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Accommodations for ELLs (English Language Learners)

Accommodations for ELLs (English Language Learners).

I’m working on a writing project and need guidance to help me learn.

Select an existing lesson plan that you have created or write a new plan that includes a section on accommodations specifically for English Language Learners. Include in the plan:The grade and content area in which you are pursuing licensure ( grade is EC-6 and content area is core subjects)Any staff or technology resources you will need to implement accommodationsThe theoretical approach(es) that underlie your chosen accommodationsA plan to assess learning for the ELL that is fair and equivalent while responding to the specific needs of ELL learners.
Accommodations for ELLs (English Language Learners)

please seperate the work. I’m studying for my Nursing class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Complete the comparison table for Inflammatory Diseases.
Submit your completed assignment by following the directions linked below.
Factors Affecting Nutritional Intake
Healthcare professionals would be thrilled if individuals made decisions about what to eat based on a solid knowledge of what constitutes a “healthy diet.” Unfortunately, that is not typically the case. Many people do not know what constitutes a healthy diet. There are also those who do know but make less healthy choices for several reasons.
The food choices that people make are influenced by a variety of factors. Factor-categories include, but are not limited to, environmental cues, socioeconomic realities, cultural/religious beliefs, and the availability of foods in the community.
In a 3-page paper, written in APA format using proper spelling/grammar, address the following:

Explain what nutrition is and why it is important.
Describe the characteristics of a healthy diet and provide supporting examples.
Identify at least two (2) factors (other than culture) that can impact a person’s food choices and provide a specific example for each.
Research a culture (e.g., ethnic, religious, dietary) where specific food restrictions are dictated and address the following:

Describe the restrictions.
Explain how the restrictions could make it difficult for an individual to achieve a healthy diet.
What dietary alternatives could be incorporated to overcome the dietary restrictions?

Cite at least 3 credible references and present the resources in APA format on the References page

please seperate the work

Introduction Business communication is also popularly referred to as company communication, and it refers to the passing of information within a firm and within a supply chain (“Business Communication” 1). Employee engagement and transaction of officially permitted matters falls under business communication. Other topics that fall under this include; advertising, branding, client dealings, community involvement, and event organization, among others. There are various means through which internal business communication can take place and they include; cyberspace (email), print, face-to-face meeting and video conferencing, among others. Communication involving external parties or entities may entail other channels like radio, television, billboards, among others. Communicating a bad-news message to an employee Every organization has laid down rules and code(s) of conduct which the members of staff are expected to abide by. There are as well spelled out procedures or actions to take if an individual goes against the set regulations (McLean 1). It has to be brought to the attention of any person going against set rules that they have done so. This has to be done in the right and most sober manner so that the offender realizes the gravity of the matter. To begin with, one has to pick the most appropriate channel to relay the message to the employee in question, as regards to the bad-news meeting. Word of mouth or a face-to-face engagement is the most fitting since the information is received in first hand. In firsthand acquisition of the message, the right mood is usually captured from the tone in one’s voice (in the case of telephone communication) and both the tone and facial expressions are captured if it is a face-to-face engagement. The content of the communication to the employee in question should be direct. This serves to tone down anxiety in him or her as a lot is likely to go through their minds when they hear of a meeting with their superior. This will enable them to relax and be open during the meeting and even offer constructive insight. During the meeting, the offender needs to be informed of their mistake and the evidence of committing such an offence made clear. With clear and open evidence, the offender will find it rather difficult to be dishonest. It also offers a perfect ground to level accusation(s) against the offender with no fear of appeals being raised. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Making the right evidence clear therefore reduces the time to be spent on dealing with law-breaking cases. The offender then needs to be given room to react to the accusation(s) after being made aware that honesty should always be their guiding principle. The meeting convener has to be a good listener (“Forms of business communication” 1). No multitasking that needs to take place as this is impolite and one may miss vital points in the conversation. Following this, the convener of the meeting needs to communicate what the rules say as far as committing the offence in question is concerned. Conclusion of the meeting needs to be done by communicating the importance of rules in any institution or place of work. The offender then needs to be made to willingly accept their offence(s) and offer their apologies. This is especially important because it will largely bar the offender from committing such offences in the future. Whenever tempted to go against set rules, one will remember how they promised to abide and will therefore conform. Works Cited Business Communication. “What is Business Communication?” Management Study Guide. 2008. Web. Forms of business communication. “Business, Communication Technology”. Information Science Today. 2011. Web. McLean, Scott. “Business Communication for Success.” 2010. Web.

