After reading the instructions in Lessons, create an annotated bibliography entry using a source from our library’s database pool that pertains to one of your grounds from your approved Position Outline.Annotated BibliographyGOAL: bombard yourself with information regarding your topic. You will use the grounds on your position paper outline to do your searching. Ideally, you are trying to find sources that can be used to support your grounds. But do not lose sight of the purpose of the experience – getting informed.FOUR PARTS OF AN ENTRYCitation: MLA format (8th edition); BOLDSummary: 5 – 10 college length sentences; no first person pronounsThis means you must find lengthier, comprehensive sources in order to summarize in 5 – 10 sentences. (No short readings for this assignment.) But it is also unreasonable to expect that you will read entire books, so do not use books unless you are actually reading them in full. Look for longer articles and chapters within books.Evaluation: 5 – 10 college length sentences; is this source academically reliable?Credentials of author….organization/school?Bias? Tone?Date? (is date relevant?)Kinds of sources cited within the text…are they referenced? Etc…Peer reviewed? Journal? Publisher?Statement of use: 1 – 2 sentences; is this source potentially useful to my paper?Annotated bibliography checklistüentries should be in alphabetical order, according to the first letter of the citationüno bullets, numbers, or anything funky preceding the citationüwrite in complete sentencesüavoid repetition of full citation information in the annotationsüavoid second person pronounsüavoid opinion on your part in the summary section (no position commentary anywhere)üuse a variety of academic sources (DO NOT USE: wikipedia, google, abstracts, blogs, dictionaries and encyclopedias…etc.) – stick to books, newspaper articles, and academic texts from the University databases accessed through WorldCat (on the library home page)üavoid the words “says” and “talks about” – instead, use precise verbs such as:asserts, argues, suggests, outlines, traces, hypothesizes, assesses, examines, explores, explains, recommends, finds that, addresses, points out, reveals, discloses, believes that, compares, defines, describes, proves, reasons, expresses, analyzes, advocates, rationalizes, concludes, proffers…Sample:Annotated BibliographyAldhous, Peter. “Free Your Mind and Watch It Grow.” New Scientist. vol. 199, no. 2670, 2008, pp. 44-45. Academic Search Complete. http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail ?sid=aa3d86ad-fa88-43b6-89d4-ad317dc883b6%40sessionmgr101&vid=4&hid=118&bdat a=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#AN=34369629&db=a9h.This article is an interview with psychologist Dr. Dweck. She has been studying psychology since 1972, and she is cited in almost all of my other sources. In the interview, she references her studies on growth mindsets and tells how she created a game called Brainology based on her findings that teaches kids about how the brain works in order to encourage a growth mindset. She states as well that a fixed mindset can lead to reduced resiliency and a greater chance of someone trying to cheat. That being said, she also notes that people with fixed mindsets are not always unsuccessful; however, they tend to be less successful than what they could be as well as less happy than what they could be. When asked how she has changed her own fixed mindset, she says that it was difficult, and it is an ongoing process. She says that when she went to school, her teacher arranged their seating charts based on an IQ test. This led to her believing that she was set at a certain IQ level that would never change. She says everyone, even those born with some form of a growth mindset, have to work to maintain it. When people face adversity, they have to confront negative thoughts and remind themselves that things are not concrete, and they can be improved through hard work and effort. I believe this source is very credible because it is a direct interview with Dr. Dweck who has devoted her life to studying mindsets and has done many studies on this topic. The interviewer asked good questions that allowed her to state some of this research. He also asked follow up questions that led to answers that I had not found in my own research. The interviewer seems very neutral and asks questions to better understand Dweck’s research in a non-demeaning way. I will definitely use this source in my paper. It gives me exact quotes from a credible researcher on this topic and brings it down to a more personal level.Chan, David W. “Life Satisfaction, Happiness, and the Growth Mindset of Healthy and Unhealthy Perfectionists Among Hong Kong Chinese Gifted Students.” Roeper Review. vol. 34, no. 4, 2012, pp. 224-233. Academic Search Complete. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.www .libproxy.wvu.