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An Analytical Comparison and Contrast of Behaviorism and Humanism

An Analytical Comparison and Contrast of Behaviorism and Humanism. This paper serves as a comparison and contrast of behaviorism and humanistic psychology. It will look at the differences in the creation of both historically and also scientific measures taken to study it. It will discuss the works of John Watson, B.F. Skinner, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Lastly, it will cover the similarities between these two fields of study and how they have influenced psychology today. An Analytical Comparison and Contrast of Behaviorism and Humanism Behaviorism is widely discussed in psychology classes among America. Children are introduced to the works of Watson, Skinner and even Pavlov at an early age. Although they may not understand it, it is taught. Behaviorist John Watson, who has been acclaimed as the father of behaviorism, set out to change the narrow focus of psychology. He was not keen on the idea that environment shaped the human conscious and thought the idea of introspection was ridiculous. What he wanted to focus on instead was behavior. Watson believed that our behavior developed over time and that by nurture, humans grew into the people that they were. While no school of thought is perfect, we can definitely be thankful for Watson’s persistence. Many of the terms which are studied today, such as operant conditioning, classical conditioning, stimulus and reinforcement can be credited to the early foundation of this man. A less known theory would be humanistic psychology. Perhaps the fact that it is not actually a school of thought is the reason that it is not talked about as much. However, it has influenced psychology today greatly. While most students may not be aware of what humanistic psychology is, it can be guaranteed that they have heard of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Humanistic psychology focuses on human potential and self-actualization. They also focus on basic human needs such as empathy (Rachman, 1981), which is needed throughout the individuals entire life. While humanists worked hard to make their field of psychology known, it seemed as though they were only criticized. We can appreciate their studies though because they influence us and our development through ways that we do not understand. For many years after the foundation of psychology, discovered by Wilhelm Wundt, the fundamentalist perspective seemed to hold the interest of many who were studying this scientific field. With the increased concentration of the way that the mind adapts to the environment, Comparative Psychology was developed. It seemed like this school of thought was accepted and rarely questioned. However, this all changed in 1913 when John B. Watson wrote the article, “Psychology as the Behaviorist View It.” Watson’s paper was critical of the functionalist’s use of introspection and psychology as a whole. Watson even states, “If you can’t observe 3-9 states of clearness in attention, your introspection is poor.” It seems as though he is making a mockery out of past psychologists who used this as an “excuse” for their studies not getting the result that they expected. He hoped to reduce the use of terms such as consciousness, mental states, mind and imagery and replace it with terms such as habit formation, stimulus and response (Watson, 1994). His paper was like a map for the foundation of psychology and he hypothesized what caused certain behaviors to occur. Overall, Watson set out to change the mind set of psychologists, hoping to shift the focus from the unconscious mind to instead looking at observable behavior. He had a grown interest in conditioning and whether an emotional response could be conditioned to exist. In his most famous study, with Little Albert, Watson would look at the stimulus and response that the child had in regards to the emotion of fear. Even more, Watson thought that psychology itself should focus on nurture instead of nature. He believed that it was more important to look at the way that we were raised and nurtured mattered more than how our environment shaped us individually. Watson even wrote a book entitled “Psychological Care of the Infant and Child” in which he criticized the child-rearing practices of his time (SchultzAn Analytical Comparison and Contrast of Behaviorism and Humanism
1interfaceT/** * Adds one element to the rear of this queue. * * @parampublicenqueue(T element). Question 1interfaceT/** * Adds one element to the rear of this queue. * * @parampublicenqueue(T element) . public QueueADT { element the element to be added to the rear of this queue */ void ; /** * Removes and returns the element at the front of this queue. * * @return the element at the front of this queue */ public T dequeue(); /** * Returns without removing the element at the front of this queue. * * @return the first element in this queue */ public T first(); /** * Returns true if this queue contains no elements. * * @return true if this queue is empty */ public boolean isEmpty(); /** * Returns the number of elements in this queue. * * @return the integer representation of the size of this queue */ public int size(); /** * Returns a string representation of this queue. * * @return the string representation of this queue */ public String toString(); } 2. public class LinkedQueue implements QueueADT { private int count; private LinearNode front, rear; /** * Creates an empty queue. */ public LinkedQueue() { count = 0; front = rear = null; } /** * Adds the specified element to the rear of this queue. * * @param element the element to be added to the rear of this queue */ public void enqueue (T element) { } /** * Removes the element at the front of this queue and returns a * reference to