Table of Contents Introduction Materials and Method Results and discussion Conclusion Reference List Every area inhabited by people suffers from the influence of production and technologies i this greater or smaller way. This report is aimed at providing analysis of data presented in different literary sources aimed at shaping the concept of open spaces areas and investigating their value for Australian people. If the experience of these researchers turns out to be effective, it can be implemented in other urban areas of the world with regard to constant ecological problems, contamination of water, air, and soils, global warming caused by a number of external factors, and other issues. Figure 1: Major open space components of Sydney (Coleman 2006, p. 4). Introduction As different programs on urban consolidation are aimed at investigating the use, potential benefits, and possible implementation of similar practices in other areas, the current report is aimed at analysing the open space areas of Sydney with the help of secondary sources. Mapping out the greenery in the area will help us to consider its biodiversity, green space and human activities there. It is crucial to be aware of the green spaces of Sydney and its suburbs to see the scope of the problem, connected with urbanisation and industrialization. However, Sydney can be considered one of the greenest cities as every citizen of this city has an opportunity to spend some time in the green area due to the number and location of parks of different types. It is obvious that the green coverage must be in the city and the thorough research of such places may help to preserve the nature in big industrial cities. The understanding and acceptance of the problem is crucial for making a step to the problem resolving. Materials and Method The data for the research was collected through the internet databases that contain a number of issue papers about the open space areas and the effect of the number of parks produced on the overall ecological situation in an inhabited area. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More So, the materials for the report include secondary sources whereas the method concerns data collection and data analysis. Investigation concerned the problems existing in the sector of open space areas in Sydney and possible ways of solving those. However, this very issue suggested a dilemma because residential areas cannot be extended at the expense of open space areas eliminating parks and green territories. In this respect, it is necessary to look at the Fig. 1 to see how effective the location of green spaces is organised in Sydney when people live within easy reach from parks and gardens. Though the data collection was conducted with the help of information retrieved from secondary sources, it is necessary to perform the analysis of data collected. The information from the map shows that there are a number of green spaces in the area. The largest spots are the Royal Botanic Garden, Moore Park, and Sydney Park. Being the biggest green spaces in the area they play a crucial role in the distribution of land resources in Sydney with regard to the burning issue of dwellings for people and impossibility of their construction without bringing damage to the open space areas. Thus, the fig. 2 introduces the dwelling projections that are planned for the period of several decades with regard to the number of dwellings in local government areas. This information means that each hectare of the employment land stock will have 33 dwelling completions which means that South Sydney, Leichhardt, and Marrickville local government areas will be appropriate for the planned number of dwelling per 1 ha. Of the employment land stock whereas the number of dwellings to be built in Botany local government areas exceeds the available resources. Figure 2: Inner Sydney new dwelling projections and industrial land supply from Department of Planning (1992, 1994) (Searle 2003, p. 7). The data presented in Fig. 3 suggests a comparative analysis of available and planned resources in the abovementioned local government areas. We will write a custom Report on Analysis of Data on the Green Space Areas in Sydney with Regard to the Importance of Dwelling Construction Programmes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Local government area Planned resources Available resources Botany 2010 1956 South Sydney 17100 17160 Leichhardt 5150 5184 Marrickville 3960 4000 Results and discussion Analysis of sources has shown that the problems are mostly related to the involvement of open space territories into the programmes that deal with dwelling completions plans aimed at providing residents of the city with appropriate number of houses in order to make sure that the problem of housing is solved for the next several decades. According to the study aimed at analysing the urban consolidation projects, “urban open spaces include: parks, sporting fields, bushland, creeks…, private backyards and gardens, courtyards and balconies, attractive and safe streets…” and other types of open space areas (Byrne and Sipe 2010, p. 2). In this respect, there is no problem related to the dwelling programmes though this cannot be claimed concerning other types of construction projects as the data available on this issue included the land resources available in four local government areas. Some problems concern the consolidation of urban open space areas in order to provide more space for people to have some rest from daily routine and ecological factors influential in every country all over the globe. As suggested by Searle (2003) “inner city areas have inadequate local open space even with below-peak population levels” (p. 3). In this respect, it is necessary to analyse the ways in which the open space areas can be extended and suggest possible solutions for this issue taking into consideration the importance of dwelling programmes aimed at providing residents with appropriate number of residential areas. So, comparison of programs and assessment of needs of population is of primary importance for making adequate decisions on this issue. As the results of the research show that the area of Sydney has sufficient number of open space areas such as large parks, squares, and gardens, it is necessary to make certain alterations in the design and location of these areas so that it is possible to provide people with adequate number of green territories within urban area whereas this decision should be also coordinated with the projects that deal with housing and planning of the number of residential units. Cooperation and consolidation on the issue of open space areas and necessity of new dwellings can be beneficial for the authorities and programmes engaged into consideration of this controversial issue. Conclusion The research was based on the analysis of data collected from secondary sources and some information received from analysis of facts. In this respect, the research shows that it is necessary to solve the problem of dwelling construction planning with regard to the projects and programmes available for consolidation of open space areas. Every decision made on the issue of land should be coordinated with other programmes and projects involved in this sector of activity. Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of Data on the Green Space Areas in Sydney with Regard to the Importance of Dwelling Construction Programmes by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference List Byrne, Jason, and Sipe, Neil, 2010. Green and open space planning for urban consolidation – a review of the literature and best practice. Issues Paper 11, Uran Frontiers Programme. Web. Coleman, Mitchell, 2006. City of Sydney, Australia. [pdf]. Web. Searle, Glen, 2003. The limits to urban consolidation. Issues Paper 14, Uran Frontiers Programme. Web.
