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Advantages and disadvantages of investing in China

‘BRIC countries’ is the term that was mentioned first time in 2003. It means the four countries’ group: Brazil, Russia, India and China. These countries are at similar stages of economic development and they attract a huge investors’ attention from all around the globe. The analysts who’ve created the BRIC term forecast that China and India will become the world’s dominant suppliers of manufactured goods and services, respectively, while Brazil and Russia will become similarly dominant as suppliers of raw materials. Brazil, Russia, India and China account more than 40% of the worldHYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population”‘HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population”s population at the moment and according to the special forecasts their combined economies will overcome the current richest countries’ economies by 2050. But we should emphasize that the BRIC countries are an emerging economic group (or bloc) and they do not form any kind of association or a political alliance. I should note that international investment has to be reviewed in a great detail. An investor needs to have a clear understanding of what makes the international investing practice different to the local one. The risks usually balance the potentially high rewards of investing and they may vary by country. The potential risks may reduce the investment to zero overnight. These possible risks of investing overseas include: Currency risk (the fluctuations of exchange rates); Lack of local knowledge and communication. The local news relevant to your investing field may be difficult to pick. The contact persons (for example, a colleague or a friend), who are able to advise you of what is going on in the field is very advisable to have. Government policies risk. These emerging countries government policies could be very different to the western countries and you must take that into the account. As an investor, you need know the specific situations with government policies within the markets you are looking to invest in. In Brazil, Russia, India and China government policies are uite different and government framework may not be as you might expect; Taxation changes. Every country has its own taxation system and it usually changes on a regular basis. The successful investor has to be fully aware of the taxation in the local market and also check the possibility of a double taxation agreement between the countries you are investing in and your resident country, because it may have a significant effect on your returns. Advantages and disadvantages of investing in China vs. India There is a high grown potential both in China and India and their industrial bases are expanding very rapidly. Let’s start with China – one of the fastest growing economies in the world and its actually the worldHYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lists_of_countries_by_GDP”‘HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lists_of_countries_by_GDP”s second largest economy after the US. This country is also the largest exporter and second largest importer of goods in the world and it became the world’s top manufacturer in 2011. Despite the government control over all areas of the Chinese economy, there are few very substantial advantages of investing in China. First of all, China’s market is a very attractive target market for international investments because of its huge potential consumers number (China’s population currently counts 1.2 billion people). The living standards of China’s population are constantly improving. Among the other tendencies, an increasing purchasing power of women can be mentioned. Therefore investing in the companies with safety and health image will help to build the trust with this consumer group. Second main advantage is the stability of China’s economy. Among the substantial disadvantages of investing in China the government’s policy can be named in the first place. You should never underestimate the political risk that can influence most of businesses there. Although the Chinese economy was opened up for the international investors, there are some cultural issues and human rights issues that turn away the international business from dealing with this country’s authorities. (Rein S., Jul. 20, 2010). Now let’s compare the investing climate on China to the India’s investing conditions. According to the latest economic statistics, India was called 11th largest economy in the world by GDP and 4th largest by Purchasing Power Parity. Foreign investors are increasingly attracted by the strong India’s industry, increasing consumer confidence. This country was named has been ranked at the second place in global foreign direct investments in 2010 and will continue to remain among the top five attractive destinations for international investors till 2012. (Investing in India, Apr. 6, 2011). Major advantages of investing in India also include a huge population (the second largest in the world, about 1, 12 billion people) and the largest young workforce at the same time. Besides it, India also has the most stable banking-financial system which guarantees a good financial discipline. Despite the fact that India’s economy is boasting, it faces the lack of fossil fuel resources (on the opposite to Brazil and Russia ). Another disadvantage is the lack of infrastructure investments that causes a delay for the India’s further growth. Conclusion #1 As an executive of a large multinational company responsible for investing issues, I would advise the top management to prefer the India’s booming economy because of its rather liberal government policy and stable financial conditions. This country’s business environment seems to be more comfortable for the western investor than China’s. But the final decision will definitely depend on the investing proposal itself and all its details should be considered carefully. Advantages and disadvantages of investing in Brazil vs. Russia Let’s take a look at Brazil’s investing opportunities first. The largest economic power in Latin America, Brazil is an excellent destination for investments. It’s the world’s seventh largest by nominal GDP and seventh largest by purchasing power parity. The hyper-inflation and unstable currency situation is over and Brazil is an investment hotspot along with China and India now. The main positive characteristics of its economy are: it is oriented inside the country, it is self-sufficient in oil and it’s even a leader in alternative energy source as well. Besides it, Brazil is the large exporter of: sugar, iron ore, soybeans, orange juice, pulp, paper, and now even oil. Brazil’s agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors are among the largest and most developed in Latin America. Country’s investing attractiveness was greatly influenced (in a good sense) by structural reforms (such as improved fiscal and monetary policies – lowering inflation, reducing net, paying off loans) and increased energy independence. (Daltorio T., Jan. 11, 2010) The positive thing is also that the middle-class (i.e. a consumer audience with an average income who is able to buy the products and use the services) has grown significantly in the recent years. It has to be emphasized that one of the most liberal investment climates for international investors among the emerging countries is actually a Brazil’s one. There almost no restrictions for the outside investment in the financial market. Speaking about the negative sides of investing in Brazil, some specialists say that its stock market can go up and down like a yo-yo because it’s dominated by the changeable demand for raw materials. It can be regarded to Russia’s economy as well. (Bloch B., n.d.) Russia’s consumer market counts over 140 million people. The country has the 12th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the seventh-largest by purchasing power. Its main investing advantages are: natural resources, a highly educated workforce, and technologically advanced research and production capabilities. The political interference and regulations, economical and financial instability are the major disadvantages of investing in Russia. Some of the big companies had to leave this country because they were forced to do it. But the government policy has improved recently, so companies which had concerns about Russia’s investing climate are now looking for the opportunities to start the business there again. (Davis G., Dec. 9, 2010 ) Conclusion #2 In case of Brazil and Russia, I’m not sure which country to prefer as the investing target market, because these countries both have similar advantages and risks. Probably, the competitive advantages of Brazil are its government effective policy and the lower level of corruption in society. And finally, I need to remind here the main rule of any successful investment that is not to put “all of your eggs in one basket”. So, in order to minimize risks, you should strategically spread your investments among few business projects and countries/regions.
SOC 4492 ISU Facts of The Crime and The Criminal Background Discussion.

