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Alcohol’s Role in Military Sexual Assaults Research Paper

A report released by the Defense Department revealed that cases of sexual assault in the military have doubled in the last two years. 20,500 instances of assault against both men and women were reported in 2018, representing a 38% increase from those reported in 2016 (Brook par. 1). Alcohol has been cited as one of the reasons for the drastic increase. Key findings show that alcohol misuse among military officers is significantly higher when compared to civilians. Binge drinking has been reported among 33 percent of active military members. Several calls have been made to shift authority over the prosecution of assault cases from commanders to private prosecutors as a mitigation strategy. A review conducted by the Pentagon revealed that military sexual assaults have increased by 50 percent. These findings prompted defense officials to authorize the implementation of stringent measures to review the sale of alcohol. Sexual assault ranges from improper conduct cases such as unwanted sexual conduct to criminal activities such as rape and sodomy (Brook par. 6). Alcohol contributed to sexual assault in the military because it increases sexual aggression among consumers and heightens vulnerability to sexual assault because of altered judgment (Farris and Hepner p. 6). Studies show that alcohol increases aggression among young men. Individuals in the military are predisposed to act aggressively because of their training (Farris and Hepner p. 6). Therefore, misuse of alcohol increases their sexual aggression. It is likely that an intoxicated man will misperceive a woman’s sexual intent, and as a result, act aggressively. In many instances, victimization occurs as a result of an intoxicated person’s actions. Rarely does the behavior of a victim lead to sexual assault. Therefore, vulnerability increases in settings where a potential perpetrator is present and intoxicated. In such a situation, alcohol can have a plethora of effects that could increase the risk of victimization. For instance, it could cause unconsciousness or lower an individual’s awareness of risk indicators in the environment (Farris and Hepner p. 6). The majority of research studies conducted on the relationship between alcohol misuse and sexual assault have involved college students who have several similarities with military personnel. A study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that alcohol was a major component. Approximately 50 percent of women and 20 percent of men reported that either they were intoxicated or the perpetrator was using alcohol prior to the incident (Farris and Hepner p. 6). Alcohol misuse is a common problem in the military. Misuse comprises several drinking habits like risky drinking and alcohol dependence. Several cases of suicides and motor vehicle accidents involving intoxicated military personnel have been reported, supporting the claim that alcohol misuse is a serious problem in the armed forces (Farris and Hepner p. 6). Others surveys have recorded members saying that they engage in binge drinking once a month or weekly. The rate is higher among newly-enlisted recruits, 26 percent of whom reported binge drinking weekly. Only 16 percent of civilians engage in binge drinking weekly. These statistics are incomparable, and reveal the extent of the problem. Alcohol misuse is a serious problem in the armed forces. It has been cited as one of the major causes of the sexual assault involving both male and female personnel. Studies have shown that alcohol misuse increases sexual aggression among people who are predisposed to act aggressively. Moreover, it increases vulnerability by lowering one’s awareness of risk indicators and causing unconsciousness. It is important for the military to implement more stringent policies to govern alcohol sale and use among service members in order to reduce cases of sexual assault. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Brook, Tom Vanden. “Shanahan Calls for Reforms as Military Sexual Assaults rise by 38%: Highest for Young Women.” USA Today, 2019. Web. Farris, Coreen, and Kimberly Hepner. “Targeting Alcohol Misuse: A Promising Strategy for Reducing Military Sexual Assaults?” RAND Health Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 6.
The Vikings were a Scandinavian people who had left their home lands in search of new lands starting in the 8th century. When the Vikings first arrived in England it was a heavily divided land which made it very easy for them to seize control of many cities and ports but as time went on the English kings and leaders of the surrounding areas started to form up to defend against the “heathens” who sought to destroy the holy sites and steal the land from them(Viking king 63). When it comes to the Vikings invasion of England many factors were used in order to achieve success for so long by the Vikings. First off the weapons and ships that they used in order to raid and pillage cities and monasteries were very useful and essential to the their victories in England. Second the military tactics that were used by the Vikings while they were raiding were crucial to the success of the Vikings. And finally the way the Vikings manipulated the politics of all the areas in Britain made it so that they could successful conquer an area and subsequently settle in the area after arrival. From the time of the first Scandinavian raids on England at the end of the eighth century. Until the Viking conquest in 1012, the political geography and culture of the Anglo-Saxons were transformed through the influence of the Vikings. During the Vikings conquest of England the Vikings raided many places that were see as holy lands by the English there for the English branded them heathens and did everything in their power to stop them(Viking kings). One of the most notable place that the Vikings raided during their initial raids into England was the Lindisfarne Monastery “In the year 793 AD, on a January morning, the wealthy monastic settlement of Lindis-farne(or Holy island), off the Northumbrian coast, was suddenly attacked by a powerful fleet of Danish Vikings. They sacked the place, devoured the cattle, killed many of the monks, and sailed away with rich booty in gold, jewels, and sacred emblems.”(Web) The raiding of the Lindisfarne Monastery was such a huge blow to the church in England that not only did the message of the Vikings spread throughout England most of Europe also heard about the news. The next year the Vikings tried to invade again but this time they were being attacked heavily while also being battered by fierce weather(web) because of this combination of bad weather and overwhelming forces many of the Vikings were killed off and their king was captured and put to a cruel death, because of the slaughter of the Vikings, no raids were successful at gaining land in England until 865 “When resistance stiffened on the continent and the great Danish invasion of Northumbria and Eastern England began”(web) At this time was when England starts to see what is referred to as the “Great Army” lead by a man named Ivarr(Viking kings 63) During Ivarr’s campaign through England he captured many cities and regions throughout England starting with the city of York “The city of York was captured by the army of East Anglia in 866 and this inaugurated a string of Viking successes”(Viking kings 63). Because of the capture of the city of York it allowed for the Vikings to have a staging ground so that they could capture more cities throughout England. Of the cities that the Vikings took after their capture of York included East Anglia, Mercia, and Wessex(Viking king 63). With the capture of Wessex its king, King Alfred was forced to go into hiding so that he could rally his forces up again to fight the Vikings, When the Vikings fought King Alfred at Edington in May of 878(Viking Kings 63) . This marked the end of the string of successes that the Viking raiders had been accomplishing. “In King Alfreds days a large army of pagans came up from the sea, and attacked and destroyed the city of Winchester. As they were returning laden with booty to their ships Osric, earl of Hampshire, with his men, and earl Ethelwulf, with the men of Berkshire, confronted them bravely, a severe battle took place and the pagans were slain on everyside”(Life of King Alfred) In the next 50 years after the battle at Edington Ivarr’s heirs and the English kings that controlled the land were locked in a struggle over who would have control of the land (Viking Kings 63). When it comes to the politics of the area that the Vikings raided, many of the Viking groups, towards the end of the 9th century, would still raid the areas that they went into but would often tend to only raid places that were more vibrant for settling(web) because after they would raid the area they would tend to stay there and start to settle the area. Many of the kings disapproved of this because when the vikings would settle an area. It often meant that the closest kingdoms to the areas that the vikings settled in would often get raided by the Vikings in order for them to get more valuables.(Hersir). But not every settlement in the area would actually get ready but instead they would pay the viknigs to leave their land peacefully with a currency known as Danegeld, Danegeld is a payment that was payed by the people of England to the vikings so that they would restrain from ravaging and raiding a kingdom or town.(Viking Kings 65).

