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What influence did these beliefs of inferiority have on his striving for superiority? Because of the feeling of inferiority, Martin was eager to make achievement when he grew up, and he strived for his study and work. He was an excellent student at school, and also became a well-known lawyer in his career. He wanted to use the achievements to increase his superiority and decrease the inferiority. I think the beliefs of inferiority had positive influence on his striving for superiority. Martin’s inferiority helped him to improve himself and achieve success.

He wanted to get rid of inferiority and striving for superiority. In order to achieve this goal, he had motivation to study hard and work hard. Consequently, he obtained success and achieved his goal. 3. According to Adler’s theory, what was Martin’s goal? What was Martin’s unique style of life that could be used to achieve this goal? How do you know this? According to Adler’s theory, Martin’s goal was to be out of inferiority and achieve superiority. The style of life was the life plan or guiding image, and referred to the unique ways which people peruse their ways.

People’s unique styles of life were formed to a considerable extent during the first five years of life, and also were a reaction to people’s inferiority, real or imaged. Therefore, Martin’s unique style of life was formed in his early childhood. He was raised in a low socioeconomic status family, and his parents were working class and didn’t get the higher education. So he studied hard at school and had excellent achievement in academy. Moreover, he had a good job and made a lot of money, also had a good reputation. 4. Did Martin have a high or low level of social interest? What does this imply about his personality and adjustment?

What is the cause of this level of social interest? From the description, I think Martin had low level of social interest. This implied that Martin was not good at cooperation with people, less altruistic and helpful, and not well-adjusted socially. I think the reason why Martin had low level of social interest was that he didn’t get enough love and care from his parents. In the description, Martin’s mother married his father just because of pregnancy, not because of love, and she didn’t really love Martin either. So neither Martin’s physical or psychological needs could be satisfied from parents.

He felt alone and didn’t feel love from his family. Thus I think this was the cause of Martin’s low level of social interest. 5. What did Adler say about birth order that would apply to Martin’s life? Adler believed that each child was treated uniquely by its parents, and this special treatment was typically, but not inevitably, related to the child’s order of birth within the family. He thought that the oldest child was the center of attention in the family before the birth of other siblings, but the position would be replaced by other siblings’ birth, so little Martin might feel isolated and ignored after his brother or sister’s birth.

On the other hand, according to Adler, the oldest child understood best the importance of power and authority because he or she has had undergone their loss within the family. Consequently, the oldest child would be highly supportive of, and depended on, authorities in later life and would be a person who tended to support the status quo. In this case, Martin was the oldest child in his family, so he knew how important the authority was. He left his first law firm even it was a well-know firm, and started his own law firm. He got the authority from his own firm and tried to keep this authority in his life.

International Relations; UN Security Council.

International Relations; UN Security Council..

Please select one of the following: 

1. Is direct military action the best way to deal with the problem of terrorism?

2. Evaluate the case for reforming the UN Security Council. 

3. Is a world without weapons of mass destruction foreseeable?

4. Are people threatened by discrimination best protected by their governments or by international law?

5. Is humanitarian military intervention in the affairs of another state ever justified? 

6. In a world of sufficient food why do so many people die of starvation and hunger?

7. Can global poverty be ‘made history’?

8. Why, in spite of great controversy over their use, are economic sanctions an increasingly popular option for the UN Security Council?

9. “Environmental scarcities are already contributing to violent conflicts in many parts of the world. These conflicts are probably the early signs of an upsurge of violence in the coming decades that will be induced or aggravated by scarcity” (Homer-Dixon 1994). Discuss.

10. Why do some people (and states) consider climate change to be an issue of critical importance whilst others do not? 7

11. Is it appropriate to consider HIV/AIDS as a global security issue?

12. Why do analysts differ in terms of whether or not to treat health as a matter of global security?

13. “No one country can effectively fight transnational organized crime within or outside its borders. Therefore, I submit, countries must relinquish some of their procedural or substantive sovereignty in order for the purpose for which sovereignty exists in the first place to remain intact”. (Ronald Noble, Secretary General of Interpol 2003) Discuss.

14. Since accidents constitute a bigger threat to life in today’s world than war and terrorism combined why are they rarely considered as matters of security?

15. Is it appropriate to consider natural disasters as matters of international security?

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