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American InterContinental University Recycling and Waste Management Questions

American InterContinental University Recycling and Waste Management Questions.

In your own words, answer this unit’s discussion questions in a main post (recommended minimum 200 words), and respond to at least 2 peers’ postings (recommended minimum 75 words).After you have reviewed the Assignment Details below, click the Discussion Board link under the My Work heading above to open the Discussion Board and make your post.
Review this tutorial on How to Post to the Discussion Board.Assignment Details Recycling Recycling can have a great, positive impact on the environment by reducing deforestation, emissions from power and processing plants, and pollutants released into the environment. Consider an aluminum can. To make this from scratch, the bauxite ore must be mined, cleaned, ground into a powder, treated to get alumina, and then refined and heated to get liquid aluminum. The liquid is poured into molds to make ingots. These are then rolled into sheets and stamped to make cans. By recycling cans, all of those steps from mining to alumina can be skipped, all of that energy saved, and all of those environmental impacts from caustic red mud wastes from mining and the toxic fluorides and volatile hydrocarbons emitted during processing are avoided. Trash in the environment can release toxic compounds. For example, plastics release PBT (persistent, bio-accumulative, and toxic) substances and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) when they become weathered and degrade under environmental conditions. Plastics break down into microfilaments that get ingested by wildlife. The oceans are filled with plastics swirled into large patches—some big enough to form islands that you could walk on!Recycling is a great way to reduce energy use, increase sustainable resource use, and reduce pollution. Consider this though: there are no federal laws mandating recycling! Recycling is regulated at the state level. Choose ONE of the following topics, and answer the questions posed:
State Laws for Recycling and Waste ManagementStart here to check your state for recycling laws.

Does your state have recycling laws? If yes, what are they? If no, explain why you think it should or should not.
What do you recycle?
Could you recycle more?
What do you think of cities or states that mandate recycling?
Plastics and PollutionHere is a short video that explains garbage patches in the ocean.

Find 1 thing that is banned from landfills in your state. Can you find or explain why it is banned? If it is a pollutant or health hazard, then why aren’t plastics banned as well?
What do you think of cities and states that have banned plastic grocery bags?
How effective are bottle bills at reducing plastic waste? Do you turn in bottles for nickels or dimes? If not, would you, if your state had a bottle bill?
Read through this list of 7 Ways To Reduce Ocean Plastic Pollution Today. Is there one of these ways in which you could help reduce plastics in the ocean? Explain. In your own words, post a response to the Discussion Board, and comment on at least 2 other postings. You will be graded on both level of engagement and the quality of the contribution to the discussion.