I’m working on a sociology report and need guidance to help me understand better.

What you need to do is explain Robert Black crimes. Answer the following questions based on information from the video: 1) What are the relevant facts of the crime and the criminal’s background? Look for factors that seem critical to explain the crime. 2) Present an explanation/theory of why the crime was committed. 3) Is this case similar to other case studies? How? 4) Based on your explanation, what can we do to prevent these kinds of crimes in the future? 
SOC 4492 ISU Facts of The Crime and The Criminal Background Discussion

Texas A & M International University Ethical Issues in the Real World Analysis.

Using one of the news websites from the provided list, search for a current news story that demonstrates a moral or ethical dilemma. Your current news selection must be within the last 90 days. Examine the news story. Be sure to reflect and consider all aspects and viewpoints the author provides.Briefly summarize the story and explain the moral or ethical issue/dilemma and how it relates to an ethical theory, principle, and concept or code in the course text.show a clear connection between the news story/event and the course material/ethical theory.
Texas A & M International University Ethical Issues in the Real World Analysis

“The impact on the economy of a loosening in Fiscal/Monetary policy depends more on the exchange rate regime than the slope of the IS/LM curves” Discuss Monetary policy is one of the tools that a national Government uses to influence its economy. Using its monetary authority to control the supply and availability of money, a government attempts to influence the overall level of economic activity in line with its political objectives. Usually this goal is “macroeconomic stability”. This is usually in the form of low unemployment, low inflation, economic growth, and a balance of external payment. Whereas Fiscal policy is a contrast to Monetary policy and other types of economic policies in the sense that it is a Government policy for dealing with their budget, which then determines how much it will spend on various goods and services. The amount of the budget is influence by tax returns and revenues as well as different areas of income for the Government such as Bonds and Loans to Banks. There are three main techniques used by the Government in balancing the economy. Firstly Neutral Fiscal Policy, this is when the Government is spending the same amount as it is receiving from the tax revenues collected, this them being in balance. Secondly there is the contradictorily fiscal policy; this is when the Government reduced their spending power whilst raising their taxes. Lastly there is expansionary fiscal policy, this is where the Government is spending more and decreasing the people’s taxes. The main difference between the policies mentioned is that monetary policy is largely concerned with the supply of money, launch of new interest rates, profitisation on “new” money and other factors that influence the nation’s currency. These two policies are often linked to one another however we have to reinstate that they are two different entities which are created by various individuals and agencies. Exchange rate regimes are the way a country manages its currency in respect to other foreign currencies and the foreign market. The existence of the Exchange rate regime is in place to make sure that different currencies are in the same context of other major currencies used in the work. This type of regimes is used by the Government to ensure that is variety is taking place, however we must acknowledge the importance of the foreign exchange market. There are different types of exchange rate regimes. Firstly there is the floating exchange rate; this is when the values of different countries currencies are influenced by the shifts and fluctuations in the financial market. Secondly we have the pegged float exchange rate which is where the different exchange rates are fixed and consistent irrespective of the financial markets fluctuations. In their attempt to get more money to invest, foreigners tender up the price of the specified currency, causing an exchange-rate positive reception in the short run. In the long run, however, the increase of external debt that results from determined government deficits can lead