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=2&sid =ede197a9-1d6e-417b-affb-93ba10b 974a c%40 sessionmgr102&hid=118&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d #AN=8 2153951&db=a9h.This study examined the effects of growth mindsets on 251 Chinese students who were mostly ages ten to sixteen and were deemed gifted because they excelled in one subject or another. They were each given a twenty-three-question survey to measure their levels of perfectionism, a five-question survey to measure their satisfaction with life, an eight-question survey to measure their overall happiness, and a twelve-question survey with six questions relating to having a growth mindset and six questions relating to having a fixed mindset to determine which category they fell under most. Each survey question consisted of a five-point scale ranging from one to five where one stood for “least like me” and five stood for “most like me.” Based on these results, they separated them it three groupings for comparison: non-perfectionists, healthy perfectionists, and unhealthy perfectionists. They found that healthy perfectionists were happier, more satisfied with life, and tended to have a growth mindset. Inversely, unhealthy perfectionists tended to be less satisfied with life, less happy, and more likely to have a fixed mindset. They believe that unhealthy perfectionists can be trained to develop more of a growth mindset in order to improve their overall quality of life.This study seems credible, but its results cannot be generalized over other populations because the only participants involved were gifted Chinese students. The idea that types of perfectionism is related to mindsets and happiness levels is a new and interesting variable that I feel that I can use in my paper as a supporting fact. This study cites researcher Dweck, who has been referenced in all of my other sources and seems highly credible, so I feel that their background information came from a trustworthy source. They also heavily researched the surveys they planned to use to determine which varieties of them yielded the best results in previous experiments so that their results would be as accurate as possible. Some of these surveys were originally written in English, so they had language professionals translate and retranslate them into Chinese to make sure they were simple enough for all ages to understand but also still got the exact meanings across contained in the English questions. There did not seem to be many sources of bias in this study, so I believe it is credible.I will most likely use this source in my paper but not heavily. It adds a new piece of interesting information to my topic, but there is not enough new information for it to be used as a major source of support.Claro, Susana, David Paunesku, and Carol S. Dweck. “Growth Mindset Tempers the Effects of Poverty on Academic Achievement.” Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America. vol. 113, no. 31, 2016, pp. 8664-8668. Academic Search Complete. http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid… 3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#AN=117205204&db=a9h.This study took every tenth grader in Chile into account. They had students answer questions relating to their beliefs on intelligence, such as whether they thought that intelligence was an innate ability (fixed mindset) or if intelligence can be gained through learning new things and trying challenging tasks (growth mindset). Then, information was collected on students’ test scores in math and reading on Chile’s standardized tests. Additionally, parents were asked to report their yearly incomes. First, this study found that there was a positive correlation between high test scores and children with a growth mindset. Students who believed that their intelligence level was something they were born with did significantly worse of the standardized tests. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between children’s mindsets and family income level. Families who had low incomes often had children with fixed mindsets, and families who had higher incomes often had children that had growth mindsets. Based on previous studies, poverty levels have been a very strong predictor of children’s academic success, but the correlation between mindset and academic achievement shows a correlation comparable to that of poverty. This is the first study to ever take into account the effects of mindset on a population from an entire nation. Because of the large sample size, I believe that this study is very credible. Also, one of the authors has been cited in many of my other sources, and this is not her first study on this subject. She seems very knowledgeable on this subject. She also states that while her findings are significant, they do not replace previous findings on the correlation between socioeconomic factors and academic success. I will most likely use this source because it adds another layer to my support on how praise can encourage people to try harder things and do better in their lives.Gambino, Thomas. “The Effect of Verbal Praise on Maze Completion.” Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research. vol. 21, no. 1, 2016, pp. 54-58. Academic Search Complete. http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=2&sid=61c20042-dc81-4fec-8b64-c739d 1b4f582%40 sessionmgr4009&hid=4109&bdata=JnNpdG U9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d %3d#AN=113419849&db=a9h.In this study, random participants were asked to complete a maze in five minutes. One group of participants were told encouraging things at certain time markers while they completed the maze while the other group was told they were running out of time and that they needed to hurry which caused frustration. Every participant in both groups that completed the maze did so in under five minutes; however, 55% of people in the discouraging group gave up and did not complete the maze at all. Those in the encouraging group completed the maze much faster than those who completed the maze in the discouraging group. I do not believe this source is credible. They cited many references in the background section and made their experiment based on previously done studies, but there were many sources of