American InterContinental University Recycling and Waste Management Questions

Impact of Human Activity on Migratory Activity. Bird migration and the impact of human activity on migratory activity Migration is the movement made by animals between two separate locations on a regular basis for the purpose of accessing resources provided by these different sites (Alcock, 2013). [2]Migration is a common process throughout the entire animal kingdom. For example, there is the migration of the Monarch butterfly[3] across North America (Brown and Chippendale, 1974), the Atlantic salmons journey from river to ocean (Hansen, 1993), the marine turtles epic movement from feeding ground to breeding ground (Morreale et al., 1996) and finally there is our own species[4] migration across national and international borders. The focus of this discussion[5] however is the migration of Birds; most specifically looking at how, why and when they migrate and focusing on what exactly our impact as humans has on this very important phenomenon in the life cycle of many bird species. Defining how migration first occurred involves looking back over the history of migratory species and finding an evolutionary origin to the migratory lifestyle. In actual fact migration has evolved on several different occasions within the class Aves as shown in figure 1 which looks at the separate origins of migration within the family Turdidae[6]. The multiple evolutionary origins of migration suggest that there are numerous reasons as to why adopting a lifestyle that involves moving between different areas is advantageous to a species (Outlaw et al., 2003). With any adaptation, there must be a selection pressure forcing a species to develop a new strategy to be successful (Williams, 2008). In the case of bird migration, the seasonal variability of primary resources is a major driving factor for migrating but the changing climate conditions throughout the year is also one of the main benefits of being able to migrate [7](Alerstam, 2003). Birds can be long distance migrators, such as the Sooty shearwater, a sea bird that migrates approximately 64,000 km in 260 days with an daily travel distance of 900km (Schaffer et al., 2006). This heroic migration between North America and New Zealand is one of the largest migrations by a bird. In contrast the Spotted Owls of the Sierra Nevada have been observed to be altitude migrators, of short distance migrators, as they have a wintering site which is between 0.6-1.0 km closer to sea level than their usual nesting ground (Bias and Gutierrez, 1992). The comparisons between the journeys made by these two birds shows how two different environmental pressures can lead to the same solution. The long distance migrators[8] were driven to travel across continents due to the need to find a sustainable food source in changing seasonal conditions while the altitudinal migrators are driven to move based on climatic conditions[9] (Jenni and Kery, 2003). If migrating offers species a richer supply of resources and a more favourable environment to survive in then why do only some species of birds migrate? As with many things in the natural world migration has its costs as well as its benefits, the costs and risks associated with migration are so high that not every species is adapted, nor needs to undertake the challenges migration creates. In order to travel such distances individuals need to be able to store resources by carrying extra weight leading up to the migration. This store must then be accessed during the flight meaning the individual must be able to alter their metabolism to store and release fats efficiently [10](Jenni and Jenni-Eiermann, 1998). Finally the risk of death during this journey is high as there many factors at play in the success of making the trip. The final aspect of migration is how species successfully manage to navigate from one location to another regardless of distance. There are three means of orientating observed in birds and they are pilotage, compass orientation and true navigation (Alcock, 2013). Pilotage is common in species such as homing pigeons where landmarks are used as navigational cues (Mehlhorn and Rehkämper, 2009). These landmarks could be environmental, such as rivers or forests but can also be artificial, in particular tall buildings and major roads. Migrating from one location to another without the use of cues requires a species to have a compass orientation and understanding of which direction it needs to travel to reach the location. An experiment done on the migratory European Robin showed that they can orientate using geomagnetic cues through a sense that is localised to the right eye (Wiltschko et al., 2002). True navigation is when a species has the ability to navigate towards the home location without any navigational cues and regardless of the direction (McFarland, 1999). [11]Having summarised the integral mechanisms behind migration I will now spend the remainder of this discussion focusing on what our impact as humans is on the migration of birds. Human interference on the animals we share the earth with is becoming an increasingly more serious problem. The effect we have on terrestrial migratory species may seem obvious as land use expands into new, wild territories but our effect on birds as they migrate through the power of flight is somewhat more complex. There are many factors that contribute to how we disrupt the migratory routes, territories and even the birds themselves. In parts of southern Europe and Northern Africa the illegal[12] shooting and netting of birds has become an increasingly popular industry. In Egypt 700km of nets are put up along the coastline designed to trap thousands of migrating passerine birds such as willow-warblers, red-backed shrikes and barn swallows all of which are illegal to catch under the national law (Salama, 2016). Recently there has been a strong push for the local authorities within Egypt to enforce the regulations that are in place as these nets are positioned to intersect with one of the major migratory flyways from Africa to Eurasia as shown in Figure 2 where the area in question is within region 2. This area is not only targeted by nets in North Africa but many southern European countries such as France and Spain also engage in similar practices involving illegal netting. In Italy, particularly in the Sicily region, shooting of birds is a common sport when migrators are making their journey to warmer climates in Africa. Unlike the mist netting practices, game hunting is legal to permit holders and the Italian authorities allow the 710,000 hunters to shoot 30 birds a day over a 2 month period (CABS, 2015). A case against illegal hunting of birds has recently reached EU law regarding the trapping and commercial caging of birds in Malta. Many of the birds targeted are rare or protected species such as the endangered Pallid Harrier, the Purple heron and the Turtle dove (Raine et al., 2015). While the fight against illegal hunting and shooting of these birds is ongoing, the effects of these activities in undoubtedly having a negative impact on their success. Migrating to breeding grounds that are better equipped with resources and protection should be an adaptation for success in these species. Instead they are being illegally hunted, trapped and shot while en route over this area resulting in a much lower number of birds successfully reaching breeding sites. Undoubtedly this seriously damages population size [13]of these European migrators and puts increasing strain on the challenging journey they make twice every year (Hirschfeld and Heyd, 2005). This particular study by Hirschfeld and Heyd (2005) reports that hunters are legally allowed to kill just 24 species of European native birds however a total of 82 different species were recorded to have been hunted that year. Despite the obvious illegal activity being done there is still a relaxed enforcement of these regulations across Europe and North Africa and widespread disagreement around how to resolve the problems we, as humans, are causing. The current population of humans on earth is 7.5 billion with an annual growth so far, from January – March 2017 is nearly 17 million (World population clock, 2017). As the global populations increase so to do food demands and a pressure to convert unused land into cropland or an expansion of existing urban regions. This unfortunately leads to widespread deforestation as the need for space increases on a daily basis (Lambin and Meyfroidt, 2011). Deforestation is threatening the ecosystem in which many migratory birds depend on. The cloud forest in Central America is under threat due to increases in forest conversion[14]. Many of the birds species in this region are altitudinal migrators and rely on the cloud forest for breeding (Cox, 2010)[15]. That is a very localised example of how deforestation is impacting migration but on a much wider scale the destruction of tropical and deciduous forests has a huge impact on birds migrating between the two tropics. The American Redstart, a small passerine bird, winters in the Caribbean, South America and Central America before migrating north to North America, and Canada to breed (SherryImpact of Human Activity on Migratory Activity
Investigating an individual research project involving contemporary art..