HLTH 101 TU Legal Disputes Regarding the Tissue Samples Collection and Use Essay.
I’m working on a health & medical writing question and need a sample draft to help me study.
– PAPER 4-6 PAGES IN LENGTH THOROUGHLY DISCUSSING THE TOPIC- INCLUDE A BIBLIOGRAPHY PAGE AND APPRORIATELY CITE-PLEASE REMEMBER THAT I AM LOOKING FOR YOUR ORIGINAL THOUGHTS, NOT WHAT OTHERS ON THE INTERNET, ETC… HAVE TO SAYTopic is: 1.Study recent legal disputes over the collection and use of tissue samples.Specific cases to consider include the lawsuit filed by the Havasupai tribe against Arizona State University, the lawsuit filed by Texas parents over the collection of blood samples from their newborn children, and the controversy over the University of California at Berkeley’s request that incoming freshman submit DNA samples.
Earth Sciences homework help. Q1″Process Improvement and Problem-Solving Tools” Please respond to the following:please select one of the two subjects to discuss.úÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ Among the tools (e.g., graphics tools, knowledge-based tools, etc.) that the author discussed in the textbook, determine the type of tool that you would use for process improvement framework. Next, determine the type of tool you would use for problem solving framework. Justify your response.ÿúÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ research articles on process improvement and problem solving tools. Select one (1) business project that used one of the tools discussed in the textbook. Evaluate level of the efficiency and effectiveness of the utilization of the tool within the project that you selected. Justify your response.ÿQ2The data in below table lists country code and the order to remittance (OTR) time for hardware / software installations for the last 76 installations (from first to last). OTR is the time it takes from an order being placed until the system is installed and we receive payment (remittance). Because this company does business internationally, it also notes the country of installation using a country code. This code is listed in the first column.Data table: http://imgur.com/a/0lHdwUse the date in table above and answer the following questions in the space provided below:1.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ Does the OTR time appear to be stable?ÿ Why or why not?2.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ If you were to use a control chart to evaluate stability, which chart would you use?ÿ Why?3.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ What can you learn about the distribution of the installation process?ÿ4.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ Does it appear that the country has an impact on installation time? Why or why not?Q3″Building and Using Models” Please respond to the following:Note:ÿOnline students, please select one of the two subjects to discuss.úÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ Imagine that you are a business manager for a mid-sized company. Propose one (1) overall strategy to build an effective business model in order to both monitor / control changes in business process and predict future business performance for your company. Provide a rationale (e.g., verification process) for your response.úÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ Per the textbook, in order to understand the causal relationship in business process, manager often asks ?whys? to drill down the root cause of failures. Select one (1) project from your working or educational environment and propose at least three (3) ?why? questions that you would ask in order to identify root cause of problem. Justify your responsesQ4The data in the table below is from a study conducted by an insurance company to determine the effect of changing the process by which insurance claims are approved. The goal was to improve policyholder satisfaction by speeding up the process and eliminating some non-value-added approval steps in the process. The response measured was the average time required to approve and mail all claims initiated in a week. The new procedure was tested for 12 weeks, and the results were compared to the process performance for the 12 weeks prior to instituting the change.Data table:http://imgur.com/a/2LO9uUse the date in table above and answer the following questions in the space provided below:1.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ What was the average effect of the process change? Did the process average increase or decrease and by how much?2.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ Analyze the data using the regression model y = b0 + b1x, where y = time to approve and mail a claim (weekly average), x = 0 for the old process, and x = 1 for the new process.3.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ How does this model measure the effect of the process change?4.ÿÿÿÿÿÿ How much did the process performance change on the average? (Hint: Compare the values of b1 and the average of new process performance minus the average of the performance of the old process.)Earth Sciences homework help