Science And Technology In Malaysia Marketing Essay

The two parts of Malaysia are Malaysian peninsula and the states of sabah and sarak. There are 13 states in Malaysia and has 3 territories. It has a total land mass of 330000 sq km. the fourth fifth part of it is tropical rain forest area. it got independence in 1957. It follows the parliamentary democracy system which is been rotated at every five years .In Malaysia various cultures are followed and it has a multilingual society with 28.66mn people. In Malaysia there are 57.1% malay people, 24.6 % Chinese people , 7.3% Indians and 11% other people. There is a freedom of religion in Malaysia although major part of the people follow islam.61.3% people follow islam 19.8% follow Buddhism ,9.2% follow Christianity ,6.3 follow Hinduism and 2.6% practices other religion. The economy of malaysia was not that good previously as it was a middle income country.But it has developed its country in every sector but mostly the focus is on high technology and capital intensive industries. It is also focusing on the automobile industry in Malaysia. As it is continuously developing their economic performance has also improved which has also improved their ranking 7th place out of 59th economies. It is among the 20 trading is ranked among the top 5 competitive competitive nations. It is also 21st exporter among the worldwide nations. Malaysia is also a location which provides low cost competition for investors who wants to manufacture advanced technological product. the economy of Malaysia is also supported by the Malaysian government policy. It has also launced economic transformation program which identifies 12 natioanl key economic areas which contribute to the grouth of Malaysia . ―Vision 2020 is to transform Malaysia into a ―high income country and for which Malaysia requires annual growth rate GNI of 6%. Due to the weaker domestic demand GDP growth lower to 4.0 percent year -on- year and further implementation of ETP project will boost domestic demand, but unlikely to offset underperformance in net exports. Germany has good trade relations with Malaysia and germany also invest good amount of money in Malaysia .malaysia also holds the second position when it comes to usinf of german products. As we know that germany is the largest exportor of automobile parts,so Malaysia also imports large amount of automotive parts in germany. As Malaysia is the huge market for automotive industry several german manufacturers have entered into the Malaysia .they all work only for the automotive industry.we can take the example of several companies such as BMW Benz,Mercedes Benz. The distribution of the product is carried out by the brand owner or the company itself such as BMW Benz, Mercedes Benz. The Malaysian government also had developed several policy to develop the automotive industry of Malaysia and strengthen the position of the industry ao that they can reduce their dependability on agriculture. They are focusing on automotive industry mainly so that they can reach the position of a developed nation by 2020. The most important thing for Malaysia is their seaborne trade. They have seven international ports which has helped them to increase their trade with other countries. Port klana and the port of Tansung have been ranked in top 120 ports in the world. When it comes to business the most important thing is that we have to keep in mind business meeting schedule. They should not be scheduled on the prayer time. When we are doing the business with muslims as the country is dominated by muslims. When a company is doing business with Malaysian government than it should be done in their language of bhara. Other business with Malaysian companies are done in English. In their culture they give more importance to their designations and also what are think that is to be done in the job. There are some etiquettes that are to be followed with Malaysian companies. The currency of Malaysia is 1 rinngit and the GDP growth rate is 5%. The inflation rate is 3.3% – 3.5% in Malaysia. They export many commodities like electronic, petroleum products, rubber products etc. The rate of unemployment is 3.0%. In the automotive industry after the formation of the policy two projects were there which dominated the market. They are proton and perodua Whereas proton brought a huge change in the industry. Previously they were doing the work of assembly line and they moved from it and started producing vehicles due to which the business reduced because people preferred to buy their own country brand. Malaysia hold the 3rd position in the car market. In 2012 budget, the government has provided some benefits for the development of domestic automobile industry. As there are many foreign competitors present in the Malaysian market the government of Malaysia is trying to protect their technology industry from the competitors and therefore just to protect their industry they have made certain policies So that they can protet teir domestic companies from their competitors and that the country can develop rather than being depeendant on any other investors. They have introduced certain policies and tariffs . Therefore just to protect their industry they are imposing certain restrictions on foreign competitors. They are taking high excise duties from their foreign competitors so that they can advantage of these companies and at the same time it does nat harm their own domestic market. They are imposing import duties .according to the MTI the foreign companies have to work cooperatively with the local partners.The duties that are imposed on the vehicles depend upon the type of the vehicles. Information technology is playing an crucial role in the professional and personal lives of any individual. The constituents of the technology are Computers, communications, digital information, and softwares. Also, those who search aggressively for opportunities to learn more about technology and those who choose not to learn anything at all about technology, there are many things to recognize the potential value of technology for their day to day lives and also those who realize that a better understanding of technology will be helpful to them. This realization have some several factors: Technology has entered in one’s lives over a relatively brief period of time with little warning and essentially no formal educational preparation among the fewer people Current use of technology have a limited understanding of the tools that are been used and a belief that they are underutilizing them. Few people do not feel confident or in control when they are confronted by technology, and they would like to be more certain. Also, there have been impressive claims for the potential benefits of technology, and many would like to realize those benefits. There is an concern on the part of some individuals that changes implied by technology which leads to potential risks to social values, freedoms or economic interests, etc., obligating them to become informed. Modern information technologies are a rapidly advancing field that can facilitate new effective means for retailers to reach consumers. Methods profiled below include the use of the Internet as a provider of static information and facilitator of traceability schemes, in-store interactive screens and information kiosks, personal shopping assistants, television monitors, mobile technologies and customer club cards. ‘Smart ads’, interactive window-shopping and holographic imaging as emerging technologies are also profiled. A second application of technology includes traceability schemes, which go beyond providing static information to enable consumers to trace supply chains of individual products. Today’s emerging application offers retailers an opportunity to increase consumer trusts in both the retailer and the products on. Also, when tracing products through the supply chain, consumers can feel more that they are part of the chain, which helps in increasing the likelihood of environmental and social externalities being considered in purchasing decisions. With increased knowledge of supply chain issues gained by compiling traceability of information that offers