bias. A possible source of bias I can see is this experiment was voluntary response oriented; however, there were no incentives given for participating. The author identified a few other possible sources of bias, such as the participants being all college students and mostly Caucasian. Because of this, their findings cannot be generalized over a larger group of people, which puts a dent in their experiment’s credibility. Also, the number of participants is never stated.I will not use this source. It does not give as much information as my other sources, and the participants did not vary enough to provide accurate results.The topic OutlineTo learn how to be happy, we must learn how to live well with others, and civility is akey to that” (Forni 6). The following research project will analyze three reasons/ground-based onrespecting other people’s opinions to ascertain that civility is a crucial element for one to behappy and live well with others in the community. The research paper will investigate if beingcivil is beneficial to oneself despite the absence of reciprocation, and the doer will be happier,healthier, and more content in abiding by the rules.Ground #1 – People who respect other people’s opinions have a more peaceful life and thushappier in the long-term.Ground #2 – A person who respects other people’s opinions is more open-minded to new ideas;this quality aids in being more agreeable, thus able to live well with others and live a happier andhealthier life.Ground #3 – When people respect each other’s opinions, they can abide by society rules; hence,there is less conflict in society.Formal ProposalIntroductionWe all have different opinions in terms of religion, politics, sexual orientation, life’s views, and culture. Respecting these differences is essential for our co-existence and happiness. Additionally, it leads to an appreciation of the diversity of the people around us. Lack of this conduct leads to conflicts and disregard of others. The primary questions the research project will answer is “is civility a key element in learning how to live with other?”, “is respecting others` opinion aid in living well with others?” and lastly, “will the two help a person live a happier and healthier life?” The topic is crucial because, as a student, we spend most of our time in school where there is diversity. A school is a public place open to many from different backgrounds, races, religions and tribes. Hence, each student in the school has his or her own opinion is certain situations. Hence, one needs to respect each opinion conveyed by a particular student despite it not conquering with once opinion. Areas to Be StudiedThe areas to be studied related to my three grounds that include respect for others` opinions, elements of a happier and healthy life, and civility. First, I will assess if a person respects other people’s opinions live a peaceful and thus happier life. The paper will conquer the fact that Peace is a crucial factor for a happy life as there less social stress and increased societal and personal development. The second ground to be studied will involve the one being open-minded, which aids one to more agreeable. The research will assess if its true agreeable people live well with others; hence, their life is happier and healthier. The last ground will entail a person’s civility and its usefulness in reducing conflict in society. The research paper will assess if it is true when a person who respects others` opinions will be able to abide by society rules, and thus there is less conflict in society. Methods of ResearchI will utilize the world Cat database pool from the WVU libraries for journals and books. I will also be using scholarly journals and books from google scholar. Specifically, I will search for primary sources that relate to respecting others` opinions, happiness, and civility. The sources to be used will be recent as from 2015 to date. I use the information in my study and answer the question of the research project. ReferencesAkaiso, Louisa, and Maureen Ajudua. True Civility. 1st ed., Page Publishing, INC., 2019.Al-Ajlani, Haya et al. “What Is Important For Well-Being?”. Social Indicators Research, vol 143, no. 3, 2018, pp. 955-972. Springer Science And Business Media LLC, doi:10.1007/s11205-018-2003-3. Accessed 11 Sept 2020.Di Fabio, Annamaria, and Maureen Kenny. “Academic Relational Civility As A Key Resource For Sustaining Well-Being”. Sustainability, vol 10, no. 6, 2018, p. 1914. MDPI AG, doi:10.3390/su10061914. Accessed 11 Sept 2020.Etzioni, Amitai. “Happiness Is The Wrong Metric”. Society, vol 53, no. 3, 2016, pp. 246-257. Springer Science And Business Media LLC, doi:10.1007/s12115-016-0008-6. Accessed 11 Sept 2020.Hartley, Anselma G. et al. “Morality’S Centrality To Liking, Respecting, And Understanding Others”. Social Psychological And Personality Science, vol 7, no. 7, 2016, pp. 648-657. SAGE Publications, doi:10.1177/1948550616655359.Request for ApprovalI request your approval and permission to use this topic, “Respecting others` opinions” for my final paper, and to go forward with my research on it. Choose of the ground and do some research on it thanks
ACWHCC Japan Times article The 3 Ingredients For Happiness At Work Review
Need help understanding how to start a research question 1. State the research interest that you will explore as a research question.(on stress during pregnancy)submit the research question on a MS Word document
The question should identify the key variables.
Title each file with the leading author’s last name and the article publication year.
