This is just a forum post. Below is the instruction from the professor. Choose a topic of interest to you. It needs to be a national topic, but could be any subject – defense, welfare reform, foreign policy, immigration etc. Then, choose two Think Tanks, either those given in the examples in the lessons, or others that you find. Search for position papers they have written on the subject. Explain, using the policy analysis criteria given, how they analyzed the policy – where did they agree, where did they disagree, etc. It might be useful to create a chart with the policy analysis questions down the side and the think tanks listed along the top for a direct comparison. Below is the link to the lesson page APUS Content (brightspace.com)
American Public University System The US Defense Budget Forum Post
IT 252 SNHU Team Work Cultural and Geographical Diversity Essay
IT 252 SNHU Team Work Cultural and Geographical Diversity Essay.
As an individual, reflect on and discuss the importance of diversity in teams and the relationship of diversity to teams spread across a large area.What sort of cultural considerations should you take into account when considering collaborative tools and techniques? How did the cultural and geographical diversity in your group prove beneficial in helping your team to achieve its goals?How did your team overcome and build from conflict? How did the team’s diversity promote resolution to conflict?To complete this assignment, review the Journal Guidelines and Rubric document.
IT 252 SNHU Team Work Cultural and Geographical Diversity Essay
The Background And Significance Of MRSA Infection
essay helper free Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Infection disease acquired in hospitals have changed during the past decades, Gram-negative pathogens were predominantly responsible. However serious infections were brought under control with the discovery of penicillin, but as resistance to antibiotics spread new and dangerous superbug strains emerged. The main infective threat on the increase in micro-organisms that is resistant to many antibiotics is Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), (Abb, 2004). Aims of this essay: The Background and significance of MRSA infection. Critically Review Epidemiology of MRSA. Explore MRSA Screening/programmes in both hospital and community. Critically analyse Ethical implications of introducing MRSA Screening. MRSA was first discovered in 1961, during the time in the UK when almost all people were having significant health care through the National Health Service. MRSA was first recognised as a source of infection which then became a major nosacomial pathogen transmission within the hospital and in the community. Infections due to Staphylococcus aureas are a growing clinical and a public health problem globally, and the incident of patient infection and colonisation of MRSA continues to rise in the UK health-care system. Delano et al (2000) described MRSA as a major nosacomial pathogen, with transmission within hospitals, transmissions between different hospitals, hospitals within the same country and even intercontinental spread of endemic strains. However certain strains could be found worldwide and only few strains were responsible for a large part of MRSA infections, (Boyce et al, 2005). Germany saw the proportion of MRSA to S. aureus in clinical specimen rise from 8 % in 1995 to 30 % in 2003 – a higher increase than in nearly all other European countries, (Robinson and Enright, 2004). Community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) infections have turned out to be the most troubling pathogen. Its increase in the community has reported infections among healthy children and adults. But little remains unknown about how patterns of colonisation with MRSA in the community have changed, (Health Protection Agency, (HPA), 2004). An epidemiology report stated that each year around 1 in 10 NHS patients contract a healthcare associated infection (HAI) in the UK (Department of Health, 2003). In Scotland, HAIs were recorded as a major factor in an estimated 457 deaths each year and a contributory factor in a further 1,372 deaths 3% of all deaths, DoH (2003). Therefore the economic burden of HAI to the hospital sector was substantial, with the annual cost to the NHS estimated to be £186 million in Scotland (Walker, 2001) and in excess of £1 billion in England and Wales Plowman et al, (1999). MRSA has been is identified by (Boyce et al, 2005) as the major cause of hospital associated infections, causing skin and soft tissue infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections, and bone and joint infections in both children and adults. The Health protection Agency verify that once acquired, MRSA has the potential to cause multiple infections, for cardiac surgery patients, sternal wound infection can lead to mediastinitis, infection of the heart valves or endocarditis. The lethal MRSA strain known as USA600 which causes bloodstream infections has been known to be five times more lethal than any other strains. Research conducted by Henry Ford Hospital study claims that this strain has some resistance to the potent antibiotic drug vancomycin used to treat MRSA, and its unique characteristics have been linked to high mortality rate. However, Chastre and Trouillet, (1995) argues that all MRSA strains have significant mortality risk, with this strain it is unclear whether other factors such as older age, diseases or the spread of infection contributed to poor outcomes. The latter adds that MRSA colonisation and infection is now considered endemic within hospitals in the UK, with critical care and regional units being recognized as high-risk areas. (Coello et al, 1997) is in agreement stating that intensive care patients are known to have a higher risk of developing MRSA infection than medical patients. This could be due to their association with the frequent use