it. Throws an EmptyCollectionException if the * queue is empty. * * @return the element at the front of this queue * @throws EmptyCollectionException if an empty collection exception occurs */ public T dequeue() throws EmptyCollectionException { } /** * Returns a reference to the element at the front of this queue. * The element is not removed from the queue. Throws an * EmptyCollectionException if the queue is empty. * * @return a reference to the first element in * this queue * @throws EmptyCollectionsException if an empty collection exception occurs */ public T first() throws EmptyCollectionException { } /** * Returns true if this queue is empty and false otherwise. * * @return true if this queue is empty and false if otherwise */ public boolean isEmpty() { } /** * Returns the number of elements currently in this queue. * * @return the integer representation of the size of this queue */ public int size() { } /** * Returns a string representation of this queue. * * @return the string representation of this queue */ public String toString() { } } 3. public class LinearNode { private LinearNode next; private E element; /** * Creates an empty node. */ public LinearNode() { next = null; element = null; } /** * Creates a node storing the specified element. * * @param elem the element to be stored within the new node */ public LinearNode (E elem) { next = null; element = elem; } /** * Returns the node that follows this one. * * @return the node that follows the current one */ public LinearNode getNext() { return next; } /** * Sets the node that follows this one. * * @param node the node to be set to follow the current one */ public void setNext (LinearNode node) { next = node; } /** * Returns the element stored in this node. * * @return the element stored in this node */ public E getElement() { return element; } /** * Sets the element stored in this node. * * @param elem the element to be stored in this node */ public void setElement (E elem) { element = elem; } } 4 public class EmptyCollectionException extends RuntimeException { /** * Sets up this exception with an appropriate message. * @param collection String representing the name of the collection */ public EmptyCollectionException (String collection) { super (“The ” collection ” is empty.”); } } 5 public class TestQueue { public static void main(String[] args) { LinkedQueue Q = new LinkedQueue(); if (Q.isEmpty()) { System.out.println(“Test 1 passed – isEmpty()”); } else { System.out.println(“Test 1 failed – isEmpty()”); } Q.enqueue(“one”); Q.enqueue(“two”); Q.enqueue(“three”); Q.enqueue(“four”); Q.enqueue(“five”); Q.enqueue(“six”); Q.enqueue(“seven”); Q.enqueue(“eight”); Q.enqueue(“nine”); if (Q.size() == 9) { System.out.println(“Test 2 passed – size()”); } else { System.out.println(“Test 2 failed – size()”); } String firstElem = Q.first(); if (firstElem.equals(“one”)) { System.out.println(“Test 3 passed – first()”); } else { System.out.println(“Test 3 failed – first()”); } // Dequeue several elements. for (int i = 0; i < 5; i ) { Q.dequeue(); } firstElem = Q.first(); if (firstElem.equals("six")) { System.out.println("Test 4 passed – first()"); } else { System.out.println("Test 4 failed – first()"); } String toStr = Q.toString(); System.out.println(Q); if (toStr.equals("Queue: six, seven, eight, nine.")) { System.out.println("Test 5 passed – toString()"); } else { System.out.println("Test 5 failed – toString()"); } // Dequeue the remaining elements. for (int i = 0; i < 4; i ) { Q.dequeue(); } toStr = Q.toString(); System.out.println(Q); if (toStr.equals("The queue is empty.")) { System.out.println("Test 6 passed – toString()"); } else { System.out.println("Test 6 failed – toString()"); } } } 6 public class Snail { public static char icon = ‘@’; private int position; private QueueADT movePattern; public Snail (int[] pattern) { } public void move () { } public int getPosition () { } public void display () { } } 7 public class SnailRace { private Snail[] participants; public static int raceLength = 50; public SnailRace () { participants = new Snail[3]; participants[0] = new Snail(new int[] {1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0}); participants[1] = new Snail(new int[] {2, 1, 1, 0}); participants[2] = new Snail(new int[] {0, 0, 3}); try { startRace(); } catch (Exception e) { System.out.println(“An error occurred.”); } } public void startRace () throws InterruptedException { boolean racing = true; while (racing) { for (int i = 0; i < participants.length; i ) { participants[i].move(); } for (int i = 0; i < participants.length; i ) { if (participants[i].getPosition() == raceLength) { racing = false; } } display(); // Pause briefly to simulate the timing of the race. Thread.sleep(500); } } public void display () { for (int i = 0; i < participants.length; i ) { participants[i].display(); } System.out.println("nnnn"); } public static void main (String[] args) { new SnailRace(); } } Image transcriptions Show all Exercise 1 – Completing the Linked Queue class 1. Open and and examine the code in both classes. 2. Note that LinkedQueue is not complete; all its methods (other than the constructor) are left empty. Without adding any additional instance variables or methods, complete the six empty methods given the following instructions: enqueue O — take in an element of the generic type. Create a new LinearNode with the given input element. Make all the proper connections including special ones if this is going to be the first element of the queue. Update count as well. dequeue O — if the queue is empty, throw an EmptyColtectionException. If not, retrieve the element at the front of the queue and remove it and then retum it. Remember to update the front pointer when this element is being removed and if this is the only item then update rear as well. Decrement count to indicate this removed item. fi r’st O — if the queue is empty, throw an EmptyCollectionException. If not, retrieve the element at the front of the queue and return it without removing it. i sEmptyO — return true if there are no elements, and false otherwise. Si 2e 0 — return the number of elements in the queue. toSt r’i ng O — if the queue is empty, return “The queue is empty.” Otherwise return a single-line string starting with1interfaceT/** * Adds one element to the rear of this queue. * * @parampublicenqueue(T element)