tangible benefits to retailers such as quality tracking. Technologies also offer another opportunity to provide sustainability information to consumers. Quick Response (QR) have been used in malaysia to transfer product information in-store to the consumer. Through QR code readers are mainly available through a technology called i-mode a Japanese mobile communications company. QR codes which are readable by a mobile phone camera are affixed onto a product or package and direct consumers to online product information via wireless internet i.e mobile phones. The Malaysian technology report presents the technology requirements resulting from the activities of the process design teams, that describes the of target technological environment that is required to support the activities. and also provides estimation of the costs associated with the deployment of the environment. Also provides the description of the assumptions made by the team during the project, and an illustration of the data model used during the estimating process. The technology project results in a number of significant changes to the existing application environment: •New applications are visioned for Service sectors. These systems are supported by the use of imaging technology. •The Service systems will be augmented to provide Private Agents with a user-friendly interface, and will also employ imaging technology. •The Service system will be provided with the consistent user interface. There is not a requirement for imaging services within this application Science and Technology in Malaysia In Malaysia science policy is regulated by ministry of science, technology and innovation, ministry of agriculture and the ministry of health. In 1998 high- tech exports made 54% Malaysian export. And in 1987 to 1997 research and development used 0.24% GNP. Malaysian national space agency in 2002 formed which deals with Malaysian space activities, space education and space experiments. “RazakSAT” satellite is a remote sensing satellite with the CCD camera. Angkasawan space flight program helpful for the Malaysia to transport one Malaysian to the space station. Malaysian privatized part of its military in 1970’s to support national development and by this Malaysian defense industry council formed. And government also making efforts for the competitiveness and development of the sector. The Malaysian armed force uses weapons and hi-tech weapons and military imported from foreign countries. The Malaysian Antratic Research Program and national antratic research center were established to became partly to the antratic treaty. Biomass Energy Technology In the 9th Malaysian plan biomass energy has given more importance. Many incentives were provided for the promotion of biomass energy. It is used for the palm oil, rubber and brick making and also for the commercial use through this small renewable commercial program. By the process of conversion biomass is converted into liquid fuel and the part of it is used for the diesel in Malaysia. Through fermentation and gasification, biomass is converted into biogas. This status of technology used in Malaysia with environmentally clean and economically clean and viable system. Through the application of biomass technology number of issues were solved of emissions. For the techno-economic analysis many issues like labor cost and availability of raw material were solved. The technology from biomass make environment friendly produced high quality fuel from types of biomass and producing high grade fuel from low quality waste like feedstock. For the removal of hazardous air pollutants cost efficient preventive pre-treatment effective technology were used. For the demand of liberalized energy and cogeneration market this technology developed. And this require a good commercialization plan for the success of this technology in Malaysia. And for this commercial programs are also highlighted. Technology will also make a significant contribution to the automation of internal business activities. Workgroup products will be used to manage the handling of customer requests, approval processes, and product development cycles, and shared databases will be used for the efficient creation and management of stakeholder, agent, customer, or product information. The use of such tools facilitates the automatic collection of performance statistics, allowing for the management of cycle times and further improvement of the automated processes. As a key part of this environment, integrated office automation products and usage standards will be implemented. In 2011 Malaysian Automotive Association registered a decrease of vehicles of 7.5% and this sales was affected due to disruption of the supply chain from natural disasters in Japan and Thailand. Now in2012 sales expected to raise but not much as of hybrid vehicles which expected to grow 60%. In Malaysia national car manufacturer appoint other companies to act as a distributor for them ,while foreign car makers choose different means to distribute their automobile Majorly Malaysia import the car parts and components rather export. As it get export to AESAN countries Thailand and Indonesia,but large quantities are also transferred to China, Syria and UK. Component industry In early 1980 with launching of proton the development of the ancillary and supporting industries created opportunities for growth in the manufacturing of component parts and accessories. Now therearemorethan704automotive components and parts manufactured in Malaysia and there about 45 vendors in the automotive component industry who has achieved the capabilities to design and develop, components and manufacture the whole component both for the original equipment and replacement markets . Malaysia being main producers and exporters of vehicle parts, accessories in the countries like in Japan, Germany and the UK due to their quality, compliance with international standards and competitive prices. Now, with facing many challenges with globalization the Malaysian government felt that there is a policy framework for the domestic automotive sector the government launched the National Automotive Policy (NAP)in March2006,which primarily aims at progressive market .In September2009,the NAP was revised to encourage new investments, ensure a long term sustainability of the domestic automotive industry, ensure safety and quality of products and services and protection of the environment An economic region grows together In2002,the ASEANwas founded to facilitate trading relations between the Asian countries in particular, but global economy also profiting from commit ment encourage competitiveness. Malaysia, as a member, to the policies decided upon in this multilateral forum it gradually reduced trade barriers. Over the years the government has pull to pieces its protective policies. Import duties on CKD (completely knocked-down units) and CBU(completely builtup units)from ASEAN members have been reduced to 0%and 5%.Duties from non-ASEAN countries for CKD have been reduced to 0%- 10%,while duties on CBU have now reacheda30%. As former prime minister Turn Dr Mahathir said that ‘Malaysia cannot rely on imported auto technology forever’ the country needed to invent new technology in the automobile industry especially in green technology engineering and electric-powered engines which were currently the main focus of manufacturers and producers of cars in the world. He said now it time to move from preventing itself from continued dependence on foreign technology, home grown technology could also contribute to the economy of the country. “Most of our work is only in assembling or putting together products made by other people . Chief executive officer MadaniSahari said that Today, items such as airbags, global positioning systems (GPS) and anti-lock braking systems (ABS) are naturally included in all cars in other countries but in Malaysia these high-tech items are not present. In 1983, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, then Prime Minister, established Proton to build the national car in collaboration with Mitsubishi. The car name Proton Saga rolled in 1986 as the first nation car (NC) and