Requirement:Research Project Over the course of the semester you will be investigating an individual research project involving contemporary art. This project should answer a particular research question and not merely be a biography of a selected artist or overview of a theme. The final paper should be eight pages (double- spaced, 12pt font, 1″ margins) and make use of primary and secondary sources. The assignment will be broken into a research proposal, annotated bibliography, outline and draft, mini-presentation, and final version.Resources:……And PDFNote: Could you please give me a proposal about this essay before tmr noon. This proposal just include several sentences. Thank you!!
Investigating an individual research project involving contemporary art.

Market Research for Walkers Shortbreads. Consumer trends in the biscuits and cakes segment in Scotland is changing towards healthy eating and diet. This is against the rich Scottish food and drink tradition that characterises Walkers Shortbreads. To launch its new product, shortbreads with whisky and liquor flavours, the company needs to gauge the perceptions and attitudes of its existing and potential consumers. A combination of exploratory and descriptive research study has been proposed to pre-test the market, in particular the Glasgow market, as this is the location of initial launch for shortbreads with whisky and liquor flavour. The research has been designed as a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis of Walkers Shortbreads’ consumers and their attitudes towards SWL product range. Scope of Research In our contemporary business environment today, the consumer is king, and market research is a valuable means for determining whether our marketing strategies are focussed on the right track, or not (Hague 2002). Congruent with this ideology, the researcher proposes Walkers Shortbreads to carry out a market research of their prospective consumers with the view to identify the potential consumers’ perceptions and attitudes towards shortbreads with whisky and liquor flavours (from here on SWL). In doing so, the company would be able to resolve the problem whether it has a niche in the Glasgow market for launching SWL, or not. Also, with the research results, Walkers Shortbread would be able to decide whether to launch this new product full-scale to other regions, or not. This market research has been designed to aid the executives and marketing department in developing their promotional strategies by optimising on the information therein. Problem Definition Walkers Shortbread has been a symbol of tradition and Scottish history, especially in the region of Speyside, since 1898. To date, it has been the trusted brand for shortbreads over 60 countries, with the reputation of always following the Scottish tradition of shortbread-making. However, within our contemporary business environment today, consumers are being bombarded with new confectionary and sweet offerings from supermarkets, importers and local competitors; it is difficult to introduce even a relatively new product. Any product endeavouring to enter into this category requires careful evaluation of the consumer market, which is currently undergoing dramatic change (“What, no shortbread?” 2003). Walkers Shortbreads have been considered to be a traditional product for its consumers in the past but with this new product SWL, the company needs to re-evaluate its position among consumers as well as competitors. The following research is expected to reveal the perceptions and attitudes of existing and potential consumers towards this new strategy. The company is at a junction at the moment, whether to launch its new product SWL in the Glasgow market, or not. The results of this study hope to shed light in this direction and help Walkers Shortbreads to establish a niche in the market. Research Objectives The purpose of a marketing research study is to acquire information about the consumers, their attitudes, behaviours and perceptions, which are needed for decision-making by executives and the marketing team (Hamersveld 2007). The following research has similar objectives – to resolve the problem of consumers’ receptiveness towards Walkers Shortbreads’ new product, SWL: i. To create awareness of Walkers Shortbreads’ new product. ii. To study the receptiveness of existing and potential consumers for SWL for the company to launch it. iii. To establish that there is a ready niche market for SWL in Glasgow to further its launch in other regions and branches of Walkers Shortbreads. iii. To confirm Walkers Shortbreads’ position in the current confectionary and sweets consumer market as a name of trust and tradition. Research Design Glasgow is not a new market for Walkers Shortbreads (Official Website 2010). Nevertheless, it is a commercial hub of Scotland which has a lot of competition and potential. However, there is the problem of consumers with changing lifestyle. In the recent years, the government has been endeavouring onto a campaign for healthy living for the Scottish people. This clashes with the traditional Scottish style of living – encompassing rich food and drink – which incidentally is also our company’s philosophy of upholding traditional shortbreads recipes (“What, no shortbread?” 