Table of Contents Introduction Overview of African Gospel Music Kirk Franklin’s Contribution Discussion Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Music is hugely regarded as the universal language that traverses cultural boundaries and language barriers. It plays different roles in society including: telling stories, educating, and entertaining. There are various forms of music which are unique to different groups of people. African American Music is one of forms of music which boasts of a very rich history. The importance of music to the African American community has been huge from the slavery days up to this day. Many genres of music such as rhythm and blues, jazz, gospel and soul can trace their roots to the Southern plantations where black slaves toiled in the 19th Century. Smith declares that music was the soul of black people and it as the way of communicating oral tradition and instructive messages about everyday life activities (1203). This music has over the decades evolved and today the African American song tradition is merged with other forms of music to form a new sound. This sound is popularized by most of the mainstream gospel music artists. One of the most popular gospel artists of the new millennium is Kirk Franklin and his contribution to contemporary gospel music is unparalleled. This paper will set out to document the musical contribution of a popular personality in African American song tradition, Kirk Franklin. In particular, the paper will discuss how his music builds on tradition and helps address social realities. Overview of African Gospel Music African American creation in Christian, centered sacred music began to separate itself in the forms of spirituals, shouts, lined-hymns, and anthems in the early as 1800’s. From the good sounds of Shirley Caesar and the Gospel Keynotes to the dancing, different vocals of Kirk Franklin, gospel music does more than just sound good; it literally moves its listeners (Petrie 1). Whether it’s singing and clapping with the choirs or tapping along with the performers or simply raising hands to the rhythm of the music, gospel is one genre of music that needs to be both seen and heard. Gospel music was once defined as religious; however, gospel has passed by those limits to become an impacting force in American music and popular culture. The gospel music of the African American can trace its roots to the years immediately following the Civil war which resulted in the liberation of slaves. The music has undergone numerous changes from being performed in a cappella to the incorporation of musical instruments. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cleveland notes that by the 1950’s, gospel music had experienced significant changes and it was typical to hear guitars and brass accompanying the choirs. As a result of the huge demand for gospel music, performers began to record steadily so as to meet the demand (Jackson 185). Contemporary gospel music was first popularized by Edwin Hawkins whose hit song “Oh Happy Day” combined elements of gospel with Rhythm and Blues. Kirk Franklin’s Contribution Kirk Franklin is generally regarded as a pioneer of the genres of gospel and Christian Hip-hop. He was born in Texas and was raised by his great-aunt who instilled in him a strong church background from his childhood years (Smith 551). As a child, Franklin’s musical talent was apparent and he could read and write music by ear. He joined the Rose Baptist Choir at the age of 11 and became the director of music in later years. However, Franklin broke away from the church as a teenager due to negative peer influences. It took the untimely death of a close friend for him to return to the church where he sought love and strength. He also began to compose and perform music which was heavily influenced by his childhood struggles. Gospel music has never seen anything like the “Kirk Franklin Phenomenon”, combining gospel music with Hip Hop. Kirk Franklin’s style of music changed the culture of gospel with the release of his debut album. Kirk Franklin and the Family, his first gospel album sold more than a million copies. This was his attempt to broaden the range of the traditional gospel audience and Kirk Franklin was willing to take heat from the doubters as long as it didn’t get in the way of delivering the inspired message (Harrington 1). Interestingly, the contemporary music that Kirk Franklin is famous for has some traces of the old African-American folk songs that were sung by slaves in the 19th century. As during the early years of black music, the music by Kirk Franklin today’s music still represents a way of communicating values and tradition. Through his music, Franklin extensively borrows from scriptures that offer hope and solace especially in times of despair (Waldron 36). Franklin’s success has help push gospel closer to the mainstream while attracting the crucial under-25 audience. That’s always been a much search after how people under-25 make up most of the bad going around, but according to Franklin, it’s a crucial but spiritual, as well (1). We will write a custom Research Paper on Kirk Franklin and Gospel Music specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Kirk Franklin told the Washington Post in an interview “We’ve got to stop preaching to one another because the purpose is not to keep ‘the message’ in the church because the church already knows it”. Franklin goes on to say that the Jesus message needs to get out to the young people that don’t go to church. And a lot of those people don’t go to church not because they don’t love Jesus, but because they’ve seen the churches do the community such a disservice” In terms of finances and other crazy problems. As a result, Franklin has combined contemporary rhythms and a lasting message into what’s been described as “heavenly hip-hop” (1). Franklin’s music plays a major role in lifting the spirits of people in the same way the spirituals lifted the spirits of the slaves in the 19th century and the protestors during the civil Rights Era. When composing songs, Franklin tries to stay in touch with what’s going on in the world. Like Andre Crouch 30 years earlier, Franklin has had a lot of criticism for adopting what some might call the devil’s music to deliver the Lord’s message. “It’s a concept