thereafter In 1993, Perodua was established and, in collaboration with Daihatsu, launched the PeroduaKancil as the second NC .The main objective of the automotive vision was to spin off local suppliers, create job opportunities, upgrade the know-how of our workforce and, ultimately, to create a local identity for the Malaysian automobile sector. Though much efforts are made by government for customers to buy national car but customer refer to buy non national car because advanced safety they get from other brands. The sales of car in Malaysia over the last five years have increasing from 490,768 units in 2006 to 605,156 units in 2010. This has largely been facilitated by easy availability of credit at low interest rates, and a high level of grant on petrol prices. The Malaysian Car Sales shows that Proton and Perodua are the main players, commanding about 55% of the market share. But despite huge difference in price NC and NNCNNC brands have still managed to acquire share (at 45%) of the market. The reason behind of buying NNC brand because of their more advanced features, better reliability and lower maintenance costs as compared with Proton or Perodua. Now as the technology is going ahead in automobile industry, countries are manufacturing hybrid and alternative-fuel vehicles in which BRAZIL rank first in selling this types of cars. Here , Malaysia is out of the sync they neither manufactured or assembled locally .But to support the use of alternative-fuel cars and electric or hybrid cars they need to develop a national system to supply such fuel (e.g. natural gas). Also need to develop a system for the convenient charging of the batteries on highways, and service stations. For develop strategies the NAP has not given incentives. As the people of country has much restriction for buying NNC the Government must take bold steps to reform the automotive industry. With their global marketing strategies, Malaysia can emerge as a focal point of their new supply chains, particularly for components of advance technology car for the huge china market Other steps government can take that they have large reserves of natural gas,they should also take immediate steps to establish a national natural-gas supply system for natural-gas cars. This infrastructure is crucial for the mass utilization of this alternative fuel vehicle Further the research has been shown that how Malaysia automotive industry will be grow in coming years The government’ has been avidly promoting green vehicles, such as hybrids and electric vehicles (EVs). This is reflected by the exemption of import and excise duties for hybrid vehicles. The development of Electric vehicles technology and infrastructure will be spearheaded by the Malaysian Green Technology Corporation under the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water; with active collaboration from the Malaysian Automotive Institute (MAI) and Proton. ASSOCIATION Federation of Malaya Motor Traders Association or FMMTA established in the year 1960and the main objective was to discuss issues relating to the Motor Industry. And that many names changes of this association and finally in 2000 it name became “The Malaysian automotive association” established with the aim to encourage, promote and protect the interest of the Automotive Industry in Malaysia. The main scope of this association Develop and protect interest of Members. Make common representation to Governmental Agencies on issues affecting the Motor Vehicle Industry. Communicate with the public through various media on industry issues, position and objectives. Now Malaysia is focuses on investment in high technology and capital intense industry at target focusing on green technology and new merging technologies. There is a continuous growth and they are finding alternatives investments from foreign companies The government had also liberalized in many sector so that foreign companies participates in equity Indian investment of $1.2 billion was done in manufacturing sector. Technology in banknote: The Malaysian government have used the latest banknote technology so that the security is maintained This increases the security features and the new technology have certain thing such as shadow, image, watermark portrait with fixed and colored glossy patch. This will also be helpful to the people to the people cannot see properly as it has tactile can to identification so that it would be can to identify and differentiate the denomination. Greener technology: It is a great potential in the solar energy and is putting lots of efforts for the development of this sector As we know that Malaysian is a developing economy who wants to move towards a technology driven world and high technology manufacturing type of development and there it is copying the NIES. Malaysia is considered to be the country which has a potential to develop and invest new technologies on their own without taking the help of other countries. The development in the technological field is very much in Malaysia. This development in the technology is catching attention of other countries. As Malaysia and the NIES are situated in the same region and to a certain point they have same economy and the trade methods. Malaysia has a very firm basis so that they can make its own tactical developments by seeing the NIE strategies and by using the proper method they can achieve the growth in the business. As it is not possible for Malaysia to bring the technology models from other NIES. As all the countries in NIES have different technology and they are using different method for development in the high technology market. As there is lot of dissimilarity in the technology it becomes difficult for the country to adopt this technology very easily and used this technology efficiently in their domestic market. So there are not a single strategy that can be adopted from other countries which would satisfy that this would succeed in the technology in Malaysia. Malaysia need to adopt new technology for the development so that they can best use the strategy. The strategies that can be used to evaluate the technology of Malaysia is their capability of development. The capabilities can be evaluated based on two types: (1) Product Technology (2) Process Technology. The resources based strategies can be evaluated based on the performance of a company how they best used the resources is very uniquely. As we know that the resources of the materials are equally divided in the heterogeneous manner the difference that remains become equal. There is also a connection between the firm’s things and the advantage they get i.e. the competitive advantage. The tactical resources that are to be evaluated are Human Resources, Research and Development etc. The development and the success of the country depend upon the development of policies and how they execute their plans and policies at the national level. Malaysia has used several strategies and they have used different policies to a great extent so the resources that are to be allocated, the various skills needed should be developed are done very perfectly. Malaysian government have also formed various guidelines to enter the technology in their country. And so that they can match this economies with other countries’ economies. When we talk about the human capital Malaysian is lagging behind because the population there is very lass so when it comes to using human capital it is relatively less as compared to other countries. Singapore is developing good system and training centers so that they give education to everyone and can convert this unskilled working people into highly skilled people. Technology development also includes research and development part. When it comes to development if there is no proper Research and Development the country cannot make progress. The investment put in research and development of Malaysia was very less and if we see the patents that is given to Malaysia is very less. The main reason that is a back draw point for R

ITS 532 NEC How Politics Must Be Separated from Cloud Computing Discussion

essay help online free ITS 532 NEC How Politics Must Be Separated from Cloud Computing Discussion.