2003). On top of that, the global financial crisis has also impacted on the confectionary and sweets industry. This has put many companies on the alert as to how to treat this setback to the industry, including Walkers Shortbreads. However, some experts are of the view that the consumer market is reacting against the market for healthy living and going back to the traditions. This would prove to be a positive prospect for Walkers Shortbreads and its aim to introduce SWL (“It’s crunch time…” 2010). These conflicting market trends make difficult for the company to decide on its market. For this reason, the researcher has designed the following study as an exploratory investigation, and later follows it up with a descriptive study of Walkers Shortbreads’ market. An exploratory research, according to Kurtz (2009), “seeks to discover the cause of a specific problem by discussing the problem with informed sources both within and outside the firm and by examining data from other information sources” (p.252). An exploratory study opens dialogues between the company and its customers, as well as provides framework for analysis. By combining both internal and external investigations, the researcher is more equipped to develop questionnaires that would acquire the relevant information without redundancies (Kurz 2009). Alternatively, a descriptive research is for “describing marketing problems, situations, or markets, such as the market potential for a product or the demographics and attitudes of consumers” (Kotler 1983, p.95). According to Kotler (1983), research often starts with exploration and then later is followed by descriptive research (Kotler 1983). This is the strategy that the researcher plans to follow. Target Respondents and Sample Initial research indicates that the Scottish consumers are undergoing a change of lifestyle for a more health-conscious living induced by the government’s campaign for a healthier Scotland. According to a Scottish Health Survey (2003), the number of obese individuals has increased since 1998, with the average person consuming 577 grams of sugar and sweet products (Defra Family Food 2007). Moreover, by comparison with England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland have the least healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. At the same time, the Scottish population is undergoing a taste change. They are exploring new tastes, especially the young people, who are making it difficult for businesses to leverage their products. Consumers are more knowledgeable today and aware of quality products; they are health-conscious and developing awareness of carbon footprints (“Tasty morsels” 2008). This is a potential population which Walkers Shortbreads can exploit for developing a consumer base. For this purpose, the researcher has chosen 12 individuals to participate in the survey. They will prove to be valuable as new consumers as they will taste Walkers Shortbreads for the first time. Yet, at the same time, critics like Zuccardy (2006) believe that fancy foods like shortbreads are becoming the fashion as people prize them as artisan and are willing to pay extra for their consumption. For this reason, the researcher believes there is potential for our product in this mature consumer population. Therefore, it is expected that a small sampling of this population would contribute positively to the research. A group of 12 individuals are chosen at random from various locations of Glasgow to reflect this group of consumers. Apart from the above criteria, the researcher has also chosen the participants to be among the age groups of above 20 and below 60. The latter population tend to have less inclination towards liquor, while the former is just above the legal age. Secondary Data Sources Consumer research is dynamic and requires constant analysis of changes that take place in the environment. While a field research is critical for taking a sample of the variables, it is the theoretical foundations that explain why consumers behave in a particular manner or respond to the survey conducted the way they do. Subjectivism, as Hogg and Maclaran (2008) indicate, provides meaning to the interplay between the subject and object in the research process. For this reason, today consumer behaviour study has to draw conclusions based on judgement of empirical data, as well as establish the trustworthiness of the data through the soundness of interpretation of secondary resources (Golden-Biddle and Locke 1993). For this study, secondary data sources such as magazines, newspapers, the Internet, and expert opinions in articles shall be used to develop a sound foundation for interpretation of the data acquired through the primary sources. In particular journal articles and trade journals, the researcher is convinced, shall have information for verifying and interpreting the attitudes of our target consumers for developing an epistemological framework necessary for decision-making by the management. Moreover, the use of secondary sources shall help in establishing the authenticity, plausibility and criticality of the insights acquired during the research process. It helps identify and reflect on existing differences of attitudes and perceptions to conceive new solution possibilities. By understanding the consumer behaviour in the buying process, we can determine what the consumer actually needs and use the information to develop our product offering through motivation, aspiration, needs etc. (Hollywood, Armstrong and Durkin 