2. Summarize the 5 peer reviewed empirical articles
In the summary identify the key features of the
method of data collection
researcher’s interpretations of the analyses in MS Word document.
developing research question
For this discussion, answer A and B for your initial response, and then respond to two peers. Read the following essay.
A. Murray, D. (2014) The maker’s eye: Revising your own writing. In G.H. Muller (Ed.), The McGraw-Hill Reader: Issues Across the Disciplines pp. 109-113. New York. NY: McGraw-Hill. p. 113, “Writing,” Question 3: Writing an Argument: Murray suggests that revision is actually “fun” (paragraph 24).
Do you agree or disagree? Write [a response] defending your position.
Be sure to quote and cite Murray when writing your response.
Read the article carefully. Answer the question associated with the reading. (150+ words)
B. Next, describe your process in revising your paper. Did you begin with higher order (content, sources, organization) or lower order (grammar, word choice) concerns? What was the largest challenge in completing the task? What one thing about research do you believe is still challenging? What one thing did you learn that you are most proud of? (150+ words)
In 100-150 words, respond to two peers’ main posts. Offer your thoughts on ways your peer approaches the revision process. Identify any considerations or strategies that your peer may not have identified initially.
Follow introctions bellow
Role Played by Multilateral Bodies in Creating a More Globalised Economic Environment Report
Introduction Multilateral bodies play a regulatory role in the global economic environment by acting as higher authorities than their member country governments. They serve to provide a level playing field for all member states or increase the cumulative economic competitiveness of the regional blocks they cover. This paper appraises the European Union and the World Trade Organization in the context of the global economic environment. It further looks at how Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Corporations influence international business growth. Finally the paper examines opportunities and threats in the global business environment and how best organizations should respond to the identified challenges. Importance of World Trade and the World Trade Organization in the development of Global Business Opportunities World trade facilitates specialization of countries and companies by making it possible to acquire commodities not produced inside a country. World trade also allows countries and international companies to move surplus commodities to areas that a facing a high demand. Different countries have different capacities to produce commodities and possess a diverse mixture of the economic factors at their disposal (Wade, 2003). Therefore at a given time, a country enjoys an advantage while another faces a disadvantaged bargain when trading a given commodity in the international market. To protect domestic markets and earnings, countries impose restrictions to trade of certain commodities. Additionally, countries also compensate producers within their jurisdiction for the cost of production to a given extent to make the pricing of the commodities favorable in the domestic or international market. To create a level playing field for international trade, the World Trade Organization and its predecessor GATT were formed. The World trade Organization (WTO) is an agreement of member countries on common rules and regulation that govern international trade at a near global level. The WTO acts as a forum where trade disputes between member country governments are settled. The WTO continues to accept new memberships in form of countries and nongovernmental organization. The increase in membership comes with new issues and goals for the WTO. In order to protect their local industries, governments impose importation quotas on goods that disrupt local prices because their international price is lower than the local price. These quotas give a defined volume of imports that allowance to a country without inflating supply levels and hurting local prices. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Even when the price margin of domestic and international prices is desirable for importers, they cannot continue to import after the import quota limit has been reached. As a result, demand of the good in the international market, made up by importers, lowers and so does the international price. To free up trade and promote development the GATT 1947 agreement and its successor the WTO 1995 agreement generally rule out quantitative restrictions in international trade. To this end, the agreements allow the use of duties, taxes or other charges to regulate trade (Mattoo and Subramanian, 2008). The WTO aims to realize a transparent non-discriminatory import/export regulation tariff applied only at the border exit or entry. The WTO agreement emphasizes the importance of trade as a vehicle for achieving sustainable development. It covers goods, services and intellectual property. Agreements under the WTO have changed the global business environment and created new opportunities of international trade. Companies that were previously unable to increase their imports because of import quotas now have a chance to import as they wish in cases where their host countries have agreed on WTO conditions of reducing or eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers to international trade. Opening up of new markets through WTO memberships has enlarged the international commodity market (Barfield, 2001). In addition, the WTO has facilitated an inter-country dispute resolution of trade matters through its appellate body. A dispute-settlement system offering an incremental conflict resolution mechanism forms the center of the international trading order (Howse, 1999). It is made up of the Appellate body is based in Geneva, Switzerland that was established in 1995 in order to properly regulate international