Use at least three sources. Use the Research Databases available from the Danforth Library not Google. Include at least 3 quotes from your sources enclosed in quotation marks and cited in-line by reference to your reference list. Example: “words you copied” (citation) These quotes should be one full sentence not altered or paraphrased. Cite your sources using APA format. Use the quotes in your paragaphs. Stand alone quotes will not count toward the 3 required quotes. Copying without attribution or the use of spinbot or other word substitution software will result in a grade of 0. Write in essay format not in bulleted, numbered or other list format. Do not use attachments as a submission. Reply to two classmates’ posting in a paragraph of at least five sentences by asking questions, reflecting on your own experience, challenging assumptions, pointing out something new you learned, offering suggestions. These peer responses are not ‘attaboys’. You should make your initial post by Thursday evening so your classmates have an opportunity to respond before midnight when all three posts are due. It is important that you use your own words, that you cite your sources, that you comply with the instructions regarding length of your post and that you reply to two classmates in a substantive way (not ‘nice post’ or the like). Your goal is to help your colleagues write better. Do not use spinbot or other word replacement software. It usually results in nonsense and is not a good way to learn anything. . I will not spend a lot of my time trying to decipher nonsense. Proof read your work or have it edited. Find something interesting and/or relevant to your work to write about. Please do not submit attachments unless requested.
ITS 532 NEC How Politics Must Be Separated from Cloud Computing Discussion

The Holiness Of God Religion Essay

The Holiness Of God Religion Essay. In surveying the landscape of Christianity as revealed today in churches across America, there are two real and practical viewpoints on display, that which is of intention and that which is of truth. More and more, the latter has been replaced by the former through a culture bred and defined by opinion and evaluation. Typically, those who are a part of the church try to employ such devices as taught by leaders to do what is right before their peers and pastors. However, throughout the course of human endeavor, there is always a misstep, a falling short of the goal intended; purpose denied by ignorance. Opinion and evaluation are tools of a world found outside of the church walls. By using its methodology, the church indirectly helps to assuage the knowledge of God, such as aligning with the world in defining His primary attribute as love. What is heard most often in secular realms is that God is love and full of forgiveness provided that one does enough good to outweigh the bad. Sadly, this same pattern of false logic is a very real issue for Christians who are lead by pastors that espouse such isolated doctrine under the guise of good intentions. One must remember, though, man’s best intention is nothing more than fodder apart from truth. Scripturally speaking, there are events laid out where intentions were devised and followed through on, yet failure won the day. Rebecca so wanted a child that Hagar took her place and bore the lineage apart from Christ. Ussah, in keeping the ark from falling, thought his hand was more holy than the ground he was walking on, yet his intention was false as the ground never once disobeyed God. Each time knowledge is ignored or dismissed, there is destruction and a foundation laid to waste. To be able to recover what as lost, there must be a return to truth. In describing who God is one is not buffeted by any lack of word, thought, resource, or knowledge but to that which the one describing limits himself. The indelible subject matter in such a description actually can work against the need of exploration due to the sheer volume of information that has no known boundaries either on earth or in heaven. If not the primary way to describe God, then perhaps the first in a description would adhere to the attribute of His holiness. Jonathon Edwards, generally considered by a number of men as the greatest theologian America has ever produced, who’s biblical worldview was completely drenched in Christ and His Kingdom, regarded holiness as “more than a mere attribute of God-it is the sum of all His attributes, the outshining of all that God is.” [1] The Puritan Stephen Charnock wrote, “When God would be drawn-as much as He can be-He is drawn in this attribute of holiness.” [2] The holiness of God can be defined as the primary attribute of God, above all others, to which all who are saved must emulate, while in its absence, there is only wickedness. In defining God as being primarily holy, one must take a step back and define what the term holiness or holy actually means. The idea of holiness is at once understandable and elusive, yet, there is not term equal to the fullness inherent in holiness. [3] As it is expressed in the Old Testament, holiness holds to the Semitic root Q-D-SH, or qodhesh. The connection, as some past scholars refer, was to an Assyrian word that denotes purity or clearness. However, for most modern scholars, the prevalent thought would be to view the primary idea as that of cutting off or separation. In Semitic custom the word holiness gave the impression as having nothing more than that of a ceremonial separation of an object from common use which the modern study of savage religions has coined the term taboo. [4] Within the scope of Scripture, holiness is securely connected to God, and to places, seasons, things and humans only insofar as they are associated with Him. In the New Testament, holiness is signified by the word hagios, which relates closely to the Hebrew defined word. The primary distinction between the Old Testament and the New Testament usage is seen by the New Testament absence of the external position giving way to the ethical meaning of the word. [5] Holiness within the realm of practicality can be described superfluously through many experiences or witnessed accounts. Before viewing the practical nature upon man, viewing it through God is a must. Through Him, according to Arthur Pink, such practical holiness is manifested in three ways. The first way is through His works, as it is the rule of all His actions. The second way is in His law, as it forbids sin in all of its modifications. Finally, Pink mentions that holiness is found at the Cross, in that the Atonement displays God’s infinite holiness and abhorrence to sin. [6] Regarding man, the practical aspect in the view of some, take on the actual works by the Christian that stem from being holy. It should be noted that the word practical is from the Late Latin word practicus, as well from the Greek word praktikos, that refers to being manifested in practice or action. [7] While this may be true in part with what is presented here, the finality of it cannot be adhered to as there is something beyond just the practice of works. There is a layer that has to be addressed prior to the works portion. It reveals an internal striving; a yearning to exceed outward that drives the aforementioned application of practical holiness. From this viewpoint, there must be definition and understanding of how practical holiness formulates before the method of its revelation through man can be discussed. With regard to the pointedness the topic deserves, JC Ryle provides an ample summation to the breadth of the subject matter. “What then is practical holiness? It is the habit of being of one mind with God as found in Scripture. It is to endeavor to shun every known sin, and to keep every known commandment. It is to strive to conform to the image of Jesus Christ. It is to follow after meekness, long-suffering, gentleness, patience, kind tempers, and control of the tongue. It is to bear much, forbear much, overlook much, and be slow to talk of standing on one’s rights. It is to follow after temperance and self-denial, laboring to mortify the desires of the body, to crucify the flesh with its affections and lusts, to