Human Capital Investment in Saudi Arabia Essay

According to the author, a knowledge-based economy is more powerful and reliable than complete reliance on an oil-based economy. Hence, there is urgent need to transit to a knowledge-based economy in order to accelerate economic development of a country such as Saudi Arabia. One way of attaining this type of economy is through a rapid boost in human capital. Saudi Arabia can adopt a number of human capital initiatives in order to enhance the knowledge base of its economy. Second, the author observes that it may not be adequate to invest heavily in education bearing in mind that non-cognitive skills are still a major challenge in the process of fast tracking and building a viable human capital. The adoption and full implementation of an SSGY program has been proposed in the article as the most fundamental way to strengthen the requisite skills. According to the author, it is necessary for each Saudi citizen to be part and parcel of a social inheritance scheme. The findings in Saudi Arabia are a clear indication that the country is still below par in terms of human capital investment. Perhaps, the oil factor is both a blessing and curse for the Kingdom since it is the main source of economic growth. Needless to say, the future human capital largely relies on scholastic achievement of citizens in any given nation. In the case of Saudi Arabia, it is interesting to mention that the country heavily relies on foreign professionals to drive its human capital economy. It can be recalled that the number of expatriates in Saudi Arabia has been growing over the years. However, it is necessary to strike a balance between the population of the local workforce and that of foreigners. When Dubai is brought into the same focus, it can be agreed that the country has made significant strides in the transformation of its economy using a vibrant human capital base. The current pace of development in Dubai does not rely on oil at all. However, it is one of the rapidly growing centers of economic excellence in the Middle East bloc. As a matter of fact, Dubai has significantly invested in human capital through education and the acquisition of requisite skills and competences. For example, Dubai is a fast growing business hub across the globe mainly due to its dynamic economy that does not merely rely on a single economic resource like it is the case with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Second, it is crucial to underscore the fact that Saudi Arabia lacks a functional master plan and broad objective on how it can transform its oil-based economy. We ought to concur with the author of the article that Saudi Arabia should reinvent itself and seek alternative ways of boosting economic growth. Besides, oil is a non-renewable resource that may be depleted at one time. In the absence of a robust sustainable plan that can propel the growth of its economy, the country may eventually find itself in a state of gross economic downturn. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, we may be slightly compelled to disagree with the author when he asserts that over-investment in education may not necessarily propel economic growth of a country. While such a claim might be true and applicable in certain case studies, it should not be taken as a universal fact. For instance, it can be remembered that the developed world has managed to grow and sustain its economy through heavy investment in education. It is only through education that the capacity of human capital can be materialized. Most of the first-class economies and high-income nations such as the United Kingdom and United States of America even go to an extent of importing human capital in order to boost the local supply. Perhaps, the author should have categorized and differentiated between wasteful and focused investment in education. For instance, it is apparent that Saudi Arabia has one of the highest rates of university enrolment in the Arab world. However, the outcomes of this high enrolment are not feasible. It seems that investment in tertiary education has not been aligned with the current and future needs of the country. A case in point is the inclusion of several art studies in university education at the expense of the crucial science and technology modules. Furthermore, motivation and the level of ‘non-cognitive’ skills are obviously not similar in both Saudi Arabia and Dubai. When scholastic achievement tests were carried out in Saudi Arabia and other Arab nations (excluding Dubai), it was found out that the Kingdom ranked extremely below countries such as Egypt, Morocco, Qatar, Tunisia, Malaysia, and Jordan. For example, the number of learners who attained the mathematics intermediate benchmark was lower in Saudi Arabia than in nine other countries that were ranked in the survey. Worse still, the Kingdom was ranked in the last quarter of performance criteria when a science intermediate benchmark test was carried out among ten countries. It is generally believed that non-cognitive skills equally affect academic performance of learners in various ways. Intrinsic aspects such as a forward-looking attitude, conscientiousness, perseverance, initiative and motivation are vital in the overall academic ability of a learner. Therefore, it can be assumed that the poor scholastic performance of students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has also been contributed by the non-cognitive factors. When the above factors are put into consideration, we may be compelled to conclude that Dubai learners are well prepared in terms of their cognitive skills because the country usually ranks higher than Bahrain, Kuwait or even Tunisia in scholastic achievement. We will write a custom Essay on Human Capital Investment in Saudi Arabia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The proposed Saudi Start-up Gift to the Youth (SSGY) will definitely work if the relevant authorities give the initiative necessary support. The main issue at this point is the formation of a robust human capital base. If young adults can be given the chance to exercise their ability through capital investment, Saudi Arabia can be fully assured that its future economy will not be put at risk. Dubai has attained its current powerful economic status through commerce. If young Saudis are educated in relevant targeted fields of study and then provided with adequate capital to initiate their own investment portfolios, over-reliance on the limited oil resources will be avoided. The success of the program requires political will from the King and adequate support from society. It is also bound to succeed because it will be a national marshal plan and not an individual initiative that lacks the necessary expertise. The author has highlighted a number of benefits that will be derived from the SSGY program. As it stands out, artificial barriers that have hampered the pace of entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia will be sufficiently eliminated.