of knowing that we as African American people have always been moved by a beat,” Franklin explains. “I think a lot of what these young people listen to is not really the message but the beat; unfortunately, those beats are often poisoned by lyrics that are really destructive, and you can’t listen to those lyrics over and over again and not have it affect you (Harrington 2). Dr. Deforia Lane, author of Music as Medicine and the director of music therapy at University Hospitals of Cleveland, told Jet magazine, “As a people we have used music since the days of slavery to reinforce our faith, to remind us of the things that are important, to focus on the positive as opposed to what is right in front of us and to be able to concentrate on the faith of what we cannot see. Gospel music has a way of driving us back to Christ. You cannot hear a song like Precious Lord or What A Friend We Have in Jesus and not feel the impact” (Waldron 37). Kirk Franklin music has a way of taking what people are thinking or feeling and giving it voice. That is one of the most important ways that music helps in our healing. Other singers agree that in times of struggle, gospel music can help people cope. During the difficult times, the gospel, which is good news, will stand firm to encourage us during our ‘never would have made it’ moments. Smith records that music has always been a source of motivation for Franklin’s life (551). The gospel in general, when applied to life’s challenges, will make you stronger, wiser and better. It will give you emotional strength to make it through any crisis you are facing. Not sure if you can write a paper on Kirk Franklin and Gospel Music by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gospel is the music that replaces facts with truth. The facts may be lost jobs and a failing economy, but the truth is ‘God will supply all needs according to His riches in glory. Gospel music is a constant reminder to replace facts with truth. The word of the Lord is truth. Franklin’s music helps sooth the soul during difficult times. The songs sang by the slaves often revolved around the themes of love, peace, oppression and freedom. These themes were inspired by the social and economic realities of the slaves who sang the songs. The music was characterized by a melancholy and heaviness that reflected on the social conditions that existed at the time. The music by Kirk Franklin continues to be inspired by the socio-economic conditions of the people. Franklin’s music resounds with strong social themes of economic crisis and discrimination. This is in line with his reality growing up where he joined a gang and had a close friend killed. He wants people to realize that sometimes “a no” can be a good thing. “God closes one door and opens another. He closes doors; He knows what’s behind that door. You want God sometimes to say no; sometimes God needs to say no. Imagine what would have happened if your parents said yes to your every request as a child. Sometimes a ‘no’ is a ‘not yet’ because you aren’t ready yet. You can find the answer in prayer and realize that all things work together for good.” (37). Kirk Franklin achieved his goal of getting young African Americans back in church by gospel in hip-hop context. “His crossover is unique in that nobody took the word ‘Jesus’ out of his music”, notes Milton Biggham, the executive director of gospel powerhouse Savoy Records. Recently, the big news in religious music have gone to white Contemporary Christian artists who sing boring and slow lyrics that could be directed to God or Jesus or just as easily to a mate to strengthen their appeal. However, Kirk Franklin made his mark with hard gospel largely because of the things that other gospel stars lack: charisma, sex appeal, stage presence, ambition, business savvy and street credibility. Since the emergence of Franklin, other artists have followed thus, making a name for them in the gospel world. Gospel producer-artist Kurt Carr told JET Magazine “Gospel is spiritual music that reminds us that we have God’s peace and favor, even in these difficult times” (Waldron 3). Kirk Franklin’s gospel music is played at radio stations across the world. His nontraditional approach and urban style has change the way music is song in church. Essentially, his style allowed for the African-American churches to step outside the box thus changing the style of church choirs across the nation. Franklin’s music enables the people to fulfill their desire to express their faith in a dynamic and musical way. His hip-hop gospel and rap style songs appeals to all ages and all ethnicities. In short, Gospel music is a product of the religion, culture, and history that constitute the African American experience. The flair that Franklin brought to the national stage has catapulted in to a national phenomenon that has forever changed the way Gospel music is viewed. A key characteristic of Franklin’s music is that it involves a lot of improvisation. As the lead singer to his group, he takes a very active role sometimes singing entire verses and adding dramatic effects. This is an attribute that was common in the early music performed by African Americans. The music was mostly performed in plantation camps and in the open fields and a key feature was therefore a lack of formality and a lot of improvisation. Smith states that this trait carries on to date and contemporary music singers like Kirk Franklin still incorporates much of the improvisational, rhythmic dynamics of African music (1203). Discussion Gospel music has been a force to reckon with in the African American communities. It helped the slaves to endure their hardships and was used extensively in the Civil Rights