foreigners to have doubts about the specified country’s or Governments assets and can cause a down-fall of the exchange rate. Loosening the fiscal stance means the government borrows money to infuse funds into the economy so as to increase the level of aggregate demand and economic activity. In an open economy, the exchange rates and other factors such as trade balance are affected by the fiscal policy. In the case of a fiscal expansion which we are currently dealing with in this essay, the rise in interest rates which is a result of government borrowing attracts foreign investment. Loosening monetary policy is caused by an increase in money supply that shifts the LM curve to the right, thus shifting the economy from A to B with lower interest rates in the UK relative to world interest rated. Lower interest rates means a fall in the foreign exchange rate market as their is a fall in the demand for currency and an increase in the supply of pounds as UK residents now want to buy foreign financial instruments. There is therefore an excess supply of money and the Bank of England enters the foreign market and buys the excess Pounds ( i.e. selling the foreign exchange), consequently the money supply in the UK galls and the LM curve shifts back to the original position. The ISLM model thus contains a “real” and a “monetary” side, consequently letting the economist to scrutinize the impact of fiscal and monetary policy correspondingly. However, the model cannot be used to analyse inflation; in the ISLM model, the general price level is set. Loosening in fiscal policy is caused by an increase in government spending and it causes the IS curve to shift to the right. With a fixed exchange rate a country cannot run an independent monetary policy as any change in the monetary policy is fully offset by flows of funds in the foreign exchange market. with a flexible exchange rate Shift in the IS curve to the right is because as the interest rate is higher than world interest rate, the IS returns back because the higher interest rate means that there is an increase in the supply of currency in place as well as the demand resulting in a high exchange rate thus shifting the IS to the left. Also an increase in the monetary supply shifts the LM curve to the right and the economy from point of equilibrium is raised with a lower interest rate means the exchange rates decrease in value. This has more of an effect because it causes a change in the trade balance and is influential too as it also improves the trade balance. It reinforces itself in that even after the initial loosening of the Monetary policy the depreciation in Exchange rates shifts the IS curve to the right thus reinforcing the loosening. Fiscal policy is an important tool for managing the economy because of its ability to affect the total amount of output produced such as gross domestic product. An impact of a fiscal expansion is to increase the demand for goods and services. This greater demand leads to increases in both output and prices. The amount to which more demand increases output and prices depends, in turn, on the state of the business cycle. If the economy is in recession, with unemployed productive capability and unemployed workers, then increases in demand will lead mostly to more output without changing the price level. If the economy is at full employment, by contrast, a fiscal expansion will have more effect on prices and less impact on total output. This ability of fiscal policy to affect output by distressing aggregate demand makes it a probable tool for economic stabilization. In a recession, the government can run an expansionary fiscal policy, thus helping to restore output to its normal level and to put jobless workers back to work. During a boom, when inflation is believed to be a greater problem than unemployment. The government can run a budget surplus, helping to slow down the economy. Such a countercyclical policy would lead to a budget that was impartial on average. Thus with the evidence supplied throughout this essay we can conclude that to a large extent the impact on the economy of a loosening in fiscal/monetary policy depends more on the slope of the IS/LM curves, however it has it’s limitation, in the sense that the “real world” outcomes are unpredictable and fluctuant to other vitiating factors in their respective environments.

Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part II Synthesizing and Writing Due Week 5 and worth 100 points When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment ask

Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part II Synthesizing and Writing Due Week 5 and worth 100 points When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment ask.

Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part IISynthesizing and WritingDue Week 5 and worth 100 pointsWhen looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking.The assignment is divided into two (2) parts.For Part I of the assignment (due Week 3), you read a book excerpt about critical thinking processes, reviewed the Procon.org Website in order to gather information, and engaged in prewriting to examine your thoughts.* Remember that in the Week 2 Discussion, you examined the biases discussed in Chapter 2 of the webtext.In Part II of the assignment (due Week 5), you will write a paper to synthesize your ideas.Part II – WritingWrite at three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:State your position on the topic you selected for Assignment 1.1.Identify (3) three premises (reasons) from the Procon.org website that support your position and explain why you selected these specific reasons.Explain your answers to the “believing” questions about the three (3) premises opposing your position from the Procon.org website.Examine at least two (2) types of biases that you likely experienced as you evaluated the premises for and against your position.Discuss the effects of your own enculturation or group identification that may have influenced your biases.Discuss whether or not your thinking about the topic has changed after playing the “Believing Game,” even if your position on the issue has stayed the same.The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:This course requires use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). The format is different than other Strayer University courses. Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.Based on the guidelines in SWS, “A well-researched assignment has at least as many sources as pages.” Since this assignment requires you to write at least 3-4 pages, you should include at least 3-4 references.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Identify the informal fallacies, assumptions, and biases involved in manipulative appeals and abuses of language.Create written work utilizing the concepts of critical thinking.Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and informal logic.
Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part II Synthesizing and Writing Due Week 5 and worth 100 points When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment ask

Complete the following discussion post

essay help online free Complete the following discussion post. I’m studying and need help with a Business question to help me learn.

Topic: Measuring Processes
Process design and implementation is outcome driven. To achieve desired outcomes, successful process design results from an understanding of the task(s), which will complete or support the task(s), as well as any restrictions (legal, physical, or other) to the process design. However, successful design implementation depends on the use of metrics to manage and measure the process(es). With this in mind address the following questions:

Select one task that you are currently or were previously responsible for performing. Isolate the type of metric measurement used to evaluate the task process to determine if the process was being followed correctly.
Address how frequently the process was evaluated and whether the feedback provided contributed toward or detracted from a successful outcome(s) for that process. If no performance measurement was used, identify a set of measurements to evaluate the task and discuss how and why that measurement would ensure successful task completion.