trade that is characterized by international trade disputes among non-governmental organizations and member country governments. International companies facing unfair trade practices have a fall back option on their governments to take up the issue of the dispute with the accused government to the WTO (Shaffer, 2001). Breakdown of international trade barriers has promoted the emergence of knowledgeable companies that can freely conduct business in parts of the world that were previously inaccessible, tapping into the various knowledge repositories and trading commodities in quantities that could not be attained before the actualization of WTO agreements. We will write a custom Report on Role Played by Multilateral Bodies in Creating a More Globalised Economic Environment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Multi-National Corporations (MNCs) within the context of international business growth Foreign Direct Investments flowing to host countries through Multi-National Corporation mainly lead to a growth in international business by directly increasing the flow of capital among nations, and import and exports of goods in form of raw materials and finished products (United Nations, 2002). Foreign Direct Investment forms a core part of the massive private investments that energizes economic growth around the globe (Dabour, 2000). FDI acts as an agent that facilitates the generation and transplanting of technology, administrative skills and associations of domestic economies to world markets. Empirical and theoretical evidence has shown that an increase in foreign direct investment leads to a sustainable economic growth. However, to sustain the growth of FDI there should be sound domestic saving performance. FDI is attracted to developing countries that demonstrate a high marginal productivity rate of capital as long as individual investments in the host country seem less risky (Froot, 1993). FDI is a form of capital movement across nations and provides unique links of integration of domestic companies in the host country with the global market. FDI move technological expertise to areas that have resources but lack the technology to exploit these resources. As a result, new economic production centres form up and add to the overall competitiveness of the global business environment (Dabour 2000). When Multi-National Corporations are productive, they add up to the average value of workers in their host countries in the same industry (Wan 2010). In addition to improving the overall value, FDI facilitates the transfer of technology that raises the stock of expertise in the host country through labour training programs and new forms of organization and managerial practices. The transferred technology leads to the development of more competitive domestic companies that grow to cover an international market. The resulting increase in productivity and growth of economies increases the demand for more goods and services and therefore leads to international business growth. Apart from introducing new technology directly to the host countries, FDI facilitates the diffusion of technology and human capital development that occurs through collaborations and positive externalities of Multinational Corporations (Saggi, 2002). Multinational Corporations have linkages with domestic firms and these linkages provide avenues for the diffusion of t the technology. Existence of multinational corporations in the host country increases the available demand for resources within the countries and this serves as an incentive for increased production of the productive resources. Presence of multinational corporations therefore leads to a clustering of related companies to satisfy the production demands of the multinational while others set up to enjoying economic benefits brought by the establishment of the multinational corporation in the domestic country. Not sure if you can write a paper on Role Played by Multilateral Bodies in Creating a More Globalised Economic Environment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The increased concentration of companies, attracts the establishment of markets to facilitate the trade among the companies within the locality and outside. The amalgamation of clustered markets around the world contributes to the overall growth of international business. Apart from contributing skills and capital to develop domestic markets, Multinational corporations perform a crucial role of breaking international trade barriers and allowing free trade of commodities in the international markets. MNC do not directly break the barriers of trade, instead they influence their host countries to allow them preferential treatment on importation or export of commodities. The MNC therefore provide domestic commodities either modified or in their raw form to the international markets at tariff free prices (Wan, 2010) In some cases, domestic products fail to reach the international market due to a lack of or poor standardization that does not meet the international market demand. FDI through MNC in such countries brings about new capacities to meet the market demands and make domestic commodities more competitive (Blomstom and Kokko, 2003). Moreover, the MNC provides an increased market presence through its subsidiaries and head companies in other parts of the world. Therefore, MNC perform the crucial role of moving technology and best practices to the countries without such capacities. Successful shift of resources from areas of production to areas of consumption forms the core of international business. The transfer of international business best practices also happens in the realm of corporate social responsibility. The global presence of MNC allow them to obtain a first-hand reaction of their ethical or non-ethical business practice and are therefore at a better position to understand the significance of the pursuance of their business strategies in relation to the effect on the communities in their production