Primary Source Paper: Students in all political science classes, including this course, must complete at least one written analysis of primary sources. This assignment must be completed at midterm or later in the semester, must include analysis of at least six pages of primary sources, be properly cited, and account for at least 15% of the students’ final course grade. The primary source assignment for this course will be a 10 page paper worth 100 points. The paper in its final form will be due the last day of class. This assignment is graded by a common rubric and is used for program assessment. The primary source assignment, by requiring that students understand the historical context for the documents analyzed, recognize the importance of diverse cultures and global and historical perspectives, and evaluate and use primary and secondary sources effectively and ethically, measures the two core competencies applied to the class. This written assignment also addresses and supports the political science discipline goals: 1. Demonstrate understanding of the fundamentals of political systems and ideologies. 2. Describe and analyze the impact of historical, economic, and social forces on the operation of political systems. 3. Understand the functioning of the American system of government. 4. Understand the diversity of political systems and structures among nations, evaluate the significance of those differences, and describe the interactions among nations. 5. Evaluate primary sources in the study of politics. 6. Demonstrate effective communication skills when describing, discussing, critiquing, and analyzing political ideas and structures. 7. Demonstrate effective research skills and proper documentation of resources. Our class will be analyzing Federalist Paper 10 and Federalist Paper 51 both found in the appendix of your textbook (We The People). There will be seven elements of this paper. Please note that the following applies to all essay assignments: Each essay must meet the page requirement listed (12 point font, Times New Roman, double spaced, regular margins) not counting headings or citations. In other words, the text of your paper must meet the required page length.Superfluous wording or off topic wording will not be counted toward your page total. Essays will be graded according to the quality of the response (is it on topic, well researched, well written). Students will be marked down for typographical/spelling/grammatical errors and for incorrect citations. Introduction to the paper (1 paragraph)Historical context of the writing of the Federalist Papers. Students should include relevant history leading up to the writing of the Federalist Papers. This history should include, at a minimum, the Declaration of Independence, the Revolutionary War, The Articles of Confederation, Shays’ Rebellion, the Constitutional Convention, and the debates over ratification. DO NOT use the article by Seth Halvorson as research for this section of the paper. (2 pages, 20 points).Summary of the main points of Federalist Paper 10 (3 pages, 30 points), including in text quotations as appropriate.Summary of the main points of Federalist Paper 51 (3 pages, 30 points), including in text quotes as appropriate.Identify the specific parts of the Constitution that Federalist Papers 10 and 51 are referring to (i.e. Federalist Paper 10 discusses how a republican form of government is the only cure for faction, describe how the constitution establishes a republican form of government and otherwise attempts to cure for faction (hint: it’s not Article IV); Federalist 51 discusses the need for separation of powers and checks and balances, what specific parts of the Constitution establish and spell out these ideas). Students should make reference, where relevant, to appropriate sections of the Constitution.(2 pages, 20 points). Conclusion (1 paragraph)Reference page This paper must be cited in APA format. Please follow this guide for information on how to cite correctly https://wwnorton.com/college/english/write/writesite/research/Documentation_PDFs/APA_Guidelines.pdf.
ACT College Arlington Primary Documents in American History Primary Sources Paper
PCB 3063L West Virginia University Genetics Lab Report
PCB 3063L West Virginia University Genetics Lab Report.
For this notebook check assignment, you will be working individually to collect and analyze your data for Lab Report 1. Please answer the questions directly on the assignment word doc posted here. Please download, complete, save, and upload the word doc assignment sheet, Turnitin-enabled, single file submission:PCB3063L Online Notebook Check 1 assignment.docxYou can use your responses and the data collected on pg10-15 of your lab notebook. Feedback on this assignment may be useful to incorporate into your Lab 1 Report.Late submission is permitted, albeit at a 10% per day late penalty and the assignment will close 10 days after the deadline.