Complete the following discussion post

G8 summit 2012 Analysis Essay

The G8 summit is composed of eight world economic and powerful blocks namely, United States, Russia, Germany, France, Japan, Italy, United Kingdom, and Canada. In this summit, there have been issues that arise; for instance, expansion of the membership in the forum to reflect the presence of the multi-polar world. In 2012, the G8 summit met at Camp David in the United States. The European Union was one of the participants. These members used the occasion to resolve differences among themselves and offer mutual encouragement and discuss some issues that face the entire globe like food security. Some of the agendas during this meeting reveal how leadership and initiative intertwine. These members do have to mobilize other countries worldwide in order to overcome some of the global challenges. For example, in ensuring food security, they have ensured that Asian and African countries are involved in massive agricultural activities. Notably, countries like US goes ahead to offer incentives and other support to farmers who are interested in continuous production. In addition, the members agreed to increase capital flow to African rich agricultural areas and adoption of modern technology. This was to be facilitated by the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition; this body had to mobilize and coordinate with the private sectors to alleviate close to 50 million people from poverty by ensuring a strong and inclusive economic growth. There have been also continued multilateral and bilateral relations to facilitate investment in African countries to address completely the global food security. During last year’s meeting, the members agreed to engage African leaders in understanding the challenges they undergo in realizing sustainable development. Evidently, this group has a well-organized initiative to reduce poverty level in the whole globe. Moreover, the G8 formed the Muskoka initiative to deal with global health of newborns and other children. They formed this initiative with a view of achieving the Millennium Development Goals of 2015. On the second agenda of energy and climate change, the G8 members have shown proper leadership skills by acting as examples in realizing a cleaner and safer environment. Specifically, the members have opted to implement their own energy strategies that reduce emissions into the environment and even encourage low carbon emission policies. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, they have replaced traditional fuels with renewable sources of energy to ensure sustainable and safer environment. Leadership requires the implementors to be among the first to adopt the desired changes. Therefore, the members lead by example in advising other countries to follow suit. For instance, China rate of gas and effluent emissions had attracted their attention since it is in its industrialization age. Further, the G8 have encouraged energy trade and even removed obstacles that could hinder access to the market globally. Obviously, good leadership skills require the initiator to be at the forefront in implementing a proposal, a scenario that is reflected by the G8. On the other front, these members are also employing different and diverse mechanisms to convince other countries to act in the same way. In general, this is a great initiative. Additionally, the G8 have shown great leadership skills in attempts to improve the global economy. Good leaders always involve all the stakeholders in decision-making processes before actual implementation process. They also recognize that each country world over have potentials and right measures. On the other part, the summit members recognize the need for a stable Eurozone. Specifically, the recovery of Greece’s economy and remain members of the Eurozone. The members’ agreement to act in unison to see to it that the Eurozone crisis ends signifies true leadership and initiators, who like to meet their goals and objectives. The leaders tackled the cause and strains on the Eurozone in order to ensure confidence and stable economic growth. Furthermore, the G8 are offering support for peaceful international trade and encouraging regional integration and open markets to minimize trade barriers and cost of trade. The leadership at the G8 shows concerned individuals for all. Remarkably, these members are among the world richest nations, yet they discuss issues inclusive to the poor nations. At Camp David, the US president, Barack Obama, chaired the meeting in which the interests of other regions were exclusively discussed, such as the Euro crisis. Moreover, the summit decision to support closely the economic transition in Afghanistan using their resources reveals a group that is out to ensure a stable world economy. They also offer support to the African civil society through mobilization of the private sectors to provide a suitable environment for their operation. The G8 initiatives show a group that is out to offer good leadership and, at the same time, involve all stakeholders on the ground. We will write a custom Essay on G8 summit 2012 Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The G8 meeting in May 2012 shows individuals who are truly committed in productive partnership that can help the entire globe from the economic, political, and social front. Particularly, the mobilization programs that the summit has undertaken to ensure food security and productive healthcare for the children shows that they have the power to command the people or all nations to follow suit. Particularly, these initiatives require a group that is fully committed in ensuring that they are implemented and even goes ahead to offer financial support as well as accommodating the views of the target group. Therefore, initiative and leadership are two parameters that must go together.

Strayer Univeristy Wk9 Legal Procedures for Adult & Juvenile Court Systems Paper

Strayer Univeristy Wk9 Legal Procedures for Adult & Juvenile Court Systems Paper.

Week 9 Assignment 2 – Juvenile Versus Adult Court Systems
Overview
In this assignment, you will choose a criminal case study from your own research or use one from the crime section of The Daily Chronicle website to examine the differences between the juvenile and adult court systems. You will read and summarize a case involving an adult. Then you will consider how this case would unfold differently had a juvenile committed the crime.
Instructions
Read the case information and write a 2–3 page paper in which you:

Summarize the facts of the case.
Examine how the procedure would differ if the defendant or defendants were underage when the offense was committed.
Identify and discuss how juvenile proceedings differ from adult criminal proceedings as well as the differences in charges for the same crime.
Define the waiver process of transferring a juvenile into the adult court system.
Make and support recommendations for disposition based on the assumption that each defendant in your selected case is a minor being tried as a juvenile.
Use at least three sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your source page at least one time within your assignment. For help with research, writing, and citation, access the library or review library guides. Note: Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify as academic resources.

The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:

Determine the appropriate legal procedures for both the adult and juvenile court systems to make sound decisions informed by criminal justice policy.

Strayer Univeristy Wk9 Legal Procedures for Adult & Juvenile Court Systems Paper