Ethical Justification: Involving Human Volunteers in Trials

Ethical Justification of Involving Human Volunteers in Phase 1 Trials Zoheb Rafique INTRODUCTION Tremendous development in recent medical science and the consequent discoveries resulting in successful prevention and also cure of different diseases are shared by clinical research involving the human volunteers. Preceding the trials in the human subjects, and to ensure safety, the proposed drug and other interventions are either tested in animals (vivo) or in laboratory (vitro) to evaluate initial safe starting dose for the human beings and to key out the benchmarks for the clinical monitoring for the potential unfavorable effects. These pre human trials might not necessarily protect against the untoward effects in the human beings as happened in the case of thalidomide tragedy, which caused disability and killed thousands of babies born to the mothers, those who took this medicine. Use of healthy human volunteers in the preliminary experiments or phase I clinical trials either reduces or excludes risks of subsequent undesirable effects in the future trails (1). Phase-1 trials are conducted in order to test the safety, reactions and immunogenicity of vaccines in volunteers. Novel treatments for the cancer are first tested in phase 1 trials enrolling the patients with advanced disease, who have exhausted the standard treatment options. Phase-1 oncology trials are the pivot point in the translation of new cancer therapies from bench to bedside. Nevertheless, these trials remain ethically controversial. The controversy stems from the fact that, classically, phase-1 oncology clinical trials involve first-in-human testing of experimental treatment candidates in patients with a terminal diagnosis, who typically have exhausted standard treatment options. Commentators on the ethics of phase-1 clinical trials make diametrically opposed claims about the prospect of direct medical benefit from participation in these trials-benefits that can be attributed to receiving the experimental treatment intervention. One camp of benefit skeptics, inhabited mainly by bioethicists, characterizes this form of research as lacking any reasonable prospect of direct medical benefit. They see an ethical cloud hovering over phase-1 trials, because the vast majority of patients volunteer for phase-1 trials out of a motivation to receive medical benefit. In the view of these skeptics, such patients therefore harbor a ‘therapeutic misconception’ about research participation. This misconception calls into question the validity of informed consent and thereby undercuts the ethical basis of these trials (2). In this paper, I will discuss the ethical justification of the participation of human volunteers in phase-1 trials. DISCUSSION It is now widely accepted that medical research designed for the benefit of populations in developed countries should not be conducted with subjects recruited from populations in economically underdeveloped countries. Indeed, it is ethically objectionable to recruit from populations in resource-poor settings, even in developed countries, unless those populations are particularly susceptible to the condition the research is designed to relieve. In one study, there was proposal to conduct a phase-1 vaccine study recruiting subjects from the United States when the purpose is to assist the population of Mali, in Sub-Saharan Africa, to overcome the pervasive local consequences of Malaria. The ethical principle of justice, which requires a fair allocation of the risks and benefits of medical research, provides that the risk of research should not be planned to affect subjects from one population when benefits of the research are primarily directed to another population. It may accordingly appear, at first assessment, that the Malian government’s requirement that all phase-1 testing of the antimalarial vaccine be conducted in the United States is as unethical as it would be for the United States government to require that all phase-1 testing of a vaccine or other product intended primarily to benefit the population of the United States be conducted in Mali. Yet codes of ethical conduct are less consistent on this point than commentators usually require being. The World Medical Association’s much-cited Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for Medical Research Involving Human subjects provides that “Medical research is only justified if there is a reasonable likelihood that the population in which the research is carried out stand to benefit from the results of the research.” By this criterion, conduct of the phase-1 study in the United States appears unethical. In the context of HIV/AIDS, however, the WHO’S Global program on AIDS (1989) provided that, “in general, initial phase-1 trials should be conducted in the country of origin of the vaccine”. By this criterion, phase-1 testing in the United States is appropriate, if a vaccine would originate and initially be governmentally approved in the United States. The situation would be otherwise, of course, if the NIH was funding the study for production of the vaccine in Mali. The ethical remains of where the initial phase-1 vaccine trials can be conducted most equitably, with least risk of exploitation and most protection of the interests of study subjects (3). Most clinical research trials today require the informed consent. Concern however is raised that subjects of phase 1 trial studies might not provide valid consent. In particular, few commentators worry that subjects of phase 1 oncology trials have an exaggerated idea of any chance of the therapeutic benefit. The Empirical studies tells that phase 1 trial participants are highly optimistic and hopeful about their chance of personal benefit and also are motivated by hope for the clinical improvement. Altruism, on other hand is much less often identified as driving the decision to enroll, when quoted as motivating factor; and it typically is not the prime reason for the participation. In one research study, sixty one (61 %) of phase 1 oncology participants were doubtful about altruism would motivate the advanced cancer patients to enroll in the non beneficial research and several phase 1 volunteers in another study showed “Surprise” at idea of research participation based exclusively on altruism. Some studies find, however that the individuals in some other types of research trials often participate in the hope of helping others. As an example, schaeffer and colleagues describe that “hope others benefit” is one of the two most common motivational factors for the healthy volunteers (4). The research participants should be fully informed about the difference between research and therapy and also risk-benefit ratio. The researcher should offer patients substitutes other than participation in the trials and also vulnerable population should not be included in the trials at any cost and especially in the phase-1 trials. CIOMS guideline 7 talks about inducement of participation in research. According to the guideline the research subjects can be reimbursed for their needs such as transport and other expenses, and also lost earnings, that is associated with participation in the research. Those persons who receive no any direct benefit from research may also get a small amount of money for their inconvenience due to the participation in research. All volunteers may get the medical services unrelated to research and could have tests and procedures performed free of cost. Payments in terms of money or in kind to the research subjects may not be so huge as to carry them to take unwarranted risks or volunteer against the better judgment. Incompetent persons are vulnerable to the exploitation for financial gain by the guardians. A subject who withdraws himself/herself from the research for various reasons related to research study, such as unacceptable side-effects of a study drug, or who is withdrawn on health grounds, should be paid or recompensed as if full participation had taken place. For all biomedical research involving human subjects, the investigator must ensure that potential benefits and risks are reasonably balanced and risks are minimized. The Declaration of Helsinki deals with the wellbeing of research subjects and the avoidance of risk. Thus, considerations related to the well-being of the human subject should take precedence over the interests of science and society, clinical testing must be preceded by adequate laboratory or animal experimentation to demonstrate a reasonable probability of success without undue risk, every project should be preceded by careful judgment of predictable burden and risks in comparison with the foreseeable benefits to research subjects or to others; physician-researchers must be confident that the risks involved have been adequately assessed and can be satisfactorily managed; and the risks and burdens to the subject must be minimized, and reasonable in relation to the importance of the objective or the knowledge to be gained (5). CONCLUSION The first basic principle of the Declaration of Helsinki requires biomedical research involving human subjects to be based on “adequately performed laboratory and animal experimentation and on a thorough knowledge of the scientific literature.” This implies that human subjects should not be used unless and until successful experiments in animals, as well as in vitro, have been completed. The Declaration, like most consensus documents formulated by representatives of different nations and medical traditions, is often vague and difficult to interpret in specific cases. It might allow proceeding to clinical trials if adequate animal studies demonstrated the inapplicability irrelevance, or absence of a useful animal model. If animals died immediately after receiving a vaccine, this would undoubtedly prohibit using the vaccine in human subjects (6). I will conclude this paper by saying that research is the only way of getting rid of various diseases through proper treatment and also benefiting future patients from those diseases which have no cure at present or any medical treatment available, so research should not be stopped. In my opinion, human volunteers can be involved in phase-1 trials but following all international guidelines and all other aspects of biomedical ethics. REFERENCES Inayat Ullah Memon. JUSTIFICATION OF PARTICIPATION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS IN PHASE 1 CLINICAL TRIALS: AN ETHICAL ANALYSIS. Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 2011; 2(2):26-29 Franklin G Miller and Steven Joffe. Benefit in phase 1 oncology trials: therapeutic misconception or reasonable treatment option? Clinical Trials. 2008; 5: 617-623. Bernard Dickens. Reverse Exploitation in the Baltimore Malaria Vaccine Study. Emily Abdoler, Holly Taylor, and David Wendler. The Ethics of Phase 0 Oncology Trials. Clin cancer Res. 2008; 14(12): 3692-3697. International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. CIOMS 2002; 1-113. Wendy K. Mariner. Why Clinical Trials of AIDS Vaccines Are Premature. Public Health and the Law. AJPH. 1989; Vol. 79, No. 1: 86-91.