locations. MNC play a mentorship role to domestic companies, when they choose to observe ethical business practices that embrace the universal concept of social responsibility, and directly contribute to sanctification of the international business environment and indirectly through stream of the best practices to other companies in their host countries (Wan, 2010) Key Issues Associated with the continued process of European Union Economic and Political Integration Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg were the first countries to form the European Union in 1957. As of 2004, the European Union (EU) was the largest integrated grouping of the world having a population of 490 million people. The formation of the EU has led to an improvement in the economic prospects of the region. Trade among EU members makes two-thirds of the total volume of trade in the EU (Dalimov, 2009). The success of the EU has come with political and economic misgivings among member countries. New states joining the EU appreciated the new passport for their population and saw it as a positive event that will result to a rapid economic growth of these countries. The populations of the newer members of the EU therefore demonstrated enthusiasm to the new prospects presented by the integration. However, polls conducted in the EU members states during the integration of the newer member states indicate that populations of countries with superior economies in the EU were opposed to the additional integration (Dalimov, 2009). The refusal to support a further integration of the EU arise out of the fact that increasing welfare in new member states to match that of existing states happens at the expense of the economically stronger countries. The newcomer countries depend on the economically advanced countries to pull them up economically. Integration also increases the available labour pool and increases competition for employment opportunities especially for the stronger economies of the EU that attracts huge numbers of immigrants looking for employment. On the other hand weaker economies in the EU see a decrease in unemployment rates as majority of their populations move to other member states in search of jobs. The increase of labour supply has led to a decrease in labour compensation and brought up the need for special training for the population, as a result new instabilities have taken place in the employment sector within the EU. Each additional member of the EU brings in an increased supply of labour both employed and unemployed (Dalimov, 2009). The 15 strong economies of the EU do not have an economical reason to celebrate the further expansion of the EU because as it stands, they account for up to 90 per cent of the total revenues of the EU. Economic theory also disfavours the stronger states as it suggests that the less developed economies start posing higher economic growth rates than the stronger economies as they rely more on them. This forms a feeling of a parasitic relationship, among the members falling on the opposite ends of the level of development (Wallace, Wallace and Pollack, 2008). The successful integration of the EU demands that further integration occurs so that countries continue to enjoy the benefits of economic integration. From the current level of integration, further integration can only move towards a unification of economies and states according to the principle of convergence in addition to further expanding the membership. The EU faces the pressure to expand further and such an expansion is only possible through integration of other regional blocs with substantial economic power outside the traditional boundaries of the EU (Dalimov, 2009). The integration with non-traditional EU members brings out new political challenges in form of different systems of governments presented by new potential members. For example, the Turkish government prioritized the fastest entry into the EU however; it faced obstacles because it is a Muslim state while the majority of EU member states are Christian. The difference in state religion brings out a conflict of ideologies that curtails effective unification of states under one economic and political leadership. The gravity of religious matters was ruminated in 2006 by the postponement of the integration of Turkey into the EU indefinitely (Wallace, Wallace and Pollack, 2008). The EU will face economic stagnation if it does not economically integrate with other regional groupings. The size of the EU necessitates integration with a similar sized economic block as global competitiveness continues to factor majorly in the polity of the EU. Unfortunately increased expansion of the EU and unification of member state government function results to the erosion of individual state sovereignty. The democratic space within the member states shrinks as state authority in some sectors of the economy are transferred to a higher authority in the EU such as monetary and immigration control (Royo, 2005). The loss of sovereignty has led to the creation of nationalist parties that are opposed to further expansion of the EU. These parties advocate for the adoption of anti-integration mechanisms such as the restriction of entry of foreigners to the EU labour market, with the inclusion of new Member states. Nationalist are also opposed to the dissolving of national currencies and the adoption of the euro (Dalimov, 2009). The overall convergence of the EU faces challenges from the stagnation of individual countries in the implementation of policy reforms in their domestic economies (Wallace, Wallace and Pollack, 2008). The stagnation occurs in economic performance, reform of key economic sectors and political structures. A major cause of the stagnation is in the lack of a political will that is encouraged by nationalist ideologies against unification. The current division of member states into developed economies and developing economies further exacerbate the overall convergence of the union. Although the