for the effect and revisiting the scope if necessary. Presumably the air pollution prevailing in the area is the current base line condition and some of the ground water might be polluted due to the presence of an industry. This is the measure of the current conditions roughly. Step 5: Effects and likelihood of actions are predicted in this step. The impacts mentioned in scope are the ones predicted and during the construction of the industry there might be some noise and air pollution and high amount of co2 is released after the construction and this may be released due to high consumption of energy in the process. Solid wastes and hazardous wastes also might be emitted in little amounts. Step 6: Summarizing and analysing the findings are done in this step. The above mentioned affects are just findings and we have summarized them. Now moving on to the next step. Step 7: To evaluate the significance of the findings are done in this step. From these findings we conclude that more importance is given to the air pollution which is caused due to high energy consumption and therefore there will be a chance that global warming might take place. Step 8: In this step, alternate solution and mitigations are given to the proposed actions by modifying them. For this project we took a decision to relocate the project from the place “A” to place “B” in the map. Step 9: Findings and recommendations are explained to public. Websites, advertising and social media are used to disclose the EIA report to the public. Step 10: In this step we have decided on the proposed action which is relocation of the project. Step 11: We need to monitor the impacts even after the construction and need to compare with the predicted value. Checking whether it is decreasing or increasing. Step 12: After the step 11 in order to minimize the impacts even if some are there we need to further modify and mitigate the actions. Public participation is included in steps 1, 3,6,9,10, 11. Question 5: Strategies to control the plastic waste: Bringing your own bag for shopping: These thin and easily ripped bags is extremely limited, from one estimation, plastic bags of five billion to one trillion are used in every year in the world. Any way there will be free distribution for the shoppers, these bags will cost high in environment and are one of the most visible forms of garbage. Getting your own plastic bag is common and good advice for environmental issues, and such of the ideas are implemented by some government by policies to encourage more people to do it. However instead of using bigger carryall bags, people can further reduce waste by bringing their own produce bags which can be reusable or just skip them entirely. Disposable shopping bags have been banned in a number of cities, like Washington, D.C and San Francisco. In the policy known as the plastic straw apocalypse, consumers started to request metal or paper substitutes in the place of disposables. In Europe, some coffee shops are giving reusable mugs that are borrowed with little deposit and are used by consumers. Avoid buying water in plastic bottle: Unless there is some kind of contamination crisis, plastic water bottles are the only easy target which can reducing waste. Instead of that people can reduce plastic bottle by keeping their own refillable bottle. In Thailand, government is delivering treated water in big 20 liter drums to households and businesses, and when the containers are empty they are returned for refilling of the water. In this way plastic water bottles are avoided. In December, Gove confirmed that the Department for Food, Entertainment, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) was looking at greater access to water fountains across the UK. So there will be less use of water bottles. Bringing own thermos to the coffee shop: When coming to refillable, people bringing their own thermos for coffee shops is another major way to reduce the use of plastic. Disposable coffee cups are looked same as that of paper but a type of plastic resin like polyethylene are usually lined up in that. These materials can be recycled theoretically but infrastructure lack is occurred in the most places. Lids, stirrers, and coffee vendors that still use polystyrene foam cups are also there, which can all be avoided with using their own mug. Raise in the tax of up to £438 million, and lead to a 30% reduction in the number of cups were used in the UK. Choosing cardboard instead of plastic bags and bottles: Generally speaking, it is very tough to recycle plastic than cardboard, plus paper products can be biodegradable more easily without adding any weight to the product. The way glass or aluminium are similarly used. So, whenever you have a choice, pick pasta in the box instead of pasta in a plastic bag, or detergent in the box over the plastic bottle. Even better if people would check for companies that source their cardboard sustainably or have complete information about deforestation. Boston implemented a dual approach of adding tax and ban on single time use of bags. Started in December 2018, plastic bags are banned and a 5 cent tax is added on sustainable single time usage of bags. Say no to straws: In many cases like for home use or when you ordered a drink at a restaurant or bar, plastic straws are often a single-use item that’s just not necessary. Instead of using them we can use a glass straw or just ignore of using straws. Vancouver is the first major city in Canada to ban plastic straws, and taking further steps to ban all solid waste by 2040. Get the plastic off your face: Micro plastics that are tiny particles that are impossible to filter out are the high amount of pollution produced in the oceans. These plastics are generated from breaking down of bigger items, but they are also commonly added to face wash, toothpaste and other consumer products. These little produced plastics are intended to be exfoliators, but any waste water treatment facility is not able to stop those plastics enter into the ocean. There are many types of biodegradable types, so avoid items like “polypropylene” or “polyethylene” on the list of ingredients. Instead of using those type of plastics we can create our own natural type of cosmetics. In UAE, instead of face masks, natural home remedies are taken by saving plastic to enter into the oceans. References: Poncian J., Jose J. Resource governance and community participation: Making hydrocarbon extraction work for Tanzania Resources Policy, Volume 62, 2019 Tu Z., Hu T., Shen R. Evaluating public participation impact on environmental protection and ecological efficiency in China: Evidence from PITI disclosure China Economic Review, Volume 55, 2019 Handout for ENVM3103

GWU Enabling Technology Business to Business E Procurement Case Study

GWU Enabling Technology Business to Business E Procurement Case Study.