curb passions, and to restrain carnal inclinations. It is to follow after charity and brotherly kindness, after a spirit of mercy and benevolence towards others. It is to follow after purity of heart, seeking to avoid all things that might draw one into it. It is to follow after the fear of God as well as humility. It is, in lowliness of mind, to esteem all others better than oneself. It is to follow after faithfulness in all the duties and relations in life, as well as spiritual mindedness. There is an aim to live like one whose treasure is in heaven, and to pass through this world like a stranger and pilgrim travelling home.” [8] Indeed, beyond the grandeur of terms depicted, there is a simpler result within it, as Spurgeon recognized when he stated, “practical holiness is a very precious mark of grace.” [9] Such grace imparted by a holy and loving God endeavors one to seek out what is beyond one’s own nature, and find a shadow of true reality as a precursor to an eternal home with Him unimpeded by sin. Holiness asks for no more yet demands no less. God’s Primary Attribute In relation to God, the word holiness has two significant meanings. God is transcendent over His creation as well as His creation’s corruption. The word transcendence is derived from the Latin verb transcendere that means going beyond, rising above, or exceeding over something. It is an infinite and unconditional that goes beyond finitude and determinacy. [10] Being Creator, God is above all His creation and completely distinct from every created thing. The distinction between God and the rest of His creation is not only quantitative, being the same, yet greater, but also qualitative, where God is a totally different being. Regardless of their beauty, any and all other beings on earth or in heaven are just creatures. God alone is God, transcendent, separate, and completely unapproachable. The most grandiose angel that is within the presence of God is no more like God than the smallest bacteria that dwells upon the earth. There is no comparison to God. Holiness is the foremost attribute of God and the greatest truth that can ever be learned about Him. All other attributes are simply an expression of His holiness. Those attributes demonstrate His distinctness from His creation, absolute separateness, and a completely different being. The holiness of God also calls attention to the fact that He transcends moral corruption as shown by His creation and is removed and separated from all that is sinful. God cannot sin, cannot take pleasure in sin, and cannot have fellowship with sin. Holiness also has a preeminence in that no other attribute is spoken of so often and elucidated in the Bible. What is understood about this attribute influences every aspect of a relationship with God. Every expression of every attribute of God flows from His holiness. Such tributaries all reflect back upon this distinctness. There are well-known theologians such as Jonathon Edwards, who define His attributes within the context of two categories, natural (inwardly in Him) and moral (outwardly to the Creation). Other distinctions that regard the same type of division include absolute and relative, communicable and incommunicable, and universal and particular. [11] Natural looks to the internal aspect of God’s attributes that He alone possesses, such as being infinite, immutable, sovereign, and self-existent. Moral reflects the outward reflection upon His Creation of certain attributes, such as being faithful, loving, righteous, and good. Holiness, while given its place as a primary attribute, most often falls under the banner of being a moral attribute, and within that grouping shows to be relegated to a more inclusive “first among equals” title that allows the other moral attributes to flow through. However, in placing such parameters upon the term, it negates the function of its intended purpose, that being, representing the total sum of all His attributes. A.W. Tozar has stated, “Because He is holy, His attributes are holy; that is, whatever we think of as belonging to God must be thought of as holy…” [12] All others flow through His holiness. His love is like no other love. His power is unlike any other ever. The truth of God’s perfection, eternal nature, self-existence, immutability, omnipotence, omnipresence, and omniscience are all expressions of His holiness. His righteousness is not controlled by a law or decree of righteousness beyond or above Himself. He is righteous in being and action by virtue of His holiness. God is holy, and when he relates to the lost his holiness is seen as wrath. Conversely, when he relates to the elect, his holiness is seen as mercy. Man’s Responsibility to Personal Holiness In today’s culture of Christianity, the sense of responsibility holds to two principles, theory and practice. In theory, there is the idea of accenting to the knowledge imparted by pastors and leaders and putting that into practical works though a variety of endeavors within the church and throughout the community surrounding it. The structure of this scenario points to a replicating cycle but one in which, due the content of the information and instructions, lends itself to a level of assumption in doing what is “right”. Such good intentions are not biblical. Intention in doing what is reasoned as being right never supersedes, out-weighs, or replaces what Scripture says to obey. Doing so diminishes God and His Word on many levels. There are three questions one has to ask when contemplating this scenario. What comes to mind when one thinks about God? How does one know? How is one sure? Man’s idea of God must correspond to the true being of God. Low views of Him are idolatrous and sin of the greatest magnitude. When one imagines things about God and act as if they were true, it pollutes the fountain of Christianity. Even worse, having views other than the highest attainable by man in a corruptible body, one is guilty of sin for believing a lie. When one surrenders a high opinion of God in any way, they have sinned and made God into something detestable. Man’s heaviest obligation is to raise and purify his concept of God to a worthy place, and that is done through His word. If the answer is wrong to the question, who is God, everything else falls apart, it crumbles, and the foundation has been destroyed. David Wells explains it well when he states, “The loss of the traditional vision of God as holy is now manifested everywhere in the evangelical world. It is the key to understanding why sin and grace have become such empty terms. What depth or meaning can these terms have except in relation to the holiness of God? Divorced from the holiness of God, sin is merely self-defeating behavior or a breach in etiquette. Divorced from the holiness of God, grace is merely empty rhetoric, pious window dressing for the modern technique by which sinners work out their own salvation. Divorced from the holiness of God, our gospel becomes indistinguishable from any of a host of alternative self-help doctrines. Divorced from the holiness of God, our public morality is reduced to little more than an accumulation of trade-offs between competing private interests. Divorced from the holiness of God, our worship becomes mere entertainment. The holiness of God is the [foundation of reality]. Sin is defiance of God’s holiness, the Cross is the outworking and victory of God’s holiness and faith is the recognition of God’s holiness. Knowing that God is holy is the key to knowing life as it truly is, knowing Christ as he truly is, knowing why he came, and knowing how life will end.” [13] Where does this leave man, who replaces the “is”, a direct command to obey in the Word, with the notion of “ought”, man’s reasoning unto sin? How can one come to grips with the reality of what is at stake when holiness is ignored? Without order there is chaos, and without law there is lawlessness. The witness of this reality recognizes the need for law to set boundaries for the purpose of structure and balance. The Law as given by God through His Word provides such a purpose. Through the examples given, a sense of acknowledgement berths the need of being