2007). Primary Data Sources For qualitative analysis based on evidence, comments, and ideas of participants, secondary sources provide the framework for analysis, while primary data is required for gathering factual evidence for interpretation. Some of the data-collection techniques for primary data include focus groups, non-random in-depth interviews, and public meetings. Focus groups often involve the participation of individuals with expertise on the subject of customers and the market under study, while the non-random interviews comprise of choosing participants at ad hoc basis for exploration of ideas. Public meetings are observations of public attitudes or patterns at public meetings or through questionnaires (Jakubiak, Mudge and Hurd 1990). In studying the attitudes and perceptions of Walkers Shortbreads’ consumers or potential consumers, public meetings are a good choice for gathering primary information, as they are hoped to provide information on receptiveness of the product. However, this technique is limited and requires supporting quantitative data collection for analysis. Quantitative data collection methods include collecting response from a small sampling of the population with limited margin of error in calculating results; inclusion of only relevant population group for study, personal interviews, telephonic, mail or random surveys (Jakubiak, Mudge and Hurd 1990). Among these, a small sampling of the population of shortbread consumers, as well as non-consumers of shortbreads, shall be included so that the study can comprehensively explore the potential of SWL. The rationale is that this type of sampling involves low cost as it shall be carried out through sampling of the product and noting responses to the product on paper at a public meeting. But since it shall comprise of a small population, it would not be extensive to carry the burden of cost. Moreover, at a minimal cost Walkers Shortbreads shall be “meeting” with the public and re-establishing its relationship with existing customers, while new customers will have the opportunity to experience the company firsthand. The results generated shall be tabulated through computer software for analysis immediately by the research team (“The Six Steps in Marketing Research” 2010). Sample Questionnaire for Survey Thank you for taking the time to attend this meeting, and filling the survey below. The purpose of gathering you today is to ensure that Walkers Shortbreads continue to serve you by providing high-quality biscuits, cakes and shortbreads of traditional recipes, today and in the future. Your valuable support in the past has inspired Walkers Shortbreads to go the extra mile by innovating and creating new recipes to serve you even better. In continuance with this tradition, we have developed a new product with whisky and liquor flavour, and hope you would like it among our other range of biscuits and cakes. In completing the following survey, you will be able to discretely let us know of your opinion. Name (Optional): Gender: Age: 1. Are you an existing customer of Walkers Shortbreads? Yes/No 2. On a scale of 1 to 5, where would you rate your satisfaction of our products? If you are not our existing customer, you can sample our range of products offered by our representatives now free of charge, and respond accordingly. 1 2 3 4 5 3. What specifically satisfies/does not satisfies you? Open-ended response 4. Would you be tempted by shortbreads with whisky or liquor flavour? Yes/No 5. How would you rate our new shortbread range with whisky and liquor? 1 2 3 4 5 6. How would you describe the taste? Open-ended response 7. Will you purchase this product if it is offered in the market? Yes/No 8. If yes, what kind of price range do you think would best suit you? £3 £5 £7 £9 £10 9. For what occasions would you purchase this range of product? Open-ended response 10. If not, what would you recommend? List as many recommendations as you like. Open-ended response Thank you for your time and participation in this survey (Adapted from “The Six Steps in Marketing Research” 2010). Conclusion The above research has been recommended with the view to provide the company with an understanding of its consumers, existing or potential ones. The purpose is to create awareness of Walkers Shortbreads’ new range, as well as re-evaluate consumer awareness of its other ranges of products. The research has been designed to measure the receptiveness of the consumers of the SWL brand, and to test whether the company has a niche position in the market of biscuits and cakes. The research has been designed as a pre-test for uncovering any problems that Walkers Shortbreads is expected to face in the future. A pre-test is important for acknowledging the practicality of problems or issues, or resistance to products or services that we offer to the consumers before the product is fully launched throughout the country and the world (Diamantopoulos and Reynolds 1998). This assumption is congruent with the company’s initial test plan of launching SWL only in Glasgow and not other markets. Moreover, this initial market research is a litmus test for Walkers Shortbreads’ understanding of its consumers’ attitudes and perceptions of the company’s range of products, so that it would be able to improve upon it; if need be, to increase customer-satisfaction level in the future. Market Research for Walkers Shortbreads