of broad-spectrum antibiotics or the increased transmission risk because of frequent contact with many personnel (Haley et al, 2002). Risk factors include: previous hospitalization; underlying disease, surgical wounds; intravascular lines; recent antibiotics (leading to potential suppression of the immune system); and pressure ulcers (Ayliffe et al,1998). Managing these patients proves to be very difficult and costly due to problems associated with treating systemic MRSA infections, its propensity to spread and colonize debilitated patients, and its asymptomatic carriage in the nose and throats of staff and patients, (Ayliffe et al, 1998). Treating systemic MRSA infection needs extensive antibiotic therapy; the need for the patient to be nursed in isolation; an extended length of stay and a severely unwell patient who is then further compromised. The risk of death in patients with RSA is three times greater than other hospital-acquired infections (Romero-Vivas et al, 1995). As well as increasing morbidity and mortality, MRSA infection is expensive. Costs can be divided into those related directly to the effects of the infection, such as extended length of stay, pharmacological intervention and other aspects of management, and expenses related to the cost of controlling the infection. Then major threat facing the UK health care system is the MRSA transmission in the community among individuals who had not been in hospital previously, or had had any contact with a person who had been in hospital or care homes, previously would have explained how they contracted the bug. With the increase of community acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) this would prove to be a huge problem, because some infected people will inevitable be hospitalised themselves, or visit relatives and friends who are in hospitals. Therefore an increment in outbreaks of new types of MRSA strain, (Boyce et al, 2007). Barr et al (2007) claims that the community strains are different from the hospital strains, he believes that the community strains have evolved independently and so they present a whole new series of problems for control and treatment. The aim of this write up is to discuss MRSA screening; how screening patients can prevent the spread of MRSA; the prevalence and incidence of MRSA in the UK, a critical epidemiology of MRSA will be discussed with the inclusion of ethical implications on screening. Epidemiology of MRSA MRSA is an epidemiological problem, which can have its source in the community and health care settings, the epidemiology, of MRSA in relation to agent, host, environment, web of causation and its natural history. The National Audit Office 2004 report shows that figures collected from the DoH’s own mandatory reporting system had indicated 8% increase in MRSA incidences between 2000-2004. The 2004 report figures almost reaching 20.000 infected patients. Therefore this made the rate of infection in England the worst amongst Europe, (Cuevas et al 2004). However other sources quoted the UK infection rate as being 30,000 hospital acquired infection per year, (Morton et al 2003), which they quote as infection representative of a 9
The Evaluation Organisations Business Strategies Marketing Essay
Introduction In this document, there will be three e-commerce organisations that sell much different kind of product or services. The three e-commerce organisation will be two “click and mortar” organisations which are Popular Bookstore and WHSmith Bookstore and the other is “dot com” organisation which is Amazon.com This document will evaluate and justify the business strategy of each e-commerce organisation using porter 5 forces environmental analysis technique and unique selling proposition capability analysis technique. After that, use a form to record evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the service of each site. Some of the image screen shot will be put in the appendix of this document. Besides that after evaluation, compare and analyse the results from evaluations, and then make recommendations on how to improve their e-commerce business. Description of e-commerce organisation The growth of Internet technology is becoming more important in foundation of business models, business process and new ways of distributing knowledge. Companies are relying on internet and networking technology to make their work more efficient. They sell their product and service in the website is to attract more customers to know more about their company. The purpose of having e-commerce website is to make customer convenient and easy to use internet everywhere to order their product they like. In this section is describing the three organisation which sell similar types of product which is Book. The three organisations are Popular Bookstore (www.popular.com.sg), WHSmith (www.whsmith.co.uk) and Amazon (www.amazon.com). Popular Bookstore Popular Bookstore was set up by late Chou Sing Chu in 1936, engaged in the distribution and publishing of Chinese books. He was focusing on retailing Chinese books and stationery. Currently it operations have over 90 Popular Bookstores and 360 Popular bookstores. Now, they have its core businesses in retail, distribution, publishing, and e-learning. Currently has many outlets located nationwide such as Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and mainland China and Canada. This Bookstore was a private incorporate company under the name of Popular Holdings Pte Ltd. Popular Bookstore was listed on the main board of the Singapore Exchange and change name to Popular Holding Limited. It is the retail and distribution bookstore chain in Singapore. Popular sells type categories of books such as fiction, non-fiction and educational books. It also offers others items which can refer to Figure 5 in the appendix. Popular Bookstore is click and mortal organization. Customer can order book and purchase through website or they