Movement years (Ramsey 210). While the original gospel music sang by the slaves has faded to the background, its influence continues to be felt in the 21st century through contemporary gospel music artists. The African American community today is more integrated into the fabric of the larger society than was the case in the nineteenth century. Their music has therefore evolved and today incorporates other styles of music to the traditional spirituals. The music still continues to inspire people and articulate social issues. Kirk Franklin is one individual who has made a huge contribution to African American song tradition. He has successfully managed to adopt elements of secular popular music into gospel music therefore reaching and inspiring an even greater audience. Kirk Franklin has contributed to the progressive development of gospel music through the addition of rap and hip-hop elements to broaden the appeal of the music and its message especially to younger audiences. Conclusion This paper set out to document the contribution that Kirk Franklin has made to African American song tradition. To this end, it has been noted that Franklin’s music has built on the old tradition by incorporating hip-hop and rhythm and blues elements. This has made the music very popular and through his work, gospel music has reached an even wider audience. Gospel music as presented by Kirk Franklin and other contemporary artists continues to empower people and impact their lives. It can therefore be deduced that through the work of Kirk Franklin, aspects of African American music traditions will continue to survive for many years to come. Works Cited Cleveland, Jefferson. Songs of Zion. Supplemental Worship 12. Nashville: Abingdon, 1981. Jackson, Marie. “The Changing Nature of Gospel Music”. African American Review 29, 1995. Ramsey, Guthrie. Race Music: Black Cultures from Bebop to Hip-Hop. California: University of California Press, 2004. Print. Smith, Carney. Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture, Volume 1. Boston: ABC-CLIO, 2010. Print. Waldron, Clarence. “In Trying Times, ‘There’s Power In The Music’”. Jet Magazine, 2009.
HLTH 101 TU Legal Disputes Regarding the Tissue Samples Collection and Use Essay
To What Extent Has Britain Been a ‘Semi-Detached’ Member of the European Union?
To analyse the extent to which Britain can be said to be a semi-detached member of the European Union (EU), we have to consider the history, the problems with its accession and the domestic and practical constraints. Stephen George (1998) outlined the view of Britain as a semi-detached member, coining the phrase ‘awkward partner’ to describe the challenges and difference Britain faces as an EU member in his book An Awkward Partner: Britain in the European Community, George (1998), outlined four factors of Britain’s detachment from the EU including; domestic political constraints, economic problems and adjusting to membership, adjusting to EU operation and further argued that increased pressure on Atlanticism meant Britain was continually looking away from Europe in its quest to remain a world leader. While there can be little doubt that Britain has and always will be a semi-detached member of the EU, this essay will focus on analysing the evidence pertaining to Britain as a player in the EU and to what extent this evidence is proof for its detachment. It will analyse this from the view of the historical evidence such as the problems adjusting to membership, the domestic evidence including Euroscepticism caused by the need for sovereignty and, practical evidence, including Britain’s opt-out strategy from seminal agreements within the EU, like the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. Although the EU – then the European Economic Community (EEC) – was established in 1957, Britain only joined as a member in 1973 after initially applying in 1963. Some argued that this delay in joining is one of the reasons Britain is argued to be a semi-detached member. By the point they were able to join, the reason for doing so was solely economic as the – by now stable – EEC had begun imposing external tariffs, and Britain desired to increase its presence by connecting to a “more dynamic free-trade area” (Skidelsky, 2018). In this post-war era, Britain also had to look to solidifying its position as a world leader and moving away from what Winston Churchill (1948) argued to be the three ‘spheres of influence’. The three spheres included the Commonwealth, English speaking nations and Europe, however, through the collapse of the Empire and the rising threat of communism overshadowing US foreign policy, Britain looked to strengthen its focus on Europe, its last remaining stronghold. Despite its reasoning, Britain faced resistance and attempts to join the six founding members states, Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands were thwarted by the then French leader, Charles de Gaulle, as the motives of Britain’s membership were perceived as controlling and potentially corrupt (Sanders and Houghton, 2017). Even after Britain became a member state, its approval has remained low and has never extended past 60% (Frich et al., 2016). Shortly after initiation into the EU, the British government held a referendum to decide if it should remain a member. The results were in favour of the union, however, it is argued that the vote to remain was based on the idea that membership would include no marked political agenda and was to ensure Britain’s membership in the Common Market (Skidelsky, 2018). The late relationship it forged with the EU meant that as the initial need for involvement had shifted from the need for a strong partnership in Europe to a