Effective Methods of Event Management

essay writing service free INTRODUCTION Event management is the request of project management to the conception and development of festival, an event and meeting. Event organization involves studying the workings of brand, identifying the aim audience, and coordinating the technological aspects before really the target modalities of the planned event. Events and festivals such as valentines even, have a crash in some communities. It’s a career which requires investment and creativity. Today many shows are there are one on TV is prepared by event managing. The clients come to the event management with an unclear idea in mind it is totally up to the event manager to work on the idea and turn it into a truth. Event could be whatever thing from concerts, product launches, wedding, or parties. Additional, enters this pasture has to first join as a learner. Event management is practice configured based on client’s requirements. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD is best event for start an event organization company. Furthermore, we make available, in addition to the ability to activate in Malaysia plus in many other countries. Our team has at all times been lead with a passion for staying at the forefront of the skill that we create that only engage the audience but endure long after the curtain have come down. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD provides closing stages-to end services for meetings, convention as well as conferences also. MAIN BODY Question 1 Assuming that you want to establish an event management company. Identify the form of organization structure that you would apply for your new company and justify your answers PYRAMID EVENT (M) SDN BHD Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD willpower establishes soon in Penang, April 2011. We try a non stop events management company that supply the best perform of project management to the conception and development of creative and out of the box events. Furthermore, as an event management business we scope encompass all creative and technical of the event depending on the client’s needs knowledge and budget. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD will be leading company in Penang by, providing quality, unique and cost-effective events to public. Than we steady introduction of new trends, to integrated events solutions. As a Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD company that supplies the most excellent practice of project management to the formation plus development of creative and out of the box events. As going to establish an event Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD scope encompasses all original and technical of the event depending on the client’s wants expertise and budget. Furthermore, our mission is to be a centre of event management quality where creativity and class is the epitome and heartbeat of the organization and vision is not only showing in what we have done but also in what will distribute to satisfy our customer. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD is committed to achieve success for clients by applying the full power of communication as an extension of business oddly and execution. Although, for purpose day be worrying enough without having to be anxious whether the cateress are going to turn up on time. As an event management we have time and links to make sure the events run gratefully in future. (REFER FIGURE: 1) PYRAMID EVENT (M) SDN BHD ORGANIZATION CHART Merchandising Official Promotion Equipment Venue Program Hospitality Director An individual or obsession with the purpose of directs one of grouping of people who direct the dealings of a trade or else a person who is in accuse of the manufacture event. As a director of Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD has most important job for the harmonization, expansion, planning, completing as well as also grasp up category of events. Event captivating position at an exact location otherwise may obtain place on-line or might be a mixture of in cooperation. For example, as a director of Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD, has tactical for identify along with rising events to support and expand in present area represent by member and in original market too. Such as, winning release on the objectives of this position has a director crash on the act plus aptitude to bring on supplementary planned and prepared goals. Furthermore, be supposed to be expecting to increase skill in management and agenda organization as well as exact managerial aspect and completion of an event. Merchandising Merchandising as frequently old in advertising plus means the endorsement of products sale, as through coordinate making and advertising and rising advertising, display, along with sales strategy to add to retail sales. The preparation caught up in advertising the correct goods or services on the right put, at the point in time, in the right quantity. Promotional sale actions of an advertiser’s sales strength, retailer otherwise dealer as well as marketing toward demonstrate a manufactured goods or services in a positive glow as a result so as to it will be purchase by the commerce community and the intense community. As soon, we will establish Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD we contain expert in this part. As event management company we determination use a plenty of equipment such as, computer, radio, electricity to do our event management. Program Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD will be a good way for customer to interact plus well known their wants. A listing of the order of events and other pertinent information for a public presentation. Programmer usually a set of plans to develop or improve something. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD welcoming public to our event. As an event management company we do many types of programs. For example, we do wedding dinner, canopy services, birthday function, school and public function and extra. To do this programmed event management use different types of skills. Hospitality Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD contains skilled in our employees to show and make sure every one the customer’s, VIP’s, and representative go residence by way of a cheery face. This is extremely important for our Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD status. This it self will decide on how the client willpower hold up us. So far we have probable about 500customer’s to the event management, so we are prepare beverages and delicacy on behalf of our customer. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD has known the tender to Ananda Bhavan catering services to obtain care of that. They are to supply us with 2types of drinks along with 4types of food and 1type of fruit’s. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD be charitable gone free balloon’s along with ice creams to small children’s. Venue Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD having this event in spot at centre of City. We prefer this site because of its planned location in the city. Furthermore, we polished our time at 9am until 10pm. It’s to make sure that our client has the occasion to create it following they come to an end their work. As well as we are doing it on Saturday and Sunday grounds the majority of the family would similar to go out on this day for does their purchasing. So those, Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD provide them an option of place to visit. And we be capable of be sure that they determination include a good day at what time they visit our event in soon. Equipment As an event management company we use many types of equipment for our events. Such as, video organization, chair, table, DVD player, to do our event. These equipments we will use for do our Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD. Promotion Promotion is the best part of business. Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD used 3D signage for attract customers. We will do promotion twice a year to inform the customers about our products. Furthermore, we supply and create of live entertainment demonstrate and interactive action intended for invite customers. We have advertised our Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD Company in Star Sun Metro, Nanban, and Berita Harian newspapers. Other than, our staff distributes flyers to public who pass by the road. Official We will invite VIP Datuk Subramani for launch the Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD Company. And most of the official comes for this event, so we must make sure that everything is done smoothly by arranging perfect sitting place for them and guide them with our staff. CONCLUSION We consider in provided that superiority and resourceful services as soon as it comes to our customers. In arrange to maintain up by way of a more and more competitive market, we supply an extensive variety of services to our convince. As affirmation of our determination to become the premier marketing and event specialist. As a Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD we like to improve our event management company to international trade. Furthermore, an event companies we consider that a long-term feeling is what public keep in mind the most in addition to the best ever. Therefore, Pyramid Event (M) SDN BHD does our greatest to distribute an impressive occasion that determination leave our visitors with unforgettable moment and our consumers with winning measures in future. INTRODUCTION Sea Food Restaurant was formed on 14 April 2010. Owner of Sea Food Restaurant is Mr.Lim. For now, Sea Food Restaurant Operate in Parit Buntar, Perak area only. Since one year Sea Food Restaurant provide good foods to customers. In this restaurant got seven employees include server, cleaner, and also cook. Their all so help full to Mr.Lim for run his business successfully. Mr.Lim runs his Sea Food Restaurant in local area only. In future he plans to run his business to international trade. For his business Mr.Lim used some equipment to run his business successfully. For example, table, chair, fan, and air coned, freeze and some more. The purposes of Mr.Lim choose Sea Food Restaurant is foods very important to all human being. So that, Mr.Lim proud be to establish foods to customers. Mr.Lim runs this Sea Food Restaurant business with his wife. Mr.Lim gives salary to the employees based on their working skill. For example, for cooks his salary and serves salary are totally different. Since one year Sea Food Restaurant successfully run in local. Mr.Lim faced alots of troubles to achieve a successful restaurant. Furthermore, working hour to employees is 10am-10pm in weekends. MAIN BODY Question 2 Interview a small local business proprietor in your area. Briefly identify the nature of the business and come up with a SWOT Analysis for the business. Attach the interview questionnaires with the report. WHAT IS SWOT ANALYSIS SWOT analysis is a strategic planning method used to evaluate the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats where this strategic planning uses for project or in a business venture. We be supposed to be well-known that when identify moreover classify related factors, the focus is not in a minute on interior matter, but also exterior mechanism. The mechanism could crash the winner of the plan. Green factor interior to the solid frequently can be confidential as strengths or weakness. Although external to the firm know how to be off the record while opportunities or threats. So that this all factors referred as SWOT analysis. Based on Strengths in SWOT analysis is individuality or attribute surrounded by the group that is measured to be central to the carrying out plus ultimate success of the project. Next is, Weakness. The nonappearance of convinced strengths possibly will be view as a weakness. An example is, each is considered as weakness is lack of patent protection. In some cases, a weakness may be the flip side of strength. The third arrangement of factor in the SWOT analysis is Opportunities. This categorization has to perform with outside elements with the purpose of will prove supportive for income and growth. In SWOT analysis classifies in last is Threats. Here, exterior factors to could intimidate the achievement of the project are listed and address change in the exterior ecological as well could there threats to the solid. This all method called as SWOT analysis. WHY USE SWOT ANALYSIS The complete end of responsibility a SWOT Analysis is to assist you recognize the majority valuable target and strategy to follow right now base on your present circumstances, plus to recognize strategies so as to will help you get ready for the prospect. In any business, analysis forces a purpose investigation