Is music still true?

essay help online free Is Music Still True? Authenticity is a major issue in popular music, and it also seems to verify the differences between ‘rock’ and ‘pop’. To musicians, rock is the genre that has authenticity and is most trusted, while the pop genre tends to be more of a commercialized type of music, which most musicians today believe that the ‘pop’ music is about the glamour and the money. In the end it comes down to the listener’s point of view. In this argument, authenticity is understood as ‘true to its origins’. Some say that with the new technology today, it’s hard to make anything sound authentic. In some cases, for example Jack White from such bands as The White Stripes, The Raconteurs, and The dead Weather, have stayed away from technology when it comes to the recording end. White also attempts to capture authenticity by using old instruments, to capture the essence of the old time sound. Like White, other artists as well find that the new technology today takes the ‘soul’ out of the music, as well as go far enough to use authentic old style instruments. Although some believe that you can use technology today to give it even more of a rich authentic sound. Most people believe that ‘soul’ is the key component to authenticity, while some believe that it is about reenacting the innovators of the past. Some believe that songs or artist’s can still have authentic meaning. One artist’s that has dealt with issues of authenticity was 60’s folk star Bob Dylan. Dylan’s first electric album rainy day woman had a enormous impact on his fans. The fans were enraged at his desertion from the authentic folk roots that he was so well known for. He received some credit with the fact that his lyrics and song topics were still awarded as authentic. Dylan’s song were known to make a strong stand toward politics, and had simple lyrics but had complex understanding. Then there are artists like John Mayer, who keep to the authenticity on every level, but seems to add his own modern twist. Mayer is a well known blues guitarist who keeps to his ‘bluesy’ guitar riffs, but with a sound of a distorted guitar. Mayer at times has also been subjected to the ‘pop’ commercial genre, with his higher pitched voice and for his criticized lyrics. Artists like these prove that authenticity in music, does not mean that it has to be exactly like the origins it came from. Certain authors have pondered that this distinction may be misleading, but even so, have divided authenticity into several categories (Moore, 2002): first person authenticity, where original music is performed in a manner that makes the audience believe the music is authentic: that is, authentically created, and performed; and third person authenticity, where a performer of music succeeds in conveying the impression of having accurately conveyed the expression of an – absent – other (Moore, 2002). Authenticity is assumed, by many authors, to be inscribed to a musician or performer, yet this assumption is wholly wrong, in that authenticity is actually ascribed to musicians and performers. Authenticity, as a value, is something that must be constructed by each and every listener personally, according to their own response to the music in question. It is only after the listener sees the performance of the music by the musician, that they can begin to understand the musician’s relationship to the piece, and their interpretation of the piece, and only then can the musician be said to have any authenticity. The following is based on this view of authenticity as an ascribed value. Eric Clapton and his music are used as an example by many authors on the subject of authenticity in music, and these discussions invariably fall into Moore’s (2002) second category of authenticity: third-person authenticity. Eric Clapton, a highly able and respected musician, gained a huge worldwide following in the 1960’s for his interpretations and performances, solo and with his band, Cream. I say ‘interpretation’ as many of the songs that Clapton, and Cream performed, such as Crossroads, were not original songs, and were re-worked by Clapton. Crossroads was a song originally written and performed by the country blues star Robert Johnson (Moore, 2002). Johnson led a tragic life, dying early in mysterious circumstances, and living his life as a poor man, with only his guitar for comfort, on which he composed blues music, through which he explored his own life through distorting the sound of the instrument to provide an analogue for his own tortured soul (Moore, 2002). It is argued that, to a certain extent, when Clapton performed Crossroads, he did not authenticate Johnson’s music by reinforcement, rather his interpretation of Johnson’s song authenticated Clapton’s own musical presence (Moore, 2002). It was the appropriation of the ‘black’ blues tradition, of which Johnson was a part, which gave Clapton the material through which he constructed himself as an authentic performer (Moore, 2002). Clapton’s appropriation of the ‘black’ blues tradition was then cemented by his full discovery of this tradition, from BB King to Freddie and Albert King, from country blues through to Robert Johnson (Moore, 2002). This tracing of the origins of a practice back to the originator of the practice thus reinforces the tradition to the tracer: this phenomenon, and is well known in discussions of authenticity in popular music (Moore, 2002); this process is also necessarily circular, as Clapton was authenticated via his appropriation of Johnson, who was then authenticated by his appropriation by an artist he himself had a great deal of respect for (Moore, 2002), since only music that is worth acquiring will be appropriated. As Moore (2002) argues, Clapton conveyed the message ‘this is what it is like to be me’ to his audience, using the message ‘this is what it was like to be Johnson’. Thus, authenticity of execution (Moore, 2002) arises when a performer succeeds in conveying the impression of accurately conveying the expression of an absent other (Moore, 2002), and Clapton is a particularly apt example of this third-person authenticity. Thus, during his performances of particular songs (for example, Crossroads) Clapton speaks the truth of his own situation, as during his performances, he can only convey his own particular expression of a particular song openly, honestly and therefore, truthfully. As to whether Clapton manages to convey the truth of the situation of absent others, this is a difficult one to answer. In order for an audience to believe that Clapton is conveying the truth of an absent other, the audience needs to know that Clapton has respect for that absent other, enough respect to have made a thorough study of the tradition to which that musician belonged, a study which allows Clapton’s interpretation of that particular piece of music to be authentic in the sense of being true to its origins. As to whether Clapton speaks the truth of his own culture and thereby represents present others when performing the music of absent others, this is an even more difficult point of discussion. This point needs to rely on a meaning for the word ‘culture’ in order to fully answer this question, and this is difficult. Can Clapton, a white man, from a white culture, ever delve deeply enough in to a tradition to be able to authentically convey music from an entirely different (‘black’) culture? Cultural purists would argue not, but in today’s multicultural society, the answer to this question is increasingly (and increasingly believably) likely to be yes, at least for white audiences, and for ‘blacks’ who agree with the idea, and principles, of cross-cultural artistic expression. However, it has to be recognized that there are certain tensions and resistance encountered in the process of cross-cultural appropriation of music, particularly in this case, as it concerns the black community, who see their musical heritage as something pure, a badge of identity entirely their own. This is entirely understandable, particularly in reference to appropriation of the blues tradition by whites, as blues is a black music, which arose out of unspeakable suppression and hardship at the hands of the white man. Tensions that arise from within the black community at the (mis)use of the blues tradition by whites should therefore be listened to, and could also be used as a lesson to learn from. A recent book by Todd Gitlin (2001) argues that we, as a society, are becoming so overwhelmed with information from the media, in so many varieties of the media, that we are becoming immune to its lure, and are even beginning to shy away from this media onslaught. It seems that one way people can avoid this media onslaught is to search out authentic performances from authentic musicians, as this would guarantee quality and purity of enjoyment. Authenticity of an artist’s like Clapton, really come down to the listeners and their opinion on whether or not the artist’s is authentic. Music has always been about the listeners, so they are the only ones who can really decide what is authentic. Most fans will say the authentic ones are the ones who ‘keep it real’, which is just another way of saying keeping it true to the original genre. Which makes Authenticity in music a very long ongoing topic. There will always be those who say ‘he is to commercial for me’ and those who will think that that artists perfected and recreated a new side of the authentic origin. Artists, like Clapton, who appropriate music from other cultures, and who – we can argue – do this in a compassionate manner, are perhaps the guiding lights for many of today’s media-overwhelmed generation; they serve, for many, as a good introduction to the traditions from which such music is drawn, from which point the interested can do their own research and discover the authentic music from which such adaptations are developed. Cross-cultural musical evolution can only be a process for good in terms of the development of music, as long as authenticity and the ‘donor’ culture are respected.