PCB 3063L West Virginia University Genetics Lab Report
You are a junior associate at the Law Offices of Robert M. Perry (one of the most prestigious law firms
assignment helper You are a junior associate at the Law Offices of Robert M. Perry (one of the most prestigious law firms in the world). Today you are called into the managing partner’s office (I’m the managing partner, in case you were wondering). I tell you that we have been retained by Paulie Prisoner, an inmate at Trenton State Prison. Paulie was convicted of Murder and is serving a life sentence. However, he wants to sue the Prison for several alleged violations of his rights. Paulie is housed in cell block D. This is the section of the prison reserved for the most dangerous convicts. Paulie tells me that there is a prison regulation (Specifically Regulation 924(c)) that prohibits inmates from receiving pornographic materials. He also tells me that his girlfriend (yes, he has a girlfriend) sent him a picture from her vacation in Jamaica. In the picture she is wearing a bikini. The prison confiscated the picture as pornographic material. Pauly also tells me that when his girlfriend comes to visit him, he is prohibited from having any physical contact because of his classification as a violent inmate. Paulie also tells me that he tried to sue the jail on his own before contacting me. He says he prepared a complaint to file in Court, but the Warden of the prison refused to forward the materials because of regulation 917(a), which gives the Warden absolute discretion as to what correspondence can be sent by inmates. The Warden noted Paulie had another inmate, Johnny Jail lawyer, assist him in the preparation of the complaint, which is prohibited by regulation 799(d). Regulation 799(d) prohibits inmates to assist other inmates in any legal matters. I ask you to research four questions: 1. Has the Prison violated any of Paulie Prisoner’s rights by refusing to provide him with the photograph his girlfriend mailed to him? 2. Is the prison permitted to prohibit any physical contact during his visits with his girlfriend? 3. Can the Warden refuse to forward his Court documents? 4. Is the prison permitted to prohibit inmates from assisting other inmates in legal matters? I also ask you to put your answers in a research memo. I’ve attached a sample memo from a case in Chapter Two. This is the format I want you to use. Take a look at the substance. This is what I expect. For each question you should review the legal authority in your memo, then review the arguments Paulie can make. You should also tell me the likelihood of the argument’s success. Use the cases from the textbook to support your arguments. There is no maximum/minimum number of pages, but I expect you to fully answer the questions.
The Successor by Roderic Ai Camp Critical Essay
The Successor is a political thriller written by Roderic Ai Camp, published in 1993. The story revolves around the political situation in Mexico in the 90’s. Though the novel is fictional it seems like it Camp was much inspired by the political conditions of Mexico and this is reflected in the novel. Kent Cornett is the protagonist of the novel who is a U.S. college professor conducting a research on the on going Presidential elections in Mexico. The professor soon learns that the candidates who are to succeed the current president have their own dark secrets and propaganda. Roderic handles the subject of the novel with proficiency and provides an insight in to the political situation in Mexico in the 1990’s. He is able to do justice to the novel because of his deep understanding of Mexican history and culture. The protagonist of the novel is much like Camp and it is through him that the ideas of the author are conveyed to the reader. Since Camp has a keen interest in “Mexican politics, comparative elites, political recruitment, church-state relations, and civil military affairs” (Claremont McKenna), he is able to manipulate the political situation of Mexico in the 90’s according to his needs to fit the scenarios in his novel. When Cornett discovers the secrets, one of the would-be successors becomes his enemy turning his life upside down. After that he lives under constant threat from the successors and is only able to survive with the help of an American ambassador, who is also the brother of Gina, a beautiful divorce whom Cornett loves. The theme of tyranny and control is dominant in the novel. Political allegory can also be found in the novel as the political events that take place in the novel reflect one event or another that took place in the political situation of Mexico. The element of love and sacrifice can also be found in the story. The affection that Cornett shares with Gina is genuine and the kindness that Gina shows toward Cornett is humane. It is Gina who convinces her brother to help Camp and it is because of this help that Camp is able to survive the dangerous situation that he is in. The novel begins with a tyrannical situation in which a woman is being brutally tortured by a person who appears to be strong and is content controlling the weak. This shows that this character is power hungry and does not hesitate torturing the weak to get total control over things. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The woman who is being tortured by this person appears to be helpless and weak. She is tied down and is already injured. This reflects the helpless population of Mexico that was ruled by tyrants for a long time. This also symbolizes the helplessness of the Mexican population during the long rule of PRI, the revolutionary party. No mercy is shown to this woman even when she begs and when she tries to escape she is repressed. This indicates the brutal repression of the Mexican government of the protesting students who wanted to reform the political situation. The first chapter ends with the death of the woman who was being tortured. This is exactly how the then government took care of the protestors which resulted in the Tlateloco Massacre. At least 130 people were killed that day and many were arrested (Cevallos). This shows absolute tyranny and the need for power and total control. Another thing observed in the novel is that everyone who tries to help Cornett is brutally murdered. All the murders in the novel are connected to each other and well planned, for instance the murder of Antonio Ramirez and the prominent politician. They show that these people are being killed for a reason and it is no ordinary man doing it. It doesn’t take long for Cornett to realize that these murders are being carried out by someone powerful and strong and the reason behind these murders is nothing else but to secure more power and control. There is however, no proof of this because of the well organization of these crimes. This is similar to the increase in the organized crime in the 80’s and 90’s. The novel is also full of political allegory and each event in the novel is well organized. For instance, Camp writes in chapter two that, “The situation in Mexico was deteriorating quickly…Economic disaster after disaster brought the conservatives into ascendancy” (Camp 5). This reflects the economic crisis Mexico faced in 1994, due to the increased trafficking of drugs. This was mainly blamed on Salina, the then President of Mexico who was accused of being personally involved in making drug trafficking a big business and when he left the office in 1994, the country face a financial crisis as the currency collapsed (Noble). As a result the crime rapidly increased along with the opposition to the PRI (Noble). The public opposition to PRI is showed in the novel as opposition that arises after the murder of the politician in chapter nineteen in which Roderic reads the headlines “prominent politician murdered at home” (Camp 225). We will write a custom Essay on The Successor by Roderic Ai Camp specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The detail given in the novel about the Mexican government cannot be ignored as it is very insightful and reveals that the author knows what he is talking about. The dominant themes in the book are of tyranny, control, power, love, and political allegory. The book can be compared to George Orwell’s Animal Farm which reflects the political situation of Russia. However, the Successor fails to compete with animal farm as it often falls flat on dialogue and odd plot twists. Though the novel is fictional the reader can not avoid the fact that it is based on true events. Despite of the well planned plot and its association with factual events of Mexico, it fails to grip the attention of the user. However, the book does contain a lot of information about the politics of Mexico in the 90’s and before and he also gives a detailed account of the politicians and culture of Mexico. The novel can also be applied to the political situation of Mexico in the 21st century because Camp has such deep understanding of the culture political system of Mexico, that he was able to capture the state and its people as they were, as they are, and as they will be in future. Overall, the novel is very informative and well researched. It is one of the best fictional works that gives such a detailed and well laid out account of Mexico and its political situation. Works Cited Camp, Roderic Ai. The Successor. Mexico City: University of New Mexico Press, 1993. Cevallos, Diego. “tleteloco Massacre.” 1 October 2008. IPS. Web. Claremont McKenna. “Roderic Ai Camp.” 2010. Claremont McKenna College. 7 October 2010 . Noble, John. Mexico, Volume 10. Nexico City: Lonely Planet, 2006. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Successor by Roderic Ai Camp by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Mycoplasma vs Mycobacterium
Mycoplasma vs Mycobacterium. Mycobacteria are aerobic and slender, curved rod shaped species. Since they are aerobic they like to live in areas where oxygen levels are high; such as, apical or upper part of the lungs. Thus, a decrease in oxygen concentration can be dangerous for these organisms. On the other hand, Mycoplasma is a bacterial genus that has more than 100 species. It was first described in the late 1800s and members of this genus are very tiny. Even though most of the species of this genus are harmless, there are some that appear to be virulent and thus are responsible for “specific medial conditions in humans” (1). Mycobacteria cell wall is composed of waxes and mycolic acids, which makes them resistant to Gram staining; however, they can be stained acid-fast. Whereas, Mycoplasmas are gram negative bacteria and one interesting characteristic of these bacteria is that they don’t have a cell wall; which gives them an elastic shape that can vary easily (1). The unusual cell wall of Mycobacterium and the absence of cell wall in Mycoplasmas make them invulnerable to many drugs. Plus, both, Mycobacterium and Mycoplasma, grow very slow, this also accounts for the long time to make observable colonies on laboratory media. Both Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycoplasma pneumoniae are pathogenic bacterial species that causes respiratory tract disease. The disease that Mycobacterium tuberculosis cause is called tuberculosis and Mycoplasma pneumoniae are responsible for causing mild upper respiratory tract infection known as atypical pneumonia. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was first discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch and it belongs to the genus Mycobacterium; whereas, Mycoplasma pneumoniae belong to genus Mycoplasma. Atypical pneumonia symptoms are different from typical pneumonia. In addition, sometimes patients don’t even have any symptoms related to the respiratory tract. Frequently, patients remain ambulatory, therefore this condition is also sometimes called walking pneumonia. Tuberculosis (TB) is spread from person to person via air. If a person, who has TB, coughs, sneezes, or speaks, he can put M. tuberculosis into the air. If nearby people breathe in these bacteria they can become infected. On the other hand, Mycoplasma pneumoniae is also transmitted from one person to another through close personal contact by respiratory droplets. Symptoms, such as fever, chest pain and cough, can be seen after the organism is in the host’s system for 12 to 14 days. Common characteristics of walking pneumonia are that the size of alveoli is decreased due to inward swelling of the alveolar walls and alveoli don’t fill with fluid. Whereas a typical pathogenesis for tuberculosis is that once the bacteria are inhaled, they start dividing at a very slow pace inside the cells (white blood cells) that have phagocytized them. They then educe a host response such as infiltration of neutrophil and accumulation of fluid in the alveoli of the lung. The neutrophils are ruptured and destroyed by the organisms. Then, macrophages and lymphocytes come to the alveoli and phagocytize living tubercle bacilli. These organisms again divide within the new host cell and destroy it; as the phagocytes rupture they release infective organisms. This process goes on until enough cells have been ruptured and an acute inflammatory response has occurred. If lesions are not healed, they can result in tissue necrosis or harden to become chronic granulomas, also known as tubercles. These tubercles may contain live tubercle bacilli or macrophages, and lung tissues and function in these areas are permanently destroyed. Also, some tubercle bacilli can also enter lymphatic and circulatory system. They spread through the body and form numerous lesions; this condition is called military tuberculosis Tuberculosis and walking pneumonia can be diagnosed in a clinical sample such as sputum; however, since the bacteria grow very slowly sputum culturing process can take weeks before it is declared negative. Other options for diagnosis of tuberculosis are X-rays or skin test and for walking pneumonia other serologic tests are ELISA, indirect immunofluorescence, etc. But usually treatment is given based on clinical symptoms. Mycoplasma pneumoniae don’t possess a cell wall which results in osmotic instability, so they utilize sterol in their membrane for structural support. However, survival without a cell wall is not a problem for these organisms, because they live in an animal (human) host, which is osmotically stable (2). M. pneumoniae are invulnerable to B-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillin, because they disturb the cell wall and these microorganisms don’t have a cell wall (2). So drugs, such as azithromycine or fluroquinolone, are used to fight these microorganisms. On the other hand, Mycobacteria unusual cell wall hinders the access of drugs and makes many antibiotics ineffective. However, drugs such as isoniazid and rifampicin can be given to the patients for at least one year. In addition, bacillus of Calmette and Guérin (BCG) vaccine is world-widely used to prevent tuberculosis, but there is no vaccine currently available for walking pneumonia. Thus to prevent atypical pneumonia close contact with infected people is avoided. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the smallest bacterial pathogen from the genus Mycoplasma. This microorganism is responsible for causing mild upper respiratory tract infection known as atypical pneumonia. This type of pneumonia has symptoms that are different from the typical pneumonia. In addition, sometimes patients don’t even have any symptoms related to the respiratory tract. Frequently, patients remain ambulatory, therefore this condition is also sometimes called walking pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is transmitted from one person to another via respiratory droplets. Symptoms, such as fever, chest pain and cough, can be seen after the organism is in the host’s system for 12 to 14 days. Common characteristics of walking pneumonia are that the size of alveoli is decreased due to inward swelling of the alveolar walls and alveoli don’t fill with fluid. Atypical pneumonia is diagnosed “by isolating M. pneumoniae from sputum or from a nasopharyngeal swab”; however, since these bacteria grow very slowly this process can take up to 3 weeks. There are other serologic tests such as ELISA, indirect immunofluorescence, etc., but usually treatment is given based on clinical symptoms. These microorganisms don’t possess a cell wall which results in osmotic instability, so they utilize sterol in their membrane for structural support. However, survival without a cell wall is not a problem for these organisms, because they live in an animal (human) host, which is osmotically stable (2). M. pneumoniae are invulnerable to B-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillin, because they disturb the cell wall and these microorganisms don’t have a cell wall (2). So drugs, such as azithromycine or fluroquinolone, are used to fight these microorganisms. Plus, currently there is no vaccine available, thus to prevent atypical pneumonia avoid close contact with infected people. References “What is Mycoplasma?” WiseGEEK: clear answers for common questions. Web. 16 Feb. 2010. . “M. pneumoniae.” Index of /. Web. 17 Feb. 2010. . Mycoplasma vs Mycobacterium