Liberty University W5 Communication Strategy and Gospel Discussion

Liberty University W5 Communication Strategy and Gospel Discussion.

Gospel Communication Project Part 2 Instructions The Gospel Communication Project allows students to apply the principles of Cultural Intelligence to a specific cross-cultural evangelistic encounter. In this 3-part project, students will research cultural elements which will affect a person’s understanding of the gospel message, create a strategy for communicating effectively with a person from a specific culture, and present the story of God through video.Part 2: Communication Strategy and Gospel Story Outline (Module/ Week 5).This paper is the second section of an ongoing project throughout this course. In this paper, you will continue to explore your friend’s culture and build on what you learned in Part 1 of the project. Then, you will synthesize them to come up with a strategy for sharing the story of God with your friend. Finally, you will outline your Gospel Presentation. You will write a formal academic paper. Your paper should be neatly formatted and organized, and it should include a cover page, page numbers, footnote citations, proper headings and subheadings, and a bibliography. It should be double spaced and in Times New Roman, 12- pt font. Part 2, Section 1: Elements of CommunicationDiscuss at least 3 elements of verbal and non-verbal communication which are prevalent in your friend’s culture. (Think about the verbal and non-verbal communication strategies presented in Chapter 7 of Leading with Cultural Intelligence.) You should include at least 1 verbal element and 1 non-verbal element. The 3rd element can be either verbal or non-verbal. How do you see these elements of communication in your friend’s culture? How do these elements of communication affect the way your friend sends and receives messages? Support your statements with at least 1 outside source other than an interview with your friend or the course textbook.Part 2, Section 2: Strategy for Communication In this section, you will create a plan to communicate effectively to your friend. Answer the following questions in a couple of paragraphs. (Questions in parenthesis are suggestions to help guide your thoughts).Discuss how you will use your knowledge of these cultural value orientations, cultural systems, and elements of communication to share the gospel effectively with your friend. (Which of their cultural value orientations should you keep in mind as you try to communicate with them? How will you adjust your communication, your approach to the conversation, and your language in order to best communicate the gospel message?)Discuss how you will craft your story to meet your friend where they are. (Are there any themes you may use to focus your presentation which would most speak to your friend according to their culture and worldview? What part of the story do you think they will relate to most based on what you know about their cultural systems and cultural value orientations?) Part 2, Section 3: Outline of God’s StoryPrepare to share the Gospel by outlining the Story of God you would share. As we have discussed the Grand Narrative of scripture, we have covered many different topics and stories from the Bible, but there are some key elements which must be included in your story. Essential Elements:1.Creation2.Fall-Sin3.Promise-Covenant4.Prophecies5.Virgin Birth6.Incarnation7.Deity (fully man–fully God)8.Jesus’ life (person and works)9.Jesus’ Death10.Resurrection11.Ascension12.Return13.Reconciliation14.KingshipThis section should be a bulleted list of each of the elements above. For each element, you should write 2-4 sentences summarizing the element and describing how you would present that part of the story to your friend. You should also list scripture references for each element that you present. While you do not need to recite the scripture as you tell the story, we want to see that you know where in the Bible to point someone to if the opportunity were to arise. In your outline, you should list enough content to show that you know what each element is about, how it connects to the bigger picture of the grand narrative, and the best way to share the story. GLST220 Based off of part 1 Gospel Communication part Liberty GLST 220 Cultural ProfileCulture diversity is brought about by a natural grouping of people who have common characteristic. Both culture and cultural grouping are fundamental in understanding the beliefs, thoughts, and behaviors of people. The person I chose is from a Southern culture, she is an unbeliever, and an African descent. This region is known for its milder weather and humid climate. The culture of agriculture in this region was defined in the 18th and 19th centuries, characterized by white-owned and black slaves operated sugar, cotton, and tobacco plantations. Since the 19th century, religious life in this region is dominated by evangelical Protestants groups. They have significantly influenced the theology ritual and social attitude of the Southerners, thus the region was referred to as the Bible belt. The religious culture dates back to the Civil war, whereby the majority of Southerners affiliated to Baptist or Methodist faith. They became vocal defenders of slavery. Ministers contended that God had chosen Africans for bondage. They also told the believers that God controlled the way of the bullets, and the faithful are protected, in a hail of rifle fire. Some whites and blacks forged towards a biracial connection, which led to the proliferation of biracial congregations. This did not turn out well because slaves received Christian instructions from the white preachers and ministers, with the anti-literacy law ensuring that most slaves could not read the bible in its entirety.The southern way of religion was decidedly moralistic, with individual moral failings being put into focus more than the social evils. This explains the personalistic nature of the folk culture of the region. Women, in this case, were put more in the limelight of morality than the men with purveyance of religious values being their socially accepted role. The region is widely typified by racism, poverty, and ignorance. Cultural backgroundMarcella is a 36years old lady of African American descent. She is a single mother of a 10 years old boy. Her ethnicity dates back from her great grandparents, who worked as slaves in the white-owned tobacco plantations. She currently works in an art gallery, and English is her primary language. She is very friendly. Marcella is very passionate about her culture, which has had a great influence on the way she interacts with people. Being of African American descent, she feels a great desire to visit her ancestral Continent Africa. She strongly holds the mentality that African- Americans are held back in their economic and cultural development by the slavery that they were subjected to, and they face racial discrimination.Some cultural practices are deeply ingrained in her and her family, which gives her a great desire to maintain her tradition in terms of art, literature, religion, cuisine, and more. She also believes and practices elaborate rituals and ceremonies, such as the rite of passage linked to African traditions, since she believes that spirits dwell in the surrounding nature. Since she was a young girl, she had a great interest in God, and her faith was built on the idea that all people are equal in God’s eyes. As she grew older and learned more about African American history, she started doubting the doctrine of obedience taught by the white ministers. Today, messages of hope and equality sound more realistic to her, making her faith more