I’m working on a management writing question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION ASSIGNMENT: An Enabling Technology StorySelect a product category or application area related to a technology of interest to you. In many cases the emergence of a product in the marketplace can be associated with timely availability of an “enabling technology,” the key technology that made the product feasible, the one without which the product would not be able to serve its purpose. For many technology-enabled products or applications the product first appeared when the technology finally became powerful enough. For example, electric vehicles (EV) were impractical until battery technology improved to the point at which it could provide an adequate supply of stored energy per unit weight (kwh per kg). Prior to that point the performance of the enabling technology was inconsistent with acceptable design parameters for a vehicle.Calling one technology “enabling” does not indicate that the other technologies embedded in the product are not also important. They are just not essential to its existence. Some products can be said to have more than a single enabling technology. This is especially true of products that represent architectural innovations. For example, the first smart phone, the iPhone, would have been impractical without superior technologies related to the microprocessor, display, materials, battery, antennae, human interface design, software, etc. It is hard to identify any one of them as the most important enabler.The enabling technology phenomenon is often highly complex, with multiple and sometimes conflicting technological, economic, environmental, safety and geopolitical factors. Returning to the EV example, a problem that lengthened the time before appearance of the product category was the high cost of the lithium batteries powerful enough to allow a vehicle to drive 250 miles before it ran out of battery power. Ford revealed that as recently as a decade ago the manufacturing cost of an EV included $17K per vehicle just for batteries. So some product categories are never released because they would be too expensive for most buyers.Understanding the pivotal role of an enabling technology is essential to developing leading new products. For the product category you choose to study for this assignment, identify the key enabling technology issues. Think of these as the issues that you, as a technology development manager or senior advisor, would have to wrestle with. Ultimately, CTOs, CSOs, CMOs, CEOs, etc., although often not technical specialists, are nonetheless empowered to make decisions on new product R&D and related spending. This is the process in an established company. In the entrepreneurial sector the key figures with similar decision making responsibilities are the venture founders, key employees, business partners, and venture investors.For this assignment, tell the story of a product development that involved an identifiable critical enabling technology. You may focus on cases that were a great success or those that were an embarrassing failure. You may focus on historical cases, currently evolving cases, or future cases in which the outcome is hypothetical. If a case involves trade secrecy or sophisticated intellectual property considerations, it may not be suitable for this assignment because it will be difficult to find necessary resources and references. However, it is not necessary to restrict yourself to published material. You are welcome to use a case in which you are personally knowledgeable or a case in which a colleague can make you aware of key issues regarding enabling technology. In situations involving imminent commercialization try to link technological issues to relevant business considerations. One such consideration is market attractiveness. If a product development is successful because the enabling technology works, that does not necessarily mean that the marketplace will make the product a commercial success.As is obvious by now, this is an assignment without a lot of structured expectations. I’m hoping you will find it enjoyable to explore a case you’ve always wanted to know more about. Tell the enabling technology story behind it in about 800-1000 words. I believe this assignment will deliver valuable lessons on innovation and technology transition. Have some fun with it.
GWU Enabling Technology Business to Business E Procurement Case Study

HIST 201 UCLA The Colonization of The Americas Discussion

HIST 201 UCLA The Colonization of The Americas Discussion.

The colonization of the Americas prompted waves of people to come to the Western Hemisphere. The results were sometimes positive and other times horrible.Prompt: Choose a group in the readings. What were the most significant challenges your group of choice faced?In your answer, you should consider and properly cite the readings and lecture sources. Your discussion will be evaluated using the rubric below.and this work should be 150-300 wordsDiscussion Forum Rubric10 points: The discussion posting demonstrates excellent understanding of the material by completely answering the entire discussion question, and considers the implications of the question. Posting gives thoughtful analysis. Posting has excellent synthesis of material with proper citation where appropriate.8-9 points: Posting demonstrates an above average understanding of the material by completely answering entire discussion question. The posting gives good analysis. Posting attempts to synthesize materialwith proper citation where appropriate.6-7 points: Discussion posting only answers the question by doing the bare minimum required. Offers little to no analysis.4-5 points: Discussion posting is below average. Does not meet the minimum requirements. No analysis, nor synthesis.1-3 points: Posting is an attempt to merely complete the assignment. Summation or regurgitation ofthe reading and/or other students’ posts.0 points: No attempt made to do the assignment.
HIST 201 UCLA The Colonization of The Americas Discussion

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