of a company’s location via its participant and the marketplace. SWOT Analysis is an extremely capable way of recognize your Strengths and Weaknesses plus of exploratory the Opportunities and Threats you face. Carrying out an analysis by the SWOT structure determination assist you to focus your behavior keen on areas where you are physically powerful, and where the greatest opportunities recline. Your activities into areas wherever you are burly, along with where the maximum plus of investigative the Opportunities and Threats you features. Based on these SWOT analysis had questionnaires a small local business proprietor Mr.Lim who is the owner of Sea Food Restaurant. ELEMENTS OF SWOT ANALYSIS Strengths Based on strengths I had five questionnaires. First is, Mr.Lim able to be innovating his Sea Food Restaurant by producing different types of foods to customers. For example, from sea food to nasi goreng, and kweteo basah. Stand out from competitors Mr.Lim well known as possible for how to run his restaurant outshine from the competitors. Mr.Lim said some restaurant do their business without knowing their basic knowledge of business but for Mr.Lim well known to how run his Sea Food Restaurant in local. Next, pool of skilled employees Sea Food Restaurant so far doesn’t have any pool of skilled employees. For avoid this kind of things Mr.Lim keeping good employees determines business success. Fourth questionnaire I had is morale of the employees is quit high for Mr.Lim restaurant. This because, every person has different reasons for doing their job. Sea Food Restaurant has different reasons for doing their job. Sea Food Restaurant has strong brands to their restaurant and nowadays current concept of brand grew not in of the buyer packed goods with stronger. Weakness Based on questionnaires I had asked Mr.Lim said serves skills the employees. Sometimes, the employees will mistakenly write order of foods. So that, customers will complain about it. Next is the advertising reach to attract customers but for Mr.Lim Sea Food Restaurant so far no reach good advertising. Not only that, so far Mr.Lim able to attrack customers based on employees faith in management Mr.Lim said that it was employees during times will create a better working relationship with staff and improve productivity. For Sea Food Restaurant so far wants employees. Mr.Lim said so far his restaurant wants more employees to develop his restaurant. Opportunity Based on, advanced technology Sea Food Restaurant advanced with it. Mr.Lim restaurant got free WIFI connection for customers. This for attract more customers to his restaurant. Furthermore, Mr.Lim haven’t yet enter any new markets and he said as soon as possible will enter new market also. For that customer support he needs. Furthermore, Mr.Lim said for develop the business he faced financial problems. So that, Mr.Lim had gone to CIMB Bank, regarding to upgrade his Sea Food Restaurant business. By grow the business during recession, it takes long time get up and it’s a great way to interact with all his customers in open place. Otherwise, Mr.Lim’s favorable circumstance are that, view Sea Food Restaurant beside the seaside. Threats Based on threat Mr.Lim faced obstacles. In a particular day, his business will be very low cause of customers wills never turn up and also jealousy by another restaurant. Next, based on competition Mr.Lim will serve different kind of food based on the days. For example, Chinese mostly doing their wedding dinner in Sea Food Restaurant. So that time, Mr.Lim will provide different foods based on the reception. Mr.Lim sad if within 3lilometer have a star bucks coffee near the Sea Food Restaurant means is not cause Mr.Lim’s business. This because Mr.Lim restaurant is mainly about sea food and star bucks is only a coffee. So that, he don’t so. Mr.Lim don’t face any environmental effects because Mr.Lim restaurant in an open view. At last, Mr.Lim restaurant in a market demand. SEA FOOD RESTAURANT STRENGTHS The restaurant able to innovate? What makes your restaurant stand out from your competitors? Does your restaurant have a pool of skilled employees? Is the morale of the employees high? Does your restaurant strong brands? Weakness What do your customers complain about? Is the advertising effective? Is the restaurant able to attract talent? Do employees have faith in management? Do employees need for your restaurant? Opportunity Is your restaurant advanced in technology? Is our restaurant entering new market? Do you have gone to any bank’s regarding loans to upgrade the business? How do you grow the business? What favorable circumstance are you facing? Threats What obstacles do you faced? What is your competition doing? If within 5kilometer got star buck will reduce your restaurant? Do you face any environmental effects? It’s that your restaurant in a market level? QUESTIONNAIRES 5.0 CONCLUSION SWOT Analysis managerial strategy are the income from side to side which companies complete their missions and goal. It is not basically sufficient to recognize the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of a business. In apply the SWOT analysis it is essential to reduce or keep away from both weaknesses and threats. Weaknesses are supposed to be look at in organize to change them keen on strengths. Similarly, threats are supposed to be rehabilitated into opportunities. Lastly, strengths and opportunities ought to be coordinated to optimize the potential of a firm. Applying Successful strategies address four basics of the surroundings within which the business operate. The full point of responsibility a SWOT analysis is to help you classify the mainly useful targets and strategies to follow right now base on your recent situation and to make out strategies that determination help you organize for the future. SWOT help to run a business in a good way in prospect. Further more, SWOT identifying our Strengths plus Weakness of investigative the Opportunities as well as also Threats tat we face. Over the long term, we are supposed to contain goals from every of the four quadrants for equilibrium. In the little phrase, we possibly will want to focal point on one or two quadrants to obtain advantage of several situations that we presently in front of.

HCA 451 California State University Provision of Cheap and Accessible Health Care Paper

HCA 451 California State University Provision of Cheap and Accessible Health Care Paper.

