African Slavery and the Slave Trade African Slavery and the Slave Trade was one of the most devastating events that took place between us African Americans. African slavery all began back in 1482 when the Portuguese built their first permanent trading post on the Western Coast of present day Ghana. The Eliminate castle later became one of the most important stops on the route of the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Dutch seized the fort from the Portuguese in 1 637 and traded slaves there until 1872 when they surrendered to the British.About ten million African slaves ere kidnapped; usually from peaceful tribes because of their lack of defense.
“The captured slaves were forced to march to the Atlantic coast which at times was over one hundred miles (A. Duennas, W. ). ” Upon arrival at the castle the slaves were then kept in dungeons and sometimes spend months chained up while awaiting shipment. Female slaves were raped by castle governors while awaiting shipment. When the next slave ship arrives and prices were finalized the slaves were then made to walk through the door of “NO RETURN”.Slaves were then forced to board the slave ship to their new oral.
Slaves were then shipped to the Americas. Slaves were kept in appalling conditions under the deck with just left x in for men, Ft 1 Non x Fit in for women and babies. “Upon arrival in the Americas slaves get inspected and sold to their new owners. (A. Duennas,W). ” The new owners then hold auctions to sell the slaves for a profit to slave buyers; younger slaves cost more money at auctions. On the day of auctions, slaves were showcased for bidding in public and sold to their masters.
The newly bought slaves were then put to work on a large plantation 24/7 for $0. 0. Female slaves were raped by their masters and forced to bear their rapist children. The most popular method used in whipping the slaves was by tying them to a tree. Others were severely beaten and left to die. Back in Africa, local warriors fought a fierce battle against the Europeans to stop colonization by the Europeans. “In 1879 Southern Africa in the Zulus fought a fierce battle against the British in attempts to end colonization in that region (P.
Manning)”.Yea Assassinate in 1 900 led a rebellion against the British, but was captured in Attlee and exiled to Seychelles where she died. The slave life was not anything that you would like to experience. They had slaves doing different things and they had different areas for each such as house slaves and field slaves. House slaves were the ones who usually had the better living; better than field slaves. They usually had the advantage to better food and were sometimes given the family’s hand-me-down clothing. Their living adjustment was also improved than those of other slaves.
In some cases the slaves were treated like the slave-owners children.When this appended close bonds of affection and friendship usually developed. Even though it was illegal, some house slaves were educated by the women in the family. Trusted house slaves who had provided good service over a long period of time were sometimes promised their freedom when their master’s died. However, there are many cases where this promise was not kept. Field slaves were in the fields from sunrise to sunset and at harvest time they did an eighteen hour day. Women worked the same hours as the men and pregnant women were expected to continue until their child was born.
Slavery was so out of hand and it went on for many years until on the 23rd of September, 1 862 when Abraham Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation(P. Manning)”. The statement said that all slaves would be declared free in those states still in rebellion against the United States on 1st January, 1863. The measure only applied to those states which, after that date, came under the military control of the Union Army. It did not apply to those slave states such as Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri and parts of Virginia and Louisiana, that were already occupied by Northern troops.It was not until December 1 865, when the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution had been passed by the House of Representatives and had been ratified by the required number of states, that slavery was finally abolished every. Veer in the United States.
In conclusion, I am going to leave you with this. We should all love one another. To understand slavery here is a little something to help you remember. You should not forget where you came from because we have come from a mighty long way. Like MILK said, free at last, free at last, thank God almighty we are free at last.
The Chronicles of a Leader Journal Overview 1 The Chronicles of a
The Chronicles of a Leader Journal Overview 1
The Chronicles of a Leader Journal Overview 4
The Chronicles of a Leader Journal Overview
Professor: Louisa Okochovwera
Chronicles leader journal is an article that gives healthcare professionals the humble chance of writing healthcare related articles. Healthcare mangers play a great role in ensuring, management and technological aspects of healthcare facilities are well managed at a lower risk, thus ensuring a safe healthcare future. This team is essential in evaluating the general standard of an efficient healthcare in terms of management, designing and implementation of the strategic plan. In this essay I am going to give a personal account on what is SWOT, how to analyze it, its effects on the healthcare organization and it plays a great role in defining a leader based on different leadership theories.
In as much as many managers don’t appreciate self-reflection as key in their management skills, it is a crucial tool to effective leadership. Not, only do self-reflection helps one to gauge himself on leadership scales, but also helps in the general understanding of other people including those that he is leading (Sherman, 2016)
SWOT analysis entails, a careful examination of the hospital’s internal strengths and weaknesses, opportunities for its expansion and threats from the surrounding environment. The main aim of SWOT analysis is to maintain equilibrium between the organization’s internal environments to the external environment and try to maintain it over time. In short, SWOT analysis is an introductory decision making tool before setting up the objectives and actualizing on the real hospital plan.
Formulating one requires several steps that can be summarized into four main ones: Step one of SWOT analysis involves sequential collection of relevant data which can be informs of demographics, healthcare funds, medical equipments and patient health status records and evaluating it. The second step involves, analyzing, the collected data and then sorting it into four sections, namely; strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Strengths and weaknesses come from within the healthcare facility while opportunities and threats come from the external environment of the healthcare surrounding. Developing a SWOT matrix, is the last step which involves critical decision making, in determining which is the best suited strategic plan to be adopted.
Significance of SWOT Analysis under the Healthcare Sector
Healthcare strengths include use of modern efficient equipments, incorporation of the state of the art technology, and diversifying on community based projects under competent clinicians in order to outsmart their competitors. On the other hand, weaknesses affect the healthcare development negatively. Some of the healthcare weaknesses can be; use of outdated facilities, poor communication methods and lack of integration of community based projects.
Opportunities and threats always come from the external environment. They can either shape up the organization or bring it on its knees depending on how strategic management is going to handle it. A hospital may decide to partner with its competitor hospital in order to raise its operating standards. On the same note, a hospital can be overwhelmed by massive turn out of patients beyond its capability. (Van et al., 2012)
According, to Carl White, a health care executive; there are many significant challenges facing efficient delivery of healthcare services to the general public. To mitigate these challenges, SWOT analysis is seen as the necessary precursor prior to coming up with a good healthcare plan. It gives deep insight concerning, the general healthcare objectives, defines the path to be taken in achieving these objectives and gives solutions to a gap created between the laid objectives and the expected outcomes.
Sherman, R. (2016). Leading a multigenerational nursing workforce: Issues, challenges and
strategies. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 11(2).
Van Wijngaarden, J. D., Scholten, G. R., & van Wijk, K. P. (2012). Strategic analysis for health
care organizations: the suitability of the SWOT‐analysis.The International journal of health
planning and management, 27(1), 34-49.