held responsible. In Numbers 20, followed up with Numbers 27, shows God commanding Moses to take the rod that he had and speak to a rock. Doing so would produce flowing water for the people. However, after assembling the people, to whom he called “rebels”, Moses proceeded to strike the rock twice to produce the water, the same rock that Paul identified as Christ Himself for 1 Corinthians 10:4. In Numbers 20:12-13, God declared that Moses lack of belief was a sign of not treating Him as being holy., the result of which was being withheld from the promise land. Moses act of disobedience was seen by God as an act of unbelief. Such irreverence to God held said consequences. In 2 Samuel 6, shows the ark being moved by David and his assembly of 30,000 Israelites to Jerusalem. The ark itself symbolized the very presence of God, a holy artifact. Instructions were previously given in how it should be transported, with poles through rings attached to it by a select group of people. However, the method in which it was being taken back was by an ox cart. When the oxen stumbled and caused the ark to tip, Uzzah took it upon himself to place his hand out and upon the ark to steady it from falling, and God struck him dead instantly. Uzzah’s irreverence to God’s holiness cost him his life because his intention was maligned by thinking he was holier than the earth he walked upon, even though the earth has never disobeyed God. Something common coming in contact with something so uncommon imparts a dangerous malady, and serves notice to understand such consequences in doing so. The standard by which the law gives in recognizing the holiness of God is qualified by such swift actions when men are lackadaisical in revering God in such a manner as previously described. It is quantified in the New Testament passage of Matthew 7:13-14 with its mentioning of the gate that is wide for those who are heading towards their destruction. The relationship of man to God through the blood of His Son brings into existence a bond that cannot be dissolved, disavowed, or denied under any circumstance. It is a connection that bears the weight of ignorance and indifference at any given time for the fact that a holy God imparting the Holy Spirit upon His children creates a uniqueness unlike any other that fortifies and draws the person unto His Person. The solidarity of such a connection bore ultimately brings into illumination the realization of adhering to the want and desire to seek out a closer relationship no matter the cost. It is a guiding governance of man that the holiness of God imparts. It is an obligation that holds no forbearance on the part of the person partaking in the will of God. As shown in Isaiah 6, there is a humility born of being in the presence of holiness that seeks to deny self in recognizing sinfulness in the flesh. Esteeming the One that embodies holiness rectifies the need to feel better about oneself. It is the measurement and testament to the true gospel of Jesus Christ over the need for tradition and practice devised by any church leader. It is the realization of personal awareness in the disposition and execution of worship unto the Lord. Taking hold of such holiness is the actualization of fear in the production of obedience, as it is stated in Scripture, “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge.” [14] Holiness also necessitates man’s sanctification as its firm foundation. As God is holy, in conforming to the image of His Son, so, too, must man be holy. However, in saying something to accomplish and not give instruction as to how one accomplishes it is manipulative at best. If man must be holy as God is holy, in what way does it abide? According to Thomas Watson, it is in two things, our suitableness to God’s nature, and in our subjection to his will. Suitableness is a qualification met to be able to love what He loves and hate what He hates. Subjection to His will is an imputation of holiness to have the desire to remain under the throng of His decrees. Going forward, in relation to His creation, God’s design is to make a people like Himself in holiness, which in turn draws God’s heart to man. His holiness is the only thing that sets man apart from a fallen and sinful world. It is an honorable title that gives boldness with God. Without it, portions of Scripture, such as Matthew 11:12 are rendered obsolete. In the peace of holiness there is a path which leads to heaven. One must go through the temple of holiness to get to the temple of heaven. To resemble oneself as such in relation to God, it requires first the washing of blood of the holiest One of all. Beyond, or rather in addition to this, prayer for a holy heart is imperative as well as keeping company with those who seek after holiness with zeal and passion. [15] Under the umbrella of sanctification, holiness is a work of gradual progression developed under hindrances, hence the frequent admonitions to watchfulness, prayer, and perseverance. [16] It is also piety towards God, fidelity in observing the obligations of holiness. [17] In its relation to Christians the idea of holiness meets them in the New Testament in a sense that is characteristic and distinctive. Christ’s people are regularly called “saints” or holy persons, and holiness in the high ethical and spiritual meaning of the word is used to denote the appropriate quality of their life and conduct. [18] Issues Regarding the Absence of Holiness In the absence of holiness is sin, man’s only state of being apart from God. Indeed from Scripture there is this, “that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” [19] Apart from holiness, there is complete corruption inherent to man’s life, nature, and his very being. The basic nature of the sinfulness of man has the desire to do away with God. Man wants nothing to do with God in any form or function so he can live life as he wants. In this, man sees God as restraining him from living life as he wants to live it. To such a person, change is a good thing and preferable as the situation or experience dictates. There can be no rigid or firm rules set in place as it negates the freedom of choice. Even in discovering such a position, with the realization of deciding the way he should go will have consequences, man still is ardent in keeping to his ways. The declaration of the sinfulness of man is seen in culture through a kaleidoscope of rendered actions. Lawlessness in sexuality, which would be anything outside of marriage, is a rampant example of such a declaration. Another area most do not even recognize is one that comes from a lack of self-governance. When a people cannot govern themselves through internal conscience endeavors, they will be governed by more laws externally placed by another authority, such as government. From such a declaration derives the evidence of the magnitude of the sinfulness of man. The depravity of man’s mind is that in which logic and reason are wholly corrupted. The mind processes items that are a detriment to the body and twists them into believing it is actually good. In the same line of thought, that which is good is thought to be a detriment, thus the latter portion of Romans 1 is fulfilled continually with each person who follows suit. John Stott notes the following observation, “Much that we take for granted in a ‘civilized’ society is actually based upon the assumption of human sin. Nearly all legislation has grown up because we simply cannot be trusted to settle our disputes with justice and without self-interest. A promise is not enough; we need a contract. Doors are not enough; we have to lock and bolt them. The payment of fares is not enough; tickets have to be issued, inspected, and collected. Law and order are not enough; we need the police to enforce them. All this is due to our sin. We cannot trust each other. We need protection against one another. It is a terrible indication of what human nature is really like.” [20] Judgment born of God’s just nature is the embodiment of who He is. There is not something external to Him, as in a law that is above Him that He has to abide by. There is no standard, principle, or outside rule He must adhere. His