Brand Community and its Relationship with Brand Culture

Community is a core of social thought and has a long intellectual history. The nineteenth and early twentieth century social theorists, scientists, and philosophers were concerned with its impact and consequences and this has continued to be so among contemporary theorists. In fact, for a century and a half it has been a staple of political, religious, scholarly, and popular discourse (Hummon 1990). This discourse is basically about community’s condition and fate in the presence of modernity, market capitalism, and consumer culture. Although its importance has been acknowledged but when it comes to consumer behaviour, it is very rere that community is looked into. There exist numerous definitions of community; a review of the sociology literature brings out three essential components of a community, as well as the critical notion of imagined community (Anderson 1983). The first and most important element of community is what Gusfield (1978) refers to as consciousness of kind. Consciousness of kind is the feeling of belongingness which the people have to the community and its members which is absent for others who are not a part of the community. This consciousness is a shared consciousness, as to how the members of the community perceive a particular situation in a similar manner. It is a shared knowing of belonging (Weber [1922] 1978). Presence of shared rituals and traditions is the second indicator. These Rituals and traditions which the community shares portray the historical and cultural link which in turn signifies the link of the conscious. Rituals “serve to contain the drift of meanings; . . . [they] are conventions that set up visible public definitions” (Douglas and Ishwerwood 1979, p. 65) and social solidarity (Durkbeim 1965). Traditions are sets of “social practices which seek to celebrate and inculcate certain behavioural norms and values” (Marshall 1994, p. 537). Thirdly, moral responsibility is a key component. It is a is a felt sense of duty or obligation which you feel for both the community as a whole, and its individual members. It is this sense of moral responsibility , that in times of threat or external action that people join hands together and a feeling of collective belonging is generated. Building Brand Culture and Community For decades, marketers have sought the Holy Grail of brand loyalty. Just as the legendary grail of Arthurian quest held the promise of extended life and renewal, marketers attribute to brand loyalty and its sister icon, customer retention, the promise of long-term profitability and market share (Bhattacharya, Rao, and Glynn 1995; Reicheld and Sasser 1990). Unfortunately, marketing’s knights-errant face a daunting problem: They have not fully understood what the grail looks like or where it can be found. As a result, marketers have devised strategies and designed programs to build loyalty with limited information about their real impact or ultimate consequences (Dowling and Uncles 1997; Fournier, Dobscha, and Mick 1998). For decades, marketers have sought the Holy Grail of brand loyalty. Just as the legendary grail of Arthurian quest held the promise of extended life and renewal, marketers attribute to brand loyalty and its sister icon, customer retention, the promise of long-term profitability and market share (Bhattacharya, Rao, and Glynn 1995; Reicheld and Sasser 1990). Unfortunately, marketing’s knights-errant face a daunting problem: They have not fully understood what the grail looks like or where it can be found. As a result, marketers have devised strategies and designed programs to build loyalty with limited information about their real impact or ultimate consequences (Dowling and Uncles 1997; Fournier, Dobscha, and Mick 1998). Culture is a means and mode that provides significance to human activities. During our lifetime we come across and become a part of various cultures which often intersect, such as the national culture, food and music culture and so many others. These cultures which we follow and which are a part of our life, have a profound influence on our attitudes, beliefs and values that determine our behaviours. Brands too can have a powerful influence on us, a new ‘culture’ evolves around them.. According to Jonathan Schroeder, one of the leading experts on the topic, brand culture concerns all the aspects and connotations of brands that have made them an important part of our everyday lives and experiences (Schroeder, 2007). Brands are creators of new unique culture but they also draw heavily form other cultural phenomena’s such as history, myths, rituals, artworks, the ¬lm industry, theatre and television, to convey meanings that resonate in powerful ways with consumer’s lifestyles (Schroeder and Salzer-Morling, 2006). Brand culture is continuously (re)created as the various parties that have an interest in the brand – companies, employees, culture industries, intermediaries, customers – relate stories around their experiences of the brand ( Holt, 2004 ). Well-known entrepreneurs such as Phil Knight (Nike), Richard Branson (Virgin), Anita Roddick (Bodyshop) and Steve Jobs (Apple) have built strong corporate brand cultures through personal dedication and passion for their enterprise. They with their strong and influential personality , entuse their employees with the goals of the organisation and its mission which brings a feeling of belongingness, so much so that the employees are as passionate about achieving these goals as the entrepreneurs. They in a way form a community build on similar goals. (Maclaran 2009). Balmer (2006, p. 34) refers to the growth of the ‘corporate brandscape ‘, arguing that brand cultures, and the communities that they engender, are much stronger for corporate brands than those created by product brands. The other key building block of brand culture is in ensuring that there exists no gap between what the values of the organisation propose and what the customer seeks. Sharing of passion only between employees and management is not sufficient, it has to be in conformity with what the customers expectations are, or else the brand would be a failure. It is now well recognized that consumers no longer seek just functional bene¬ts from products and services, they seek meanings that help them construct and maintain their identities (Elliott and Wattanasuwan, 1998). The fabric of brand culture has to be knit keeping in mind the customers expectations and in line with what would be acceptable to the consumer. Relationships have to be manged at each step, include those between the customer and the brand, between the customer and the firm, between the customer and the product in use, and among fellow customers (James H. McAlexander, John W. Schouten,

Deliverable 2 – Strategic Plan Outline

Deliverable 2 – Strategic Plan Outline.

CompetenciesDistinguish the strategic actions that differentiate between successful domestic and international sourcing plans.InstructionsYou have been in the Emerging Leaders onboarding learning and development program for one quarter and have experienced a few successes. During this onboarding-program you have participated in assessments and completed a leadership development outline to help you to identify and understand your organizational leadership style. Now let us move forward in the onboarding program where you are asked to develop a strategic plan outline to help you to distinguish the strategic actions that differentiate between successful domestic and international sourcing plans as an emerging operations leader.For this strategic plan outline, you are being asked to address and answer the following questions:Create a table outline and clearly distinguish the strategic actions that differentiate between successful domestic and international sourcing plans:What does a successful domestic sourcing plan entail? Explain how you as an Emerging Leader will implement a successful domestic sourcing plan. What does a successful international sourcing plan entail? Explain how you as an Emerging Leader will implement a successful international sourcing plan. Clearly distinguish and differentiate in the table outline between successful domestic and international sourcing plans.
Deliverable 2 – Strategic Plan Outline