can come directly to our bookstore. Popular Bookstore has its financial record. Financial Statement for Popular Bookstore will be shown Figure 1 in the appendix. WHSmith WHSmith began bookstall business in 1792 in London by Henry Walton Smith and his wife Anna. After they died in 1816, their youngest son which called “William Henry” took over this bookstall business. The companies become known as WHSmith, opens its first railway bookstall London in 1848. WH Smith has a history of innovation and creativity. Now, WHSmith is one of the largest retailers shop in UK. It has over 500 high street stores and over 120 stores at airports, train and service areas. The shop is selling book, magazine, stationery, and entertainment products. WHSmith introduced e-commerce because it helped to increase their daily business, enhancing their services in some of operational areas. WHSmith is also ‘Click and Mortar’s organization. Customer can shop online or come to WHSmith bookstore. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange. WHSmith has its financial record. The record of their income statement will be shown Figure 2 in the appendix. Amazon.com Amazon.com was founded by Jeffrey P. Bezos in 1994 and launched it online in 1995. It is the world largest leader in e-commerce and was one of the first big companies to sell good such as book, music’s, kindle store etc over the Internet. Amazon has greatest contribution to the good of society comes directly from core business activities in the world. Amazon.com is dot com organization. Customer can sell and buy a lot of product at Amazon website. It has established their websites in Canada, China, France, Germany, Japan, and United Kingdom. In addition, Amazon.com maintains a worldwide network fulfilment and customer service centres around the world are to facilitate their services more conveniently, more choices types of products, more efficient and at even lower prices for customer. Moreover, Amazon.com is also listed in Stock Market. Figure 3 in the appendix is financial statement for Amazon. Evaluation Organisations Business Strategies This section of the report will be using one capabilities analysis and one environmental analysis for each of the bookshop. Capabilities analysis for this section will be used Unique Selling Proposition (USP) in each bookshop. This analysis technique is to define and identify what make the three organizations different from their competitors. This is to boost the organization sales and profit by obtaining their position in the market. Environmental analysis will be used Porter 5 forces technique in this section. This analysis is to focus on business strategy development in the industry and identify the balance power in a business situation. The Porter 5 Forces model analysis technique is created by Michael E. Porter’s in 1980. It is an effective and useful tools for the organization to improve their business strategy. Popular Bookstore Capabilities Analysis The capabilities analysis will be used for Popular bookstore is using unique selling proposition (USP) analysis technique. Unique selling proposition analysis technique for Popular is famous bookstore in Singapore. This bookstore has its own unique product which compare to the other organization in the market. This organization is very famous bookstore in Singapore. They are the only one sell a lot of Chinese book in the Singapore and also sell educational book such as previous exam paper for students and teachers. They also make fast and extensive into the greater china market in china and Taiwan. Furthermore, Popular created and produced their own brand of products, please see (Figure 4) to support customer needs especially for students and office needs, whereas their competitors does not have its own quality brand of products. They provide other services such as offer amazing deal if customer becomes member of popular bookstore. Popular will give customer to use their membership card to enjoy 10% at Popular and few selected stores. In addition, they give special discount and privileged from their full list of popular connection merchant to enjoy customer lifestyle such as health
make two separate list of 12 points where you tell what each formatting style is and what entails
make two separate list of 12 points where you tell what each formatting style is and what entails. Can you help me understand this English question?
Assignment 2: MLA (Modern Language Association) and APA (American Psychological Association) documentation style
Both the MLA (Modern Language Association) and APA (American Psychological Association) provide writers with a documentation style and formatting for everything from setting up papers to citing sources. MLA is used for English, and APA is used for about 80% of the other disciplines. For ENG102, you may use either MLA or APA; however, you must select one style to use in each assignment and be consistent in using that style.
Assignment: View the URLs below to read, watch, and learn about MLA and APA. Make two separate lists of 12 points each where you tell someone (me) what each formatting style is and what it entails.
For example: MLA calls for 1) No cover page, 2) double spacing …. APA calls for 1) a Running Head on each page, 2) an Abstract ….
(OWL) Online Writing Lab – Purdue University: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html(Links to an external site
MLA Style and Formatting: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_formatting_and_style_guide.html (Links to an external site.)
MLA (Example Paper): file:///C:/Users/Lpope/AppData/Local/Temp/20190822MLASamplePaper.pdf
APA Style and Formatting: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html (Links to an external site.)
APA (Example Paper): file:///C:/Users/Lpope/AppData/Local/Temp/20200121APA6SamplePaper.pdf
make two separate list of 12 points where you tell what each formatting style is and what entails