I’m working on a health & medical writing question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

Economic Analysis Paper. The purpose of this assignment is to develop the ability/habit of critical thinking and reasoning. The report should be at least 2,500 words, not including the title page, executive summary/abstract, and references. Infographics are encouraged in the report and so are techniques/methodologies covered in class. Refer to the written report paper outline and rubric for specifics. This paper should be high-quality and must be APA
style, 12-inch font, and double spaced. The paper topic must be chosen from recent news/reports published in newspapers, journals, magazines, or the Internet. The key to success in this paper is to explain the economic foundations of the underlying issue or problem that appeared in the news. The chosen topic should be currently important and must be cleared with the instructor before proceeding. The paper should educate the reader and at least: a. clearly state and explain the underlying health care and economic issue(s) and problem(s)
b. describe and explain relevant health, economic, political, and historical background of the issue
c. explain how economics is related to the chosen topic and what economic laws and principles are applicable
d. describe potential solutions for the issue and policy
e. explains how this issue, problem, or policy is viewed by relevant interest groups and how it affects (or is likely to
affect) various health care organizations
f. suggest what you think will be done now or in the future
g. suggest how health care administrators and their organizations could influence the outcome. The BB Dropbox will be set up with OriginalityCheck, a technique that will search all the resources online and in libraries. The similarity index for your papers should be less than 30%. If greater than 30%, you will lose points based on the percentage of the similarity (e.g. if you have 37% of similarity, your grade will be based on 63% of the assigned points toward each assignment.). No late submission will be accepted.Attached is the rubric for this assignment.
HCA 451 California State University Provision of Cheap and Accessible Health Care Paper

Writer’s Choice

Writer’s Choice. Paper details For this assignment, you will be working out of pages 37-108 in Your Family, Your Self. The goal of this assignment is to enhance your understanding of the various roles, scripts, and rules that operated in your family system when you were growing up. All your answers are confidential, and will not be shared. I will grade this assignment based on completion and effort, and not “right answers.” Instructions (5 Steps total): Step One In a Word doc, create a heading called, Family Roles. Under this heading, list all the names of the people who were central to your family system growing up. This list will likely include your parents, step-parents, and siblings. It may also include grandparents, Aunts, Uncles, Cousins, and step-brothers/sisters. Decide on which names to list based upon how relevant they were to your upbringing, and their level of participation in the family system. For this exercise, it’s best if you list only those names who were intimately participated in the system (on a day-today basis, or close to it). Not listing a name does not mean that person was irrelevant or unimportant! Step Two After carefully reading the chapter, “Family Roles,” try to identify which role was assigned to each person on your list (especially yourself). The various roles to choose from are as follows: caretaker, hero, scapegoat, mascot, and lost child. If you’re having a hard time deciding which role a particular member was assigned, do not worry. It may be that roles in your home were flexible, rather than rigid, and perhaps people moved “in and out” of their assigned role at various stages. Assign what you think is the most applicable one given the choices, even if it’s an imperfect fit. Then, ask yourself, “does this person continue on in this role?” If so, put a YES next to the role name. Next, tell me whether that person’s role was flexible or rigid? Finally, tell me which person on your list: a) usually restored the family system to relative homeostasis after anxiety was encountered; b) usually caused the anxiety in the family system (or was perceived to be the person who typically caused the anxiety, which may indeed be a bit of a different question); c) how was the anxiety in the family system passed around (i.e., circulated)– did it tend to “travel” from one person, to another, and then perhaps to the member in charge of restoring homeostasis? Step 3 Now that we’ve looked at family roles, let’s turn to individual scripts. On page 79, determine which of the following scripts (sometimes called life positions) best applies to you: I’m not OK, you’re not OK; I’m not OK, you’re OK; I’m OK, you’re not OK; or I’m OK, you’re OK. Once you identify which script best fits your experience, explain why (120-200 words). Does the script continue on in this form, more or less? Step 4 As we seek to identify more about your script, please answer any three of the following questions (see pages 81-86 for more details): Who were/are your heroes and villains? What events keep recurring in your life? What were your favorite stories and who were your favorite characters in childhood? Describe your shadow side (or some part of it)? How does your body figure into the script? What behavior patterns do you tend to repeat over and over? How is spirituality woven into your script? How does your script define your gender? Step Five As the final part of this assignment, cast a glance back to your childhood once again, and answer the following questions about the rules of your home. Were the rules in your family system: covert or overt (mainly)? Appropriate or inappropriate (and by this I mean in relation to developmental stages, and whether the rules were appropriate to your developmental stage)? Flexible or rigid (mainly)? Healthy or toxic? Once you’ve completed all five steps, describe three insights you’ve gleaned from this assignment, and then upload it here. Cite as needed.Writer’s Choice