just judgment comes from who He is. God is independent of all things apart from Himself. His self-existence is the foundation of all qualities and standards. His standard of holiness is that which all other created things in the universe are measured and judged by according to its submission or rebellion. As such, the punishment or reward is merited out on the basis of the conformity to His image. His judgment is good and right. He does not punish the innocent nor does He reward the guilty. In a world full of injustice, God is the standard of justice that bears the only weight. The throne in which He sits is a judgment throne according to Romans 14. In 2 Corinthians 5 it is the judgment throne of Christ. Through these descriptive texts, it confirms that judgment comes by the fullness of God’s deity in holiness and righteousness. Judgment for sin cannot be denied its place of activity if the created universe is to be restored in holiness and righteousness. In that, there is a standard, not of the one who was the worst offender of God, who was the vilest human ever on the planet, or who had the most wickedness of natures. The standard on judgment day is the most righteous man who ever lived on the planet. It is a verdict He will deliver, not like any judge sitting on the bench today, for such men are still corrupt in the thought process and logic, rather a justice infinitely beyond scope in goodness, knowledge, and holiness. Such a ruling comes by denying the Gospel of Jesus Christ, thus denying His holy nature, which is the fruit of a sinful nature. In this, the self-righteous nature of man does not consider himself as being subject to just condemnation. The revelation of this justice finds one portion in judgment is impartial as it is according to truth. There is only one truth and because of this, there can be no escape from it. In human jurisdictions, a guilty person may get away with a crime if his offence is not known, if he escapes beyond the bounds of the jurisdiction, if there is some failure in the legal process after his arrest, or if he escapes from custody and hides from officers of the law. True justice can only be dispensed when there is full knowledge of all the facts in the case. Since omniscience inheres in Deity alone, it follows that true justice can only proceed from Him. [21] Another portion is that the judgment is absolute. There is no meeting in the middle through dialogue or negotiations. There is not plea of “no contest” to escape the wrath of punishment. It is a resolute ruling that discerns the guilty from the innocent. Conclusion It has been said that the image of God should be reflected in the image of man. What is not discerned from this is the fact that most assume the reflection is a mirror as opposed to a picture. As mentioned before, many professed Christians believe God to be man-centered and live their life accordingly; doing the “best” they can in whatever situation they find themselves in. In this comes the idea of intention which is not a biblical standard of practice apart from showing the consequences that follow after it. The book of Proverbs states that “it is not good for a person to be without knowledge” [22] as “the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.” [23] Many churches hear the cry of the leaders and, subsequently, the congregation that doctrine isn’t as important as Jesus, that doctrine does no good for the most part in that it makes too many people either bored or keeps them from acting out their faith. Obviously Scripture speaks otherwise. The doctrine of holiness is a divine discipline that Christians must know in order to pursue after it and abound in it. Holiness must be the supreme goal of Christian living because it is the supreme attribute of God. Living a life apart from holiness belies all other Scripture taught to believe and follow. The Holiness Of God Religion Essay

India, Known for Outsourcing, Expands in Industry Case Study

Introduction The India’s economic liberalization policies have created a competitive economic environment for growth and trade over the years. Basically, the India’s economic growth has been possible as a result of the expansionary policies geared towards sustainable trade in a friendly market. This analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the importance of international economics, the principle of comparative advantage, and modern trade theory from the article, “India, known for outsourcing, expands in industry”. International economics, comparative advantage, and modern trade theory The article shows that a good economic policy model should have five key attributes to spur growth and attract economic boom. Same as the situation in India, it should have a good management system for its public and debts finances. The second aspect considers arrangements that ensure stability in monetary policies. Thirdly, a government has to create incentives that help in modeling domestic and international economic development goals. Fourthly, the economic system shouldensure that there is creation of an independent system of operation. This helps in setting and dealing with the economic policies that create desirable trade conditions in the economy. The last aspect under consideration is the development of a well established security market by the government to ensure sustainability of its economic development policies, targeting the global market (Giridharadas, 2006). The increase in demand from the domestic consumers as well as the international consumers may catalyze any growth in trade. International demand is stimulated by improved terms of trade between the home country and other countries. Moreover, a rise in factor productivity may ensure that the trade is sustainable, as is the case in India (Giridharadas, 2006). As stated in the modern trade theory, the current modernization strategies by the developing India and the rapid growth of capital have contributed to the mobilization of capital from the domestic and foreign sources. On the other hand, the comparative advantage holds in the current economic climate of India. In fact, under comparative advantage, trade has become advantageous between India and other parts of the world due to incentives such as tax holidays, cheap labor, and support given to investors (Giridharadas, 2006). Besides, the comparative advantage has inspired differences in price and skills mix that can be attributed to the current affordable cost of doing business in India. Comparative advantage and increased domestic employment Reflectively, production factors remain different in countries. These factors of production are the basis of trade between countries. For instance, India has plenty of labor while the United States has plenty of capital. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through trading on these grounds, India and America may narrow their differences in wage. India may provide cheap labor in exchange for capital investment in different sectors. As a result of capital investment from foreign countries in India, the domestic employment rate will increase as companies will employ more local workers (Giridharadas, 2006). Basis of comparative advantage in the US The US has a massive capital accumulation which is a vital factor of production. For instance, the composition of the United States’ resources explains its imports and exports composition, especially to other parts of the world. Specifically, under individual sector scrutiny, it is apparent that trade has become more of a partnership function than mere exchange of goods and services (Giridharadas, 2006). These partnerships also deal with social aspects of trade. Apparently, the famous AGOA trade pact between America and its partners has been very helpful to the parties due to the benefits of comparative advantage on trade. Conclusion From the above reflection, it is apparent that international economics come into play in the global trade arena. The aspects of comparative advantage and modern trade have placed India in a strategic global trade position. Reference Giridharadas, A. (2006). India, known for outsourcing, expands in industry. Retrieved from