predominantly economic bargaining tool. As such, Britain arguably was able to succeed in achieving its wishes when joining the EU. Maintaining those economic links allowed Britain to take a differential stance on decision-making and opt of crucial aspects of European integration – such as becoming a member of the Economic Monetary Union (EMU) or Eurozone and the Schengen Area. Although it was hard for Britain to adjust to its new membership status with the delays it had, this did not prevent it from becoming one of the most productive members. The active use of the Single Market and financial contributions that are given to the EU annually – and throughout its time as a member state – are of a country that is heavily involved. Dunin-Wasowicz (2016) argues that even despite the rebate given back from the EU, the UK is still one of the most significant net contributors. This financial rebate was implemented in 1985 to ensure the amount the UK contributed was in line with the country’s Gross National Income (GNI). (House of Commons, 2019). This argument of heavy involvement has impacted recent national politics and was one of the main arguments for a call for Brexit by the leave campaign, however, the amounts disclosed did not include the significant rebate or financing given back to the UK. In 2018, “the UK contributed approximately 8.93 billion to the EU budget and received 8.52 billion back.” (Clark, 2019). The aftermath of the EU referendum result is likely to see the pressure of the UK’s investment fall to Germany and the other top 5 contributors are fighting to maintain their rebate to prevent a tremendous economic strain (Khan and Chazan, 2019). The evidence shows that throughout the historical timeline of Britain’s relationship with the EU that it has been a detached member, however, if this is still the case, the economic involvement and investment in the EU does not account for this. Another argument for this detachment is in the cultural evidence, wherein we can see evidence of a rise in the prevalence of Euroscepticism and a wish to maintain sovereignty as proof of Britains detachment from the EU. Britain has a legacy of Euroscepticism that has prevented it from becoming a fully cooperative member of the EU. Although the EU rejected Britains multiple applications to become a member state from 1963 until 1973, Britain also initially rejected becoming part of the newly formed EEC for fear of losing its preference for an imperialist focus on commonwealth (Sanders and Houghton, 2017). In 2017, former Prime Minister David Cameron reflected this idea in his Kyiv (formerly Kiev) speech, noting that Britain has always been a “rather reluctant and uncertain member of the EU.” (Phipps, 2017). Camerons speech echoed the results of the EU referendum prior to the speech. The 2016 referendum resulting in the UK voting to leave the EU signified the establishment of proof of Euroscepticism in the UK. Since its induction into the EU, the argument that the EU as a supranational power that exercised excessive rights over individuals and as a threat to sovereignty and national identity has been a staple of British/ UK politics. The ideas about the efficacy and usefulness of the EU has been a cause for conflict within and between UK political parties since 1973. The UK Conservative party was previously pro-EU as it previously placed importance on the ability to deliver and strengthen Free Market trade between European states. In contrast, the Labour party was previously Eurosceptic and placed its judgement on the EU’s increased power and loss of national sovereignty. This ordering changed in 1995 after Labour under Blair took a Pro European/ EU approach to prevent any further divisions within the party. This disparity, as seen between the Labour and Conservatives, was not only seen between parties but also within. The result of the October 2011 European Union referendum bill – aimed at gaining parliamentary consent to hold the EU referendum – caused turmoil within the Conservative party and caused 81 members to defy a 3 line whip (Geddes, 2016). More recently, 21 Conservative party members had the whip removed for voting for a bill preventing the option of a no-deal Brexit bill if there was no agreement was made by the PM’s October 31st deadline (Hossein-Pour, 2019). This turmoil within and between parties can be seen as evidence of its semi-detached nature as it is evident there is no distinct mandate for participation in the EU if the government are unable to do so. This Euroscepticism in the UK arguably stems from a fear of losing national sovereignty as the UK’s devolved institutions begin to lose power in place of EU jurisdiction. Although British citizens can vote-in members for the European Parliament, regulation and decisions made at the EU level are not subject to our individual government’s parliamentary approval and therefore distance the electorate from decisions made – which arguably weaken democracy. However, the UK has been able to negotiate conditions that make it exempt from specific EU legislation by negotiating opt-out agreements. As an example of this is the 2007 Lisbon Treaty or the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union that enabled the UK to opt-out of certain conditions pertaining to Justice and Home affairs. This choice was exercised more recently in response to the 2015 refugee crisis, wherein the UK was able to decline to partake in certain aspects of the Common European Asylum System that other member states had to adhere to concerning the re-location of migrants (House of Commons – Home Affairs Committee, 2016). As a result, this is further proof of the notion of Britain as a semi-detached member of the