skewed to these two elements rather than the story of God relating to heaven and hell.Cultural SystemsMarriage and Family SystemsThe structures of most societies have their foundation on marriage and family. Historically, marriage and the permanence of a union between a man and a woman are what create a family, with kingship and nuclear family being the most described systems. A kingship family identifies generations spanning 3 and above generations, unlike the nuclear family that is based on two generations related by marriage (Livermore, 2015). The introductions in the kingship systems are embedded about older relatives, which come with an obligation to the family, unlike in the nuclear set up where conversations are considered personal (Livermore, 2015). Marcella is more inclined to the kingship values than the nuclear values. The Kingship value makes her want to stay closer to his family, which creates a sense of unity and togetherness and always having a shoulder to lean on, which is long term. Being a single mother has made raising her son easier. She believes a family does not have to be a union among husband, wife, and children, even though that is what is traditionally acceptable by the cultures. Religious systemsThese systems offer answers to different societies on things that are beyond human understanding based on their supernatural and religious beliefs. The difference within most cultures on how the questions are answered is deeply rooted to the extent they take a rational or mystical look on life. The rational approach emphasizes finding a reason-based scientific answer to the supernatural, focusing on individual responsibility and work ethics. Mystical approach, on the other hand, attaches its confidence to supernatural power, whether good or evil, that controls the day to day life events (Livermore, 2015). She believes in a supernatural power hovering over her every day, which gives an assurance of her life and family’s well-being. The supernatural power makes her spiritual but not religious. She believes that she does not need any scientific explanation (rational) of situations to believe in God and His deeds. It more on the little things that she experiences every day that makes her believe of a deity. Her faith is so much inclined on her traditions and culture that has been passed through generations. It would be a challenge to make her see God in a more rational mannerEducational systemsDifferent cultures attach value to education based on how senior members pass their values and behaviors to their offspring. Even with rigorous formal education, informal education is valued. That is how the young ones socialize. The formal education emphasizes schools, and professionally trained teachers, unlike informal, that focus on wisdom passed to youth from the society to the children (Livermore, 2015). Marcella lives with her extended family that includes her parents, grandparents, uncles, aunts and siblings. She gleans a lot of wisdom from her grandparents, which makes her confident in all she does. She believes her seniors have done well in life by listening to their seniors and so she is also obligated to follow her seniors’ ways. Though she has gone through the formal education to tertiary level, she believes the formal education can thrive only when coupled with the informal.Artistic systemsThese systems explain how and why cultures differ within the realm of aesthetics. It is greatly manifested in the artworks, music, dances, architecture, and everyday events. The society aesthetics portrays their solid boundaries, clean, and tight versus fluid indiscriminate lines ones. The fluid ones have little concern in everyday life for sharp boundaries and uniform categories, whereas maintaining boundaries for the solid ones is essential. Marcella is highly influenced by the artistic system, and it has affected how she interacts with people. She uses art to express herself in a different way, which is inspired by her everyday activities without any order or boundaries.Solid versus fluid She is very fluid when it comes to boundaries, as evidenced by the ease with which she managed to go out for dinner with me even though we had only interacted on that day alone. This means that she is very accommodative and open to new knowledge regarding her faith and even a different faith altogether. Her fluid nature helps her find joy and enthusiasm in her work even though she lacks order. She views the world as a free space where everybody should be allowed to express themselves in the best way they know how.References Coslor, E. (2016). Book Review: Artistic Practices: Social Interactions and Cultural Dynamics. CulturalSociology, 10(1),131-132. of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work Call for Papers. (2015), 24(1), 87- 88., David A. (2015) Leading With Cultural Intelligence: the real secret to success. American Management Association. CriteriaLevels of AchievementContent 70%.Advanced 90–100%Proficient 70–89%Developing 1–69%Not presentElements of Communication 9 to 10 pointsExceptionally thorough discussion of at least 3 elements of verbal and non-verbal communication with support from at least 1 outside source7 to 8 pointsMostly thorough discussion of at least 2 elements of verbal and non-verbal communication with support from at least 1 outside source1 to 6 points Discussion of less than 2 elements of verbal and non-verbal communication or discussion needs further development and support from outside sources. 0 pointsNot presentStrategy for Communication 27 to 30 pointsExceptionally thorough discussion of a strategy for communicating which considers everything that has been learned about cultural value orientations and cultural systems. 21 to 26 pointsRelatively thorough discussion of a strategy for communicating which considers everything that has been learned about cultural value orientations and cultural systems.1 to 20 pointsAt least some effort to discuss a strategy for communicating which considers everything that has been learned about cultural value orientations and cultural systems.0 pointsNot presentStory Outline 27 to 30 pointsExceptionally thorough outline of the story, including all fourteen points, a scripture reference for each point, and enough details to show a clear understanding of how that element fits into the larger story. 21 to 26 pointsMostly thorough outline of the story, including at least 10-13 main elements, a scripture reference for each point, and enough details to show a basic understanding of how that element fits into the larger story. 1 to 20 pointsAt least some outline of the story present, but several elements missing, a scripture reference needed for each point, and more details needed for each point to show a basic understanding of how that element fits into the larger story. 0 pointsNot presentStructure 30%. Advanced 90–100%Proficient 70–89%Developing 1–69%Not presentLanguage 13 to 15 pointsVery concise, clear, with consistently proper grammar, spelling, sentence structure and paragraphing.10 to 12 pointsClear, with minimal errors in grammar, spelling, sentence structure and paragraphing.1 to 9 pointsPeriodic errors in grammar, spelling, sentence structure and paragraphing throughout paper.0 pointsNot presentFormatting 13 to 15 pointsPaper is exceptionally neat and well-organized with a title page, citations, reference page, and proper headings.10 to 12 pointsPaper is mostly well organized with title page, citations, reference page, and proper headings.1 to 9 pointsPaper is somewhat organized with title page, citations, reference page, and proper headings.0 pointsNot present
Liberty University W5 Communication Strategy and Gospel Discussion