overall political structure of the EU drives a move towards overall competitiveness of the region, true progress lies in the commitment and implementation of reforms within individual economies by governments at the domestic level (Royo, 2005). The challenge of making all member states to pursue reforms of their key economic sectors and political organization is the most difficult one facing EU leaders. Without a real commitment to reforms by domestic polity and actual implementation, convergence of the EU is a mirage and the lack of progress will make the EU less competitive as it is now and result to a paralysis of institutions governing the EU (Royo, 2005). Main Opportunities and Threats Evident Within the Global Business Environment The global business environment is characterised by ever changing factors that influence decision-making of companies and their overall competitiveness. Opportunities for business growth arise in the tearing down of geographical barriers of trade through advancements in communication technology (Markusen, 1995). Companies are also developing new competitive advantages in having multinational presence that assists them in tapping into knowledge clusters that exist outside their home countries. The advent of a knowledge economy has meant that competitiveness is not only in having a geographical presence, but market intelligence from all over the globe and in fulfilling the unique needs of each market. Therefore, multinational companies cannot continue to impose business systems from their home countries to their host countries without factoring the local market structure and culture. Shrinkage of international distance through telecommunication gives domestic consumers options to enjoy international commodities at fair prices and no multinational can act independent of this fact (Markusen, 1995). The democratization of the majority of the countries in the world through globalization and the liberalization of Foreign Direct Investments in most countries has expanded the market for raw materials and finished products for companies engaged in international trade as well as increasing the pool of available labour and capital. It is much easier to navigate the international trade environment and concepts like outsourcing are making even previously local companies to assume international presence. Firms now have an opportunity to reorganize their supply chains and production systems to tap into the opportunities presented in the new global business environment (Kohlbacher, 2008). Threats facing the global business environment include internal threats to sovereignty of individual countries, global pandemics that restrict the movement of labour, new security issues brought about by adoption of new technology and political movements that advocate for the nationalism ideology. Global business environment is now hypercompetitive showing short periods of advantage that are upset frequently by unforeseen threats (Kohlbacher, 2008). Businesses respond to the above challenges by shifting their risk assessment strategies. It is no longer viable for companies to avoid certain countries because of terrorism threats. New threats affect the overall viability of the company and require a risk analysis that differentiates risks and uncertainties. Business assign probabilities to risks and can therefore position to mitigate the risk however, appropriation of uncertainties is impossible. Business cannot solely rely on their governments to manage global threats and in some cases governments’ response to threats add up as more business environment challenges (Kaynak, 1993). Businesses now approach the issue of uncertainty of threats with a four-step approach to decision-making. Making a prediction of the occurrence of the threat then obtaining further information about the uncertainty, balancing uncertainties through common business methods such as diversification, controlling or influencing events that shape up the uncertainty and finally increasing the organization’s flexibility of responding when the uncertainty occurs (Enderwick, 2006). Conclusion The international business environment is characterised by an ever-changing nature of opportunities and threats for transnational companies. Multilateral bodies have a higher authority than their member countries and exist mainly to improve the overall business environment or make their regional blocs competitive. Therefore, actions by these bodies directly affect the structure of the global business environment and affect how marketers of respective companies make decisions regarding production and distribution strategies. References Barfield, C.E. (2001) The Future of the World Trade Organization. The AEI Press, Washington, DC. [i.p 5] Blomstom, M. and Kokko, A. (2003) The economics of foreign direct investmetn incentives. Foreign Direct Investment in the Real and Financial Sector of Industrial Countries. Frankfurt, 2-25.[i.p. 8] Dabour, N.M. (2000) The role of foreign direct investment (FDI) in development and growth in OIC memner countries. Journal of Economic Cooperation. Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 27-55.[i.p. 6] Dalimov, R. (2009) The EU Economic Intergration: ‘Pros’ and ‘Cons’. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 14-15. [i.p. 9] Enderwick, P. (2006) Managing the New Global Threats. Business Review. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 63-72.[i.p. 14] Froot, K. (1993) Foreign Direct Investment, University of Chicago Press. Chicago. [i.p. 6] Howse, R. (1999) .World Trade Organization and the protection of workers’ rights. Journal of Small and Emerging Business Law. Vol. 131, pp. 1-27.