EU. Despite the fact, Britain’s Euroscepticism has been seen to be evident in the decisions made within, and regarding the EU, it has been shown that Britain is still able to maintain control over its interactions with the European Union with its practical evidence. The examination of this practical evidence is one of the primary ways to determine how semi-detached Britain is with the EU. One of the key ways in which Britain has been seen as a semi-detached member of the EU is because engagement is optional. While the EU Parliament and Council have the ability to implement laws – with the approval of the majority of the member states, the UK has been able to choose to opt-out of engagement in many of its key focal areas. Along with its self-exclusion from elements of the Lisbon treaty, Britain has also opted out of the Schengen Agreement and 1992 Maastricht Treaty. Westlake (2019) notes that these arrangements that leave Britain on the periphery are not unique, as many others also have opt-in conditions with both agreements. The Schengen Agreement allows citizens of member states to move freely between particular EU countries visa-free and without restriction as this one of the EU’s founding principles of free movement of peoples and trade. The United Kingdom was able to opt-out – along with Ireland when it became enforceable with its integration into the 1999 Amsterdam Treaty, however, Westlake (2019) notes that several other countries, including Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania also do not belong to the Schengen States. This supports the idea that Britain’s special concessions are not a novel in the workings of the EU and if many other countries have similar agreements, the extent of British semi-detachment must not be larger than any other. However, Westlake (2019) did not note that the conditions preventing Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania were different as all are either in the process of meeting the criteria for application or in the process of evaluation to become a Schengen member state. The UK was similarly able to opt-out of becoming a Eurozone member state by also opting out of provisions in the 1992 Maastrict Treaty that would have made it enforceable. Skidelsky (2018) notes this was one of the first ways in which Britain’s status as a semi-detached member was established – as it predates all other agreements, including Amsterdam and Lisbon treaty. However, the UK was not alone in its endeavour to remain independent, and like the concessions given to the UK with the Amsterdam Treaty in 1999, Denmark was also provided with opt-out and following its referendum, chose to remain out of the Eurozone. In this way, if Britain can be said to be a semi-detached member of the EU, then surely Denmark could also be. Data seen in the infographic by the Parliamentary Research Service (2016) shows that along with not being a member of the Eurozone, Denmark has also opted out of the EU defence policy and as such is not privy to foreign policy discussions, which is arguably one of the most significant features of the European Union requiring the most cohesion. In fact, several other countries have similar part-agreements, including countries not within the EU at all. Switzerland rejected becoming part of EEA (EU) in 1992 in favour of bilateral agreements established in 1999. Their bi-lateral agreements include the same framework as offered by the EU such as free trade and movement of people, and as such, it is both a member of the Schengen Area and the EFTA (Ec.europa.eu, 2019). Switzerland could also be argued to be a semi-detached member of the EU without ever being within the EU as its bi-lateral agreements are similar to the part agreements shared by many of the EU member states – including the UK. As Article 50 has been enabled, it is now likely the UK will be heading for bi-lateral agreements like Switzerland to fully complete the detachment process although, in theory, this is what we already have. Westlake (2019) argued that “UK will instead be swapping one set of complex relations with the EU and its member states for another”. What can be said of all these part agreements from the member states like Denmark and Ireland are that out of all the States within the EU, the UK has the most opt-outs of all countries – having opt-out clauses in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, the Schengen agreement, the EMU (or the charter for fundamental human rights.) (EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service, 2016). The reason for Britain’s semi-detached status originates from the need to maintain sovereignty but is also based on its history and the background of Euroscepticism in the UK. The evidence shows that we can conclusively say that Britain does have a semi-detached membership from the EU. However, the evidence also suggests that its detachment is not much more than any other country within the EU or with close ties to the EU. Countries like Denmark and Ireland have similar part agreements, however, they are rarely spoken about in terms of their ‘awkward partnership’. Furthermore, countries that are not in the EU like Norway and Switzerland also have similar bi-lateral agreements and part-agreements with the EU. As such, if the criteria to being a fully-fledged member are only in terms of the participation and agreement with treaties, Norway and Switzerland would more or less be members too. References: Churchill, W (1948) ‘Conservative Mass Meeting: a speech at Llandudno, 9 October 1948’. Europe Unite : speeches 1947
Discussion questions about women and gender issues
cheap assignment writing service Discussion questions about women and gender issues.