Week 4 Assignment – Constitutional Law vs. Administrative Law Constitutional law is something you are likely familiar with to

professional essay writers Week 4 Assignment – Constitutional Law vs. Administrative Law Constitutional law is something you are likely familiar with to. Week 4 Assignment – Constitutional Law vs. Administrative Law Constitutional law is something you are likely familiar with to some extent, but the laws around administrative law may be less familiar. While the Constitution outlines many specific laws, it does not necessarily speak to much of what happens in the administration of our government. For this assignment, you are asked to look at where constitutional and administrative law intersect and where they diverge. Write a 3–4 page paper that includes the following three parts: An explanation of the areas in which constitutional and administrative law intersect. An explanation of where constitutional and administrative laws diverge. An evaluation of the impact of the divergence in these laws. What impact does this have for someone working in the field of public administration? Use at least three sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your sources page at least one time within your assignment. For help with research, writing, and citing sources, access the library or review library guides. This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is: Evaluate the concepts of and interactions between constitutional and administrative law in the realm of public administration.Week 4 Assignment – Constitutional Law vs. Administrative Law Constitutional law is something you are likely familiar with to

do a power point with this case study

do a power point with this case study.

You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited, a distributor of earrings to various retail outlets located in shopping malls across the country. In the past, the company has done very little in the way of budgeting and at certain times of the year has experienced a shortage of cash. Since you are well trained in budgeting, you have decided to prepare a master budget for the upcoming second quarter. To this end, you have worked with accounting and other areas to gather the information assembled below.The company sells many styles of earrings, but all are sold for the same price—$13 per pair. Actual sales of earrings for the last three months and budgeted sales for the next six months follow (in pairs of earrings): January (actual)20,600June (budget)50,600February (actual)26,600July (budget)30,600March (actual)40,600August (budget)28,600April (budget)65,600September (budget)25,600May (budget)100,600 The concentration of sales before and during May is due to Mother’s Day. Sufficient inventory should be on hand at the end of each month to supply 40% of the earrings sold in the following month.Suppliers are paid $4.30 for a pair of earrings. One-half of a month’s purchases is paid for in the month of purchase; the other half is paid for in the following month. All sales are on credit. Only 20% of a month’s sales are collected in the month of sale. An additional 70% is collected in the following month, and the remaining 10% is collected in the second month following sale. Bad debts have been negligible.Monthly operating expenses for the company are given below: Variable: Sales commissions 4% of salesFixed: Advertising$230,000 Rent$21,000 Salaries$112,000 Utilities$8,500 Insurance$3,300 Depreciation$17,000 Insurance is paid on an annual basis, in November of each year.The company plans to purchase $17,500 in new equipment during May and $43,000 in new equipment during June; both purchases will be for cash. The company declares dividends of $17,250 each quarter, payable in the first month of the following quarter.The company’s balance sheet as of March 31 is given below: AssetsCash$77,000Accounts receivable ($34,580 February sales; $422,240 March sales) 456,820Inventory 112,832Prepaid insurance 22,500Property and equipment (net) 980,000Total assets$1,649,152Liabilities and Stockholders’ EquityAccounts payable$103,000Dividends payable 17,250Common stock 860,000Retained earnings 668,902Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,649,152The company maintains a minimum cash balance of $53,000. All borrowing is done at the beginning of a month; any repayments are made at the end of a month.The company has an agreement with a bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of $1,000 at the beginning of each month. The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month and for simplicity we will assume that interest is not compounded. At the end of the quarter, the company would pay the bank all of the accumulated interest on the loan and as much of the loan as possible (in increments of $1,000), while still retaining at least $53,000 in cash.Required:Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30. Include the following detailed schedules:1. a. A sales budget, by month and in total. b. A schedule of expected cash collections, by month and in total. c. A merchandise purchases budget in units and in dollars. Show the budget by month and in total. d. A schedule of expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases, by month and in total.2. A cash budget. Show the budget by month and in total. Determine any borrowing that would be needed to maintain the minimum cash balance of $53,000.3. A budgeted income statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Use the contribution approach.4. A budgeted balance sheet as of June 30.
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Rough Draft Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.

Rough Draft Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.. Need help with my Nursing question – I’m studying for my class.

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two quantitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part II” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the study in your responses.
Use the practice problem and two quantitative, peer-reviewed research articles you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.
In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two quantitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide.
Rough Draft Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations.