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Amazon Management Structure

Management and Organization Behavior Introduction Whereas there are divergent views on the subject of leadership and management, the unanimous agreement among leadership experts like Myatt (2013) is that the interaction between managers/leaders and their subjects cannot exist in a vacuum. To fill this gap, several management concepts have been hypothesis over the years ranging from Contingency Theory and Systems Theory, to others such as Trait theory as well as Theory X and Theory Y. for example, Theory X and Y deals with how leaders perceive their employees’ motivation to work, and how this perception determines how such managers apply power and authority at the workplace. For instance, managers who support theory X believe that workers are naturally unmotivated and hate their jobs. Thus, such managers prefer an authoritarian style of leadership as they believe workers must be pushed to perform. As we shall see later in the essay, Amazon’s employees are monitored very closely and strictly because their leaders believe they must be pushed to achieve results. On the other hand, managers who support theory Y believe that workers are happy, self-motivated and creative, and that such employees enjoy greater responsibility. Such types of managers allow workers to work freely without interference. According to Miles (2012), each of these leadership philosophies are applicable under unique set of circumstances and cannot therefore be contrasted against one another. Instead, the focus should be on using the relevant facets of each to design a better overall management philosophy that is relevant in the highly dynamic society we live in. One such attempt at understanding organizations and how people within them interact with each other was postulated by Morgan (1997), in his portrayal of organizations as political systems. In this regard, the Author posits that the levels and nature of political activities in organizations are determined by the kind of political rule that exists therein (Evans, Hassard
Potomac The Influence of Sir Robert Peel on Cultural Diversity Discussion.

Read about Sir Robert Peel’s nine principles on policing in Peel’s Principles and Their Acceptance by American Police: Ending 175 Years of Reinvention by Keith Williams through research. Write a 700- to 1,050-word plan of action for a police department to address improving its relationship with the following cultural populations:African AmericanHispanicAsianNative AmericansLGBTQMuslims or any other religious groupsBe sure to incorporate the following into your plan of action:The effect of improving cultural diversity in public policingCurrent cultural issues that are prominent in public policing and private securityHow Sir Robert Peel’s principles are applicable todayFormat your letter in MS Word consistent with APA guidelines and at least two outside references.
Potomac The Influence of Sir Robert Peel on Cultural Diversity Discussion

Study Of Organizations Behavior. Formal and informal framework of policies and rules , within which an organization arranges its lines of authority and communications , and allocates rights and duties. Organizational structure determines the manner and extent to which roles , power , and responsibilities are delegated, controlled, and coordinated, and how information flows between levels of management . This structure depends entirely on the organization’s objectives and the strategy chosen to achieve them. In a centralized structure, the decision making power is concentrated in the top layer of the management. ‘Structure is the pattern of relationships among positions in the organisation and among members of the organisation. Structure makes possible the application of the process of management and creates a framework of order and command through which the activities of the organisation can be planned, organised directed and controlled.’ .Culture in Organizations These are the informal values, norms and beliefs which control how individuals and groups in an organization interact internally and externally. This in turn shapes attitude and behavior and the quality of inter group relationships – again to achieve organizational goals. Lateral Horizontal Top Vertical Bottom Values and Norms Culture in organization has two founding values: Terminal Value; is linked to desire goals e.g. excellence, quality, morality, stability, profitability. Instrumental Value; is linked to desire modes of behavior for the organization e.g. hard work, tradition, respect for authority, risk taking, honesty, standards of service, dress code. Norms; specific norms emerge as a result of shared experiences over time which became expectations for behavior. These result in rules for conduct e.g. courtesy, cleanliness, grooming, teamwork, information sharing, and cooperation. The Source of ValuesStudy Of Organizations Behavior
HIST 440 San Diego State University The Holocaust by Art Spiegelman Book Report.

The book report should be 4-5 pages. Use Maus I, II and Bergen for historical context and background. Answer two questions:How do the experiences during the Holocaust and before the war continue to influence Spiegelmann’s father, his wife, and his mother (while she was alive)?What impact do these experiences have on Spiegelman’s own life (how do they translate into the next generation)?Begin with an introduction, then a general overview of the books and finally a discussion of the two questions above.ABCDFKnowledge of textGood – knows both books. Uses range of pages and examplesGood – knows books fairly wellFair – knows parts of booksPoor – only uses first pages. Does not show rangePoor to non-existentQuotes/examplesGood examples that reinforce the argumentCorrectly cited with page numbersFair examplesCorrectly cited with page numbersSome examples. Cited with page numbersVery few specific examples. Very general points. Cited with page numbersNo examples or not cited with page numbersOrganizationGood and clearFairly goodA bit disorganizedBadly organizedA few random paragraphs piled onto each other.StyleGood and clearGoodFairPoor – badly written, misspelled, no names spellcheckedPoor – badly written, misspelled, no names spellchecked.MAUS Maus by Art SpiegelmanThe graphic novel Maus by Art Spiegelman is a rich and engaging story. It follows his own parents’ story in Poland during the 1930s, and describes their experiences as the Nazis invaded and persecuted the Jewish population. Spiegelman presents his story in graphic form, portraying his characters as animals. Let’s take a look at a summary and analysis.Maus takes place during two different periods in time. The present time in Florida frames the story of the past. In the present, Art interacts with his father, Vladek. From these interactions, the story moves to the past as Vladek recounts his experiences as a Jew in German-occupied Poland. The second part of the story describes Vladek’s life in the concentration camps.Part One: The PresentThe story begins with Vladek as a young man in the mid-1930s living in Poland. His friends help set him up with a girl named Anja. Anja lives in Sosnowiec, Poland, and her parents are extremely wealthy.Vladek makes a good impression and shows that he is self-determined and not afraid of hard work. He becomes somewhat successful in his own right, and Anja’s father loans Vladek money to build his own factory. Vladek and Anja soon marry, and have a son, Richieu. Life is good.Then the threat of the Germans descends on Poland. Vladek fights for the Polish Army on the front line but is captured and becomes a prisoner of war. Vladek is able to escape and returns to his family. He acquires paperwork from his black market contacts, which, in addition to his wealth, keeps his family safe from capture. Many of their friends and some family members are captured or killed.His son Richieu had been sent to stay with his aunt, but she poisons him along with her own children to prevent them from being sent to the concentration camps. Vladek and Anja barely manage to stay alive in the ghettos where the Germans confine the Jewish population. Eventually they resort to hiding to prevent capture by the Germans, but are betrayed by one of their own, and Vladek and Anja are captured. They are sent to separate camps at Auschwitz.Part Two: Concentration CampVladek relates the horrors of Auschwitz. His survival, and that of Anja, is due to the people who helped restore their faith and those who spared a moment to help them. Anja would not have survived if it was not for the efforts of Mancie, who befriends her and passes messages and food to her on behalf of Vladek.Anja is also tormented by a guard who continually gives her difficult tasks, and then beats her severely when she fails to complete them. Their relationship changes for the better when Anja offers her husband’s services to repair the guard’s shoes. It is this quid pro quo which helps Anja and Vladek survive.Vladek has a way of making friends and having the skills and abilities to please others. This allows him to stay away from the heavy work. Instead, Vladek enjoys comfort and food, particularly when he teaches English to his Polish guard.Even when Vladek is sick or physically unable to work, his friends help him survive. Toward the end of the war, life devolved to survival. Helping others put yourself at risk. Only if there was some personal benefit would anyone help another. Because of this mentality, both Anja and Vladek survive Auschwitz.AnalysisUsing Animals to Portray RelationshipsSpiegelman’s focus on relationships and how people interact is perhaps the main focus of the story, beyond that of his parents’ experiences in the concentration camps. Art shows how people will stand up and care for one another, even when it means putting their own life at risk. But, he also shows the lengths people will go to harm others out of greed or malice.Throughout Maus, Spiegelman draws his characters as animals: rats, cats, pigs and frogs. This allows the reader to differentiate the characters rather easily, and provides insight to the relationships between them. Cats are the Germans, who then prey on the mice (the Jewish people). This type of anthropomorphic representation allows Art to tell his story without burdening it with additional textual explanation.Father-Son RelationshipArt’s relationship with his father is a bit more complex. Vladek is a demanding person. Both Art and his second wife, Mala, are unable to live up to his expectations. Their interactions not only introduce the story about Vladek’s past, but also provide insight to his guilt.There is the residual survivor guilt that Vladek feels, but there is also guilt over the death of his son, Richieu, and the later loss of Anja to suicide when Art is 20. Vladek places some of the blame on Art. Art turns to a therapist and his wife, Francoise, to help deal with this guilt.Both Francoise and Pavel help Art sort through his feelings regarding his family. These feelings then metamorphose into the story of Maus. Art cares about his father, as shown by his concern over Vladek’s health and hospitalization, but Art is equally frustrated by his father’s actions and words that serve more to belittle than to encourage. In the end, as Vladek comes to the end of his life, he calls out to Art, but says the name ‘Richieu’. This emphasizes how Art is never considered the chosen son.Lesson SummaryArt Spiegelman’s Maus is a graphic novel of a son hearing the story of his father and mother’s persecution in the days of the Nazis. His father Vladek grew up in Poland and married Anja, and later they both end up in concentration camps. They survive, but their son Richieu is poisoned by his aunt who was trying to save him from the fate of the camps. Vladek and Anja survive, but Anja later kills herself, and Vladek is left guilty and disparages his son, Art. Vladek’s last words are of his first son.Spiegelman portrays his characters as animals in order to allow the reader to decipher their personality and characteristics based on this generalization. In addition, he uses his interactions with his father in the present tense as a way to frame, or set up the action in the past.Art’s interactions with his father show how guilt can damage your relationship with others, as well as bring harm to yourself. Maus can be seen as cathartic in trying to improve Art’s relationship with his father, but it also stands as a tribute to Art’s family, and to himself, for understanding and overcoming the pain and remorse associated with guilt.
HIST 440 San Diego State University The Holocaust by Art Spiegelman Book Report

The Case of Kenji Oshima:

The Case of Kenji Oshima:. Paper details Is Heartburn Dangerous? IntroductionKenji Oshima (called KO) is a 58-year-old man who has not been to the doctor’s office for many years. He hasn’t had a physical exam by a healthcare provider in over 15 years, which is not uncommon for men of his age. He has had insurance provided by his employer, but he hasn’t used it because he hasn’t been sick. Unfortunately, over the last 8 months this has changed. In this period, KO inexplicably lost almost 20 pounds, and he just didn’t feel very well. He frequently become short of breath and nauseated, which was followed by frightening episodes where he became almost feverish and sweaty. He finally decided, with pressure from his wife and daughter, that he needed a full checkup.The history and physical exam (HThe Case of Kenji Oshima:

please select an article and write accordingly

professional essay writers please select an article and write accordingly. I don’t understand this Management question and need help to study.

please select 1 article related to the topics mentioned below and write according to the headings
1.Compitative rivalry and competitive dynmics
2.Corporate level strategy


Clearly state what the article is about and its purpose
How the article and/or author(s) support your argument(s)
Most important aspects of the article as it directly related to your CLO
Any findings and conclusions
Approximately 250 to 350 words in length (minimum of 2 paragraphs)
Include the industry example demonstrating the application of your researched article
Include the in-text citation in APA format to properly reference your article

please select an article and write accordingly

BIO 160 Southern Illinois University Urinary & Reproductive Systems Questions

BIO 160 Southern Illinois University Urinary & Reproductive Systems Questions.

Bio 160Name_________________________Urinary & Reproductive systemsWhat is the major regulatory problem for terrestrial animals? What are some of the adaptations that help terrestrial animals overcome this problem? How do humans compensate for water loss?What are the major functions of the kidneys? How much blood is in the kidneys at any given moment? What is the functional unit of the kidneys? What are the parts of this functional unit?We can compare of the production of urine by the kidneys to a person cleaning out their fridge. Explain how his analogy functions in the production of urine.What is the overall composition of urine and why can the color of urine be a simple but important diagnostic tool? Outline how the endocrine system regulates urine production. What is the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway?How does diuresis differ from antidiuresis?Reproduction involves several steps to ensure the continuation of the species. What are these steps?How does the endocrine system factor in reproduction?How does testosterone influence the development of male characteristics? How does estrogen influence the development of female characteristics?Outline the process of oogenesis. How is it similar to spermatogenesis and does it differ?Compare the terms zygote, embryo and fetus and list their defining characteristics.What are bipotential gonads? When does sexual differentiation occur?What does it mean for a trait to be either dominant or recessive?How do X-linked traits differ from normal autosomal traits?ANSWER QUESTIONS IN FILE AND RETURN
BIO 160 Southern Illinois University Urinary & Reproductive Systems Questions

BUS 309 ASU Advantages and Disadvantages of Capitalism System Essay

BUS 309 ASU Advantages and Disadvantages of Capitalism System Essay.

Capitalism is an economic and political system in which a country’s
trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather
than by the state. Socialism is a political and economic theory of
social organization that advocates for the means of production,
distribution, and exchange being owned or regulated by the community as a
whole (1). In this assignment, you will write a 2–3 paragraph essay comparing capitalism and socialism: Briefly define, in your own words, the concepts of capitalism and socialism.Identify three pros and cons of each. This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For
assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing
Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your
professor for any additional instructions. The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is: Examine the role capitalism plays in corporate decision making. Sources William H. Shaw. 2014. Business Ethics: A Textbook with Cases. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning 8th edition textbook.
BUS 309 ASU Advantages and Disadvantages of Capitalism System Essay