[i.p. ] Kaynak, E. (1993) The Global business: four key marketing strategies. International Business Press. New York. [i.p. 14] Kohlbacher, F. (2008) Leveraging organizational capital for innovation; the process of marketing knowledge co-creation. in Bounfour, A. (ed.) Organizational Capital: Modelling, Measuring and Contextualising Routledge. New York. [i.p. 13] Markusen, J.R. (1995) The Boundaries of MUltinational Enterprices and the Theory of International Trade. The Journal of Economic Perspectives Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 169-189. [i.p. 12] Mattoo, A. and Subramanian, A. (2008) Currency Undervaluation and Sovereign Wealth Funds: A New Role for the World trade Organization. Working Paper Series. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 1-31. [i.p. 4] Royo, S. (2005) The Challenges of EU Intergration: Iberian Lessons for Eastern Europe. Jean Monnet/Robert Schuman Paper Series. Vol. 5, No. 27, pp. 1-28. [i.p. 12] Saggi, K. (2002) Trade, Foreign direct Investment, and International technology Tranfer: a Survey The World Bank Research Observer. Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 191-235. [i.p. 7] Shaffer, G. (2001) The World trade Organization under challenge: democracy and the law and politics of the WTO’s treatment of trade and environmental matters.Harvard Environmental Law Review. Vol. 25, pp. 1-97. [i.p. 5] United Nations (2002) The State, the Private Sector and Civil Society: Partnership for Development and Democracy. Capacity Development Workshop on Citizens and Governments. Marrakech. 1-7. [i.p. 6] Wade, R.H. (2003) What Strategies are Viable for Developing Countries Today? The World Trade Organization and the shrinking of ‘Development Space’. Crisis States Proogramme. London. [i.p. 3] Wallace, H., Wallace, W. and Pollack, M.A. (ed.) (2008) Policy-Making in the European Union. 5th edition. Oxford Univeristy Press. Oxford. [i.p. 11-16] Wan, X. (2010) A Literature Review on the Relationship between Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth. International Business Research. Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 52-56. [i.p. 4-8]
Hamline University EI In Effective Business Leadership Synthesis Paper
help me with my homework Hamline University EI In Effective Business Leadership Synthesis Paper.
Synthesis thinking means to form by bringing together separate parts. Synthesis is not summary. Summary is like a book report. Synthesis is unique thinking about how these articles fit together, disagree or agree with each other, or build on each other. Synthesize at least three of the readings on leadership from this week. (Articles = Goleman article + ADD new readings you find of a classic article on leadership, plus an article about an industry leader that you research and find for inclusion.)This paper should be approximately three to five pages in length. Sometimes it takes longer to write a shorter paper. Use correct APA format, including a cover page, in-text citations, and a reference page. Write in the third person. Submit this assignment to Blackboard Assignments. Plan to take extra time on this first assignment and become very familiar with the APA manual as you will need to know it for the other assignments in this course and the rest of the MBA program. Use of proper APA style will be graded.
Hamline University EI In Effective Business Leadership Synthesis Paper
SOCI101 Montana State University Sociology Statuses and Roles Paper
SOCI101 Montana State University Sociology Statuses and Roles Paper.
FormattingLength:Papers will be 800-1000 words, double-spaced, and 12-point Times New Roman font.Heading : Include a heading for your paper that has: o Your name o Section of the class you are in o Word count of your essay (calculated after you finish writing it) o Topic you selected Do not create a separate title page or a references page (any references can be listed right at the end of your paper). You must use at least two sociological concepts in your analysis. Underline the sociological concepts that you want assessed. Please note that this assessment focuses on quality , not quantity, so you want to use the concepts in as in-depth a manner as possible. Include in-text citations when needed (when the idea is not your own), but the use of direct quotes from the text is discouraged. You want to discuss content in your own words. Outside sources are not required but, if used, properly cite them.File: Save the file in one of these formats: .doc, .docx, or .pdf o Do NOT upload your file as a .pages format, it will not open———-every thing at paper please see the file <thank you >
SOCI101 Montana State University Sociology Statuses and Roles Paper
Global Mindset. I’m stuck on a Management question and need an explanation.
Understand Yourself feature gives you the chance to self-assess your global mindset. Global mindset reflects how well we influence people, groups, and organizations from a variety of backgrounds and cultures. The ability to work effectively with people from many parts of the world will help you to perform well on the job and advance your career faster. After completing the self-assessment, answer the following questions:
Do you think that your score accurately reflects your global mindset? Why or why not? What, if anything, is missing from the assessment?
How do you think that having a higher global mindset will help you to be a better manager and leader? How can this characteristic help you succeed in your career?
What might you do in the next year to increase your global mindset? Identify and discuss three specific behaviors, activities, or other things that increase your global mindset.
As you are answering these questions, try to see these issues from the perspective of how individual, group, organizational system, and technology affect the change process. Second, identify individual and group attributes that influence work behavior and organizational effectiveness. Last, look at different types of diversity and barriers to inclusion that exist in the workplace.
Please write a 750 word summary, including your actual results (scores, for example) along with your areas of strength and opportunities for growth. Submit this assignment as a Word document, using the APA format. Title page and references are not included in the 750-word requirement.