These questions are about women, development, and environmental sustainability. Chapter 6 from the BOOK WOMEN ACROSS CULTURES BY SHAWN MEGHAN1. If southern women followed the footsteps of U.S. women, would they gain or lose? What cultural biases or values underlie your answers?2. what can northern female politicians do to help women in lesser developed countries — and should they, can they?3. what responsibilities do I — you, if you see yourself as such — as a woman in a northern country, have to my sisters in the south? Finally, is this question complicated by a Trump presidency? Many men and women in the United States are pledging to stand up for people with fall outside the hegemonic norm (people of color, LGBTQi, non-Christians) in our own country. Is there any ‘fight’ leftover?
Discussion questions about women and gender issues
MGT 521 SEU National Agricultural Development Company Discussion Paper
MGT 521 SEU National Agricultural Development Company Discussion Paper.
Essential Tools (100 points)We have learned that organizational change is a process rather than an event. It often starts with knowing what to change, continues through how to change, and then concludes with when to change. Using these steps as a foundation, submit an assignment that addresses the following:Research organizations in Saudi Arabia that, in the past three years, have completed a major change to their organization (e.g., merged with or acquired another firm, expanded operations, significantly reduced staff, etc.), and select one organization.Provide a brief summary of the organization and the reasons for the recent change.Present the steps or process the organization followed, from the initiation of the change process to the implementation of the change. Which of the several frameworks from the textbook did they use (or do you think they used) to analyze organizational dynamics?Discuss the stakeholders who were included in the process and indicate what their roles were.Finally, discuss the key processes/strategies which were successful, the key processes/strategies which were not successful, and advice or suggestions you would offer (based on what you have learned thus far in this course) which may result in a more successful change initiative in the future. Which of the several frameworks from the textbook would you suggest they use to analyze organizational dynamics?Your well-written paper should meet the following requirements:Be 4-5 pages in length, which does not include the title page and reference pages, which are never a part of the content minimum requirements.Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.Support your submission with course material concepts, principles, and theories from the textbook and at least three scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.It is strongly encouraged that you submit all assignments into the Turnitin Originality Check prior to submitting it to your instructor for grading. If you are unsure how to submit an assignment into the Originality Check tool, review the Turnitin Originality Check – Student Guide for step-by-step instructions.Review the grading rubric to see how you will be graded for this assignment.
MGT 521 SEU National Agricultural Development Company Discussion Paper
CCCC Paradox Animation and Sociological Conversation Asha Rangappa Essay
CCCC Paradox Animation and Sociological Conversation Asha Rangappa Essay.
Part I of your discussion board post should begin with a brief (3 – 4 sentences) summary of the reading(s), properly cited, but you should not spend more than a paragraph of your post summarizing, as the real-life application of the material is as important as your summary. Please leave one line as a section break between the summary and part II of the discussion board post.Part II of the discussion board for the chapter should include answers to any of the discussion prompts you chose to respond to. Answers must be substantive in and utilize the text to supplement the information to address the question. Original posts must be at least 500 words in length. Keep in mind that this is the minimum requirement, and high-quality posts will typically exceed this minimum requirement significantlyYou must also respond to at least (1) of your classmates’ posts, in a substantive manner. It is not acceptable to repeat information from your original post in your response post to a classmate. Your response posts should propel the conversation started by your classmate forward. Posts such as, “I agree” or “Hello X, I enjoyed your post,” and so forth will receive no credit. Since response posts are a content-based grade, the length matters less than the content. It would, however, be difficult to earn full credit without writing at least five sentences in a response post.1. Some people accuse sociologists of observing conditions that are obvious. How does looking at sociology as “making the familiar strange” help counter this claim? How does sociology differ from simple commonsense reasoning?2. What is the sociological imagination and how do history and personal biography affect it? If a sociologist studies the challenges experienced by a student earning a college degree, how could the lessons gained be described as “terrible” as well as “magnificent”?3. What is a social institution and how does it relate to social identity? Choose a sports team or another social institution to illustrate your answer.4. Why do people go to college, and how does Randall Collins’s book Credential Society make the familiar reality of college education seem strange?
CCCC Paradox Animation and Sociological Conversation Asha Rangappa Essay